供给侧结构性改革视角下中国科技成果转化绩效研究——基于空间面板数据模型的实证分析
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F204;F062.4

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重庆市社会科学规划项目"供给侧改革背景下重庆市全要素绿色能源效率与提升机制研究"(2017BS34);重庆市教委人文社会科学研究项目"重庆市科技成果转化的供给侧结构性改革研究"(17SKG146);国家社会科学基金项目"三峡库区扶贫开发、生态承载和社会治理复合系统协调发展路径研究"(16BGL122)


Research on China's scientific and technological achievements transformation performance from the perspective of supply-side structural reform: An empirical analysis of spatial panel data model
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    摘要:

    通过构建科技成果转化的评价指标体系,文章采用至强有效前沿的最小距离法(mSBM)测度了中国1998-2016年各省份的科技成果转化绩效,并且在分析科技成果转化绩效空间相关性的基础上,结合供给侧结构性改革背景,使用空间面板数据模型实证考察了科技成果转化绩效的影响因素。结果表明:中国科技成果转化绩效呈现出明显的省际差异性,大多数东部沿海省份的科技成果转化绩效相对较高,而中西部内陆省份的科技成果转化绩效则不尽如人意;分地区看,东部地区的科技成果转化绩效最高,中部地区次之,西部地区最低;纳入空间效应后,科技成果转化绩效在不仅在全局空间上呈现出空间依赖性,而且在局部空间上表现出空间异质性,且大部分省份的科技成果转化绩效位于空间集聚区内,少量省份处于空间离群区内;空间计量模型结果显示,产业结构、金融结构、人力资本结构、经济发展水平、外商直接投资有效促进科技成果转化绩效提升,而产权结构和政府干预则对科技成果转化绩效表现出抑制作用。

    Abstract:

    By constructing the evaluation index system for the scientific and technological achievements transformation,this paper uses the minimum distance to the strong frontier method (mSBM) to measure the scientific and technological achievements transformation performance in China from 1998 to 2016. On the basis of analyzing the spatial correlation of scientific and technological achievements transformation performance,combined with the supply-side structural reform background,we use the spatial panel data model to empirically examine the influencing factors of the scientific and technological achievements transformation performance. The results show that China's scientific and technological achievements transformation performance shows obvious inter-provincial differences. Most of the eastern coastal provinces have relatively high scientific and technological achievements transformation performance,while the scientific and technological achievements transformation performance in the inland provinces of the central and western regions is not satisfactory. In terms of regions,the scientific and technological achievements transformation performance in the eastern region is the highest,followed by the central region and the lowest in the west region. After incorporating the spatial effect,scientific and technological achievements transformation performance not only shows spatial dependence in the global space,but also shows spatial heterogeneity in local space. The scientific and technological achievements transformation performance in most provinces is located in the spatial agglomeration area. A small number of provinces are in a spatially separated area. The results of spatial econometric model show that industrial structure,financial structure,human capital structure,economic development level,foreign direct investment effectively promote the scientific and technological achievements transformation performance,while property rights structure and government intervention have inhibited it.

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马大来,叶红.供给侧结构性改革视角下中国科技成果转化绩效研究——基于空间面板数据模型的实证分析[J].重庆大学学报社会科学版,2020,26(1):45-60. DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2019.09.010

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  • 最后修改日期:2019-09-19
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  • 在线发布日期: 2019-12-30
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