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    论全球气候治理中FAO援助机制的嬗变及中国应对
    周钰颖
    四川外国语大学 商务英语学院, 重庆 400031
    摘要:
    《巴黎协定》明确了"自下而上"型的温室气体贡献目标,因此,应对气候变化更需包括FAO在内的多元主体予以共同治理。事实上,FAO已将援助发展中国家应对粮食安全的传统工作范围延伸至应对气候变化领域,但客观而言,其仍存在国际合作模式僵化、机构设置与整体目标不匹配、行动能力不强、工作透明度不高等一系列问题。对此,FAO宜在自身改革和治理中更突出应对气候变化工作的重要地位,加强与《联合国气候变化框架公约》体系的互动与衔接,创建发展中国家关于气候变化和粮食安全的数据库。同时,作为最大的发展中国家、农业大国和温室气体排放大国,中国亦应积极参与全球气候治理进程,推动应对气候变化机制的完善,并创新农业发展战略和碳融资方案。
    关键词:  FAO  全球气候治理  援助机制  发展中国家  《巴黎协定》
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2018.10.001
    分类号:D996.9
    基金项目:
    Evolution and China's countermeasures of FAO's assistance mechanism in global climate governance
    ZHOU Yuying
    School of Business English, Sichuan International Studies University, Chongqing 400031, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    The Paris Agreement 2015 has affirmed the "from bottom to top" greenhouse gases reduction goal, therefore, there is a crying need for the co-governance of multiple subjects including Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in the area of climate change. Actually, FAO has extended its work scope from traditional food security to assisting developing countries in addressing climate change. However, objectively, there are still a series of problems, such as rigid international cooperation model, mismatch between institutional settings and overall objectives, weak operational capacity and low transparency of work. FAO should give more prominence to climate change response in its own reform and governance, strengthen interaction and linkages with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change system, and create a database of developing countries on climate change and food security. Meanwhile, as the biggest developing country, and a big agricultural and greenhouse gas emission country, China should also actively participate in global climate governance process, promote the improvement of climate change response mechanism and innovate agricultural development strategy and carbon financing scheme.
    Key words:  FAO  global climate governance  assistance mechanism  developing countries  the Paris Agreement 2015
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