Using village level micro data,this paper constructs a theoretical model to reveal to what extent household characteristics,means of production and poverty features influence targeted poverty alleviation. It furthermore studies the sensitivity differences among households with different levels and characters of poverty. Based on the 813 households survey data from the frontier-minority areas of Xinjiang Autonomous Region,a Binary Choice Logit Model is employed to analyze the influence of household characteristics and production conditions from three dimensions on targeted poverty reduction. The empirical study shows that age,education,cultivated acreage,poverty status and the reason of poverty are key determinants of poverty. The consequence of odds ratio calculated emphasizes that endogenous motivation plays a pivotal role in targeted poverty alleviation. From further sensitivity analysis based the same empirical framework,it is found that it is more difficult for poorer households to escape poverty not because of resource endowments but because of the lack of endogenous motivation, which not only has a significant effect on sustainable poverty reduction but can also become a long term deterrent of China's ability to build an all-round well-off society. Our key policy recommendation is that poverty alleviation effort should not disproportionally depend on resource transfers,instead,primary efforts should be made to create a production and education led facilitation mechanism to stimulate the desire for endogenous efforts of poor households. In this regard,pro-poor growth is the future direction of targeted poverty alleviation.