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      Organizer:Ministry of Education
      Sponsor:ChongQing University
      Editor-in-chief:赵修渝
      Address:重庆市沙坪坝正街174号
      Post:400030
      Tel:023-65102306
      Email:shekexeb@cpu.edu.cn
      ISSN: 1008-5831
      CN:50-1023/C
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      新时代破除连片特困地区“贫困陷阱”的理论及战略路径研究
      姚树洁1,2,3, 王洁菲1, 汪锋1
      1.重庆大学 经济与工商管理学院, 重庆 400044;2.华南农业大学 经济管理学院, 广东 广州 510000;3.宁波诺丁汉大学 经济学院, 浙江 宁波 315000
      摘要:
      文章先从理论层面分析贫困户个体、生产资料、贫困属性三个维度基本特征对精准扶贫的影响,再运用新疆南部三地州连片特困地区813个样本家庭资料构建Logit二元选择模型,并进一步开展了弹性测算和敏感性差异分析。结果表明户主年龄、受教育程度、耕地面积、贫困程度、致贫主观因素等指标对贫困户精准脱贫影响显著。致贫主观因素主要是贫困户自身发展动力不足问题,这说明传统"输血式"财政扶贫支持导致相当比例的贫困户对直接财政补助产生严重依赖性,失去自我发展、主动摆脱贫困的动力。为了实现习近平总书记和党中央提出的"提高扶贫开发质量,把扶贫与扶智、扶志结合起来"的工作目标,精准扶贫必须转变传统"输血式"直接扶持模式,把兜底工作与直接财政支持区别开来,对具有一定劳动能力的家庭,坚持以"益贫式"发展为主,分层次、多渠道、精准到村到户,充分激发贫困家庭劳动热情,持续提高他们自我教育和自我脱贫的意识,这是新时代少数民族贫困集中连片特困地区脱贫攻坚工作的重要内涵,具有很强的时效性、政策性和政治性。
      关键词:  精准扶贫  扶智  扶志  Logit模型  “益贫式”发展
      DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2019.03.004
      分类号:F320.3
      基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金"新时代连片特困地区扶贫开发扶智及扶志研究"(2018CDYJSY0055);国家社会科学基金重大项目"习近平总书记关于扶贫工作的重要论述的理论和实证基础及精准扶贫效果研究"(18ZDA005);国家自然科学基金项目(71673033);教育部人文社会科学基金项目(16YJA790058);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2017CDJSK)
      Research on the theory and strategic path of breaking the “poverty trap” in poverty-stricken areas in China's new era
      YAO Shujie1,2,3, WANG Jiefei1, WANG Feng1
      1.School of Economics and Business Administration, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, P. R. China;2.College of Economics and Management, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510000, P. R. China;3.School of Economics, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo 315000, P. R. China
      Abstract:
      Using village level micro data,this paper constructs a theoretical model to reveal to what extent household characteristics,means of production and poverty features influence targeted poverty alleviation. It furthermore studies the sensitivity differences among households with different levels and characters of poverty. Based on the 813 households survey data from the frontier-minority areas of Xinjiang Autonomous Region,a Binary Choice Logit Model is employed to analyze the influence of household characteristics and production conditions from three dimensions on targeted poverty reduction. The empirical study shows that age,education,cultivated acreage,poverty status and the reason of poverty are key determinants of poverty. The consequence of odds ratio calculated emphasizes that endogenous motivation plays a pivotal role in targeted poverty alleviation. From further sensitivity analysis based the same empirical framework,it is found that it is more difficult for poorer households to escape poverty not because of resource endowments but because of the lack of endogenous motivation, which not only has a significant effect on sustainable poverty reduction but can also become a long term deterrent of China's ability to build an all-round well-off society. Our key policy recommendation is that poverty alleviation effort should not disproportionally depend on resource transfers,instead,primary efforts should be made to create a production and education led facilitation mechanism to stimulate the desire for endogenous efforts of poor households. In this regard,pro-poor growth is the future direction of targeted poverty alleviation.
      Key words:  targeted poverty alleviation  education improvement  endogenous motivation  binary choice logit model  pro-poor development
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