Journal Info
      Organizer:Ministry of Education
      Sponsor:ChongQing University
      ISSN: 1008-5831
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      姚树洁1,2,3, 王洁菲1, 汪锋1
      1.重庆大学 经济与工商管理学院, 重庆 400044;2.华南农业大学 经济管理学院, 广东 广州 510000;3.宁波诺丁汉大学 经济学院, 浙江 宁波 315000
      关键词:  精准扶贫  扶智  扶志  Logit模型  “益贫式”发展
      Research on the theory and strategic path of breaking the “poverty trap” in poverty-stricken areas in China's new era
      YAO Shujie1,2,3, WANG Jiefei1, WANG Feng1
      1.School of Economics and Business Administration, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, P. R. China;2.College of Economics and Management, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510000, P. R. China;3.School of Economics, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo 315000, P. R. China
      Using village level micro data,this paper constructs a theoretical model to reveal to what extent household characteristics,means of production and poverty features influence targeted poverty alleviation. It furthermore studies the sensitivity differences among households with different levels and characters of poverty. Based on the 813 households survey data from the frontier-minority areas of Xinjiang Autonomous Region,a Binary Choice Logit Model is employed to analyze the influence of household characteristics and production conditions from three dimensions on targeted poverty reduction. The empirical study shows that age,education,cultivated acreage,poverty status and the reason of poverty are key determinants of poverty. The consequence of odds ratio calculated emphasizes that endogenous motivation plays a pivotal role in targeted poverty alleviation. From further sensitivity analysis based the same empirical framework,it is found that it is more difficult for poorer households to escape poverty not because of resource endowments but because of the lack of endogenous motivation, which not only has a significant effect on sustainable poverty reduction but can also become a long term deterrent of China's ability to build an all-round well-off society. Our key policy recommendation is that poverty alleviation effort should not disproportionally depend on resource transfers,instead,primary efforts should be made to create a production and education led facilitation mechanism to stimulate the desire for endogenous efforts of poor households. In this regard,pro-poor growth is the future direction of targeted poverty alleviation.
      Key words:  targeted poverty alleviation  education improvement  endogenous motivation  binary choice logit model  pro-poor development
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