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      Organizer:Ministry of Education
      Sponsor:ChongQing University
      Editor-in-chief:赵修渝
      Address:重庆市沙坪坝正街174号
      Post:400030
      Tel:023-65102306
      Email:shekexeb@cpu.edu.cn
      ISSN: 1008-5831
      CN:50-1023/C
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      世界一流大学五大评价指标体系的比较、改进及其启示
      赵国栋1, 马瑞敏2
      1.山西大学 教育科学学院, 山西 太原 030006;2.山西大学 管理学院, 山西 太原 030006
      摘要:
      世界一流大学是一个历时性概念,也是一个共时性概念。回应世界一流大学的标准是建设一流大学的根本问题,建设世界一流大学既有对标国外先进大学的涵义,更体现出奠定我国大学发展基础、超越和引领未来大学发展模式的根本性目标。本研究选取了ARWU、THE、QS、RCCSE、USNWR五个国内外具有较高知名度的评价体系,通过消解一级指标中各评价体系的价值偏好,运用比较二级指标中的指标权重和全球可比指标权重的方法进行分析,发现国内的评价体系还没有形成具有中国特色的评价认识,国内外不同的评价体系将全球可比指标看作一流大学的重要标准,量的可比性指标关注超过了其他类属,质性与主观性评价指标具有文化性差异,教学水平和办学声誉的关注度正逐渐提高。在中国大学从跨越式发展到内涵式发展的进路上,我国"双一流"建设评价指标体系更应该注重国际标准与中国标准的协调;客观评价与质性评价的协调;大学质量与大学内在逻辑合理性的协调;科研能力评价与育人功能评价的协调;强、弱功利性评价的协调。最后,笔者认为我国在建设世界一流大学过程中,应当警惕唯数据与唯排名的思维,坚守求异发展作为大学本质,兼顾学术市场与大学变革等内容。
      关键词:  世界一流大学  评价指标体系  大学评价  质性指标  大学质量  “双一流”建设
      DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.pj.2019.01.001
      分类号:G40-051;G40-058.1
      基金项目:山西省高校人文社科重点研究基地项目"山西省本科高校社会科学类学科竞争力评价研究"(2016309)
      Comparison, improvement and enlightenment of the five evaluation index systems of world-class university
      ZHAO Guodong1, MA Ruimin2
      1.College of Education Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, P. R. China;2.College of Management, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, P. R. China
      Abstract:
      World-class university is a diachronic and synchronic concept. Responding to the standards of world-class universities is the fundamental problem of building first-class universities. Building world-class universities not only has the meaning of marking advanced universities in foreign countries, but also embodies the fundamental goal of laying the foundation for the development of Chinese universities, surpassing and leading the development model of future universities. Five high-reputation evaluation systems such as ARWU, THE, QS, RCCSE, and USNWR were selected, and an analysis was conducted through eliminating the value preference of primary indicators in the evaluation system and comparing the weights of indicators in secondary indicators and global comparable indicators. The study found that, domestic evaluation system has not formed an evaluation understanding with Chinese characteristics, different evaluation systems at home and abroad take global comparable indicators as important criteria of first-class university, quantitative comparable indicators are more concerned, qualitative and subjective evaluation indexes have cultural differences, and attention to level of education and reputation of school are gradually increasing. In the course from leap development to connotative development of Chinese universities, the evaluation index system of China's double-first class construction should pay more attention to the coordination between international standards and Chinese standards, between objective evaluation and qualitative evaluation, between university quality and internal logical rationality, between scientific research ability evaluation and educational function evaluation, and between strong and weak utility evaluation. In the course of building world-class universities, we should be vigilant about the statistic-only and ranking-only thinking, keep our differences as the university's essence, and take into account the academic market and the university revolution.
      Key words:  world-class universities  evaluation index system  university evaluation  qualitative indicators  university quality  double first class construction
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