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      Organizer:Ministry of Education
      Sponsor:ChongQing University
      Editor-in-chief:赵修渝
      Address:重庆市沙坪坝正街174号
      Post:400030
      Tel:023-65102306
      Email:shekexeb@cpu.edu.cn
      ISSN: 1008-5831
      CN:50-1023/C
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      论环境民事公益诉讼与私益诉讼的共通性——以最高人民法院相关司法解释为视角的分析
      吴如巧, 雷嘉, 郭成
      重庆大学 法学院, 重庆 400044
      摘要:
      环境损害案件呈现出公益与私益相互交织的复合性特征,在此情形下同时提起环境民事公益诉讼与私益诉讼将不可避免,厘清二者之间的关系尤为必要。环境民事公益诉讼与私益诉讼在诉讼请求、事实认定、证据证明等方面存在共通性,这一共通性可在避免矛盾裁判、提升诉讼效率、实现攻防平衡等方面发挥重要程序功能。我国现行相关司法解释在环境民事公益诉讼与私益诉讼共通性方面存在缺陷,有必要在今后的修正与完善中对该缺陷予以修复,以有效实现环境民事公益诉讼与私益诉讼二者间的制度衔接。
      关键词:  环境公益诉讼  环境私益诉讼  共通性  司法解释
      DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2018.12.007
      分类号:D925.1
      基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目"生态文明法律制度建设研究"(14ZDC029);重庆市社会科学规划项目"检察机关提起环境公益诉讼路径研究";重庆大学中央高校基本科研业务费面上项目"新媒体时代司法回应舆论干预对策研究"(106112017CDJXY080006)
      On the commonality of environmental civil public interest litigation and private interest litigation: From the perspective of relevant judicial interpretations of the Supreme People's Court
      WU Ruqiao, LEI Jia, GUO Cheng
      Law School, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, P. R. China
      Abstract:
      Environmental tort cases show the complex characteristics of public and private interests intertwined. In this case filing environmental civil public litigation and private interest litigation at the same time will be inevitable, and to clarify the relationship between the two of them is very necessary. There is commonality in claims, facts, evidence, etc., between environmental civil public interest litigation and private interest litigation. This commonality can play an important procedural function in avoiding conflicts in judgments, improving litigation efficiency, and achieving a balance between offense and defense. China's current judicial interpretations have defects in the commonality between environmental civil public litigation and private interest litigation. To realize the connection between the system of environmental civil public interest litigation and private interest litigation, it is necessary to repair this defect in the future amendment and perfection.
      Key words:  environmental public interest litigation  environmental private interest litigation  commonality  judicial interpretation
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