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      Organizer:Ministry of Education
      Sponsor:ChongQing University
      Editor-in-chief:赵修渝
      Address:重庆市沙坪坝正街174号
      Post:400030
      Tel:023-65102306
      Email:shekexeb@cpu.edu.cn
      ISSN: 1008-5831
      CN:50-1023/C
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      新型支付手段下诈骗罪的处分意识再定义
      姜涛, 杨睿雍
      南京师范大学 法学院, 江苏 南京 210023
      摘要:
      处分意识概念的内容是指被害人对处分行为能够产生的财产减损效果的认识。因此,学界中有关处分意识是否必要的争论实际上均坚持处分意识必要说的立场。新型支付方式的发展和诈骗罪的构造要求真正、彻底的处分意识不要说,这种处分意识不要说要求坚持处分行为判断中的客观标准。因此,在新型支付方式发展的背景下,要以客观标准来判断财产损失的实质及其与财产危险的关系。处分意识不要说下的错误认识包括处分表达的错误和处分动机的错误;其中处分动机的错误又包括处分对象和处分目的的错误。在判断被害人是否产生错误认识时,要结合一般观念、被害人处境等因素进行规范性判断。
      关键词:  诈骗罪  处分意识  处分意识不要说  处分行为  错误认识  意思表示
      DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2019.05.002
      分类号:D924.35
      基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目"刑法体系的合宪性控制研究"(17AFX018)
      Redefinition of deliver awareness of fraud crime under new payment methods
      JIANG Tao, YANG Ruiyong
      School of Law, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, P. R. China
      Abstract:
      Deliver awareness refers to the victim's understanding of the property depreciation effect that can be generated by deliver behavior. In the academia,"unnecessary deliver awareness" is actually a "necessary deliver awareness" theory. The development of new payment methods and the construction of fraud crimes require a true and thorough unnecessary deliver awareness theory. This theory requires that the objective criteria should be taken in the judgment of deliver action. Therefore,in the context of the development of new payment methods,the essence of property damage and its relationship with property risks should be judged by objective criteria. Erroneous understanding under unnecessary deliver awareness theory includes the error of deliver expression and the error of deliver motive; the error of deliver motive includes the error of deliver object and deliver purpose. When judging whether the victim has erroneous understanding,it is necessary to make a normative judgment based on factors such as general concepts and the plight of the victim.
      Key words:  fraud crime  deliver awareness  unnecessary deliver awareness  deliver behavior  erroneous understanding  meaning and representation
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