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      Organizer:Ministry of Education
      Sponsor:ChongQing University
      Editor-in-chief:赵修渝
      Address:重庆市沙坪坝正街174号
      Post:400030
      Tel:023-65102306
      Email:shekexeb@cpu.edu.cn
      ISSN: 1008-5831
      CN:50-1023/C
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      “亲亲相隐”或“大义灭亲”:人伦秩序与公共秩序的关系研究
      李俊
      华东政法大学 社会发展学院, 上海 201620
      摘要:
      "亲亲相隐"与"大义灭亲"这一对矛盾的背后,隐藏的命题是人伦秩序与公共秩序的关系,两者既有一致的一面,也有冲突的一面。笔者的研究成果主要有:第一,通过理论研究发现,"亲亲相隐"与"大义灭亲"的立法在理论上都有其合理性;第二,通过实证研究发现,受对家庭成员的信任度、法律素质和对意识形态的认同度的影响,在现实社会生活中公民的告亲行为呈现出"亲亲相隐"与"大义灭亲"并存的状态;第三,基于理论与实证研究,并借鉴古今中外的相关立法,笔者认为在两种秩序发生冲突时,一般情况下应当维护人伦秩序,因为这是人最基本的价值需求,法律不能置之不顾,而在特殊情况下,如涉及恶性犯罪,则必须强调公共秩序维护的优先性。
      关键词:  亲亲相隐  大义灭亲  人伦秩序  公共秩序  亲属拒证权
      DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.gg.2019.05.002
      分类号:D90-052;C913
      基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目"监督过失理论在渎职犯罪中的适用研究"(15BFX087)
      “Placing Righteousness above Family Loyalty” or “Kin Concealment System”: The research on relationships between ethical order and public order
      LI Jun
      School of Social Development, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 201620, P. R. China
      Abstract:
      Behind the contradiction between "Placing Righteousness above Family Loyalty" and "Kin Concealment System",there is a relationship between ethical order and public order which has both conformity and conflict. Firstly,this paper finds through theoretical research that the legislations on both "Placing Righteousness above Family Loyalty" and "Kin Concealment System" are rational. Secondly,it finds through empirical research that citizen's behaviors about sued relatives present both "Placing Righteousness above Family Loyalty" and "Kin Concealment System",influenced by trust to family members,legal quality and identification to ideology. Finally,based on theoretical and empirical research,and drawing lessons from related legislation,the author suggests that when these two kinds of order are in conflict,ethical order should be protected generally because this is the most fundamental value of human beings which law should not ignore; in special circumstances,for example,involving major crimes,we should lay stress on the priority of public order.
      Key words:  “Placing Righteousness above Family Loyalty”  “Kin Concealment System”  ethical order  public order  family members' right of refusing to testify
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