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ParentUnit Ministry of Education

Unit ChongQing University

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DomesticPublishHouse 78-16

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ExternalPublishHouse M355

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    Volume 27,2021 Issue 2
      专家论坛
    • FENG Gang

      2021,27(2):1-7, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jy.2020.12.001

      The integration and development of big data and ideological and political education is the main trend and important thrust of the innovation and development of ideological and political education under the new situation. At present, in order to promote the integration and development of big data and ideological and political education, we should not only maintain "technical sensitivity" but also avoid "technology superstition", grasp "theoretical feasibility" and pay attention to "practical feasibility". On the one hand, based on the technical characteristics of big data, we should objectively understand and calmly treat the limitations of big data in data generation, data processing and data conclusion application. On the other hand, we should seek breakthroughs on the basis of calm thinking, and constantly pay attention to the identification and screening of data to improve the reliability of big data sources; gradually refine the processing and mining of data to improve the feasibility of big data processing; continuously optimize the interpretation and analysis of data to improve the usability of big data conclusions, so as to maximize the application value and practical utility of big data in ideological and political education, promote and guarantee the sustained and healthy development of ideological and political education.

    • 区域开发
    • YANG Lingli

      2021,27(2):8-22, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2020.05.006

      On how to govern the economic risks of host countries, the existing literature focuses on two channels: National governance and market governance. The former improves the business environment in the host country through national diplomacy. The latter uses a series of market tools to disperse and hedge risks, so as to prevent risks in advance and hedge risks afterwards. This paper introduces the third risk governance mechanism: social governance. By using 302 questionnaires of entrepreneurs with overseas investment in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, we find that if Chinese entrepreneurs establish an extensive social relationship network in local society through social embeddedness, they will gain the general recognition and emotional support of local people, improve the reputation of Chinese enterprises in the host country, and enhance the ability of risk management ability. Not only that, we also find that different governance mechanisms can promote each other. The corporate social reputation gained from social embeddedness will further optimize the business environment of investment enterprises in the host country and improve the national governance effect. Based on this understanding, this paper puts forward a ternary governance model of "state-society-market". Through comparison test and identity test of the structural equation model, we find that after the introduction of "corporate reputation" intermediary effect, the explanatory power of the model is significantly improved, and the effect of state, society and market governance is significantly enhanced, which confirms the effectiveness and robustness of the "state-society-market" governance model.

    • CHEN Sheng, GU Juan, HE Zenghua

      2021,27(2):23-43, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2020.05.009

      The characteristic and theoretical significance of this paper is to try to quantify the relevant policies of the provinces along "the Belt and Road" to determine the policy measure strength and policy guarantee strength based on designing the scoring standards of policy effectiveness, policy measure and policy guarantees.The relationship between the policy strength and the economic openness of provinces along "the Belt and Road"is discussed in detail, the differences between the eastern and western regions and the moderating effect of policy guarantee intensity on the relationship between policy intensity and economic openness are discussed. The study finds: 1) Policy measures strength can positively promote the improvement of economic openness.2)In provinces with economic openness higher than 10%, the policy guarantee strength is positively regulating the relationship between the policy measure strength and the economic openness improvement, and there is a complementary relationship between the policy measure strength and the policy guarantee strength.3) The capital financing strength of policy measure strength has the most significant positive impact on the improvement of provincial economic openness along the line. Policy communication strength has no significantly impact on the improvement of provincial economic openness.4) There are regional differences in the policy strength and the improvement of the economic openness, and the western regions pay more attention to the opportunities brought about by "the Belt and Road" initiative. It is necessary to make rational planning for policy communication, facility connectivity, trade smoothness, capital financing and popular feelings interlink. Making operational arrangements for the policy guarantee is also necessary.

    • QIN Peng, LIU Huan

      2021,27(2):44-54, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2020.10.005

      The construction of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle is an important regional development strategy of China.It promotes the formation of domestic circulation, and the formation of domestic and international double circulation of the new pattern of development.The key to the construction of twin city economic circle is to promote the coordinated development of Chengdu-Chongqing region,optimize the regional economic layout, and form high-quality growth poles.In order to enrich the theory of regional coordinated development, this paper introduces the functionalism theory and uses the classical theory to explain the internal logic and path strategy of the coordinated development of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle.The research shows that the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle should take the economic and social coordination as the goal, use the ramification to start the original power, give full play to the spillover power,mobilize the initiative of the government, elites, enterprises and institutions, and build a systematic regional cooperative development organizational structure.The paper points out that the construction of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle needs to go through five stages: dismantling barriers, unblocking connections, forming alliances, regional identity and deepening coordination.At the same time, Chengdu-Chongqing region needs to explore the driving force of coordinated development, maintain the balance of interests, and promote the coordinated linkage of policies,economy,society and the rule of law. With the help of functionalism theory, this paper studies the coordinated development of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle, which is of reference significance to enrich the theory of regional coordinated development in China and guide the construction of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle.

    • SHAN Xuepeng, LUO Zhe

      2021,27(2):55-66, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2020.11.001

      The collaborative governance of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle is an important opportunity to promote the high-quality development of Chengdu-Chongqing region and the key to promote regional collaborative governance lies in the effective integration of governance actions, the interaction of governance resources and policy learning. In order to explore the logic of collaborative governance of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle and provide Chengdu-Chongqing experience for China's regional collaborative governance.This paper takes 351 intergovernmental collaborative governance policy texts of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle as the research blueprint and carries out content-coding analysis from the perspective of network analysis of institutional collective action theoretical framework. The research focuses on individual network analysis and overall network analysis and introduces the concept of strong and weak linkages to see into the collaborative governance process of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle. The results show that the collaborative governance network of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle has experienced the evolution from limited sharing network to dual-core leadership network, and the primary role of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle is gradually obvious; the secondary system of internal collaborative governance of Chengdu-Chongqing region has basically formed, which promotes the coordination and integration of the overall system action; administrative and regional segregation are the main obstacles of collaborative governance of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle,which need to be coordinated and be promoted with function as the leading factor by the provincial government at the higher level. In the future, the collaborative governance of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle needs to focus on the creation of collaborative mechanisms, optimization of spatial layout, and policy coordination and convergence, so as to jointly create a new pattern of collaborative governance of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle.

    • 经济创新与发展
    • KONG Qingyang, ZHANG Cheng, MIN Jisheng

      2021,27(2):67-81, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2020.10.003

      This paper analyzes the impact of geographic relationship to the information disclosure quality by employing the example of Shenzhen Stock Exchange listed company and the information disclosure results between 2005-2017. In sample time, the geographic relationship between the chairman and the general manager is universal, and the provincial geographic relationship accounts for an average of 55.51% annually, and it is increasing year by year. It is shown in Order Logit regression that geographic relationship has significant boost on the quality level of company information disclosure. In addition, the Logit regression shows the geographic relationship is more conducive to achieving the highest quality information disclosure. The further analysis indicatesthat the closer the geographic relationship, the more significant the impact on information disclosure; after controlling the alumni, relatives and endogeneity, the conclusion still holds. Full trust based on hometown conditions is the foundation of the geo-relationship effect. The farther the company is from their hometown, the stronger the homesickness and the stronger the geo-relationship effect; the combination of geo-relationship and equity incentives will significantly improve the quality of information disclosure and can positively regulate equity incentives effect. The high quality of information disclosure of state-owned enterprises has nothing to do with geographic relations. State-owned enterprises should find other ways to improve the quality of information disclosure, such as post-event accountability and strengthening the internal governance of state-owned enterprises.

    • WANG Guoyin, CHEN Chuanming

      2021,27(2):82-93, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2019.05.005

      After many years of development, the arbitrage space in the economic system is becoming smaller and smaller. The strategy of using social network to obtain information and key resources in the past is unsustainable, and it is necessary to find new ways. In the perspective of strategic cognition, this paper constructs a mediated moderation model based on social information processing theory and Upper Echelons Theory. By questionnaire investigation, 220 samples of company from 7 provinces and 1 municipality were surveyed. Hierarchical linear regression analysis based on the Bootstrapping of SPSS shows that strategic schema mediates the relationship between the indexes of social networks and strategic decision quality(SDQ). Both direct effects of social networks on strategic schema and indirect effects on SDQ via strategic schema are moderated by need for cognitive, such that higher levels of need for cognition enhance the positive effect. This research provides a theoretical basis for the new way of entrepreneurs to use social networks. The conclusions remind entrepreneurs to enhance the level of need for cognition, make full use of social networks, so as to improve their strategic cognition and quality of decision-making.

    • YAN Ling, WANG Shuai, YAN Min

      2021,27(2):94-108, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2019.06.002

      Contract flexibility and its analysis has been used in the construction project contract management widely. However, the existing research results have not agreed on the connotation and dimension of contract flexibility, which leads to insufficient empirical studies on project performance due to contract flexibility in construction project. Based on the whole process risk sharing perspective, this study determines the scale of contract flexibility with quantitative methods. Research shows that the contract flexibility can be divided into 3 dimensions: Price Flexibility, Control-right Flexibility and Renegotiation Flexibility. Among them, Price Flexibility is the contract terms corresponding to the initial risk sharing; Control-right Flexibility can transfer the control-right according to the environment corresponding to the risk re-sharing process; Renegotiation Flexibility is the re-contract to deal with the risk re-sharing in the contracting process. The results provide a complete analytical framework for the contract flexibility, and lay a theoretical foundation for the empirical research of the contract flexibility on the contractor's performance behavior.

    • YUAN Ye, MA Yanchao, TAO Yuxiang, WAN Xiaoyu

      2021,27(2):109-121, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jg.2019.09.002

      From the perspective of the three-dimensional analysis framework of supply, demand and environment, this paper takes 69 industrial policy documents related to artificial intelligence and intelligent manufacturing issued by the eastern, central and western regions of China during 2015-2018 as samples, and uses content analysis method to analyze various policies.The research shows that: on the whole, the issued industrial policies on artificial intelligence are mainly environmental policies and supply-oriented policies, while demand-oriented policies are relatively few.In terms of environmental policies, the eastern, central and western regions all attach importance to the important role of target planning in industrial development. In addition, the eastern region is mainly dominated by regulations and regulations, while the central region provides more financial support and the western region lays more emphasis on strategic measures.In terms of supply policy, the eastern and central regions pay attention to the use of policy tools related to human resource management, capital investment and scientific and technological infrastructure.In terms of demand-related policies, the eastern region encourages international cooperation and conducts trade control at the same time. Government procurement plays a greater role in the development of artificial intelligence industry in the central region, while the western region attaches more importance to the role of international cooperation in promoting industrial development.Finally, combined with the use of three types of policy tools, the paper puts forward policy suggestions for the future development of China's artificial intelligence industry.

    • 社科研究与评价
    • YU Bo, ZHAO Rongying, WANG Xu, LI Danyang

      2021,27(2):122-132, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.pj.2020.10.002

      In the era of big data, the traditional university evaluation system is relatively lagging behind, and it fails to objectively reflect the specific dynamic results of tracking and evaluating universities and realize the intelligent service of the evaluation system. The paper takes the tracking evaluation of double first-class universities as the starting point, and explores the construction of the tracking evaluation platform of "double first-class" universities driven by big data. Firstly, it combs the research status and hot trends of world-class universities and first-class disciplines at home and abroad, as well as related research on big data-driven and tracking evaluation, and clarifies the overall characteristics of world-class universities, first-class disciplines and big data tracking evaluation. Secondly, on the basis of summarizing the current research status at home and abroad, the focus is on the construction of a tracking evaluation platform for double-class universities driven by big data. Finally, it analyzes the function and role of the double first-class university tracking evaluation platform in depth. This research provides important support for building a "double first-class" university tracking evaluation system driven by big data, and provides an objective basis for multiple evaluation judgments and scientific decision-making.

    • 法学研究
    • WANG Dezheng

      2021,27(2):133-143, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2020.04.005

      Currently the application of biological identification information in our society shows a more and more increasing tendency. Biological identification information has its own particularity and social particularity, which decides that it has an importance which is different from common personal information of citizens, so it deserves to be specially protected by criminal law. However, there is not any form of special protection about biological identification information in current criminal law of China. Substantial interpretation method could be used to sufficiently take advantage of the two miscellaneous provisions of paragraph 1, item 10 and paragraph 2, item 4 in Article 5 of "Interpretation" of Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate under the premise of obeying principle of legality. We could consider "violating 5 or more pieces of biological identification information" as "gravity of the circumstances", and consider "violating 50 or more pieces of biological identification information" as "especially serious circumstances". By this way could the original quantities of conviction and promotion of legal penalty about biological identification information decrease. Finally, the special protection of biological identification information could be achieved.

    • HUO Junge

      2021,27(2):144-154, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2019.12.004

      At present, the existing one-size-fits-all, equalized cognitive models in determining criminal responsibility forms and boundaries of criminal responsibility for online live broadcast platforms in helping criminal behaviors must be changed to adopt a typed and individualized disposal model. According to the enthusiasm of online live broadcast platform in helping criminal behavior, the online live broadcast platform's help to the crime can be divided into simple inaction help to the criminal behavior, inaction to the criminal behavior after being ordered to be corrected, and acts to help criminal behavior. On this basis, we can further clarify the criminal responsibility forms and specific boundaries of online live broadcast platforms in helping criminal behavior. In the form of criminal responsibility, online live broadcast platform shall simply bear the accomplice responsibility for the crimes it is assisting; the helping behavior that fails to act after being ordered to correct shall bear the responsibility for the offender who refuses to perform the obligation of manage the information network security; as a helping act, the online live broadcast platform should, in principle, bear the responsibility of crime of helping cybercrime, and the exception should bear the accomplice responsibility of the crime helped. However, in charging criminal liability, if the simple inaction of online live broadcast platform establish a neutral business behavior, or if when being ordered to correct, the possibility of performing obligations or avoiding the results technically is lack, or if a helping act meets the conditions of non-prosecution, criminal punishment on the online live broadcast platform should be prevented.

    • LI Yufeng, DENG Sidi

      2021,27(2):155-165, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2020.04.012

      The rise of the third generation internet has formed a platform economy. Platform companies connect users around the world and change the structure of traditional industries. The platform economy has the characteristics of economies of scale, less idle, accurate pricing, and information dynamics. While providing convenience, the platform economy also brings more risks of intellectual property infringement. Existing research has focused on the regulation of platform companies on the liability for compensation after the damage. Due to the insufficient self-regulation of platform companies, the post-regulation model has limitations. In order to avoid the expansion of the risk of internet platforms infringing on intellectual property rights, a combination of post-regulation and pre-regulation, government regulation and platform enterprise autonomy, and law and industry norms are adopted. The model is more scientific.

    • LI Li

      2021,27(2):166-175, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2019.10.002

      The paper uses multiple methods, such as rules analyzing, policy value, case study and comparative methods to research the compensation rules of fund for risk compensation of intellectual property pledge to put forward improvement suggestions. The legislation focuses on how to ascertain the scope of compensation and how to facilitate the realization of intellectual property, the fund for risk compensation is account pledge and the platform has double legal status, however, such legislation still has shortcomings. Firstly, the scope of compensation is not accurate, i.e., it lacks definition of nature of the secured debt and lacks reasonable standard of getting compensation for pledger. Secondly, the function of platform does not get the point, including: the legal position of the platform as entrusted assessor is not confirmed, the obligation of the platform is not clear, the legal position of assisting in the disposal of pledge is not clear, and there is a lack of imputation mechanism. The improvement path includes: on the macro level, highlighting the non-monetary creditor's rights attribute of the compensation scope, making clear that the platform has the legal status of both evaluation trustee and intermediary; on the micro level, the scope of risk compensation is the balance between the appraisal price and liquidating price, when not ascertained, legal compensation should be used; the power towards the scope of risk compensation for fund managers should be cancelled, the status of platform as entrusted assessor should be confirmed, and the duties of online platform should be honest and diligence, meanwhile, the platform should be monitored.

    • MA Jing, YANG Tianhong

      2021,27(2):176-187, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2019.09.001

      Long-term care needs assessment is the link between financing and benefits of long-term care insurance, which directly determines the benefits and has an important impact on the financing of long-term care insurance. Now there are great differences in the design of long-term care needs assessment system in pilot areas in China. Though different experiences have been gained, regional segmentation is not conducive to social equity and social mobility. Based on the social insurance attributes of long-term care insurance, combined with social reality and local pilot, and drawing appropriate lessons from Germany, an overall long-term care needs assessment system should be designed. Through a normative form of "law + administrative regulations + departmental regulations", the assessment objects should be accurately positioned, the independent assessment subjects should be assigned, the assessment indicators and tools should be scientific designed, and the assessment procedures should be strictly specified, to ensure that the evaluation results are scientific, objective and fair. And benefits should be granted according to the classification of assessment results to realize the accurate flow of long-term care insurance resources.

    • WANG Pengpeng

      2021,27(2):188-199, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2020.05.006

      Online car hailing is a specific application of internet technology in the field of travel. The change of the purpose of the insured vehicle by the policyholder results in a significant increase in the risk degree of the insured object. There are different views on whether the insurer should bear the insurance liability in judicial practice and theoretical research. The applicant changes the purpose of the insured vehicle without authorization, which not only violates the insurance contract, but also destroys the consideration balance of the insurance contract. The obligation of noticing a significant increase in the risk level belongs to the contractual obligation, and the applicant shall notify the insurer in accordance with the provisions of the insurance contract. The contract agreement about significantly increased risk level belongs to the exemption clause, and the insurer should clearly explain the obligation, otherwise it will not have legal effect. The insurance law should introduce the principle of proportionality to adjust when facing the significantly increased risk of online car hailing. The application of proportionality principle in the insurance liability of online car hailing is the proportion compensation, which not only effectively alleviates the rigidity of the significant increase of the risk level without notice of adverse consequences, but also further corrects the consideration balance of the insurance contract to ensure the interest balance of all parties to the insurance contract.

    • 政治建设与社会治理
    • LIU Cheng

      2021,27(2):200-213, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.zs.2020.12.002

      The Communist Party of China attaches great importance to the ideological construction work. The evolution of ideology in the past century has been affected by many factors, among which, the basic national conditions, the principal social contradictions, the international situation, the law of ideology are the most important factor. The development course of the Party's ideological work over the past hundred years has been reviewed. Four important stages of ideological development and evolution are mainly including: during the revolutionary war, from the founding of the People's Republic of China to the reform and opening up, during the reform and opening up, and the ideological work in the new era. The following important experience of the Party's ideological construction is basically formed: adhering to Marxist guiding status is the basis for ideological work to follow, defending the Party's absolute leadership is the organization guarantee, conforming to China's basic national conditions is the evolution concept, adhering to unity of the Party spirit and people centered is the thought foundation, adhering to ideological struggle in harmony with mainstream ideology leading role is the method guidance, and integrating Chinese excellent traditional culture into ideological construction is the cultural source. It realizes the self-renewal and development innovation of ideological discourse system from revolutionary discourse to socialist construction discourse to comprehensively deepening reform discourse. Entering the new era, the Communist Party of China should dare to struggle and be good at struggling, and enrich ideological value, correct ideological bias, lead ideological development in the struggle, to gather the strongest ideological force for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, which is the logical purpose of the theoretical approach of the ideological work of the Party in the past century.

    • HU Bocheng, ZHU Yitian

      2021,27(2):214-224, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.zs.2020.11.001

      The theory of space production with capital and space as the axis contained in Das Kapital is an important guiding theory for social and economic development with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and provides important theoretical support for the construction of the "dual circulation" development pattern. In the historical process of revolution, construction, and reform, the Communist Party of China has accumulated valuable historical experience and lessons around the development of space production, especially the space production in urban and rural areas, ecology, and culture in the new era, which provides a way for the construction of the "dual circulation" development pattern, nourished by important experience. Based on Marx's space production theory and China's space production practice, we must examine the construction of the "dual circulation" development pattern, must deeply explore the consumption space of the domestic market, pay attention to the development of emerging industries such as ecology and culture, and fully implement the development strategy of technological innovation, so as to continuously provides economic space for constructing the new development pattern.

    • WANG Shiyong, FAN Wenbo

      2021,27(2):225-236, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.zs.2020.01.002

      The algorithmic news has reconstructed the journalism and communication ecology, but also exposed some ethical problems, the core of which is the contradiction between "algorithmic black box" and the principle of news transparency, the contradiction between "algorithmic hegemony" and media justice, and the conflict between "algorithm manipulation" and delegated trust. To solve the ethical problems caused by algorithmic news, it is necessary to make clear that algorithmic news is a non-human "network actor", but not an independent ethical actor, and "human" is the main responsibility subject of algorithmic news. The logical starting point of algorithmic news governance should return to the benign interaction among technology, human and society. Algorithmic news governance should take "good" as the bottom line ethics and "up" as the responsibility for the free and comprehensive development of human beings and the orderly and healthy operation of society. Algorithmic news governance needs to establish a multi-agent collaborative governance system: the government should play a good role as a rule maker, process controller and bottom line controller; the platform institutions should bear the main responsibility of algorithmic news governance; the public should consciously avoid the blind or passive phenomenon in news consumption; the traditional media should strictly enforce the professional check and audit mechanism, and refuse the news production catering to human weakness and inertia. The common responsibility of the public and traditional media is to correct, improve and supervise the algorithm news.

    • 人文论坛
    • HONG Yiyi

      2021,27(2):237-247, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.rw.2020.12.002

      The Great Divergence: Europe, China, and the Making of the Modern World Economy written by Kenneth Pomeranz has been published nearly 20 years. Tremendous repercussions were aroused from the time it came out. Even in recent years, great divergence is one of the hottest topic among academia. As one of the typical research objects, China issue is the core of the debates, and Chinese academia naturally becomes the main position of controversy. The tendency of decentralization, the selection of comparative units, and the cause of great divergence are the three key points of the debates. Lots of scholars have published relevant articles. At the beginning, most of comments stayed at the level of criticism and reflection. With the deepening of discussion and research, a large number of specific research emerged. Overall, debates on great divergence among Chinese academia keep on escalating and show a transition trend from theoretical debates to empirical studies. It is a process of combination between new paradigm and academic practice as well as a process of deepening academic exchanges between Chinese and international academia.

    • SUN Jinghao, LU Junjun

      2021,27(2):248-263, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.rw.2020.12.001

      The perspective and approach of environmental history can provide new incentives to the studies of Jiangnan regional history. The original natural settings of southeast China due to its location preliminarily conditioned the pattern and orientation of the hydraulic-initiated regional agriculture and civilization. In imperial Chinese history full with unification and division as well as fluctuation, the rich resources of the middle and lower Yangzi Valley had manifested its increasing supremacy, leading to rising economic prominence which steadily surpassed the earlier thoroughly developed Yellow River Valley during the Age of Division, thus in contrast with the continuing political importance in the north. The late imperial era saw mature environmental, economic and cultural complex, demonstrating highest productivity in the national context, and certain pretty humanized landscape resulted from reciprocal nature-human dynamics in certain temporal & spatial continuum. Notwithstanding, the "Jiangnan way" of development noted for exploiting the earth had caused more and more negative ecological consequences, and furthermore its incipient "progressiveness" meant least significance in the grand unified empire's politico-economic framework as well as dynastic cycles, nothing approaching the so-called "English model".

    • 教育研究
    • YU Lei, CHEN Weidong, LI Jingqian

      2021,27(2):264-277, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jy.2020.10.003

      Promoting the normalization, systematization and long-term effect of ecological civilization education is the key content of ecological civilization construction in the new era. It is also an important breakthrough for carrying out the basic task of moral cultivation in education, accelerating the construction of "double first class", and promoting the all-round development of students' morality, intelligence, physical education, beauty and labor. Ecological civilization education in universities is different from public ecological civilization education, and the education in universities has special internal multi-dimensional influence paths. On the basis of the current situation and influence mechanism of ecological civilization education in universities, the study constructs a multi-dimensional influence logical path model of ecological civilization education in universities, analyzes the internal mechanism that affects the level of ecological civilization education in universities, and does empirically test based on 1,239 questionnaires collected in universities in Tianjin. The conclusions show that the attention paid to ecological civilization is positively related to the systematization of ecological civilization education; the integrity of the teaching system is positively related to the regularization of ecological civilization education; situational factors will stimulate or hinder the long-term effect of ecological civilization education in universities; the regularization, systematization and long-term effect of ecological civilization education is positively related to the practice of ecological civilization behavior of students. The study proposes effective ways to improve ecological civilization education in universities.

    • CHEN Cailie, CHEN Tao, LIN Jianjun, LI Wei

      2021,27(2):278-288, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jy.2020.06.001

      The Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the CPC has made clear the great significance and basic requirements of promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity. To improve the governance system of entrepreneurship education and enhance the governance ability of entrepreneurship education is necessary for promoting the modernization of national governance. A questionnaire survey is conducted to know about the current status of entrepreneurship education governance in western universities. Problems including little attention to entrepreneurship education, vague and general entrepreneurship courses, poor entrepreneurial atmosphere and utilitarian education goals exist in some western universities. Several suggestions are put forward, including changing the concept of talent training, improving the level of teachers, carrying out a "theory + practice" multi-disciplinary entrepreneurship curriculum system and entrepreneurship training programs, and enhancing the cultural atmosphere in campus, to improve the governance ability of innovation and entrepreneurship education in universities, break through the weak links in the reform of entrepreneurship education, and enhance the innovative spirit and entrepreneurial ability of college students.

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