玻璃幕墙传热系数计算方法及工程应用
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“十二五”科技支撑计划(2011BAJ08B10)


Computation Method and for Thermal Transmittance of Glass Curtain walls Appllcation
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    摘要:

    在研究玻璃幕墙热传递特点的基础上,基于一维稳态热传导理论,以中空玻璃为例建立了玻璃系统传热系数计算模型;基于二维稳态热传导理论和有限单元法,采用三节点三角形单元对二维温度场进行了离散,推导了单元热传导矩阵和温度载荷列阵,并推导了热对流、热流密度、辐射以及各种边界条件耦合作用下对单元热传导矩阵和温度载荷列阵的修正公式,建立了玻璃幕墙框及附加线传热系数计算模型。利用Visual C++和ObjectARX对AutoCAD进行了二次开发,研发了玻璃幕墙传热系数计算软件TJCW,并通过算例与LBNL系列软件计算结果进行比较,验证了所编软件的正确性和有效性。最后对某工程实例中玻璃幕墙传热系数进行了节能验算。研究结果表明:建立的传热系数计算模型能够正确的计算玻璃幕墙传热系数,基于该计算模型开发出的软件能够应用于实际工程的节能分析和计算中。

    Abstract:

    The heat conduction characteristic of glass curtain wall was investigated. Based on one dimensional steady heat conduction theory, the numerical calculation model of glass system thermal transmittance was set up by using insulating glass as an example. Based on two dimensional steady heat conduction theory and finite element method, both the thermal transfer matrix and temperature load array of 3 DOFs triangular element were derived. Then the revised formulas about the heat transfer matrix and temperature load array under the boundary conditions of constant heat flux, heat convective, radiation and coupled of them were also derived. Then the numerical calculation models of glass curtain wall frame and linear thermal transmittance were set up. The program TJCW based on the Visual C++ and ObjectARX was developed for calculating the thermal transmittance of glass curtain wall and was validated by contrast with the results calculated by thermal software LBNL. Finally, TJCW program was used to calculate and check the thermal transmittance of glass curtain wall in a practical project. The results indicate that the thermal transmittance of glass curtain wall can be calculated correctly by adopting the presented model, and the program based on this model can be used in energy conservation calculation and analysis in the actual projects.

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雷克,吴杰,张其林,庞绍华.玻璃幕墙传热系数计算方法及工程应用[J].土木与环境工程学报(中英文),2013,35(2):66-72.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2013-04-24
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