桥梁信息化及智能桥梁2019年度研究进展
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国家自然科学基金(51878563)


State-of-the-art review of bridge informatization and intelligent bridge in 2019
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    摘要:

    伴随全球科技创新呈现出的信息化、智能化发展趋势,传统桥梁工程的革新也迎来新的机遇,打造日趋智能化、高精度化的桥梁结构势必成为未来的发展方向,深刻变革桥梁设计、建造和养维护的全生命周期。为掌握该领域研究动态和发展趋势,从桥梁信息化、智能检测、高性能智能材料以及智能防灾减灾等方面,综述了2019年该领域研究现状,并对后续发展方向及研究重点进行展望。分析表明:BIM技术可以显著提高桥梁的生产效率、性能水平和建养管一体化水平,数字孪生概念随着5G技术的发展也逐渐引入桥梁管养领域;无人机、机器人等智能检测技术与计算机视觉、大数据、深度学习等智能算法使得桥梁检测手段不断丰富,检测精度和效率不断提高;高性能智能材料的研发应用为桥梁智能化发展提供了强大助力,人工智能技术的发展也为结构防灾和行车防灾带来新的思路。未来应围绕“桥梁信息化及智能桥梁”这个主题开展核心理论创新、技术装备攻关和工程示范应用,以更好地支撑国家重大发展战略、保障桥梁安全长寿。

    Abstract:

    With the global trend of informationization and intelligence in development of scientific and technological innovation, bridge engineering faces new opportunities for innovation. There is a trend of developing intelligent and high-precision bridges, which may profoundly transform the whole life cycle of bridge design, construction and maintenance. To reveal the progress and trend in this field, this paper reviews related research worldwide in 2019, with regard to bridge informatization, intelligent inspection, high-performance intelligent materials, and intelligent disaster prevention/mitigation, and proposes prospects of future research opportunities. According to the review, BIM technologies can significantly improve the productivity, performance, and integration of construction, maintenance and management of bridges. With the development of 5G technology, digital twinning has been introduced into the field of bridge management and maintenance. Intelligent inspection technologies (e.g. UAV and robots) and intelligent algorithms (e.g. computer vision, big data, and deep learning) continuously enrich bridge monitoring methods and improve the accuracy and efficiency. Development and applications of high-performance intelligent construction materials have provided strong thrusts to the development of intelligent bridges. Development of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies bring new approaches for disaster prevention of structures and transportation. To support national development strategies and ensure safety and durability of bridges, future research should focus on the theme of "bridge informatization and intelligence" to carry out theoretical innovation, technical research and engineering applications.

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勾红叶,杨彪,华辉,谢蕊,刘畅,刘雨,蒲黔辉.桥梁信息化及智能桥梁2019年度研究进展[J].土木与环境工程学报(中英文),2020,42(5):14-27.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-04-01
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-12
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