School of Civil Engineering,Southwest Jiaotong University
With the advent of digital era characterized by informatization and intelligence, the development and innovation of bridge engineering technology are promoted. It is necessary to integrate cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence, 3D printing, robot and other strategic emerging industrial technologies with bridge engineering, and promote the industrialization, digitization and intelligent upgrading of bridges from multiple dimensions such as intelligent design, construction, operation and maintenance. This paper reviews related frontier technologies and important achievements worldwide in 2020, with regard to bridge informatization, intelligent inspection, safety operation and maintenance, intelligent disaster prevention/mitigation, intelligent materials, and summarizes the research hotspots and prospects. According to the review, BIM technologies can improve the refinement of bridge forward design, the accuracy of construction process control and management. Intelligent inspection technologies (e.g. UAV and robots) and artificial intelligence technologies (e.g. machine learning and convolution neural network) improve the accuracy and efficiency of bridge inspection and monitoring. Applications of high-performance intelligent materials promotes the self-perception, self-adaptability, self-adjustment and self-diagnosis of bridge. Natural disaster monitoring and early warning based on artificial intelligence (AI) provides new development idea for bridge intelligent disaster prevention. To conform to the development trend of informatization and intelligence, future research should deeply integrate artificial intelligence technology into the whole life cycle of bridge design, construction and maintenance to realize the dream of bridge power.