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亚热带地区自然通风体育馆室内热舒适范围
李晋1,2, 卢频1,2, 郑海林1,2
1.华南理工大学 建筑学院;2.亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室, 广州 510000
摘要:
以广州地区自然通风体育馆为研究对象,用问卷和实测的方式分别采集了建筑内运动人群及观众人群的热感觉投票值和室内外热环境参数,初步建立了这两类人群的适应性热舒适模型和对应的热舒适范围。并通过对比,分析了两类人群的适应性热舒适模型和热舒适范围的区别。研究结果表明:自然通风体育馆室内运动人群的热敏感度0.326 6要小于观众人群的热敏感度0.379 9;运动人群和观众人群的中性操作温度都随着室外温度的升高而升高,前者中性操作温度高于后者,差值在0.80~1.48℃之间;运动人群和观众人群热舒适范围的上下限都随着室外温度的升高而升高,前者热舒适范围的下限与后者相似,但是前者热舒适范围的上限比后者高,差值在1.86~2.48℃之间。
关键词:  自然通风  体育馆  热舒适  热舒适模型  运动人群
DOI:10.11835/j.issn.2096-6717.2019.108
分类号:TU111.3
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51878280);十三五国家重点研发计划(No.2016YFC0700200)
Indoor thermal comfort range of naturally ventilated sports buildings in the subtropical regions
Li Jin1,2, Lu Pin1,2, Zheng Hailin1,2
1.School of Architecture;2.State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Building Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510000, P. R. China
Abstract:
Naturally ventilated sports buildings in Guangzhou were taken as studied object in this study, and the parameters of indoor thermal environment and the thermal sensation votes of exercising people and spectators were collected by field measurement and questionnaires respectively. The adaptive thermal comfort models and comfort ranges of these two groups of people were initially established and then compared. The results showed that the thermal sensitivity of exercising people in the natural ventilation sports building is 0.326 6, which is lower than that of spectators (0.379 9). The neutral temperature of exercising people and spectators increases with the increasing of outdoor air temperature, which of the former is 0.80℃ to 1.48℃higher than that of the latter. And the upper and lower limits of thermal comfort range of exercising people and spectators increase with the increasing of outdoor air temperature, and the lower limits of thermal comfort range of the former is similar as that of the latter, while the upper limits of thermal comfort range of the former is 1.86℃ to 2.48℃ higher than that of the latter.
Key words:  natural ventilation  sports building  thermal comfort  thermal comfort model  exercising people
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