With the acceleration of urbanization, the development of urban underground space has become larger and deeper. Thus, a large number of new urban engineering geological problems have emerged. The present model and content of the course of urban engineering geology cannot meet the national urban construction theme and social needs. Based on the teaching and scientific research experience of urban engineering geology, this paper puts forward a characteristic teaching system based on the knowledge system of classical engineering geology and urban geology, supplemented by the application-oriented engineering cases at home and abroad, taking information platform as communication and learning means, taking problem-oriented group learning as teaching assistant means, and making full use of social resources to promote practical teaching. The main role of students and the leading role of teachers can be brought into full play. The new curriculum system is conducive to improving students' learning ability and initiative, helping students to obtain the latest scientific research results of the subject, and the teaching effect is good.