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    Volume 30,2021 Issue 1
    • ZHANG Donghai, GAO Penghui, HUANG Jianen, WANG Yijiang, WEI Jingsheng

      2021,30(1):1-9, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.001

      Emerging engineering education is vital in building up a strong China in higher education and meeting the challenges of economic development, industrial transformation and global competition. Based on the advantages and feature resources in traditional engineering discipline and the new development requirements in emerging engineering education, the integrated interdisciplinary teaching mode of building environment and energy engineering is explored and in practice. The main measures include orientation of talents cultivation characteristics, development of integrated interdisciplinary curriculum system, construction of teaching staffs with multidisciplinary background, establishment of diversified practical platforms through collaboration, combination of research innovation and science and technology competition with teaching and learning, and implementation of China-International education collaboration. A characteristic training mode of interdisciplinary integration of building environment and energy engineering is formed and innovative practice of the training mode has achieved good results.

    • WU He, SUN Xujie, YANG Yang, ZHANG Xuhong, DONG Yanqiu, WANG Weiming

      2021,30(1):10-16, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.002

      Facing the development needs of emerging engineering education and construction industry, talent cultivation plan of civil engineering major of Intelligent Construction College built based on school-enterprise cooperation by Heilongjiang Institute of Technology is researched. Training objective is established to meet the demand of building industrialization and intellectualization, and the curriculum system adapting to the transformation and upgrading of civil engineering specialty in local universities is constructed including engineering general education platform, professional foundation platform of civil engineering, new technology and interdisciplinary module, engineering and social module, innovation and entrepreneurship module, and intelligent construction module. A "3+1" training mode based on multi-agent cooperation is adopted which introducing enterprises to participate in education. Taking the Intelligent Construction College as the carrier, practical research is carried out to cultivate application-oriented undergraduate talents who adapt to the development of industrialization, digitization, and intellectualization of construction and are needed by enterprises, and it works well.

    • 专业建设与人才培养
    • HUANG Zhuangwei

      2021,30(1):17-25, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.003

      Since 2000, with the rapid development of national economy, China has set off a new upsurge of architecture major. As a new major in local universities, architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology takes national professional evaluation standard as the program, regional culture and local construction demand in southwest Fujian as the support, and "reform, opening up, practice and service" as the guideline. An architecture professional system of local universities integrating teaching, scientific research and service has been established, and it passed the national education evaluation of architecture major of universities in 2018 and became the first-class discipline construction point in Fujian. Through the comprehensive combing of the construction process of architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology, the paper explores an effective path and method for the construction of professional system of architecture major in local colleges and universities, to provide ideas for the construction of discipline system of architecture major in local universities.

    • JIANG Fei, YANG Qianqian

      2021,30(1):26-33, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.004

      In order to meet the challenge of the fourth industrial revolution, China has implemented the excellence program 2.0 to continuously promote the development of engineering education. As a traditional engineering specialty, civil engineering needs to actively connect with excellence program 2.0 to realize the upgrading and transformation of traditional specialty, and cultivate excellent engineering talents to adapt to the new situation. The top-level design of talent training program outlines the blueprint of talent training from the professional school-running objectives, personnel training specifications, and curriculum system. Based on the comparative study of talent training programs of eight universities, such as Changsha University of Science and Technology, South China University of Technology, and Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, this paper analyzes the degree of fit between the eight universities and excellence program 2.0 and puts forward suggestions for optimizing the talent training program from the aspects of talent training goal orientation, interdisciplinary integration form, international talent training mode, school enterprise cooperation form, etc.

    • XU Jianhe, YAN Jun, OUYANG Guohui, HE Chuan

      2021,30(1):34-42, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.005

      Based on the background of emerging engineering education, following the education concept of perception and practice, an undergraduate education system of architecture with the characteristics of local universities and the characteristics of the times is built aiming at innovative consciousness and practical ability. This paper explores the mode and overall reform scheme of undergraduate talents cultivation of architecture specialty in local universities and constructs a cooperative cultivation system and curriculum system oriented by the goal of strengthening design and practical ability. Combining with the current situation of local colleges and universities, it strives to achieve the goal of training compound and applied talents of architecture for local economic construction.

    • FANG Cheng, WANG Wei, YANG Xinyue

      2021,30(1):43-48, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.006

      In order to actively meet the demands of diversified development of the engineering industry, and to cater to the "Made in China 2025", "Industry 4.0" and other national strategic plans, this paper deeply explores the training connotation of civil engineering intelligent structures mini-curriculum and explains the urgency and necessity of the implementation of such courses. The teaching reform should be carried out with the objectives of internationalization and diversification and build a multi-disciplinary cross training curriculum system, teaching methods, and curriculum assessment system. This study forms the basis for the new teaching model and method and for the establishment of the knowledge system of intelligent structure mini curriculum

    • CHEN Liping, YAN Chengchu, GONG Yanfeng, LU Qingsong, ZHOU Bin

      2021,30(1):49-55, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.007

      The demands of the development of modern building industry for talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty after the implementation of civil engineering category enrollment are analyzed. The capacities of high-quality talents of building environment and energy application engineering with competitiveness and great potential for future development are investigated. The efficient ways for talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty in civil engineering category are shown. It is pointed out that the professional education of building environment and energy application engineering should broaden the field of vision, rely on hot events at home and abroad to expand professional publicity and enhance students’ professional identity. The importance of teaching idea change from knowledge-transference to ability training and the necessary of a personnel training system including innovative technology such as big data are explained. The suggestions for solving knowledge link-up between courses by using internet instructional software are proposed. The effect of establishment of training system for innovation and entrepreneurship is discussed. The hierarchical training programs for cultivating students’ ability to solve complex engineering problems in guiding graduation project are presented.

    • 专业学位与研究生教育
    • XIAO Jianzhuang, XU Rong, XI Yonghui, XU Wei

      2021,30(1):56-61, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.008

      It has been 20 years for Tongji University starting the first session of part-time Master of Engineering since September 1998. The spirt of "serving the national strategy, connecting with the industry, leading the future development, and always for students" is held and the cultivation of part-time master student in the major of construction in civil engineering is becoming more and more mature. Focusing on the training characteristics of part-time Master of Engineering, confronting the difficulties and problems in the process of teaching and supervising, the paper carries out a series of innovation and exploration and gives full play to the radiation and incentive effects of Tongji University culture and the excellent tradition of civil engineering in Tongji University. A long-term cultivation mechanism of "requirements serving, accurate docking, collaborative education, and double wins" is built. It has achieved good implementation effect and social benefits, and cultivated many application-oriented, compound, and high-level engineering technology and engineering management talents for the national construction industry.

    • YU Xiaoping, JU Fali, LIU Liying

      2021,30(1):62-69, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.009

      In the new era, the cultivation of Master of Engineering needs to adapt to the talent demand of national innovation and development. The key ability of full-time Master of Engineering is engineering practice ability. The construction of engineering practice ability training system is an important measure to ensure the education quality of Master of Engineering. In view of the current situation of engineering master’s practice education in general colleges and universities, this paper analyzes the main reasons for the weakness of engineering ability training through literature review, questionnaire survey, and case study. Based on the basic laws of engineering ability composition and engineering master’s personnel training, it is suggested that the quality of engineering practice education should be improved by the following ways: strengthening the whole process engineering education thought, cultivating engineering system thinking by offering engineering guidance course for engineering postgraduates, constructing industry-academic collaboration engineering practice base, and setting up undergraduate-postgraduate linkage practice curriculum system. The training approach of engineering postgraduates’ innovative consciousness and engineering ability to face the ability demand of industry development and engineering post is put forward. The strategy of engineering practice education put forward in this paper can be used as a reference for the education reform and practice of Master of Engineering.

    • WANG Yingmi, WEI Ruirui

      2021,30(1):70-75, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.010

      At present, China’s graduate education has developed rapidly and the enrollment scale has been expanding continuously, but at the same time there are many problems in graduate education and alienation of teacher-student relationship is one of the typical problems. From the perspective of Simmel’s "boundary theory", this paper finds that the "ambiguous boundary between power and responsibility, interests and actions" is an important reason for the alienation of the teacher-student relationship. Therefore, it is the key to prevent and dissolve the alienation of teacher-student relationship by perfecting the system norms of teacher-student relationship, advocating the concept of equal interaction between teachers and students, and then constructing a clear boundary.

    • 中外建筑教育比较
    • CHEN Dan, LIN Yaoguang, ZHU Xuemei

      2021,30(1):76-87, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.011

      Renewal/reuse of buildings (built environment) has become a very important and common work in contemporary architecture industry. The transformation from new building to reusing and from protection to revitalization puts forward new requirements for current architectural education. It also makes related courses of architectural history and architectural design in traditional architectural education face urgent challenges. Faculty of Architecture and Built Environment (BK) of Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands has made a long-term exploration through reforming the history courses and embedding heritage value oriented architectural design minors, and has accumulated mature and edge-cutting experiences: integrating theoretical history education and designing education by regarding design as the goal of history education while taking heritage value evaluation as the guide and judgment standards of designing to cultivate the capabilities of students to do designing/planning in the historical and socio-cultural context. The course contents, teaching characteristics, and specific processes are fully analyzed in this paper to provide a reference for the innovation of domestic (architectural) education.

    • 课程建设与教学改革
    • LIU Lin, YANG Na

      2021,30(1):88-95, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.012

      It is of great practical significance to develop English teaching for core curricula in civil engineering major in a bid to cultivate high-quality professionals adapting to the development of globalization. The course of fundamentals of concrete structures possesses the characteristics of scientific, engineering and practice which is representative in the courses of civil engineering. Taking this course as an example, the pilot practice of English teaching in the bilingual course for students in MAO Yisheng Class and English course for international students in Beijing Jiaotong University is introduced. In compliance with the basic requirements of engineering education certification, the teaching notion, content, means, methods, course project, and grading policy are reformed aiming at strengthening English thinking and application of the two groups of students with distinct traits. The practice shows that the English course project helps to improve students’ professional English application ability in an all-round way and the online communication platform of teachers and students with the help of information teaching method effectively sparks students’ motivation and initiative in learning. Based on the pilot teaching experience, suggestions for the sustainable improvement of the courses are proposed.

    • MA Le, LI Nan, GUO Maoyun

      2021,30(1):96-104, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.013

      This paper creates a course quality ecosystem based on the teaching life cycle of course initiation, quality planning, quality assurance, quality control, and course conclusion. The responsibility matrix of the teaching and learning community is established, and quality assurance services are implemented. In the course initiation phase, the course requirements are elaborated and defined based on the course planning process of the University of Miami. Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives is employed to identify the course objectives, based on which the process of teaching and learning is evaluated and the course quality plan is developed. Value chain analysis is adopted to interpret the appreciation and depreciation of teaching activities and evaluate the contribution of these activities to teaching value. In the course quality control phase, diversified assessment methods and practice strategies are developed, and importance is attached to students’ learning process through the two types of formative assessment—assessment for learning and assessment as learning. At the course conclusion phase, multi-channel feedbacks are adopted such as teacher-teacher, teacher-student and third-party feedbacks. Taking learning engagement as an important factor to measure the effectiveness of the course quality ecosystem, data analysis shows that students have a high degree of recognition in terms of course satisfaction and learning performance.

    • YAN Lewei, LIANG Yingjing, SUN Zuoyu

      2021,30(1):105-110, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.014

      The concept of MOOC and "flipped classroom" are one of the emphases of current education and teaching reformation in China. However, according to the existing practical experience, there are some theoretical and practical issues remained to be paid attention to and solved urgently in the implementation of MOOC and "flipped classroom". The teaching concept of MOOC and "flip classroom" are discussed in depth. Combined with the "flipped classroom" teaching practice and research of theoretical mechanics. A set of "flipped classroom" teaching theories of basic courses for science and engineering majors are established and applied to the teaching practice, which is beneficial to make a positive contribution to deepening education and teaching reform as well as improving the quality of personnel training in higher education of China.

    • XU Jing

      2021,30(1):111-116, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.015

      China is in a critical period of coordinating and promoting the rural vitalization strategy and the new urbanization strategy. It is essential for colleges to grasp the important tools to break the urban-rural dualism pattern and explore the reconstruction and expansion of urban design of small towns in the interdisciplinary teaching system. Urban design of small towns course in Fujian Normal University is committed to cultivating undergraduate key competence. Starting from the three dimensions of cultural foundation, independent development, and social participation, FGCPP curriculum teaching model focuses on flip classroom, group discussion, classic reading, practice teaching and project driven, which provides reference and inspiration for revealing the characteristics of "Chinese design" more profoundly.

    • CHI Yin, XU Lihua, LIU Sumei

      2021,30(1):117-123, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.016

      According to the Implementation Plan of the Ministry of Education on the Construction of First Class Undergraduate Courses, the "Double 10000 Plan" for the construction of first-class courses includes online, offline, online and offline hybrid, virtual simulation, and social practice courses with characteristics of high level, innovation and challenge. Based on the national excellent resource sharing course "concrete structure and masonry structure design" of Wuhan University, this paper discusses the solutions to the outstanding problems in the course of principle of concrete structure design that is fully delivered by English. MOOC courses are established and full-English online and offline blended teaching methods are explored and practice, which provide guarantee for improving the full-English teaching quality of civil engineering courses.

    • 实践教学与创新教育
    • ZHANG Xue, QI Yongzheng, ZENG Wenjie, CHEN Sanbo

      2021,30(1):124-129, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.017

      The construction of emerging engineering education puts forward new and higher level requirements for the training of engineering talents in colleges and universities. As a traditional engineering major, the civil engineering major needs to explore the reform of practical teaching system in this situation. Focusing on the connotation of emerging engineering education and the training goal of civil engineering, this paper explores the reform of the practical teaching system of civil engineering. Based on the analysis of the current situation of practical teaching, this paper reorganizes all kinds of experimental courses and practical training of the major, integrates the innovation concept of emerging engineering, forms four teaching modules/platforms which contain course experiment, centralized design, centralized practice, and innovation and entrepreneurship, and three levels of practical teaching containing basic cognition, comprehensive application, and research innovation, and constructs a practical teaching system of civil engineering with "one main line, four platforms and three levels", aiming to provide reference for the cultivation of innovative, cross and compound high-quality engineering and technical talents .

    • LI Jun, LI Xiaodong, CUI Yifei, ZHANG Peng, QU Chengping

      2021,30(1):130-136, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.018

      In order to strengthen the cultivation of students’ professional interest, application and innovation ability, and practical ability to solve complex engineering problems, the ideas of the construction and application of virtual simulation experimental teaching resources serving the triple-leveled professional curriculum system namely the "core-direction-expansion" curriculum system of civil engineering are proposed. The three-level curriculum system has the characteristics of connecting theoretical teaching with practical teaching, and engineering practice with experimental teaching. The course of comprehensive experiment of civil engineering (including virtual simulation) with the characteristics of virtual-real combination is newly established which contains the experimental teaching content urgently needed by civil engineering majors and adapts to the new characteristics of college students’ growth and new laws of education and teaching in the information age. Relying on the national-level experimental teaching demonstration center, the national-level virtual simulation experimental teaching project, and a number of teaching research and teaching reform subjects, the virtual simulation experimental resource library serving the triple-leveled curriculum system is built with the "golden course" standard of virtual simulation, and the three-dimensional teaching resources are constructed combined with virtual simulation projects, courses construction, and teaching material construction.

    • LIN Nan, ZHANG Wenchun, LI Weidong, LIU Yongji

      2021,30(1):137-144, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.019

      Problems existing in the transformation and development of local undergraduate universities, such as practical teaching being subordinated to theory teaching, practical teaching being not concentrated, and the time of students’ practice training and participation in engineering practice being lacking, are analyzed and discussed. Combined with the standards of engineering education certification, a practical teaching system throughout 8 semesters and 4 academic years is constructed with students’ practical ability as the core and ability increment as the goal. The dominant position of practical teaching is guaranteed through the reform of talent training mode, the construction of dual-teacher faculty, the innovation of school-enterprise cooperation mechanism, and the evaluation of goal achievement. The research results can accelerate the integration between the goal of training applied talents and the construction of curriculum system, and comprehensively improve the ability of professional service for regional economic and social development. It is a beneficial attempt to reform the practical teaching mode of surveying and mapping engineering.

    • DAI Shiyu, ZHANG Xiongwu, SUN Yunfei, ZHOU Jianxiang

      2021,30(1):145-150, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.020

      At present, the cultivation of innovation and entrepreneurship ability has become one of the main tasks of talent training in colleges and universities in the new era. School of Electronic and Information Engineering of Suzhou University of Science and Technology has adopted the student research training center as an important platform for college students to promote innovation and entrepreneurship ability. Adopting a group and team cooperation model, carrying out capacity training centered on scientific research projects, and implementing a variety of innovative quality training methods and mechanisms, students’ innovative awareness and entrepreneurial spirit are cultivated. and the current extensive teaching mode. It not only fills the gap of the current extensive teaching mode in the cultivation of students’ quality, but also plays a role in promoting the improvement of university students’ scientific research ability and innovation and entrepreneurship, and the development of scientific research in universities.

    • WANG Yi, ZHU Kai

      2021,30(1):151-160, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.021

      Engineering education accreditation system is very significant for ensuring the quality of undergraduate engineering education. In addition, the evaluation of graduation requirements achievement is an important segment and core content of the system. Based on the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, a three-level evaluation system including teaching procedure, supporting curriculum and graduation requirement index points is constructed. A case of graduation requirement index points named research capabilities is conducted on the basis of civil engineering specialty in Henan University of Urban Construction. According to the results, the graduation requirements achievement could be demonstrated and the weak items during the three evaluating procedure could be found respectively. The feasibility and applicability of the evaluation system is proved and it makes preparations for the application of graduation requirements achievement evaluation in engineering education accreditation.

    • YANG Wansheng, LIU Lin, GAO Yunfei, WANG Zhangyuan, YAN Biao, WANG Xiaoxia, ZHENG Ruiyun

      2021,30(1):161-166, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.022

      Construction environment and energy application engineering is a major with strong engineering applicability which mainly trains students to be able to engage in industrial and civil construction environment control and energy supply. According to the requirements of engineering certification, each factor of the graduation requirements control index points of construction environment should be calculated according to the training objectives and curriculum system by weight coefficient. At present, due to the short time of engineering certification in China, professional teachers still lack the knowledge, understanding and grasp of the calculation method of relevant weight coefficient, which is not conducive to the teaching under the goal of professional engineering certification and does not meet the professional development requirements of engineering certification. On the basis of engineering certification standard, this paper analyzes the relationship between graduation requirement index points and supporting courses of construction environment. By using AHP, the judgment matrix of index points and supporting courses is established and the weight coefficients of each index point factor are calculated and analyzed, and the weight coefficients of different index points of graduation requirement are obtained. At the same time, the weight coefficient obtained by AHP is compared with that obtained by credit method, and the advantages and disadvantages of each calculation method are pointed out, in order to promote the engineering certification of construction environment specialty.

    • 高校管理与思政教育
    • XING Xiaoqin

      2021,30(1):167-172, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.023

      Ideological and political course in colleges is the key course to carry out the fundamental task of moral education. In order to improve the teaching quality of ideological and political education in colleges and truly realize the classroom revolution, we must explore the classroom model adapting to the ideological and political education in colleges in the new era. Firstly, the endogenous demand of ideological and political courses in colleges is clarified. On this basis, ecological teaching thinking science is integrated into ideological and political courses, with problem design as the core and ecological subject enjoying sense of acquisition as the center, to construct a "problem based" ecological classroom model. This mode can fully realize the two-way "sense of acquisition" between teachers and students, so as to better realize the innovation of ideological and political course teaching mode in colleges.

    • LI Wei, ZHANG Jingyu, JIANG Qiushi, ZHU Tianwei

      2021,30(1):173-181, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.024

      Based on the opportunity of transformation of architecture major to application-oriented specialty in Shenyang University of Technology, relying on the practice teaching curriculum reform, this paper explores the thought and method of ideological and political origin in the teaching process and puts forward a new model of education which combines professional education with ideological and political education, that is, creating an architectural practice teaching platform that keeps pace with times and is updated in real time, establishing two ideological and political teaching lines and promoting social values from different historical time lines and multiple perspectives, constructing a three-time and three-space ideological and political teaching environment, and promoting the orderly penetration of four-in-one teaching links and ensuring the full range of personnel involved in the course. After three years of practice, the teaching effect is remarkable, which can provide foundation and construction direction for the ideological and political work of relevant professional courses.

    • XU Tengfei, YANG Cheng, ZHAO Renda, FU Haiying, LIU Xueyi, DENG Kailai

      2021,30(1):182-189, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.025

      The fusion approach of ideological and political education into specialty courses, which has a high ratio of credits, determines the success in building up the ideological and political education system. Meanwhile, it is a challenge for the civil engineering teachers to fuse the ideological and political elements into specialty courses seamlessly and educates students naturally. Design principle of concrete structures is taken as an example to discuss the aims, strong points, and fusion approach of ideological and political education in specialty courses. In specialty courses of civil engineering, the aims of ideological and political education can be set in the views of political and national identities, moral characters and professional ethics, as well as academic ambition and scientific spirit. The introduction part of each curriculum always includes the outlines, engineering applications, development history, and learning methods of the curriculum. The elements of political and national identities, as well as moral characters and professional ethics can be refined and fused into the introduction part. In the sections of professional knowledges, academic ambition and scientific spirit elements can be refined and fused by using historical literatures and classical experiments in the development of the professional knowledges.

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    • Research on Curriculum Guiding Ideological and Political Education in Universities

      LI Lei

      Curriculum guiding ideological and political education and ideological and political education are systematic education projects, and are the key of moral education.Curriculum ideology is the soul of professional curriculum in universities.The paper scientifically selects ideological and political elements and take professional courses as the guiding object to discover the ideological and political path of curriculum. And It is an important task for reform of sports colleges and universities to train constructors and successors for the cause of Socialism who can meet the demands of the time by reasonable evaluation index.

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    • Exploration and practice of ideological and political education in civil engineering specialty courses

      wu fahong, yu xiaojuan, yin yong, lu yong

      “Ideological and political education in class” is the requirement of higher education in the New Era. “Teach in every process, with everyone, in every aspect” is the inevitable goal of higher education in the field of civil engineering. Considering the underdevelopment of ideological and political education in universities, we dived deep into the ideological and political elements in civil engineering major based on the ethics and morals in the civil engineering profession. We clarified the training objective in the civil engineering major with the visual field of “fostering character and virtue” and constructed a “three-dimensional, multi-level, all-inclusive” teaching system so that ideological and political education is more targeted and effective. We proposed multiple, original, interesting, and flexible teaching methods to compensate for the existing stale teaching mode. We took the national online course Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering as an example, explored and experimented with our teaching methods to infuse the ideological and political elements in this professional core course from three aspects: course content, teaching modes, and course evaluation, and hope this paper can be used as a reference for the future development of ideological and political education in civil engineering core courses.

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    • The application of micro module implantation in the design courses of urban and rural planning majors


      Innovation and process control are two abilities focused on cultivation in the design courses of urban and rural planning majors. In this paper, it takes the last architectural design course (311) in the design foundation stage of urban and rural planning majors in Zhengzhou University as an example for course practice, implants micro-modules in the design class to make minor corrections to certain nodes of the course, and enhances the effect of the key nodes of the course process by adding flexible micro-modules such as scheme interchange, extended topic study, technical simulation support, and post-class self-evaluation to achieve the purpose of enhancing students' communication and expression ability, process control ability, and design innovation ability.

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    • Exploration of the application of molecular dynamics simulation in the teaching of cementitious materials and concrete science

      YANG Jun, ZHANG Gaozhan, Wang Aiguo, HOU Dongshuai

      Cementitious materials and concrete science is the core course of inorganic non-metallic materials engineering, which has strong comprehensiveness and professionalism. The course contains some in-depth theoretical knowledge, such as cement hydration, ion transport in nanopore, etc. Traditional teaching methods lack picture and video media resources, unable to vividly display the reaction process, which makes the teaching boring and the confusion of students about these knowledges. This paper explores the introduction of molecular dynamics simulation into the course teaching, enriching the teaching content through the visualization results of simulation, giving students a perspective to observe the micro world, and materializing the abstract knowledge. The introduction of molecular dynamics has also brought about a change in teaching methods, which has stimulated students' interest in learning and achieved good teaching results. The course integrates scientific research into the teaching process to facilitate the cultivation of innovative talents.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Education Innovation for Intelligent Construction Major

      Chao Mao, Wei Yan, Gui Wenliu, Pengcheng Xiang, Qiang Xie

      Intelligent construction is the inevitable trend of high-quality development and transformation and upgrading of the construction industry. Under the high integration of industrialization and information technology, it uses new technology to enable the construction process, and promotes the upgrading of factors of production, productivity and production relations of engineering construction activities. The emergence of intelligent construction has reconstructed the product form, technical method and management mode in the whole chain of design, production, construction, operation and maintenance, and the corresponding demand for talents to support industrial upgrading has also changed. To meet the new demands of knowledge and ability required by intelligent construction professionals, this paper systematically sets up a distinctive interdisciplinary integrated training system, introduces the construction plan of Chongqing University"s intelligent construction major, and introduces the innovative exploration and thinking of this major from the aspects of training objectives, course system and teaching mode. It provides a reference for the talent training of intelligent construction specialty and the construction of related specialty in China.

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    • Exploration on the cultivation mode of innovative water conservancy graduate students in regional universities under the context of “double first-class” construction

      JIANG Shui-hua, XIONG Wei, ZHANG Hao-long, LUO Lan

      To response the decision of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on accelerating the reform and development of water conservancy and promote China's transformation from a manufacturing country to a creative country, a cultivation mode of innovative water conservancy graduate students in regional universities under the context of “double first-class” construction is explored. This cultivation mode is developed based on the cultivation practice of water conservancy graduate students in the regional universities. Firstly, the problems encountered in the cultivating of water conservancy graduate students in the regional universities are investigated, including the restrictions of geographical location, social development level and fund investment, high-level talent demands from the regional social and economic development, and little interdisciplinary integration and so on. Then, based on the problems orientated and taking training top-notch talents and improving the level of scientific research under the context of “double first-class” construction as the goal, reform approaches for cultivating the innovative water conservancy graduate students in the regional universities are proposed. A cultivation mode of water conservancy graduate students based on the “four-self” education is developed, namely self-education, self-cultivation, self-innovation and self-management. Finally, the achievements achieved in the practice of these reform approaches for cultivating the water conservancy graduate students in Nanchang University are introduced. This cultivation mode is expected to provide references for cultivating the graduate students in other regional universities.

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    • Research on the governance relationship and boundary reconstruction between old communities and surrounding communities in Colleges and Universities -- Taking Huagong East community as an example

      XIAO Lei, WANG Yi, LIU Yu-jia, CHEN Shao-wei, MA Yi-fei

      In the context of inventory planning, China's urban renewal has entered a new stage of quality improvement and multi governance, while the separation between the old community of colleges and universities and the surrounding communities is contrary to it. Taking the "hole" on the boundary fence between the East residential community of South China University of technology and the adjacent Wushan Garden community in Tianhe District, Guangzhou as the research object, this paper explores the causes of the "hole" from the three dimensions of use demand, management mode and support policy through measurement, tracking, questionnaire and interview, and then puts forward to understand the management mechanism, build a common governance platform Three ways to set phased goals, promote multi governance and boundary reconstruction between the two communities, improve the community life circle and realize resource sharing. This research has a certain reference significance for the renewal of management mode and the reconstruction of boundary space of old communities in Colleges and universities.

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    • Task design principles of English academic writing projects for postgraduates —Taking the example of architectural science

      Zhou Mei

      In today’s world where international academic communication and cooperation become frequent, publishing original research has become an embodiment of a university’s capacity, or even a nation’s capacity for scientific research and an embodiment of a country’s international influence. It is also an important parameter for assessing academic performance of postgraduates. Enhancing students’ academic writing ability in English is essential not only in promoting international academic communication, but also in increasing the chance of making Chinese scholars heard in the international academic arena. English academic writing courses for postgraduates should be based on students’ needs, combining language study with students’ needs for academic research in their subject areas, thus enhancing their motivation and interest in study. Through academic writing examples in architecture, this paper discusses task design principles of English academic writing projects from the aspects of purposefulness, specialism, critical thinking and collaboration, in the hope of bringing some enlightenment to project-based English academic writing courses for postgraduates, thus enhancing students’ academic writing ability and realizing the goal of putting what they have learned into practice in the real world.

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    • Discussion and practice of cultivating students" innovative ability in long-span structure

      HUANG Xin, QI Lin, CHEN Yu, YAN Xiao-rong

      The construction of Emerging engineering education emphasizes the cultivation of students" innovation ability. As a traditional engineering major, civil engineering has a strong theoretical and practical nature. This paper carries out the cultivation practice of students" innovation ability under the concept of Emerging engineering education combining with the long-span structure course. Firstly, in the course teaching, we should emphasize the explanation and analysis of practical engineering cases, enhance students" interest in learning engineering structure, and improve students" ability to analyze and deal with complex engineering problems; we should use online teaching resources to carry out research, optimize the course content, evaluate and guide students" mastery of course knowledge points, and combine online teaching Resources further broaden the knowledge of students; at last, project-based learning and science and education integration teaching are carried out in the teaching method, and project-based learning is used to provide students with structural design ability; science and education integration teaching is used to guide students to find, analyze and solve problems independently, and cultivate students" innovation ability and scientific research literacy. Through the reform of the above teaching methods, we can improve the teaching effect of the long-span structure course and promote the cultivation of students" innovation ability.

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    • Training mode of ethnic students of civil engineering under the background of engineering education accreditation

      Wang Yu-qing

      In order to adapt to the current worldwide engineering education reform and engineering education accreditation needs, and to improve the education quality of ethnic students, the training mode of ethnic students of civil engineering was reformed and explored in this paper for taking Mongolian students as an example. On the basis of meeting the requirements of the professional standards and engineering education accreditation, and proceeding from the actual situation of ethnic students, the training objectives and curriculum system are formulated, and the new concept of "practice innovation" is put forward. In the implementation of teaching, the idea of "embodying the training characteristics in the training process" was emphasized. Oriented to the training goal, reform measure was carried out in the whole process and every link of the training of ethnic students, integrating the course content, strengthening the ideological and political education, optimizing the course arrangement, strengthening the teaching of practical courses, reforming the teaching methods and means, independently design project-based problem sets, and reforming the evaluation method. It has realized the characteristic training for ethnic students and improved the education quality of ethnic students.

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    • Design and practice of the course syllabus of fundamentals and equipment of heat-mass transfer for engineering education certification

      GUAN Yong, HU Wanling, ZHANG Ye, ZHOU Wenhe, HU Dingke, ZHANG Hongwei

      In view of the needs of the engineering education certification for the building environment and energy engineering in the new era, the top-level design of the course syllabus was carried out on the basis of understanding the engineering education certification system and the course of fundamentals and equipment of heat-mass transfer was taken as an example. The course syllabus design method and writing idea were expounded in detail from the aspects of course information, course introduction, course objectives, the corresponding relationship between course objectives and graduation requirements and its index points, course main content and the allocation of class hours, course teaching methods, course assessment and evaluation methods, and course recommendation materials. The application verification of engineering education certification in Lanzhou Jiaotong University in 2021 shows that the course syllabus design method meets the requirements of engineering education certification, and the course teaching method and course evaluation are reasonable, which is conducive to the evaluation of the achievement of course objectives. This study can provide reference for the revision of the curriculum of engineering education certification.

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    • Exploration on architectural design teaching method of urban and rural planning specialty focusing on the holistic thinking cultivation

      WANG Hui, LIANG Wei-nan, REN Xue-bing

      Architectural design course is a basic content of the teaching of urban and rural planning specialty and a connecting link of urban and rural planning learning. After urban and rural planning has become a national first-class discipline, how to improve the teaching content and methods to meet the needs of talent training of urban and rural planning specialty is the focus of teaching reform. Taking the second-year design course of urban and rural planning of Northern University of technology as an example, through many years of practical experience, this paper concludes the problems in the students" design process, such as insufficient environmental analysis, lack of overall design concept and insufficient training of logical analysis ability, and puts forward the reform direction of strengthening process teaching focusing on the cultivation of holistic thinking. The course establishes the holistic design concept with the spatial form design as the core and the analysis of natural environment and humanistic environment as the starting point. On this basis, the course refines the teaching theme, improves the topic setting, and carries out teaching around the core elements such as environment, behavior, function and spatial design. At the same time, in order to cultivate students" logical thinking ability and scientific analysis ability, the course adjusts the teaching process and organization methods, clarifies the teaching main line, strengthens the phased and hierarchical teaching organization form through a variety of interactive communication modes.

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    • Analysis of the Difficulties Faced by the Practical Teaching ofSBuilding Electromechanical Specialty in Application Oriented Universities

      ZUO Yan-hong, CHEN HUA, WANG Ya

      In the training of construction electromechanical professionals in Application-oriented Colleges and universities, practical teaching plays an important role, which is directly related to the training quality of construction electromechanical professionals and the development future of the school. Based on the analysis of the professional characteristics and practical teaching status of building Electromechanical Specialty in application-oriented universities。This paper points out the difficulties faced by application-oriented universities in the practical teaching of building Electromechanical Specialty, based on the analysis of the training mode of construction electromechanical talents in some application-oriented universities and the survey of social satisfaction with construction electromechanical talents, this paper points out the shortcomings of current application-oriented universities in training construction electromechanical talents, combined with the training objectives of building electromechanical talents formulated by application-oriented universities, this paper explores the countermeasures and methods to solve the above problems in the process of training building electromechanical talents in application-oriented universities., proved the effectiveness of the method by application practice.

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    • Research and practice of professional degree postgraduate training mode of "multi-agent cooperation and integration of industry, university and research"

      HU Yunjin, CHEN Zhongqing, LV Yue, ZHONG Zhen, HE Zenan

      In view of the problems faced in the training of graduate students majoring in architecture and civil engineering in local application-oriented universities, the research and practice of training mode were carried out. Relying on the collaborative innovation center for mountain geological disaster prevention and control in Zhejiang Province, the resource advantages, discipline advantages and scientific research advantages of the collaborative innovation center are transformed into postgraduate training advantages. The professional degree postgraduate training mode of multi-agent collaboration and integration of industry, university and research is constructed, and different training mechanisms such as university-university (or institute) collaborative training, university-enterprise collaborative training and international collaborative training are established. Taking professional foundation, practical ability and international vision as the training concept, the corresponding professional degree graduate talent training scheme and curriculum system are formulated. Practice has proved that through the cooperation of universities, scientific research institutes, enterprises and international academic organizations, together with the integration of industry, university and research, the practical innovation ability, employment competitiveness and international vision of professional degree postgraduates have been promoted.

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    • Approach of Field Programs to Support Accomplishing the Learning Objectives —A case study of Road Survey and Design Course at Southeast University

      Cheng Jianchuan, Yu Bing, Liu Hongbo, Zheng Yubing

      Engineering education accreditation is an important way to follow international standards and get recognized each other. The accomplishment of course learning objectives plays an essential role to support the accomplishment of the speciality’s training objectives. Based on the organization and development of the field practice program of the course Road Survey and Design of Southeast University, this paper establishes an evaluation system for the accomplishment evaluation of learning objectives by combining the course assessment and the questionnaire survey from the participating students. Taking the students who participated in the field practice of Road Survey Design in the past several years as samples, the questionnaire survey and course assessment results showed that field practice teaching could strongly support the accomplishment of learning objectives especially on the aspects of solving complex engineering problems, using modern tools, teamwork ability and personal communication skills. The field practice teaching also benefit students of creating a greater sense of professional recognition.

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    • Practice and research on project driven immersion teaching of production practice course for building environment and energy application engineering specialty


      To resolve the problems of the lack of systematicness and standardization of teaching content, the great dependence on off campus practice resources, and the low learning initiative of students in the production practice of building environment and energy application engineering specialty, the project driven immersion teaching mode of production practice course was put forward. Based on the actual HVAC engineering situation as the carrier, the knowledge of construction management, intelligent operation and maintenance, etc., is systematically connected in series with all element knowledge points of the HVAC system. Students play the role of various types of work in the production process, deeply immerse in the teaching process, and become the main body of active practice and knowledge exploration. The specific implementation process, teaching content, process and diversified scores formation mechanism of the project driven immersion teaching in production practice course were explicated. Moreover, it is clarified that the project driven immersion teaching mode of the production practice course can fully stimulate students' interest in actively participating in the practice, which make the students become the main body of the production practice, truly achieve the combination of theory and practice, exercise hands-on skills and strengthen theoretical knowledge, and also help to cultivate the spirit of labor.

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    • A preliminary exploration of the teaching method of the course “steel structure design principles” by integrating ideological and political elements

      Zhao Jingang

      Integrating the ideological and political elements into the teaching of specialized courses in college and universities, and in the same-direction advance with the ideological and political theory courses, has become a new trend in the teaching of engineering courses in college and universities. However, how to better integrate the ideological and political elements into the teaching of specialized knowledge and imperceptibly influence on the students is the emphases and difficulties faced by the teachers of specialized courses. Taking the course “steel structure design principles” which is a core curriculum of civil engineering as an example, this paper makes a preliminary exploration of the method and path of integrating the ideological and political elements into the teaching of specialized courses. First, based on the “four self-confidence” and combined with the characteristics of the course, the curriculum ideological and political construction objectives of institutional identity, cultural self-confidence, professional moral cultivation and scientific spirit are determined. Then, around the curriculum ideological and political construction objectives, the corresponding ideological and political education points and the implementation paths of each chapter are summarized. And the methods of integrating ideological and political elements into the curriculum teaching are introduced through four teaching cases. Finally, a reform method of integrating ideological and political elements into the curriculum assessment is proposed to achieve the purpose of comprehensive evaluation of specialize knowledge and ideological and political educational achievements.

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    • Research on practical teaching platform for whole process applied talent cultivation under the background of engineering during period

      YAN Jie, GUO Rui, LI Gen, YONG Peng, YANG Tao

      It is the primary goal of education in universities to cultivate talents in line with the needs of society and the country. With the implementation of the national "engineering" construction project and the advocacy of the "three complete education" concept, it is particularly necessary for colleges and universities to reform the existing talent training system. Based on the investigation and analysis of practical teaching platform for whole process applied talent cultivation of civil engineering major in the University, it is to analyze the way and method of practical teaching platform for whole process applied talent cultivation under the background of engineering during period in Application-oriented Universities, which is from these terms: top level design of practice platform system, construction of cross integration comprehensive practice platform, the establishment of school enterprise cooperative education mechanism, construction of compound practical teaching team, establishment of progressive practice teaching system, in this paper. It is hoped to provide a reference for similar local colleges and universities.

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    • Evaluation on the learning effect of online and offline mixed teaching mode in the course of engineering economics A

      Lu Ying, Yuan Jingfeng

      n the mobile Internet era, online and offline mixed teaching mode has become a new information-based teaching mode vigorously promoted by universities. With the purpose of exploring the application effect of online and offline mixed teaching mode in university and thus effectively improving students’ professional knowledge level, taking undergraduate students who major in the course of engineering economics A of Civil Engineering College of Southeast University as the research object. It takes MOOC online teaching platform as the data source, uses SPSS24.0 software for statistical analysis, and analyzes the online and offline learning situation of undergraduate students from four indicators: the number and duration of video viewing, attendance and the accuracy rate of classroom practice. Finally, the final examination results are analyzed from two aspects of online performance and after-class homework performance. The results show that there is a significant positive correlation between online scores, after-class homework scores and final examination scores. Online and offline mixed teaching mode is beneficial to develop learners’ scientific literacy of autonomous learning and inquiry practice, which can improve learning effect.

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    • Teaching difficulties and solutions for major courses study of students minoring in civil engineering: taking Concrete Structure course as an example

      ZHANG Ying, XIA Feng-min, XUE Hui-zhong

      The major of Civil Engineering (Structural Engineering) requires graduates to have adequate knowledge concerning structural design and engineering practice. For double-degree education, the existing problems, including excessive teaching tasks to be completed within limited time, present great challenges for minor course lecturers. An academic investigation on the difficulties encountered in minor course teaching has been conducted and solutions are proposed. During the investigation, the Concrete Structures course, which values both mechanic theory and engineering practice, was taken as an example. It is shown that the theoretical foundation of students taking minor courses are weak, the teaching time for students from different majors is difficult to arrange, prolonged class may lead to fatigue of teachers and students, and it is difficult for students to catch up if they fail in the exam. Therefore, lecturers should pay attention to the vividness and retrospectivity of the theoretical knowledge teaching, which can be realized through experiments, animation videos and online courses. Moreover, the cultivation of engineering practice ability should also be highlighted for double-degree students. The teaching time for theoretical knowledge and engineering practice should be reasonably planned. Case study of renowned buildings and notorious structural failures can be carried out to develop the engineering problem-solving ability and professional responsibility of students.

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    • First-class course construction of Structural Mechanics under the guidance of engineered teaching ideas of “3E+3E”

      CAO Yanmei, YU Guilan, XIANG Hongjun, XU Yanqiu, JIA Ying, SHI Zhifei

      Structural Mechanics is one of the professional foundation courses for the civil engineering, railway engineering, hydraulic engineering, and plays the role of bridge between the foundation course and the professional course. The “Structural Mechanics I” constructed by Beijing Jiaotong University is firstly approved to be first-class course by Ministry of Education in 2020, which indicates the course construction and the talent cultivation are coming to a new stage. In order to find a way out of the problems and difficulties during the construction of Structural Mechanics, the “3E+3E” engineered teaching ideas following “first emotional perception, then rational exploration” is proposed, in which the moral cultivation plays the guiding role, the diversified and distinguished engineering talents with innovation spirits is taken for the cultivating goal, and reforming the course by improving its high level, highlighting its innovation, and increasing its challenge level is the basic requirement. By means of effectively carrying out the blending of the ideological and political education in Structural Mechanics, optimization of teaching objectives, innovation of teaching methods during whole process, the first-class course construction of Structural Mechanics is explored. The practice results show that the proposed teaching ideas can not only provide the new thinking for the construction of “ideological and political education” and “high-level, innovative and challenging course”, but also create the conditions for realizing the cultivation of talents simultaneously with knowledge, capacity, and quality, and moreover search for an advantage approach of teaching transform from “imparting teaching” to “inquiry teaching”.

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    • Exploration and practice of "virtual-actual combination" in the teaching of soil mechanics

      Dai Beibing, Zhao Hongfen, Chang Dan, Liu jiankun, Lin kairong

      Soil mechanics is a practice-oriented subject. There are a number of tricky problems for the conventional classroom theory teaching, including the diverse knowledge points, complicated content system and disjunction between theory and practice, and the experiment teaching is also constrained by the factors of time, space and resources (e.g. teaching hours, site and equipment), which leads to an overall poor teaching effect. Enlightened by the principle of "virtual-actual combination", the soil mechanics teaching team at Sun Yat-sen University carry out the teaching reformation exploration. On the one hand, we introduce the physical model into the theory teaching, which helps promote students'' comprehension and recognition of the theoretical model, abstract concept and engineering practice. On the other hand, we construct the simulation platform with the use of virtual reality technology, which helps overcome the limitation of time, space and resources in traditional experiment teaching. The "virtual-actual combination" based teaching means is able to aid in stimulating students'' initiative and enthusiasm for learning, cultivation of their innovative thoughts, promotion of the teaching quality and effectiveness of soil mechanics.

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    • Study on the rational assessment and achievement assessment of cultivating objectives in civil engineering specialty

      SUN Guohua, CAI Xinjiang, FAN Cunxin, CHEN Xin, LING Zhibin, CHEN Jianbing

      Clarifying the confusion between the rational assessment of cultivating objectives and the achievement assessment of cultivating objectives in the civil engineering specialty under the background of engineering education certification is of great significance to promote the engineering education certification in civil engineering specialty. Firstly, this paper briefly reviewed the development history of civil engineering specialty evaluation, and pointed out the significance of specialty development guided by Outcome Based Education (OBE) philosophy. Then, the connotation and elements of cultivating objectives at the scope of engineering education certification was analyzed, the difference between the rational assessment and achievement assessment of cultivating objectives was interpreted, and the operation process and case study were proposed. The relevant research results could provide a certain reference value for promoting the development of civil engineering specialty.

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    • Teaching method research of "Competition?to?Promote?Learning" taking structural design competition as a platform

      Wangminling, Wanghuajie, Qianhongliang, Chendeshen, Fanfeng

      College student structural design competition is most widely participation nationwide civil engineering field, the highest value, in order to enrich students majoring in civil engineering practice teaching content, improve civil engineering students' innovative consciousness, team coordination and engineering practice ability, to the civil engineering professional study in order to promote science teaching methods, detailed discussed in order to promote teaching methods to promote the feasibility and advantage, established a clear framework to promote learning teaching mode, the analysis of the refrigerator for each link, finally, in order to promote teaching methods try to a small range of practice, obtained the very good teaching effect,It reveals the positive effect of the teaching mode of "promoting learning by competition".The research ideas and results will also provide reference for the transformation of the practice teaching mode of similar disciplines.

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    • Research on the effectiveness and generalizability of visual feedback paradigm in English phonetics learning

      CHEN Yi-ping, ZHANG Zhen-yu

      Due to the particularity and complexity of English phonetic learning, English phonetic researches have received less attention compared with other language skills. The emergence of computer-assisted language learning makes speech visualization possible. However, relevant studies have shown that although visual feedback has a positive impact on speech learning, most studies only focus on the super-segmental features of speech sound, while other parts of the speech systems are not involved. Based on the use of Praat , a speech visual analysis software, this study used visual feedback paradigm (VFP) in speech teaching, and took the speech intensity ratio as the test standard to study and analyze the situation of learners’ speech learning, and made the following conclusions: First, using VFP in speech teaching could achieve better results than traditional auditory training, and the speech improvement achieved has continuous effect ; Second, the impact of VFP at the word level could be extended to similar utterance or sentence level, that is, generalizability, and the promotion is also persistent; Third, students make positive comments towards VFP. They believe that visual feedback provides obvious image differences and can reflect the relative length and intensity of individual phonemes, thus providing guidance for their pronunciation. This study demonstrates the effectiveness and generalization of VFP for English pronunciation learning, as well as the potential practical value of using VFP in lower-level second language speech classes.

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    • An empirical study on the creative transformation of Chinese traditional virtues in College Moral Education -- Taking construction colleges as an example

      aihongmei, Wang Weining

      Through the investigation of the integration of Chinese traditional virtues into college moral education in four construction colleges and universities, we can recognize the contradiction between the vacancy of moral education subject and the deviation of moral education object in the creative transformation of traditional virtues, the contradiction between the integration of traditional virtues and the fragmentation of moral education content, and the contradiction between the practicality of traditional virtues and the rigidity of assessment mode. Moreover, by analyzing its causes, this paper puts forward the path of creative transformation of Chinese traditional virtues in college moral education, in order to critically inherit the fine moral tradition, optimize the process of college moral education and improve the effectiveness of college moral education.

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    • Construction and Practice of English Course of Soil Mechanics under the Belt and Road Initiative

      MO Pin-Qiang, LU Mengmeng, XU Zhiwei, SHANG Xiangyu, WANG Bo

      With the implementation of the Belt and Road Strategy, there is an urgent need to cultivate international talents in Civil Engineering. English course of Soil Mechanics can help the students improve English communication level, master the ability to understand the international cutting-edge developments. This paper discusses the curriculum characteristics and current situation, based on the construction and practice of English course of Soil Mechanics at China University of Mining and Technology. For the current training scheme, teaching resources and assessment model, the attainment of course objectives has been analyzed through the questionnaire survey, attendance, "rain class" in-class test, and course scores. The teaching team has summarized the existing problems based on the evaluation results and student feedback, and proposed corresponding suggestions for continuous improvement. We aim to perfect the training plan and evaluation system, explore online - offline mixed teaching, and promote the construction of curriculum ideology and politics, which could effectively raise the quality of education and therefore meet the needs of national strategy of innovative professional talents.

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    • Exploration on teaching reform of soil mechanics for urban underground space engineering specialty

      Chai Shaobo, Hu Jun, Gao Zhihua, Tian Wei, Hu Zhiping

      With the rapid construction and development of underground space engineering in higher education in China, special strategic requirements are put forward for the training of urban underground space engineering talents. There are some deficiencies in the content and methods of the traditional soil mechanics teaching, which cannot fully meet the higher requirements of the urban underground space engineering specialty"s own characteristics and practical engineering applications. Therefore, based on the characteristics and development prospect of urban underground space engineering, the main problems of soil mechanics teaching are analyzed in this present paper firstly. Then, the teaching content, teaching methods, curriculum ideological and political aspects of the teaching of soil mechanics of this specialty are explored and analyzed. Accordingly, a more adaptable curriculum teaching system is proposed, and specific suggestions are put forward to improve the teaching quality. The research is conducive to the development of soil mechanics teaching and the improvement of the quality of urban underground space engineering personnel training.

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    • Research on the blending teaching mode of Postgraduate Curriculum

      Tan Hong Mei, Zeng Yong, Wang Xiao Song, Feng Liang Bo

      With the continuous development of information technology used in higher education, blending teaching mode fully integrates offline classroom teaching and online high-quality education resources, effectively mobilize students' learning initiative and achieve satisfactory teaching effect. Taking the graduate course "bridge structure system" as an example, combined with the education mobile and web platform of Chaoxing, a PIP blending teaching mode is proposed, which includes three stages. First, lead students to prepare lessons before class. Then, explain key points and difficulties in class, as well as organize discussions. Finally, expand reading extra-curricular literature. Meanwhile, the "problem perspective", also with the literature reading ability of graduate students, are emphasized during the whole teaching process. Lastly, a diversified assessment method with six quantitative indicators, including students' mutual evaluation, is proposed.

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    • Research on the Training Mode of Part-time Engineering Graduates in the New Period

      Chen Jianfu, Wang wei, ZhongJie, SunHailing

      In order to comply with the country’s new form of training part-time postgraduates and meet the society’s demand for part-time postgraduates, the author has sorted out the evolution of the training process of engineering postgraduates in turn: Master of Engineering-Professional Master of Engineering- The process of unified enrollment of part-time and full-time postgraduates, and through comparative analysis, literature research, inductive analysis, investigation and other research methods, compare the characteristics of domestic and foreign engineering graduate training models, and discuss the characteristics of the market’s demand for engineering graduates It is adapted to the training model of engineering graduate students in our country in the new era, with a view to providing reference for the reform of part-time engineering master degree graduate students and improving the quality of graduate talent training.

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    • GIS course teaching responses of urban and rural planning major for serving the spatial planning system

      LU Shiwei, HUANG Yaping

      The spatial planning is a planning system of multi planning integration of main function area planning, land use planning, urban and rural planning. The whole process of the spatial planning system is integrated with GIS basic platform, including technical standards, basic research, planning preparation, information platform construction and so on, which need a lot of GIS tools and technologies as strong support. Therefore, the teaching content, teaching methods and teaching organization of GIS course of urban and rural planning major need to innovate actively and keep pace with the times, seek the teaching emergency way that connects with the spatial planning system of the new era, and constantly improve the students" technical practical ability and innovative thinking ability, so as to cultivate practical and innovative talents who meet the needs of the spatial planning system in the new era.

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    • Exploration and practice of direct analysis methodin steel structures serial courses and practice teaching links

      LI Huijun, WANG Zhengzhong, LI Zongli, LI Baohui

      Direct analysis design method is recommended as primary design method by several domestic and foreign steel structures design standards. However, textbooks and teaching contents of steel structures serial courses are obsolete, and are lagged behind the current standards and the discipline frontier. Based on above-mentioned issues, exploration and practice are implemented in steel structures serial courses on direct analysis design method. In theory teaching phase, the principle and idea of direct analysis method are taught step by step based on standard for design of steel structures. The basic concepts and implementation methods of the key points in the method are highlighted, such as overall structural imperfections, member imperfections, residual stress, joint stiffness and member eccentricity. In practical teaching phase, such as thesis for undergraduate and training programs of innovation and entrepreneurship for undergraduates, select topics related to direct analysis and make students more firmly grasp the core idea and design idea of the method. Through exploration and practice, students have mastered the design idea of direct analysis method, and the application ability and practical ability of relevant steel structure design and analysis software have been further improved. Furthermore, some research results have been obtained by students, and their scientific research level and innovation ability have also been obviously improved.

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    • Exploration and practice of university graduate cultivation under the background of new engineering construction

      LIANG Shuang, Chen Yidan, WANG Guixue

      The construction of the new engineering industry is based on the requirements of the national innovation-driven development strategy. This article analyzes the problems in the training of engineering graduate students based on the background of the new engineering. Discipline integration tutor group is the main medium, the integrated teaching of postgraduate innovation and dual practice is the main carrier, and the platform for student-teaching collaboration, medical-enterprise cooperation platform, science-enterprise co-creation platform, and teaching and research As a support, "discipline, investigation, lecture, exchange, evaluation, supervision" six teaching supervision system as a guarantee,? We explores the teaching reform of engineering graduate students, received better teaching feedback, implements to student"s knowledge structure, interest in learning, learning ability, thinking mode, etc full coverage and full integration, formed a full of full of vitality, multi-level, optional, with professional characteristics of new engineering graduate education system.

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    • Discussion on ideological and political teaching of soil mechanics course under the background of new engineering and technical disciplines

      Feng shuangxi, Lei Huayang, Liu Jingjin, JIa Rui

      Under the background of new engineering and technical disciplines, the ideological and political education of soil mechanics played a very important role in enriching the teaching contents, improving the overall development of students and promoting the growth of young teachers. According to the characteristics of the ideological and political teaching of soil mechanics course, this paper analyzes the ideological and political elements in each chapter, aiming to cultivate students" dialectical thinking, patriotism and environmental awareness. This paper mainly discusses the teaching practice of ideological and political education in soil mechanics course from the aspects of curriculum outline, content setting and teaching methods, and emphasizes that the ideological and political objectives should be set in the curriculum outline and content, so as to integrate intellectual education and moral education. Through the course ideological and political education and experimental ideological and political education, five teaching methods of soil mechanics course ideological and political education was proposed, including enumeration method, project teaching method, three-dimensional teaching method, group discussion teaching method, reform evaluation method and teaching method. It was designed to make students enter and go out of the "traditional classroom" at the same time and cultivate students" consciousness of unity of knowledge and practice. This could realize a new teaching mode of joint education of moral education and intellectual education of soil mechanics.

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    • On the teaching reform of soil mechanics in the information age

      Yuan Jie, Zhao Qianyi, Tong Huawei, Song Jinliang

      he trend of teaching globalization and "Internet + education" not only promotes the reform of higher education, but also determines the path of reform. By combing the theory of educational globalization and "Internet + education", combined with the main problems existing in the current curriculum of soil mechanics, this paper puts forward the educational reform methods and paths of "Internet + soil mechanics", including hybrid teaching, educational big data and learning analysis.

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    • Exploration and practice on the classroom and experimental teaching reform of soil mechanics

      JIA Rui, LEI Hua-yang, LIU Jing-jin, FENG Shuang-xi

      In order to improve the teaching quality of soil mechanics course and the training quality of civil engineering professionals, some explorations and practices on the classroom and experimental teaching reform of soil mechanics were carried out. The main classroom teaching reforms are as follows: 1) The explorations of teaching methods and models of research-based learning, case-based learning, and team-based learning combined with problem-based learning were carried out, and the intelligent teaching tools such as rain classroom were used to arouse students’ learning interest and improve the quality of classroom teaching; 2) In order to frequently update contents of the course, it is necessary to continually improve our professional ability by extensively reading the textbooks and related books of soil mechanics; 3) The available online course resources were fully utilized, and online and offline mixed teaching reform and flipped classroom teaching reform based on internet+ were actively promoted; 4) The ideological and political elements were effectively integrated into the teaching of soil mechanics by introducing distinguished domestic and foreign persons in the field of soil mechanics and famous engineering cases successfully built with the aid of soil mechanics theory, and enhancing the knowledge and principle of soil mechanics as general philosophical principles. The main experimental teaching reforms are as follows: 1) The heuristic and interactive teaching models, research-based thinking, outcomes-based education concept and great country craftsman spirit were introduced into experimental teaching; 2) In order to enhance the effect of experimental teaching, the students were required to watch the relevant experimental videos of online open courses of soil mechanics experiment before the experimental courses; 3) The online experimental teaching was carried out by utilizing the relevant virtual simulation experiments on the national virtual simulation experiment teaching project sharing platform. The teachers should continually deepen the teaching reform of soil mechanics course, and make effort to cultivate comprehensive compound civil engineering talents with high professional level, strong innovation ability, wide global vision, strong sense of social responsibility and deep patriotism.

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    • 中文分类图号:TU411               文献标识码:A                文章编号:

      GAO Yu, WANG Xiao rong, GAO Li ping

      Soil mechanics experiment is a basic course of civil engineering, and soil mechanics experiment teaching is an important part of college teaching. Based on the concept of new engineering, under the environment of teaching reform in Colleges and universities, aiming at the problems existing in the current soil mechanics practice teaching, such as less class hours, less prominent experimental teaching status, and the singleness of experimental projects, the reform measures are put forward. Taking students as the main body and cultivating students" comprehensive ability as the goal, we should cultivate students" practical ability and innovative consciousness, and improve students" practical interest and problem-solving ability. Through the construction of network experiment platform, it provides students with preview and simulation operation before class, and combines with practical engineering problems to let students really enter the experimental teaching; And open? experiments are added to change the traditional experimental teaching mode, and students can choose independently, promote students" comprehensive mastery of soil mechanics theory and practice, make students give full play to initiative, improve their experimental interests, and lay a practical foundation for future research and study and work.

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    • Discussion on construction of immersive slope engineering virtual simulation experiment project

      WU Shu-guang, Wang gui-lin

      The geotechnical professional courses have strong practicality. Taking the actual slope treatment engineering as the basic material and starting from the perspective of students, 11 experimental tasks are designed. The mouse key operation method commonly used in game software is adopted to conduct interactive independent comprehensive experimental learning under the guidance and prompts of the field simulation system. By selecting a different position and angle (immersive experience) to observe and identify site stability, surface and subsurface characteristics of the slope (landslip), according to the characteristics of surface deformation to infer the main direction of sliding, independently designing section line and the survey borehole, drawing borehole histogram, profile, and calculate the apparent dip, calculating slope stability and remaining sliding force under various working conditions, simulating and analyzing the arrangement of anti-slide piles and drainage ditch, to enhance students" cognition and understanding of slope engineering investigation, stability analysis and design process. After the introduction of engineering geology, soil mechanics, slope engineering and other courses into this experimental project, the vivid and vivid scenes and shocking effects have attracted and stimulated students" interest in learning. At the same time, the teaching activity correlation and course interconnection between rock and soil series courses have been realized, and the combination of theoretical teaching and practice has been strengthened. It effectively promotes students" deep understanding of knowledge points and the enhancement of practical ability, and improves students" learning effect.

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    • Discussion on the construction of the offline first-class course of Foundation Engineering

      Feng Jinyan

      In accordance with the requirements of the National First-class undergraduate course of innovation, high order and challenge, the course of 《Foundation Engineering》in Beihang University highlights the characteristics of airport runway geotechnical engineering. Three ideological and political education cases such as construction responsibility, environmental protection have been made. The course combines theoretical knowledge with engineering practice, engineering cases such as Beijing Daxing International Airport and BIM application have been made, and the video of special course "Mountain Airport Construction" has been recorded. STwo innovative experiments of the pile foundation design and the nondestructive testing of the pavement have been set up to improve students" cognitive limit and hands-on limit. The learning groups and multi-dimensional evaluation mode has been adopted to meet the learning requirements of different difficulty levels and cultivate high-end interdisciplinary talents for airport construction and management. S

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    • Achievement of Curriculum Objectives for Soil Mechanics based on three Machine Learning Models

      Chen Zhixiong, Zhang Wengang, Ding XuanMing, Zhou Hang, Xiao Yang

      According to the requirements of engineering education certification in universities, the achievement of curriculum objectives of Soil Mechanicsin Chongqing University was analyzed using three Machine Learning Models. The suggestions for teaching improvement are provided based on the evaluation results. It is proved that big data analysis can provide new perspective for scientifically evaluating the achievement of curriculum objectives and promoting the high-quality development of undergraduate engineering education.

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    • The construction and practice of practical teaching system of soil mechanics course under emerging engineering education background

      FU Xudong, SIMa Jun, LIU Furong, ZOU Yong

      The new round of scientific and industrial revolution present new challenges to the reform and development of engineering education. Emerging Engineering Education is just a positive response to the challenges and requirements. The key point of Emerging Engineering Education in civil engineering is to cultivate the engineering innovation ability of college students in practical education. In view of the prevailing practice of emphasizing theory and neglecting practice, and the current situation of not paying attention to cultivating innovation ability, the practical teaching reform of soil mechanics course is carried out. The "Three Classrooms" cooperative education system of the first class, the second class and extracurricular practice are constructed, and also the specific construction content. The key problems of practical education system are summarized. Also, the safeguard measures, experience and effects of teaching reform are introduced. This research results have a certain reference value to the Emerging Engineering Education of civil engineering.

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    • Traditional civil engineering of local colleges and universities led by smart constructionExploration and thinking on professional transformation and upgrading

      Li Wan-run, Han Jian-ping, Du Yong-feng

      The new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation have had a huge impact on the form, division and organization of the construction industry. Civil engineering majors in local colleges and universities are important bases for cultivating professional talents for the local and national construction industry. It is a very critical issue to transform and upgrade the traditional civil engineering major in the unprecedented changes in this century, and to train talents who can meet the needs of industrial development in the new era. This article mainly presents some explorations and reflections in the process of upgrading the traditional civil engineering major of local colleges and universities under the background of the new engineering discipline, in order to continuously improve the professional construction level and the technical level and influence of the construction industry in our province. Provide reference for the transformation and upgrading of civil engineering majors in other local colleges and universities.

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    • Teaching plan design based on the fusion of problem orientation and result orientation: taking Reinforced concrete structure design principles course as an example

      LIU Yuefei, FAN Xueping

      There are many chapters and contents in the course of “Reinforced concrete structure design principles”. How to reasonably design the teaching plans has become one of the main problems in well teaching this course. First, based on the problem orientation, the key problems for the teaching contents of each chapter are summarized. Then, based on the result orientation, the teaching results are all the key problems in the problem orientation, and the reasonable teaching plan design of each chapter is carried out. Finally, the main chapters for the course of “Reinforced concrete structure design principles” are sorted into teaching plans which are easy to teach. It is expected that teachers" teaching ability and students" ability to accept knowledge will be improved. The teaching plan design method which combines the problem orientation and the result orientation proposed in this paper will provide reference for the teaching plan design of the other related courses in civil engineering.

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    • Reform and Practice of The Curriculum Teaching Model Based On The Four-in-one "Teaching, Seminar, Computer and Production"

      Zhang Yingying, Ye Jihong, Li Qingtao, Jia Fuping, Fan Li, Du Jianmin, Li Xian

      Model making is an important way to cultivate the practical ability of civil engineering professionals, and it is also a basic way of civil engineering practice teaching. It effectively promotes the process of students transforming "planar design" design thinking into "three-dimensional" design thinking. The model making course teaching mode adheres to the "four-in-one" teaching principle, which organically combines the four aspects of classroom teaching, team seminars, computer operation and model making. This paper analyzes the problems existing in the current teaching mode of architectural model making courses and explores the countermeasures, aiming to make a beneficial attempt for the practical teaching of civil engineering and the cultivation of compound civil engineering talents.

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    • Practice of Innovative Talent Cultivation Model Based on Non-standard Answer Assessment Method-Taking the Course of "Creation and Realization of Structural Models" as an Example

      Zhang Yingying, Ye Jihong, Yu Qiu, Jia Fupin, Fan Li, Du Jianmin, Li Xian

      Under dual conditions of the background of professional certification in engineering education and the background of informationization, change, and emphasis on individuality, the reform of structural model design courses faces many new challenges. Through comparative analysis and discussion of non-standardized answers, actual combat assessment methods and traditional assessment methods, it can be found that the non-standardized answer assessment methods have the characteristics of full-process evaluation, comprehensive training, and dynamic improvement, which are conducive to cultivating students' comprehensive ability to solve complex engineering problems and improving the quality of students' course learning. The applicability of the curriculum, the transformation of teaching and learning ideas, and the guarantee of related systems are the key points of implementing non-standardized answers and practical curriculum assessment methods. The questionnaire survey about students’ satisfaction with the course were conducted. The result of statistical analysis shows that the students’ satisfaction degree of this course is as high as 94.73%, which indicates that students highly recognize the curriculum teaching reform.

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    • Obstacle Factors and Strategies of Developing Small-class Seminar in Undergraduate Education


      The implementation of small-class seminar is an important measure to improve the quality of undergraduate education and build first-class universities in China. Obstacle factors of developing small-class seminar were systematically analysed by using the methods of literature research and expert consultation; the core problem and key obstacle factors were determined based on establishing the interpretative structure model. It is believed that in order to promote small-class seminar in China, it is particularly important for the government to change the development concept of undergraduate education and increase policy and financial support; furthermore, these will lead to the more concern and promote all-round reform in colleges and universities. On this basis, the relevant strategies were put forward and and helpful for the government and colleges to ascertain breakthrough points to promote small-class seminar.

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    • An Empirical Study on the Demand Characteristics and Target Salary of Engineering Cost Professionals Based on Big Data Analysis

      ZHENG Lilin, WEN Yinyin

      With the accelerated development of urbanization in China and the orderly progress of the belt and road initiative, construction industry has a huge prospect for the demand for engineering professionals. This paper focuses on crawler orientation to capture 9443 recruitment information related to Engineering Cost in the recruitment website of 51job. It analyzes the demand characteristics of engineering cost professionals and constructs an ordered choice-probit model to explore the influencing factors of target salary. The results show that the demand characteristics of engineering management professionals are regional imbalance, normal education and certainly work experience. Jobs and business focus on the whole process cost control of engineering projects. The demand for six kinds of capabilities varies greatly. The positive effect of professional qualification certification on target salary is significant. The higher the salary is, the higher the requirements of work experience and education are. the salary level is related to the city level, and there is a significant difference between the super first tier cities and other cities. Big data analysis provides certain data support for all kinds of colleges and universities to establish a talent training mode of Engineering Cost Specialty to meet the market demand.

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    • Study on the Occupational Education of Professional Master Degree Based on the Unification of Occupational and Academic——Taking the full-time civil and hydraulic degree program in Chongqing University as an example

      Luo Yunju, XIE Qiang, Liu lijuan

      At present, there are still some problems in the cultivation of full-time professional degree postgraduates in China, such as the lack of distinct differences between the cultivation of full-time professional degree postgraduates and academic degree postgraduates, the lack of occupational accomplishment of tutors, the emphasis on academic training rather than practical training, and the lack of effective evaluation system, which seriously restrict the development of professional degree postgraduates education. In order to meet the urgent demand for high-level application-oriented professionals in the new era of China"s social and economic development, a joint practice base for university-enterprise collaborative education is established based on the principle of the unity of professional and academic. The program can provide a platform for practical education for professional degree postgraduates through training and management practices. Construct a dual tutor system for professional degree postgraduates and create a high-level and stable tutors team with strong engineering practice ability in enterprises and institutions can provide essential conditions for occupational training of postgraduates. Expand professional practice training platform to improve the occupational ability of professional degree postgraduates. Construct a professional-academic dissertation evaluation system and put the occupational education of professional degree postgraduates into practice, so as to improve the occupational education of professional degree postgraduates and promote the effective development of professional degree training mode.

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    • Construction and teaching practice of engineering ethics case database in municipal engineering field

      wang zhaozhao, ma jun, li simin, zhang sheng, zhang wei, zhang juan, tang fengbing

      Firstly, the necessity of case database construction was put forward through analyzing the teaching goal and present teaching situation of the engineering ethics course for postgraduates with professional degrees in engineering universities. Secondly, the case database of engineering ethics in municipal engineering field was constructed based on the five sub-fields such as water supply engineering, wastewater engineering, building water supply and drainage engineering, water supply and drainage pipe network and ecological restoration of water environment. Finally, the value of the case database construction was explored through its teaching practice and teaching feedback.The results showed that the case database of engineering ethics in municipal engineering field promoted the reform of the training mode of professional degree postgraduates, which could activate the classroom atmosphere and increase the frequency of mutual interaction between teachers and students. It also promoted students to understand deeply, master theoretical knowledge and apply it to engineering practice flexibly, thereby effectively improving their integration capability of combing theory with practice. Thus, it is of great significance for professional degree postgraduates in the municipal engineering field to improve the engineering ethics consciousness and fulfill social responsibilities actively. In addition, it also can provide references for other professional degree postgraduates in the case database construction and teaching practice.

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    • Exploration of Postgraduate Teaching Reform Based on Demand-oriented Concept-Taking Advanced Rock Mechanics as an Example

      XUE Ya-dong, HUANG Hong-wei, Li Yuan-bai, ZHANG Sen

      The teaching of professional courses for graduate students plays an important role in the cultivation of the ability of them. How to improve the quality of teaching, especially how to meet the rapid development of social employment needs, is a significant topic that needs to be explored and solved. With the rapid development of tunnel engineering, bridge engineering, port water conservancy engineering, geological engineering and other industries, the construction of projects tends to be more and more deep and large-scale, which poses a huge challenge to the needs of practitioners for knowledge of rock mechanics and new requirements for study process of the postgraduate education. Thereinto, the advanced rock mechanics course, as a professional basic course that closely integrates theory and practice, plays a pivotal role in the cultivation of graduate students" professional attainment. In this paper, the main characteristics and main existing problems of the advanced rock mechanics course teaching was analyzed; the actual needs of engineering practice, postgraduate training and national education reform were taken into consideration; and the guiding ideas and practical measures for the teaching reform of this course were put forward. At the same time, the teaching reform practice was carried out in the advanced rock mechanics course for postgraduates majoring in architecture and civil engineering of Tongji university, which achieved good results, and provided a meaningful and good reference for the teaching reform of postgraduate courses in the future.

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    • Constructed “ Four Combinations” Teaching Mode, StrengthenEngineering Ability Training

      MIAO Feng, GUAN Ping, XIA Guoping, MU Yingna, ZHANG Zheng

      Benchmarking standards of first-class curriculum construction, starting from the four dimensions of teacher team, teaching methods, evaluation and quality management, adhering to the "Trinity" engineering education concept of student-centered, OBE and continuous improvement, to highlight and strengthen students" engineering ability training. Through the construction of the "four combination" teaching mode, which including “teaching team with duo-qualification combined inside and outside, blended teaching of online and offline integration, guiding mode combining task and guidance , quality monitoring and feedback mechanism based on the combination of assessment and evaluation”, and precise implementation in the course of "basic principles of concrete structure". Remarkable teaching results have been achieved and the achievement degree of curriculum objectives exceeds 0.7 in 2017 and 2018 academic year, which provides a basis for the construction and continuous reform of related courses.

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    • Exploration and practice of architecture design online teaching under the multi-blended concept ——Taking campus architecture design course as an example

      LIU Xu-hong, GONG Yan-fen, Deng Yeying

      The deep integration of information technology and education and teaching under the background of "Internet +" is the general trend. Online teaching based on information technology is transforming to the new normal. Taking the main course of architecture major "Campus Architecture Design" as the empirical research object, based on the relevant theories of blended-learning and integrated the teaching characteristics of architecture design course and the advantages of online and offline teaching, the exploration and practice of multi-blended online teaching design has been carried out from five aspects by the high-quality online teaching platform: curriculum objectives, teaching tasks, teaching organization, teaching content and teaching evaluation. The analysis of practical results shows that online teaching under the multi-blended concept can effectively stimulate students' learning interest, promote the construction of systematic architecture knowledge and improve the ability of innovative design thinking, which can provide practical references for architecture design online teaching and even other design disciplines in the post-epidemic era. At the same time, it plays a positive role in promoting the first-class undergraduate courses construction of architecture major.

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    • Practice and exploration of Ideological and political education in Engineering Drawing Course


      In order to realize the moral education while imparting knowledge and cultivating professional skills, the ideological and political construction of the course descriptive geometry and engineering drawing makes use of concrete and vivid deeds of advanced figures and engineering construction examples to help students establish correct values, ideas and outlook on life. In order to improve the actual efficiency and practical effect of moral education, the curriculum construction is centered on the socialist core values.The four core modules of political identity, national consciousness, cultural self-confidence and civil personality are organically injected into the framework of curriculum knowledge points and subject content system. Through the flipped classroom teaching design and practice, the classroom efficiency is improved, and the idea of taking the socialist core values as the basic education direction is explored Political classroom teaching system and efficient practical operation mode.

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    • Research and Practice on the Cultivation Mode of College Students' Innovative Ability Based on the "Four-Wheel Drive" Training Mode

      Zhang Yingying, Ye Jihong, Yu Qiu, Jia Fupin, Fan Li, Du Jianmin, Li Xian

      Lide to cultivate people is the fundamental mission of colleges and universities. The undergraduate stage is a critical period for the training of innovative talents in scientific research, and subject competition is an important link to improve the ability of undergraduates in scientific research and innovation and cultivate innovative talents. Based on many years of practical experience in the school of mechanics and civil engineering of china university of mining and technology, this paper puts forward a four-wheel drive training mode of "discipline competition + curriculum construction + large innovation project + system guarantee" for college students' innovative ability training mode. This can cultivate college students’ innovative and practical ability in a multi-level and progressive manner, can effectively encourage students’ individualized development, and promote the quality of talent training from "single, closed, and knowledge-instilling" to "complex, open, and innovative "conversion. This also realizes the real establishment of the scientific concept of pioneering and innovative, and finally achieves the teaching purpose of "knowledge and skill transfer" and "scientific and innovative quality training".

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    • Professional curriculum teaching design of Urban Underground Space Engineering Major under the background of engineering education certification -- Taking

      JIANG Yajun, GUO Chun, JIN Hu, SUN Jixiang, MA Longxiang

      Under the background of engineering education certification, the professional curriculum teaching of engineering majors should also change the concept and mode in time, and carry out the curriculum construction in line with the concept of engineering education certification. Taking the course of Urban Underground Space Planning and Design as an example, this paper introduced the professional curriculum teaching design method of Urban Underground Space Engineering major. Firstly, the top-level design of professional talent training was analyzed, and the orientation and task of the course were discussed; Then, according to the needs of industry development, the corresponding curriculum knowledge system was constructed; Finally, the teaching design of the course was carried out by using the Outcome Based Education (OBE) mode. The exploration and practice work of this paper can provide some reference for the construction and the teaching of professional courses in engineering talent training.

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    • Teaching reliability theory in civil engineering through computational visualization

      Zhang Jie, Huang Hongwei

      As structural design methods based on reliability theory develop rapidly, reliability theory has become an important knowledge for civil engineering students. Because the reliability theory seems to be abstract and complex due to the numerical algorithms involved, learning reliability theory has been a challenging task for students. In this paper, a teaching method based on visualization of computation is described, which is developed through the commonly available software EXCEL. With such a teaching method, different reliability algorithms which involve heavy numerical computations are implemented in EXCEL, where the intermediate results can be displayed explicitly and the programming requirements can be eliminated. As such, students can focus more on the concept and principles of the reliability theory, other than the tedious calculation details. The method of visualization of computation can significantly shorten the process of the learning for students, enhance the efficiency of learning, and improve the effectiveness of teaching. It provides a powerful tool for teaching reliability theory for civil engineering students, which has been considered challenging in the field.

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    • Discussion on the Path of Engineering Social Awareness Cultivation of Engineering Construction Talents

      Zhong Botao, Sun Jun, Xing Xuejiao, Jiao Li, Pan Xing

      With the high-quality development of engineering construction in the new era, new and higher requirements for the education of engineering construction talents have been raised. Based on the engineering paradigm of high-level education, the goal of engineering construction talent cultivation need be transformed from science and technology knowledge education to the overall cultivation of the quality and ability of students, including the engineering social awareness and thinking. The connotation and composition of engineering social awareness were firstly analyzed in this paper. For cultivating engineering social awareness, students should be led to understand the social attributes from multi-dimensional views. Then, taking the construction management major as an example, this paper discussed the path of engineering social awareness cultivation of engineering construction talents.

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    • Research on the Construction of BIM Curriculum System of Engineering Management Major in Finance and Economics Universities

      WANG Chusheng, LIANG Gui-bao, Li Jiao

      Colleges of finance and economics lack engineering technology professional background support, and the practical teaching links are not solid. There is an urgent need to integrate BIM technology into the training of engineering management professionals. How to accurately build a BIM curriculum system has become a difficult point. The establishment of BIM courses in domestic and foreign universities, the advantages and disadvantages of professional teaching in finance and economics universities, and literature research show that the BIM curriculum system for engineering management majors in finance and economic universities should effectively improve the teaching effect of engineering technology theory courses, and fully integrate and use the core courses of engineering economic management. The main goal of the class competition is to consolidate the practical teaching link, and set up BIM basic theory and software operation course group, engineering technology theory auxiliary course group, engineering economic management integration course group, comprehensive practical application improvement course group, forming a combination of theory and practice As an integrated "1+3" BIM curriculum system, it is expected to provide practical guidance for the accurate construction of the BIM teaching curriculum system for engineering management majors in financial universities.

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    • Exploration of ideology and politics teaching method for soil mechanics

      JIANG Shui-hua, XIA Chen-wei, ZHANG Hao-long, LUO Lan, LIU Wei-ping

      The new youth in the new era needs to be cultivated from multiple perspectives including morality, intelligence, physical fitness, aesthetics and labor. The teaching modes of engineering major courses including soil mechanics focus on cultivating talents nowadays, which ignores the talents and morality and is difficult to meet the spirit of general secretary Xi Jinping's report at the university ideological conference. Taking the course of soil mechanics as an example, this paper discusses the basic concept of the course and the necessity of construction the curriculum of ideology and politics. The curriculum of ideology and politics reforms are carried out from the following two aspects: One is to explore the ideological and political elements and general philosophies according to the course theories, including basic nature of soil, soil seepage issue, calculation and analysis of soil stress, soil shear strength and slope stability analysis; The second is to apply the theoretical knowledge to specific engineering cases and achieve inspirational ideological and political education from engineering practice. The soil mechanics teaching method based on curriculum of ideology and politics proposed in this paper is expected to provide ideas for constructing the ideological and political teaching mode of the soil mechanics teaching system in the new era, thus to generate better ideological and political education effects.

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    • New Digital Teaching Mode of Intelligent Construction Program

      liuzhansheng, baiwenyan, duxiuli

      To promote the reform, development, and upgrade of the construction industry, it is necessary to vigorously promote the construction of "new engineering" and cultivate innovative talents. Beijing University of Technology took the lead in carrying out the research and practice of the construction of the intelligent construction major, and proposed a comprehensive digital teaching model based on a new teaching platform. The school has determined the talent training goal of the intelligent construction major, and has explored the construction of curriculum clusters to create a cluster curriculum system for the intelligent construction major. Relying on the school"s subject advantages and scientific research strength, based on the learning process, with "oriented to complete tasks" as the core of teaching, a new teaching platform has been prepared. Relying on the new teaching platform, the teaching mode has been reformed from the technical level, the software level and the hardware level to improve the quality of teaching. At the same time, the students" knowledge structure has been improved, their logical thinking ability has been improved, and it has provided support for cultivating a group of innovative professional and technical talents that meet the needs of the new era.

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    • Research on the teaching idea and practice path of "architectural design basis" for "professional quality"

      Shi Jingyuan, Dong Lili

      It is one of the important missions of higher education to cultivate students' professional quality and strengthen their comprehensive ability. In this paper, Chongqing Jiaotong University Architecture Professional "architectural design basis" course as the research object, in the perspective of professionalism to sort out the current situation and reflect on the problem. Clear teaching objectives and set up teaching reform thinking. We should re integrate and update the teaching path oriented by quality cultivation and ability training, and further construct an evaluation system integrating systematicness, fairness, rationality and motivation. To form a targeted and forward-looking course system of basic architectural design for undergraduates.

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    • Exploration on the construction mode of open experimental platform of road and bridge specialty

      zhou fei, DU Jing, Cheng yu, Xue Jing shun

      As an important part of teaching work in colleges and universities, experimental teaching plays an irreplaceable role in polishing students’ ability to analyze and solve problems and exercising their correct thinking methods, especially for local application-oriented universities. It is an important way to cultivate college students’ practical operation ability, innovation ability, practical ability and entrepreneurial spirit. Taking the road and bridge laboratory of Civil Engineering and Architecture College of Hubei University of Arts and Science as an example, pointed out the problems existing in the current undergraduate experiment teaching; developed an open intelligent comprehensive experimental management platform that integrates experimental project selection, online course cloud sharing and experimental instrument reservation; constructed the two-way selection terminal elimination system to encourage teachers and students to work enthusiastically; improved the course evaluation mechanism that focuses on students’ practical ability; established a special safety management system covering all teachers and students; stimulated students" practical ability and innovation potential; improved the utilization rate of experimental equipment and teaching resources; and laid a solid foundation for better training applied professional and technical personnel.

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    • Research on the teaching of reinforced concrete structural design principle based on ontology

      LIU Yuefei, FAN Xueping

      The course of “Reinforced concrete structure design principles” has the characteristics of many concepts, contents, symbols and formulas. Therefore, how to effectively study, teach and expand this course has become the key content for the teaching reform of “Reinforced concrete structure design principles”. In this paper, the philosophical concept of ontology and the modeling steps of ontology model are introduced, and the main teaching contents of the course “Reinforced concrete structure design principles” are integrated with ontology. Through the establishment of the refined ontology model for the main teaching contents of the course “Reinforced concrete structure design principles”. It is considered that Bayesian thinking can update and improve people"s understanding of the objective world. Based on the built ontology models of the main teaching content for the course “Reinforced concrete structure design principles”, with the relevant information of the service reinforced concrete components, Bayesian method can be used to expand the built ontology models, which can deepen students’ mastery and understanding for the course contents, improve students’ professional knowledge ability and teachers’ teaching quality, and provide a new teaching method for the related courses of civil engineering.

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    • The personnel training?objective and paths for cost engineering major with traffic characteristics

      YANJian, chengrong, Du haizhong, fanmin

      Personnel training objectives of clear and accurate and mature and effective training paths are the key to answer the question of what kind of person and how to train in the construction of cost engineering major. As one of the first "double world-class" universities to set up the cost engineering major (direction), Southwest Jiaotong University, based on its own distinctive traffic characteristics, follows the requirements of discipline and specialty integration construction under the "double first-class" and "new engineering" to upgrade the engineering cost major. In accordance with the development trend of engineering cost major, four bases for determining the training target of engineering cost professional personnel are analyzed, such as service oriented to the demand orientation of high-quality interdisciplinary talents, the external demand power of urbanization process and transportation infrastructure development, the demand of graduate employment distribution and trend development over the years, the intrinsic motivation of the talent cultivation mission of "double world-class" university. The "outstanding application + scientific research innovation " compound talent training target is established. Accordingly, the realization matrix is constructed, and the realization paths of the whole process of engineering whole-cycle cost, such as four levels of capability, four dimensions of practice mode, compound structure of teachers, cooperative education between government- industry- university- research - application, and continuous improvement mechanism are proposed.It provides a reform direction and practical experience for the construction of characteristic engineering cost major.

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    • Research on the Course Evaluation System of

      caoyang, liuchengyu

      Based on the perspective of the comparison between the "Urban and Rural Ecology and Environmental Planning" course and the main design course, combined with the shortcomings of the current course assessment and evaluation, it is proposed to construct a comprehensive assessment system with its own characteristics, aiming to break through the inertia of design thinking and explore ways to achieve diversity through assessment and evaluation. A new teaching model for ability training. First, sort out the teaching focus, teaching objectives, teaching process and teaching ideas of the curriculum that are different from the design curriculum; secondly, construct the evaluation system in the direction of promoting the clarity of the evaluation process and the scientific evaluation of the evaluation results; finally, from the structure of teaching resources and the organization of teaching links , Curriculum Achievement Requirements and Teaching Progress Control Four aspects put forward the teaching path to ensure the implementation of the evaluation system.

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    • “Course and ideological-political-education” of construction courses for civil engineering in application-oriented universities

      JIANG Yi

      The construction of “course and ideological-political-education” is the need to promote the modernization of education and build a powerful country in education, which has important practical significance for cultivating socialist builders and successors. Taking construction courses of civil engineering major in application-oriented universities as an example, on the basis of analyzing the necessity, the construction of “ course and ideological-political-education” is explored from three aspects : capacity building of ideological and political cultivation for teachers, the excavation of ideological and political elements in professional knowledges , and the teaching design and organization of courses.

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    • The Exploration of Ideological and Political Education in the Practice Teaching of Port and Shipping Specialty under the Background of New Engineering

      Fu Xiaoli, Lan Xin, Jiang Yuyun, Xu Duo, Li Junhan

      The new engineering course is a new education model that emerged under the background of new economy and new industry. In the intersecting spiral of theoretical teaching and practical teaching, it promotes the overall development of students and integrates social responsibility, historical mission, engineering awareness, The cultivation of practical ability, innovative spirit and craftsmanship permeates every corner of college engineering education, and insists on training socialist builders and successors as an important mission of education. As the practical teaching of engineering education "half of the country", it bears the same responsibility and obligation of ideological and political education as theoretical teaching. Under the background of the construction of new engineering courses in colleges and universities, in view of the current situation and existing problems of the course ideological and political construction in the practical teaching of port and shipping, Tongji University’s port and waterway and coastal engineering majors are in the professional practice teaching under the guidance of the new engineering construction requirements. The basic compulsory and advanced courses are designed for the overall ideological and political design, the ideological and political elements are refined, the ideological and political teaching system in practical teaching is constructed, the education effect evaluation system is established, and the training plan and the new engineering discipline are established. Task to start case analysis and discussion.

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    • Analysis on the reform of wisdom class teaching model supported by information technology-- Taking 《Engineering Geology》 as an Example


      In line with the problems of the current teaching mode in applied undergraduate institutions, a strategic analysis was conducted from three aspects: teaching process, teaching form and teaching evaluation, and corresponding teaching reform suggestions were made specifically in terms of teaching objectives, teaching mode, teaching activities and teaching evaluation, etc. An intelligent classroom teaching mode supported by information technology was proposed. This teaching mode is based on the intelligent classroom from the perspective of information technology. With the help of the new generation of information technology and the combination of modern information tools, the classroom is organically combined with intelligent tools to build a digital and intelligent modern classroom environment. The teaching mode is applied to the Engineering Geology course, targeting students majoring in urban underground space and implementing the teaching process of " before-class - during-class - after-class". The teaching model was implemented with the support of the Chaoxing Learning Platform. After the completion of the specific course, the application effect is investigated and analyzed. The results showed that the model fully reflected the advancement of the intelligent classroom and achieved excellent teaching results, and changed the learning status of students, improved their comprehensive ability, and helped cultivate the intelligent students.

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    • Research on the Cultivation Mode for International Students in China from the Perspective of Advisors

      Yu Bin, Yang Qian, Zhou Wen, Cheng Jianchuan, Gu Xingyu

      As “The Belt and Road” strategy continues to advance, a large number of international students come to China to pursue professional education. It is of great significance to explore the cultivation mode for international students to ensure the quality. Taking the civil, architecture and transportation majors of Southeast University as an example, this research analyzes the problems existing in the enrollment form, cultivation objectives and cultivation methods of international students from the perspective of advisors through questionnaire survey. The main problems observed are: incorrect understanding of “convergence”, neglected role of tutors, lack of communication mechanism,unclear admission standards, imperfect curriculum system and backward teaching methods. It is proposed to adhere to “appropriate convergence”, increase the participation of advisors, establish a reasonable and effective communication mechanism, and strictly control admissions, and reform the curriculum and teaching system, in order to promote the high-quality development of international students' education in China.

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    • Practice and Research on multi-major graduation design of building electricity and intelligence

      XU Xinyin, WU Zhengtian, FU Baochuan

      Graduation design plays a very important role in cultivating the ability of building electricity and intelligence students to comprehensively use the basic theory, basic knowledge, basic skills and solve practical problems. The multi---major graduation can not only promote the communication between different universities, but also strengthen the construction of this major and expand its influence. Based on the analysis of the seven-year practice teaching mode of the joint graduation design of building electricity and intelligence, this paper discusses the interactive teaching practice of colleges and colleges, colleges and enterprises, and puts forward corresponding suggestions for the existing problems, so as to broaden the students' horizons, realize the mutual benefit and win-win situation of multiple institutions, promote the mutual benefit between teachers and students, implement the concept of sharing educational resources and promote the innovation of multi-dimensional practice teaching mode of collaborative education.

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    • Overview of the development history of building structure technology and its teaching framework exploration

      CHUN Qing, JIA Xaiohu

      As a part of the teaching system of architecture and civil engineering, architectural structure has always focused on teaching structural concepts and principles to students with an engineering mindset. While the history of the development of building structure technology is combined with historiography to show students the whole process of its dynamic development. It covers not only the explanation of the basic principles of different types of structures, but also involves in-depth interpretation of multiple perspectives such as material selection, invention, historical figures, system construction and regional culture. The course “the development history of building technology”, which had been offered by the institute of building technology and science, school of architecture, Southeast University, for master students in recent years, was taken as an opportunity. Based on the results of the teaching exploration of the course “the development history of building structure technology”, combined with relevant literature and knowledge. The lineage of the development history of building structure technology was integrated. On the one hand, it provides a new perspective for teaching structural courses to students in higher architecture schools. On the other hand, it also completes the series of teaching system of the development history of building technology and injects the vitality of the new era.

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    • Practice on the Education of curriculum-based ideological and political education in civil engineering major: taking the course of Soil Mechanics as an example

      JIn Xue Mei

      It is a new measure and attempt of ideological and political education in China in recent years to promote the mutual integration of professional courses and ideological and political courses, to integrate ideological and political education into the whole process of professional education , and to give full play to the educational role of each course. It is also an important task to improve the quality of talent training in an all-round way.In civil engineering major,the core course of Soil Mechanics was specialized as an example. According to the educational target orientation of civil engineering major and the ideological education goal of Soil Mechanics course, clarified the course system, determined the construction path of curriculum-based ideological and political education, excavated deeply the the relationship between the course content and ideological elements, condensed the typical engineering cases and integrated them into the daily teaching. the students mastered professional knowledge. at the same time, they obtained the influence of the education of socialist core values. It is achieved that "knowledge" and "value guidance" as a mutual integration. Curriculum-based ideological and political education becomes an effective complement and auxiliary force for ideological and political education.

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    • Innovative reform of design experiment courses in Colleges and Universities Based on OBE concept ——Take the reform in education of architectural model experiment course as an exampleof architectural model experiment course as an example

      Yanglili, Hua Guanqing, Huang Haijing

      It is a historic mission to build a world-class university and discipline, and to enhance the ability of original innovation. At present, colleges and universities are facing new and important challenges of educational reform.Under the guidance of OBE concept, Chongqing University has carried on the overall structure and improvement to the architectural model experiment course.The reform is results-oriented and student-centered, aims at improving students' ability. By increasing experimental items, expanding experimental contents and optimizing course forms, the reform can effectively stimulate students' professional interest and independent innovation ability.At the same time, the reform promotes the innovative practical education in colleges and universities to better serve the social and economic development, and provides a reference for the reform of design experimental courses in colleges and universities.

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    • The meaning of the new era of practical education、actual encounters and realization paths

      DING Haikui, HE Yunfeng, GONG Ningxiang

      School practice education is an important part of the work of teaching and educating people in the new era. Deeply understand the core connotation of practical education, clarify that schools in the new era need to inherit the philosophical wisdom of practical education, master the educational laws of practical education, and carry out ideological and political education based on practical education.At present, school practice education has the reality of unclear target positioning, insufficient attention, unsatisfactory mechanism, and single content form. It is proposed that the school should focus on the major propositions of cultivating newcomers of the era who are responsible for national rejuvenation, scientifically do a good job in the top-level design of practical education, build a multi-dimensional collaborative education mechanism, attach great importance to the development of the connotation of practical education, and offer students the rich practical menu cultivates newcomers of the era who are responsible for the great task of national rejuvenation.

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    • The Teaching System Optimization of Landscape Architecture History from the Perspective of Synergy Theory

      Li Yicheng, ZHU Sai-nan, ZHOU Jian-hua

      Landscape architecture history, as the core course of landscape architecture major ( LA ), has the important value of exploring ceaseless history to inspire the future. However, the teaching system needs to be optimized under the background that the boundaries of LA are constantly expanding and history as the mode of thinking. Through investigation and analysis, the current teaching of this course has some practical problems, such as the outline framework of "strain at a gnat and swallow a camel ", case analysis of "emotion to reason split", and teaching method of "heavy emphasis on teaching and light practice". Based on the perspective of synergetic theory, this paper proposes to optimize the teaching system by means of optimizing the knowledge structure of the three departments, deepening the cognitive mode through the integration of emotion and reason, and forming historical thinking through related practice. Through the feedback of teaching practice results, it is believed that the students can break through the traditional perspective to pay attention to the overall environment, the passive and receptive learning mode is fundamentally changed, and the construction and implementation of the progressive practice system promotes the formation of their historical thinking of landscape architecture.

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    • Action research on teaching reform of composite structures course and cultivation of critical thinking ability

      HUANG Zhenyu, WU Ying, SUI Lili, XIONG Chen

      Critical thinking ability is an important part of the training program of new engineering talents. Traditional teaching mode of the course of Composite Structures focuses on knowledge transfer and this mode limits students to passive learning — "blind acceptance and imitation" and "cramming". This is contrary to the educational ideology of civil engineering education certification at undergraduate level. Based on the teaching content of Composite Structures, this paper conducts an action research on the mechanism of improving the critical thinking ability of undergraduate students majoring in civil engineering from the aspects of teaching design, teaching method and learning performance evaluation. The teaching contents were selected from the practical problems encountered in the course of Composite Structures. We analyze, evaluate and reflect upon the teaching and learning process in the form of learning community. From the perspective of simulating practical engineering application, comparative teaching method was used in classroom teaching to guide and train students to identify, analyze, evaluate and predict engineering problems holistically, which was an effective way to improve the comprehensive quality of undergraduate students in civil engineering.

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    • Research on the teaching mode and practice of ideology and political theories teaching in all course supported by information technology:Taking engineering mechanics course as an example

      ZHENG Xunzhen

      Information technology brings great impact to higher education teaching.It is of great significance to cultivate high quality engineering talents with both morality and ability, explore the ideological and political teaching mode of courses supported by information technology, and realize the cooperative education of professional courses and ideological and political courses.The concept and practical significance of curriculum ideological and political teaching are clarified. After four years of teaching practice of curriculum ideological and political teaching, it is concluded that there are problems in the teaching practice of engineering mechanics of curriculum ideological and political teaching, such as the students" relatively low sense of participation, the teaching means of ideological and political courses are relatively traditional, and the teaching links of curriculum ideological and political teaching are relatively single.In view of the above problems, the ability goal, knowledge goal and education goal of each module of the teaching content of engineering mechanics course are defined. And put forward the use of multimedia and micro-course production to improve the ideological and political students" sense of participation in the course, bridge model loading competition and finite element software simulation analysis to innovate the form of ideological and political courses, the introduction of learning mobile application and the integration of new media platform to enrich the ideological and political course implementation means and other countermeasures.Finally, taking the course of rational design of beam as an example, the implementation process of ideological and political teaching links of engineering mechanics course supported by information technology is explained in detail through teaching design.

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    • Marine engineering geology practice teaching exploration combination of virtuality and reality based on OBE concept

      Yang Qing, Kong Gangqiang, Gao Lingxia, Wang Zhongchang, Feng Xiaojing

      Marine engineering geology, is one of the compulsory course of undergraduate majors in civil engineering and geological engineering. Exploring the practical training and teaching system is one of the important ways for the new engineering project and "first-class disciplines" build. Based on outcomes based education (OBE) concept, change the teaching concept into, innovate the teaching style and method into and which is the combination of virtual simulation and practical operation. Focus on the goal of the engineering unit"s demand for the graduates, the curriculum objectives and content settings, teaching forms and methods, diversified ability assessment and evaluation are redesigned. The cooperation and collaborative development of school-enterprise, and new model of marine engineering geological practice base build are explored initially. The results can improve the quality of teaching, stimulate students" ability to innovate and entrepreneurship.

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    • The mechanism and practice of industry-education integration from triple helix to triple chain cooperation

      Zeng De-heng, Xie Yu-fei, Zhou Tao

      In the reform of deepening the integration of industry and education and collaborative education, there are some problems, such as "the school is hot, the enterprise is cold". Therefore, the real estate of Chongqing University developed a "three chain cooperation" talent training system based on the triple helix theory, which systematically integrated curriculum chain, talent chain and industry chain, guided "curriculum chain" with "industry chain", matched "industry chain" with "talent chain", and connected "talent chain" with "curriculum chain". And in the process of “first-class specialty”construction, further explored and practiced the “whole process,depth,win-win”school-enterprise cooperation excellent talent training mode, and established the “four channels” for enterprises to participate in the whole process of talent training, through the participation of enterprises and industry associations in specialty construction, the joint construction of high-quality teaching platform by schools and enterprises, the introduction and sharing of high-quality resources, and the participation of enterprises in the whole process of talent training. Remarkable achievements have been made in education, and it provides a model for the integration of industry and education and the reform of school-enterprise cooperation.

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    • Problems and Countermeasures of Engineering Ethics Education under the Background of "Ideological and Political Education":Taking Civil Engineering as an Example

      Jin Huan, Zhao Ying, Yu Song, Xue Zhicheng

      Based on the important measure of higher education reform, which is the integration of ideological and political education into professional courses, starting from the present situation and existing problems of engineering ethics education, taking civil engineering as an example, and taking morality education as the foundation, specialty as the carrier, students as the center, and practice as the guidance, the integration strategies of engineering ethics education are proposed from four aspects of education mode, education idea, teaching content and teaching method. And these strategies are put into practice in the course of concrete and masonry structure. Practice has shown that engineering ethics education, ideological and political education and professional education can be organically integrated and promoted to achieve the education goal of "knowledge impart, ability cultivation, value shaping", and the quality of education is significantly improved.

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    • Curriculum system for the future bridge engineers based on multi-objective training

      Yang Menggang

      Curriculum system is the main carrier of the talents training and achieving the targeted training objectives in the universities. Considering the educational situation of our country and the current developing requirement of the traffic industries, a multi-objective training plan on the longitudinal three level talents and the transverse different professional talents of the future bridge engineers is proposed, based on the training models of engineer talents in America, Germany, and the former Soviet Union and the development history of engineering education in China. In fact, the multi-objective training plan is accordant with the undergraduate education objectives in civil engineering of colleges and universities in China, the international CDIO engineering educational conception, and the enterprise requirements of engineering talents. Finally, the undergraduate teaching curriculum system in bridge engineering of central south university is established, based on the longitudinal chains on the general education, academic education, professional education, and personality cultivation. Also the transverse curriculum group in bridge engineering is set up. Thereby, the training model of the three level talents and the different bridge professional talents is fully formed to bring up the multi-objective future bridge engineers.

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    • Analysis on the reference citation of course papers in engineering science: A case study of course frontier in HVAC major in China University of mining and technology

      LIU Zhan, LIU Yuanliang

      The cultivation of innovation practical ability needs to be carried out on the basis of the previous investigations, and the previous research work plays an important role in the engineering students' progressive innovation. We take the course of "frontier in discipline" as an example to introduce the basic situation of the course and the literature citation of students when completing the course paper; analyze the emphasis to the new literature in recent 3-5 years and the citation data; compare the literature citation of Chinese and foreign languages, point out that domestic students do not pay enough attention to collecting the development status of international research when sorting out the papers. The possible reasons are given. Finally, the paper summarizes the references cited in the process of Engineering College Students' thesis writing, and gives some suggestions.

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    • Practical Teaching Reform and Talent Cultivation of Rural Planning and Construction Based on "Double-Base Synergy Drive‘

      Wang Lei, An Lei

      To implement the requirements of planning first and design services to the countryside in the rural revitalization strategy, the urban and rural planning profession is in urgent need of practical teaching reform. This paper focuses on the educational development needs of strengthening rural planning and analyzes the current situation and problems of rural practical teaching of the urban and rural planning major at the Xi'an Technological University. The author proposes to establish a rural practical teaching base and a rural design service base (referred to as "double-base") and to explore a better promotion of rural practical teaching and talent training under the "double-base synergy drive". In the reform of rural practical teaching, a "one shift + one linkage" has been formed, a shift from the traditional teaching base model to the double-base synergy model, and a linkage for the effective linkage between the reform of professional rural practical teaching and talent cultivation exploration and the national rural revitalization strategy and policy. In the reform of the education and training of professional talents in rural planning, the model of "three combinations + one line" has been formed. The three combinations are the combination of "practical teaching + social services", the combination of "professional teachers + professional mentors", and the combination of "urban and rural planning students + rural volunteer planners", and the one line is the effective connection and integration of different stages of capacity training, such as getting to know a village, understanding a village, planning and designing a village, and serving a village.

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    • SHEN Yusheng, YANG Cheng, FU Haiying, JIANG Yajun, JIN Hu


      At present, a lot of colleges and universities are promoting curriculum ideological and political construction in China, and the general education course is an important carrier for curriculum ideological and political construction with distinct value shaping function. General education runs through the whole process of university education and plays an important role to cultivate students overall quality such as humanistic literacy, moral sentiment,and social responsibility. There are also a series of problems in the course of general education teaching for science and engineering colleages, and there are mainly reflected in the management system and incentive mechanism of general education, designing curriculum content, building teacher team, contradiction between general education and professional education, teaching methods and so on. Science and engineering colleges can overcome those problems by a series of general education or teaching reforms, for example, improving management system, strengthening the top-level design of general education courses, training teacher team, combinating of both general education and professional education or discussing teaching mode. At the same time, the teaching quality of general education must be improved by using of the Internet + tools and increasing students' participation in teaching. Taking the civil engineering general course ‘Subway Culture’ as an example, the paper discusses the teaching idea for overcoming problems of general education course teaching, and shares the interactive teaching method of "student-centered", and explores the teaching mode of general education course in science and engineering colleges. It provide some reference, guidance and reference to promote the construction of general education curriculum in science and engineering colleges.

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    • Exploration on the Innovative Experimental Teaching System of Mechanics under the Background of “New Engineering”

      zhangzhizhen, gaofeng, zhaoyucheng, zhaohuiming, zhongweiping

      Mechanics is an important scientific foundation for engineering subjects, and the innovation experiment course of mechanics is an important carrier to deepen the understanding of mechanics theory and effectively connect engineering technology. The construction of “new engineering” urgently requires the reform of the innovation experiment teaching system for mechanics. Considering the current status and shortcomings of innovation experiment teaching of mechanics, looking into national strategic technology and industrial needs, highlighting industry characteristics, focusing on cross-disciplinary integration, a research-based experimental teaching system of “Engineering Technology Frontier-Innovation Experiment Project-Innovative Product” had been established, and the implementation scheme of the teaching system also had been proposed. Teaching practice shows that this teaching system significantly improves the awareness and ability on “Originality-Innovation-Entrepreneurship” of engineering students, and has good practical significance and promotion value.

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    • Construction and practice of mixed teaching mode of Concrete Structure in post epidemic period

      CAO Jian, LIU Liangfang

      Concrete Structure is a core course of civil engineering with strong theory and practice.Taking the post epidemic period of the deep integration of "Internet plus Education" as the background, on the basis of the existing research results and research, combined with the current teaching situation, respectively from the aspects of the clarity of mixed teaching objectives, the reconstruction of online and offline teaching content, the innovation of teaching methods, the improvement of assessment methods, the construction of teaching quality evaluation system and continuous improvement mechanism, etc. To carry out the research on the teaching reform and practical innovation of the course Concrete Structure, so as to provide reference for the normal development and continuous improvement of online and offline mixed teaching in the post epidemic period.

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    • Exploration and Construction of Blended TeachingSfor the Course of Building Cooling and Heating SourceSong Chongfang, Lei Yonggang, Jing Shenglan, Du Baocun, Du Zhenyu

      Song Chongfang

      The internet-assisted blended teaching is an effective way to promote the rapid and high-quality development of education and promote the progress of education.In this paper, the teaching reform of the course “Building Cooling and Heating Source” was carried out and the online and offline blended teaching mode based on the Rain Classr Platform was explored. The traditional teaching mode was reformed from the three aspects of curriculum training mode reform, process training optimization and achievement evaluation mode construction.This paper explores the main ways of the blended teaching and training system of "Building Cooling and Heating Source", exercises and cultivates students' autonomous learning ability, in order to provide reference for strengthening the discipline construction and deepening the teaching reform.

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    • The application of BIM in the teaching of building electrical and intelligent specialty

      wangmengmeng, zhouxiaoping

      Building information modeling (BIM) is a key technology for the digitization of smart city infrastructure. Its lack of talent has severely restricted the transformation and upgrading of the construction industry and the construction of smart cities. However, the existing BIM courses and teaching system are mainly aimed at architectural design and construction management. They can’t meet the needs of the country, industry and the market for BIM compound talents combining "building + city" with the new generation information technologies such as big data, artificial intelligence. Therefore, this article has established a teaching platform for BIM technology and designed a comprehensive teaching scheme for BIM applications oriented to big data and artificial intelligence. The teaching platform and scheme have been practiced in the national first-class major—Building Electricity and Intelligence. The high value of students"" course experience proves that the method proposed in this article has achieved the purpose of improving the level of BIM teaching and can provide reference for the cultivation of BIM compound talents in similar majors.

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    • A four-in-one teaching mode for advanced engineering thermodynamics

      CAO Xiaodong, PANG Liping, BAI Lizhan, LIN Guiping

      The development of new engineering education has greatly promoted the teaching reform of higher education in China and it is an important measure to help build a powerful nation of higher education. The universities should deepen the teaching reform in education aim, training ideology and teaching methods. Strengthening the cultivation of students’ engineering application ability is an important part of deepening the teaching reform in universities. Advanced engineering thermodynamics, as a basic theory course with strong engineering application, could be regarded as an important entry point for the cultivation of graduate students’ ability to integrate theory with practice. Through the training concept of “new engineering disciplines” talents, this paper discusses a “four-in-one” teaching mode of advanced engineering thermodynamics, including frontier teaching and extension, engineering case design, research project exploration, and comprehensive ability assessment. In this teaching mode, graduate students are encouraged to study and explore independently, and an integrated learning and research community of teacher and students is formed. Finally, the practice platform of cultivating graduate students’ engineering innovation ability is formed with the mutual promotion of teaching, learning, and research, and the students’ engineering application and innovation abilities are enhanced.

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    • Research on Curriculum System Integration of Landscape Architecture Specialty Based on "profoundness-innovation-challenging" under the Demand Orientation


      In the context of the requirements of the Ministry of Education for the establishment of first-class undergraduate majors, the landscape majors of agricultural and forestry colleges are facing higher requirements when updating their curriculum system. The article traces the origin of the development characteristics of the gardening major of agricultural and forestry colleges, and combines the requirements of the "profoundness-innovation-challenging" standard in the "Double Ten Thousand" plan for the construction of first-class majors and first-class courses, sorts out the characteristics and requirements of the curriculum system, and takes "Forestry Majors" as the characteristic , while integrating the professional standards of "architecture".On this basis, the TOPSIS entropy method is used to analyze the rationality of the demand-oriented landscape architecture curriculum system of Anhui Agricultural University, and obtain the optimal ideal solution of the overall curriculum system, the main curriculum system and the innovative practice curriculum system. Compared with the constructed curriculum system, the results show that the overall recognition is high. It further confirmed the scientific nature of the curriculum system of the gardening major of the agricultural and forestry colleges and universities, meeting the requirements of diversified teaching with the characteristics of "new agricultural science" combined with multidisciplinary crossover, and achieved the training goals.

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    • The Design and Implementation of Ideological and Political Teaching of "Introduction to Civil Engineering"

      Yan Xiaoli

      "Introduction to Civil Engineering" is a basic course that tells about the history of civil engineering development, various civil engineering objects, basic civil engineering activities, and civil engineer occupations. The content of "Introduction to Civil Engineering" determines the relevant moral education elements such as core socialist values, family and country sentiments, international vision, innovative thinking, professional ethics, academic accomplishment, building a strong country, craftsmanship and other related moral education elements. The paper discusses the goals of curriculum ideological and political, designs the mapping points of curriculum ideological and political according to specific content. It also analyzes the implementation plan of curriculum ideology and politics in three aspects: carrying out curriculum ideology and politics in "poetry and picturesque", carrying out curriculum ideology and politics in "indirect practice", and carrying out curriculum ideology and politics in "humanistic feelings".

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    • Reform and Practice of Multi-High-story Structure Design Course in General Undergraduate College

      YAN Wenshang, XU Guoqiang, LIU Linlin, LIU Zijian, LIU Yingli

      High-story structure design is a professional course of civil engineering majors. Combining the results of the student questionnaire survey and teaching experience of the subject group, this paper expounds and analyzes the current problems and the current situation of teaching reform of the Multi-High-story structure design course. According to the characteristics of ordinary undergraduate colleges, our subject group puts forward a reform plan, named Modular Counterexample Teaching Method. Teaching content is re-modularized according to the structure type. Teaching methods are based on self-proposed counterexample teaching method and question method, and the assessment method draws on the examination mode of National Registered Structural Engineer Professional Qualification, which is output-oriented and combines the formative evaluation and comprehensive evaluation. Through the gradual development and continuous attempts of the teaching reform program in the past two years, although the academic performance needs to be further improved, the classroom effect and learning atmosphere have been substantially improved, which has verified its feasibility and good application prospects.

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    • Research on training status of cultivating master"s Degree in civil engineering

      Luliang, Hebing

      In order to promote the deepening reform of the training model for masters in civil engineering, the current status of the training of masters in civil engineering was investigated with the master of civil engineering from the School of Civil Engineering of Chongqing University as the research object; summarized from the aspects of curriculum, tutorial system, professional practice, etc. The current status of the master"s training in civil engineering is analyzed; and the corresponding countermeasures are put forward to related problems to help the master"s training in civil engineering.

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    • Exploration on optimizing college “Three-wide Education” synergetic mechanism under Sino-foreign cooperation in education

      Tan Hongyu

      As an important part of higher education in our country, Sino-foreign cooperation in education bears an important mission of training international talents. As the absence of top-level design of “Three-wide Education” synergetic mechanism, isolation and disconnection of collaborative education subjects, and insufficient linkage of collaborative education platform in colleges and universities, Sino-foreign cooperative schools shall combine their own characteristics, take moral cultivation as the guide, take Marxist theory as the guidance, adopting methods like top-level design, social resources integrating and scientific evaluation mechanism introducing, to build a multi-level education system, optimize college “Three-wide Education” synergetic mechanism, and make joint efforts by all staffs in whole process and all directions. Sino-foreign cooperative schools must construct “Three-wide Education” synergetic mechanism from dimensions of education concept, platform, system and resource to form joint effort system and good education mechanism in joint education, accurate education, position education and social practice education, and thus promote Sino-foreign cooperative schools’ ideological and political education more scientific, standardized and efficient, meanwhile, provide theoretical basis and practical guidance for training modern talents with strong national feelings, broad international vision, profound professional foundation and outstanding innovative and practical ability.

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    • Discovering the interrelationships between engineering ethics education and students, and several misconceptions as well

      Fang Zhaoxin

      Ethics education may play a role of ‘silk road’ in both fostering virtue/mentality through education and cultivating engineering talent. Engineering ethics education needs to focus on the interrelationships between itself and students’ study and social life so that it can reinforce students’ participation. Firstly, it attempted to build the relation between students’ surroundings (e.g., social life, engineering experience) and ethics, thus mitigating the barrier between them. Secondly, it cultivated ‘large-scale engineering’ by integrating morality appraisal, value judgement and dialectical analysis, and furthermore, widened students’ breadth of mind and vision, thus providing reference and enlightenment for students’ academic and professional development. Finally, it attempted to discover ethical tradition, risk consciousness, and systems engineering idea from traditional culture, thereby promoting the dialogue between tradition and modern ethics. Its overall objective was to help students realize true value and significance of learning ethics, and improve their interest and sensibility to ethics.

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    • Innovative exploration of the teaching content of real estate management course guided by Xi Jinping"s new socialist economic thought with China"s characteristics

      Tan Shukui

      Curriculum ideological and political education is an effective way to implement the party's leading role in the ideological and political work in Colleges and universities and to cultivate new people of the times, which is in full swing in many colleges and universities. After several years of exploration and practice, the teaching team of real estate management in Huazhong University of science and technology has not only found the universal path and targeted measures of Ideological and political education, but also made remarkable achievements in cultivating talents for the party, the country and the socialist builders and successors through professional classroom teaching. However, in-depth study found that the course of real estate management,open to the majors of public affairs management and politics and administration, aiming at cultivating the new force of government agencies and their constituent departments, is obviously not enough to pursue implicit ideological and political education but must pursue explicit ideological and political education, explicit education, sound education and clear-cut education. At present, the propaganda and implementation of Xi Jinping's new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics is obviously the first and overwhelming task of ideological and political education for the course of real estate management. This paper proposes the innovative thinking of the content system of real estate management under the guidance of Xi Jinping's new socialist economic thought with China's characteristics, and determines the framework and specific contents of the course according to the theoretical skeleton of seven persistence. This article has great reference value for many management courses to further promote Xi Jinping's new socialist thought with Chinese characteristics and to cultivate students as Xi Jinping's strong believers, loyal practitioners and active communicators in China's new era China's socialist ideology.

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    • Application of variation pedagogy in the course of geometric construction analysis

      QIAO Peng, MA Qianying, He Jun, XING Guohua

      During the teaching of geometric construction analysis in structural mechanics course, it was found that students did not master several key concepts, which may cause mistakes in problem solving. In order to improve the understanding of new concepts, the conceptual variation originating from pedagogy of variation was adopted in class teaching activities, which is based on the theory of knowledge visualization and cognitive load. According to some mistakes in students’ homework, the graphical representations of essential variation and unessential variation of the concepts, such as virtual hinge, hinged triangle and binary system, were provided to complement the original explanation of the new concepts. Owing to the conceptual variation teaching method, the students’ cognitive load in learning was reduced and the long-term memory was formed more easily. Finally, the teaching effectiveness was investigated, which shown that the conceptual variation method will help the students not only enhance their ability to correctly analyze the geometric construction, but also cultivate their personal perceptual ability.

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    • Curriculum Design of Architectural Design for Urban and Rural Planning Major based on Problem Orientation——Take Nanjing Tech University as an Example

      ye ru hai, yan zheng, peng ke wei, li xiao lei, fu yue

      With the establishment of the territorial spatial planning system, in order to effectively respond to the people's demand for high-quality space, the curriculum of architectural design for the lower grades of urban and rural planning major also needs to be adjusted accordingly, and a problem-oriented architectural design teaching system needs to be established. After years of exploration, the teaching of architectural design course of urban and rural planning major in Nanjing Tech University has gradually established a "1 + 2" course system based on "1" status quo investigation and analysis, and then launched "2" different types of design workshop, with the problem as the guide, space as the main line, and environment as the constraint. Through a substantial increase in the status quo analysis of the research, strengthen the constraints of the environment, outstanding the problem-oriented architecture and environmental design, strengthen the students' awareness of architecture and environment, improve the ability to solve specific problems, further understand the relevant design logic, better connect the urban and rural planning and design course of senior grade.

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    • Research on the talent cultivation model of digital modeling and simulation in industry-oriented education: taking the teaching of "Engineering fluid mechanics" as an example

      chen xuebin

      "China Education Modernization 2035" focuses on the explicit problems and weak parts in the education, and points out that it is necessary to strengthen the connection and integration of education and industrial development, and enrich and innovate curriculum forms. Digital modeling and simulation are the key content in the training of information technology ability, and the cultivation quality is of great significance to the teaching reform in universities. At present, application-oriented universities have lagged behind the needs of enterprises in the cultivation of digital modeling and simulation. This requires related universities to carry out industry-oriented education in specific curriculum contents. "Engineering Fluid Mechanics" is a "school-level excellent course" in Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, which plays an important role in improving the quality of talent cultivation. The teaching team actively uses modern information technology by introducing a "three-level" teaching method with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation. The curriculum reform lays a foundation for further improving the adaptability of courses to industry needs by leading students to operate various engineering applications from the simple case to the complex case.

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    • Application of Virtual Simulation Experiment of Bridge Technical Condition Assessment

      xu xunqian, Ge Wenxuan, Xiang Hongliang, zhang Chen

      Using Unity3D, WebGL technology, OpenGL technology and 3D simulation technology, the project "Virtual Simulation Experiment of Bridge Technical Condition Assessment" was developed based on the identification of bridge engineering disease threshold control index. The application of the technology of bridge condition assessment of virtual simulation experiment teaching system, build cover experiment "preparation, implementation, review, examine the whole process of the" mix "of the implementation process, can better solve the single entity experiment because of" cost ", "security risk" and the limitation of "schedule" to "disease detection operations review, assessment, highway bridge members spatial location representation, technical condition evaluation of teaching effect is poor", Also can strengthen the student before entering the entity project site on the division of spatial position relationship between perceptual knowledge of the project, the condition of bridge engineering detection and evaluation of "normalization" operation process, realize the bridge technique condition evaluation of virtual simulation experiment "integrity, high efficiency, green, environmental protection" open and examination of full coverage of the experimental process.

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    • Integrated Teaching Design and Practice of Curriculum Ideology and Politics Based on Gene Implantation in Basic Principles of Steel Structure


      Under the background of the construction of "new engineering disciplines" , how to highlighting the "educating-people orientation" of higher education, merging the implicit ideological and political education with the professional course teaching of engineering students organically, and realizing the integration and resonance of theoretical knowledge education and social values education, are the main issues facing in the course teaching reform of higher education in recent years. In this paper, the course of basic principle of steel structure of civil engineering major as an example. The ideological and political elements, such as red gene, patriotic gene, craftsman spirit and engineering ethics, are integrated into teaching content, method, design and evaluation links through the way of "genes implantation" of "moisturize things in silence". The whole process, multi-angle and multi-dimensional guidance is carried out and promotes the deep integration of ideological and political education with curriculum teaching objectives, elements and process. A new Integrated teaching model of curriculum Ideology and politics is constructed.

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    • The construction of university funding mechanism from the perspective of big data

      Feng Jiawen, Chen Dong, Lin Jianjun

      Subsidizing precision research is a key topic discussed by universities in recent years. Based on the implementation strategy of "precision poverty alleviation" policy put forward by general secretary Xi Jinping, this paper makes a survey of the current precision funding work in Colleges and universities, analyzes the current situation and existing problems of the subsidy work combined with the actual situation in Colleges and universities, and discusses the mechanism of precise assistance for college students based on the big data platform. Mechanism, collaborative security mechanism, funding and education mechanism to ensure the accuracy of university funding.

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    • Research on the reform of teaching content and curriculum system of architectural optics for green building innovative talents training

      HE Ying, WENG Ji, XU Jingfeng, ZHANG Haibin

      in order to cultivate green building innovative talents with strong innovative thinking ability and interdisciplinary integration, it is necessary to reform the existing teaching content and curriculum system. Taking the course of architectural optics as an example, combined with the preliminary course construction and research foundation of Chongqing University, and guided by the cultivation of green building innovative talents, the reform of course teaching content and course teaching system is carried out. Through the reconstruction of curriculum system, the reform of teaching methods, the expansion of teaching mode and the optimization of evaluation methods and measures, the innovative talent training system is constructed to promote the interdisciplinary integration and coordinated development; Establish the integration of production, teaching and research and the cooperation platform between school and enterprise; Strengthen the construction of experimental platform, strengthen students" practical ability; Establish the discipline competition training guidance system to enhance students" comprehensive ability. The research can realize the innovation of green building talent training mode, break the discipline barriers and promote the integration of disciplines; It is of great significance to the cultivation of green building innovative talents.

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    • Teaching Reform of Academic English Course for Urban and Rural Planning Specialty


      The current background of internationalization and informationization has put forward new requirements for the teaching of English for urban and rural planning, and the reform of this course is imperative. This article takes the academic English course teaching of urban and rural planning major in Chongqing University as an example. By sorting out its current teaching lack of systematic design, failure to effectively promote the learning of professional knowledge, and duplication with basic English courses, it is proposed that this course should focus on professional knowledge rather than English. The teaching goal of this course should be cultivating students" English thinking and using English skills to explore professional knowledge on their own. Under the guidance of this principle and goal, this article proposes to improve the curriculum system design from the teaching level, introduce new knowledge and cultivate English thinking, strengthen the transfer of professional knowledge, and actively deal with the relationship with basic English courses. At the same time, it can expand the existing teaching methods, promote communication and summaries, and use emerging network teaching platforms to realize teaching reforms to meet the current requirements for academic English courses of urban and rural planning and effectively play the role of this course in assisting and supporting other related courses.

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    • The implementation of tutorial system for undergraduates and relevant suggestions——A case study in the School of Civil Engineering and Architecture in Wuhan Institute of Technology

      SHU Suxun, SHU Ai, BAI Xixuan, CHEN Xuyong, WU Qiaoyun

      The tutorial system for undergraduates is an important method to deepen the reform of engineering education, to promote first-class education for undergraduates, to improve talent training quality, and to facilitate individualized development. A case study of the tutorial system in the School of Civil Engineering and Architecture in Wuhan Institute of Technology was conducted. The experience and achievements in the past eight years were summarized, and the deficiencies and shortcomings were analyzed. Relevant suggestions such as strengthening theory propaganda, clarifying the detailed missions of the tutorial system, enhancing the rewarding and punishing system, stimulating teachers’ and students’ enthusiasm, developing individualized and comprehensive plans, promoting team-work collaborations and increasing corresponding supports, building an interactive platform are put forward, in order to improve the efficiency of the tutorial system, contribute an all-round growth of the undergraduate’ s competency and improve the school’s education quality. It is also expected to provide references for the other schools and colleges that also conduct the tutorial system for undergraduates.

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    • Exploration of the construction of honorary courses in fluid mechanics under the direction of "gender degree"

      FUXIAOLI, Cao Jinxin, Zhang Hong Kong

      According to the "gender degree" standard, the construction objectives and principles of the honorary course of fluid mechanics are determined in terms of teaching syllabus remodeling, teaching method innovation, teaching staff construction, student selection and assessment requirements, etc., and the characteristics of the honor course, "problem driven as the starting point", "basic concept as the fulcrum", "learning output as the guidance" and "virtual simulation practice teaching as the expansion", are put forward ”. Taking the contents of "four forms of continuous equations and their relationship with different flow models", "computational fluid dynamics technology in virtual simulation platform" and "progress of modern fluid measurement technology" as examples, the requirements of three standards, namely, high-order, innovative and challenging, in the course teaching content, virtual teaching platform and students' learning output are elaborated . The related exploration can provide reference for the construction of honorary courses of fluid mechanics and other mechanics.

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    • Discussion on experiment teaching content of engineering structure seismic courses

      Lu Liang, SU Lei, GE Xue, XU Peidong, CAO Wenqing

      The seismic courses of engineering structure are comprehensive professional courses of civil engineering. There are many tedious theories in engineering structure seismic courses, and some knowledge points are related to the latest development of structural seismic technology. Through experiment practice, students' understanding of engineering structural seismic theory and technology can be strengthened. At present, there is no experiment teaching content matching with seismic courses of engineering structures or sporadic seismic experimental projects are not systematic. Based on the analysis of the present situation of structural experiment teaching and the class teaching content of engineering seismic courses, it is suggested to set up two groups of experiment teaching programs: (1) seismic performance related structural experiment; (2) mechanical performance experiment of building and bridge vibration-control devices.

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    • Probe on applied talents training mode of construction materials quality inspection for occupation skill training

      Zhang Hansong, OU Zhongwen, WANG Chong, WANG Ruiyan, HU Zhide, LEI Yulong, CHEN Xiaoyun

      Construction materials are the basis of civil engineering, to estimate them strictly is not only a guarantee to engineering quality, but also a key procedure of engineering construction. Therefore, the construction material should be tested regularly as required during the construction process. As a highly professional, normative and technical work, the quality inspection of construction material requires employees to master abundant relative knowledge and professional skills. In order to satisfy this requirement, one of the most important methods for construction material inspectors to acquire relevant knowledge and skills is occupation skill training. This study discussed the current situations in applied talents training of construction materials quality inspection. The characteristics, regular patterns and main challenges of occupation skill training were analyzed as well. Then the improvement measures and basic implementation strategies to improve the training effects were expounded briefly. Then the "Three Consciousness" for employees and training emphasis were explained in detail. This study also underlined the significance of building multiple teaching resources. Finally, a new five step progressive training method is proposed based on the training practice.

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    • Short cycle teaching practice of public building design course under constructivism

      LIU Yang, ZHANG Quan, CAO Hai-ying

      The public architecture design course of architecture major in Hefei University of Technology has carried out the short period teaching reform under the guidance of constructivism, which has changed the traditional teaching idea and improved the teaching effect. By reviewing the new needs of the society and the new characteristics of students, this paper analyzes the current situation of shortening the class hours of public architectural design course and the origin of the short cycle teaching reform of public architectural design course, puts forward the teaching objectives of cultivating logical ability, innovation ability, comprehensive ability and self-learning ability, and explores the constructivism teaching mode and teaching organization matching with architectural design course. This paper introduces the short cycle teaching practice of public architecture design course for sophomores majoring in architecture in Hefei University of technology in 2020 from five aspects: task interpretation, real situation, teaching methods, topic research, concept generation and design improvement. It also reflects on the short cycle teaching under constructivism, and finds that it is still necessary to further strengthen the awareness of participation, self-determination and demand different consciousness and subject consciousness.

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    • Research on comprehensive scientific research ability training measures and tutor team construction of Postgraduate in civil engineering field under the background of

      gouhongye, puqianhui, hongyu, mozhixiang

      Emerging engineering education is a major strategic decision of China"s engineering education to cope with new technology and new development. As a traditional engineering major, civil engineering needs to adjust the Future development direction of the industry. Taking the full-time Postgraduates of civil engineering as the research objects, this paper expounds the necessities of emerging engineering construction in this major, analyzes and summarizes some problems existing in the current postgraduate ability training process; On this basis, it proposes the training targets and measures of postgraduates" cross innovation ability, including practical innovation ability, scientific research innovation ability and interdisciplinary ability. Taking tutor team building as subsidiary issue, promoting the cultivation of postgraduates’ ability to improve the overall quality and education quality of full-time graduate students and cultivate more high-level talents for China.

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    • Engineering ethics education as a course of Ideological and Political Education

      Qin Hongling

      Based on the comparative perspective of engineering ethics education in China and US, this paper proposes a engineering ethics education mode with Chinese characteristics based on the "ideological and political education in curriculum" approach. Emphasize the guidance of mainstream values in teaching objectives; The focus of education theme is on how to conduct engineering professional courses which carry out the requirements of moral education and highlight the infiltration education under the concept of "Curriculum Education". This model is helpful to broaden the theme of engineering ethics from the perspective of the organic combination of engineering technology and humanistic education, engineering discipline culture and professional ethos. Engineering ethics education, as the part of localization strategy in ideological and political education in curriculum, should strengthen system guarantee, strengthen the concept recognition of teachers, constructing a collaborative mechanism for teachers of engineering ethics courses, and enhance the educational effect of embedded approach.

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    • Research on application case courses in the cultivation of engineering master degree graduate students

      WEI Jihong, LIU Jin, SHI Xiao, BAI Yuxia, QI Changqing

      Case course teaching focuses on the combination of theory and practice, and aims to solve the problem of disconnection between theoretical knowledge and practical work. The teaching of the case course is in line with the training goal of the master of engineering and is an important direction of the education reform of the master of engineering now. Taking the case course of Geological Engineering Master of Hohai University as an example, the construction and implementation of case courses are discussed, and suggestions for further improvement of case teaching are given. The results show that case teaching method is a teaching mode suitable for engineering masters, which can effectively mobilize graduate students’ learning enthusiasm, promote their thinking, and enhance learning outcomes. Meanwhile, it is an enlightening, open and interactive learning process, which needs mutual cooperation and joint efforts of teachers and graduate students to complete. The case teaching method can be improved in following five aspects: strengthening teachers’ scientific research literacy, enriching teaching case categories, selecting typical practical engineering cases, strengthening teacher-student interaction, and improving the evaluation mechanism for graduate.

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    • Practice and Implication of BIM Education for AEC Programs in USA and UK Universities

      Li Jintao, Wang Shuqiang, Liang Zhengwei

      Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology has become a powerful driving force for the transformation of the construction industry. The effective integration of BIM in engineering education is the key to cultivating the construction industry practitioners. Based on the review of the progress, contents and challenges in BIM education, this study systematically described the levels, curriculum settings, formats and teaching methods of BIM education in architecture, engineering, and construction programs in American and British universities, and also summarized their core ideas, topics, courses and methods of BIM education. Domestic colleges and universities should speed up the pace of BIM education in architecture, engineering, and construction programs from all aspects such as BIM curriculum system, software and hardware environment, faculty team, teaching pattern and university-enterprise cooperation.

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    • Analysis of Problems in Engineering Graduation Design and Reflections on the Construction of its Teaching System

      DING Yong, LI Wenjing, GAO Yafeng

      This paper takes the engineering graduation design as an entry point, deeply analyzes the problems about the lack of knowledge coverage and incomplete course system in the current engineering teaching curriculum, based on the analysis of the credit composition of a certain engineering major and the investigation of graduation design issues. Then paper discusses the resulting problems in the graduation design process, including the superficial grasp of the problems, segmentary knowledge system, the need of course re-learning and etc., and thus proposed the thinking to build teaching system from three levels concluded professional knowledge, curriculum system and promotion requirements.

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    • The practice of positive design in community construction: the case of the community construction in DGZ South Street, Guangzhou

      Ye Jiajie, Xiao Lei, Zhao Yinan, Lin Guangsi

      Community construction is an important method of urban stock renewal, and its starting point is to promote the well-being of residents. For this purpose, the paper is based on the theories related to well-being in the field of positive psychology, searching for the intersection of positive psychology and design, applying positive design framework in community construction, the framework shows that design can be source, symbol, enablement and support of happiness, promoting people"s positive emotions, participation, positive relationships, meaning and achievement. Verifying the theoretical framework by practice, we made the conclusion that the positive design framework can be applied in community construction.

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    • Framework and teaching plan for intelligent construction programme

      LU Yu-jie, GAO Hui, HUO Tian-zhao

      With the integration of traditional construction fields with information technology, the concept of intelligent construction came into being. Intelligent construction has also become the direction of opening a major in colleges and universities, but the establishment of intelligent construction programme is still in the initial stage. The school-running philosophy, curriculum system, and talent training of intelligent construction have not yet reached a consensus, and the teaching plan that can be implemented is urgently needed. Based on the results of a questionnaire survey for 30 college teachers in civil engineering and related majors, this paper clarifies the challenges faced by the intelligent construction programme, and combines the new requirements for the construction of new engineering disciplines, and proposes the intelligent construction programme from the multiple perspectives of curriculum system, teacher strength, teaching method, teaching platform, and management system. Also, the authors construct a framework system of intelligent construction programme "P-S-R (Pressure-Stress-Response)" and plan the path of intelligent construction programme and the development focus of each period. The new model of the teaching plan is expected to provide assistance in the establishment of intelligent construction majors in colleges and universities and break the bottleneck of intelligent construction programme.

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    • Construction and Practice of Online and Offline Mixed Teaching Mode of Introduction of Civil Engineering Based on SPOC Flipped Classroom


      This paper takes the introduction of civil engineering course as an example under the background of “wide civil engineering“. A flipped-mixed teaching framework with SPOC platform as the carrier and "issue eliciting, precision teaching, personalized learning" as the main line is constructed, which combines with various elements of modern information and traditional teaching mode. Subsequently, the case design is carried out and the teaching effectiveness is evaluated. The results show that the flipped-mixed teaching provides accurate, rich, diversified and personalized online resources and whole-process interaction, which stimulates the initiative of students’ independent learning and?breaks the time and space limit of teaching activities. It makes students' understanding, mastering and application of new knowledge more in-depth and comprehensive through preliminary internalization before class, deep internalization in class and comprehensive internalization after class. The mixing model is benefit to the improvement the individual comprehensive quality of students and the solving?ability to complex engineering problems, by means of guiding interaction, exploring students' strengths and cultivating students' individual development.

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    • Exploration of innovative talent training mode of building environment and energy application engineering specialty under the background of new engineering disciplines

      ZHANG Dengchun, HAO Xiaoli, YU Meichun, HU Jinhua

      Under the background of new economy and industry, the major of building environment and energy application engineering is facing unprecedented opportunities and challenges. Taking this major of Hunan University of science and technology as an example, the paper summarizes its main measures in the aspects of talent cultivation mode, improvement of experimental teaching conditions, practical teaching reform, discipline competition and scientific and technological innovation, and explores the innovative talent cultivation methods of building environment and energy application engineering under the background of new engineering disciplines, so as to adapt to the mode transformation of higher engineering education.

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    • Thoughts on the teaching reform of ideological and political construction of Rural Planning Course under the background of national strategy——Taken Harbin Institute of Technology as an example


      The students of Urban-Rural Planning major will take on the important responsibility of realizing the Rural Revitalization National Strategy in their future career. Rural planning course is one of the core courses in the training of urban-rural planning professionals. Based on this background, in this paper, the guiding ideas about teaching reform of ideological and political construction of rural planning course are put forward, including adhering to the national strategy, closely focusing on the cultivation of values and effectively integrating into the course teaching. Furthermore, the key contents of the ideological and political construction of Rural Planning Course are proposed including the identification and exploration of the ideological and political elements of the course, the construction of the ideological and political resources, and the expansion of the teaching methods.

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    • Scientific scaffolding in post-graduate courses of geotechnical engineering under the background of emerging engineering education

      Yao Weilai, Liu Yuanxue, Chen Jin, Cheng Xiang

      Under the background of emerging engineering education, the cultivation of outstanding scientific and technological talents in geotechnical engineering asks for higher requirements for graduate education in terms of innovation, scientific research and academy. Different from those existed teaching modes, “scientific scaffolding” mode recommended by this research is created under “capability domain” for the first time, which is straightforwardly designed by considering competency training rather than contents of courses. The education of post-graduates is a process of construction of scientific ability system, namely, the building of “scientific scaffolding”. In the training programs of post-graduates, curriculum teaching is the initial period and critical part for the assembling of “scientific scaffolding”, which is given by distinct researching attributes. Courses organized within multi-disciplines, are taught by learning a series of special subjects, forming a new education pattern that learning a special subject, carrying out a research at the same time. The training of scientific research is conducted through the whole process of post-graduate education from the beginning. In this paper, the theoretical basis of “scientific scaffolding” mode is discussed, the designing idea is presented, the implementation processes are investigated, and ideal teaching effects are highlighted in practice, which may break new frontiers for the education of post-graduates.

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    • Exploring and practice of ideological education in professional experimental classes-Based on course of Mixture Design of Cement Concrete

      YANG Wencui, CAI Xiaoping, ZHAO hui, GE Yong

      Professional experimental classes are important part and effective path for students to develop comprehensive abilities and innovation ability. Based on the course of Mixture Design of Cement Concrete, ideological elements including engineer professional quality, scientific literacy and values of honesty, kindness, mutual help and cooperation were explored. Considering the teaching objectives, course content and teaching methods, the ideological elements were designed into teaching process to incorporate with the professional knowledge and skills. The teaching practice showed that students paid more attention and showed more enthusiasm to this course. Meanwhile the degree of participation of students and communication between students were improved. Students showed more interests to the civil engineering materials and the ability to analyze and solve related problems.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Professional Skilled Talents Training Model for Construction Engineering Under the Backgroundof

      QU Danying

      This article expounded on the background of the “National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan ”issued by the State Council in 2019, combined with the reform of the three vocational education and the development of the construction industry, and proposed the necessity of modern engineering education and teaching reform, and introduced Shanghai Jiguang Polytechnic College the condition of practice in the training of construction engineering professionals, including the implementation of teaching reforms based on the cultivation of "engineering consciousness rements of construction engineering ability training and technical development, and the compilation of corresponding new textbooks and supporting materials Information teaching resources.this teaching reform runs through the entire process of student training and follows the new requirements of vocational education in the new era.

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    • Employment strategies of college students based on the efficiency analysis of construction industry in Jiangsu Province

      YANG Bing-zhen

      To provide the basis for college students’ accurate employment, the efficiency characteristics of construction industry in Jiangsu Province were studied by the method of DEA-SBM model. The results showed that: (1) In terms of quality, the comprehensive efficiency of construction industry in Jiangsu Province was poor, however, the construction industry in Suzhou and Nantong was efficient. (2) The inefficiency of construction industry in Jiangsu Province was mainly determined by the output inefficiency, and the production status of construction industry provided conditions for full employment of college students. (3) In terms of prefecture level city, the efficiency level of construction industry was affected by pure technical efficiency or scale efficiency in different regions, and the efficiency analysis played an important role in diversified employment choice of college students. Based on the results, some suggestions are put forward to improve the production efficiency of construction industry in Jiangsu Province and meet the needs of college students" scientific and reasonable employment.

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    • Construction and Practice of experimental course for comprehensive innovative talent training

      chenjinhua, shenxuelian, linan, gaoyafeng, dingyong, liumeng

      The School of Civil Engineering of Chongqing University takes the "Double first-class" construction, "Double ten thousand plan", "excellent plan", "new engineering construction" and other policy strategies and reform projects as opportunities and aims at cultivating comprehensive engineering talents with innovative spirit and excellent practical and application ability. It continues to build and improve its curriculum by means of knowledge system improvement, integration of scientific research and teaching resources, interdisciplinary teaching, educational informationization construction and diversified teaching methods expansion.Since 2002, Building Environment and Energy Application Engineering speciality has taken the lead in building and practicing the independent experimental "Professional Comprehensive Experiment Course". In 2019,the experimental projects of "Professional Comprehensive Experiment Course" were highly recognized by students in consolidating their understanding of professional knowledge, exercising their practical application ability, analyzing and summarizing ability, innovative thinking and other aspects. The course carries out the teaching philosophy of "student-centered" and has a distinct sequential and systematic character in talent cultivation.It has mature information technology and integrates undergraduate theoretical teaching, engineering application practice and master and doctoral academic research."Professional Comprehensive Experiment Course" makes the experimental practice teaching a real "battlefield" for students' knowledge transformation and ability training.

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    • Research on the learning effectiveness of engineering ethics education based on value shaping

      ZHANG Bing, ZHANG Mu-ying, ZHANG Min-li

      The professional education stage is the most important and most effective period for the cultivation of engineering ethics awareness. In order to explore how to enhance the learning effectiveness of engineering ethics education, the research focuses on engineering ethics education promotion path, constructs a path promotion analysis framework model, and uses PLS to explore the influence mechanism of learning effectiveness. It is expected to put forward the reasonable structure of engineering ethics education in our country by examining the effective learning path of engineering ethics education, so as to realize the goal of promoting the comprehensive growth of engineering talents and the efficient training of engineering talents.

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    • Design and practice for course ideological and political education reformation of surveying engineering

      ZHOU Yongjun, DUAN Haijuan

      Aiming at the training goals of civil engineering students, combining the development of surveying and mapping technology and its application status in civil engineering, taking the new round of training plans and syllabus reforms as an opportunity, through comprehensive excavation of the ideological and political elements in the course of Surveying Engineering, The syllabus is redesigned by changing the teaching contents and absorbing the curriculum ideological and political teaching (CIPE) points. The ideological and political teaching and corresponding knowledge point design, curriculum ideological and political teaching methods and measures are designed in this paper. Finally, the Mount Everest elevation measurement and Beidou navigation system construction are chosen as typical cases to introduce the CIPE of the relevant chapters.

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    • The Construction Mechanism and Function of Graduate Tutor Team

      Nibin, Zhangjilu, Liuxinrong

      With the increasing demand for high-quality compound talents in society, the scale of graduate enrollment continues to expand, and the diversity of graduate enrollment types develops, the limitations and deficiencies of the traditional single-tutorial graduate training gradually appear. In view of the main problems existing in the process of postgraduate training in recent years, this paper analyzes the relationship between the number of Postgraduates reported and the change of tutor composition structure from the aspects of postgraduate training system and teacher-student structure, and expounds the importance of the reform of postgraduate training system. On this basis, it puts forward the reform method of Postgraduate Tutor Team Construction mechanism . Through the analysis and optimization of tutor research direction composition, tutor age echelon and team regular meeting system in the graduate tutor team, we can achieve the goal of more efficient graduate management, more diversified innovative thinking cultivation and more personalized graduate cultivation. The research results can provide reference for the reform and practice of large team graduate cultivation system.

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    • Education for the Independence and Creativity of Engineering Graduate Students —— Analysis of the Curriculum of Civil and Transportation Engineering Graduate Programs in the United States

      Qiao Dong, Xueqin Chen

      The curriculum is of great importance for the knowledge structure and academic ability of graduate students in engineering. Base on the curriculum of the author during Phd study in the United States and questionnaire research of international students with similar majors, this paper investigated the characteristics of the curriculum of engineering graduate programs from four aspects, including curriculum content, curriculum across majors, teaching and studying. Firstly, the curriculum of engineering graduate programs in the United States is more concise and comprehensive, which is very efficient to help graduate students obtain knowledge in a specific area and is the basis for independent academic ability. Secondly, curriculum across different majors extend the knowledge of students and are of good quality, which provided more opportunities for creativity in students’ future academic study. Thirdly, teaching involves studying specific software and tools and are close with the most recent advances in both industrial and academic area, which enable the graduate students to get access to academic research. Last but not the least, the study includes various homework and requires students to work independently, practicing the students’ ability to plan and work independently, which helps students’ creativity in academic research.

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    • Teaching Reform of Soil Mechanics Course Aiming atImproving Comprehensive Quality of Students

      Gao Xiaojuan, Li Yuehui

      It is a very important goal of education goal to improve the students’ comprehensive quality. As a university teacher in an engineering college, he should not only teach students professional knowledge to improve students" theoretical level but penetrated the values and professional ethics properly into the whole process of teaching to help them develop correct professional outlook and values appropriately. Take soil mechanics course as an example, the teacher shows engineering case with purposeful choice around students to stimulate students’ interest. So the students can take part in the case and do some useful things to teaching work. Numerical simulation method is introduced into the classroom to increase the intuitiveness of theoretical knowledge. Grasp the essence, clarify the relationship between knowledge points to stimulate interest in learning and scientific research, enhance the teaching effect. Exploring the ideological and political elements in classroom in case teaching to cultivate students" sense of seeking truth from facts and social responsibility. Training talents with knowledge and responsibility for the construction of the new era.

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    • Exploration of undergraduate tutorial system oriented by cultivating innovative ability

      LI Haidong, WANG Tong-wen, ZHAI Fei-fei, LIU Long, Yan Hai-yan, ZHANG Yun-xing

      In order to promote the reform of school education and teaching, stimulate the innovation consciousness and passion of undergraduates, and enhance the innovation ability of students, Henan Polytechnic University has explored the undergraduate tutorial system in the cultivation process of landscape architecture undergraduates. On the basis of fully analyzing the research hotspots and trends of the tutorial system for undergraduates in China, and combined with advantages and characteristics of our college, this paper explores and constructs the "Counselor + Homeroom Teacher + Undergraduate Tutor" training mode of tutor system. On this basis, a tutorial system with "Mentor Group" as the core is formed. At last, this paper analyzes the operation mechanism of the three modules of "Tutor Development", "Main Ways , and puts forward some practical suggestions on the localization reform of the undergraduate tutorial system. It is hoped that the tutorial system for undergraduate students can be used as a useful reference for the implementation and improvement of architecture related majors.

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    • Exploration on Ideological and Political Teaching of Design Courses of Urban and Rural Planning Major——By Taking Detailed Urban Planning (2) of Suzhou University of Science and Technology as an Example

      Lv Fei, Yu Miao, Wang Yu-cun

      According to the angle of ideological and political teaching, it takes the teaching of Detailed Urban Planning (2) at Suzhou University of Science and Technology as an example to make the exploration on the teaching ways for the design courses of Urban and Rural Planning Major in this thesis. Based on this, it hopes to promote the simultaneous improvement of the ideological and moral quality as well as the professional knowledge level of students. Then, it will carry out deep research on the all-round and all-chain teaching of the course from these aspects, such as the strength on building teaching team, the extension and perfection of the teaching content, the organization of immersive "teaching process and the improvement of the teaching evaluation system. What’s more, it will pay attention to the curriculum value system of urban spatial cognition and start from space justice to build the ideological and political teaching path of "emphasizing professional curriculum supplemented by ideological and political course". In this way, it will combine professional knowledge education with the practice of socialist core values, achieve the target of curriculum cultivation guided by "value system", and realize the collaborative education of people by combining professional education with ideological and political education. Key words:urban and rural planning; design courses; ideological and political teaching

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    • Status, Focus and Trends of the Research about Innovative Talents Training in China:Visual Analysis based on CSSCI Journals

      Ni Guodong, Gao Lan, Wang Wenshun, Yang Shengqi, Xu Na

      Taking 1602 papers about innovative talents training published in Chinese Social Sciences Citation Index (CSSCI) database from 1998 to 2019 as research samples, the authors analyzes the distribution of publication year, research institutions, core journals and research authors systematically by bibliometric analysis, and analyzes the hot topics and research trends about innovative talent training in China visually using CiteSpace software. Research results show that the hot topics of innovative talents training in China mainly include cultivation system, cultivation mode, teaching system and cultivation standards, and, the research evolution process can be roughly divided into four stages. In the future, research can be carried out around the cultivation law and path, “Double First-Class” construction, emerging engineering education, morality-preferred and people-oriented responsibility, education internationalization and other research fields.

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    • Exploration and effect analysis of output-oriented achievement evaluation mechanism for Port, Waterway and Coastal Engineering


      The fundamental purpose of student-centered engineering education certification is to promote or enhance "educational output", that is, outcome-oriented results. In order to meet the needs of water conservancy science and technology talent training under the background of the new era, Tongji University’s Port, Waterway and Coastal Engineering major started from the revision of the training plan, and implemented the OBE concept through the revision of training objectives, the specific decomposition of graduation requirements, and the continuous improvement of the curriculum system to realize the transition from cultivating "discipline-oriented" talents to cultivating "engineering-oriented" talents, from cultivating talents with strong professional and technical capabilities to cultivating compound talents with professional capabilities, professional qualities, and social responsibilities. An evaluation mechanism for the achievement of courses and graduation requirements, and an evaluation mechanism for the rationality of training objectives have been established respectively, combined with the operation of the mechanism to carry out an example analysis, to achieve a comprehensive mid-to-long-term follow-up evaluation and continuous improvement of the training quality of undergraduates in this major.

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    • Reforming Practice on the Undergraduate Training Mode of the Internationalized Talents in Traffic Construction based on University-Enterprise Cooperation Education


      In order to meet the urgent need of international engineering talents for the development of Chinese transportation construction enterprises going abroad, Chongqing Jiaotong University has carried out 10 years of exploration and practice of university-enterprise cooperative training mode with industrial enterprises. Based on the three dimensions of "engineering knowledge, engineering practice and engineering management" of international engineering talents, the university has built "Overseas Class", "International Engineering Class" and "Cross-border Composite Experimental Class", which are customized in short term, systematic in long term. Diversified school-enterprise education modes such as "Overseas Class" for short term customization, "International Engineering Class" for long term system and "Cross-border Compound Experimental Class" have been built for flexible setting. Through cooperatively recruiting?students, designing course program, presenting courses or lectures, organizing academic?competitions, guiding graduation practice and evaluating training quality, the mutual benefit and win-win cooperative education long-acting mechanism has been built. More than 3500 graduates have been supplied to CCCC ( China Communications Construction Company ), CREC (China Railway Engineering Corporation ) and CRCC (?China Railway Construction Corporation) to meet the needs of the internationalized, diversified and high-quality talents for “one belt and one road” traffic construction projects.

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    • Experiment Curriculum Reform of CTGB Mix-true Design Based on Similarity Between Laboratory Test and Actual Production

      wanglong, xiexiaoguang

      In order to achieve the coordination of cement treat gravel base(CTGB) material mix proportion design between indoor experiment laboratory test, and production practice test results play the role of guidance to field construction, base on the analysis of the traditional course "mix proportion design of semi-rigid base test ", the course objectives were adjusted on the basis of the principle of production practice in harmony with indoor test;According to the new objective of the course, the equipment of vibration mixing, vibration molding and anti-scour was developed, standard test parameters were proposed, and numerical simulation of anti-scour test was carried out. The scour stress distribution of the scour specimen was clarified, which was used as the basis of analysis of anti-scour test for students.Through the analysis of the physical indexes of three groups of different mix ratio design test methods, the students have made clear the physical significance of the optimal water content and the influence rule on the maximum dry density by the three methods.The mechanical index test results of three different test methods showed that the compressive strength average increase of 2MPa was obtained in group A, which was by vibration mixing and vibration molding.It can save the cement by 1.3%. Through the analysis, the students have made clear the influence of different test methods on the strength and the mechanism of the influence.The scour resistance test of CTAB under different cement dosages shows that the mass loss decreases with the increase of cement dosages. Functional indexes should be taken into account when determining the cement dosages. Numerical simulation results can well explain the test phenomenon.Based on the new goals of the "semi-rigid base mix design experiment" course, so that the students clear mix design essence, it is not only to meet the strength requirements, but also to take into account the functional indicators, new goals are not only cultivate students" practical ability, but also largely cultivate students" ability to analyze and solve problems.

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    • Teaching reform practice of “civil engineering materials” course based on the concept of science and education collaboration

      ZENG Gang, LI Zheng, WANG Yuanyuan, XU Fuwei

      "Civil engineering materials" course is an important professional compulsory course for civil engineering majors. The collaborative education of science and education is an important concept of talent training in universities and colleges, and it is also a hot issue for university administrators and higher education researchers. Based on the analysis of the teaching difficulties of civil engineering materials, this paper puts forward the teaching goal of "theory knowledge, innovation ability and scientific research literacy". It also makes a beneficial exploration and Practice on the connection point of scientific research work to the educational resources, the entry point of research results and professional knowledge, the implementation path of the concept of science and education coordination.

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    • Design and realization of virtual simulation experiment system for soil mechanical properties in complex environment

      BIAN Yadong, YIN Song, LI Xinming, CHEN Yuting, WANG Kai

      Based on virtual simulation technology, a virtual simulation experiment system of soil mechanical properties under complex environment is developed. The system can realize the repeated dry wet cycle and freeze-thaw cycle of soil samples through the virtual simulation experiment device. The influence of hot summer and rainy, heat and cold on the mechanical properties of soil can be simulated. The consolidation, direct shear and triaxial tests are carried out to test the strength and deformation characteristics of soil samples under complex environment. The operation process of virtual test were similar to that of real test. The interactive feeling was lifelike. Students can intuitively experience the process of environmental simulation and mechanical test of soil samples and overcome the difficulties of hard realization, high cost and limited by time and space. Students could understand the effect of complex environment on soil mechanical properties in limited classroom teaching time.

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    • Innovation of Territorial Spatial Planning from the perspective of basic research——On the Teaching of Regional Planning

      Zhang Jigang, Chen Ruotian, Tian Liling

      Since the reform and opening up, China?s urbanization process has accelerated, and the opportunities for regional development have prompted the education of regional planning courses in urban and rural planning to face challenges, especially at present, the sustainable development of regional planning and the innovative development of comprehensive land and space planning , There is an urgent need to rely on the advancement of basic research and its innovation results. This article briefly analyzes the significant promotion effect of relevant basic research development on regional planning from three levels of theory, technology and practice, and further proposes that, in the critical stage of China?s new era development, on the one hand, regional planning must be proactive and relevant to basic research. The combination of innovation and major breakthroughs can effectively promote the transformation and upgrading of China"s regional planning. On the other hand, regional planning must actively integrate with the territorial and spatial planning system, and develop new demands for regional planning and curriculum teaching in accordance with the development of territorial and spatial planning at different levels From the perspective of basic research and innovation, put forward the concept and path of regional planning curriculum teaching practice innovation, so as to provide continuous deepening and innovative talent preparation and theoretical preparation for land and space planning, and promote the long-term sustainable development of land and space planning practice.

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    • Dilemma and countermeasures of online guidance for civil engineering graduation design

      KANG Yan-qing, LIAO Hong-jian, GUO Xiu-qin, BAI Meng-meng, LI Ying, ZHANG Yu

      According to?the?practical?teaching?characteristics?of?civil?engineering graduation?design, the paper puts forward?some?countermeasures?on?how?to?carry?out online?guidance?effectively?under?the?COVID-19?epidemic to?ensure?the progress?and?quality. The civil?engineering graduation?project?is?a?special?comprehensive training?that?combines professional?theory?and engineering?practice with?many?tasks. This paper analyzes the difficulties of on-line guidance of civil engineering graduation design, such as difficulty in finding professional design manuals and specifications, poor intuitiveness in drawing guidance and theoretical derivation, poor individual learning atmosphere, and difficulty in supervision by teachers. The paper probes into the countermeasures from the aspects of constructing the electronic literature database, using the multi-dimensional network teaching platform, enhancing the interactive activities, refining the task objectives, strengthening the process management and control, and guaranteeing the design quality and progress.Combining with the concrete case, the paper introduces the implementation process and the teaching effect, and forms a set of effective on-line guidance mode, which gives prominence to the principal position of students and the leading role of teachers, from the angle of quantity and quality, it achieves the expected teaching goal and effect, which can be used for reference in the online instruction of the same kind of design courses.

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    • The Diversion Dilemma and Countermeasures of General Enrollment in Architecture Majors of Local HEIs

      HU Jushan, SUN Changsheng, ZHANG Chunying

      With the advance of “ general enrollment and diffluence cultivation ” pattern in Local HEIs (local higher education institutions), the problems of specialty differentiation in the division of architectural majors are increasingly outstanding . This paper finds that major selection is influenced by six factors and three levels by analyzing students’ process of thinking constructing. In the usual diversion pattern, the major selection presents two consistency deviations of architectural tendency even though the prospect and subject strength are similar between two majors. urban image causes the first deviation in major selection, and mere exposure effect reinforces the first deviation while mass-following Psychology leads to the second deviation. Therefore, it is an important guarantee for the overall planning of specialty construction to formulate targeted coping strategies and optimize specialty diversion mechanism.

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    • Teaching innovation and construction of fire resistance experiment teaching platform of building structure based on virtual technology

      chen wei, Ye Jihong, Zhang Yingying, Long Bangyun, Jiang Jian

      At present, the fire resistance experiment teaching of building structure has gradually become an important teaching element of the course of civil engineering disaster prevention and mitigation. However, only a few universities in China have the physical platform of building structure fire resistance experiment. Meanwhile, due to the particularity of fire resistance experiment, the related teaching resources are very limited. Based on the modern technologies of multimedia, network communication and virtual simulation, a series of teaching resources have been constructed, including physical experiment platform, virtual simulation platform, virtual teaching aids, micro experiment video and MOOC. A experimental teaching platform of building structure fire resistance is developed. Using the platform, the traditional experimental teaching mode is broke through. Taking interest as the core, this paper explores the teaching scheme of the combination of virtual and actual, and the integration of experimental teaching and theoretical teaching is realized. Meanwhile, the evaluation system of experiment teaching is established, which emphasizes both process and result, and pays attention to continuous improvement. In addition, it emphasizes the autonomy and innovation of learning, encourages students to try boldly, enhances their subjective initiative and professional competitiveness.

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    • Critical "visual perception training"——an architectural art education reform



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    • Research on Popular Science Present Situation and Demand of Smart Community Residents —— analysis based on 849 questionnaires nationwide

      liwenjing, zhangLijian, xianglihui

      In order to understand the present situation of urban community residents under the background of smart community construction and community science popularization information,mastering the expectations of urban community residents in terms of popular science channels, contents and forms,and then explore the effective ways and methods to realize the urban community wisdom science popularization and precision science popularization.Through statistics on 849 questionnaires nationwide, the results show that: The demand for popular science among residents is concentrated on the level of survival and life,use smart platforms frequently,residents from the community to obtain limited knowledge of popular science, community satisfaction with popular science needs to be improved. Therefore, it is necessary to provide intelligent and accurate services, innovate the forms and channels of community science popularization, perfect the two-way interaction mechanism between community and residents, and integrate the popular science resources of social organizations and units under the jurisdiction.

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    • Practice of teaching reform of Planting Design based on optimization of planning and design program

      XU Jin, DENG Xiao-fei, , CHEN Wei-chang, Qiu Yan

      Planting design is an important professional course of landscape architecture major. Based on the spatial color organization method proposed in the previous stage, this paper optimized a set of complete plant landscape planning and design procedures, including prophase analysis, planting scheme planning, planting layout planning, spatial color organization method application and planting design, and illustrated the procedures step-by-step through the "planting redesign of Guangzhou children"s park" as a case, in order to provide assistance toSthe teaching of planting design and related courses in domestic landscape architecture major.

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    • Teaching reform andSpractice of water quality engineering course under the background of emerging engineering education

      ZHAO Zhi-wei, LI Li, XIANG Ping, GU Li, JIAGN Yan, CAO Zhi-ping, ZENG Jie, JIANG Shao-jie

      The emerging engineering education is posing a new challenge to the cultivation of professional talents. As the traditional core course of Water Science and Engineering, The Course of water quality engineering is both theoretical and practical, involving a wide range of professional knowledge and comprehensiveness. It is necessary to focus on the connotation of new engineering and national major needs, thus to reform and innovate courses. Aiming at the problems existing in traditional teaching, based on the student-centered approach, to design the multi-level teaching objectives according to ‘knowledge exploration, capacity building, and value guidance’, and to update the teaching contents in line with the latest developments in the industry; to design teaching activities based on the multi-dimensional teaching objectives; to carry out teacher-guided and accompany-style autonomous learning mode; to innovate teaching organization through the adjustment and integration of the sequence of teaching links; to use various classroom forms such as interest experiment introduction, case analysis, classroom debate, flipped classroom, etc.; to assist new information technology; to achieve value guidance by intensifying curriculum ideology and politics; to build a full-cycle systematic evaluation system. The practical application of teaching reform has achieved certain results, which can provide some guidance and reference for the teaching of Water Science and Engineering, Environmental Engineering and other related majors.

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    • The construction and practice of civil engineering graduates" innovative ability cultivation system based on large-scale engineering

      ZHANG Jianwei, CAO Wanlin, Dong Hongying, Qiao Qiyun

      In order to improve the innovation ability training level of civil engineering graduate students, the following seven factors affecting the cultivation of innovation ability of graduate students were analyzed: source of students, academic dissertations, supervisors, training environment, training model, training system and large-scale engineering. And the inner law of the interactive development between the seven key factors was revealed. The reform of educational idea, teaching method and mean were carried out. Four training platforms were established, including the comprehensive experiment and training platform inside school, the sharing training platform inside and outside school, the innovation alliance training platform and the large-scale engineering industrial base training platform. Three training models were proposed based on large-scale engineering, including the practical research and development mode, the group discussion mode and the open training mode. Finally an innovative three-dimensional training system integrating “production, study, research and application” was created. These innovations have been put into practice and achieved remarkable effects. The teamwork-oriented, engineering practice and innovation ability of graduate students were greatly improved.

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    • Reform of teaching mode of renovation design course with the concept of "Teaching, Learning, Evaluation and Inheritance"

      Mao Yalong, Lu Huifang

      Through the four aspects of “teaching, learning, reviewing and inheritance”.take the existing industrial building renovation design course as an example ,to analyze the teaching mode of reforming design course, and explore the ways of course teaching reform, the diversified teaching mode is a high-quality teaching team composed of architects of architects, planners and other experts, teaches the core meaning of design principles, Choose construction sites as teaching sites and Research heuristic teaching; Multi-channel learning is to ask questions from experts, observe the construction site, study topics and other ways of learning; Multi-type evaluation focuses on extensive communication, sharing and discussion. school teachers and outside experts to evaluate various types of drawings; Multi-perspective inheritance mode of the curriculum value, curriculum concept, and to learn the culture culture.

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    • Exploration on Contextualized Teaching Model of Architecture Major

      Wang Keqi

      Under the background of building first-class specialties of higher education, the era, the social needs, and the comprehensive characteristics, practical characteristics and unique thinking mode demand that the talents training of architecture major should change the teaching mode, look for multidimensional ways to activate the inert knowledge actively, explore the mode that teacher and students guiding together, establish environment of team participatory learning and sharing, create the contextualized situation, adhere to the “student-centered” thought, and be goal-oriented with these mentioned above, carry out contextualized teaching model with the help of environmental creation and project traction in the process of teaching, meanwhile, the teachers should do the effort of “traction”, which can awaken the power of the students,arouse the student’s autonomy, initiative and collaborative effectively, and improve students’ team spirit, innovation consciousness and comprehensive ability.

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    • Design and practice of MOOC based blended teaching in concrete structure course

      XU Li-hua, CHI Yin, LIU Su-mei, FAN Mei, HU Xiao-bin

      MOOC (Massive Open Online Course),as a new online teaching mode, is an important form of a combination of information technology and education. It provides support and guarantee for blended teaching, and plays a crucial role in boosting the education revolution and intensive development for college and university courses. Based on the national excellent resource sharing course "Design of concrete structure" at Wuhan University(abbreviated as concrete structure), the MOOC course construction based on MOOC platform is carried out. The curriculum structure is transformed and optimized through the content reconstruction, teaching design and online applicability, and the curriculum characteristics are formed. Based on the OBE (Outcome-Based Education) concept, according to the degree of difficulty of knowledge points, different levels and different forms of blended teaching mode are constructed, and the corresponding evaluation methods are established. Practice shows that it can stimulate the enthusiasm and initiative of students and improve the quality of teaching.

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    • Integration of curriculum political education and engineering education certification

      Zhang Lifang, Cheng Ye

      Carrying out engineering education certification and curriculum politics education are the important works in the construction and reform of engineering specialty, and it is imperative to integrate the two together. Based on the analysis of 12 graduation requirements of engineering education certification standard and political connotation in curriculums, it is found that curriculum ideological and political education can cover all the non-technical index requirements of engineering certification. It is proposed that curriculum political education needs top-level design. Ttaking civil engineering major of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics as an example, the top-level design and implementation measures of ideological and political curriculum are proposed. Combining the ideological and political objectives with the graduation requirements of certification standard in a planned way, so as to achieve the quality requirements of professional personnel training and realize the ideological and political objectives of the courses.

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    • A preliminary study on the training of postgraduates in urban and rural planning under the integration of informatization

      gao yueer

      The development of digital technology and the improvement of information technology provide new methodology and theoretical support for urban planning, and strengthen the rational core of urban planning. However, the curriculum based on information integration is still in a weak position in the graduate teaching of urban planning. Based on the analysis of the improvement of information skills and the absence of information literacy training in the teaching system of urban planning graduate students in China, this paper analyzes the training courses and training methods of urban planning graduate students in three famous European and American planning universities, namely, New York University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and University College of London, and puts forward corresponding suggestions from three aspects: training objectives, curriculum setting and teaching methods

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    • The teaching exploration and practice path of the integration of ideological and political elements in the course of “Seismic Design of Underground Structures”

      CHEN Zhiyi, YAO Yixing

      The exploration and practice of curriculum ideological and political elements integrated into professional curriculum teaching is an important manifestation of Xi Jinping’s guiding ideology of higher education. Aiming at the current limitations of “Curriculum Ideological and Political” education in civil engineering, grasping key issues, taking the “Seismic Design of Underground Structures” course as an example, the article proposes to establish the correct professional curriculum teaching goals and ideological and political teaching goals, and actively enrich and expand teaching methods. According to the teaching content of “Seismic Design of Underground Structure”, deeply excavate the ideological and political elements related to the knowledge points of professional courses, and set clear goal orientation. Relying on the ideological and political elements extracted in each chapter, design the corresponding ideological and political teaching system, starting from the four dimensions of case introduction, case analysis, teaching process design, and teaching effect evaluation, exploring the teaching path that combines curriculum ideological and political with professional courses. Through the cases closely linked with actual ideological and political elements, the practice of teaching “curriculum ideology and politics”, the ideological and political achievements will be included in the final assessment results. Efforts to realize the integration of professional knowledge and ideological and political connotation, so as to realize the virtue and cultivation of people.

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    • Research on the cultivation path of innovative thinking of architecture major from the perspective of high level research university:A comparison and reference of Chinese and Korean universities


      The innovative thinking training system of Architecture Specialty in high-level research university is the education system to construct the basic teaching training. Combined with the characteristics of the current preliminary education stage of architecture major, this paper expounds several basic principles of architectural basic teaching, and emphasizes the importance of cultivating the spatial creative thinking ability of architectural students. We should combine the training of first-class architectural talents in high-level research universities with social needs, and fully understand the social employment standards. We should strengthen the cultivation of students" innovative ability and practical ability, and cultivate high-quality architectural innovative professionals with professional quality, self-improvement ability and lifelong learning ability to meet the social needs. This study focuses on the comparison and reference of Chinese and Korean universities, and constructs the method and path of "innovative thinking training system of Architecture Specialty in high-level research university".

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    • Research on the University Training Mode for International Graduate Students Majoring in Transportation Engineering-Taking Southeast University as an Example

      Yu Bin, Zhou Wen, Yang Qian, Cheng Jianchuan, Gu Xingyu

      With the continuous development of the “Belt and Road” strategy, a large number of international students are attracted to China for graduate studies. How to cultivate professional and technical personnel in traffic and transportation engineering from countries along the “Belt and Road” is a new challenge for colleges and universities in China. In order to deeply explore the training model of postgraduates majoring in transportation engineering in China, selected overseas students majoring in transportation engineering from Southeast University to conduct questionnaire survey and analysis; through the principal component factor analysis method, obtained the status quo in four aspects: the participation of graduate students in campus activities, the relevance of scientific research topics, the grasp of learning focus, and the degree of scientific research task commitment; through sample testing, the similarities and differences of the adaptability of overseas graduate students from Asian and African countries to the university training model are analyzed. The survey results reflected the living and learning status of international students in the School of Transportation of Southeast University. This research then conducted data analysis to explore the weakness of the cultivation of international graduate students and putted forward corresponding suggestions.

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    • Exploration of the Master's Cultivation Mechanism for Interdisciplinary (Professional) Students from the Perspective of

      Yan Xiaoli

      "Three Integrity Education" requires continuous improvement of the pertinence and effectiveness of talent training through all employees, the whole process, and all-round measures and paths. Interdisciplinary (professional) graduate students have obvious characteristics. After analysis, it is found that turning "disadvantages" into "strengths" is a breakthrough to improve the quality of scientific research, but there is a huge gap between their advantages and disadvantages. How to make up for this gap is the key to problem solving. Based on the idea of "three integrity education", a master's cultivation mechanism for interdisciplinary (professional) students has been constructed, including the realization of “full-staff education” through the “four into one” system, realization of "full-process education" through the whole process and key links of the cultivation; realization of "all-round education" through the joint efforts.

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    • Research on the vocational education training mechanism majoring in prefabricated construction and focusing on the combination of education and training, scientific research support, and five-dimensional collaboration


      Based on theory of all-round development and coordinated development of people and focused on typical issues such as "what to teach", "who will teach", "how to teach", and "who guarantees", the authors proposed three mechanism majoring in prefabricated building in accordance with the reform requirements of teachers, teaching materials, and teaching methods. One is the modular curriculum integration mechanism of course, certificate and post. The second is the teacher development mechanism of research and teaching. The third is the teaching reform mechanism combining "intelligence +" education and training. The last is the five-dimensional collaborative training guarantee mechanism for government, industry, school, education and research. These mechanisms have realized the innovation of education concept, education mechanism, education platform and education content.

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    • Exploration and practice of the practice education in university laboratories under the background of three-aspect comprehensive education


      The laboratory is animportant position for universities to organize experiment teaching, carry out innovative scientific research, cultivate students"" practical ability, and stimulate students"" innovative spirit and vitality. Taking the opportunity of the construction of the first batch of pilot universities forthe comprehensive reform of" Three-aspect Comprehensive Education ", Chongqing University has comprehensively promoted the comprehensive reform ofthe " Three-aspect Comprehensive Education ", has established ten major education systems, including curriculum education, scientific research education, practice education, culture education, network education, psychology education, management education, service education, subsidized education, and organization education,and has constructed six important education positions, including classrooms, dormitories, laboratories, canteens, venues and libraries. In terms of laboratory practice education,Chongqing Universityhas established avertically and horizontally integrated laboratory practice education system, has expanded the education space, has formed a laboratory pattern of " Three-aspect Comprehensive Education ", and hassolidly promoted the fundamental task of moral enhancement and talent cultivation.

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    • Integrated Curriculum Design of Architectural Courses in Civil Engineering Based on the CDIO Concept

      Hong Yan

      This study analyzed the influence of the design of integrated curriculum of civil engineering majors and the change of the completion semester of subjects on the quality of students'' major knowledge system and graduation projects according to the concept of CDIO engineering education based on conceive, design, element and operation. Through this, the integrated curriculum plan of the architectural courses will be reviewed to improve the quality of the graduation project and the practical abilities. This study was conducted on graduates from 2017-2020 of the university to which the author belongs. This research figured out that the integrated curriculum plan of architectural courses can effectively improve students'' comprehensive mastery of architectural knowledge. Furthermore, although the teaching team has a clear understanding of the coherence between architectural courses from the perspective of "teaching", but the students still do not have a clear understanding of the coherence between the courses from the perspective of "receiving". They stayed in mastering the contents of each course, which failed to meet the "integrated learning experiences" required by CDIO.

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    • Construction of Strategy for Civil Engineering Based on Accreditation Engineering Education

      Du Juan, Wang Zaicheng, Li Zhanjie

      Due to the accreditation of Civil Engineering in Hainan University, the educational objectives, graduation requirements, practical curriculum, teaching pedagogy and some other aspects are deeply researched and practiced based on the core ideology of Accreditation Engineering Education. Meanwhile, the similarities and differences in program setup and objectives of Civil Engineering for undergraduate education are compared and analyzed between State University of New York Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly) and Hainan University. The merits of the SUNY Poly program are reflected and noted for potential beneficial aspects one can adopt in the future. The ultimate goal of strategy for Civil Engineering is to cultivate talent Civil Engineering graduates with distinctive regional characteristics and meets the thriving market demand of Hainan province.

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    • Research on the Quality Analysis and Improvement Countermeasures of Master Postgraduate Students——Take the School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering of China University of Mining and Technology as an example

      yangshengqi, Huang Yanhua, Li Yang, Wu Yuanzhou

      The quality of postgraduate students is directly related to the quality of postgraduate training in colleges and universities, and also affects the level of discipline construction in colleges and universities. In recent years, with the continuous increase in the scale of enrollment for postgraduate students, how to increase the proportion of high-quality postgraduate students has become particularly important for the training of talents and the development of disciplines in higher colleges and universities. This paper takes the School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering of China University of Mining and Technology as an example. Based on the data of master student source of this school in 2016-2019, the registration status of master graduate students in various majors is analyzed, and the proportion of high-quality students and the characteristics of the source structure of graduate students were discussed. The countermeasures to improve the quality of graduate students are put forward, which can provide important reference value for the enrollment of graduate students in similar universities in the future.

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    • Teaching with aptitude,Altering with condition ——Reflection on teaching of Eaglet program

      wzngzhiyang, yanbo

      The "Eaglet program" is a bridge between universities and high schools. Over the years, the plan has not only provided high school students with opportunities to study science and technology in depth, but also cultivated many talents with good scientific research foundation for universities. "Eaglet program" can not only stimulate high school students' interest and enthusiasm for scientific research, but also cultivate students' scientific literacy, innovation consciousness and practical ability. It is also an important way for colleges and universities to give back to the society and show their own image. Under the "colleges & high school" mode of University and high school, it provides an important platform for cultivating innovative talents. In the process of participating in the teaching and project research of the "Eaglet program", the author has a lot of experience in carrying out the project through communication and discussion with the students. Based on the review of the whole process of guiding the phase of the project, this paper discusses the particularity of scientific research subject, the uniqueness of scientific research methods and the diversity of scientific research means under the "colleges & high school" cooperation mechanism. From the perspective of Eaglet students, it also analyzes the training measures and characteristics of Eaglet students, and the key content to be grasped in the training process, and the future development of Eaglet program. Finally, we look forward to it.

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    • Innovation of Practical Teaching System for Civil Engineering under Emerging Engineering Education

      che wei

      In this paper, the civil engineering major of China University of Geosciences (Beijing) is taken as the object to study the practice teaching system under the background of new engineering. This paper systematically analyzes the problems existing in the current practice teaching system of our school, and adheres to the principle of student-centered, and establishes a multi-level plane spiral practice teaching framework system of "point face combination, module combination, spiral progression, new technology enhancement and all-round penetration". We have developed the "school enterprise collaborative practice information platform app" and adopted the "double tutor" system for undergraduates both inside and outside the university to provide strong guarantee for the effective implementation of our "new civil engineering" practice system.

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    • The innovation of teaching method for engineering students based on cloud computing platform under the background of COVID-19

      Xia Yingjie, Zhao Danchen, Tang Chunan, Liang Zhengzhao, Zhang Yongbin

      The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia has prevented the college students from returning to school after the winter vacation. The Ministry of Education issued the guidance of online courses. In view of the problems such as the difficulty of online teaching, the low participation of students and the poor learning effect of experimental courses in colleges and universities, the innovative teaching method of experimental courses in colleges and universities based on the cloud platform of numerical calculation is proposed. Through the practice of courses teaching during the epidemic period, the effect of the teaching mode is remarkable. This method solves the boring problems of engineering experimental courses during the epidemic period effectively, and improves students' interest and learning efficiency. Through the actual operation of the cloud computing platform and numerical calculation software, it improves students' ability to understand and solve engineering practical problems. In addition, based on the summary of engineering practical problems, it improves students' scientific research quality for their subjects’ research. The research results in this paper can provide references for the teaching of engineering experimental courses in colleges and universities under the background of epidemic period.

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    • Exploration on Teaching Methods of Architectural Design Courses under the Narrative Thinking

      Zhang Qianqian

      Creating narrative places and spaces is one of the most important design trends of contemporary architecture. Understanding the narrative of architecture from the perspective of experience interaction is a remarkably important way of architectural design thinking. In the teaching process of this graduation design, by guiding students to construct the narrative space in the design, to strengthen the training of the students' narrative design thinking, and to enhance the logic expression in the students' design works. This paper also takes some examples of students' work to explore the operability of implementing narrative design thinking in design courses, aims to provide directions and basis for future teaching reforms.

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    • Discussion on the curriculum reform of civil engineering major under the background of "New Engineering"

      Tang Yong-jing, Guan Linbo, Wu Jing, Li Yan, Tong Lewei

      Based on the "new engineering" under the background of the development and change of the civil engineering industry, combining the directions of educating undergraduate talents and the characteristics of college students who were born after 2000, this paper puts forward the fact that the general undergraduate students majoring in civil engineering should focus on applying engineering science, project management coordination, and the engineering technology innovation to ensure the normal graduate in civil engineering of intelligent construction up to engineering application and management work. Based on the multi-disciplinary development, new ways of thinking and innovation can be initiated. Taking the basic curriculum reform of “Basic principles of concrete structure” as an example, considering the technology updates of civil engineering industry, we employed the modern teaching and learning approaches to discuss curriculum reform. In terms of teaching content, precast prefabricated concrete structure and BIM technologies in civil engineering industry are actively combined with traditional knowledge to form a new framework of “basic principles of concrete structure” courses. From the view of pedagogy, we should fully explore and use the Internet+ learning platform and various teaching methods to better stimulate the willingness to learn of the students born after 2000, so as to improve the effectiveness of teaching.

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    • Progressive teaching method of conceptual analysis for students’ independent learning capability

      SUN Feifei, DUAN Ning-ling

      Taking the subject of structural mechanics as an example, the teaching method of progressive conceptual analysis is proposed from the perspective of “student-centered teaching”. The contradiction between teaching and learning of structural mechanics is expounded. The cultivation of conceptual analysis capability is divided into three stages: concept comprehension capability, concept discrimination capability and flexible concept application capability. Setting specific exercises which embody concepts, and then train students to summarize problem solving methods and clarify problem solving ideas from the perspective of conceptual analysis independently. It is aimed at developing students’ independent learning capability. The concept comprehension capability can be improved by setting wrong-prone exercises. The concept discrimination capability can be improved by setting easily confused exercises. The flexible concept application capability can be improved by setting multi-solution exercises. It can solve the difficulty of conceptual analysis teaching by using concept comprehension, concept discrimination and flexible concept application capability as steps. This teaching method is general and applicable to the teaching of most science and technology subjects.

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    • The Teaching Organization and Investigation Evaluation of Competition as Design Course

      Zhouxi, Zhangfang

      Various high-level design competitions are very helpful to the teaching of architecture undergraduates.Among the various forms of participation organization, choosing a competition as a design course organization for all teachers and students to participate has many advantages, but there are also some difficulties.Through the teaching practice of competition courses organized in recent years, the advantages and disadvantages of competition courses was analyzed, and the teaching organization process from competition topic selection, in-class teaching to extended after-school tutoring.was summarized. Through questionnaire survey analysis, it is found that students generally positively evaluate the competition courses, most of them can keep up with the competition rhythm, but there are more teaching needs; teachers also agree with the competition courses and believe that the original teaching framework can basically meet the requirements of the competition. Targeted education reform measures. were needed to develop. In short, competition as a design course is a feasible and beneficial teaching activity, and it is necessary to continuously accumulate experience and improve teaching organization.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Basic Teaching of Architecture Specialty in Local Universities for Holistic Education

      LV Yuan, ZHAO Rui, LIU Yue, ZHANG Qing

      Holistic education aims at cultivating students inner self, helping them to live freely, fully, comprehensively, harmoniously and continuously, and contributing to society. According to the characteristics and training needs of freshmen in local universities, based on the Holistic Education, the basic teaching and training mode of architecture specialty should adapt to the diversified development of students "interests, and promote students" personality and mental development in the future. Basic teaching of architecture specialty should provide courses combining with daily life experience, combining with professional practice, combining with research frontier, combining with personal growth, and improving teaching methods, enhancing curriculum experience, practicality, inquiry, interaction, and openness, and providing personalized guidance and multi-dimensional display evaluation to stimulate interest and enthusiasm in learning, release students" potential, promote practical operation ability and innovative thinking ability, establish their own personal and social values, so as to achieve deeper self-improvement and promotion.

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    • Characteristics and prospect of undergraduate ecological education conducted in Chinese colleges of landscape architecture

      WANG Qiong-xuan, YANG Rong, WANG Yun-cai

      Under the background of the increasingly severe ecological crisis and the construction of ecological civilization, the education of landscape architecture in China undertakes the responsibility of cultivating professionals with ecological awareness and ecological literacy for social development. As the basic support and key construction direction of landscape architecture disciplines, the combination of landscape ecology education with the discipline construction and the development of landscape ecology become the intrinsic requirements to measure the ecological development of the discipline. In this paper, we select 10 typical domestic colleges and universities which opened landscape architecture originating from architecture or agriculture and forestry. Making their undergraduate education programs among nearly recent years as the main research objects, this paper analyzes the curriculum types, teaching types, content distribution, and curriculum composition of ecological education in landscape architecture, and summarizes the present situation of the curriculum composition and basic characteristics of landscape architecture ecological education at undergraduate level in domestic colleges and universities. Then it prospects that the ecological education of landscape architecture should play a role in response to the needs of the ecological society in the new era.

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    • Reform of the steel structure experiment of civil engineering structure experiment course

      ZHAO Bida, WANG Jiandong, LIU Daichun

      For civil engineering, civil engineering structure experiment is a very important professional course, which divided into two parts: steel structure experiment and concrete structure experiment. The main shortcomings in the part of steel structure experiment including focusing on theory and neglecting practice, lack of experimental content, inability to strengthen the theoretical teaching effect, and few practical links for students. The reasons for the shortcomings are analyzed, and teaching reforms are explored in terms of teaching methods and teaching content. In terms of teaching methods, student autonomy experiments was emphasized, and teacher-student interaction was increased by the use of social information platforms. In terms of teaching content, it is proposed to change the steel beam bending test from a demonstrative test to a destructive test designed by students. The destructive test can enhance the theoretical teaching effect, e.g., improve the understanding of partial plate buckling and overall instability of the beam. In addition, the practice of assembling the steel components into the overall steel structure in the test was also proposed. The purpose of the teaching reform is to improve the quality of steel structure test teaching, and then improve the teaching effect of steel structure theory and curriculum design practice. The paper also provides a reference for strengthening students" practical ability, engineering ability and innovation ability training.

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    • Design and Practice of Research-oriented Teaching Case in Elastic Mechanics

      LIU Zi-xin, LIU Zhang-jun, SUN Zhi-guo

      Under the background of national "golden course" construction, research-oriented teaching not only emphasizes the unity of "teaching" and "learning", but also attaches importance to the integration of "teaching" and "research", which has become the focus of teaching reform in higher education at present. Incorporating research-oriented teaching into mechanics courses can better stimulate students" learning enthusiasm and innovative spirit, deepen their understanding and mastery of knowledge, and pay more attention to the engineering application of mechanics knowledge. Elasticity is one of the most difficult courses for engineering undergraduates. Its essence is to solve the boundary value problem of partial differential equations under given boundary conditions. However, the difficulty of solving elastic mechanics is that it is greatly difficult to satisfy the boundary conditions. Therefore, in the teaching practice of elastic mechanics, taking Saint Venant’s Principle and its application as an example, the design and practice of research-oriented teaching case are implemented. Through the in-depth elaboration and extension of the basic concepts, basic problems and basic methods in the basic teaching contents, combined with typical engineering examples, how to effectively understand and flexibly apply Saint Venant"s principle in different local boundaries is discussed in this study. The effect of teaching practice shows that carrying out research-oriented teaching in mechanics courses can enable students to more deeply understand the essence of mechanics and the flexibility of its application, and then feel the beauty of mechanics.

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    • Structural Mechanics Online Mixed Teaching Innovation and Practice

      CAO Zhouyang

      In order to ensure the quality of online mixed teaching of structural mechanics, promote students'' active learning and improve the quality of personnel training during the outbreak of NCP. Based on the teaching syllabus and training objectives of structural mechanics, choose Learning Tong and Dingding software as the teaching platform, optimize the allocation of teaching resources, innovate classroom teaching design, through moral education, learning guidance, learning exploration, teaching improvement and teaching innovation, the online mixed classroom teaching effect is guaranteed. through the four modules of homework, test, interactive discussion and sign in, the whole process of teaching management is fair and just, and the results are true and effective.The results show that the students have a positive attitude towards learning, their enthusiasm for active learning is significantly improved, their usual performance is better, and the final paper performance is good, basically achieving the goal of substantially equivalent online and offline teaching effects.Teachers'' diligence, students'' exertion, the online mixed teaching mode of structural mechanics courses can guarantee and improve the quality of student training.

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    • Research and Practice of 3+2 Inquiry-based Teaching with Situation Creation—— Course of Civil Engineering Materials as an example

      Zhang Min, Huang Yi-seng, He Chun-bao, Yang Jia-fang, Lu Jin-chi, Li Geng-ying

      The training of students with high quality, responsibility and innovation capability is indentified as essential goal in college education, which also has been inevitable requirement of “Double-First Class” initiative for all universities. Civil engineering has a unique position and important roles in the training of university education. It is quite necessary not only paying attentions on process, but also on purpose of college engineering education. The inquiry-based education model has the absoluteSsuperiority because of its capability of combining process and goals together. Taking an inquiry-based teaching system with 3+2 goals has been proposed in this paper according to the basic principles of inquiry science teaching, the characteristics of engineering education and the requirements of training goals. This system includes training goals and processes of knowledge, skills, scientific approaches and study attitude. Meanwhile, a teaching strategy which is creating learning situations, posing research questions and projects has been proposed and implemented during teaching. The practice shows that this teaching mode has good efficiency on improving the innovation ability and scientific literacy of students with its strong feasibility and prominent scientificity and innovation.

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    • Analysis on the Effective Ways to Enhance the Effectiveness of Science Education Activities in Science and Technology Museums

      Sun Xiao-li, He Su-xing, Wu Yuan, Miao Xiu-jie

      As a major place for informal science education, carrying out science education activities is an important means to realize the educational function of science and technology museums. In this paper the general situation and connotation of educational activities are analyzed in this article, focusing on the necessity and significance of science education activities in science and technology museums, the current situation and problems of educational activities of science and technology museums in China, and the basic characteristics of educational activities of science and technology museums. From the aspects of subject, acceptor, educational concept, service and operation of science and technology museums, this paper gives some thoughts and suggestions on how to create education activities with characteristics of science and technology museums, for promoting the educational function of the science and technology museums, and making the science and technology museums a place of lifelong education accepted by the public.

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    • The Inspiration from Idea of Engineering Science

      Que Renbo

      Inverse analysis of the historical context in which Qian Xuesen proposed idea of engineering science was performed. The difference between technology based on experience and technology based on science were first introduced. And then the idea of engineering science proposed by Qian Xuesen was introduced logically. The talent-training mode based on such a philosophy of engineering science is inspiring,especially for teaching of mechanics, which is a paradigm of engineering science. An in-depth interpretation was offered by combining with examples.

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    • The Reform and Practice of Virtual Simulation Aided Basic Courses of Architecture Design——Take “Constructio of the Chinese Southern Pavilion Virtual Simulation Experiment” of Zhejiang A&F University as an Example

      zhangxi, Hongmiao

      Nowadays architectural design basic courses are constrained by site constraints and traditional teaching models, there are shortcomings of lack of engineering practice ability training, repetitive teaching, and students′difficulty in understanding three-dimensional space. Aim to these shortcomings, “Construction of the Chinese Southern Pavilion Virtual Simulation Experiment” of Zhejiang A F University developed “virtual construction” module for engineering practice ability training, “basic cognition” module for repetitive teaching problem and “case learning” module for three-dimensional spatial cognition understanding problem, and It has explored the reform of teaching methods suitable for it. Teaching practices have shown that virtual simulation experiments can largely compensate for the shortcomings of traditional teaching models. With the continuous development and maturity of high-tech information technology, virtual simulation experiments will play an increasingly important role in teaching activities effect.

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    • Study on the Cultivation Model of Graduation Design for Civil Engineering Majors Combining Scientific Research Innovation and Engineering Practice

      WANG Jingxuan, WANG Wenda, ZHANG Xinze

      The graduation design is the final work in the undergraduate teaching process of civil engineering. It is a systematic inspection and application of students' undergraduate learning knowledge including theoretical knowledge and professional knowledge. The graduation design is a systematic and comprehensive training link for cultivating students' engineering application ability and scientific research and innovation ability, and it is more to reflect the comprehensive ability of undergraduate students in solving complex engineering problems. The existing undergraduate graduation design of civil engineering major is mainly engineering design, focusing on cultivating students' engineering practice ability, but neglecting the cultivation of scientific research and innovation links, which is not conducive to the comprehensive and all-round development of civil engineering graduates. This paper takes the graduation design of civil engineering major of Lanzhou University of Technology as an example, through a questionnaire survey of instructors and students, analyzes the existing problems in the process of graduation design of civil engineering major, and explore the civil engineering undergraduate design model that combines scientific research and innovation with engineering practice, in order to provide a reference for the civil engineering graduate design teaching in normal university.

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    • Comprehensive Reform and Practice of applied Civil Engineering Specialty based on information Technology and School-enterprise Collaboration


      The traditional talent training mode of civil engineering has many shortcomings, such as low participation of enterprises, course content lagging behind the development of industry technology, theory and practice teaching, management methods. Through in-depth investigation and research, the research group puts forward the new talent training mode of "3 + 0.5 + 0.5", which is the process of theoretical learning,practical growth and theoretical carding, to build a long-term mechanism of school-enterprise linkage talent training; the theory of integrating modern engineering intelligent manufacturing technology to reconstructing professional curriculum system; the mothod of relying on the platform of national BIM skills competition to implement project driven teaching and cultivate engineering intelligent manufacturing ability; the way of using information technology to reform traditional teaching and management methods to implement boundless teaching and practice management and construct a quantitative evaluation system of practical teaching quality. The comprehensive reform of civil engineering specialty has been highly recognized by the industry and enterprises, and the quality of personnel training and employment has been steadily improved, which can be used as a reference for other application-oriented professional reform.

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    • Exploration of the first-class undergraduate talent training program of mechanical design, manufacturing and automation based on professional certification—Taking Chongqing University as an example

      LI Congbo

      Derived from the needs of national and local economic development, combined with educational orientation and talent training direction of Chongqing University, centered on the fundamental task of morality and cultivation of people, and based on the latest standards of engineering education professional certification and first-class discipline construction requirements, professional training goals and graduation requirements were formulated. A professional curriculum system was built, such as public basic courses, general education courses, broad basic courses, professional basic courses, professional courses, practical exercises, and personalized modules. Focusing on the automobile manufacturing and parts supporting industries, high-end equipment manufacturing industry and intelligent robot industry, collaborative education with enterprises has been carried out. According to the evaluation results, the training goals, graduation requirements, curriculum system settings and teaching process have been continuously improved. Talent training program aimed at cultivating high-quality and innovative talents in mechanical engineering has been proposed. The first-class undergraduate education in mechanical design and manufacturing and automation major with Chinese characteristics and the style of Chongqing University was explored to provide talent guarantee for serving the high-quality development of the country and localities.

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    • Reconstruction path of multi-professional practice teaching system for the development of intelligent construction

      ZHANG Mei-liang, ZHANG Jun-xia, He Zhong-mao

      Cultivating intelligent construction engineering talents requires optimizing the training and teaching system, the construction industry is undergoing an overall transformation, three salient features can be observed, one is to derive the industrialization of construction from the scarcity of manpower, the second is to shift from pipeline products to parts and components, and the third is to shift from one-time delivery to full-cycle operation and maintenance. Correspondingly, civil engineering engineers also have new demands for their job-fitting capabilities, such as the engineering capabilities of applied talents, the collaboration capabilities of building industrialization, and the data capabilities of product services. Applying system dynamics theory to analyze the causal chain, enhancement loop, adjustment loop and feedback mechanism between the two major variables of training teaching and skill acquisition, the research results show that civil engineering majors in local colleges and universities can learn from the design teaching context, man-machine The interactive platform and the integration of production and education courses in three aspects, optimize the connection relationship of training elements, reconstruct the multi-professional full-cycle training teaching system, and better meet the needs of intelligent construction talents.

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    • The Innovative Pathway of Conventional Engineering Specialty Education under Emerging Engineering Construction Background

      jiangxueliang, YANG Hui, WANG Hao-lei, YIN Peng

      The civil engineering specialty is a typical example of conventional engineering specialty. Under the emerging engineering construction background, there are many problems in the specialty construction, such as no established talent cultivation mode, no op-locked improved mechanism, unprogressive education idea and scattered reform measures. The civil engineering specialty of Central South University of Forestry and Technology (CSUFT) formed a new model of talent cultivation and achieved remarkable effects through the professional accreditation idea’s guide, optimization the system of content and teaching platform and creation of the circulatory improved mechanism (Plan-Do-Check-Act). CSUFT provided some insights for innovative development of conventional emerging engineering education. These insights include: the major goes ahead of the disciplinary and then develop parallelly. The top-level design of educational reform goes ahead of the action. All teachers and students should deeply participate in the overall reform process and the college autonomy should be guaranteed.

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    • Construction of Professional Practical Course System of Geomatics Engineering Oriented by the Ability to Solve Complex Engineering Problems

      Xiong Junnan

      The ability to solve complex engineering problems is an important issue in current engineering education certification and higher engineering education. By expounding the new situation and requirements of current higher education and higher engineering education; combining the concept of engineering education certification; the characters of complex geomatics engineering issue were analyzed; linking with university orientation and characteristics, professional training goals and graduation requirements of geomatics engineering were established, and disassembling the ability that should be trained in practical teaching. Furthermore, a practical teaching course system to support the ability training of complex engineering problems has been established, and constructing a roadmap of practical teaching-ability training. The ability is disassembled into courses for hierarchical and modular training to ensure the achievement of the ability to solve complex engineering problems. The results could provide useful reference for geomatics engineering and relevant major to carry out the revision of professional talent training program and the construction of professional practical course system.

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    • A discussion on the effect assessments of supervisor studio in the training of Master of Architectural: the Case of Shandong Jianzhu University

      ZHAO Hu, MA Cheng-chen, TONG Hui

      The discussion is of great significance in further optimizing the supervisor studio education mode and improving the training quality of the Master of Architectural. Based on the literature review of supervisor studio research, the paper puts forward the framework of studio in the cultivation of architecture graduate students from four aspects: Ideological and political education, curriculum learning, academic ability and professional skills. Moreover, the survey adopted a questionnaire method to evaluate the training effect of the students in Shandong Jianzhu University, which paid attention to the difference between the two types of the students with and without studio training experience, and finally proposed targeted optimization strategies. The research shows that the studio has become one of the main space carriers for the Master of Architectural in Shandong Jianzhu University, and plays an important and positive role in the training process. Although there are still some problems about the poor quality of academic output in the samples surveyed, the training effect of the Master of Architectural Major with studio training experience in Ideological and political education, curriculum learning, academic ability and professional skills is more prominent.

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    • Practice and thinking of multi-agent collaborative education mode in the joint graduation project of urban and rural planning major ——Based on the response of local universities in the context of new engineering

      Zhou min, Dun mingming, Lu zhigang, zhang hong

      Based on the background of new engineering construction, this paper proposes that the graduation design of urban and rural planning major in local universities should embody the curriculum goal of "four in one" comprehensive creative ability. Then, the model of "multi-subject collaborative education" is applied to the "7+1" joint graduation design teaching practice of the national urban and rural planning major, and the implementation measures of graduation design teaching reform are elaborated from the aspects of inter-school collaboration, intra-school collaboration, school administration, enterprise community . Finally, the improvement strategy of joint graduation design for urban and rural planning majors in the context of new engineering construction is proposed in order to provide new ideas for the reform of graduation design teaching in local universities and boost the reform and innovation of urban and rural planning education in the context of new engineering construction.

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    • Research and exploration of multimedia courseware making under the background of emerging engineering education——Taking

      JIAO Jin-feng, XING Ying, GUO Xiu-hua

      The proposal and construction of emerging engineering education policies have given new connotation to the multimedia courseware of civil engineering. Based on the new situation of emerging engineering education construction and industry development, this paper analyzed and summarized the current situation of making multimedia courseware making, proposed corresponding principles of making multimedia courseware, and taking the fundamental theory of steel structure design as an example, explored the making and research of its multimedia courseware.

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    • Study on teaching reform of postgraduate course based on dual carrier of classroom and project:Taking the course of science and technology of concrete as an Example

      LONG Guangcheng, ZENG Xiaohui, DONG Rongzhen, LI Yijin, XIE Youjun

      Curriculum reform is one of the important parts in graduate education. Combining with the characteristics of the course content of "Science and Technology of Concrete Materials" and the actual demand of civil engineering specialty, this paper puts forward the teaching reform goal of "deep integration of theory and practice and great improvement of research ability" in the course teaching. The teaching mode of dual carrier consisted of classroom and project is established, and the integrated teaching idea and method of "theoretical knowledge education-research practice education" oriented to strengthen the cultivation of research ability is formed. It has effectively promoted the improvement of graduate students" autonomous learning ability, knowledge application ability and scientific research practice ability, and has achieved good results in the practice of curriculum teaching reform.

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    • Research and practice of civil engineering construction course teaching based on online multi-platform

      shenqiyu, lijiejie

      In order to achieve "no suspension of classes" and "no suspension of classes" during the epidemic prevention and control period, the "Civil Engineering Construction" course of a university in South China adopted a multi-line platform teaching method, and achieved good results. This course is based on multiple online platforms such as Chinese university MOOC, architectural cloud courses, online course live platforms, QQ groups, etc., and the use of questionnaire surveys to evaluate the teaching effect, the results show that based on multiple online platforms Teaching provides students with rich and flexible learning methods, which can significantly improve students' independent learning ability, expand students' knowledge and improve learning effects. This application model of multi-online platform teaching provides new ideas for curriculum teaching reform during the epidemic.

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    • Teaching research on Conservation Technology of Architectural Heritage with breadth expansion and depth extension

      Wu Lang, Chun Qing

      In order to train qualified professionals, this paper discuss the teaching system of technical courses through reviewing development process of architectural heritage conservation and discipline construction in domestic and foreign universities. The important part of the paper is the teaching objective, course content and teaching form of the postgraduate course “conservation technology of architectural heritage” in School of Architecture, Southeast University. Through exploring a perfect teaching system with both breadth expansion and depth extension, stimulating teaching vitality, improving teaching quality, promoting personnel training towards a higher level and training technical professionals of conservation technology of architectural heritage who could adapt to Chinese conditions.

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    • Practice and Thinking on Online Teaching of for port, waterway and coastal engineering specialty under Epidemic Prevention and Control

      Fu Xiao-li, Cai Yi, Yang Yang, Shen Chao, Jiang Yu-yun

      In early 2020, novel coronavirus pneumonia outbroke worldwide. Under the requirement of the Ministry of education, online teaching has received unprecedented attention. Therefore, how to ensure the quality of online teaching and ensure the learning effect of students has become the teaching difficulties during the epidemic period. Taking the port, waterway and coastal engineering specialty of Tongji University as an example, the online teaching practices including the platform selection, organization arrangement, assessment method and quality management are presented, and the online teaching quality assurance system concerning "platform selection putting emphasis on effect, teaching organization on training, student assessment on process and practice link on guidance" is put forward. Meanwhile, based on practical teaching, the difficulty in online teaching is summarized and its solutions found, which can provide reference for online teaching of port, waterway and coastal engineering specialty specialty in the future.

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    • Exploration and Thinking on the construction of discipline competition of Urban Underground Space Engineering

      Yuwei Zhang

      the National College Students'' subject competition is an important means to stimulate students'' interest in learning, cultivate their innovative thinking, train their teamwork, improve their comprehensive quality and increase their communication. Urban underground space engineering specialty was first established by Central South University in 2002, which is a relatively new specialty. The corresponding discipline competition of urban underground space engineering specialty is also relatively short. At present, only four sessions have been held. Although there are more and more participating colleges and universities with the increase of holding sessions, most universities have not formed a systematic discipline competition construction mode. In order to give full play to the role of discipline competition in talent training and improve the level of undergraduate discipline competition, this paper takes the urban underground space engineering specialty of Xi''an University of architecture and technology as an example, analyzes the current situation of the discipline competition, puts forward the establishment of unified management system relying on Provincial Key Laboratory, and proposes the construction ideas of discipline competition. Finally, it discusses the impact of discipline competition on teaching reform and personnel The significance of talent training, taking this opportunity to improve the level of student participation, enhance the influence of discipline competition, give full play to the significance of discipline competition in talent training, and provide strong support for discipline construction.

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    • The course design and organization of BIM - based applied undergraduate engineering Management major project Cost Management-- A case study of Cun Jin College of Guangdong Ocean University

      Wanling, yueBai

      With the continuous development of information technology, our country at present in the Internet +, artificial intelligence, big data era, with the arrival of the 5 g technology, the new era is about to enter into an age of all things connected, with the development of industrial informatization, BIM (building information model) to become a great transformation in the field of construction engineering, the development of new era inevitably puts forward new requirements to talented person's demand, traditional engineering teaching system and the traditional teaching content might not be suited to the demands of a new age has, under this background, this article first analysis of the present development of engineering management major based on BIM course, Taking Chujin College of Guangdong Ocean University as an example, this paper discusses the course design and organization of Project Cost Management, an application-oriented undergraduate engineering management major based on BIM, so as to provide reference for the course design and organization of Project Cost Management, an application-oriented undergraduate engineering management major.

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    • Teaching Reform Research and Practice of Professional Introduction Courseware Based on the Concept of Engineering Education Accreditation——An Example of ‘Introduction to Road, Bridge and River-crossing engineering’ of Lanzhou University of Technology

      Xiang Changsheng

      Based on 12 graduation ability requirements of the concept of engineering education accreditation, the knowledge system of professional introduction courseware is reconstructed and divided into four parts, freshmen entrance education ability training guidance, bilingual teaching, ideological and political education in curriculum are involved, which are taughtSby four knowledgeable teachers separately. Organized by group teaching in class, students are dividedSintoSgroups of each 6 persons when teaching. For the course multi-level learning evaluation system design, online video watching task, complex engineering problem thinking, team question-basedScompetition, team special topic presentation, course paper writing are introduced. To strengthen or improve the relationship between teachers and students or teaching and learning, communication platform is established between all professional teachers and students to achieve continuous guidance, otherwise, the frame of "30 years linkage between teachers and students" is created for sharing alumni experiences into introduction courseware and assistance of specialty construction. Through several rounds of reformation and practice, the experience can be providedSforSuseful reference of similar engineering introduction courseware and valuable teaching practice guidance.

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    • Construction Practice and Thoughts to Promote the Sound Development of Public Platform for University Scientific Research Experiments

      Yanglili, Long Yuchuan, Li Heping, Huang Haijing

      The key laboratory of the ministry of education is an important Public Platform for scientific research experiments in universities. Take the Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area for example, combined with practical problems, this paper introduces five main experiences in laboratory construction : Rationalization of talent echelon construction by introducing leading talents; Enhance research security by increasing hardware investment; Integration of industry, education, research and application to promote the development of science and education platform; Based on the characteristics of mountainous areas, expanding academic exchanges with foreign countries; Managing virtual and reality alternation, realizing hardware environment usage to be shared. It’s helpful for operation and construction management of the key laboratory of Education Ministry.

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    • Study on?training system?of “Creativity?&?innovation +” professional practical ability for Civil Engineering, Illustrated by the example of Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power


      Based on new engineering education needs for civil engineering, the paper proposes a new training system pointed to characteristic training practical talents. A project mode for professional practical of the first course is strengthen effectively by a series of creativity & innovation off class, in order to perform the definite directive training system?of “Creativity?&?innovation +” professional practical ability for Civil Engineering. The recent three years results show that first-year postgraduates have a clear understanding to what they should do and how to do. The next important task for them is to perform with the help of both series creativity & innovation activities and professional practical ability. The whole Talent Training Goal?with creativity & innovation may be realized step by step to adapt the social development for undergraduates.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Open Service of Mountain Bridge and Materials Engineering Research Center of Ministry of Education

      ZENG Yong

      Open service is an important function of the engineering research center of the Ministry of education. Mountain Bridge and Materials Engineering Research Center of Ministry of Education has actively responded to national policies and accumulated some experience in open service. Open services mainly include the setting of open funds, hosting academic conferences, opening and sharing instruments and equipment, actively conducting academic exchanges, actively exploring and deepening international cooperation in production, learning and research, actively cooperating with domestic and foreign high-level scientific research institutes and engineering centers, scientific communication, and foreign technical services. These innovative measures have greatly stimulated the service ability, research and development ability, social influence and foreign exchange vitality of the center, and explored a new mode for the open service of the engineering research center of the Ministry of education of local universities. The achievements of the center in open service can provide reference for the construction and operation of similar engineering centers.

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    • Analysis on reform of doctoral candidates innovation achievement evaluation system in Universities under the context of "double first-class" construction

      Wang Henan

      "Double first-class" construction is a major strategic deployment of our party and country in the new historical conditions which is an effective approach to promote the development of higher education and deepen the reform of higher education system in China. We should adhere to the guiding ideology of "four actions" and elimination of "five only". According to the general policy of postgraduate education reform in China, this paper analyzes the current situation of doctoral cultivation and degree granting in universities which under the background of “double first-class” construction. In view of the shortcomings of the traditional education and evaluation methods, this paper clarifies the reform ideas of paying attention to the process supervision and paying attention to the diversification of evaluation methods to establish and improve the evaluation system reform of doctoral students' innovation achievements under the background of "double first-class". In order to establish and improve the reform of doctoral candidates innovation achievement evaluation system, the universities should promote the reform in terms of Building a first class doctoral teaching staff, improving the management system, supervision mechanism of doctoral thesis quality and formulating the corresponding innovation achievement evaluation scheme according to the characteristics of different universities and disciplines. The relevant reform measures proposed in this paper and the research outcomes can provide references for the cultivation and degree granting of doctoral candidates in universities.

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    • Discussion of ideological and political education in “Basic theory of reinforced concrete structure” course

      WANG Bo, LI Hong, WU Tao

      Aiming at the problem that the engineering teachers in universities attach importance to professional training, emphasize the acquirement of knowledge and skills, while neglect the educational work, the course “Basic theory of reinforced concrete structure” in civil engineering was taken as an example to conduct analysis. On the basis of analysis for the content and characteristics of this course, the principles and methods for ideological and political education were proposed. The construction of ideological and political education was introduced. The determinated purposes and implementation program of ideological and political education were summarized.

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    • Exploration of the teaching mode of the wood structure design software

      Li Hongmin, Que Zeli, Wang Zhiqiang, Qiu Hongxing

      Wood Structure Design Software is a professional core and characteristic course for the wood structure construction major of Nanjing Forestry University. It is an important design tool for wood structure professionals to engage in professional work and related to the cultivation of the comprehensive quality of wood structure professionals. The course is based on the application of Swiss Cadwork and Germany Xima, the international special design software for wood structure construction, in wood construction engineering. The teaching content involves a lot of international wood structure knowledge. However, the class hour of this course is quite limited which makes it difficult to teach. In order to accommodate the characteristics and difficulties of the course, a series of innovative models are proposed in terms of teaching content, teaching methods, course evaluation, and practical activities to cultivate the students' comprehensive ability. Teaching is based on classroom lectures, supplemented by an online question and ask of software professional training engineers, and academic reports on wood structure software of foreign experts. Students are organized to complete complex model design together with students of the same major from foreign universities, use the software they have learned to participate in the wood structure model design competition between domestic universities, and participate in the practice of digital design and processing of wood structures. Teaching practice shows that the teaching mode of Wood Structure Design Software has achieved good results and the students’ comprehensive ability has been significantly improved which laid a solid foundation for work and study in the future.

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    • Development of online virtual simulation experimental teaching platform of air conditioning system for deep underground space

      ZHANG Donghai, GAO Penghui, Wang Yijiang, WEI Jingsheng, HUANG Jianen, LIU Zhan

      Listed as one of the five top-quality courses launched by Ministry of Education of China, virtual simulation experiment is an important measure to integrate the information technology into experimental teaching to improve the quality and level of experimental teaching, and plays an important role in cultivating the talents. Students-oriented teaching and learning with emphasis on interaction and engagement has been adopted to design the virtual experimental system with combination real resources to aid mutually with advantages. The scientific research is introduced to demand-oriented and problem-based virtual experimental teaching. The modular, hierarchical and fragmented virtual simulation experimental teaching system of air conditioning system for deep underground space is developed based on cutting-edge research in the field of deep underground space air conditioning. The students will be able to implement the online virtual experiment anytime and anywhere with engagement, professional learning, interaction, and whole process assessment. It can make up the deficiency of traditional experiment setup, enrich the experimental teaching means and resources, enhance the students’ innovative capability of solving the complex problem and improve the teaching quality.

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    • Design and Practice of Ideological and Political on the Professional Courses of Port, Waterway and Coastal Engineering Based on OBE Concept: Take the course of "Waterway Engineering" as an example

      Fu Xiao-li, Zhang Hong, Cai Yi, Shen Chao

      The convening of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China marked the entry of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era. At the same time, it also puts forward morality education as the fundamental task of education. University educators should understand curriculum ideology from the mission and responsibilities of higher education in the new era, and regard serving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation as an important mission of education. Under the guidance of the OBE concept, the port, waterway and coastal engineering major of Tongji University takes "student-centered" as the logical starting point. Aiming at the current situation and existing issues of the ideological and political construction of professional courses, the teaching system is first designed as a whole, and subsequently the professional courses are sorted and condensed. Ideological and political concepts, and finally integrate the ideological and political elements into the revision of training goals, graduation requirements and curriculum syllabus. Take the professional core course "Waterway Engineering" as an example, combine new era, new development, new ideas and other topics to carry out case discussions or exchanges, tell Chinese stories well, stimulate students" sense of responsibility, mission and honor, and guide students to continuously improve their professional qualities and enhance the feasibility of students to establish lofty ideals and beliefs.

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    • Study on the cultivation of postgraduates' scientific research quality in the era of big data

      WANG Shu-qing, JI Jin-bao

      The improvement of scientific research quality is an important goal of postgraduate cultivation in universities. With the development of information technology, postgraduate education has been deeply integrated with big data,massive scientific data has gradually become a basic tool and information source for scientific research, and it also provides opportunities for academic misconduct. How to promote the development of education under the wave of big data, steadily improve students' data literacy and scientific research quality, and master the challenges of the fourth paradigm has become an urgent problem to be solved. This article focuses on the analysis of the changes in the learning methods and scientific research methods of college students in the era of big data. It specifically studies the huge impact of big data on the cultivation of graduate students’ scientific research quality from the aspects of teaching mode and scientific research methods. It also analyzes the impact of diversified data. Including issues such as intellectual property rights and scientific research ethics. In view of the unique application of big data in the field of education, this article puts forward suggestions for the cultivation of graduate students’ scientific research quality: (1) Adopting a training model that combines online and offline with the trend of the times; (2) Universities should focus on building databases, and consider cooperating with professional data companies; (3) Focus on improving students' data processing capabilities; (4) Cultivate students' application of emerging technologies; (5) Strengthen the cultivation of research ethics for graduate students.

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    • Rebuilding and operation of practical teaching system of distinctively -installed specialty based on OBE-PDCA idea

      YANG Hui, JIANG Xue-liang, SUN Guang-chen, FAN Wen-chen

      Aimed at the problems of practical teaching system of distinctively-installed specialty,the rebuilding of practical teaching system used the OBE(Outcome based education)idea and the operation of practical teaching system used the PDCA (plan-do-check-act)idea had been proposed. Taken the city underground space engineering specialty,the reverse design flow path of rebuilding for practical teaching system based on OBE had been explained in detail and the operation process of practical teaching system based on PDCA had been analyzed. The practice of our school shows the rebuilding and operation of practical teaching system based on OBE-PDCA idea has made significant progress. The experience of our specialty can provide reference for practical teaching of distinctively-installed specialty.

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    • 产学研;土木工程;创新;培养;协同

      丁选明, Chen Zhixiong, zhang wengang, Xiao Yang, Zhou Hang

      Civil engineering is a practical subject, therefore, the cultivation of civil engineering talents need combine with practice. There is a significant meaning for improving cultivation quality by production, teaching and research model. Combining with more than ten years teaching experiences, the civil engineering talents training model with integration of production-university-research has been created. In summary, colleges need cultivate more inter-disciplinary talents who can meet the needs of society, and corporations have to submit professional and technical requirements according to their needs. Only through the way to building a system of production-university-research cooperative education that integrates "collaborative education", "collaborative teaching", and "collaborative innovation" by colleges and corporations together, can it promotes the cultivation of civil engineering talents in the integration of production-teaching-research effectively.

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    • Discussion on the construction of Curriculum Ideology in civil engineering courses

      JI Feng-ling, HUANG Wen

      Curriculum Ideology is an effective way for colleges to promote teaching reform and improve the quality of curriculum education. At present, the main problems existing in the process of Curriculum Ideology of civil engineering are as follows: the concept of ideological and political education of professional teachers is not strong, the level of ideological and political education is relatively low; the ideological and political education of professional curriculum is lack of practical experience for reference; ideological and political education can not be effectively implemented owing to the lack of organic connection between relevant professional courses. In view of these problems, this paper attempts to take the professional curriculum module as the basic unit to carry out the ideological and political construction from four aspects: improving the ideological and political level of the professional teachers team, carrying out the integration of professional curriculum and professional training, compiling auxiliary teaching materials of ideological and political education, and developing the second classroom of ideological and political education. The dual educational functions of "knowledge imparting" and "value leading" of professional curriculum can be truly realized. The ideological and political construction of professional curriculum is a foundation for the cultivation of high-quality civil engineering professionals with correct political direction, solid theoretical basis and innovative ability.

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    • Research on the effectiveness of teaching quality evaluation method based on cloud model: a case of engineering mechanics course

      GUO Hui-yong

      In order to solve the subjectivity and effectiveness problem of university teaching quality evaluation method, a teaching quality evaluation method based on cloud model is presented and the effective strategy of teaching evaluation to avoid the influence of subjectivity is discussed. First, the main content of university teaching quality evaluation is described, which consists of six parts. Then, the subjectivity problem of teaching quality evaluation system is analyzed, and the effectiveness problem of evaluation result is discussed. Finally, using the advantage of cloud model in dealing with fuzziness and randomness of statistics problem, a teaching quality evaluation method based on cloud model membership is proposed, which can improve the reliability and reduce the subjective disturbance. Taking the evaluation data of an engineering mechanics course as a case, the traditional subjective observation exclusion method and statistical standard deviation exclusion method, and the proposed cloud model membership exclusion method and cloud model membership combination method are utilized to evaluate the teaching quality, respectively. The results show that the cloud model membership combination method can precisely evaluate the teaching quality. The method not only reduces the disturbance of subjective factors, but also improves the effectiveness of teaching quality evaluation results.

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    • Characteristics of Social Demand and Knowledge System of Engineering Education for the Major of Water Science and Engineering

      ZHANG Zhi

      According to the professional connotation and training objectives stipulated in the National Standard for Professional Teaching Quality of High Education, combined with the requirements of engineering education evaluation and certification, characteristics of social demand for the major of Water Science and Engineering are systematically analyzed from 8 aspects, such as resource, sociality, environment and economy, etc. The results show that the social needs of this major have the characteristics of wide range, many influencing factors, high complexity and strong comprehensiveness, so that higher requirements are put forward for the construction ofknowledge system for engineering education, the setting of curriculum system and the implementation of teaching system. Based on the concept of OBE, the knowledge system of engineering education is also put forward, which is suitable for the demand characteristics of the major of Water Science and Engineering, and the coupling relationship between them is analyzed systematically.

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    • Research on the Work of Student Party construction in the Dormitory Area under the Background of


      In order to promote the " Three-Wide Education whole-process education and all-round education, the Huxi campus of Chongqing University has combined its own advantages and actively explored new ways of Student Party construction in the Dormitory Area .by establishing "One Student Affair Office and two Student Activity Rooms Then formed integrated education pattern of dormitory educating people.

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    • Discussion and practice of ideological and political teaching of professional courses in the training of engineering postgraduates

      Li Jie

      In order to promote the construction of "curriculum ideological and political" model course in postgraduate training, as analyzing the problems existing in the development of curriculum ideological and political, the connotation and requirements of curriculum ideological and political are clarified. The countermeasures and ideas of curriculum ideological and political construction are discussed. Then the teaching concept of curriculum ideological and political education of faith + feelings + literacy is put forward. Finally, taking the civil engineering graduate students of Zhengzhou University as an example, the ideological and political teaching practice of the three forming an organic whole is carried out for the professional course "theory of bridge structure calculation".

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    • Teaching Idea and Practice Exploration of Ideological and Political of Basic Mechanics Course


      To comprehensively promote the ideological and political construction of curriculum is an effective measure to fulfill the fundamental task of moral education, which affects and decides the problems of talent training, national stability, national rejuvenation and national rise. The basic mechanics course is a very important basic course for most science and engineering majors. How to integrate the ideological and political teaching idea into the basic mechanics course and realize the purpose of collaborative education are urgent problems for the majority of mechanics educators.Taking the course of basic mechanics as an example, by giving full play to the team construction and practical exploration, the ideological and political elements contained in the course are deeply explored, and the course ideological and political teaching cases and implementation paths are explored, so as to provide reference for the collaborative education construction of the course of mechanics in colleges and universities.Firstly, it emphasizes the necessity of ideological and political teaching reform of basic mechanics course.Secondly, the course ideological and political teaching case can cultivate students' patriotism and unremitting pursuit of science, improve students' national pride and cultural confidence, cultivate students' dialectical thinking, and shape students' correct outlook on life, values and engineering ethics.Finally, the paper puts forward the implementation path of multi-dimensional and multi-link curriculum ideology and politics, and adds modern information technology and student participation into the reform of curriculum ideology and politics.

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    • Constitution of Practice Teaching System for Environmental Engineering in Area-application-oriented Institutes

      Ma Xiao, Wang Hukun, Zhou Xiangjun, Yu Songlin, LI Lu

      Based on certification standards for engineering education, a kind of practice teaching system, combining universities, enterprises or government sectors and projects, was presented according characteristics of Environmental Engineering of Hubei Normal University. We discuss the reform methods from five respects to improve students" abilities for engineering practicing and solving complex engineering problems, including teaching system, practice base constructing, practice teachers, teaching management and evaluation. This project would provide a reference for reformation of Environmental Engineering in local universities or other relevant engineering majors.

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    • Integration and teaching practice of Ideological and political elements in engineering project management under the background of new engineering


      Combined with the teaching content and characteristics of engineering project management, exploring how to integrate the concept of"Ideological and Political Courses" in professional teaching, talking the content of the teaching plan design, improving teachers' Ideological and political ability, and discusses the process of combining curriculum ideological and political with curriculum and case. Taking the huoshenshan hospital construction project as an example as for in-depth analysis, digging out potential ideological and political elements, and finally making a conclusion on the curriculum ideological and political construction.

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    • New teaching model and best practice of high-rise building construction with deep integration of PinMing software

      zhangaili, HUA Jianmin, KANG Ming, LUO Ling

      Knowing existing issues and inefficiencies of traditional teaching methods,this article propose a new teaching model that brings in deep integration of PinMing software and high-rise building construction course.The open classroom and collaborative teaching model focus on the integration of both course content and teaching and learning objectives.It implements emerging technology into high-rise building curriculum to align with industry standards and development,to fulfill the talent acquisition needs from society and companies. Flipped classroom is adopted for teaching, and a student-centered teaching system of high-rise building construction and a diversified evaluation system centered on ability assessment are established to cultivate students" engineering practice ability and BIM technology application ability, so as to realize the deep integration of information technology and teaching. The ideological and political elements contained in the curriculum are explored to form the synergistic effect of curriculum and ideological and political cooperation. The teaching mode of the deep integration of high-rise building construction courses and PinMing software software provides students with a space for independent thinking and free play, creates opportunities to exercise various abilities, and forms a classroom situation that stimulates innovation. The teaching model may be used as a reference of teaching practice of other courses in Civil Engineering major.

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    • Exploration and practice of the reopening class for improving teaching efficiency

      Wang Ye, Li Yaning

      Based on enough research data, some common problems existing in the students of reopening class and the present teaching management system of the university are summarized in this paper. According to the people-oriented principle and the author’s teaching practice, some efficient measurements are proposed from the aspects of improving students" ideological understanding, organizing the class teaching scientifically, reforming teaching management mode, strengthening the communication between teachers and students, clarifying the connection between student management and classroom teaching and deepening the interaction of scientific research and teaching. The study is meaningful for improving students" ideological understanding, stimulating the responsibility of the teachers, improving the present reopening class teaching model and perfecting the teaching management system of university teaching.

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    • Architecture Speciality Building Economic CourseExploration and Practice of Teaching Reform

      HE Zhao-ming

      This paper starting from the quality of architectural engineering, based on the analysis of the current situation of the training of architectural professionals and the teaching of architectural construction technology,to explored the application of engineering design patterns in the teaching of architectural construction courses,put forward the engineering design of case teaching and course of architecture design with the combination of teaching ideas. Through the demonstration of engineering design teaching process and the analysis of teaching effect, this paper expounds the procedure and characteristics of engineering design teaching. The teaching practice proves that the engineering design teaching of architectural construction courses not only enriches the teaching content of architectural construction, but also improves the independent learning ability and engineering practice ability of architectural students, providing new ideas for the practice of architectural courses.

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    • Innovative research and practice of talents cultivation plan of civil engineering major of intelligent construction college for emerging engineering education

      wu he, sun xu jie, yang yang, zhang xu hong, dong yan qiu, wang wei ming

      In this paper, talents cultivation plan of civil engineering major of intelligent construction college to meet the needs of emerging engineering education and the development of construction industry was studied. In the plan, training objective was established to meet demand of industrialization and intellectualization in construction, curriculum system was constructed which include engineering general education platform, professional foundation of civil engineering platform, new technology and interdisciplinary module, engineering and social module, innovation module and intelligent construction module. A "3+1" training mode based on multi-agent cooperation was adopted which introducing enterprise to participate in education. It is to cultivate the application-oriented undergraduate talents who are adapt to the development of industrialization, digitization and intelligence of construction and needed by enterprises. It plays well in intelligent construction college and can provides reference for similar colleges to carry out emerging engineering education major construction.

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    • Exploration and practice on the integrated interdisciplinary teaching mode of building environment and energy engineering specialty on the background of emerging engineering education

      ZHANG Donghai, GAO Penghui, HUANG Jianen, WANG Yijiang, WEI Jinsheng

      Emerging engineering education is vital in building up a strong China in higher education and meeting the challenges of economic development, industrial transformation, and global competition. Based on the advantages and feature resources in traditional engineering discipline and new development requirements in emerging engineering education, the integrated interdisciplinary teaching mode of building environment and energy engineering program is explored and in practice. The main measures include orientation of talents cultivation characteristics, development of the integrated interdisciplinary curriculum system, construction of teaching staffs with multidisciplinary background, establishment of the diversified practical platforms through collaboration, combination of research innovation and science and technology competition with teaching and learning, implementation of China-International education collaboration, and has achieved good results. The innovation and practice of training mode can be used as a reference for other programs in universities with industry characteristics.

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    • Historical Architecture of Universities from the Perspective of Cultural Confidence: Cohesion of Spiritual Power and Cultural Inheritance

      Wei Wei

      Cultural self-confidence is the concentrated expression of the excellent culture of a country and nation at the spiritual level, and the conscious inheritance of the behavior level. As an important material heritage and spiritual and cultural carrier of the university, the historical buildings of the university have the possibility of transforming the outstanding culture of the university into the emotional identity of teachers, students, and employees from the architectural entities, design concepts, and memory spaces. On the basis of pride and self-esteem, build the cultural confidence of university students, and provide cultural prototypes and spiritual accumulation for the effective inheritance and development of university culture. At present, in the context of advocating the excavation of excellent traditional culture and the building of Chinese people"s cultural self-confidence, many colleges and universities are experiencing wastes of cultural resources related to historical buildings and inadequate publicity. University students still need to work together to build historical buildings into cultural heritage with unique values and distinctive features, and to become a favorable carrier for enhancing the self-confidence of university culture.

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    • Thoughts on the Improvement and Reform to the Quality of Online Teaching of Civil Engineering Courses

      DING Yong, LI Wenjing, GAO Yafeng

      In the teaching process of higher education, the attention is often paid on the improvement of the teaching ability of teachers, but the necessary thinking on the improvement of the ability to gain knowledge of students is lacked. Combined with the development of the online teaching mode in recent China, the author conducted a survey and analyzed the state of the audience students, and on this basis, carried out thinking on the innovation of teaching methods of higher education. Through the survey about learning state, it is reflected that under the online mode, the students ''self-consciousness has a significant impact on the learning effect, and the improvement of students'' self-consciousness is also achieved gradually during the learning process. In the analysis of the teaching methods and models, combined with the differences in the characteristics of the audience students in the survey at each stage, the idea that teaching method should be taken according to different stages was put forward.

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    • Study on the effect evaluation and countermeasure of cultivating professional master of graduate workstation in enterprise

      wang xing ping

      Combining with the national professional ability training of professional master"s degree graduate students orientation and requirements, based on a brief analysis on the relevant studies and references, this paper study on the enterprise graduate workstation which was constructed by Southeast university and other enterprises. We choose in standing professional master students and the tutors for different questionnaire. on the basis of questionnaire results, two groups for students and their tutors perceptions and opinions about the enterprise mode of cultivating postgraduate workstation are analyzed and summarized, and then the effects on the professional master"s degree graduate students professional skills training by the enterprise graduate workstation was evaluated and analyzed, Then, this paper puts forward some Suggestions for improving the existing problems.

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    • Exploration of online teaching practice of postgraduate specialized courses based on STU model-- Taking the course of Building Energy Conservation as an example

      ZHANG Ling-ling, XU Ao, SUI Jie-li, SUN Bao-de

      This paper makes a practical exploration of the online teaching method of the postgraduate professional course "Building Energy Conservation". Through the questionnaire survey of graduate students, the advantages and disadvantages of online teaching are analyzed, and corresponding countermeasures are taken. According to the characteristics of small-class teaching, Tencent class can be selected for course recording and playback, and combined with the QQ group sharing teaching form with better screen function and smooth operation; Use live online video teaching and interspersed with irregular questions to deal with the poor state of online teaching students; To mobilize students study enthusiasm, stimulate the learning motivation and professional interests of STU teaching mode, pay attention to the cultivation of the students" ability of autonomous learning, from the perspective of professional interests, will be boring static knowledge by using simulation software such as digital information means into dynamic interest in learning, curriculum knowledge into each student"s research direction, and complement each other in the team cooperation, from the view of the sustainable development of building energy efficiency and develop the students" scientific thinking, improve students" innovation consciousness.

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    • Research and Exploration on the Construction Practice of Architecture Major in Domestic Universities

      daiqiusi, WU Jiaxuan, YE Zixian, SHAN Haotian

      Architectural design teaching combined with construction practice has become an important teaching mode and been widely used.Through the collection and investigation of various construction practice activities carried out by architecture schools in recent years, three main types are summarized, namely construction courses as teaching activities, domestic and international construction competitions organized by colleges and universities, and rural construction competitions.The three types of construction activities are compared and expounded from the aspects of nature and objective, material and function, evaluation and influence. In the end, the paper gives some reflections and Suggestions on the future development of architecture construction teaching based on the dynamic development of construction practice.

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    • The practice of undergraduate-level vocational education talent training: Taking Chongqing Vocational and Technical University of Mechatronics as an example

      fengxiaohong, chenjunjie

      As the first batch of undergraduate-level vocational education pilot colleges in the country, Chongqing Vocational and Technical University of Mechatronics actively participates in undergraduate-level vocational education talent training practice based on the characteristics of "undergraduate education in level and vocational education in type". First of all, through the transformation of talent training goals, the differences and connections between vocational undergraduates and vocational colleges and ordinary undergraduates are discussed, and the positioning of the training goals of undergraduate vocational education talents is found. Second, the undergraduate-level vocational education talent training system is constructed from four aspects: faculty, practical teaching, professional teaching, and skills training. Finally, take the engineering cost major of Chongqing Vocational and Technical University of Mechatronics as an example to carry out undergraduate level vocational education talent training practice. Through this talent training practice, a modular curriculum based on job ability was set up; the "1+X" certificate system was incorporated into the curriculum teaching and evaluation system for the first time; it promoted the reform of digital and intelligent online teaching models for engineering cost majors

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    • Experimental Study on the Overall Stability of Bamboo-skin Axial Compression Box Member

      NIE Shidong, ZHANG Hui, LI Jingyao, CHEN Zhi

      Axial compression test was carried out based on 114 bamboo skin box-section columns, and the overall stability performance of equilateral box-section columns made of bamboo with 0.35mm and 0.5mm thickness specifications under different width-to-thickness ratios was studied. Based on the test results, the instability failure form and the overall stability coefficient of the bamboo skin box-section column were analyzed. The test results show that when the box-section member is loaded, there are both local instability and overall bending instability. Among the members with a slenderness ratio less than the critical slenderness ratio, local instability is the main component under compression, and overall instability is dominant in the members with a slenderness ratio greater than critical slenderness ratio. By analyzing and fitting the test data, the critical slenderness ratios of the box sections with three widths and thickness ratios of two types of bamboo skins were calculated, and the design method of the column curve and bearing capacity of the box members with axial compression of bamboo skins was proposed, which provides scientific theoretical basis and calculation formula for the section design of members in the structural design competition.

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    • Method Research of Experimental Teaching on Tailings Reservoir Dam Break Based on Virtual Simulation

      Zhang Xiaobo, Yao Chi, WU Ligong, Yang Jianhua, Jiang Shuihua

      Due to its large-scale and large destructive nature, tailings pond dams have great difficulties in teaching practice and research. As an innovative teaching method, experimental teaching based on virtual simulation has been well applied in many fields of teaching and has achieved good results. Based on the virtual simulation system of the tailings dam breach laboratory at Nanchang University, this paper proposes a virtual-simulation-based experiment teaching plan of “one platform, two orientation, three levels and four modules”. The specific program and its characteristics of the virtual simulation experiment teaching on tailings dam break are introduced. Two main problems in the experimental teaching based on virtual simulation are summarized and corresponding solution countermeasures are put forward.

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    • Construction and Practice of "Five-in-One" Talents Training Model for Civil Engineering Specialty in Agricultural Universities

      HE Chunbao, LI Genying

      The Rural Revitalization and the construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Marco Greater Bay Area provide new opportunities for the development of civil engineering professionals in agricultural universities. In order to realize the goal of integrative talents training of civil engineering specialty in agricultural universities, which is "the knowledge of managerial,design and construction”, we should integrate the teaching resources inside and outside the school, Following the school-running characteristics of "work-based, combination of industry and agriculture", a “Five-in-One” talent training mode is created to reflect the characteristics of agricultural universities. The curriculum system,experimental teaching system, science and technology team of student, teaching staff , teaching quality monitoring and guarantee system have been constructed. Practice shows that the “Five-in-One” talent training model has achieved good results in terms of teaching conditions, teaching and research level of teachers, students’ comprehensive ability, demonstration and promotion of construction results and social impact.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Hybrid Online Teaching Mode for Specialized Courses in Colleges and Universities


      Affected by the epidemic, most of the teaching activities have been converted to online teaching methods, exploring informatized teaching methods and ensuring the quality of online teaching is a common challenge faced by teachers and students. The characteristics of SPOC, Rain Classroom, Dingding Live and other teaching modes are analyzed, and the integrated online smart teaching mode of "SPOC + Rain Classroom + Dingding" is discussed from the aspects of teaching resource preparation, teaching activity design, and evaluation system establishment. The preliminary practice of teaching professional courses in engineering has achieved good results, which can provide a reference for online teaching of professional courses in colleges and universities.

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    • Research on related cases for the teaching of material mechanics in mining engineering

      ZHANG Guimin, LIU Yuxuan, DONG Jiwei, LUO Ning

      Material mechanics is a very important professional basic course for mining engineering. Collecting, collating and teaching the related cases of mining engineering can effectively improve the teaching effect. Driven by science and technology, mining engineering in China has achieved vigorous development, including many construction achievements and also many failure cases. If these cases are selected as teaching cases, they can make the course full of vitality. Based on the curriculum of material mechanics, several representative cases related to mining engineering are listed in this paper, including the axial tensioning of non-full-length anchors, axial compression of the mining pillar, shearing and extrusion of anchor trays, shearing of the horizontal roadway crossing normal fault, twist of the drill pipe of mining rigs, hypotheses of the fixed beam and cantilever beam for the roof, strength theory of rocks under uniaxial or triaxial compression, the combined deformation of the transmission shaft of the roadheader, the instability of the compressive single hydraulic prop, and the fall accidents of the shaft cage. The above cases refer to every chapters in the course of Material Mechanics, and they can provide reference for the classroom teaching of the instructors.

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    • Exploration on the "double regression path" of application-oriented undergraduates' practice and innovation ability training

      Li Ruige, WANG Yanru, WANG Xiaogang

      Abstract: The grasp is lacking in the cultivation of practical innovation ability of application-oriented undergraduates.After more than ten years of exploration, a dual return path of "extracurricular-in-class-extra-curricular" and "all-staff-top-notch-all" has been explored. Using this route could from point to area , the old to the new, and the excellent students to drive ordinary students in cultivate innovation ability in practice, and improved students' initiative and participation in innovative practice. The construction of this path started from the top-level design, and scientifically builds an innovative talent training system that combines in-class teaching and extra-curricular practice. At the same time,the teacher built a reasonable and effective innovation platform for students to integrate competition and education to ensure that the training of innovative ability extends from in-class to extra-curricular. Finally, the teacher optimized the selection mechanism, categorized and cultivated students' practical innovation ability, established the main status of students in innovative practice, and ensured the training effect. This method was implemented in the School of Civil Engineering & Architecture. The effectiveness of the dual return path in cultivating innovation ability was reflected in the students' awards in competitions, the quality and quantity of innovation results, employment rate, employer satisfaction feedback, and graduate satisfaction surveys.

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    • Reform and practice on mixed-mode teaching in the context of COVID-19 based on Indoor Air Environment curriculum

      WANG Zhao-jun, LIU Jing, DONG Jian-kai, LIU Chang

      In the context of COVID-19, a mixed-mode teaching was explored. The reforms for teaching content and mode were introduced through a case of Indoor Air Environment, which is a core curriculum for postgraduate students of HVAC program. The innovations included teaching content restruction based on online teaching mode, interaction design based on an intelligent teaching platform, and mixed-mode teaching design based on Flipped Classrooms. The ideological and political elements were deeply researched based on network resources for COVID-19, and were integrated into in a CFD simulation teaching case to reshape the teaching contents. Flipped Classrooms were adopted in the process management for curriculum paper to realize mixed-mode teaching and improve students" learning achievement. Finally, a good teaching effect has been achieved after a semester of teaching practice.

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    • Experimental study on mechanical properties of hollow rods for structure design contest for college students

      WANG Yong-bao, ZHANG Liu-peng, WANG Jian, ZHANG Xiao-lei, MIAO Chen-xi

      In order to study the basic mechanical properties of different types of hollow bars made of bamboo strips or bamboo skin commonly used in the structural design contest for college students, and to select the appropriate section size for the model making of competitors, 123 pieces of samples made of bamboo skin with size of 0.2mm, 0.35mm, 0.5mm and bamboo strip with size of 2*2mm , 3*3 mm with 100 mm in length were made. The ultimate bearing capacity of hollow bar with different side length was tested by electronic pressure testing machine. And its failure form, load mass ratio and ratio of experimental and theoretical values were analyzed. The test results show that the single-layer bamboo skin component is mainly cracked by edges and corners. And the double-layer bamboo skin component is mainly damaged by bending; The composite component of bamboo skin and bamboo strip can avoid the above two kinds of damage forms; The single-layer bamboo skin component with 0.5mm in depth and 10 mm in width has a higher ultimate bearing capacity. However, the ultimate bearing capacity can be reduced by 50% due to manual manufacturing; The load mass ratio of the 0.5 mm double-layer bamboo skin component is the largest, up to 400 N/g; The ultimate bearing capacity of the composite component of bamboo skin and bamboo strip is about 1000 N. And the load mass ratio is between 300~450 N/g, which is not much different from that of the double-layer bamboo skin. The reduction of bearing capacity due to manual manufacturing is small. It is suitable for structures with large stress.

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    • On the “Three-Incorporation” in Teaching of Specialty Course for Undergraduate Students

      Chen Jianbing, Li Suzhen

      For some issues of common interest in the teaching of specialty courses for undergraduate students majored in engineering, in the present paper the perspective of Tsien’s modern scientific and technological systems is adopted, and the viewpoint of “three-incorporation” in teaching, i.e., the incorporation of scientific common basis and special engineering problems, the incorporation of scientific principles and experiences or commonsense in daily life and industrial production, and the incorporation of qualitative concepts and quantitative methodologies, is proposed. The idea is illustrated by taking the teaching of undergraduate course “Loads and Structural Design Principles” as an example.

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    • Blended Teaching Research and Practice for Application-oriented Undergraduate Education Based on SPOC --Taking the < soil mechanics> Course as an Example

      Li Ying, LIAO HongJian

      The applied talent is one of major talent gaps currently. However, the traditional teaching methods cannot meet the needs of cultivating applied technical talents. Classroom teaching reform is an important link in improving applied talent-cultivation system. In this paper, Characteristics of applied undergraduate students and problems of their classroom teaching are analyzed first, and four key problems in classroom teaching process are put forward. Based on these four problems and followed the criteria of golden course, the research and practice on blended learning based on SPOC is carried out with the < soil mechanics> course as an example. Contemporary course characteristics are discussed, teaching process and examination criteria are designed, students’scores are analyzed and teaching review is conducted. The practice shows that course difficulty is increased effectively without the increase of class hours after blended learning, study initiatives are improved and good effects have been got. Aiming to provide application-oriented universities a reference of developing blended learning with SPOC and a better practice of “student-centered, outcome-based and ability oriented “teaching concepts.

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    • Exploration on curriculum ideological and political education under the background of engineering education accreditation standards: taking the course of Seismic Design of Building Structure as an example

      ZHENG Xiaofen, WANG Jiyao

      Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the state has put forward new requirements for ideological and political education in colleges and universities. Based on the construction requirements of ideological and political education in universities, taking the course of Seismic Design of Building Structure in Tongji university college of civil engineering as an example. By analyzing the meaning and the target of ideological and political education, combining with the three core ideas: Student Centering, Outcome Based Education, Continuous Quality Improvement in engineering education accreditation standards, moral education elements had been excavated. Based on the characteristics of the course itself, this paper explored the teaching reformation path. Starting from the three levels of teaching objective, teaching content, teaching form and mechanism, this paper puts forward suggestions for the teaching reformation of curriculum ideological and political education: firstly, it should straighten out values from the fundamental level of teaching objective, and make clear who to train, how to train and for whom to train; secondly, ideological and political elements should reflect the specific content of the course and be skillfully integrated into the teaching spontaneously and silently; finally, student-centered teaching forms and mechanisms should be reformed to improve students" self-perceived ideological and political abilities.

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    • The Teaching Reform of Civil Engineering Construction Course Led by

      wang wenjing, xu nianyong

      Education is the country’s top priority, what kind of people to train and how to train them is the primary problem of education. Under the concept of full-staff education, full-process education, and all-round education, curriculum ideology and politics is the internal requirement of ideological and political education reform in colleges and universities. and the teaching reform of professional courses under the guidance of curriculum ideological and political is the trend and direction. This article combines the civil engineering construction course of civil engineering majors, with the curriculum ideological and political as the guidance, and excavates the ideological and political elements of the course from the aspects of teaching objectives, teaching content, teaching methods and means, assessment and evaluation, classroom teaching organization, etc., to explore teaching reform. It provides the reference for the implementation of curriculum ideological and political of civil engineering professional courses.

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    • Discussion on innovative model of training postgraduates by university -enterprise cooperation tutor team

      ZHANG Jiru, FAN Xiaochun, LIU Yuanzhi, PENG Ziqiang, FAN Jianfeng, SI Min

      The establishment of a professional degree postgraduate tutor team combining universities and enterprises is an important measure for innovative talent training models. The composition and operation management system of university-enterprise cooperation tutor team, the practical teaching reform, the curriculum construction, and the quality control and evaluation of degree thesis were summarized based on the pilot work of professional degree postgraduate team guidance, a project of university-enterprise cooperation training model reform in Wuhan University of Technology. The results promoted the change and innovation in the training mode of professional degree postgraduate. The tutor team with multi-disciplinary background promoted the knowledge innovation and technological innovation in postgraduate education.

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    • Analysis of party construction of independent colleges Based on Literature measurement

      wangshuyue, taoyuxiang

      The independent college has a special operation mechanism, and it is an important task to train the successors of socialism. It is an important task for the new era to do a good job in the party construction of the independent college. First, this paper combs the current situation and bottlenecks in the party construction of independent colleges; secondly, with the help of bibliometric method, the literature data of China HowNet from 2004 to November 2019 are visualized. The research found that the academic community continued to pay attention to the party building work of independent colleges, and the research focuses on four aspects: the necessity of the party building work of independent colleges, the discovery and solution of problems, the specific methods to solve problems, and the integration of innovative thinking to promote the development of Party building, theoretical research serves to solve practical problems. Strengthen the ideological and political education of teachers and students, empower the party construction of independent colleges with the help of new models such as Internet and intelligence, and improve the level of Party construction.

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    • The Causes and Measures of the Alienation of Post-graduate teacher-student Relationship In the View of “Boundary Theory”

      weiruirui, wangyngmi

      At present,China's graduate education has developed rapidly and the enrollment scale has been expanding continuously, but at the same time, there are many problems in graduate education, and alienation of teacher-student relationship is one of the typical problems. From the perspective of Simmel's "boundary theory", this paper finds that the "ambiguous boundary between power and responsibility, interests and actions" is an important reason for the alienation of the teacher-student relationship. Therefore, it is the key to prevent and dissolve the alienation of teacher-student relationship by perfecting the system norms of teacher-student relationship, advocating the concept of equal interaction between teachers and students, and then constructing a clear boundary.

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    • Construction of Bridge Engineering Course Group under the Background of New Engineering

      ZHAO QIU, GU Yin, HUANG Yanping, SHANGGUAN Ping

      In the process of continuously improving the educational concept of "new engineering engineering subjects ". At present, China has made remarkable achievements in the scale and quantity of bridge construction, but it can only prove that China is a big bridge country, not a bridge powerhouse. As a traditional engineering specialty, bridge engineering is representative in the construction of " new engineering subjects ". This paper will discuss how to implement the construction of "new engineering subjects

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    • Research on the “problem based” ecological classroom model under the endogenous demand of ideological and political education in college

      XING Xiaoqin

      Ideological and political course in college is the key course to carry out the fundamental task of building moral education. In order to improve the teaching quality of ideological and political education in college and truly realize the “classroom revolution”, we must explore the classroom model adapting to the new era of ideological and political education in college. Firstly, the endogenous demand of ideological and political courses in college was clarified. On this basis, ecological teaching thinking science was integrated into ideological and political courses, with problem design as the core and ecological subject enjoying “sense of acquisition” as the center to construct a “problem based” ecological classroom model. This mode can fully realize the two-way “sense of acquisition” between teachers and students, so as to better realize the innovation of ideological and political course teaching mode in college.

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    • Teaching research and practice of urban design course for graduate students of big data empowering architecture

      LIU Jie-yi, HU Ying, Wang Yi -ming, Zhang Fang

      The application of big data combined with urban design has become the development trend in the field of urban design. It is of great significance to empower graduate students with big data through urban design teaching. According to the previous feedback, the existing urban design courses combined with the application of big data have some problems, such as insufficient subjective understanding of the use of big data, compression of teaching content of urban design, weak technical foundation of big data, lack of teaching guidance basis, etc. In view of the above problems, this paper puts forward the curriculum practice of urban design combined with big data application. In the process, it can be found that the adjustment of teaching objectives, pre class preparation, stage operation and big data teaching setting, course evaluation and feedback, etc. can be used as the realization means of big data application in the course. On this basis, the big data enabling approach can be combined with the urban design course, and students' big data application ability can be gradually strengthened through the training of big data foundation, data collection and mining, data analysis, innovative design of data application, visual expression, etc. Finally, it is pointed out that the use of big data has changed students' learning of urban design course and affected their creative thinking mode.

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    • Research on the Effect of Online teaching during Outbreak of COVID-19 based on SPSS

      Jiang Chunlin, Ge Yanhui

      Owing to the outbreak of COVID-19, the opening of spring semester is postponed, but teaching is not suspended, which requires teachers to utilize the network platform for online teaching smoothly. How to ensure the quality of teaching and learning has become a big challenge. Based on the online questionnaire platform "www.wjx.cn", this paper analyzes the students after six-week online course. The results show that students are basically satisfied with online teaching,network stability and platform ease of use are the main influencing factors of online teaching effect. In addition to reasonable content arrangement and skilled platform use, teachers should use online real-time assessment to maintain students" attention and enthusiasm. In addition, the duration of online courses should be shortened appropriately. For students, mobile phones should be avoided as much as possible, and extra help should be provided for girls. These research results provide data support for the adjustment and improvement of online teaching in the later stage.

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    • Gold Class Teaching Design of Structural Mechanics under the Background of Engineering Education Accreditation

      XIAN Qingjun, ZHANG Qingzhang, JIN Libing

      Based on the concept of engineering education, supporting effect of structural mechanics to graduation requirements of civil engineering specialty is analyzed. In view of the course features of structural mechanics, teaching ideas of structural mechanics are designed in accordance of gold class standard. Take the course content of force method for solving statically indeterminate structure for example, many methods of case teaching method, heuristic teaching method, discussion teaching method and so on are adopted. First the statically indeterminate structure is introduced from project cases, then specific ideas and steps of solution with force method are discussed, finally the knowledge learned is applied to solve steel structure engineering problems of the stadium in Zhengzhou Olympic Sports Center, thus general engineering problems and complex engineering problems are all solved. The teaching process achieves good results, which provides references for teaching of other foundation engineering courses of engineering specialties.

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    • Methodology——The Application of Spatial Operation Method in Architecture Teaching by Analyzing the Results of the Third Grade Design Course

      lixiaodong, tonghui, liuwen, chenshiwei, yuyaxin, wangzhikun, qiyueyu

      Due to the combination of sensibility and rationality, the connection of art and technology, it is difficult to measure the conception, deepening process and design results of architectural courses. This also makes design course teaching generally have no rules to follow and cannot be followed, and it is difficult to use standard methods and step-by-step procedures to explain and impart professional knowledge. The teaching effect fluctuates greatly. The spatial operation method realizes the methodological training of step by step control and layer by layer depth, taking this as the starting point to guide the students to form the learning method of adapting to the task goal and restricting elements, further constructing a self-contained and logically mature design vocabulary, and cultivating students to form a perfect architectural professional accomplishment from the shallow to the deep and from the simple to the complex.

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    • The application of question-construction drawing-engineering training in the teaching of building equipment

      Wang Danmei

      Building Equipment involves three majors: building water supply and drainage, HVAC and building electrical. This course involves so much professional knowledge that teaching is difficult.The teaching of ‘building equipment’ includes theoretical knowledge, construction drawings and equipment installation. This paper puts forward the teaching method of the question-construction drawing-engineering training to improve the teaching effect of the course. In the paper, the problem-based teaching method is used to strengthen the students’ theoretical knowledge of construction equipment. The course improves students’ practical application ability through construction drawing teaching. The course enhances students’ understanding of equipment installation through on-site training.

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    • The syllabus in civil engineering based on the joint requirements for engineer capacity, accreditation standard, and professional specifications: a case of the curriculum of construction law

      ZHANG Youzhi, GU Hongchun

      Construction law is an important kind of law curriculum in civil engineering specialty. In the line with the joint requirements for engineer capacity, accreditation standard, and professional specifications, the curriculum of construction law is chosen as the study target, whose curriculum aims and capacity requirement, the relationship between curriculum aims and graduation standards, teaching contents and arrangement, teaching method design, curriculum test methods, and evaluation of curriculum aims. The research results have important complications for making curriculum syllabuses of civil engineering, and engineering management specialty in the context of engineering education accreditation.

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    • Research on using information technology to create offline first-class curriculum: take the course of “civil engineering materials” as an example

      KAN Jin, YAN Han-dong, WANG Hai-feng

      In view of the three major problems existing in the teaching of civil engineering materials, such as the lack of class hours, the lack of teaching process management, and the inability to achieve differentiated teaching and personalized learning, information technology is introduced into offline course teaching, to realize online key and difficult points, intelligent classroom teaching, real-time communication after class, and continuous process supervision. It achieves individualized learning and differentiated teaching, and effectively improves learning enthusiasm. The researchers use intelligent teaching tools to carry out teaching activities around pre class, class and after class. It has greatly improved class participation and communication between teachers and students. All aspects of students" learning are tracked and recorded, which has a strong urging effect on students. The research results show that the use of information technology has significantly improved the learning effect. participation in classroom has been significantly improved. students" performance has significantly improved. Quantitative evaluation of students" learning enthusiasm has become a reality, which is of great significance for timely and effective measures to urge students to learn. The use of information technology has realized the student-centered teaching concept and played an extremely important role in the creation of offline first-class courses.

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    • Innovation and practice of PBL method in the teaching of bridge engineering course base on OBE concept

      zhan yulin, Lu siji, Deng kailai, Xu tengfei, Li fuhai, Zhao renda

      With the deepening of educational reform and innovation, in order to promote the deep integration of modern educational technology and teaching, and improve the teaching quality of higher engineering education, according to the new situation of "bridge engineering" teaching, the application of PBL teaching method based on OBE concept in bridge engineering is introduced. As a basic theoretical course for civil engineering, bridge engineering has the characteristics such as wide knowledge, strong practicality and great difficulty et al. Based on the teaching experience and students" feedback, the reform and practice of teaching content of bridge engineering, decomposition of pedagogy , implementation and application of teaching method are carried out. An innovative classroom is built from the three aspects of " taking problems as the main line, teachers as the leading role and students as the main body " and takes the knowledge of bridge accidents and continuous beam bridge construction method as an example to illustrate. Through practical application, it not only inspires students" desire to seek knowledge actively, cultivates students" innovative thinking and team cooperation ability, but also improves students" ability to recognize, analyze and solve problems.

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    • Discussion on Basic Research Ability Training of Graduate Students

      YAN Lewei, LIANG Yingjing, ZHANG Yongshan, WANG Borui

      To improve the basic scientific research ability of the graduate students and ensure the quality of the dissertation, this paper clarifies the connotation and extension of the scientific research ability from the perspective of universities and tutors. The scientific research ability of graduate students includes two aspects, which are subjective aspect and objective aspect. The subjective initiative of graduate student has an important impact on graduate students" achievement level through objective aspect, such as scientific literacy and scientific research methods. Thesis proposal, mid-term examination and thesis are the three key nodes of graduate research. It is an important guarantee for the research level of graduate thesis to effectively complete the work required by these key nodes.

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    • Development of whole process IE+ teaching mode for Engineering Course


      With the rapid development of information technology, Internet+ education has been getting more and more attention. Compared with elementary and high school education, the targeted audience of speciality course is limited due to the diversity of the universities. Therefore, the IE+ in higher education is lagging behind. By analysing existing status of on-line teaching learning and updates of on-line teaching learning from the teachers and students in universities during the epidemic, together with the characteristics of IE+ technology, a whole process teaching mode is proposed based on internet technology. And the whole process teaching mode is based on common internet platform or tools which could easily build a virtual+ real classroom and integrate the on-class and off-class time to improve the teaching effects. The mode has been put in the teaching process of Heating and Cooling Sources and got a good teaching effect.

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    • Exploration on the development of bending experiment teaching of beam based on new materials

      Li Fuhai, Wu Haonan, Wang Jiangshan, Jiang Yilin, Hu Dinghan, Zhan Yulin

      Based on the research project, taking the bending performance of PP-ECC beam as an example, and combined with the experimental teaching of concrete beams in building materials, this paper analyzes the differences of RC beam and PP-ECC beam in crack shape, width, deformation development and bearing capacity, and summarizes and explores the new methods and new ideas of bending experiment of beam structure with new materials.The innovation and reform of beam structure experiment teaching mode, which integrates scientific research, engineering practice and experiment, is put forward. The exploration of this new model is the optimization and supplement of traditional teaching, which can provide ideas for the innovation of experimental teaching in other courses, and is conducive to stimulating students' interest in experiments, cultivating their ability of using software to process experimental data and analyze experimental results, as well as the comprehensive ability of combining theory with engineering application.

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    • Exploration on the improvement of students' participation in teaching under the Professional Engineering Education Accreditation


      In 2018, the National Conference on undergraduate education in New Era has clearly proposed to "strengthen the construction of university quality culture: three-level professional certification to ensure eligibility, upgrade and pursue excellence". Professional Engineering Education Accreditation is an internationally accepted quality assurance system for engineering education, China has became a full member of the Washington agreement in 2016. Under the background of professional Engineering education accreditation, how to grasp the innovative teaching methods and improve students' participation in teaching (in class and after class) is a key issue. This paper analyze the current situation of college students' classroom participation, and used for reference from the University of Minnesota (UM) teaching characteristic, introducing the preparation before class, Effective Student Teams, personal evaluation feedback, and timely test, and combining with Transportation Engineering features in China, explore the method and the way to how to improve students' classroom participation under the Professional engineering education accreditation, so as to improve students' learning efficiency, and strengthen the construction of university quality culture.

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    • A Study on the Construction Model of


      The theoretical essence of "harmony culture" which emphasizes order, harmony but "harmony but different" has great reference function for the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture. As an important carrier of moral education in Colleges and universities, the practice base of moral education shoulders an important mission in the process of talent training in Colleges and universities. This paper intends to focus on the new requirements of the new era to solve the fragmentation and randomization problems of the second classroom practice course, to eliminate the difficulties of insufficient joint efforts and waste of resources in the construction of the practice base of moral education, to explore the construction of the "three one one " mode under the "harmony" perspective, to reconstruct the teaching staff, to start the construction of the database, and to improve the practice base of the second classroom moral education in Colleges and universities through the construction of the innovation platform In order to enhance the scientific and long-term effectiveness of the practice base system.

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    • Research on the Key Factors of the Teaching Mode for Online-blended Learning Courses——Taking Engineering Economics as Example

      Qi Shenjun, Zhan ZhaoXI, Zhang Yong, Mao Maosong

      The key factors of the teaching mode for online-blended learning courses is very important to improve students" online learning ability. Firstly, the study defines the basic characteristics of the blended learning courses, and then proposes the online-blended learning courses, and analyzes the relationship between them; Secondly, based on the teaching practice of online-blended Learning Courses for Engineering Economics and online questionnaire survey for students, the study identify the influencing factors of the teaching mode; Finally, based on the results of questionnaire survey,the key influencing factors of teachers" online teaching, students" online learning and teacher-student interaction are identified. Accordingly, the paper puts forward the strategies to improve the effect of online blended learning courses of Engineering Economics. The research results provide theoretical guidance and practical significance for online blended learning courses based on MOOC or SPOC, and provides a new idea for improvement of blended learning courses and rich practical teaching and learning experience.

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    • Teaching and supervising for part-time master of engineering students in the major of construction in civil engineering (1998-2018)

      Xiao Jianzhuang, Xu Rong, Xi Yonghui, Xu Wei

      It has been 20 years for Tongji University starting the first session of part-time Master in Engineering since September 1998. After these years’ practice, Tongji University held the spirt that "service strategy, docking industry, leading the future development, always for students" in the cultivation of the part-time Master student in the Major of Construction in Civil Engineering, focused on the characteristics of full-time Master of engineering, confronted the difficulties and problems in the process of teaching and supervising, carried out a series of innovation and exploration, gave full play to the radiation and incentive effects of Tongji University culture and the excellent tradition of Civil Engineering in Tongji University, built the long-term cultivation mechanism of "service requirements, accurate docking, collaboration education, double wins". It has achieved good implementation effect and social response, fulfilled the requirements of The Times of writing papers on the motherland, and cultivated a large number of application-oriented, compound high-level engineering technology and engineering management talents for the national construction industry.

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    • Research and practice of railway engineering international education facing


      Around the "the belt and road initiative", the "go globally" development strategy of China Railway (CR) is taken as an opportunity. Focusing on Southeast Asian countries and Africa, the talent training advantages of the two double first-class construction disciplines of Central South University, namely civil engineering and traffic and transportation engineering, are utilized fully, and the railway engineering international education is studied. The international education system of railway engineering is established, the railway international talent education alliance of the “belt and road” is initiated, and the railway engineering education community is built. The cooperation in talent training, scientific research, and cultural exchange among the universities along the route is promoted; the school-enterprise cooperative education between the Central South University and the national government departments and large construction enterprises is promoted; and the international accreditation of CR standard is promoted to promote the spread of Chinese culture taking the talent training as a platform. The main contents of the research results are summarized as "one alliance, two universities, three objects, four mechanisms, and five guarantees".

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    • Research on the mechanism of multi-party cooperative training under the background of new engineering——Take building electricity and intelligence as an example

      XU Xinyin, fubaochuan, WU Zhengtian

      Under the background of the rapid development of artificial intelligence in the new engineering, it puts forward new challenges to the cultivation of undergraduates in the building electricity and intelligence. Taking the major of building electricity and intelligence as an example, this paper analyzes the current situation of the students" training and development of the major and the correspondence between the collaborative theory and the students" training of the major, and applies the collaborative theory to the training of the major. On the basis of multi-party knowledge sharing and interaction, this paper explores the construction of undergraduate training mechanism of building electricity and intelligence specialty from the aspects of collaborative development of training objectives, collaborative development of dynamic adjustable operation mechanism, monitoring system and evaluation system, so as to meet the needs of the society for diversification of building electrical and intelligent professionals.

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    • Discussion on the Way to Cultivate the Practice Ability of the Engineering Postgraduates in Local Universities

      yu xiaoping, Ju Fali, Liu Liying

      In the new era, the cultivation of master of engineering needs to adapt to the talent demand of national innovation and development. The key ability of full-time Master of engineering is engineering practice ability. The construction of engineering practice ability training system is an important measure to ensure the education quality of master of engineering. In view of the current situation of Engineering Master's education in general colleges and universities, this paper analyzes the main reasons for the weakness of engineering ability training through literature review, questionnaire survey and case study. Based on the basic laws of engineering ability composition and engineering master's personnel training, it is suggested that engineering education should be strengthened and integrated with the whole process of engineering education, and engineering guidance should be set up by engineering master's students. This paper analyzes the engineering practice education in the aspects of cultivating engineering system thinking, construction of engineering practice base of production, learning and research, and setting of the course system of undergraduate and postgraduate linkage practice, and puts forward the innovative consciousness and engineering ability training approach of engineering postgraduate to face the industry development and engineering post ability demand. The strategy of engineering practice education put forward in this paper can be used as a reference for the education reform and practice of master of engineering.

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    • The Composition Characteristic of Connotative Development

      liu yu feng, xu wei

      Local colleges and universities are the main body of national higher education, the main undertakers and executors of promoting connotation construction and on a long-term basis, making China a powerful country by building an advanced system of higher education. Connotative development is a kind of development mode which differs from the scale development. Merely from the understanding of the concept, the composition of connotative development should include all the factors that affect the function of the local institutions, consisting of elements with regard to its goal, function, subject, object and governance, as well as the base level and promotion level of the constituent elements, all of which are integrated by knowledge processing. The basic elements of connotative development possess the characteristics of objective existence, knowledge-acquisition process, implicitness and explicitness of behavioral consequence, and input-output complexity. Local colleges and universities should grasp the essence of connotative development accurately with the viewpoint of system, contradiction and appropriate value, highlight their position and function as the subject elements, spot the key problems and main phases, so as to avoid the superficiality, formality, and quantity without quality of the connotation construction, thus improving the constructing effect.

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    • Practice of educational reform of application-oriented construction specialty focusing on the cultivation of practicing ability

      Xu Fuwei, Wang Weiyi, Li Zheng, Chen Haiyu

      Aiming at the problems of how to improve the practicing ability of the practitioners in the construction industry and how to improve the difficulty, challenge and comprehensiveness of the course teaching, this paper discusses the implementation of the teaching reform which is oriented by practicing qualification education and focuses on cultivating practicing ability in the professional education of colleges and universities.Teaching reform based on "public knowledge and ability, professional skills, actual work ability, professional ethics and professional quality" of the professional knowledge and ability required for the main line, build the basis of focus on undergraduate education basic education platform, professional education and industry enterprise entry requirements of the comprehensive practice education platform, the practice of the actual operation ability request education platform, professional ethics and practicing quality requirements of the quality education platform of the course system of "one main siping station".The reconstruction of the curriculum system makes the curriculum setting clearer and the training tasks and objectives undertaken by each platform clearer, which is conducive to improving students" practicing ability.Comprehensive design practice the teaching reform of the project to the knowledge system, comprehensive, difficulty and the challenge has also improved, the teaching process to simulate the whole process of engineering construction, help students better understand the knowledge of engineering design, to improve the practice ability of students, inspire the students" learning enthusiasm, teaching effect is obvious.

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    • Exploration and practice of Ideological and political construction in the course of engineering management frontier

      YUAN JINGFENG, Su Shu, Zhu Lei, Huang Jun