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    Volume 29,2020 Issue 3
      高校“双一流”建设
    • JIANG Shuihua, ZHANG Haolong, YAO Ruizhi

      2020,29(3):1-9, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.001

      "Double first-class" construction is a top-level design of advanced education under the new historical conditions which aims to improve the development level of higher education in China. Mid-western regional universities are an indispensable part of higher education in China. Under the background of "double first-class" construction, there are still many problems in the existing ways of postgraduate education in mid-western regional universities. In order to cultivate more high-level composite talents who can well serve scientific research innovation and regional economic construction, mid-western regional universities should take advantages of "double first-class" construction to promote the reform of postgraduate education in terms of internationalization, team building, resource allocation and innovative curriculum system construction. This paper closely follows the overall situation of colleges and universities in Jiangxi Province, and takes the graduates education in some universities as an example. Problems existing in postgraduate cultivation of mid-western regional universities under the background of "double first-class" construction are summarized. To solve these problems, measures for reforming postgraduate cultivating way and scheme are proposed. The research outcomes can provide references for promoting the cultivation quality of postgraduate students in mid-western regional universities.

    • GAO Yafeng, DING Yong, CHEN Jinhua, LI Nan, XU Shuang, XIAO Yimin

      2020,29(3):10-16, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.002

      Cultivating first-class talents is not only an important connotation of constructing first-class disciplines, but also a vital dimension for evaluating the outcomes of discipline construction under the background of "Double First-Class" construction. Regarding professional degree students, cultivating their innovation and practical abilities is a crucial role for university education under the new era. Taking the major of architectural environment and energy in the School of Civil Engineering of Chongqing University as an example, this paper investigates the multiple training models for professional degree students, which integrate international theoretical teaching mode with innovative practical teaching mode of production, teaching and learning. Also, it explores the construction of international theoretical teaching system and multi-level practice platform, which aims at improving the innovation and hands-on ability of master's degree graduates in built environment and energy.

    • “新工科”建设专题
    • ZHOU Hongfang, DAI Siyuan, ZHU Zhengwei, ZHANG Zhong

      2020,29(3):17-23, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.003

      To cope with the needs and challenges of the fourth industrial revolution, MIT initiates the fourth engineering education transformation (MIT4.0), which can also be called new engineering education transformation (NEET); the Alliance of Excellent Colleges proposes engineering education integration innovation (EEII). Contents of NEET include project centric curricular, diversified teaching, flexibility, ways of thinking, building on the departments' strengths and defining the engineering education of the future. EEII has several parts including the development strategy of China's engineering education facing the fourth industrial revolution, reconstructing the governance system of China's engineering education, the shift of paradigm of engineering education from returning of engineering education to integration and innovation, implementation of engineering talent training mode based on industrial value chain, building a new knowledge system and a curriculum system facing engineering process, construction strategy of quality standard system of engineering talents training, etc. From the perspective of eight elements of engineering education, this study compares the differences and similarities of NEET and EEII. This study finds that MIT realizes its new engineering education by transformative behavior, a connective one.Chniese universities need to innovate on the basis of full integration to achieve the success of engineering education transformation, and to realize "corner overtaking".

    • TAN Zhi, CAO Hongyu

      2020,29(3):24-32, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.004

      How to train first-class electrical and electronic information technology talents for the industry, the world and the future is an urgent task in emerging engineering education in universities in China. It is an effective way to learn from the successful experience of education-developed countries. Information technology personnel training in University of Toronto is characterized by emphasizing on training students' engineering and humanistic literacy, strengthening interdisciplinary integration, enriching students' learning experience, and strengthening the multi-disciplinary collaborative education system. It fully implements the educational concept of student-centered and core competence training, and has important enlightenment for the emerging engineering education and outstanding engineers training.

    • 高等教育国际化研究
    • OU Yongyi

      2020,29(3):33-38, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.005

      According to relevant data from the official websites of the Ministry of Education, the Guangdong Provincial Department of Education, and the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, this paper compares the internationalization of different dimensions between Guangdong and Shanghai in terms of the internationalization policy of higher education, the institutions and projects of Sino-foreign cooperation and cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao, the establishment of Confucius Institutes overseas, and the number of international students and the number of students from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and analyzes the characteristics and gaps in the internationalization of higher education in the two places. The comparison shows that Shanghai is better than Guangdong in terms of policy promotion and scholarship support for foreign students. The number of Chinese-foreign cooperative schools and projects, the number of overseas Confucius Institutes and the number of students coming to China are higher than those in Guangdong. However, Guangdong has more cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao and its number of students from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan is the highest in China due to its proximity to Hong Kong and Macao. In general, the level of internationalization of higher education in Guangdong is lower than that of Shanghai. It should actively learn from Shanghai's excellent experience of internationalization of higher education, take advantage of its position as the largest province in terms of economic aggregate and its neighboring Hong Kong and Macao, and seize the national strategic opportunities of the "Belt and Road" and the "Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay Area" to further promote the internationalization of higher education, and gradually form an internationalization development model of higher education with the characteristics and advantages of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau Bay Area.

    • WU Zhi, FAN Qi

      2020,29(3):39-47, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.006

      The Belt and Road Initiative has provided unprecedented opportunities and challenges for the development of Guangdong higher education internationalization. Based on SWOT analysis, this paper points out the internal and external advantages and disadvantages of the internationalization development of higher education in Guangdong province under the background of the Belt and Road Initiative, and puts forward the following points on the basis of opportunities and challenges. First, strengthen top-level design and clarify the international development goal of higher education; second, increase the government scholarship, optimize the "Belt and Road" scholarship allocation rules; third, enhance the strength of colleges and universities and carry out high-quality Sino-foreign education cooperation; fourth, combining with the characteristics of colleges and universities, develop differentiated talent attraction strategy; fifth, make full use of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area construction to build an international higher education center; sixth, jointly build the vocational education alliance and create the "Belt and Road" characteristic brand.

    • LI Ying, PENG Ying, LI Qian

      2020,29(3):48-59, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.007

      This paper analyses the current situation of Chinese enterprises in the international contractor market from three aspects:business status, business fields and number of enterprises. It is concluded that one of the significant goals of higher education is to cultivate graduates with international vision, familiar with international rules, standards and norms, adaptable to international environment, and having international competitiveness. Comparing with curriculums offered in domestic universities, most of them are designed focusing on knowledge, but lack the cultivation of international vision and intercultural communication ability. This paper presents the model for internationalized talents training based on Byram's theory. The model has four dimensions about knowledge, skills, attitudes, and consciousness. Fuzzy DEMATEL method is used to determine the interrelationship among all 15 factors and the impacts each factor poses on internationalized talents training. The most influential factor is independent thinking ability (1.963), the most passive influential factor is social responsibility consciousness (1.696), the most central factor is decision-making ability (2.981), the biggest reason factor is independent thinking ability (1.114), and the biggest outcome factor is innovation consciousness and ability (-1.452).

    • 专业建设与人才培养
    • GU Xiang, LUO Yingying, DENG Yalan, YANG Yu

      2020,29(3):60-67, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.008

      In the background of the national strategy of the "Belt and Road" and technological innovation, China's construction engineering field has expanded continuously and the industry has developed on a large scale, showing a new trend of industrialization, internationalization and intelligence. The industry has put forward new demands for professionals, and talent cultivation of engineering management needs to be reformed. This paper studies out five dimensions of the current industry's demand for talent quality by using factor analysis, literature research, semi-structured interview and questionnaire survey method, which are personal quality literacy, professional skills, personal career development ability, professional subject knowledge and application, and basic subject knowledge and application. On basis of these results, five key curriculum groups, three teaching platforms and related core training contents are proposed, which provides a reference for the reform and practice of engineering management personnel training.

    • ZHENG Yang, WANG Hailong

      2020,29(3):68-76, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.009

      Under the background of the new era, technological innovation has become the core competitiveness of enterprises, and talents have gradually become the main driving force for enterprises to maintain competitiveness. After analyzing the lack of matching between college education and enterprise employment demand, taking the market as the guidance and combining with the characteristics of the school, this paper explores the connotation of personal training under the mode of school-enterprise cooperation and puts forward a new training mode of graduation design. Some concepts and methods like "actual combat", "one-in and one-out", "centralization and dispersion", "stereoscopic review", and "double tutorial system" are put forward. In view of the problems and challenges encountered in practice, some discussions and suggestions are put forward on the establishment and operation of the long-term mechanism of school-enterprise cooperation.

    • WANG Liping, SHEN Zhihe, LIU Xianghua, HOU Xiaotan

      2020,29(3):77-85, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.010

      The specialized course class hours were greatly reduced in the 2019 edition talent training plan of Hefei University of Technology. Building environment and energy application engineering would be included in the pilot program of civil engineering enrollment and cultivating. Based on this background, this paper discusses the specialty construction and talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering in civil engineering. The specialty characteristics are analyzed in depth, and its role in civil engineering is located accurately. Green energy is identified as professional characteristic, and energy engineer is the talent training goal. Theory teaching and practice teaching should be combined closely in the teaching process, and the curriculum system design focuses on making graduates not only familiar with the organization process of the whole industrial chain of the civil engineering industry, but also proficient in professional technology and management.

    • HAN Huiran, YANG Chengfeng, YAO Jingyan

      2020,29(3):86-93, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.011

      The development of information technology has brought profound changes to data collection, research methods, planning and design, and urban and rural planning has entered the era of big data. Big data has promoted the analysis of urban problems, scientific and accurate urban space management, and has carried out method innovation in many aspects, such as regional planning, urban overall planning, urban detailed planning and design, which determines the rationality of planning results. Taking the urban and rural planning major in Anhui Normal University as an example, on the basis of analyzing the influence of big data on urban and rural planning specialty, this paper analyzes the existing problems in the existing curriculum system from the aspects of professional foundation, technical means and discipline integration, and then puts forward the idea of reform of curriculum system of urban and rural planning specialty in universities from the aspects of interdisciplinary, data digging, regional characteristics and professional evaluation. Finally, the measures of curriculum system reform are put forward through the adjustment of the curriculum and the addition of big data related courses, in order to provide corresponding reference for urban and rural planning curriculum system reform in other universities.

    • LI Jiujun

      2020,29(3):94-102, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.012

      Innovation ability is the superposition and coupling of management ability, professional ability, and development ability, and it is an ecosystem formed by the organic combination of overall functions. Taking the talent cultivation practice of Architecture Class 132 of Nanchang University as a case, this paper discusses the strategy and effect of innovation ability training from the perspective of the field and believes that the management ability field emphasizes the training of undergraduate class tutor system and critical thinking. General education and theoretical practice learning are important components of the professional ability field, while the discipline competitions and research training programs and innovation entrepreneurship training programs are the propellers for development ability field. The results show that the strategy is centered on students and integrates scientific research into the classroom, tested in practice, which is conducive to cultivating students' critical thinking and innovative ability. In order to improve the training strategy of innovation ability, it is believed that multiple perspectives should be implanted to break the solidification and authoritative situation of existing knowledge; vision of dynamic development should be adhered to so as to respond to the globalization of knowledge under the new information age; an inclusive support environment should be created as institutional guarantees for college student innovative ability cultivating.

    • 专业学位与研究生教育
    • ZHANG Yuxin, WANG Yi, DONG Fan, LI Mei

      2020,29(3):103-107, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.013

      With the implementation of the Outline of the National Innovation-Driven Development Strategy, how to train high-quality versatile talents in recent years has become an urgent issue for Chinese higher education. Postgraduate education, as the highest level of higher education, plays a crucial role in national talent training, and cooperative teaching has emerged as the times require. This paper first analyzes the theoretical and practical reality of inter-school joint training. Under the introduction of traditional joint training modes, a unique new mode of joint training is proposed, that is, joint training of postgraduate students based on space-time span, which focuses on the introduction from the undergraduate to postgraduate stage, taking into account the problem of "university ease" and the imbalance of resources between universities. The dual role of "undergraduate" to "postgraduate" and "postgraduate" to "postgraduate" emphasizes the growth of students under the transfer of time and space. In addition, further thoughts are made on the status quo in inter-school cooperation.

    • YIN Shiping, LIU Shuang, WANG Fei, LV Henglin

      2020,29(3):108-114, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.014

      Under the background of unpredictable globalization, the vigorous development of professional degree postgraduate education has adapted to the development demands of the information era. and has a positive effect on national economic construction and social According to the relevant policy introduced in recent years, the state's recognition of professional degree postgraduate education has been increasing. The paper summarized the development results of professional degree postgraduate education according to the general situation of it in China. Some problems existing in the current professional degree graduate education in China was analyzed and corresponding suggestions were given.

    • 课程建设与教学改革
    • WANG Fang, WANG Haiyan, WANG Yanling, WANG Zhaojun

      2020,29(3):115-119, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.015

      The way of curriculum assessment is closely related to the quality of teaching, and assessment mode can affect graduates' learning style. This paper puts forward the goal and orientation of graduate teaching and learning, explores the application of multiple complementary teaching model and supplemented multiple assessment, in order to promote the truly implementation of multiple complementary "teaching" and "learning" modes and test their effects. Taking the course of building energy efficiency technology as an example, it is a beneficial practice for the teaching reform of engineering graduate education, to highlight the changes of teachers' teaching methods and students' learning style, to fully implement diversified assessment, to promote the development of students' multiple intelligences, to pay attention to the cultivation of thinking habits, to improve their autonomous learning and innovation ability, and to help graduate students to clear their development direction and establish long-term goals.

    • REN Lingling, DONG Yuan, LIANG Sen'ao

      2020,29(3):120-127, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.016

      The course of seismic design of engineering is a core course of civil engineering. By analyzing the characteristics and problems in the course teaching, and by a questionnaire survey of students, we can deeply understand the students' mastery of this course and explore the teaching reform of the course combing with its actual situation. Subject modular teaching is adopted to clarify the learning topics of each module, and the knowledge points of different modules are explained in detail to promote the rapid and high-quality absorption of students. With the help of modern new teaching methods, online and offline learning is carried out, the contents of other professional courses are infiltrated, and the latest norms are integrated. At the same time, engineering cases allow students to understand the importance of seismic design, and combination of theory with practice is emphasized, classic cases are analyzed, deeply researched and connected with textbook knowledge, to diverge students' thinking. It provides students with multi-angle knowledge vision and uses BIM numerical simulation to teach. Through students' participating in the national college student structure design competition, combining with seismic knowledge points, students can master the knowledge of basic theory and understand the latest frontier technology and related theories of the earthquake-resistant industry. Students have a strong interest in learning, answer questions and discuss actively in class, so that they can deeply understand the knowledge points of each chapter and the teaching effect is good, and it can provide certain references for application-oriented undergraduate colleges.

    • LI Yanlong, DU Shuting

      2020,29(3):128-135, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.017

      Application-oriented curriculum construction is the key to the talent training of application-oriented university. Outcome based education (OBE) revolves the definition of expected learning goals, the realization of expected learning goals, and the evaluation of learning outcomes, which is conducive to the fundamental transformation of educational paradigm from content-based to student-oriented. Firstly, from the three aspects of teaching content, teaching methods and curriculum evaluation, points out the problems that need to be reformed in the basic engineering curriculum. Secondly, based on the OBE concept, the teaching content was reconstructed, and the reform measures of engineering application-oriented teaching methods and the curriculum evaluation system with the dual effects of knowledge assessment and ability assessment were put forward. Furthermore, a feedback and continuous improvement mechanism included course performance evaluation, student satisfaction survey and third-party evaluation was established. Finally, the measures to improve teachers' practical abilities and the compilation of applied teaching materials were introduced.

    • LU Zheng, LIN Jiali

      2020,29(3):136-144, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.018

      Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, colleges and universities have continuously innovated the ideological and political education of college students and created a new stage in the development of China's higher education. However, how to practice Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into textbooks, classrooms and minds, and effectively promote the integration of professional education and ideological and political education, is the focus and difficulty of the current ideological and political education research in colleges and universities. By excavating the moral education elements contained in civil engineering, taking Tongji University ideological and political education teaching reform pilot course-construction engineering laws as an example, this paper studies the construction path of curriculum-based ideological and political education in civil engineering and puts forward suggestions for further exploring the reform of ideological and political education construction in civil engineering:firstly, combining with course characteristics, focusing on the reform of teaching mode and the innovation of teaching methods, and concretizing the content of ideological and political education; secondly, emphasizing implicit education and giving full play to teachers' value leading role of affecting students spontaneously and silently; thirdly, improving students' self-knowledge and cultivating their consciousness of studying politics consciously.

    • KONG Gangqiang, LIU Hanlong, SHEN Yang, WEN Lei, MIN Fanlu

      2020,29(3):145-151, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.019

      Subgrade engineering course design is one of the most important compulsory courses for undergraduate majors, such as, transportation engineering and civil engineering, etc. The teaching status and the main problems of the subgrade engineering course design in Hohai University are pointed out. Based on the scientific research resources of the Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Geomechanics and Embankment Engineering and the first batch of national key disciplines of geotechnical engineering, the course teaching plan on "scientific research-experiment-teaching-engineering" is developed, and the practical teaching mode of subgrade engineering course design is refined. The specific and detailed methods of subgrade engineering course design in practice teaching are preliminarily explored. The objectives of this research are to improve the cognition and understanding of subgrade engineering for students in related majors, and further to improve their professional comprehensive skills and innovation ability.

    • 实践教学与创新教育
    • YANG Lili, WU Huayu

      2020,29(3):152-158, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.020

      At the dawn of the age of popularization of higher education, practical teaching is faced with new opportunities and challenges. Under this background and Focusing on the teaching reform of architecture specialty model making course in Chongqing University, this study discusses the reform ways of practical teaching of architectural education in universities. As one of the traditional skills trainings of architecture major education, model experiment can help students experience the concept of space and the characteristics of construction materials. On the one hand, it strengthens students' practical ability, on the other hand, it stimulates students' innovative thinking. However, the traditional experimental teaching mode is not updated in time, which makes model experimental teaching nearly lose its original position in architecture courses, even more difficult to adapt to the new development requirements. Thus this paper puts forward some specific reform schemes, such as "utilizing advantages and practicing internal skills" and "drawing support from external forces and stimulating innovation", which can provide reference for other universities in practical teaching reform of design majors.

    • WU Qiaoyun, LI Renzhi

      2020,29(3):159-167, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.021

      From the current situation of Civil Engineering Experimental Teaching Center of Wuhan Institute of Technology, taking the idea of civil engineering professional assessment (certification) as the guideline, analyzing the problems that exist in the experimental system at present, according to the requirements of the current situation of higher education training in China and civil engineering professional assessment (certification), the experimental teaching system is comprehensively demonstrated from various aspects such as the teaching management system and the experimental system. Then the solutions of referred problems are proposed which aim at developing comprehensive and innovative talents for the society. At the same time, under the existing experimental teaching system, combined with the development of civil engineering disciplines, the construction plan of the "one subject, three virtual imitations" future virtual and real combining teaching system is proposed. From personal training program, teaching system reform, and development of civil engineering, this paper elaborates on the far-reaching significance of the experimental teaching system, shows the basic framework of the "one subject, three virtual imitations" experimental system and provides several references and suggestions for others to construct experimental teaching center.

    • ZHANG Tiejian, ZHANG Liyong, GUO Hua, REN Yilei, LIU Junliang

      2020,29(3):168-174, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.022

      Based on the analysis of the specific requirements for enterprise practice and the main problems existing in the current enterprise practice teaching under the background of emerging engineering education and first-class undergraduate education construction, this study takes the specialty of water supply and drainage science and engineering of Hebei Agricultural University as an example to construct the "12345" enterprise practice system of civil engineering specialty in local colleges and universities. The study analyzes and summarizes the specific requirements and implementation methods of "one core, two types of subjects, three levels, four modes and five-element management" for the establishment of high-level talents training system of first-class applied undergraduate education.

    • CAO Yonghong, ZHANG Naiyuan, CAO Hui

      2020,29(3):175-180, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.023

      Flipped classroom has been a hot means in teaching activities of universities in the recent years. Its utilization, however, is obstructed to some degree since both the teachers and the students have to spend much more time than that in traditional classroom. Based on identity orientation, the teaching scheme of project management is redesigned, and the teaching reform practice is carried out by using a new teaching procedure similar to flipped classroom, so as to provide reference for the teaching reform of civil engineering.

    • 高校管理与思政教育
    • SHI Shiying, YE Xiaosu, HU Mingming

      2020,29(3):181-189, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.024

      The results of teaching reform depend on university teachers' cognition, attitude and behavior. Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, the structural equation model is used to explore university teachers' willingness of teaching reform. The findings are that:some factors (i.e. attitude, perceived behavioral control, professional identity and subjective norms) have positive effect on the intention but the impact is decreasing successively; professional identity can not only influence on behavior intention directly, but also impact on the intention indirectly through attitude, and the mediating effect is significant; attitude and subjective norms have different effects on behavior intention among some groups. Reasons are discussed and suggestions are provided based on these research findings.

    • CHEN Shiguang, SUN Hongwei, SUI Aihua, CHEN Qiuli, LV Jiangen, LIU Xiaohai

      2020,29(3):190-201, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.03.025

      It is difficult to reflect the internal differences of different majors by the statistical caliber of employment rate. The micro-structure of employment distribution is an intuitive reflection of the integration of supply and demand of graduates. Employment data of undergraduates majoring in water supply and drainage science and engineering in Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering from 2011 to 2018 were selected as samples to classify and count the total employment rate, geographical distribution, starting salary range, unit properties, occupation type, industry category and professional correlation, to analyze the changing trend from 2011 to 2018, and to compare with the same indicators in the nationwide and province wide. The results show that the overall employment situation maintain a good momentum in recent years, the employment rate of water supply and drainage science and engineering graduates of Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering exceed 94% each year and over 73% graduates are engaged in professional counterpart work. However, there are also structural weaknesses. In the future talent training reform, it is necessary to rely on the main channel of professional education, optimize the practical teaching system, bring in knowledge components related to agriculture and integrate innovation and entrepreneurship education.

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    • Exploration on the Teaching Model of Urban and Rural Safety and Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Planning under the Territorial Space Planning System

      wang wei

      With the development of the national space planning system, the new requirements have been imposed on the education and teaching of urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning. Based on the current status of the construction and development of the urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning specialty in China, we comprehensively analyze the characteristics of the current urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning specialty and the impact of land and space planning on urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning, and explore the teaching objectives, content and form of the curriculum for urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and reduction majors in the context of the reform of the territorial space planning system, break the original planning teaching thinking mode, and establish a teaching framework that is suitable for the requirements of the territorial space planning system in the new era. These studies can make efforts to train new types of professionals in urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning.

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    • Exploration on the wisdom teaching reform of tunnel engineering course under the construction of emerging engineering and double tops education

      DUAN Shuqian, SHI Gang, YAN Changbin, XIONG Jiecheng

      Wisdom teaching reform led by the appropriate application of teaching wisdom, has gradually become a key measure to realize and deepen the reform of higher engineering education under the strategy of emerging engineering and double tops education. As for tunnel engineering, a comprehensive, theoretical, interdisciplinary and practical core curriculum of civil engineering, the traditional teaching concepts, models and curriculum content can no longer meet the demand for high-level innovative engineering talents in urban rail transit, resource development engineering and the Belt and Road construction. The current teaching status and the existing problems of tunnel engineering course are systemically elaborated first, and then a creative wisdom teaching reform method is proposed. The student-oriented method fully integrates teaching ability intelligent upgrading, teaching content intelligent updating, multidimensional teaching mode and learning-oriented intelligent autonomy, taking discipline education as the criterion. Good practice indicates that the method could be a beneficial exploration of wisdom teaching reform and can effectively promote both wisdom teaching and learning of tunnel engineering course, making it possible for teaching from single knowledge to multiple wisdom.

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    • Development of Virtual Experimental Teaching Platform for Mechanical Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Members

      song xiao bin, zhang wei ping, Huang Qinghua, Ren Xiaodan, Zhu Peng, Chen Bao

      In response to the Ministry of Education's call to further promote the deep integration of information technology and experimental teaching of higher education, and to continuously strengthen the development and application of high-quality resources for experimental teaching in higher education, and to substantially improve the quality of experimental teaching and practice of talent education in higher education, the College of Civil Engineering of Tongji University, supported by the platform of the Civil Engineering Experimental Teaching Center of the National Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center, has developed a virtual experimental teaching platform for the mechanical behavior of reinforced concrete members. The platform focuses on the entire testing process of concrete members, including experimental design, specimen preparation, loading, measuring and data analysis, combined with the undergraduate course " Basic principles of Concrete Structures" as to achieve a mutual supplement between virtual and physical testing. It is expected that the physical experiments can be then complemented, expanded and improved. Meanwhile, the platform guides students, via intelligent guidance and assistance, to expand the application, prediction and verification of theoretical knowledge and to stimulate students’ interest in further exploring.

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    • Constructing a curriculum ecosystem of graduate students' international academic communication ability: Taking the curriculum system of related ability training of a western research-based university as an example

      Zhang Yu Xin, Li Xiaohui, Zhang Caizhi, Li Mei

      With the increasingly frequent international academic exchanges, it is more and more important to improve the international academic exchanges of postgraduates. The three courses of "professional foreign language", "scientific paper writing" and "graduate academic English" can improve the international communication ability of graduate students to different degrees, but these three courses do not form a joint force and fail to achieve the best effect of education. This paper makes a comparative study of the three courses from the aspects of teaching content design, teachers' background, postgraduate tutors and postgraduate after-class feedback, and explores a way to improve the international academic communication ability of postgraduate students.

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    • E-SPOC engineering talent teaching mode based on “Ability Tree”

      LIU Ai-fang, DU Bin-bin, REN Xiao-yu

      With the rapid development of Internet technology, information technology and engineering education are deeply integrated. In order to meet the training needs of engineering talents, this thesis analyzes the ability structure of engineering talents, and constructs the "ability tree" of engineering talents meeting to the graduation requirements of engineering education, and develops Engineering Education-Small Private Online Course (E-SPOC) engineering talent teaching mode based on "ability tree" docking classroom education and continuing education with information technology, carry out basic theoretical research of teaching mode, and discusses the application of E-SPOC engineering talents teaching mode in engineering education teaching and ability training from the aspects of teaching content, teaching process organization and teaching evaluation mode, and according to the "ability tree" to explore the implementation path of E-SPOC engineering talent teaching mode.

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    • Research on local colleges characteristic governance under the perspective of inheriting regional culture

      FANG Qian-Sheng, PAN He-Ping

      Local colleges have long been under the influence of regional culture, it is the foundation of the characteristic development of local colleges. The paper explore the main problems existing in the process of characteristic running, analyzes the main influence of regional characteristic culture. It is based on ecological niche theory, research local colleges how to be absorbed regional cultural elements in the process of cultivate distinctive talents,and improve the quality of education through inheriting regional culture. Local colleges should renew the concept of talent training, reconstruct the characteristic curriculum system, expand the way of characteristic education, build the characteristic education platform, implement the characteristic education model.

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    • Research on the optimization of training program of Civil Engineering Specialty under the background of "excellence program" 2.0

      jiangfei, yangqianqian

      In order to meet the challenge of the fourth industrial revolution, China has implemented "excellence program" 2.0, and continuously promoted the development of engineering education. As a traditional advantage engineering specialty, civil engineering needs to take the initiative to connect with "excellence program" 2.0 to realize the upgrading and transformation of traditional specialty. The talent training program reflects the goal of running a school, the specification of talent training and the curriculum system, which is in the top-level design important position in the process of talent training. This paper makes a comparative analysis of the talent training programs of eight universities, including Changsha University of science and technology, South China University of technology, Xi'an University of architecture and technology, with the guidance of industry standards and clear positioning of talent training objectives; with the guidance of "big engineering concept", it enriches the form of interdisciplinary integration; introduces foreign high-quality education resources, explores the way of international talent training; and strengthens practical teaching, We will expand ways and means of cooperation between schools and enterprises to optimize personnel training programs.

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    • Research on the Cultivation Mode of Mechanical Engineering Talentsfor Intelligent Manufacturing

      RAN Yan, ZHANG Ding Fei, LI Cong Bo, TANG Bao Ping, XIAO Gui Jian

      Intelligent manufacturing is the main trend in manufacturing today, and talent is the primary resource. Colleges and universities, as the export destinations of a large number of talents, face huge challenges. Aiming at the problem of engineering application ability cultivation of domestic college mechanical engineering students, this paper proposes new requirements for the talents of mechanical engineering professionals in the context of intelligent manufacturing based on the training objectives and the needs analysis of the corporate society. Based on the analysis of the status quo of the training of mechanical engineering professionals in some local undergraduate colleges, a new multidisciplinary cross-integration training model suitable for mechanical engineering professionals is proposed, and the teaching implementation under the new multi-disciplinary cross-fusion training model is discussed Compared with the traditional interdisciplinary teaching program, the program has obvious universality. Provides reference suggestions for cultivating high-quality intelligent manufacturing application talents that meet the requirements of enterprises.

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    • New Challenges and Teaching Reforms of the National Virtual Simulation Experimental Teaching Center under the Emerging Engineering Education Background

      WU Chen, MA Sheng-lan, ZHAN Jin-wu, WANG-Zhanliang

      The national virtual simulation experimental teaching center is the product of the in-depth integration of disciplines and information technology, and it is also the development direction of experimental teaching. From the perspective of global industrial development, Chinese new economic development, and the transformation of engineering education paradigm, it is responsible for the national virtual simulation experiment teaching center to promote “intelligence + education” educational productivity. The new challenges currently facing the center and the preliminary reform exploration in Fujian University of Technology are introduced. Finally, some suggestions are given for the continuous construction of the national virtual simulation experimental teaching center.

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    • Exploration of case project teaching method of building structure seismic course

      ZHENG Xiao-fen, LI Kai-yang

      Seismic design of building structures is a strongly comprehensive professional course of the structural engineering division which covers disciplines such as steel and concrete structures, structural mechanics, geology, and seismic engineering. Compared to other professional courses with rather singular knowledge systems, this course requires much more for the integrity of a student's knowledge. The article focuses on the case project teaching approach, explaining why the method was proposed, its characteristics, and its specific requirements. It also provides some advice about the application of this new approach on actual courses. We sincerely hope that this article can be of help in the widespread application of the case project teaching approach.

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    • BIM design competition for college students under the background of new engineering The influence of engineer's ability training

      niyanling, panshuang, lvda, tuchunxing

      Abstract: since the promotion of new science and engineering construction, the education management system of engineering students has been comprehensively improved, more and more attention has been paid to the cultivation of engineers, and the training methods of engineers are becoming more and more perfect and diversified. The organization of large-scale college students' competition has also become a means of engineers' ability training. However, in terms of the current situation of civil and Engineering Management College Students' competition, the competition between At this stage, the education system is not suitable. Based on the experience of professional competition, this paper explores the influence of BIM design competition on the ability training of College Students' engineers, analyzes the main problems in the ability training of College Students' engineers, and puts forward corresponding solutions to the school and society.

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    • Architectural History and Heritage + Design Education of Faculty of Architecture and Built Environment of Delft University of Technology

      Chen Dan

      Renewal /reuse of buildings (built environment) has become a very important and common work in the contemporary architectural designing/urban planning spheres. The transformation from new building to reusing and from protection to revitalization also puts forward new requirements for current architectural education. Department Architecture and Built Environment (BK) of Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands has made a long-term exploration through reforming the history courses and embedding heritage value oriented architectural design minors, etc., and has accumulated mature and edge-cutting experiences: integrating theoretical history education and designing education by regarding design as the goal of history education, while taking heritage value evaluation as the guide and judgment standards of designing, to cultivate the capabilities of students to do designing / planning in the historical and socio-cultural context. The course contents, teaching characteristics and specific processes are fully analyzed in this paper to provide a reference for the innovation of domestic (architectural) education.

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    • The Built Heritage Protection Dimension of Basic Design Teaching

      SA Ying, WANG Xiaoyun, LI Zhiying, LONG Ye

      The rapid development and progress of information technology, it has affected the spatial composition of cities and buildings, and has penetrated into and integrated into urban planning, urban design and architectural design. In this paper, it is focus on the idea of architectural heritage protection in basic design teaching. Meanwhile,it includes three aspects of teaching analysis, teaching construction, research and teaching. The purpose is the foundation for the protection of the engineering science from the course of the basic design of the undergraduate.

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    • Comparison of Calculation Methods of Curriculum Weight Coefficient Based on Engineering Certification Standard

      Yang Wansheng, Liu Lin, Gao Yunfei, Wang Zhangyuan, Yan Biao, Wang Xiaoxia, Zheng Ruiyun

      Construction environment and energy application engineering is a major with strong engineering applicability, which mainly trains students to be able to engage in industrial and civil construction environment control and energy supply. According to the requirements of engineering certification, the graduation requirements of construction environment major control index points each factor should be calculated according to the training objectives and Curriculum system. At present, due to the short time of engineering certification in our country, professional teachers still lack the knowledge, understanding and grasp of the calculation method of relevant weight coefficient, which is not conducive to the development of teaching under the goal of professional engineering certification, and does not meet the professional development requirements of engineering certification. On the basis of engineering certification standard, this paper analyzes the relationship between graduation requirement index points and supporting courses of Jianhuan major. By using AHP, the judgment matrix of index points and supporting courses is established, and the weight coefficients of each index point factor are calculated and analyzed, and the weight coefficients of different index points of graduation requirement are obtained At the same time, the weight coefficient obtained by AHP is compared with that obtained by credit method, and the advantages and disadvantages of each calculation method are pointed out, in order to promote the engineering certification of construction and environmental protection specialty.the construction environment and energy application engineering is a major with strong engineering applicability, which aims to train students to be able to engage in industrial and civil construction environment control and energy supply. According to the requirements of engineering certification, the graduation requirements of the construction environment major should control all factors of the index points according to the training objectives and curriculum system to calculate the weight coefficient. At present, due to the short time of engineering certification in our country, professional teachers still lack the knowledge, understanding and grasp of the calculation method of relevant weight coefficient, which is not conducive to the development of teaching under the goal of professional engineering certification, and does not meet the professional development requirements of engineering certification. Based on the engineering certification standard, this paper analyzes the graduation requirements index points and their factors of the major of constructi030.03.662on and environment, establishes the judgment matrix by using the analytic hierarchy process, and calculates and analyzes the weight coefficients of the factors of each index point, and obtains the weight coefficients of different index points of graduation requirements The calculation results are analyzed and discussed in order to promote the engineering certification of the construction and environmental protection specialty.

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    • Exploration on civil engineering material course reformation according to the standard of “golden course”

      LI Hongying

      Under background of reconstruction of the military college system and systematic course reformation of the army college, according to the standard of "golden course", This paper explores and studies the course reform of civil engineering material. The main problems existing in civil engineering materials courses are analyzed , such as the lack of accurate docking of talent training objectives, the lack of optimization and reconstruction of teaching content system, and the lack of integration and innovation of teaching methods. Ideas and principles of civil engineering material course reform are established, the teaching goals of starting point to meet post capacity and the potential capacity for long-term development are established, the reverse transformation path is designed, the basic teaching design principles of course are the principle of subjectivity by students" effective participation and the basic principle of learning content optimization. Measures including course structure, teaching content, teaching method, practice platform, examination method, innovation competition, etc.are put forward to promote the course reformation , to eliminate "water course" and create "golden course".

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    • Exploration and practice of personnel training in urban underground space engineering by university enterprise cooperation

      Yuwei Zhang

      The development and utilization of underground space is the key development direction of the country in the future. Urban underground space engineering is a new subject which combines theory and practice closely. At present, the talent cultivation of various schools is still in the initial stage of exploration, which is out of line with the talent demand of enterprises. Combined with the urban underground space project of Xi'an University of architecture and technology, this paper puts forward some measures such as setting up Research Institute, laboratory, practice base and network platform by combining school and enterprise, establishing talent incubation pool by using the teaching resources and enterprise engineering practice of colleges and universities, giving full play to the respective advantages of colleges and enterprises, and putting forward the school enterprise cooperation training model from the perspective of talent training and enterprise development needs In this way, the school students can enter the practice base to improve the engineering practice ability, and the enterprise employees can supplement the theoretical knowledge through the network platform, so as to realize the win-win goal of the school and enterprise personnel training. This paper analyzes the feasibility of school enterprise cooperative training mode from the perspective of universities and enterprises, and discusses the significance of school enterprise cooperative training mode to universities and enterprises. The results show that the school enterprise cooperative training mode is of great significance to the teaching reform and the long-term development of enterprises.

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    • Research on flipped classroom teaching mode of《digital architecture design I》 from the perspective of mobile Internet

      Huang Li

      In the era of digital economy, students can learn online autonomously through the amount of learning resources on the Internet in their spare time. In class, teachers and students can learn offline through questioning and discussion. The combination of online and offline learning in different ways will constitute the most efficient learning method at this stage. The course of 《digital architecture design I 》attempts to take the design, discussion and practice of a series of experimental project cases as the main line of teaching process, and use mobile app, course wechat learning group and "rain class", "enterprise wechat", "Tencent class" and "Tencent conference" and other real-time online interactive technologies based on mobile Internet to build online and offline deep integration flipped course Classroom teaching mode. This paper attempts to build an active learning mode of thinking in practice and asking questions in practice with students as the center, so as to cultivate the technical talents who are good at asking questions and thinking, good at digital design conception, understanding the implementation steps of the project, familiar with the operation process of the project, and have the ability of innovation and hands-on practice.

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    • Bridge and architecture interdisciplinary construction and innovative engineering talent cultivation

      xu Li-ping, Zhang Jian-long, Xiao Ru-cheng

      Considering the new demand of bridge aesthetic art in urban construction at home and abroad, it is difficult to copy or directly use the existing relevant courses between architectural structure, architecture and architectural aesthetics, because of the particular relationship between bridge structure and form. Bridge and architecture interdisciplinary emerges as the time requires. The curriculum construction includes the compilation of teaching materials, the reform of teaching syllabus and personnel training mode, among which the teaching material development is the core and the leader.The theory and aesthetic creation of urban bridge architecture is based on the theory and engineering technology of bridge structure, the theoretical system and technical route of architecture, the research object of bridge structure technology, function and shape and their internal relationship, and the interdisciplinary subject of theory and creation of urban bridge, comprehensive technology and art.By elaborately arranging the syllabus, teaching contents, teaching methods and assessment methods of undergraduate and graduate courses, Tongji University has successively set up the interdisciplinary elective courses of graduate major and undergraduate excellent general courses, realizing the connection of undergraduate and graduate courses, and the connection of interdisciplinary and the two colleges' own major courses.The reform of curriculum construction and training mode will promote the engineering design from pure technical thinking of bridge structure to the comprehensive thinking and creation of bridge technology and art. The goal is to systematically cultivate the technical creativity and aesthetic creative quality of students majoring in bridge structure and architecture and urban planning.

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    • Application of virtual reality in architectural space cognition

      GUAN Hui-qing, XU Jing-feng, GONG Cheng-jin, GAO Lu

      Virtual reality technology in such aspects as spatial cognition and design thinking training has unique advantages, and spatial cognition is an important index of the basic education of architecture. At present, the application cases of virtual reality technology in architectural design education mainly focus on the description of teaching process and decomposition of technical process, while the evaluation of teaching results still needs further practice and verification. This paper expounds the basic definition, form and evaluation factors of space cognitive. It also takes the virtual reality technology as part of an Architectural Essentials teaching reform course, to extract the space scale cognitive factors of spatial cognitive ability, in the form of a questionnaire for junior student of spatial cognition ability to improve conditions for quantitative analysis. The experimental results showed that after the intervention of virtual reality in the teaching process, students" cognitive ability of building spatial scale increased by 11.2 percent to 68.7 percent, while the understanding of the windowing scale showed limitations. In addition, students who have been taught by virtual reality pay more attention to the sense of experience, indicating that the way of spatial thinking is influenced by teaching methods, and virtual reality makes the relationship between visual representation and spatial thinking more close.

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    • Competency of guiding?teachers of technology competitions for Chinese college students toward global engineering education accreditation

      zhangqi, dingxin, wangqiuping

      Engineering education accreditation is considered fundamental reforming orientation to the institutional constructions of talent cultivation for engineering majors, while technology competitions for college students are also considered important approaches to achieve the educational objectives and graduation demands by engineering education accreditation. On the understanding that guidance to technology competitions is dealt with in the light of 3 core ideas of engineering education accreditation, including student-centered, comprehensive ability outcome-based and continuous improvement, the structural equation model (SEM) of the competency of guiding?teachers is established with competency concepts and principles. Moreover, assumptions of SEM model are proved and formation mechanisms of the competency of guiding?teachers are analyzed through a case study of NACtrans. It is suggested that the competency of guiding?teachers is consisted of 3 dimensions, including topic selecting, works producing and team managing. While there are 10 characteristic vectors related to the 3 dimensions and 5 of them have more obvious direct influence on these dimensions according to SEM of NACtrans case. The hierarchical differentiation of colleges is the main reason for topic selecting performances of their guiding?teachers through indirect interference of intermediate variable in SEM of NACtrans case, as well as regional differentiation of colleges for works producing performances. Countermeasures to improve the competency continuously can be raised by both effects achieving in the short time and connotation constructing in the long run discussed above.

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    • Perception and practiceAnalysis on the new mode of undergraduate education of architecture in local universities

      XU Jian-he, YAN jun, OUYANG-guohui, HE chuan

      Based on the background of the new engineering, combined with the social demand of new technology and new business form for architectural professionals, through the understanding and training of the concept of Education to build a local university characteristics and reflect the characteristics of the times of strong practical ability of the undergraduate education system of architecture, aiming at innovative consciousness and practical ability, this paper explores the mode and overall reform scheme of undergraduate talents cultivation of architecture specialty in local universities, and constructs a cooperative cultivation system and curriculum system oriented by the goal of strengthening design and practical ability, combining with the current situation of local colleges and universities, we strive to achieve the goal of training talents of compound and applied architecture for local economic construction.

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    • The dilemma and countermeasures of the construction of grassroots party organizations in major emergent public crisis events

      JIANG YANCHUAN, Zhang Yan, Yang Li-hua

      Major emergencies in public crises are closely related and closely connected with the construction of the grassroots organizations of the Communist Party of China. With the development of network information, the current major public emergencies are greater than any challenge to the social order. The grass-roots organizations of the Communist Party of China, as the main body involved in the handling of the incident, should adapt to the new challenges and continuously improve the organization in the face of new challenges. Construction level. In the process of responding to major emergencies, it is necessary to take precautions and make emergency contingency plans; strengthen the foundation and strengthen the credibility of grassroots party organizations; dare to act and play the role of the vanguard of the party members; take a two-pronged approach and pay attention to both spiritual and material security. In practice, the ability of grassroots party organizations will be improved to win victory in the handling of major public emergencies.

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    • Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation of Major Training Objectivein Higher Engineering Education Based on Multi-subject and Multi-factor

      WU Chen, WANG Zhan-liang, MA Sheng-lan

      In higher engineering education of China, the rationality evaluation of training objectives provides the foundation for objectives revision, and the achievement evaluation is an important basis for the continuous improvement in teaching. However, the current evaluation method is usually abstract and macroscopic, which affects the evaluation effectiveness. Under the background of emerging engineering education and big data, a new evaluation system based on multi-subject multi-factor is proposed for basic data collection. The fuzzy mathematic theory is adopted to evaluate comprehensively the rationality and achievement of major training objectives, which lays a foundation for the continuous improvement based on the concept of outcome -based education.

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    • Research on the "3+1+1" education model of college-enterprise cooperative in the viewpoint of integration between production and education for urban and rural planning

      WANG Baojun, JIANG Yun, PANG Bo, XIA Hongjia, TAO Chunhui

      The nation clearly considered integration between production and education as the major steps of the reform and development of higher education. In this context, for the problems of college-enterprise cooperation in urban and rural planning major from application-oriented institutions, this paper puts forward the college-enterprise cooperation of urban and rural planning Multinity Integration including teachers, students, enterprises, local governments, vocational training institutions in the perspective of integration between production and education. Depending on central platform of integration between production and education, the research built up cooperative education environment, optimizing the curriculum system and practical teaching system by revising the program of cultivating talents with college and enterprise cooperation, optimizing and innovating the “4+1” in urban and rural planning college-enterprise cooperative talents cultivating model, finally building up the talents cultivating model of integration between production and education of “3+1+1” in urban and rural planning and college-enterprise cooperation.

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    • Research on the Construction of High-level Universities with Industrial Characteristics in Jiangxi Province——Taking "East China Jiaotong University" as an Example

      Wang Yong-xiang, Wu Tao

      The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" for the development of education in Jiangxi Province states that it would arrange financial funds to build a number of high-level universities with special characteristics. In order to clarified the way and direction of the construction of high-level universities with industry characteristics in Jiangxi Province, taking East China Jiaotong University as an example, five universities with the characteristics of rail transit were selected as the reference samples for the study. By obtaining actual official data, the correlation coefficient analysis method was used to The core competitiveness of the research sample was analyzed and compared. The results show that the core competitiveness of East China Jiaotong University in the sample universities is in the third echelon, which is far from the high-level universities with industry characteristics of the first echelon. Finally, it proposes strategic measures for the construction of East China Jiaotong University as a high-level university with industry characteristics.

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    • Reformation of postgraduate training mode based on “Double First-Class” construction: Taking the major of Bridge and Tunnel Engineering in Harbin Institute of Technology as an example

      GAO Qing-fei, WANG Yan-fang, MA Qi-lu, LI Jun, WANG Qi

      Based on the strategic demand of "traffic power" put forward in the report of the 19th national congress of the CPC, combined with the background of "Double First-Class" construction, the quality of master training in bridge and tunnel engineering is particularly critical. Based on the analysis of the current training mode of the masters in Harbin Institute of Technology in the past 10 years, and the comparison with other typical universities in terms of training years, curriculum and student-teacher ratio, some suggestions on the reform of the training mode of the masters in bridge and tunnel engineering are put forward. Academic master and professional master should be trained by classification. The course setting, training years and assessment requirements should be truly differentiated, such as optimizing the course setting, reducing the credits of compulsory courses, increasing the credits of optional courses and enhancing students' learning initiative. In addition, it is also very effective to continue to strengthen the process management, improve the corresponding system, increase mutual supervision between teachers and students, and implement the end elimination system.

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    • Teaching practice of flipped classroom integrated with PBL in the course of urban planning principles

      WangTing, LI Wenting, Yang Wenyue

      Through the problem-based flipped classroom to solve the problems existing in the traditional urban planning principles course. The teaching contents of the course of urban planning principles are various and complicated. And the traditional teaching method is mainly based on teacher's narration, which leads to students' passive learning and poor teaching effect. In combination with PBL's flipped classroom, the traditional classroom will be flipped with the guidance of questions, forming a student-centered and teacher-directed ability training teaching. This paper introduces the concrete teaching practice plan, the practice includes modularized reconstruction of teaching content based on flipped classroom, and building learning platform on WeChat Subscription. It also clarifies the specific methods and steps of PBL flipped classroom before, during and after class, as well as the way of examination and evaluation. Through practical research, it is concluded that the teaching of PBL flipped classroom makes teachers more clearly understand the weak links of students' curriculum learning. Students' abilities in autonomous learning, communication and cooperation, summary and induction, and language expression have been greatly improved, and the teaching effect is improved.

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    • Design and practice of blended teaching mode for civil engineering

      zeng xueqin, WANG Liwen, LI Pengbo, LI Xiongwei, DING Chuan

      Innovative teaching and learning is an important way to improve the quality of talent cultivation. Based on the needs of talent training in the era of Education Informatiozation 2.0", this study analyzed the necessity of blended teaching reform of civil engineering courses. Then based on the internet plus curriculum construction mode and the reverse instructional design theory, this study constructed a blended teaching mode based on "SPOC+ MOOCs classroom" from the aspects of teaching goal setting, teaching object analysis, teaching resource construction, interactive teaching activity design and diversified assessment system. Taking the course of civil engineering construction organization as an example, the results indicate that the blended teaching mode improves the students" driving force and problem-solving ability in autonomous learning to some extent, increases the students" sense of acquisition, and promotes the cultivation of students" engineering practice ability.

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    • The exploration and expansion of ideological and political origin in practical teaching of architecture specialty

      LIWEI

      Based on the experience of architecture major turning to application in shenyang university of technology, also with the curriculum of practice teaching reform, To explore the thought and method of ideological and political origin, put forward a new model of education that named the "1234..." which combines professional education with ideological and political education: Creating a real-time updated architectural practice teaching platform; Two ideological and political teaching lines should be established to promote social values from different historical time lines and multiple perspectives; Constructing "three time and space" ideological and political teaching environment; Promoting the orderly penetration of "four-in-one" teaching links, and ensure the full range of personnel involved in the course. After three years of practical experience, the teaching effect is remarkable, which can provide the foundation and construction direction for the ideological and political work of the relevant professional courses.

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    • Exploration on the practical teaching system of civil engineering specialty facing to emerging engineering education

      ZHANG Xue, QI Yong-zheng, ZENG Wen-jie, CHEN San-bo

      The new and higher level requirements for the training of engineering talents in colleges and universities has been put forward according to the requirements of the construction of "emerging engineering education". The reform of practical teaching system has to be explore for the traditional civil engineering specialty in the situation. The practical teaching system of civil engineering specialty was explored focusing on the connotation of emerging engineering education and the training goal of civil engineering in this paper. Based on the analysis of the situation of practical teaching, all kinds of experimental courses and practical training of the specialty were reorganized; the innovation concept of "emerging engineering education" was integrated; and a practical teaching system of civil engineering with "one main line, four platforms and three levels" was constructed. It is aimed to provide reference for the cultivation of innovative, cross and compound high-quality engineering and technical talents.

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    • Discussion and practice of innovative capability cultivation in civil engineering graduation dissertation

      WANG Jingjing, OU Zhihua, ZHENG Yuqiang

      University graduation dissertation for civil engineering students in China is considered to have wide-ranging contents, heavy workload, and full of difficulties. Incorporating innovative capability cultivation into graduation dissertation meets the needs for improving students’ overall quality and providing high-end engineering talents. Issues exist in current graduation dissertation including outdated topics, negative learning attitude, passive education mode, and lacking of practice. To address these issues, instruction methods including offering more types of dissertation topics, updating design contents up to practical engineering, motivating students’ proactivity, playing the guiding role of teachers, making reasonably in-depth instruction plan, and emphasizing more on practices are proposed. Those proposed methods are expected to contribute to the enhancement of graduation dissertation.

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    • Study On the construction of architecture specialty system in local Universities Based on national professional education evaluation standards and Fujian regional cultural characteristics——Construction practice of architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology

      Huang Zhuangwei

      Since 2000, with the rapid development of national economy, China has set off a new upsurge of architecture major. As a new architecture major in local universities,The architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology takes the national professional evaluation standard as the program, the regional culture and local construction demand in southwest Fujian as the support, and "reform, opening up, practice and service" as the guideline .The construction concept has built the architecture professional system of local universities integrating teaching, scientific research and service, and passed the national education evaluation of architecture major of universities in 2018. In this paper, through the comprehensive combing and refining of the construction process of architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology, we explore an effective path and method for the construction of professional system of new architecture major in local colleges and universities, in order to provide ideas and reference for the development and construction of the discipline system of Architecture major in local universities.

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    • Pedagogical reform of “earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of engineering structures” and teaching practice during major epidemic situations

      Wang Hao, Zhang Zhiqiang, Xu Ming, Tao Tianyou, Li Aiqun

      The construction of the course “earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of engineering structure” is very important to cultivate the comprehensive talents with both ability and morality in the field of disaster prevention and mitigation. To fulfill the basic task of cultivating talents with moral integrity, enrich teaching materials, teaching methods, teaching language, improve the activity of classroom, and guarantee the teaching quality of the course, the pedagogical reform is carried out. Combined with the professional interpretation and discussion of typical engineering damage, the “infiltrative” ideological and political teaching mode of the course have been established. The bilingual interactive teaching practice of the course have been implement through adopting bilingual teaching and the thematic instruction by the international famous experts. The students’ understanding on the knowledge of earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of the engineering structure have been promoted by strengthening the practical teaching of the course. The teaching resources sharing platform of the course has been established to share the high-quality teaching resources in time. Meanwhile, the teaching strategy of the course in epidemic period is explored, and the strategy is verified by the teaching practice during COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019). The teaching strategy and practice can provide some reference for the course of “earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of engineering structures” in the period of major epidemic.

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    • The Theory and Practice of Project Whole Process Integration and Reverse Learning Method

      wu yingshi, guo yuanfang, xu guangyi

      Engineering cost major is an applied technic vocational educational major which needs to cultivate high-quality and skilled talents pragmatically and efficiently. Traditionally, basic and core courses are divided according to different semesters, as well as the course structure of map recognition and construction technology, measurement and pricing, and software application. Under the current new technical conditions such as Internet plus, BIM technological application, and prefab building promotion, suitability reform and innovation should be carried out. As for the “Project whole process integration and reverse learning method” referred to " P&R integrated reverse teaching method), this passage sets a basis of process, modularity, integration, reverse teaching method in accordance with the "branch or sub branch Project" for the object to build a curriculum structure in different majors and the whole process integration. P&R integrated reverse teaching method can better meet the requirements of "integration of industry and education, school-enterprise cooperation, combination of work and study, and integration of knowledge and practice" put forward by the ministry of education of China for the technical vocational education.

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    • Discussion on Talents Training Model of Network Universities in BRICS Countries

      GAO Chang-zheng, Tian Weili, LIU jiaqi

      By analyzing the two basic characteristics of the "BRIC National University" network and application type, starting from the dynamic talent cultivation ideas of "point-like basic cooperation, linear serial cooperation and surface deepening cooperation", the Ural College of North China University of Water Resources and Hydropower Architecture is an example to explore the talent training model of BRICS universities.Under the guidance of the “Belt and Road” concept, the architecture of Ural College should be based on the research of international architecture talent training model, and build a unique training program and modular curriculum around the development needs and trends of BRICS architecture talents.A new model of talent cultivation in the trinity of the system and the international joint teaching team.

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    • Exploration on quality assurance of practice link of specialized postgraduates in the field of architecture and civil engineering– a case study of HVAC

      WANG Yong, XIAO yi-min, LIU Yong, LIU Fang

      In view of many problems in the cultivation of specialized postgraduates, the paper takes the key practical links in the cultivation process of specialized postgraduates in the field of Architecture Civil Engineering (specialties of HVAC ) as the research object, and puts forward the ideas of classified practical links. Based on the guidance of the Ministry of education and other relevant guidance departments on the training of specialized postgraduates, the paper establishes a system to strengthen the quality assurance of practice links, and puts forward the specific implementation methods of the quality assurance system based on the idea of training by specialties. And according to the specific practice cases of specialized postgraduates, the process analysis is carried out. Through the cultivation exploration of key links, it is expected to provide reference for the realization of the overall cultivation goal of specialized master in the field of Architecture civil engineering.

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    • The Construction of Learning Community of Civil Engineering University Students from the Perspective of New Engineering

      Wang Lu, Shen Yang, Liu Yun, Zhang Jie, Dingxiaoqing

      The new economic form of new technologies such as the Internet, artificial intelligence, and cloud computing has flourished, The construction of new engineering bring new opportunities and challenges to engineering education, and new demands for engineering and technology professional. As a traditional specialty, civil engineering is faced with problems such as incomplete knowledge of social development and industrial needs, and lack of interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary integration. Civil engineering education is urgently needed to be improved and upgraded. Carrying out student-centred education and taking the second classroom as the foothold, the School of Civil and Transportation of Hohai University realized the deep integration of teaching, system design and student learning community construction of two parallel one practice space containing online virtual space, offline shared space and practice situational experience space. On the basis of cultivating talents to acquire professional competence, it helped them to gain the characteristics of innovative practic, cross-border integration and diversified development ability. The strategy assists the transformation of new engineering disciplines (NEDs)from concept to action。

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    • Research on long-term operation construction mechanism of postgraduate workstation

      chenxuyong

      As an important form of university-enterprise cooperative cultivation and an important platform of Industry-Academy-Research Cooperation for postgraduates in China, graduate workstations are the best way to cultivate innovative and compound talents. At present, graduate workstations encounter many problems during their operation. Taking the highway intelligent maintenance innovation technology graduate workstation as the target analysis, the paper analyzes problems such as the separation of scientific research project from training plans, low motivation of cooperative cultivation and imperfect evaluation?mechanism, it also puts forward a series solutions pertinently from three aspects: joint formulation of menu-style projects through enterprise and universities; integrative construction of graduate workstation inside and outside campus; perfecting the evaluation mechanism. These solutions provide a guarantee for the long-term operation and the talent cultivation model of the graduate workstations, and make great significance to the improvement of postgraduate education quality,, the disciplines construction of universities and the innovative development of enterprises.

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    • Research on ideological and political teaching of urban design course based on deep learning theory

      HE Shao-ying, JIANG Jia-wen

      Curriculum ideology and politics is an important focus for revitalizing our undergraduate education and improving talent training ability in the new era. The theory of deep learning, which focuses on immersing students in the context of knowledge and learning, and the realization of the intrinsic value of knowledge, has been widely used in the teaching research of the core literacy of disciplines. Based on the theory of deep learning, it was explored that, in the teaching of urban design series courses, how to integrate the inspiration and establishment of ideological and political elements with the original knowledge system in order to achieve all-round education. From the aspects of strengthening the guidance of teaching goals, expanding and rationally organizing teaching content, organizing the "immersive" teaching process, and improving the teaching evaluation system, a comprehensive and in-depth study of the full-chain teaching of urban design courses is conducted, and the next step of teaching exploration is proposed. Through the elaborate design of the full-chain of courses teaching, knowledge and experience between teachers and students is integrated and the interaction of scientific rationality and humanistic emotion is promoted, so that professional teaching and ideological and political education can be more naturally integrated and the professional learning of students is closely related to personal growth.

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    • Discussion on the Reform of Soil Mechanics Experiment Teaching and Assessment Model

      Liu Yong-jian

      Taking the reform of soil mechanics experiment teaching in Guangdong University of Technology as an example, the characteristics and teaching effects of the three experimental assessment models are compared and analyzed. The traditional teaching and assessment mode (the assessment mode I is based on the "normal performance + experimental report"), and the formation of the "one-size-fits-all" experimental report can’t achieve the expected teaching effect. The assessment mode II includes normal performance, experimental report experimental, examinations, and the distribution of experimental results and teaching effects have been significantly improved. The results show that the test of experiment can adjust the students' interest in practice, cultivate hands-on ability , and the impact of the operation test is particularly significant. The "guide-design-experiment-report" four-part experimental teaching process and the whole-test mode (the assessment mode III) are in line with the "student-centered, results-oriented" engineering education concept, which can achieve the desired experimental teaching effect. The research shows that progressive teaching methods can achieve better experimental teaching results.

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    • Analysis of several problems in structural dynamics

      PAN Dan-guang, LU Wen-yan

      To discuss several problems in the process of establishing and solving equations of motion in structural dynamics teaching. It mainly includes the difference of stiffness coefficients between dynamic and static mechanics as well as their relationship by the static condensation, the Fourier transformation condition from impulse response function to frequency response function and their effect on dynamic response, the frequency response function of the hysteretic damping system. The theory analysis and numerical results show that: (1) For the lumped-mass system with only translational degree of freedom, the stiffness in dynamics is the force required along DOF due to unit displacement at translational DOF and relaxation of rotational DOFs, and the stiffness coefficients obtained by the static condensation method and the unit displacement method are identical; (2) Whether a system with damping or not, the Fourier transformation relationship between the frequency response function and the impulse response function is accurate; the particular solution includes steady-state vibration and free adjoint vibration in the time domain, however, only the steady-state vibration in the frequency domain. Their difference is evident for the initial stage of vibration. The difference is more noticeable for small natural frequency. (3) For a system with hysteretic damping, the frequency response function of the negative frequency should be the conjugate function of that of the corresponding positive frequency.

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    • Discussion and Analysis of the “Flipped Classroom” of Theoretical Mechanics Based on the Concept of MOOC

      YAN Lewei, LIANG Yingjing, CHEN Liujie, SUN Zuoyu

      The concept of MOOC and "flipped classroom" are one of the emphases of current education and teaching reformation in China. However, according to the existing practical experience, there are some theoretical and practical issues remain to be paid attention to and solved urgently in the implementation of MOOCs and "flipped classroom". The teaching concept of MOOC and "flip classroom" were discussed in depth combined with the teaching practice and research. A set of teaching theories on the "flip classroom" for theoretical mechanics course was established and applied to the teaching practice, which is beneficial to make a positive contribution to “deepening the reform of education teaching, as well as the quality of personnel training” in higher education of our country.

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    • A comparative study on the introduction courses of urban and rural planning undergraduate major in colleges and universities

      yaohongtao, zangliang

      Introduction to urban and rural planning is a basic course for students to understand the macro structure of the professional knowledge system, which plays an irreplaceable role in urban and rural planning education. As a young discipline, urban and rural planning is a typical multi-disciplinary integration major, and the introduction, development and practice of professional introduction courses are in the exploratory stage. Based on the relevant data of 29 urban and rural planning evaluation institutions, this paper analyzes the characteristics and practical effects of the professional introduction courses in the current urban and rural planning evaluation institutions, reviews and summarizes the academic theories of the professional introduction courses, and puts forward Suggestions for improvement of the content organization, class hours and follow-up links of the professional introduction courses. It is concluded that the introduction course of urban and rural planning in colleges

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    • Exploration of the coupling model between the innovation of civil engineering practice teaching and College Students' Structural Design Competition

      XIE Mingzhi, YANG Yongqing, JIA Hongyu, LI Lanping, ZHANG Ming, HUANG Shengqian

      Practical teaching is one of the important links in the training of civil engineering talents under the background of emerging engineering education, with new content and target requirements. This article actively explores the coupling of College Students' Structural Design Competition with practical teaching, and explores from the aspects of practical teaching goals, deepening of knowledge, innovation and creation, teamwork, comprehensive quality and ability training, etc., so as to improve students' analysis of problems and the use of professional knowledge to solve problems. As an important platform and effective carrier of practical teaching, the coupling of the Competition with practical teaching will further strengthens the education policy of “undergraduate education-oriented”, and provide ideas and inspiration for practical teaching reform, thereby improving the quality of talent training.

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    • Training system and experience of urban and rural planning major in American universities —— taking State University of New York at Albany as an example

      xia yongjiu

      Colleges and universities are important bases for training professional talents. The training system composed of training objectives and curriculum system not only determines the direction of talent training, but also has a profound impact on the quality of talent training. Taking the Department of Geography and Planning, Urban and Rural Planning of State University of New York at Albany as an example, this paper systematically analyzes its training system from the aspects of school-running level, training objectives, curriculum system and teaching management. From the aspects of training goal setting, knowledge system construction, thinking method training and professional ethics training, this paper summarizes its school-running experience.

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    • NLP-based text mining and analysis of engineering ethics education

      ZHONG BOTAO, PAN XING, JIAO LI, LUO HANBIN, SUN JUN

      Engineering ethics education is an indispensable part of higher engineering education reform. The research on engineering ethics education gets more attention forms researchers under the background of “New engineering”. Based on the processing of Natural language processing(NPL), with the support of SLatent Dirichlet Allocation(LDA)technology and metrological visualization tool, this article selected 212 research literatures collected in CNKI. Based on literature research overview, keywords frequency list, and documents co-citation network, this paper analyzed the research status, essential document, and hot topics in this domain based on the environment of machine learning . Besides, the problems that impeded the development of engineering ethics education were proposed. Finally, this paper proposed some suggestion to solve these problems in term of country, society and universities. This study provides an effective reference for promoting engineering ethics education in higher engineering education.

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    • Research on the Cultivation of Civil Engineering Talents in Application-oriented Universities under BIM+ Industry-Education Integration

      LI Feiyan

      The arrival of BIM era proposes new requirements for the cultivation of civil engineering talents. This paper analyzes the importance of the industry-education integration in the talent cultivation in application-oriented universities, expounds the demand and current training situation of civil engineering talents in BIM era, puts forward the idea of talent cultivation based on the background of "deepening industry-education integration", "school-enterprise cooperation and cooperative education", and mainly discusses the measures of talent cultivation: improve the curriculum system with BIM capability as the core, develop BIM course resources, set up double-qualified teachers teams, encourage students to participate in student competitions and mass entrepreneurship and innovation projects, construct school-enterprise teaching practice bases and construct an industry-university-research cooperation project platform, etc., so as to provide reference for the cultivation of professional new technology talents.

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    • New model of joint training postgraduate based ontime and space

      ZHANG Yuxin, WANG Yi, Dong Fan, Li Mei

      With the implementation of the Outline of the National Innovation-Driven Development Strategy, how to train high-quality versatile talents in recent years has become an urgent issue for Chinese higher education. Postgraduate education, as the highest level of higher education, plays a crucial role in national talent training, and cooperative teaching has emerged as the times require. This paper first analyzed the differences between the theoretical and practical reality of studying inter-school joint training. Under the introduction of traditional and diverse joint training modes, a unique new mode of joint training is proposed, that is, joint training of postgraduate students based on space-time span, which focused on the introduction from the undergraduate to postgraduate stages, taking into account the problem of "universal ease" and the imbalance of resources between universities. The dual role of "undergraduate" to "postgraduate" and "postgraduate" to "postgraduate" emphasized the growth of students under the transfer of time and space. In addition, further thoughts were made on the status quo in inter-school cooperation.

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    • Practical exploration of virtual simulation experiment for the undergraduate students in Building Environment and Energy Application Engineering

      Li Junmei, Sun Yuying, Qiao Yaxin

      Taking the virtual simulation experiment of the ventilation system balance adjusting as an example, the application of virtual simulation experiment to the undergraduate experimental teaching in Building Environment and Energy Application Engineering is explored. The implementation results show that although the virtual simulation experiment can make up for the deficiencies in conventional experimental equipment, such as insufficient experiment instruments, experiment venues, teaching expenses, etc., and can enrich the experimental resources, it is low-cost, high efficiency, and strong scalability. There are still certain problems of this kind of experiment. Practical teaching and traditional experiment for the undergraduates should be considered for the virtual simulation experimental platform developing, experiment course content setting, process implementation and grade evaluation. In view of the shortcomings of virtual simulation experiments, virtual experiments and conventional experiments should complement each other, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the experimental teaching level and teaching effect.

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    • Exploration of Teaching Practice for Architectural Design Based on Urban Function Repair Concept:Taking the Design of Second Grade Community Service Center as an Example

      Facing the current opportunities and challenges of architecture major education, Nanjing Tech University conducted the teaching reform on the curriculum design of the Second-Grade Architecture Community Service Center, and introduced new thinking dimensions and teaching links with the problem of “urban function repair” as the entry point. The teaching is focused on cultivating design values and design working methods and training students to establish independent design logic and research-based design thinking method. Combining the teaching reform practice, the content and methods of the curriculum practice are summarized, and a new means is explored to link the basic teaching and improvement teaching of design.

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    • The training mode and practice of professional master's degree students majoring in built environment and energy based on the background of “Double First-Class” construction

      Gao Yafeng, Ding Yong, chenjinhua, Linan, Xushuang

      Cultivating first-class talents is an important connotation for constructing the first-class disciplines, but also a vital dimension for evaluating the outcomes of disciplines construction. Regarding the professional degree students, cultivating their innovation and hands-on abilities is a crucial role for university education under the new era. Taking the major of Architectural Environment and Energy in the School of Civil Engineering of Chongqing University as an example, this paper investigates the multiple training models for professional degree students, which integrate the international theoretical teaching mode with the innovative practical teaching mode of production, teaching and learning. Also, it explores the construction of international theoretical teaching system and multi-level practice platform, which aims at improving the innovation and hands-on ability of master degree graduates in Built Environment and Energy.

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    • Virtual Simulation Construction of Experimental Teaching Resources for Triple-Leveled Civil Engineering Curriculum System

      LI Jun, LI Xiaodong, CUI Yifei, ZHANG Peng, QU Chengping

      In order to strengthen the cultivation of students' professional interest, application and innovation ability and practical ability to solve complex engineering problems, the ideas of the construction and application of virtual simulation experimental teaching resources serving the triple-leveled professional curriculum system, namely the "core-direction-expansion" curriculum system of civil engineering are proposed. The three-level curriculum system has the characteristics of organically connecting theoretical teaching, practical teaching and engineering practice with experimental teaching. The course of "Comprehensive Experiment of Civil Engineering (including Virtual Simulation)" with the characteristics of " Virtual-Real Combination " is newly established, which contains the experimental teaching content urgently needed by civil engineering majors, and adapts to the new characteristics of college students' growth and new laws of education and teaching in the information age. Relying on the national-level experimental teaching demonstration center, the national-level virtual simulation experimental teaching project and a number of teaching research and teaching reform subjects, the virtual simulation experimental resource library serving the triple-leveled curriculum system is built with the "Golden Course" standard of virtual simulation, and the three-dimensional teaching resources are constructed combined with the virtual simulation projects,courses construction and teaching material construction.

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    • Study on the Cultivation of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Ability Based on " Student Research and Training "

      daishiyu

      At present, the cultivation of innovation and innovation ability has become one of the main abilities of colleges and universities in the new era. The School of Electronics and Information Engineering of Suzhou University of Science and Technology has adopted the Student Research Training Center as an important platform for college students to promote innovation and entrepreneurship. Adopting a group and team cooperation model, carrying out capacity training centered on scientific research projects, and implementing a variety of innovative quality training methods and mechanisms to cultivate students "innovative awareness, stimulate students" entrepreneurial spirit, and fill the current extensive teaching mode. The gaps in the cultivation of student quality have played a role in promoting the improvement of university students" scientific research ability, innovation and entrepreneurship, and the development of scientific research in universities.

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    • Research on " urban design of small towns" course reform of FGCPP for key competence

      xujing

      Abstract: China is in a critical period of coordinating the rural vitalization strategy and the new urbanization strategy. It is essential for colleges to grasp the important tools to break the urban-rural dualism pattern, and explore the reconstruction and expansion of urban design in the interdisciplinary teaching system of small towns. Fujian normal university " urban design of small towns" course is committed to cultivating key competence. Starting from the three dimensions of cultural foundation, independent development and social participation, FGCPP curriculum teaching model focus on flip classroom, group discussion, classic reading, practice teaching and project driven. FGCPP provides reference and inspiration for revealing the characteristics of "Chinese design" more profoundly.

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    • Exploration on the Teaching Mode of concrete structure Design principle under the background of Engineering Education Certification

      MA JIAXING

      The implementation of engineering education professional certification has pointed out the way for our country to cope with the new round of scientific and technological revolution and further laid the foundation for the training of professional practical talents, which has important guiding significance. The principle course of concrete structure design is one of the important basic courses for civil engineering majors, but in the actual teaching process, there are some defects in our education, such as good teaching content and single form, less combination of new technology and less practical knowledge. Based on the concept and requirements of engineering education professional certification, this paper horizontally compares the teaching methods of concrete structure design principles courses in colleges and universities in China and Singapore, and further summarizes the experience, optimizes teaching methods, and puts forward teaching reform measures. improve the teaching quality of the course, in order to provide references for the curriculum reform of domestic colleges and universities.

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    • The teaching reform of architectural design course in the third grade of Shandong Jianzhu University based on the guidance of OBE concept ——Take "space regeneration" as an example

      chenlin

      Under the influence of OBE concept, Shandong Jianzhu University, based on the original intention of connecting with engineering education certification standard, has carried out the overall reorganization and framework of architectural design course, taking achievement oriented, student-centered and continuous improvement as the guiding ideology of curriculum reform.The third grade architectural design course played an important role in connecting the preceding and the following in the five-year architectural design study. Taking the "space regeneration" course assignment as an example, this paper specifically introduces how the third grade architectural design course responds from three aspects: curriculum setting, teaching process and curriculum improvement.

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    • An Analysis of the Key Factors in the Cultivation of Postgraduates" Innovative Ability

      Wang Fei, wang congcong, YIN Shi-ping, Lv Henglin

      As a major target group for the cultivation of innovative talents, postgraduates" innovative ability influences the country"s future development prospects. In view of this, a questionnaire on the status of postgraduates" innovative ability and the key factors of cultivation of postgraduates" innovative ability is conducted. Analysis data shows that the key factors of cultivation of postgraduates" innovative ability are the tutors, self-condition and the environment of innovation. And related recommendations are proposed.

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    • Discussion on talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty in civil engineering category —A case study of Nanjing Tech University

      Chen Liping, Gong Yanfeng, Lu Qingsong, Cheng Jianjie, Zhou Bin

      The demands for enrollment and the modern development of building industry are analyzed for talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty. The capacities of high quality students of building environment and energy application engineering are investigated. The efficient ways to talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty in civil engineering category are shown. Based on global major incidents, the ways are developed to enhance major self-identity by powerful broadcasting. The importance of teaching idea change from knowledge-transference to ability training and the necessary of the personnel training system including innovative technology such as big data are explained. The suggestions for solving knowledge link-up between courses by using internet instructional software are proposed. The effect of establishment of training system for innovation and entrepreneurship is discussed. The hierarchical training programs of solving Complex Engineering Problems in guiding graduation project are present.

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    • Analysis of the Training Objectives and Knowledge System for Engineering Management Majors in Undergraduate and Master Levels

      Jiyong Ding, Zhuofu Wang, Chenhao Jin

      Engineering Management is currently used as the official major name for both undergraduate and master programs in China. For people in both academia and industry, it is of great significance whether the professional connotations, training objectives and professional knowledge systems of the two levels’ education should be the same. On the basis of analyzing the connotation of engineering management, the training objectives and knowledge system of engineering management professionals in China and abroad, the authors of this paper suggested that the official name of undergraduate engineering management should be changed to “Construction Project Management”. It is suggested that the relevant knowledge of construction engineering transaction theory and project governance theory should be appropriately increased in the undergraduate program to meet major’s connotation. This paper also suggested that the training mode and the knowledge system for the Master of Engineering Management (MEM) degree program should be adjusted based on the needs of high-level talents in R&D project management and technical management for engineering/technical companies.

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    • Research on the teaching Reform of Construction Management Specialty Based on BIM in China

      lixingsu

      Under the background of the rapid informationization development of building industry, the teaching reform of construction management specialty based on BIM should be reconstructed to meet the market objective demand for college graduate. Training of personnel of construction management specialty should develop towards the direction of comprehensive ability based on data and information with BIM as the core. Based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), the paper analyzes the factors affecting the teaching reform of construction management specialty based on BIM, and puts forward suggestions.

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    • Study of graduation requirements achievement based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method —a case of civil engineering specialty

      WANG Yi, ZHU Kai

      Engineering education accreditation system is very significant for ensuring the quality of undergraduate engineering education. In addition, the evaluation of graduation requirements achievement is an important segment and core content of the system. Based on the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, a three-level evaluation system, including teaching procedure, supporting curriculum and graduation requirement index points, was constructed for evaluating graduation requirements achievement. A case of graduation requirement index points, named research capabilities, was conducted on the basis of civil engineering specialty in our school. According to the results, the graduation requirements achievement could be demonstrated, and the weak items during the three evaluating procedure could be found respectively. The feasibility and applicability of the evaluation system was proved and it makes preparations for the application of graduation requirements achievement by using the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation system.

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    • Exploration and practice of full-English blended teaching in fundamental principles of reinforced concrete

      CHI Yin, XU Lihua, LIU Sumei

      According to the 《Implementation plan of Ministry of education on the construction of first-class undergraduate courses》, the "Double 10000 Plan" for the construction of first-class courses includes online, offline, online and offline hybrid, virtual simulation and social practice courses with high level, innovation and challenge. Based on the national excellent resource sharing course "concrete structure and masonry structure design" of Wuhan University, this article discusses the solutions to the outstanding problems in the course "principle of concrete structure design" that is fully delivered by English. The MOOC courses were established and the full-English online and offline blended teaching methods were explored in practice, which provide guarantee for improving the full-English teaching quality of civil engineering courses.

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    • The construction of course quality ecosystem from the perspective of teaching life cycle

      MA LE

      This paper creates a course quality ecosystem based on the teaching life cycle life cycle. The responsibilities of the common teaching and learning community throughout the course life cycle are also been clearly specified. Quality assurance services are implemented on each phase of the life cycle, including the course initiation, quality planning, quality assurance, quality control, and course conclusion as quality-oriented. In the course initiation phase, the course requirements are elaborated and defined based on the course planning process of the University of Miami. The Bloom's taxonomy of the educational objectives is employed to identify the course objectives, based on which the process of teaching and learning are evaluated and the course quality plan is developed. As the course quality assurance, the value chain analysis is adopted to interpret the appreciation and depreciation of teaching activities and evaluate the contribution of these activities to teaching value. In the course quality control phase, diversified assessment methods and practice strategies are developed, and importance is attached to the students' learning process through the two types of formative assessment—assessment for learning and assessment as learning. At the course conclusion phase, multi-channel feedbacks are adopted, such as teacher-teacher, teacher-student, and third-party feedbacks. In addition, the responsibilities of the common teaching community throughout the course life cycle are also been clearly specified. In addition, taking learning engagement as an important factor to measure the effectiveness of the course quality ecosystem, data analysis shows that students have a high degree of recognition in terms of course satisfaction and learning performance.

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    • Practice and Analysis of "MOOC+ Flipped Classroom" Mode in Theoretical Mechanics Teaching

      YAN Lewei, LIANG Yingjing, CHEN Liujie, SUN Zuoyu

      The trend of flipped class" mode in college teaching are discussed in this paper, based on the in-depth analysis. Their position as teaching method and mode are also clarified. In particular, although the subjectivity of students in the teaching process is emphasized in teaching mode, the dominance of teachers in the whole teaching process is not denied. The successful practice of "MOOC+ flipped classroom" teaching model in theoretical mechanics course of Guangzhou university shows that the willingness to learn independently has a very important influence on the teaching effect of this model. The difference of learning effect before class and the knowledge base are the biggest difficulty to implement this teaching model. The master and control of the teaching process is the fundamental guarantee for the effectiveness of the "MOOC+ flipped classroom" teaching mode.

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    • Practice and investigation on the heat transfer teaching for students of building environment and energy application engineering based on cultivation of scientific innovation ability

      WANG Yu, ZHANG Shujuan, TAN Meilan, LIU Jinxiang, ZHOU Bin, LI Wei

      The heat transfer course is one of the professional basic courses in the subject of building environment and energy application engineering. With the promotion of new engineering construction, the heat transfer course will undertake the task of training innovative talents, which are consistent with the current undergraduate scientific innovation ability training system. In the teaching process of heat transfer course in Nanjing Tech University, a "five-question introspect report" system is introduced to encourage students to apply their knowledge to undergraduate scientific innovation training programs. Meanwhile, the cases in the former challenging cups and "internet plus" innovation and entrepreneurship competition are introduced to explain the basic principles of heat transfer, as well as the discussion on scientific innovation projects. This practice provides a reference for the improvement of teaching quality in heat transfer course and the cultivation of innovative ability of undergraduate students in this subject.

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    • Reform to practical teaching of surveying and mapping engineering specialty in application oriented transformation of local universities

      LIN Nan, ZHANG Wen-chun, LI Wei-dong, LIU Yong-ji

      Practical teaching is the main carrier of training applied talents. It is necessary to study its design because it will directly affect the quality of talent training. In this paper, the problems existing in the transformation and development of local undergraduate universities were analyzed and discussed, for example the practical teaching was subordinated to the theory teaching, the practical teaching was not concentrated, and the time of students practice training and participation in engineering practice was lacked. Combined with the standards of engineering education certification, the practical teaching system throughout 8 semesters and 4 academic years was constructed, with students practical ability as the core and ability increment as the goal. The dominant position of practical teaching was effectively guaranteed through the reform of talent training mode, the construction of dual-teacher faculty, the innovation of school-enterprise cooperation mechanism and the evaluation of goal achievement. The research results can accelerate the integration between the goal of training applied talents and the construction of curriculum system, and comprehensively improve the economic and social development of the professional service region, which is a beneficial attempt to reform the practical teaching mode of surveying and mapping engineering.

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    • Exploration of “intelligent structures” mini-curriculums for multidisciplinary training for civil engineering students

      fang cheng, wang wei, yang xinyue

      In order to actively meet the demands of diversified development of the engineering industry, and to cater to the national “Made in China 2025”, “Industry 4.0” and other strategic plans, this paper deeply explores the civil engineering “intelligent structures” mini-curriculum training modes and explains the urgency and necessity of the implementation of such courses. The mini-curriculum is developed based on the “common basis and personality training” framework proposed by Tongji University. The teaching reform should be carried out with the objectives of internationalization and diversification, and to build the multi-disciplinary cross-training curriculum system, teaching methods and curriculum assessment system. This study forms the basis of the new model and new method for the establishment of the knowledge system for the intelligent structure mini-curriculum.

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    • The Conception and Adjustment of Harbin Institute of Technology's Landscape Architecture Undergraduate Specialized Course System in the New Engineering Background

      Liu Yang, Zhao Xiaolong, Wu Songtao

      The goal of “New Engineering Education” is to cultivate high-quality and compound talents with engineering practice innovation capabilities. Landscape architecture professional service national ecological civilization strategy and human settlement environment construction, needs to face challenges and lead the future development of planning and design industry. Landscape Architecture in Harbin Institute of Technology is based in engineering, supported by the first-level subject group of the School of Architecture. In the new round of undergraduate training program adjustment, HIT-LA actively adapts to dramatic changes in the external environment, Rethinking the core values of the profession, clarify undergraduate teaching orientation and talent training ideas, highlight the core clues of professional teaching, continuously optimize the curriculum system with its own characteristics, and explore undergraduate teaching pathways based on the “Excellent Landscape Architect”.

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    • Exploration and application of the new achievements in the infrastructure construction field of China to the politic-ideological education

      Wang Licheng, DONG Wei

      The new achievements in the field of infrastructure construction of China and and the experiences of teachers and fellow students (currently studying in the campus or already graduated) are used as media to explore the new teaching pattern for politic-ideological education in the course of “Reinforced Concrete Structures”. The contents of each chapter and section have been specially planned and designed to include these media in terms of the professional knowledge, and then the media database and case set are built up. The politic-ideological education for the students is successfully and naturally integrated into the course teaching process.

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    • Primary investigation of the visualized teaching about the course ‘Seepage Theory and Test’ for postgraduates

      Liu Xianshan, Xu Ming

      The seepage problems are common in hydraulic engineering, geotechnical engineering, oil and gas engineering, related specialized course have attracted more attention by many universities, the ‘Seepage Theory and Test’ is opened for postgraduates in Chongqing University majored in geotechnical engineering. Aimed to the prominent teaching problems in the classroom, the basic seepage knowledge is improved for the students and also the visualized teaching mode is discussed in detail. In addition, different software technologies are used for visualized presentation from different points of view, describing the seepage concepts, laws, models and calculation methods, and the classroom presentation considering research projects give students deep understanding the seepage implications and the ability to implement the case analysis by themselves. The teaching practice show that above teaching mode based on software visualization can improve the studying activity of the postgraduates and stimulate their creative thinking and corresponding ability.

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    • Practice teaching exploration on embankment engineering course design based on scientific research resources

      Kong Gangqiang, Liu Hanlong, Shen Yang, Wen Lei, Min Fanlu

      Embankment engineering and its course design are one of the most important compulsory courses for undergraduate majors, such as, transportation engineering and civil engineering, etc. The practical teaching system exploring is an essential way for the development of the new engineering project and the "first-class disciplines". Firstly, the teaching status and the main problems of the embankment engineering course design in Hohai University were pointed out. Secondly, based on the scientific research resources of the Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Geomechanis and Embankment Engineering and the country key subject of geotechnical engineering, the teaching plan on "scientific research-experiment-teaching-engineering" was developed, and the practical teaching mode of embankment engineering course design was refined. Finally, the specific and detailed methods of embankment engineering course design in practice teaching were preliminarily explored. The objectives of this research is to improve the cognition and understand of embankment engineering for students in undergraduate majors, and further to improve their professional comprehensive skills and innovation ability.

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    • Exploration and practice of Teaching Method for Gardening History of China based on“illustration”

      XIA Yu, CHEN Chongxian

      Theory and history of landscape architecture course is an important fundamental and bases for the program curriculum system. With the new turn changing of curriculum system for the education, this paper explores the renovation of theory and history of landscape architecture course based on the“illustration”, and proposes a teaching framework with three different objectives of “knowledge and technology”,“procedure and method”and “passion and value”.This study aims to help student understanding of relationship between time and space in traditional Chinese garden, developing a holistic map for the history of Chinese garden, exploring the contemporary meaning of history for modern landscape design and developing the valuable traditional cultural. It may also finally benefit on students to have a positive outlook on the life and world, which further improving them to bridge the gap between theory and practice, transformation of knowledge into wisdom.

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    • Methods for Innovation Ability and Research Confidence of Postgraduates in Civil Engineering

      Guo Zeng-wei, Zhou Jian-ting

      The new situation of national strategies in new era, Emerging Engineering Education reform of China’s higher education and international certification of engineering education raise new requirements for postgraduate cultivation in traditional engineering. It becomes urgent to consider how to cultivate qualified future engineers with high moral standards. The current main contradiction in postgraduate education becomes to the conflict between expansion of graduate recruitments and promotion of engineering training objective. The present paper analyze the critical problems in postgraduate education of civil engineering. The approaches to emerging engineering education are also been discussed in terms of teaching method, mentoring mode, and seminar organization pattern.

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    • Application of Practice Theory to Knowledge and Practice of Technical Majors- Take Architecture as an Example

      Li Ting-ting, Liu-dongjiang

      The Theory of Practice is a philosophy that has been proved repeatedly by extremely successful practice, and its basic ideas are widely applicable to the process of practical activities. Technical majors have a variety of practical teaching process, is a common basic activity in students"cognition, students realize the leap from perceptual to rational knowledge through practical training; students use the knowledge they have learned to counter-practice in society after graduation, to complete the second leap in cognition. At the same time, the theory of practice has a good guiding significance for solving some problems and troubles in study and work.

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    • Cultivating Interdisciplinary Talents to Serve Cross-Disciplines——A case of Compound Talent Training in “Planning-Ecology”

      Zhou Hongxuan, Sun Jing, Chang Jiang

      Over the years, we have been focusing on teaching and research practices such as ecological restoration in mining areas and ecological restoration in coal mining collapse areas. While achieving gratifying results, we also deeply realized the need for ecological knowledge and inter-disciplinary talents in urban and rural planning. Based on this, the idea of "Planning-Ecology" compound talent cultivation for graduate education reform has gradually come into being. Creating ecology course groups, establishing the interdisciplinary planning plus ecological curriculum module, and introducing various of teaching methods to organize and implement teaching practices; meanwhile using the method of research feeding teaching to bring student to scientific projects, with the way of simulation and practice to devote them into researches to learn professional courses and technologies. Based on this, and constantly expand international education resources, and realize urban and rural problem oriented, by means of ecology theory and method of the interdisciplinary talents training mode, achieve the purpose of the compound talents cultivation.

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    • Study on BIM Teaching Curriculum System Reform in Construction Management- A Case Study in China University of Geosciences

      Guo Shengyu, Zichen Zhang, Peisong Gong, Liulin Kong, Zhonglei Feng

      In the current context, the sharp conflictions exist between the supply and demand of BIM technical talents, and the talents-training mode of construction management at colleges and universities lags behind the development of construction industry. Therefore, the reform of BIM teaching curriculum system is explored in China University of Geosciences and a hybrid teaching method of integrating practice into theory is adopted by four steps. Firstly, the goal is identified by considering the current teaching system. Secondly, the classes of practice teaching are developed. Thirdly, the mechanism of out-of-class activities for students is built and the knowledge and skill training for teachers is constructed. Finally, the studio for BIM is set up. The core of the whole implementation is the cooperation between the school and companies that related to BIM. The results provide ideas and methods that have theoretical and practical significance for the reform of BIM teaching curriculum system in China.

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    • Cultivation of innovative and entrepreneurial talents with building environment and energy engineering specialty under the background of engineering education accreditation

      WuXiaoZhou, WangshuGang, wangjihong, lixiangli, wanghaichao

      In order to adapt to the new round of scientific and technological revolution and the new trend of industrial reform, professional construction in accordance with the standards of engineering education accreditation is an inevitable trend in the development of engineering education in China. As a specialty of the building environment and energy and application engineering with distinctive industry characteristics, it is responsible for providing high-quality innovative talents in the field of energy and environment, and should take the opportunity of passing engineering education accreditation to deepen professional education reform. Taking students as the center, build a quality model of innovative entrepreneurial talents, establish a multi-level, modular innovation education curriculum system, pay attention to the cultivation of students' innovative consciousness, strengthen the shaping of entrepreneurial abilities in the practice process, and integrate and innovate throughout the entire course ideas and professional knowledge. The proposed model of innovative and entrepreneurial talents and the training curriculum system under the background of engineering education certification are of great significance for the cultivation of high-quality composite talents that meet the international engineering education certification standards and the requirements of the new era.

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    • Diversified Practice Teaching Methods on Energy and Power Engineering under the Background of Excellent Engineers

      Shi Weixiu

      The differences between diversified practice teaching methods and the regular teaching mode are discussed in the paper. In view of the shortcomings of the current traditional teaching mode in the cultivation of innovative professional talents, the two courses of《thermal equipment principle》and《heat exchanger principle and design》are taken as examples based on the energy and power engineering. Diversified practice should be strengthen during the course teaching process, including multimedia courseware design, engineering case analysis, off-campus engineers entering the classroom, experiment, actual engineering design and practice on project site. The teaching content allows students to carry out in-depth and comprehensive learning from basic knowledge, case application, experimental phenomena and results analysis, engineering field practice, etc. Diversified practice can improve students' interest in learning and comprehensive practical ability, and also cultivate outstanding engineers who can meet the needs of society.

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    • Construction of training program of urban underground space engineering specialty under the background of engineering education certification

      YANJian

      The Southwest Jiaotong University is a "double world-class" university with clear-cut industrial characteristics, as the earliest founded one of underground engineering related majors in colleges and universities. For constructing the cultivation scheme for urban underground space engineering specialty,?we deeply consider the training objectives, curriculum system construction and continuous improvement of talent training programs in practice, under the background of engineering education certification initiated by Washington agreement .Based on the concepts of engineering education certification, outcome based education,the talent training objectives for the needs of the development of national urban rail transit industry and double world-class construction of university were defined and refined , meanwhile, the graduation requirements and construct the realization matrix of the training objectives were quantified. The general framework of the curriculum system was established, and the curriculum module and realization matrix were determined through corresponding index points of graduation requirements under the mapping of standards, characteristics and capability structure.The the core of practical ability training cultivation is highlighted , and the cultivation approach of scientific research and innovation ability is expanded,through the optimization of the combination of major courses and the integration of diversified courses.

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    • Experimental on Spatial Cognition Teaching of Architectural Students Under VR Technology

      maochao, jinguilin, songxiaoyu

      As the key and difficult point of architectural design teaching, spatial cognition has been paid more and more attention by domestic and foreign universities. Virtual reality (VR) technology can generate 3D dynamic vision to provide users with a 1:1 virtual immersion experience. For architectural students, VR technology brings a new design perspective. In order to prove that VR has a positive effect on students' spatial cognition, this paper conducts teaching experiments on VR and several traditional architectural design methods, and conducts questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews at different stages. The research results show that under the VR design mode, students have more accurate control over spatial size and proportion, and their ability to understand spatial cognition and design has been significantly improved. At the same time, it also provides certain practical value for the application of VR technology in the field of architectural design teaching.

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    • Teaching mode innovation and construction of General Education Golden Courses of engineering on the overall strategic layout of education process

      Yan Liang, Maolin Tang, Wei He

      The construction of Golden Courses is an important factor quality and guarantee of higher education overall construction. It is urgent to innovate from education idea, training program, curriculum setting, teaching mode etc. General courses are the vital roles in higher education to cultivate students’ overall quality such as humanistic literacy, moral sentiment, social responsibility. Based on the characteristics of different majors’ general courses, combined with the Golden Course construction, if the teaching effect of general education courses on civil engineering is improved, the limit of traditional teaching mode based on major courses should be broken and the unalloyed “teaching” on “teacher center” should transform into “learning” on “student center”. In order to response the national construction on “Double First-Class” university and “Golden Courses” and try to transfer students’ attention on mobile phone into the classes, the author focus on the innovation of teaching mode, relate the present hotpots on social environment, and take advantage of every possible measurement such as entity mode, engineer practice, mobile network, social platform, network video, traditional excellent teaching methods etc. As an example of civil general education course “Bridge Aesthetics”, the author gropes a feasible method to set a serial of “Golden Courses” which can be referred by peers.

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    • Teaching Reform of Plastic Mechanics Course Based on Engineering Application Talents Training in New Media Age

      ZHANG Zhi-guo, FANG Lei, YE Qian-yuan, CHEN You-liang

      civil engineering. The main body of the course is the law of stress and strain changes when the object is plastically deformed. If you rely solely on textbooks, the course content is complex and the formulas are numerous, which inevitably makes people feel obscure. In view of the significance and problems of the "plastic mechanics" course, this paper carries out the curriculum teaching reform oriented by engineering application-oriented talents in order to stimulate students" interest in learning and combine with the new era and new media platform. Taking the teaching situation of Shanghai University of Technology as an example, the specific reform measures include: (1) Establishing an online classroom through the WeChat public account, increasing the interaction between teachers and students, and optimizing the teaching content in the form of online course production. (2) Adding examples teaching in civil engineering through new media tools based on the combination of theory and practice.(3) Combining the design tools commonly used in the current civil engineering direction with traditional teaching, and presenting them to students through multimedia teaching. (4) Establish a school-enterprise cooperation model, network training for enterprise technicians, and virtual platform simulation training. (5) Requiring graduate students to combine their research directions, reviewing recent literature related to plastic mechanics and make reports, and reporting PPT in class.

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    • Practice and Tips in English Teaching for Core Courses in Civil Engineering

      LIU Lin, YANG Na

      It is of great significance to carry out English teaching for core curricula in civil engineering in a bid to cultivate high-quality professionals adapting to the trend of globalization. The course of Concrete Structure Design Fundamentals possesses the characteristics of science, engineering and practice, and is representative in teaching. This course was chosen to demonstrate the bilingual teaching practice for MAO Yisheng Class and English teaching practice for overseas students in Beijing Jiaotong University. In compliance with the basic requirements of engineering education certification, the teaching notion, content, means, methods, course project and grading policy were reformed, aiming at strengthening English thinking and application of two groups of students with distinct traits. Practice shows that the pilot courses have worked well; English course project and online platform for communication between teachers and students, based on information-assisted teaching means, can stimulate students" learning initiative, deepen their understanding of knowledge, and effectively improve their English application ability. Finally, suggestions for the sustainable improvement of the courses were summarized.

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    • A Comparative Study of Undergraduate Curriculum Systemof Civil Engineering Major at Home and Abroad

      LIU Lin, YANG Na, ZHANG Hongru

      The comparative study on the curriculum system of civil engineering specialty at home and abroad is of great reference value for the adjustment and optimization of the existing curriculum. Three famous civil engineering schools, namely Tongji University, University of Illinois and Imperial College London, were selected as the research objects, and the curriculum system of civil engineering major in our university was compared. Comparative analysis includes cultivation objectives, course setting, basic credit requirements, course structure, composition and proportion of specialized courses, core courses and so on. The research shows that the cultivation goal of Imperial College London is more specific to reflect the graduation requirements of students" abilities, which is worth learning from. Compared with foreign universities, civil engineering majors in domestic universities require more total credits and more courses. On the premise of meeting the requirements of Engineering Education Certification Standard, it is the key points of the course setting adjustment and course construction of our university to properly reduce the total credit requirement, brief the course scale, adjust the course structure, strengthen the construction of the core professional courses, and incorporate some postgraduate courses into the curriculum system.

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    • Construction and teaching practice of building material course

      Han Junnan, Zhang Tingting

      Driven by global information technology and educational informationization, Mooc has became the key development direction of education. In order to improve the public service level, promote education equity and curriculum teaching reform, the Ministry of Education of China "Opinions on accelerating the construction of high-level undergraduate education and comprehensively improving talent cultivation ability" pointed out that it needed to vigorously promote Mooc and virtual simulation experiments, and vigorously promote and develop high-quality Mooc. Taking lesson in Building Materials for Construction as an example, this paper had discussed the high quality of course resources construction from three aspects in terms of basic situation and characteristics of building materials course, building materials for class curriculum resources construction and building materials for class teaching design and effect. The experience of course content, teaching resources, teaching mode and the precious experience of online appraisal aspect were taken in this exploration, which laid the foundation practices for the future construction materials and other subjects classes.

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    • Application of engineering case and virtual experiments in teaching of seismic design of building structures

      ZHOU Xiao-long, LIU Zhang-jun, LU Hai-lin, LIU Sheng-bing

      Seismic design of building structures is a major course of civil engineering. Based on the course have the characteristics of numerous contents, deep theory, abstract conception, bad effect on traditional teaching mode, a teaching reform thinking of engineering case and virtual experiments was proposed. The present condition and problems of seismic design of buildings are analyzed in this paper; and the modes and characteristics of “engineering case -virtual experiments” teaching model are summarized; then the teaching reform strategy and curriculum teaching content setting are stated; at last, take reaction spectrum theory as an example, the practice process of teaching model are introduced in detail. The “engineering case and virtual experiments” teaching model take basic theory and method of seismic design as the main thread, and the teaching cases are carefully designed; the virtual simulation is integrated into the case teaching. In this teaching model, the visualization of a real seismic engineering situation can help students submitting, analyzing and solving problems. Meanwhile, the teaching model emphasize heuristic teaching, the students’ interest is stimulated, and the understanding of basic concept and principle of seismic is deepened. By using the teaching model, the comprehensive ability of students to outputs are strengthened.

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    • Preliminary Investigation on Integrating of Triz Theory into Innovation Capacity Training of Civil Engineering

      WU Rui, JIA Chuanguo, TANG Xianlong, GAN Min

      Aiming at the problems such as strong professional of TRIZ theory and low relevance many TRIZ case studies to civil engineering, this paper conducted preliminary investigation on integrating TRIZ theory into innovation capacity training of civil engineering. In this paper, the necessity and importance of improving innovation capacity of civil engineering students were investigated, regarding current situation of innovation capacity enhancement and development trends of civil engineering. Some proposals to integrate TRIZ theory and civil engineering were presented, in terms of stylization, specialization and simplification of TRIZ theory.

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    • Discussion on Teaching Reform of Undergraduate Research Graduation Design for Architecture Majors:Taking the “Reconstruction Design of Historical Buildings” as an Example of Architecture Design of Hunan University

      ZHANG Wei, YANG Yuhuan

      The graduation design topic of architecture is generally based on modern engineering examples. However, in recent years, the topic of research and exploration of the topic of graduation design has also been tried in various colleges and universities. This article takes the subject of the “Reconstruction of Historical Buildings Virtual Restoration and Renovation Design” of Hunan University Architecture in 2019 as an example. It introduces the whole process of teaching and design, including the arrangement of time and the focus of training, and fully respect the wishes and preferences of students in the topic selection, emphasizing research-oriented design, trying to introduce virtual repair technology to carry out repair and renewal design, showing and analyzing some teaching achievements, trying to provide new ideas for the teaching of architectural history through this graduation design practice.

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    • Course reform of civil engineering based on SC education concept:taking the seismic design course of building structure as an example

      Pan Yi, LIU Hao, LIN Yongjun, ZHOU Yi

      Top-ranking undergraduate education is the foundation of top-ranking universities. It is necessary to reform the teaching of civil engineering courses to meet the needs of training civil engineering composite talents, change the traditional “teacher-centered” teaching mode and explore a teaching mode of “student-centered”. Taking the seismic design course of building structure as an example, this paper carries out teaching reform that focused on the shortcomings of the current teaching and combined with the characteristics of the course such as more content, fewer class hours and greater teaching difficulty from teaching contents, teaching methods, practice links and evaluation system, based on the “Student-Centered” teaching concept. First, adjust the teaching mode and teaching methods, encourage and guide students to learn independently after class to solve the problem of less class but more content. Second, use a variety of means to assist teaching to stimulate students" interest in learning. Third, pay attention to practical teaching and enhance students" comprehensive application ability and innovative practice ability. Fourth, perfect the teaching evaluation system, introduce the process index into the evaluation system, and evaluate the teaching work at the same time to form a benign interaction between teachers and students. According to the comparison of teaching effects before and after the teaching reform, the analysis results show that the reform measures based on SC not only fully mobilize students" learning enthusiasm, enhance their autonomous learning ability, improve students" learning achievement, but also promote teachers" teaching level and training quality. The teaching reform has achieved good teaching results, hoping to be helpful to the curriculum reform of other civil engineering majors.

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    • Trends of virtual simulation experiment in civil engineering under background of “golden class”——based on the public data of 2018 national virtual simulation experiment teaching project sharing platform

      Weijie Xu, Ming Xu, Zhouhong Zong, Tong Guo, Yan Liu

      Large-scale civil engineering teaching experiment is limited by equipment, site, funds and other aspects for the high cost, long cycle and great danger, though civil engineering is a practical course. With the continuous progress of computer simulation technology, the virtual simulation method of civil engineering based on numerical simulation is playing an increasingly important role in the application of engineering practice and scientific research of this discipline. The virtual simulation experiment makes up for the shortcomings of classroom teaching and physical experiment, and becomes a special civil engineering specialty. The national virtual simulation experiment teaching project is a collection of the most advanced virtual simulation teaching projects in China, which represents the development direction of virtual simulation teaching and has a very high guiding significance. Based on the publicity data of the national virtual simulation experiment teaching project sharing platform in 2018, this paper classifies the schools, leaders and project types of the civil virtual simulation project, analyses the characteristics of the virtual simulation project in the publication, points out the development trend of the civil virtual simulation teaching project, and provides the reference for the construction of teaching projects in the future.

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    • The exploration and practice on the quality standard of blended "golden course"

      wanhongyu

      Before the construction of "golden course", the quality standard that conforms to the characteristics of "High order, innovativeness and challenge " should be formulated to ensure the implementation of the course construction. The course named Design Principle of Steel Structure was proposed to be constructed as a blended golden course. Six influencing factors, such as college orientation, social demand, specialty characteristics, course attributes, teaching team and student characteristics, were comprehensive considered, and the characteristics of "High order, innovativeness and challenge " were personalized deconstructed and refined to formulate the course quality standard combined with "generality" and "individuality".

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    • Exploration and Practice of Industry Associations Participating in the Training of Applied Talents in Local Undergraduate Universities

      YU Yang, JIANG Hui, LI Liang, ZHU Jiong, ZHANG Zhen

      Local undergraduate colleges and universities bear the important responsibility of training applied talents for regional development, which is directly related to the interests of local governments, industry enterprises and universities themselves. As an important third-party organization in society, trade associations use their resource advantages to build a bridge of cooperation between the government, universities and enterprises, deepen multi-party cooperation, innovate the training mode of applied talents, and constantly reform and improve in exploration and practice, so as to promote the training ability of Applied Talents in local undergraduate colleges and universities, technological innovation of industry enterprises, talent reserve and reasonable government policies and regulations. Make it a win-win situation for all parties.

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    • Architectural Design and Teaching Practices of Military Fitness Training Gym

      Li Zhen

      The construction of all-weather training spaces, particularly military fitness training gyms, are in urgent demand along with the increase of military training items and intensity. However, few studies and teaching activities have been carried out to explore the functional components and spatial patterns of the buildings that serve military fitness training purposes. The military fitness training gyms share similarities to their civil fitness counterparts on one hand and serve military purposes on the other. It is therefore crucial to identify the goals, contents, and focuses of the architectural design and teaching practices of the military fitness training gyms. In light of the multi-dimensional spatial structures and the special requirements for architectural skills, students should be trained to re-arrange the space multi-dimensionally, master the structural concepts of buildings and model the architectural patterns. Taking the requirements of a particular indoor military fitness training item as an example, this paper analyses the design of the indoor shooting training center, the swimming training center and the comprehensive training center, draw the basic requirements related to the spatial scale and quality, architectural structure, and equipment for military training, define the teaching contents, and summarize teaching experience from practices, thus providing theoretical reference for the architectural design and teaching practices of the military fitness training gyms.

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    • Cultivation Mode of Civil Engineering Application-oriented Talents Based on P-KTS-D Model

      Dai Bihui, Liu Dewen, Liao Wenyuan, Han Li

      For most engineering majors, it is an urgent problem to be solved to cultivate the application-oriented talents needed by the society during the undergraduate level in higher engineering education. There are many problems in the current cultivation mode, such as focus on theory but ignore practice, focus on principle but ignore design, focus on civil engineering but ignore related and adjacent majors, focus on rational culture but ignore humanities education. In order to solve these problems, comparing and analyzing the differences of training mode between application-oriented talents and research talents and managerial talents, constructing the cultivation mode of civil engineering application-oriented talents based on P-KTS-D model from the perspective of the professional ability of engineers and technicians. In this way, it is possible to cultivate application-oriented talents who are both good at adapting to the industrial environment and specialized in professional ability.

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    • Reform and Practice of GIS Teaching for Improving Students" Innovative Ability

      Wang cheng fang

      Based on the thinking of the GIS (Geographic Information System) course teaching reform for urban and rural planning major in the era of big data, some teaching reform suggestions and measures were put forward with combining more than ten years of teaching practice. By the teaching reform exploration including introducing academic frontiers and research trends, collaborative teaching with design courses, teacher-student interactive teaching practice, innovative comprehensive test, etc., some teaching experience and teaching reform results were systematically sorted out. The teaching practice had shown that relevant teaching reform measures had a good effect on improving the innovation ability of students in urban planning disciplines and the cultivation of innovative compound talents.

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    • Internationalization Path of Talents Cultivating in Energy and Power Engineering under the Background of the Belt and Road

      SHI Weixiu, SUN Fangtian, WANG Ruixiang, YAN Quanying

      In view of the shortcomings of the current traditional talent cultivating mode in international talent cultivating, the differences among them in the background of the Belt and Road are discussed in the paper, basing on the energy and power engineering. And the internationalization path of talent cultivating is explored. This paper includes reform of training programs, construction of bilingual courses, improvement of teachers" teaching ability and internationalization and innovation and internationalization of students, which can improve students" interest in learning and comprehensive practical ability, enhance students" professional international quality and develop new international talents that meet the needs of society.

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    • Research on the Teaching Practice of Architectural Design Based on the Characteristics of Campus Environment

      Ding Ding, Xue Xiaojie

      Taking the current undergraduate design basic course of Xi'an University of Technology as the research object, by combing the present and the problems in the current basic course of architectural design, combined with the teaching characteristics of the school, the experiential teaching method conforming to the cognitive rules of the lower grades of architecture is proposed. Based on the learning model, re-integrate the existing teaching framework, from campus space to environmental awareness, garden architecture to environmental understanding, garden renewal to environmental remodeling, micro-architecture to tea room design, four modules, forming Xi'an University of Technology Featured undergraduate architecture basic design curriculum system.

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    • Teaching Practice of Engineering Structure Design Principles Based on the Theory of the Cone of Learning

      Qin Wei Hong, Lu Jinyu, Wu Jing, Lv Qingfang, Tu Yongming, Feng Jian, Fan Shenggang, Cao Shuangqi

      This paper analyzes the teaching content and teaching status of the course of principles of engineering structural design. Teaching methods are designed and adjusted based on the characteristics of the cone of learning and the attention curve of the students. In the attention distraction period of the class time, the method of pop-up questions during teaching sections is adopted. The pop-up questions on the screen can arouse the excitement of the students and stimulate their learning enthusiasm and learning motivation. Students participation and learning interest are stimulated through the approaches such as "cosplay", programming for reinforcement, flow chart compiling. A preliminary attempt to "flipped classroom" was carried out, and some experience and conclusions were obtained.

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    • Research on the course reform of Specialized English for Civil Engineering

      LU Zheng, LIN Jiali

      With the in-depth implementation of “The Belt and Road” strategy in the 21st century and the increasingly fierce international competition in the construction industry, the talent training modes of colleges and universities should places more emphasis on the country"s major needs or market orientation to export a group of talents of high-quality, international and composite. The international development of civil engineering has put forward new requirements for the cultivation of civil engineering talents in China. In order to strengthen the competitiveness in the international market, the study of specialized English in civil engineering has become not only an inevitable trend but also an effective choice for the education of civil engineering. By re-examining a series of problems in the current teaching of Specialized English for Civil Engineering course, and taking in-depth study of the teaching system, elaborate the practical strategies of the course reform of Specialized English for Civil Engineering from the aspects of teaching mode reform and teacher team construction, and put forward several suggestions for the course construction reform. 1. Extend the course periods and improve students’ attention; 2. Enrich the teaching content and optimize the teaching modes; 3. Strengthen the curriculum resources and teaching staff; 4. Form a continuously improved assessment mechanism.

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    • Summary and analysis of specific problems in BIM curriculum setting in Chinese universities

      MEI Shengqi, TANG Guang, YANG Bin

      The application of BIM technology has been widely concerned by the engineers, but there are obvious differences in how to set up BIM courses and how to teach in colleges and universities. First of all, by adopting the method of literature review, the current domestic BIM curriculum and teaching are reviewed from the perspectives of BIM curriculum setting goal, curriculum content and teaching methods, effect evaluation and curriculum issues. The present situation of the BIM curriculum and teaching were also analyzed. It found that despite many relevant literatures were published, but the specific review of BIM curriculum and the teaching method is not comprehensive. Compared with the existing research results abroad, it provides a new perspective and solution path for the existing problems in the BIM curriculum setting and teaching in China, and provides a new reference for the BIM education research in colleges and universities.

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    • Practice and exploration of teaching timber structure abroad in summer school

      HUANG Haoyu, YAO Zhenyu, CHANG Wen-Shao

      Timber structure in China is developing rapidly, but the gap in teaching timber structure at university is large between China and other countries. Chinese civil engineering students’ design and analysis capacities of timber structure should be improved. Various practice resources and studying experiences can be obtained to students under the advanced timber structure teaching system by collaborating with foreign universities and sending Chinese students abroad for summer school in the area of timber structures. This paper introduces the course content and teaching methods of the summer school in timber structure. The students’ feedback of the summer school shows that the effect of studying abroad is significant, e.g. students’ design ability got improved, students’ practice experience got increased and students’ academic English got enhanced. This paper discusses the English teaching, practice teaching and pre- post- teaching, and raised related improvement measures. It also explores the development of the future summer school in timber structure.

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    • Practice on the Construction of Open Online Course of Soil Mechanics of Hohai University under the Goleden Courses System

      Shen Yang, Wu Jiawei, Rui Xiaoxi

      Soil Mechanics is the core and main course of Civil Engineering. It has strong specialty, numerous, trivial knowledge points, and high flexibility in application. It has abstract concepts and many hypothetical conditions and idealization theory, which easily make students incomprehensible and difficult to use. Taking the online course of soil mechanics of Hohai University as an example, this paper expounds the significance and difficulties of the "Golden Course" construction of open online course under the construction standard of Higher order property, Innovation and Challenge. This paper lists the specific measures to promote the construction of "Golden Course", for example,reforming the curriculum system, adopting case teaching methods, integrate ideological and political education concepts, and combine with the form of flipped classroom to improve the teaching content, improve the vitality of the course, raise students" ability to solve problems and cultivate students" comprehensive quality. The effectiveness of these measures is confirmed by the statistical results of learning effects.

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    • Development of Practical Resources in MOOC Teaching for Basic Principles of Civil Engineering Construction

      huxiaoyi

      The emergence of MOOC (massive open online courses) is gradually changing the way college students learn. At the same time, it also provides them with more abundant learning resources. Based on the characteristics of the course Basic Principles of Civil Engineering Construction and the content of MOOC construction, this paper introduces the dynamic construction of practical resources in the MOOC construction of this course, which included videos of construction process, animation of construction technology, photographs of construction sites and engineering case study, etc. The process of setting up the engineering case base is mainly introduced. It also discusses how to use the internet to optimize the teaching process and improve the teaching efficiency, which has a certain reference value for the teaching reform in civil engineering courses.

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    • Investigation on integration of innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education and professional education in colleges and universities

      Zhang Zheng, Li Xue-ying, Pan Qin-feng, Wu Chen

      In recent years, it pays high attention to the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education in the colleges and universities in China, and continuously explores that how to promote the implementation of the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education in a more effective way. It’s an important approach to realize the goal of the higher education under the background of new engineering course by combining the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education with the professional education. Currently, it makes a great progress and accumulates a lot of experience in the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education, but there are also many problems existing. We explained the connotation of the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education and the professional education and the relationship between them, and emphatically analyzed the principle issues face by the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education and the professional education in this paper. In addition, we put forward the specific countermeasures in order to implement the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education in the undergraduate colleges and universities better and provide reference for improving the creative idea, entrepreneurial practice and creative spirit comprehensively.

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    • Hybrid Teaching Design of Structural Mechanics Oriented to China Engineering Education Accreditation

      WANG Daquan, Chen Zhaohui

      China Engineering Education Accreditation (CEEA) is put forward under the background that engineering education in China is in line with international standards. Its concept of "student-centered, outcoming-based and continuously improving" education is of great significance to guiding modern engineering education and training engineers with both technical and non-technical abilities. According to the requirement of outcoming-based education (OBE), the structural mechanics course group of Civil Engineering College Chongqing University, started from the learner's cognitive rules of constructivism, analysed the content characteristics of structural mechanics course and its position in the curricula system, applied backward design method to design the hybrid teaching model, which includes teaching methods and tools such as lectures, SPOC-based learning, task-oriented teaching and conversational framework. At the same time, practical engineer projects is introduced into the teaching design to cultivate students' ability to solve "complex engineering problems", so as to achieve the teaching goals and meet the corresponding CEEA graduation requirements.

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    • Innovation and Practice of Teaching Mode of Architectural Mechanicswith the Deep Integration of Research, Engineering and Teaching

      chen zhaohui, Li Zhengliang

      How to adapt the teaching of professional basic courses to the requirements of engineering interdisciplinary, and to keep the balance between the personal professional development with the teaching works, are the difficult problems for the higher engineering education in China. By excavating the engineering science connotation of the architectural mechanics in the discipline of civil engineering, the teaching group of architectural mechanics in Chongqing University has established the teaching concept of "research-engineering-teaching", and explored the teaching group construction mechanism which is the "integrating engineering into mechanics and promoting teaching by research". To centered on the students" mechanical thinking and comprehensive application ability, the progressive teaching mode of comprehensive analysis and innovative ability of mechanics has been constructed. The way to coordinate the development of personnel training, teaching group and discipline development in university has been explored. It is hoped that these experiences will be beneficial to the teaching mode of basic courses and the construction of teaching team in other engineering disciplines.

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    • Reform of Construction Law Course Based on the Concepts of Professional Engineering Education Professional Certification

      Lu Zheng, Qiao Jing

      The Construction Law Course is a general-purpose course for undergraduates of the school of civil engineering. It aims to enable students to understand and master the current laws and regulations in civil engineering and to develop students" ability to use relevant knowledge to solve engineering problems. In 2016, China joined the "Washington Accord construction of the Construction Law Course is based on the "student-centered", "results-oriented" and "continuous improvement" as the core concept, paying attention not only to the mastery of students" theoretical knowledge, but also to the cultivation of students" abilities and the formation of personality, and eventually guides students to become high-quality compound talents that meet the needs of society.

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    • Discussion on Training of Designing Ability for Architecture Based on “CPS + Learning Skills” Model

      Wang Keqi

      Due to the complexity and contradiction of the involved factors of architectural design, it makes differences for architectural education from pure engineers, pure sciences, pure liberal arts, fine arts, and so on. The undergraduate specialty education of architecture are required to pay attention to develop the students" designing ability, to the local universities with the basic goal of applied talents training, architecture designing ability is the core of architecture speciality training. During the process of training for designing ability, it could yield twice the result with half the effort using "Creative problem solving model" combined with "learning skills model", namely the teaching ideas and methods bases on "CPS + learning skills" model, creating a learning community situation, realizing the ideas of "active learning" "learning through doing" "autonomous learning"under the guide of teacher, guiding students to discover new knowledge independently.

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    • The enlightenment of Princeton University’s undergraduate personnel training model to the construction of world-class universities in China

      Ma Junmin

      Talent training is an important starting point in the construction of first-class universities in the world. Carrying out the core position of talent training and promoting the reform of talents training mode is the proper meaning of the construction of first-class universities. It is of great significance for the construction of world-class universities to explore the mode of undergraduate talents training in world-class universities. It is found that the successful experience of Princeton University in the fields of talent training goal, curriculum arrangement, talent training system, academic evaluation and so on has important enlightenment significance to the innovation of undergraduate talent training model in research-oriented universities of our country. It plays an important role in speeding up the construction of world-class universities in China.

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    • Research on curriculum construction of technology foundation of mechanical manufacturing under the background of “emerging engineering education”

      李聪波 林利红 汤宝平 江桂云LI Congbo, LIN lihong, TANG Baopin, JIANG Guiyun

      Based on the new model of talent cultivation in new engineering education, learning from MIT's new engineering talent thinking, the existing teaching content of technology foundation of mechanical manufacturing needs to be updated. Teaching methods are mainly subject to “teaching”. Engineering training in the teaching process, systematic practice teaching and practical assessment of course evaluation are lacked. So new ideas and cultivation objectives of technology foundation of mechanical manufacturing are put forward, a curriculum system integrating the theoretical teaching, experimental teaching and practical teaching is builded, and a student-centered approach to teaching method and curriculum assessment is constructed. Effective ways of curriculum construction are explored actively under the background of new engineering, quality of education and teaching is improved continuously, high-quality innovative talents are cultivated.

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    • Deepens learning environment design of building construction with integration of teaching, learning and doing

      zhuang shao pang, wang jing, leng tian xiang

      Strengthening practice is an important orientation in higher education at present. The introduction of "doing" in the teaching of theoretical curriculums has been generally recognized by teachers. Building construction course is generally divided into two stages of basic learning and deepens learning. How to integrate innovative practice effectively in the deepening learning stage is an important problem of teaching reform. To establish a whole learning environment of integrating teaching, learning and doing, the problems of what to do and how to do it need to be solved. Teachers can reasonably arrange the thematic teaching content, cleverly use different pedagogics, to establish a learning environment of teaching follows doing, doing promotes learning and learning in practice, and adjust it flexibly according the actual situation. The thematic teaching can take some clues to lead the whole and extend knowledge learning to method mastery. The interactive teaching with good practice experience can effectively activate students’ learning enthusiasm, and the innovative practice can promote the absorption of the theoretical knowledge of building technology and cultivate the overall design thinking. With these methods and the whole process learning environment of building construction, building construction learning can be developed as a bridge between architectural studios and building technology curriculums, and the quality of professional training can be improved.

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    • Teaching reform cases of soil mechanics based on interest arousing

      Li Weiteng, Wu Yankai, Wang Lai, Wang Gang, Zhao Jingwei

      The teaching content of Soil Mechanics is rather dull, which can easily hurt students" learning enthusiasm and influence the teaching effect. In this regard, the interesting points in course content of Soil Mechanics were explored. Based on the basic framework of heuristic guidance teaching method, a new teaching scheme of Soil Mechanics characteristics in interest stimulation was designed. Students" daily experience and personal scenes are used to arouse their interest, students" subjective status and participation is highlighted, and teachers" timely guiding role is emphasized, which let students fully enjoy the fun of seeking knowledge while feeling the rigor of scientific knowledge. "Case 1" and "Case 2" were taken as examples in this paper, the implementation process of the new teaching scheme was introduced, the principle and basis of the new scheme designation were analyzed based on the author’s experience, and a summary of this teaching reform was made finally based on the feedback of teaching practice.

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    • Exploration of EAP course development in Chinese universities-Based on the English learning needs analysis of college students majoring in the Built Environment

      Zhou Mei

      With increasing international contact and the deepening of education internationalization, EAP (English for Academic Purposes) course development has become increasingly important. By collecting questionnaire data from the college freshmen of the Faculty of the Built Environment, an English learning needs analysis was conducted from the following five aspects: students’ past learning experience, learning objectives, their expectations of college English courses, target needs and their understanding of the necessity of EAP courses in Chinese universities. The results show that students have years of past learning experience and have already acquired the basic knowledge and skills in English. They have multiple target needs and a strong desire to associate English learning with their subject study and future career development, thus they are eager for EAP courses at the university. This paper also presents some suggestions concerning the necessity of EAP course development, multiple course design, refinement of course contents and the adoption of research-based methodology, in the hope of enhancing students’ academic communicative competence, and making them the inter-disciplinary talents who are needed by the society.

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    • Curriculum of overseas undergraduate programs in construction management: Lessons Learnt

      ZHAO Zhen-yu, ZUO Jian

      The complexity of contemporary construction projects presents a significant challenge to the competency of construction management professionals. The undergraduate construction management program to some extent determines the quality of construction management professionals. The comparison between the curriculum of the undergraduate construction management program in overseas high-profile universities and those in China provides critical inputs to the sustainable development of these programs. Using investigation, comparison and induction method, the curriculum of undergraduate program in construction management in 7 universities of U.S.A., U.K., Australia, and Singapore were analyzed. Consequently, strategies are proposed to improve the curriculum of undergraduate program in construction management of Chinese universities.

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    • Application of five categories in materialistic dialectic in bridge inspection and strengthening technology teaching

      TIAN Wei-feng, SUN Ce-shi

      The five categories are the generalization and reflection of the most common dialectical relationship of things, the universal connection and development of the material world are revealed from different viewpoints. They are the important teaching contents of ideological and political course. The dialectical materialism thoughts contained in the bridge inspection and strengthening technology course are excavated and refined. The five categories are introduced in bridge specialty course teaching by some typical examples. It discussed that the teaching mode in which bridge specialty courses combine ideological with political courses and work together. Meanwhile, it promotes the concept innovation and model innovation of engineering education.

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    • Analyzing the Function of " Eight Unification" in the Ideological and Political Theory Courses:An Understanding of Social Psychology

      zhangyun

      The reform and innovation of Ideological and political theory course should adhere to the "eight unification", which is General Secretary Xi Jinping"s profound insight into the essence of Ideological and political theory course and provides a fundamental follow for the construction of Ideological and political course in the new era. How to comprehend the "Eight Unities" among teachers of Ideological and political courses should grasp the persistence of political, value, constructive, theoretical, unified, dominant, indoctrinating and explicit education, and make up for the academic rationality, criticism, practicality, diversity, subjectivity, enlightenment and invisible education as soon as possible. This paper attempts to understand the unity and mutual construction of "eight unified concepts" from the perspective of social psychology.

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    • Responding to leading: research on the relationship between American engineering education and industrial structure

      YIBEIBEI

      Engineering education and industrial development are mutually supportive and closely linked. The cultivation of engineering talents needed for economic and social development is the mission of engineering education and industrial development. Based on the development history of American engineering education and the history of industrial structure development, it integrates into the evolution of American engineering education paradigm, summarizing 1783 to 1990, the process from the first stage of the American engineering education technology paradigm to the scientific paradigm, the United States has transformed from a big agricultural country to a information country. And the relationship between engineering education and industrial structure has undergone three stages of response, adaptation and leading. And derived from 1990 to the present, that is, under the fourth industrial revolution, the engineering education of the return paradigm should lead the development of industrial structure.

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    • Research on the Cultivation of Practical Ability of Undergraduates Majoring in Architecture: Based on Text Analysis of 5 Universities in Guangdong Province

      Yang Dan

      Architecture is a highly integrated and practical subject. Cultivating high-quality undergraduates with strong practical ability is an important component of contemporary architectural education. There are different emphases in the training plan of practical ability in Guangdong colleges. There is little difference in the distribution of credits and the proportion of course types in macro class, and the design course and technology course reflecting the professional practice ability are implemented in parallel. Colleges should start to build a systematic practical teaching system, form a crisscross course organization, and consolidate the guarantee conditions for practical ability training to speed up the training pace of practical ability of undergraduates majoring in architecture.

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    • Discussion?on?two?problems?in?the?teaching?of?Mechanics?of?Materials

      chenyan, Zhang Xiaoqing

      Abstract: According to the basic theory of mechanics of materials, two problems in in-plane bending of the beam are analyzed in this study: the influences of different sections on the flexural normal strength of the beam and on the maximum shear stress of the cross section of I-beam, the level of the influence of various cross-section shapes on the flexural normal strength and the effect of various I – beam section sizes on the maximum shear stress were obtained quantitatively. The main results obtained are as follows: The flexural normal strength of rectangular section is lower than that of circular section when the rectangular section is transverse and the aspect ratio is greater than 1.36926; When the vertical degree of I-section is smaller than that of rectangular section, if the web of I-section is very short or very wide, the flexural normal strength of I-section is lower than that of rectangular section;For the general section size, the maximum shear stress on the I-section is not equal to the nominal average shear stress on the I-section web,Only under the specific section size, the maximum shear stress on the I-section is equal to the nominal average shear stress on the I-section web. The research results have corrected some vague concepts in the teaching of mechanics of materials, and the research process and the research method provide a good case for improving students' scientific literacy and cultivating students' scientific research ability in the teaching of material mechanics, which of great significance.

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    • Discussion on the teaching method of Steel Structure Course for foreign students

      zhuangyizhou, chenjunjie

      In recent years, with the rapid development of the internationalization of higher education, a large number of foreign students come to China to learn the knowledge of civil engineering, which makes the universities put forward new challenges to the teaching of foreign students. Therefore, in order to improve the teaching quality of overseas students and cultivate more professional and international civil engineers, The teaching method of the course "Basic Principles and Design of Steel Structure" based on the questionnaire of overseas students of grade 14, 15 and 16 of Zhejiang University of Technology has been discussed.. The survey showed that in the teaching of overseas students, there are many problems such as the poor foundation of mechanics, the lack of English ability of teachers, the traditional teaching methods, the poor integration between practice and theory and the unreasonable assessment etc. The teaching effect of the course of “Basic Principles and Design of Steel Structure” in terms of the aspects of teaching goal, teaching content and teaching materials, teaching methodologies, curriculum design and examination evaluation system has been discussed and analyzed. This is based on the nature and characteristics of this course and the consideration of the particularity of foreign student group in China. Further suggestions are came up with in the article to elevate the teaching quality of overseas student group so that it can help to improve the competency of these overseas students and to supply the industry with more practical practitioners who can adapt with the rapid change of the industry. Meanwhile, reference for the delivery of the main course in Civil engineering was also provided.

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    • Research on Hybrid Teaching of Civil EngineeringSpecialty Course Integrating Online and Offline

      LIN Yongjun, LI Tongmei, PAN Yi

      At present, a systematic and comprehensive online and offline hybrid teaching model has not yet been formed.In particular, the application of hybrid teaching concept to the teaching and research of civil engineering specialty course is still very deficient. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of civil engineering specialty course and the problems existing in teaching, a hybrid teaching mode of online and offline integration is proposed. This teaching mode is based on multimedia PPT, blackboard book, MIRC network platform and course learning website. It adopts teaching methods such as lecture, discussion, task-driven and self-learning, and pays attention to the comprehensive application of teaching methods and teaching methods, which can minimize the fatigue of students in the process of learning and fully stimulate students" interest and potential in learning. The application results in the teaching of “building structure design” in the core professional course of civil engineering show that the proposed hybrid teaching mode of online and offline has better learning effect and contributes to the cultivation of innovative practical talents.

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    • Comparison study on the New Engineering Education Transformation and the Engineering Education Integration Innovation

      zhouhongfang, Daisiyuan, zhuzhengwei, zhangzhong

      To cope with the needs and challenges of the Fourth Industry Revolution, MIT initiates the fourth engineering education transformation (MIT4.0), which can also be called New Engineering Education Transformation, NEET; the alliance of excellent colleges proposes Engineering Education Integration Innovation, EEII. Contents of NEET include six parts: project centric curricular, various pedagogies, flexibility, ways of thinking, building on the departments’ strengths and defining the engineering education of the future. EEII has several parts including the development strategy of China’s engineering education facing the Fourth Industrial Revolution, reconstructing the governance system of China’s engineering education, the shift of paradigm of engineering education from returning of engineering education to integration and innovation, implementation of engineering talent training mode based on industrial value chain, building a new knowledge system and a curriculum system facing engineering process, construction strategy of quality standard system of engineering talents training, etc. From the perspective of eight elements of engineering education, this study compares the differences and similarities of NEET and EEII. This study finds MIT realizes its new engineering education by transformative behavior, a connective one. And we need integration and innovation, to realize new engineering education which is “corner overtaking”, a jumping behavior.

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    • Suggestions on Training Mode and Evaluation System under Engineering Certification compared with German Higher Education

      Yin Gu, Surong Luo, Ting Zhang

      With the growth of science and technology, the competition for talents has become increasingly fierce. The higher education is an important key to talent development. The status of higher education and the teaching method of German engineering are introduced. The training objectives, professional curriculum setting, learning simulation and evaluation system of German civil engineering majors are elaborated. The civil engineering under the higher education engineering certification in China are compared with the system in Germany. The current situation of education was compared, and the gap between the current and international engineering certification targets was proposed. The suggestions for training mode and evaluation system were proposed.

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    • The Path of Training First-class Electrical and Electronic Information Technology Talents in the University of Toronto and Its Enlightenment to the Construction of the New Engineering Disciplines

      tanzhi

      How to train first-class talents for industry, the world and the future is an urgent task in the construction of the New Engineering Disciplines in Chinese universities. It is an effective way to learn from the successful experience of education-developed countries. As one of the top universities in the world, the information technology personnel training is characterized by emphasizing on training students' engineering and humanistic literacy, strengthening interdisciplinary integration, enriching students' learning experience, and strengthening the construction of multi-disciplinary collaborative education system at University of Toronto. It has important enlightenment for the construction of the New Engineering Disciplines in our country and the training of outstanding engineers and next generation engineering leaders who influence the world.

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    • Exploration and practice of construction management talents training for new demands of the industry

      GU Xiang, LUO Ying-ying, DENG Ya-lan, YANG Yu

      With the introduction of the national strategy of “One Belt and One Road” and technological innovation, China"s construction engineering field has expanded continuously and the industry has developed on a large scale, showing a new trend of industrialization, internationalization and intelligence. The industry has put forward new demands for professionals. However, in recent years, the frequent occurrence of engineering accidents and the raging construction wastes reflect the fact that in the practice of the industry, there is a certain disconnect between the cultivation of talents in colleges and the actual needs of the industry. Engineering management education faces new challenges, and talent cultivation needs to be reformed .This paper studies out five dimensions of the current industry"s demand for talent quality by using factor analysis, literature research, semi-structured interview and questionnaire survey method, which are personal quality literacy, professional practical skills, personal career development ability, professional subject knowledge, the basic subject knowledge and application. On this basis of these results, five key curriculum groups, three teaching platforms and related core training contents are proposed, which provides a reference for the reform and practice of engineering management personnel training.

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    • Strengthening major characteristics and enriching major connotation based on discipline vantages

      shi qingxuan, shi lin, Zhong weihui

      The curriculum system is the main part of the student training program of the major, and the key factor of major characteristics and major connotation. It is also the base of major construction and major reform. In this paper, taking the curriculum system of civil engineering major of the Xi"an University of Architecture and Technology as an example, which was well reformed and optimized to Strengthen major characteristics and enrich major connotation, the reforming and optimization practice of the major curriculum system were introduced. The major courses, and the core curriculum group, as well as the elective curriculum system, were firstly introduced, and then the foreign language curriculum system, bilingual curriculum system and innovation-entrepreneurship education curriculum system as well as MOOC curriculum were presented too. The curriculum system reform and set-up experience introduced in this paper have good reference value for the designing of civil engineering course system and major construction in other colleges and universities.

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    • Comparative study on material mechanics courses of civil engineering majors in mainland China and Taiwan

      Lu Li, Pang Lang

      As a required course of civil engineering major, material mechanics course is one of the basic mechanics courses of the whole course system, and its importance is self-evident. This paper analyzes the Chongqing university and Taiwan Chung Hsing university majoring in civil engineering material mechanics course and differences between the two aspects of teaching and learning are in by comparing the two universities teaching contents and teaching methods, complement each other, and constantly improve the interior quality of civil engineering material mechanics teaching, realize the balanced development, strengthen students" ability training, promote the reform of education. As a necessary foundation for a civil engineering student to deeply understand the professional field, the course of material mechanics is very important in the undergraduate teaching stage of civil engineering. Therefore, it is imperative to explore teaching mode and improve teaching quality for civil engineering teaching. By analyzing the teaching differences between the two universities, this paper studies the excellent teaching experience and teaching methods of other universities, selects the essence and gets rid of the dross, so as to further develop the teaching work of civil engineering major.

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    • Application of PBL teaching model in specialty degree graduate student’s case course

      YANG Hui, JIANG Xue-liang

      PBL teaching model is a valid way which can resolve the degree of satisfaction of teaching method in specialty degree graduate student’s case course. In this paper, the PBL teaching model was applied into the case course of underground engineering construction and the concrete steps of PBL were detailedly expounded, include course content conformity, case design, PBL item design, plan, action, communication and evaluation. The difficulties of PBL were pointed out and the countermeasures were proposed. The PBL practice shows it can increase the student abilities of autonomic learning, independent inquiry, engineering practice and innovation. It is propitious to train student’s initiative spirits and group cooperative spirits.

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    • Investigation and Practice on the China-International Education Collaboration Undergraduate Program of Building Environment and Energy Engineering:A case Study of Sino-Australia Collaboration Education Program

      ZHANG Donghai, SAN Shuxun, GAO Penghui, HUANG Jianen, WANG Yijiang, Meng Lei

      Chinese institute of higher education will be able to introduce overseas high level teaching resources and enhance the international impact and reputation by implementing the China-International Education Collaboration Program, an important action to internationalize China higher education under the background of "Double First-Rate". A case investigation of Sino-Australia Collaboration Program of Building Environment and Energy Engineering is presented in terms of the progress,aims and teaching features of the joint program. Detailed information in program duration, program courses, mutual visiting, internationalization of teaching staff and cooperative is given. The Sino-Australia Collaboration Program has been in practice for several years and good outcome has been reached. The experience in running this program can be used as a reference for other collaboration programs.

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    • Research on the Three-dimensional Development of University Science Popularization Resources and the Path of Serving the Society under the Concept of Mass Innovation——Based on the Practical Case of Southwest University

      Zhang Zheng-yan, jiangyao

      Popularization of science is an important practical carrier for the integration of innovation education and professional education in universities. Popular science creation and practice is a new growth point of college students’ innovative education. Guiding college students to engage in science popularization creation and practice, deepening the three-dimensional development of university science popularization resources, and forming a new way of "integration of innovative education and professional education". Relying on the teaching and scientific research institutions of universities, we can build a innovation and entrepreneurship education platform for the popular science creation and practice of college students . We will build an ecological network of university-government-society innovation and entrepreneurship education, and promote university science popularization resources to serve the society.

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    • Research on the Demand of People's Science Popularization in Southwest China ——Based on the investigation and analysis of 3757 questionnaires

      zhangLijian, ranhuan

      Designing and carrying out scientific popularization work according to the principle of “demand first” can effectively improve the efficiency and satisfaction of scientific popularization work. As the reality changes, the demand for scientific popularization of the public in the Southwest has also changed. Investigating and analysing the scientific popularization needs of the people in the southwest region, summarizing the characteristics of the demand, and proposing relevant suggestions. These measures can serve as a reference for the development of science popularization in Southwest China and even in China.

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    • Practice and exploration on the construction of construction regulations courses of civil engineering under the background of emerging engineering education

      WANG Yan, WANG Na, SHI Yan-jun, YAO Fei, JIANG Jian-hua

      In response to the new round of technological revolution and industrial revolution, and actively cooperating with the national education reform strategy planning and policy requirements, domestic universities have taken the initiative to deepen the reform of engineering education, and layout of the emerging engineering talents training and education innovation, so as to train future-oriented innovative engineering talents. Civil engineering, as a typical traditional engineering specialty, is facing the practical problems of further "transformation" and "upgrading". Civil Engineering Construction Regulations, as a course with significant interdisciplinary characteristics, is in line with the development trend of emerging engineering construction. Adhering to the concept of emerging engineering education, the ideas and direction of curriculum construction are proposed from four aspects of curriculum basic information, teaching objectives, curriculum content and teaching methods through comparative analysis of the opening situation of construction regulations courses in four famous universities. Taking the construction of civil engineering construction regulations course in hohai university as an example, the construction of course materials, the practice of "flipped classroom" teaching model and the construction and effect of online open courses are analyzed and summarized.

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    • Curriculum Reform of Urban and Rural Planning Major in the Era of Big Data:A Case Study on the Anhui Normal University

      HAN Huiran, YANG Chengfeng, YAO Jingyan

      The development of information technology has brought profound changes to data collection, research methods, planning and design, and urban and rural planning has entered the era of big data. The big data has promoted the analysis of urban problems, the scientific and accurate urban space management, and carried out the method innovation in many aspects, such as regional planning, urban overall planning, urban detailed planning and design, which determined the rationality of the planning results. Taking the urban and rural planning major in Anhui Normal University as an example, on the basis of analyzing the influence of big data on urban and rural planning specialty, this paper analyzes the existing problems in the existing curriculum system from the aspects of professional foundation, technical means and discipline integration, and then puts forward the idea of the reform of the curriculum system of urban and rural planning specialty in universities from the aspects of Interdisciplinary, data digging, regional characteristics and professional evaluation. Finally, the measures of the curriculum system reform are put forward through the adjustment of the curriculum, the addition of the big data related courses and the formation of the new teaching ideas, in order to provide the corresponding reference for the urban and rural planning reform in other universities.

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    • “Science Popularization – Micro Learning Resources” System Building in the Course of Rail Transit Based on Matching Perspective

      Qingjie Wen, Yanjun Qi, Zhaoxing Dong

      Many large and medium cities in China are entering the era of rail transit, yet new science popularization channels has not been developed and the quality of science popularization works has not been improved. Science popularization is lagging behind the rapid development of rail transit construction in China. However, “micro learning resources” meets the learners’ individualized needs, and is suitable for science popularization knowledge communication in the mobile learning era. In view of the current situation that popular science popularization is lagging behind in the rapid development of rail transit, popular science demand and key characteristics of “micro learning resources” are analyzed from the matching perspective to investigate the matching status and problems. On the basis of partial adjustment of the key features of the “micro learning resources”, the perfect matching “Science Popularization - Micro learning resources” system of rail transit is put forward. Taking WeChat public number as the carrier of science popularization, the teaching resources of “micro learning resources” are used to carry out knowledge popularization of rail transit among urban residents and improve the effect of science popularization.

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    • Discussion and practice on teaching content and method of steel structure principle

      LIU Xue-chun, BAI Xheng-xian, ZHU Tao, WANG Yue

      As a compulsory course for civil engineering specialty (including structural engineering, bridge engineering, underground engineering, track engineering), the importance of steel structure principle is self-evident. Reinforced concrete structure and steel structure are two main popular structural forms, and the application of steel structure is now strongly encouraged by our country because of its excellent seismic performance and environmental protection characteristics. In order to adapt to the application and development of steel structure, setting and adjustment of the teaching content, allocation of teaching hours, and proportion of classroom teaching and practical teaching are studied combined with the teaching and scientific research of steel structure. Methods of classroom and experiment teaching are discussed combined with multimedia and structural test technology, the contents, forms and methods of experiment teaching are provided. This paper explores how to improve students" enthusiasm in classes, how to arouse students" study emotions and how to strengthen interaction between teachers and students. At the same time, it discusses how to combine teachers" scientific research content, realize the effective combination of theoretical teaching, engineering practice application and scientific research, and stimulate students" innovative thinking ability.

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    • Evaluation System and Analysis of cultivating internationalized talents of engineering management

      Ying Li, Ying Peng, Qian Li

      Abstract: This paper analyses the Chinese enterprises in the international contractor market from three aspects:Business Status, Business Fields and Number of Enterprises。It is concluded that the significant goal of higher education institutions is to cultivate graduates with international vision, familiarity with international rules, standards and norms, adaptability to international environment . Comparing with curriculums offered in the vast majority of domestic universities, they are designed mainly about cultivate knowledges, but lack the cultivation of international vision and intercultural communication ability. This paper presents the model for International talents training based on Byram's theory . The model has four dimensions about knowledge, skills, attitudes and consciousness. Fuzzy DEMATEL method is used to determine the interrelationship among all 15 factors and the impacts each factor poses on the international talents training. The most influential factor is independent thinking ability (1.963)and social responsibility consciousness (1.696), the most central factor is decision-making ability (2.981), the most influential factor is independent thinking ability (1.114), and the most influential factor is innovation consciousness and ability (-1.452).

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    • Study on Employment Orientation of Graduates of WaterSSupplySandSDrainageSScience SEngineering

      chenshiguang, SUN Hongwei, SUI Aihua, CHEN Qiuli, LV Jiangen, LIU Xiaohai

      It is difficult to reflect the internal differences of different majors by the statistical calibre of employment rate. The micro-structure of employment distribution is an intuitive reflection of the integration of supply and demand of graduates. Employment data of undergraduates majoring in WaterSSupplySandSDrainageSScience SEngineering in Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering from 2011 to 2018 were selected as samples to classify and count the total employment rate, geographical distribution, starting salary range, unit Properties, occupation type, industry category and professional correlation, and to analyze the changing trend from 2011 to 2018, and to compare with the same indicators in the nationwide and province wide. The results show that the overall employment situation maintainSaSgoodSmomentum inSrecentSyears,Sthe employment rate of water supply and drainage graduates of Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering exceed 94% each year,and over 70% graduates take to professional counterpart work. In terms of geographical selection, Guangzhou and Pearl River Delta prefecture-level cities are the main areas. More than 70% graduates devote themself to design and construction occupations, and over 50% go in for construction&municipal industry. The graduates engaged in non-traditional industries increased year by year. However, there are also multitudinous defects that mainly reflected in: The ratio of graduates employed in micro enterprises or employedSunder prefecture-level cities is inadequate, which does not match the orientation of personnel training in serving the countryside. Employment competitiveness remains weak, which reflected in the probationary salary is lower than the average level of national and Guangdong Province,and few graduates were employed in top 500 enterprises. More than 50% SgatheredS in the construction industry and less engaged in modern service industry, which is not consistent with the changes of national industrial structure, which imply that employment risks are going to occur in the future with the transformation and upgrading of the economic model.

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    • Investigation and analysis of teaching situation of

      XIAOYIMIN, GONG ZHUO, GAO XIANGKUI

      The course of “Fluid Transmission Pipe Network” is one of the core platform courses for the major of building environment and energy application engineering. It has both strong theoretical and close integration with engineering practice. In order to understand the effectiveness and shortcomings of the construction and teaching methods of this course, a questionnaire survey was conducted. The questionnaire consists of 20 questions. These questions relate to the understanding of the course, the purpose of the study, the way of learning, teaching effectiveness, and opinions on teaching books, homework and teaching methods. The survey shows that the undergraduates are not aware of the importance and necessity of the course, and generally lack good preview habits and low participation in the classroom. In addition, it is suggested to enhance the readability of textbooks, guide students to learn independently and combine teaching with practice. The results mainly reflect the problems existing in both of the teaching and learning processes of the course, and the corresponding suggestions and improvement directions has been put forward, providing references for the educational reform.

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    • Based on the Dissertation in Tokyo Tech of Architecture by Means

      Liu ZhengPeng

      Based on the doctoral dissertation in Tokyo Tech department of architecture by means of data searching,Showing the development path and characteristics system in Tokyo Tech department of architecture. The formation of the characteristics and academic continuity in Tokyo Tech of architecture,is not only related to the development of modern Japanese architecture,but also beneficial to the establishment of “double first-class” construction in colleges and universities in China.

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    • Discussions on the Reform and Practice of Civil Engineering Talents Training with Intellectual and Moral Abilities under the Background of

      wuqiaoyun, xiaorufeng

      Starting from the existing engineering system in our country and taking the training of civil engineers as the guidance under the background of "new subject" era, this paper analyses the problems existing in the current old engineering system, demonstrates the necessity of "new subject", comprehensively demonstrates the theoretical teaching system and practical teaching system according to the requirements of our country's development and times, and puts forward the reform plan and concrete measures, aiming at: Society trains comprehensive civil talents in the new era. At the same time, the far-reaching significance of training "new subject" civil engineering talents is elaborated from the aspects of personnel training program, teaching system reform and civil engineering discipline development.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Training Mode for Excellent Engineer’s Graduation Design with School-enterprise Cooperation

      WEI Wei, XIA Hong-liu, WANG Zhi-jun, HUA Jian-min

      The guiding principle of civil excellent engineer’s graduation design in Chongqing University, which is based on the combination of industrial institution, school-enterprise joint, classified implementation and various forms, adopts the school-enterprise joint training mode for the aim of various classified forms,processing implementation plan,standardized process management and quantitative design achievements,a set of scientific and reasonable training program, implementation plan and assessment criteria have been established. The good experience can be used for higher educational talent cultivation and the teaching mode innovation. With the major characteristics of innovation and practical capacity, the excellent engineer’s training mode will be a series of dynamic and continuous teaching activities. It is necessary to continuous improvement and construction of training bases, management and guidance strengthening, thoroughly and systematically training plans formulating.

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    • The quality evaluation system and promotion strategy of water conservancy graduate students under the guidance of connotation development

      WEI Bowen, XIE Bin, BAO Dandan, YUAN Dongyang, CHENG Yingxin

      The quality evaluation of postgraduate training is a very important task in the high-level talent training system. The evaluation results reflect the country's ability and quality of postgraduate training. In view of the shortcomings of China's current water conservancy postgraduate training evaluation system and talent ability cultivation, based on the current situation and basic requirements of high-level talent comprehensive quality training, in order to improve the quality of water conservancy postgraduates in the new era, a water conservancy postgraduate education quality evaluation system which is dynamically coupled with the "four in one" of theoretical foundation, professional literacy, innovation ability and comprehensive application ability was proposed. Combined with the cloud model evaluation method, the indicators in the proposed quality evaluation system were quantitatively analyzed, and the corresponding quality improvement strategies for water conservancy postgraduates were formulated based on the connotation development, which provide a basis for the improvement of the comprehensive quality training of the masters of water conservancy engineering and the optimization of the personnel training evaluation system.

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    • Reform of postgraduate cultivating scheme in mid-western regional universities under the context of “double first-class” construction - Jiangxi Province is taken as an example

      JIANG Shui-hua, YAO Rui-Zhi

      Construction of “double first-class” is top-level design of advanced education under the new historical conditions which aims to improve the development level of higher education in China. Mid-western regional universities are an indispensable puzzle in higher education in China. Under the background of “double first-class” construction, there are still many problems in the existing ways of postgraduate education in the mid-western regional universities. In order to cultivate more high-level composite talents who can well serve the regional economic construction, education and teaching reformations, mid-western regional universities should take advantages of the “double first-class” construction. The reform of postgraduate education and teaching needs to be carried out in terms of internationalization, team building, resource allocation and innovative curriculum system construction. This paper closely follows the overall situation of colleges and universities in Jiangxi Province, and takes the graduates education in some universities as an example. The problems existing in the postgraduate cultivating scheme of mid-western regional universities under the background of “double first-class” construction are summarized. To solve these problems, the measures for reforming the postgraduate cultivating way and scheme corresponding to the mid-western regional universities under the context of “double first-class” construction are proposed. The research outcomes can provide references for promoting the cultivation quality of postgraduate students for the mid-western regional universities.

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    • Research on Problems and countermeasures for Experimental Technical Team construction in Double First Class Universities

      LI Yaozhuang, ZHANG Juhua, MENG Hongyu

      The universities in China carry out strategic blueprint on personnel training, scientific research, social services and cultural heritage very fruitful since double first-class university construction was proposed. A first-class university will be survived impossible without a first-class faculty. Therefore each double first-class university takes the construction of teachers as a top priority. The general problems on experimental technical team construction were analyzed in double first-class universities, such as unscientific construction concept, inadequate evaluation mechanism, unreasoned team structure, indecisive position statement, unstable technical team, deficient cultivation mechanism, and no planning on team construction etc. Double first-class university construction presented new demands on experimental technical team, such as solid theoretical foundation, broad Professional knowledge, excellent technical skills, planning and design capacity, communication and coordination capacity, decision-making and implementation capacity, and professional ethics. Countermeasure and suggestion were put forward about experimental technical team construction in double first-class universities. It can help universities and colleges to construct double first class experimental technical team construction.

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    • Comparative Study on Internationalization Development of Higher Education Between Guangdong and Shanghai

      Ou Yongyi

      According to the relevant data of the official websites of the Ministry of Education, the Guangdong Provincial Department of Education and the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, this paper compares the internationalization of different dimensions between Guangdong and Shanghai in terms of the internationalization policy of higher education, the institutions and projects of Sino-foreign cooperation and cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao, the establishment of Confucius Institutes overseas, the number of international students and the number of students from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and analyzes the characteristics and gaps in the internationalization of higher education in the two places. The comparison shows that the Shanghai government is better than Guangdong in terms of policy promotion and scholarship support for foreign students. The number of Chinese-foreign cooperative schools and projects, the number of overseas Confucius Institutes and the number of students coming to China are higher than those in Guangdong. However, Guangdong has more cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao and its number of students from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan is the highest in the country due to its proximity to Hong Kong and Macao. In general, the level of internationalization of higher education in Guangdong is lower than that of Shanghai. It should actively learn from Shanghai's excellent experience of internationalization of higher education, take advantage of the largest province of the economy and its neighboring Hong Kong and Macao, and seize the national strategic opportunities of the “Belt and Road” and the “Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay Area” to further promote the internationalization of higher education, narrow the gap with advanced higher education areas such as Shanghai, and gradually form an international development model of higher education with the characteristics and advantages of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau Bay Area.

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    • Application research on graduation design reform of engineering management major based on BIM technology -- taking Guangdong ocean university Cun jin college as an example

      WanLing, Fuchunli, Luodehai

      With the further promotion of BIM technology in the construction industry, the lack of BIM talents become the bottleneck of BIM development, the college of civil engineering, project management, and other related major were put forward higher request, blend in BIM technology and become an inevitable trend of course reform and teaching reform, and the graduation design as a university test last semester students learning ability and practice ability of link, the BIM technology is introduced into the link of graduation design, can fully improve students' understanding of the whole project management process and master, and can effectively improve students' cross major learning and practical ability, under this background, In this paper, the BIM technology application in the reform of engineering management major, with the BIM technology in Guangdong ocean university Cun jin collage project management professional graduation design as an example, based on BIM technology project management professional graduation design of the basic train of thought, on the basis of the case based on BIM technology engineering management professionals with the basic process of graduation design, through the case analysis based on BIM technology engineering management problems of graduation design, graduation design based on BIM technology is illustrated by SWOT analysis of the scientific nature and rationality, The concrete implementation method of graduation design of engineering management major based on BIM technology is proposed for reference.

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    • Several typical cases related to the teaching of Material Mechanics in Civil Engineering

      ZHANG Guimin, WANG Zhenshuo, DONG Jiwei

      In the teaching of material mechanics, case teaching is an effective method to stimulate students" interest and initiative in learning. At present, mainstream textbooks for materials mechanics are based on mechanically related structures or components, and rarely involve civil engineering cases. In the long history of civil engineering, there are many construction achievements and also many failure cases. If these civil engineering cases are selected as teaching cases, they can not only make the course full of vitality, but also enable students to get more professional knowledge. Based on the curriculum of material mechanics, several representative cases related to civil engineering are listed in this paper, including the torsion collapse of Tacoma Narrows Bridge, the collapse accident of bus shelter ceilings after snowstorm in Hefei, the collapse of deep foundation pit in Nanning, the collapse accident of Quebec Bridge in Canada, and the bungee jump accident of a female tourist in Zimbabwe. The above cases refer to several chapters in the course of Material Mechanics, respectively the torsional deformation, combined bending and deformation, strength theory, stability of the compression bar and dynamic load, and so on.

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    • Exploration of

      zhengyang, Wanghailong

      Under the background of the new era, technological innovation has become the core competitiveness of enterprises, talent has gradually become the main driving force for enterprises to maintain competitiveness. After analyzing the lack of matching between college education and enterprise employment demand, taking the market as the guidance and combining with the characteristics of the school, this paper explores the connotation of personal training under the mode of "School-Enterprise Cooperation" and puts forward a new training mode of graduation design. Some concepts and methods like "Actual Combat", "One-in and One-out", " Centralization and Dispersion", "Stereoscopic Review", "Double tutorial system" were put forward, and the problems and challenges encountered in the course of the practice are analyzed. Some discussions and suggestions are put forward on the establishment and operation of the long-term mechanism of cooperation between school and enterprises.

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    • Exploration on talent cultivation under the ground of general enrollment and credit compression ——an example of building environment specialty in Hefei university of technology

      wangliping, Shen Zhihe, Liu Xianghua, Hou Xiaotan

      The specialized course class hours were greatly reduced in the 2019 edition talent training plan of Hefei university of technology. The building environment and energy application engineering major would once again participate in the pilot program of civil engineering enrollment and cultivating. In the searching of new edition of building environment training program having characteristics of civil engineering category, the speciality characteristics was analyzed in depth, the role in civil engineering was located accurately. Green energy was established as the direction of specialty characteristic construction, and energy engineer was the talent training goal. The curriculum system design focused on making graduates not only familiar with the organization process of the whole industrial chain of the civil engineering industry, but also proficient in the professional technology or management. The successful experience of theory teaching and practice teaching was popularized in the teaching process.

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    • The civil engineering program and analysis of teaching courses at Johns Hopkins University

      YUAN Huanxin, DU Xinxi, GUO Yaojie

      The Johns Hopkins University is regarded as the America’s first research university, and the elite education system for undergraduates is adopted in the Department of Civil Engineering, which has been accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET since 1936. In view of the current background of joining the international engineering alliance – Washington Accord and the requirements of civil engineering education accreditation, the introduction to the civil engineering undergraduate program and its objectives at Johns Hopkins University was presented, which was further compared with the program at Wuhan University. The teaching contents and methods of two professional courses – Perspectives on the Evolution of Structures and Structural Design II of Johns Hopkins University were described afterwards. Detailed discussions were provided by referring to the elite education system, the combined study and research mode and the professional practice, which could enable the quality enhancement of talent training. Further suggestions and thoughts were also presented to improve the international influence and recognition of the engineering education in China.

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    • Reformation and Practice of Applied Courses in Local Universities based on the OBE Concept——a Case of Foundation Engineering

      LI Yanlong, DU Shuting

      Reformation of application-oriented curriculum is the key work to build application-oriented colleges and universities. The OBE of results-oriented education centers on defining expected learning objectives -- achieving expected learning objectives -- and evaluating learning outcomes, which is conducive to the fundamental transformation of educational paradigm from "content-based" to "student-oriented". Firstly, the problems that need to be reformed in foundation engineering is analyzed and pointed out. Further, curriculum reform measures are given based on the OBE concept, including the design of teaching content, teaching method reform, curriculum evaluation reform and continuous improvement mechanism, etc. The design of teaching content should be guided by the engineering application, the reformation of teaching methods should take the student as the center, and curriculum evaluation should have the knowledge examination and the ability examination dual function. Finally, the practices of foundation engineering course are introduced. Course evaluation results, student satisfaction and third-party evaluation are the main basis for feedback and continuous improvement. Finally, the measures to improve teachers" practical ability and the compilation of application-oriented teaching materials are given. The proposed reform measures can be referred to other application-oriented universities.

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    • An analysis of the generation, realization and significance of the organic communalism"s thought

      Li LanYing, ChengQun

      An the basis of organic philosophy, the theory of organic Communalism also systematically answers the basic questions of organic Marxism about "the origin of the organic community, the purpose of value, the path of organic communalism realization and contemporary values." The formation of organic communalism recognizes the anti-ecological nature of the capitalist system itself, and believes that "modernity" thinking is the deep root cause of the ecological crisis. It is pointed out that the concern and reflection on the increasingly serious environmental and ecological problems is the direct cause of its thoughts. The core value of organic communalism suggests that its ultimate goal is to strive for universal harmony between humans, society and nature. The realization of organic communalism advocates the realization of the common well-being of man and nature through the construction of ecological civilization. The practical significance of organic communalism shows that the concept of organic community is conducive to building the community of shared future for mankind, achieving the cooperation and win-win of the entire human race and gradually moving towards ecological civilization.

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    • Discussion of innovative teaching method and practice on basic principle of concrete structures

      FENG Ran, LIU Jiarui

      Basic principle of concrete structures is the core compulsory course of Civil Engineering, which is also the basic major course taught at the early stage of major study for the students major in Civil Engineering. It is the foundation of almost all succeeding major courses, which is of great importance. A lot of teaching content is involved in this course, which related to a wide range of knowledge. However, the class hour of this course is quite limited, which make it difficult to teach. In order to accommodate the characteristics of this course, a series of innovative teaching methods are proposed to develop the study interests of students and solve the problems in the current teaching, including development of study interests, teaching modes, after-class guidance, bilingual teaching method and guidance on extra-curriculum activities. It is shown from the practice results of the innovative teaching method that the study and research interests of students were developed. The self-learning capability and professional English vocabulary of students were enhanced. The scope and developing trends of students were also broaden, which laid solid foundation for study, work and advanced training in the future.

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    • Teaching Practice Exploration on the Course of Seismic Design of Engineering in Applied Undergraduate Colleges

      RAN Lingling, DONG Yuan, LIANG Sen’ao

      The course of seismic design of engineering is an important core course of civil engineering. By analyzing the characteristics and problems in teaching courses, as well as the questionnaire survey of students, we can deeply understand the students "mastery of this course and combine the actual situation of this course, the teaching reform of this course is performed. The subject modular teaching is adopted to clarify the learning topics of each module, and the knowledge points of different modules are explained in detail to promote the rapid and high-quality absorption of students. With the help of modern new teaching methods, online and offline learning is carried out, and the content of other professional courses is infiltrated and integrated with the latest norms. At the same time, the case of deep fusion engineering allows students to understand the importance of seismic design, emphasizing theoretical connection with practice, deep analysis of classic cases, in-depth research on it, and the connection with textbook knowledge, divergent student thinking. It provides students with multi-angle knowledge vision and uses BIM numerical simulation to teach. Through students participating in the National college student structure design competition, combined with seismic knowledge points, keep pace with the times, so that students can master the knowledge of basic theory and understand the latest frontier technology and related theories of the earthquake-resistant industry. Students have a strong interest in learning, answer questions in the classroom and interactive discussions, so as to deeply understand the knowledge points of each chapter. The teaching effect is good, and it has a certain reference role for application-oriented undergraduate colleges.

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    • Research on teaching method combined of engineering experimental technology and theoretical knowledge

      YANG Pu, JIA Chuanguo, LIU Liping, ZHENG Nina, XIA Hongliu

      According to the properties of professional courses for Civil engineering, based on general existing problems during current course teaching, a new teaching approach combined of engineering experimental technology and theoretical knowledge is proposed and related effective measures about course content modification, selection of typical experimental projects, checking method and utilization of laboratory for teaching are found. Finally, taken a structural experiment and a specialized course as teaching examples, the efficiency of the proposed method in the paper is validated by experimental reports and discuss of students.

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    • Exploration and practice in the comprehensive evaluation model of talents with both ability and virtue

      Xiaodong Tong, Jinyu Lu, Hongxing Qiu, Jianmei Wang, Tian Zhang

      Cultivating talents with both ability and virtue is the fundamental task of Education. In view of the problems existing in the process of comprehensive evaluation and sequencing of talents, an improved sequencing method is proposed. It is more intuitive, concise and easier to operate than the traditional scoring and sequencing method. Combining with the weight assignments, the improved sequencing method can be expanded to the multi-factor comprehensive sequencing method. The scientificalness and effectiveness of the improved sequencing method has been verified through more than ten years of exploration, practice and continuous improvement.

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    • Exploration and Practice of “12345” Enterprise Practice System for Civil Engineering in Local Colleges and Universities—A Case Study on Specialty of Water Supply and Drainage Science and Engineering of Hebei Agricultural University

      Zhang Tiejian, Zhang Liyong, Guo Hua, Ren Yilei, Liu Junliang

      Based on an in-depth analysis of the specific requirements for enterprise practice and the main problems existing in the current enterprise practice teaching under the background of Emerging Engineering Education and First-Class Undergraduate Education construction, this study takes the specialty of water supply and drainage science and engineering of Hebei Agricultural University as an example to construct the “12345” enterprise practice system of civil engineering specialty in local colleges and universities. Then the study analyzes and summarizes the specific requirements and implementation methods of “one core, two types of subjects, three levels, four modes and five-element management”. The “12345” enterprise practice teaching system is implemented and practiced in the specific training process to test its implementation effect. Besides, practice contents, modes and methods are continuously improved according to the implementation effect feedback so as to provide reference for the establishment of high-level talents training system of first-class applied undergraduate education.

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    • Discussion on stimulation methods of learning interests for university students: case studies of teaching “Basic theory of reinforced concrete structure”

      WANG Bo, LI Hong, WU Tao

      Aiming at the problem that learning interests and motivation of some university students are not strong enough, the influence factors of learning interests were analyzed from the aspects of society, family, teacher and so forth. The subtle-type and direct action-type influence factors were proposed. On this basis, the principle of improving the learning interest was given, the stimulation method of learning interest for classroom teaching was discussed. Finally, the calculation of normal section flexural capacity of bending member in the course “Basic theory of reinforced concrete structure” was taken as an example to introduce the sorting logic of knowledge and to discuss the innovation of teaching mode and the application of new technique in the classroom teaching.

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    • More Practice,Break with Tradition, Exploring the Reform of Practical Training Simulator

      Yanglili, Wu Huayu

      At the dawn of the age of popularization of higher education, practical teaching is faced with new opportunities and challenges. This study revolves around the teaching reform of architecture specialty model making course in our university, discussing the reform ways of practical teaching of architectural education in universities. As one of the traditional skills training of Architecture major education, model experiment can help students more vividly experience the generation of space and the characteristics reflected by the construction and use of materials. On the one hand, it strengthen students" practical ability, on the other hand, it stimulate students" innovative thinking. However, the traditional experimental teaching mode is not updated in time, which makes the model experimental teaching nearly lose its original position in architecture courses, even more difficult to adapt to the new development requirements. This paper puts forward some specific reform schemes, which are helpful for other universities to learn from practical teaching reform.

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    • Discussion on multiple practical ability training mode for full-time professional degree postgraduates -- Taking the Architecture and Civil Engineering Field as an example

      JIANG Yajun, FU Haiying, ZHAO Jumei, GUO Chun, LENG Biao

      There are still some problems to be solved in the training of full-time professional degree graduate students in China, especially the training effect of students" practical ability is often limited. The paper focuses on the full-time graduate students of the Architecture and Civil Engineering field, discussed the components of the practical ability of full-time professional degree graduate students, analyzed and summarized the main methods of training practical ability, and established the corresponding training mode of practical ability in order to improve the training results of the full-time graduate students of the Architecture and Civil Engineering field.

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    • Reform and Discussion on the experimental teaching of Civil Engineering

      gouhongye, puqianhui, lixiaozhen, xiaolin

      As an important part of the talent training plan for colleges and universities, civil engineering experimental teaching is the key link for cultivating excellent civil engineers. At present, the curriculum system and laboratory management pattern of civil engineering experimental teaching is not perfect; the experimental teaching content is outdated and the students do not pay attention to experimental teaching. In view of this, the experimental teaching reform is very important. In view of the current situation and prominent problems in the experimental teaching of civil engineering, some teaching reform measures have been put forward, such as dividing experimental teaching level, constructing network experimental teaching platform and improving the experiment teaching syllabus. It is aimed at cultivating high-quality talents with practical ability, creative ability and satisfying social needs.

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    • Discussion on the Development Process and Training Measures of Professional Degree Graduates

      YIN Shiping, LIU Shuang, WANG Fei, LV Henglin

      Under the background of unpredictable globalization, the vigorous development of the professional degree graduate education has adapted to the development demands of the information era, injected positive energy into the development of the national economy, and constantly affected the future development of the country. According to the relevant policy introduced in recent years, the state's recognition of professional degree graduate education has been increasing, and the degree of emphasis has been continuously improved. The author mainly analyzes the general situation of the reform and development of professional degree postgraduate education in China. While summing up the results of the reform, the author analyzes some problems existing in the current professional degree graduate education in China, and gives corresponding suggestions to improve the professional degree graduate education system in China. Key words: professional degree master; reform; development; suggestions and measures.

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    • Training Paths of Innovation of Professional Degree Graduate Students Based on SEM

      He Shou kui

      Training innovative professional degree postgraduate is the urgent requirement of national implementation of innovation-driven development strategy. Combined with the current situation of engineering innovation ability of professional master graduate students, this paper uses the survey data of innovation ability of professional degree graduate students and structural equation model (SEM)to study the influencing factors of innovation ability and the action mechanism of related factors from three dimensions.The research shows that the external conditions of innovation ability have the greatest weight among the influencing factors of innovation ability, teaching factors and tutor ability are important factors, the input of funds is positively related to the quality of training management process, professional practice environment conditions are positively related to the degree of achievement of innovation goals,the incentive policy has a direct positive impact on the supporting conditions for scientific research, the performance evaluation system and psychological drive are the important elements of the motivation of innovation. Hope to put forward some suggestions:increase investment in the cultivation of innovative ability of professional master postgraduates and raise funds for talent cultivation in a diversified way,Perfect the professional practice training system for professional master postgraduates, scientifically set up professional practice projects, and actively cultivate a good practice environment,establish a long-term mechanism and assessment policy for innovative practice, and to improve the evaluation, supervision and management system for the cultivation of innovative talents.

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    • On the Strategy of Cultivating College Students' Innovative Ability from the Perspective of Field

      LI Jiu-jun

      Nanchang University has attracted much attention to the practice of innovation ability in talent training. Innovation ability is the superposition and coupling of management ability, professional ability, and expansion ability, and it is an ecosystem formed by the organic combination of overall functions. Taking the talent cultivation practice of Architecture Class 132 of Nanchang University as a case, this paper discusses the strategy and effect of innovation ability training from the perspective of the field and believes that the management ability field emphasizes the training of undergraduate class tutor system and critical thinking. General education and theoretical practice learning are important components of the professional ability field, while the discipline competition and research training programs and innovation entrepreneurship training programs are the propellers for expanding ability field. The results show that the strategy is centered on students and integrates scientific research into the classroom, tested in practice, which is conducive to cultivating students' critical thinking and innovative ability. In order to improve the training strategy of innovation ability, it is believed that multiple perspectives should be implanted to break the solidification and authoritative situation of existing knowledge, adhere to the vision of dynamic development, respond to the globalization of knowledge under New Information Age, create an inclusive support environment for college students Innovative ability to cultivate and create institutional guarantees.

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    • Research on Current Situation and Countermeasures about Morality-preferred and People-oriented Responsibilities of Postgraduate Tutor—— Take China University of Mining and Technology as an example

      ni guodong, wang wenshun, chen ping, gao funing, lv xiangqian, wang li

      On the basis of analyzing the concept and connotation of postgraduate tutor"s morality-preferred and people-oriented responsibilities, a seven-dimensional measurement scale of postgraduate tutor"s morality-preferred and people-oriented responsibilities is constructed through literature research and a survey questionnaire is compiled. Questionnaires are distributed and collected for all kinds of graduate students in China University of Mining and Technology, the data are analyzed by SPSS and AMOS software, and the reliability and validity of the measurement scale is tested. From different perspectives, the current situation of implementing postgraduate tutor"s morality-preferred and people-oriented responsibilities are analyzed. The results show that the implementation situation of postgraduate tutor"s morality-preferred and people-oriented responsibilities in China University of Mining and Technology is generally good, but ideological and political quality, social responsibility and humanistic care about postgraduates need to be further strengthened. Finally, This paper puts forward some countermeasures to strengthen postgraduate tutor"s morality-preferred and people-oriented responsibilities.

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    • The Quaternity Teaching Innovation of Construction Technology Courses Based on Knowledge Construction of Students

      guandongzhi, Lu Jinyu, zhu mingliang, guo zhengxing

      As the undergraduate education is increasingly paid attention to and the education idea is changing, it is necessary to reform the courses of civil engineering construction technology. Based on the education idea of knowledge construction, the Quaternity Teaching system was established and the whole teaching procedure was formed in this paper. The basic construction knowledge was combined with the real engineering project, the theoretical teaching in classrooms was combined with the real experience in construction sites, virtual construction technology was combined with teaching knowledge, knowledge construction of students was combined with framework guidance of teachers. The interaction between students and multi-study-resource was emphasized. Students were promoted to construct the knowledge system of civil engineering construction technology by themselves.

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    • Inheritance, Integration and Innovation: An Analysis of Tokyo Tech International Joint Urban Design Workshop

      Li Minzhi, Zhao Xiaoying

      With the acceleration of globalization, international exchanges and teaching cooperation between universities have become increasingly frequent. Especially in the field of architecture disciplines, it is very common to carry out joint design teaching with urban design as a multi-disciplinary, cross-over, open and inclusive topic, which has become an important way to explore urban design education and professional talents. Tokyo Tech international joint urban design workshop with a long history. Among them, Tokyo Institute of Technology, tongji university, southeast university and south China university of technology are the core members. Each year, another university (usually the university in the city where the design base is located) is invited, based on the teaching traditions and characteristics of each school, teachers and students around the real city market area, from the perspective of urban design and architectural renewal, for a total of three stages, three weeks of teamwork training of urban design.The process emphasizes the collision and game of different concepts, the expansion and innovation of design thinking, and the improvement of design expression ability. Based on personal experience and results, this paper explores the academic exchanges and development paths of Tokyo Institute of Technology and South China University of Technology, summarizes and compares the similarities and differences between the design objectives, methods and characteristics of urban design teaching in various universities, and proposes the teaching reform and innovation of urban design. The conception provides a diversified perspective for the current development of urban design education in China.

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    • Discussion on the construction path of

      LU Zheng, LIN Jiali

      Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, colleges and universities have continuously innovated the ideological and political education of college students and created a new stage in the development of China"s higher education. However, how to practice the thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era into textbooks, classrooms and minds, and effectively promote the integration of professional education and ideological and political education, is the focus and difficulty of the current ideological and political education reform in colleges and universities. By excavating the moral education elements contained in the civil engineering profession, taking the reform of the general course of the “Construction Engineering Laws” as an example, study the construction path of "course ideology" in civil engineering major and put forward several suggestions for further exploring the reform of ideological and political education construction in civil engineering specialty: 1. Combine the course characteristics, focus on the reform of teaching mode and the innovation of teaching methods, and concretize the content of ideological and political education; 2. Emphasize implicit education and give full play to teachers" value leading role of affecting students spontaneously and silently; 3. Improve students" self-knowledge and cultivate their consciousness of studying politics consciously.

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    • Exploration on the Refined Evaluation Model of Production Practice Teaching

      liuchao

      Production internship is a bridge for civil engineering students to move from theoretical study to engineering internship. The traditional production internship mode has some problems and needs new mode . This study explores the application of new media means to carry out refined evaluation. Through the use of refined evaluation models in production internship teaching, the principles, implementation and effects of refined evaluation are studied, and through survey feedback, the advantages and disadvantages of refined evaluation models are analyzed and suggestion are proposed.

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    • Reform and exploration of rain classroom practice in structural mechanics course of agricultural colleges and universities

      HUANG Jianfeng, MIAO Lichuan, YANG Song, LONG Liyan

      With the background of engineering education certification and new engineering background, the reform and exploration of structural mechanics course of water conservancy and civil engineering specialty in agricultural colleges and universities. Combining with the preliminary application practice of intelligent teaching tool rain classroom in the course teaching, through presenting preview materials and prestigious school video, in-class PPT synchronous learning and classroom testing, after-class pushing homework and communication and feedback between teachers and students, etc. These can help teachers to teach accurately. Practical results show that the scores of the first final exam of hydraulic engineering specialty in the past two years have been significantly improved compared with those of the traditional teaching mode, which shows that the rain classroom has achieved certain results in the mixed teaching of structural mechanics. Although there are still some drawbacks in the teaching of structural mechanics in rainy classroom at present, through gradual improvement in teaching in the future, teachers should ultimately explore how to combine rainy classroom teaching with the learning characteristics of engineering students in agricultural colleges, aiming at students" learning benefits. This kind of wisdom teaching in the era of big data can provide reference for the teaching reform of relevant mechanics courses.

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    • Construction and practice of interactive learning system based on mobile terminals

      zhengxunzhen

      With the rapid development of science and information technology, the traditional mechanics classroom and teaching methods have been greatly impacted. The teaching method of mechanics should follow the development of science and technology, and the reform of mechanics teaching must be carried out.Taking engineering mechanics course as an example,which is a very important basic course for many engineering majors ,this paper points out the position and importance of this course in professional talent training program.According to the author"s years of teaching experience and summarizing the problems existing in the teaching practice of engineering mechanics course under the traditional teaching mode, the paper introduces the construction process of interactive mobile learning system based on learning mobile application, a hybrid teaching mode of "classroom teaching + application of interactive mobile learning system" is proposed, and undertake to the student satisfaction survey and teaching effect validation after the practice,,points out the advantages and disadvantages of such a hybrid method of teaching,provides reference for the teaching reform of mechanics course in universities.

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    • A Study on the Improvement of Teaching Competence of Basic General Courses from the Perspective of Supply and Demand Matching --Taking XX University as an Example

      Huang Lu

      The first year of college life is the fundamental stage of undergraduate education, and Basic General Courses (BGC) in which is strictly significant, so the teaching competence of BGC is under intense attention. Based on the Learning-Centered concept, teaching should directly facilitate learning, the supply from teachers should match the demand of students. Based on the characteristics of BGC, a framework is established. A questionnaire according to the framework finds that there is a cognition gap between the students and the teachers. The reasons of deviation were analyzed and the appropriated paths of rectification were discussed.

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    • Taking Students as the Foremost ---the Core Principle of Financing and Using Funds in American Higher Education

      You Zhensheng, Ruan Xiaohong

      The United States of America is one of the countries with the most developed higher education system, and its mode of financing can be a model in the world. Universities in America are always trying to explore diversified sources of financing. Meanwhile, they persist in the core principle of taking students as the foremost, in the whole process of financing and using the funds. Federal, state and local government appropriations centered on meeting students’ needs of development. The revenue from voluntary social supporters attaches great importance to ensure the quality of students. In addition, the funds raised through their own efforts place great emphasis on promoting students’ professional development. In face of the reality of educational fund shortage, it is of great importance for us to explore the factors underlying the successful practice in financing and using funds in American higher education and provide a referential example for the ongoing reforms in China.

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    • Reform and Discussion on the experimental teaching of Civil Engineering

      gouhongye, puqianhui, lixiaozhen, xiaolin

      As an important part of the talent training plan for colleges and universities, civil engineering experimental teaching is the key link for cultivating excellent civil engineers. At present, the curriculum system and laboratory management pattern of civil engineering experimental teaching is not perfect; the experimental teaching content is outdated and the students do not pay attention to experimental teaching. In view of this, the experimental teaching reform is very important. In view of the current situation and prominent problems in the experimental teaching of civil engineering, some teaching reform measures have been put forward, such as dividing experimental teaching level, constructing network experimental teaching platform ,improving the experiment teaching syllabus and opening computer course. It is aimed at cultivating high-quality talents with practical ability, creative ability and satisfying social needs.

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    • Diversified Assessment Practice Supplemented with the Multiple Complementary Teaching Methods of Graduates: Taking the Course of Building Energy Efficiency Technology as an Example

      Wang Fang, Wang Haiyan, Wang Yanling, Wang Zhaojun

      The way of curriculum assessment is closely related to the quality of teaching, assessment mode can affect graduates’ learning style. This paper puts forward the goal and orientation of graduate teaching and learning, explores the comprehensive application of multi-complementary teaching model and supplemented multiple assessment, in order to promote the truly implementation of multiple complementary "teaching" and "learning" modes and test their effects. Taking the course of building energy efficiency technology as an example, it is a beneficial practice for the teaching reform of engineering graduate education, to highlight the changes of teachers’ teaching methods and students’ learning style, to fully implement diversified assessment, to promote the development of students’ multiple intelligences, to pay attention to the cultivation of thinking habits, and to improve their autonomous learning and innovation ability. Designed to take advantage of a brief graduate education in university, to help graduate students to establish long-term goal towards direction and methodology of interests.

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    • Thoughts on PBL Teaching Reform in Civil Engineering from the Perspective of Students

      zhangnaiyuan, caoyonghong

      Abstract: Classroom teaching is one of the main forms of teaching in domestic colleges and universities. However, the traditional classroom teaching pattern, where teachers give lectures throughout while students keep listening passively, has led to some visible problems. For example, it can be hard for undergraduates to ensure the quality of assimilating knowledge in class. Some students can forget the content of courses rapidly because of an inadequate command of it. Besides, the traditional pattern can result in undergraduates’ lack of initiative on learning as well as their failure to arouse interest in studies or creative thinking. According to the feedback on students’ learning experience and internal needs in Chongqing University, college teachers can arouse students’ initiative by adopting a teaching pattern satisfying students’ own needs and introducing practical problems to motivate students to study. The Problem-Based Learning (PBL) pedagogy meets the requirements above exactly. When implementing PBL teaching model in the class of civil engineering, college teachers are supposed to design appropriate problems which satisfy undergraduates’ motivation to study, i.e. their needs for a successful career. Some teaching strategies are also needed to motivate students to participate in the class actively.

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    • Design and construction of international student communication organization platform system for new civil engineering construction

      Shen Yang, Rui Xiaoxi, Wang Lu

      Confronted with the new technology and new economy, it is necessary and urgent for the civil engineering specialty to upgrade to new Emerging Engineering Education from a traditional engineering major. In order to promote training system for new talents in the field of civil engineering, a unique professional organization communication platform was built up by College of Civil and Transportation Engineering of Hohai University which is based on principle of discipline integration and cross-border cooperation. This platform that is known as ASCE-ISG Hohai University branch, consisting of international organization, international annual meeting, lecture system and three high system, is built on the thesis of comprehensive development of people, modern cognitive learning, constructivism, career development and etc. It can stimulate potential of student and promote construction of Emerging Engineering Education.

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    • Exploration on BIM CurriculumSystem Construction of Water Supply and Drainage Science&Engineering

      Zhang Shengnan, gaozhanwang, wubei

      The domestic BIM education system for engineering management and civil engineering had been increasingly improved, but the BIM education for mechanical and electrical majors such as water supply and drainage started late, and employers are in urgent need of BIM mechanical and electrical talents.Based on the experience of BIM technology education in domestic colleges and universities, the classification of BIM course system of water supply and drainage major was established. In order to cultivate basic BIM talents, courses such as BIM application technology and BIM case analysis were set in the original training plan, and BIM technology was integrated into the original professional course teaching, At the same time, BIM software operation was added into the practical course system.For senior BIM talents, after learning basic courses, improvement training will be conducted to enable students to master the current mainstream BIM application management software. Meanwhile, students will be encouraged to participate in BIM competitions and students with strong abilities will be provided 3+1 off-campus cooperative enterprise practice opportunities.Through the implementation of graded BIM curriculum system, a large number of BIM comprehensive applied talents have been trained for the society and enterprises, which can be used for reference in the training of BIM talents for construction equipment majors.

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    • Research on the Deep Learning and Teaching Strategy of Basic Theory Course in Lower Grades under the Background of Major Admissions

      Fu Ya

      With the aim of improving the quality of "teaching" and "learning" in the basic course of undergraduate education, this paper analyzes the development of undergraduate junior professional education in recent years. And in the new situation, the target of talent training changes and the corresponding measures. Based on the research and application of the deep learning method, this paper studies the teaching strategy of applying the deep learning method, and summarizes the reform and experience in the teaching process. It also explores and plans the ideas of teaching reform using deep learning methods in the future.

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    • Research on SPOC-based Flipped Classroom Blended Teaching Model

      He Xin-yi, Zhang Xiao-hong, Luo Shi-jian, Zhao Ming-da

      Taking blended learning and flipped classroom instructional mode as the theoretical framework, this study presents a flipped classroom teaching mode based on self-developed SPOC(small private online course) and applied it to a university-based scientific translation course. Online teaching resources design, teaching process design and assessment design were devised and practiced. Then, qualitative data analysis of the learners’ interview and proved that the SPOC-based flipped classroom designs are highly recognized by the students. Besides, it showed that the integration of SPOC-based flipped classroom teaching and blended learning supported by information technology can enhance students’ interest in learning and lead to better collaborative learning as well.

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    • Analysis of the whole process application of BIM in project valuation teaching

      QIN Ya-wei, YU Qun-zhou, SUN Jun, ZHONG Jing-bing

      In view of the current project evaluation in China and the problems in its curriculum teaching, it is proposed to introduce the Building Information Model (BIM) into the engineering valuation curriculum. Aiming at the problems existing in the current engineering evaluation of BIM teaching, the overall reform ideas of engineering evaluation BIM teaching are elaborated from three aspects: teaching goal reform, BIM and valuation course teaching integration, new teaching index evaluation system and BIM teaching resource input. Then it introduced the teaching reform method, teaching plan and main measures based on BIM from three aspects: evaluation theory course teaching, course case teaching, comprehensive course design practice teaching, etc. Finally, this paper compares the performance and characteristics of mainstream BIM cost software at home and abroad, and combines the characteristics of engineering valuation with the actual needs of the engineering community, and proposes to apply BIM technology in the whole process of engineering valuation, including investment. Estimation, design budget, construction drawing budget, completion settlement and final accounting stage, envisaged the training of comprehensive system valuation ability, and explored the teaching methods and techniques at each stage.

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    • Research on internationalization path of education in guangdong higher education under the background of

      wuzhi, fanqi

      How to make use of the opportunity period of "One Belt And One Road" initiative to break through the bottleneck of its own development and go international is the top priority of guangdong higher education. Based on SWOT analysis, this paper points out the internal advantages and disadvantages of the internationalization development of higher education in guangdong province under the background of "One Belt And One Road" initiative, and puts forward the following points on the basis of opportunities and challenges faced by the outside world. Second, increase the government scholarship, optimize the "One Belt And One Road" scholarship allocation rules; Third, enhance the strength of colleges and universities and carry out high-quality sino-foreign education cooperation; Fourth, combining the characteristics of colleges and universities, the development of differentiated talent attraction strategy; Fifth, make full use of the guangdong-hong kong-macao greater bay area to build an international higher education center; Sixth, jointly build the vocational education alliance and create the "One Belt And One Road" characteristic brand.

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    • A research on the construction mode of characteristic practice teaching base under the background of

      lingxiaoming

      In recent years, the party and the government to make solid progress in?national cyber development strategy, constantly improving system mechanism of network information work, strengthening talent team and party building in the field of network information, etc. Under the background of the universities have not set up the majors of “Network Information”, “Public Opinion”, “Network Security”?generally, how to grasp the market changes in the demand of local emerging professionals, to cultivate the shortage of professional talents in line with industry characteristics have become a major issue for the government and universities. This paper intends to analyze the problems existing in the training of public opinion professionals in universities, based on the problem research and construction industry characteristics of the practice teaching base model and summarizes the feasibility of model promotion through the exploration of Chongqing University’s practice, to provid the mode innovation and practice path for the joint training of national public opinion talents.

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    • Discussion on the Reform of Civil Engineering Experimental Teaching System Guided by the Concept of Engineering Education Certification

      Wu Qiao-yun, Li Ren-zhi

      From the current situation of civil engineering experimental teaching center of Wuhan Institute of Technology, taking the idea of the civil engineering professional assessment (certification) as the guideline, analyzing the problems that exist in the experimental system at present. According to the requirements of the current situations of higher education training in China and the civil engineering professional assessment (certification), the experimental teaching system is comprehensively demonstrated from various aspects such as the teaching management system, the modern experimental system and the construction of the off-campus practice base. Then the solutions of referred problems are proposed which aims at developing comprehensive and innovative talents for the society. At the same time, under the existing experimental teaching system, combined with the development of civil engineering disciplines, the construction plan of the “One subject, three virtual imitation” future virtual and real teaching system are proposed. From the personal training program, the teaching system reform, and the development of civil engineering, this article elaborates on the far-reaching significance of the experimental teaching system, shows the basic framework of the “One subject, three virtual imitation” experimental system and provides several references and suggestions for others to reform experimental teaching center.

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    • Study on the teaching reform of engineering management specialty based on the program of Emerging Engineering Education

      QIN Ya-wei, SUN Jun, YU Qun-zhou, zhong jing bing

      The construction of Emerging Engineering Education is an important measure for China's higher engineering education to cope with the scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation brought by a new round of modern artificial intelligence and other technologies, and has begun to enter the implementation stage .. The current construction industry is in a critical period of transformation, upgrading and modernization. The industry is in urgent need of a large number of innovative engineering management talents,so that traditional engineering management disciplines are facing various challenges and opportunities. On the basis of summarizing the current teaching situation and main problems of Engineering Management Specialty Faced with the latest needs of the construction industry, it was analyzed that the characteristics, main training objectives, technical routes and main work under program of Emerging Engineering Education. And it was also discussed that the teaching reform related to the major from five aspects: interdisciplinary integration of professional curriculum and knowledge system optimization, professional teacher capacity building, innovation of teaching methods,improvement of teaching effect of professional and technical courses, construction of professional teaching materials resources and construction of innovative practice platforms. The aim is to improve the comprehensive quality and innovation ability of students majoring in engineering management by a large margin.

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    • Investigation on Construction and Reform of Civil Engineering under the Background of

      FAN Shenggang, Liu Meijing

      The necessity and urgency of promoting the construction and development of civil engineering with the concept of "new engineering" were pointed out in this paper. The transformation of management mode, the construction of "new engineering", the accreditation system of engineering education and the development of the discipline, as well as the talent fostering in the new era were analyzed. The traditional teaching concept of talents fostering focuses more on theory than on practice, it should be changed for the construction and reform of civil engineering. The construction of "double-qualified" teachers should be strengthened, and the school-enterprise cooperation is actively expand. The construction of training platform inside and outside the school is further promote, and the discipline competition mechanism is improved. The professional knowledge is popularized by the Internet, and the professional reform is comprehensively deepened. Finally, a talent fostering mode is built, which can meet the needs of the industry.

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    • Exploration on Mode of Cultivation Talents of Applied Safety EngineeringProfessionals in Local Universities

      WANG Shengcheng, JIANG Hui, ZHU Jiong, LU Ligang, ZHANG Zhen

      In order to improve the training quality and competitiveness of applied safety engineering professionals in local colleges and universities, this paper analyzes the training mode of domestic and foreign safety engineering professionals and concludes that the industry characteristics are very important to the training of applied safety engineering professionals. Combining with the social needs and the characteristics of local colleges and universities of Xuzhou Institute of Engineering, the training mode and curriculum system of safety engineering professionals with "one main line, two abilities, three levels, four platforms and five modules" were established, which ensured the comprehensive training of safety engineering professionals"knowledge, ability and quality. The exploration of the training mode of applied safety engineering professionals guided by the characteristics of the construction industry shows that the employment rate of graduates is 100% and the competitiveness index is 96%. It shows the feasibility and superiority of this mode and has a strong reference significance for the training of applied safety engineering professionals in local colleges and universities.

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    • Practice of A New Teaching Procedure Similar to Flipped Classroom Featured Identity Transformation in Project Management Course

      Cao Yonghong, Zhang Naiyuan

      Flipped classroom has been a hot means in teaching activities of universities in the recent years. Its utilization, however, is obstructed to some degree since both the teacher and the students have to spend much more time than that in the traditional classroom. A new procedure similar to flipped classroom was put forward in this paper, which features identity transformation to aim at stimulating interest of studying for the students. The practice of the new method in project management showed good results, and so provided reference value for the teaching reform of civil engineering specialty.

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    • Application of the visual reality and 3D printing technology in geotechnical engineering teaching

      WANGPeitao, REN Fenhua, CAI Meifeng

      Geotechnical engineering (GE) is a disipline with a tight combination of theory and practice. The GE contains many complex stereometric aspects, such as slope engineering, undergound engineering, engineeering rock mass. Traditional two-dimentinal teaching could not give an efficiently introduction. The mentioned contents can not be easilily accepted by the students. To solve the problem, a “Virtuality-Reality” teaching approach and platform combining the virtual reality and 3D printing technique was proposed and practiced. It was found that the proposed teaching method could stimulate the learning interest of students. The students could learn about the complex structures about GE in an easy and safe circumstance, which solved the negative issues such as high cost, long period or potential danger. By using the 3D printing technique, the teaching quality of GE was effectively improved and the abilities of practice and innovative of students were also cultivated. The proposed teaching approach can also provide a efficient platform for extra-curricular innovative activities with the requirement of new engineering construction, which make a better collaboration of teaching and scientific research.

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    • Exploration of Ideological and Political Education

      Zhang Yong, FU Jun

      Through the understanding of the meaning and connotation of the curriculum ideological and political affairs, this paper explores how to carry out the curriculum ideological and political construction work for civil engineering Specialty. Taking BIM Technology and Application as the object, it analyzes the transformation of professional teachers" ideological consciousness and working ability. It discusses that the content, step and method of ideological and political resource construction, conducts an in-depth analysis of case “Chasm Hotel”, discusses the evaluation method of the result of the course ideological education and finally concludes the corresponding conclusion.

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    • Urban Planning Project Teaching of Instrumental Rationality——Illustrated by Case of Coastal City Spatial Quantitative Analysis Project

      XIAO Yan, CAI Jun, LIU Lian-lian

      The new data environment has led to the new paradigm and research technology in the field of architecture and urban planning, and spatial quantitative analysis has become an important part of urban planning and design process. It requires improving the teaching system and mode, so as to train students’ instrumental rational thinking. Urban planning project teaching ways for theSnewSperiod is illustrated by case of coastal city spatial quantitative analysis project, from aspects of teaching purpose, teaching content, and case selection criteria. Starting with the basic training quantitative cognition and technology, the paper discusses the teaching methods of urban planning project teaching in new data environment, so as to provide reference for the improvement characteristic urban planning teaching.

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    • Discussion on TDC teaching mode of

      ZHUANG Xiaomin

      Landscape architecture as a sunrise major has faced unprecedented opportunities and challenges under the background of 19th CPC National Congress and new normal as well as the impact of social environment and students" personality in the new era.The paper explores the TDC teaching mode of in architecture colleges based on the cultivating students" correct view of major and put forward the theaching of "theory - design - onstruction" in order to improve students" interest in active learning then make full use of all kinds of resources to achieve "innovation and entrepreneurship" education.

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    • Practice teaching system urban underground space engineering based on the concept of collaborative education——Taking Guangdong University of Technology as an example

      LIU Yong-jian

      Urban underground space engineering is one of the special professions of professional catalogues. Due to the short opening time, the phenomenon of heavy theory and light practice directly affects the quality of talent training. On the basis of investigating the problems faced by new professional practice teaching for urban underground space, Guangdong University of Technology takes advantage of regional economic development to cultivate application-oriented innovative underground space engineers, integrates various teaching resources inside and outside the school, and implements teaching reform and innovation of cooperative education. A series of measures were adopted, including a four-year continuous practical teaching system, a multi-level practical teaching platform, a practical teaching model combining engineering simulation and practice, diversified scientific and technological activities and innovative experiments. Innovation education is integrated into the whole process of talent cultivation, and comprehensively enhances the engineering practice ability and innovation ability of college students.

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    • Practice and Construction of Virtual Simulation ExperimentalTeaching Center for Civil Engineering and Architecture

      Pang Rui, Wang Lu, Chen Guixiang, Xu Qikeng, Ding Yonggang, Xiao Zhaoran

      The Virtual Simulation Experimental Teaching Center of Civil Engineering and Architecture of Henan University of Technology focuses on serving undergraduate teaching, aims at cultivating innovative consciousness and capability of students, and adheres to the characteristics of granary construction. It combines experimental teaching with scientific research and engineering practice to the construction of the three level of Civil Engineering and Architecture by the technology of virtual reality(VR), computer network and multimedia. It also renews the idea of virtual simulation experiment teaching, enhances students" innovative spirit and practical ability, and provides rich and efficient virtual simulation resources for undergraduate experimental teaching, practical training, foreign aid training, international exchange and cooperation.

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    • “3W3E” teaching method for structural mechanics

      CHENG Bin, XIANG Sheng

      Considering the wide-ranging, abstract, theoretical, and flexible contents of structural mechanics in civil engineering, a teaching method named “3W3E” is proposed by taking the modular knowledge units as clues. In “3W3E” teaching method, six modules of Why, What, How, Evolution, Examples, and Engineering are adopted, by which the significance, basic concepts, analysis procedures, historical developments, calculation training, and engineering applications of the knowledge point or approach are respectively introduced. The proposed method has the distinct characteristics of progressive levels, emphasized contents, and complementary functions. Practices show that the “3W3E” teaching method can improve the learning initiative of students so that the abstract knowledge can be well understood, and can help students to apply the problem-solving skills more proficiently and to widen their engineering cognition.

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    • Analysis of Computer Graphics and Hand Drawing in Landscape Architecture Design Courses

      XU YA, ZHANG GE JUAN, CHEN XIAO YU

      This paper analyzes the use of computer graphics and hand drawings in landscape architecture design courses in universities across the country and the reasons. "Comfort" was the most common reason for hand-drawn respondents, while computer graphics respondents chose "time saving" as the reason. Most computer graphics respondents draw some hand-drawn drawings before completing the final design. The hand-drawn respondents will not use the computer to draw part of the drawings before completing the final design draft. The number of drawings between hand-drawn or computer-drawn respondents was equal at different stages of the design process, meaning both types of respondents still followed the same design process. Most of respondents who use the software find it very useful and helpful to improve the overall design quality.

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    • Review of Engineering Ethics Education Research Status Based on Knowledge Graph

      ZhongBotao, WuHaitao, TaoChanjuan, LuoHanbin, SunJun

      Engineering ethics education is an indispensable part of higher engineering education reform. The research on engineering ethics education gets more attention under the background of “New engineering” and the construction of “Beautiful China”. Based on the knowledge graph, with the support of metrological visualization tool, this article analyzes 184 research articles collected in CNKI. Through documents co-citation network and keywords co-occurrence network, this paper points out the theoretical basis, hot topics, and development trends in this domain, and summarizes the features of domestic research. It has three features: “seriously affected by policies”, “gradually refined research content”, and “imperfect curriculum education system and education method”. Finally, this paper proposed some suggestion to facilitate the engineering ethics education in term of country, society, and universities.

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    • Virtual Reality Applied to Chinese Ancient Architecture Education

      Zhang Jie, CHEN Heng-xin, WANG Jia-hui

      In recent years, virtual reality technology has become increasingly mature and has gradually been applied in the field of education. In order to optimize the education mode and practice education reform, the article uses virtual reality technology to design and implement a bucket arch culture experiential teaching application for the famous ancient architecture Foguang Temple. The components of the bucket arch has the characteristics of high complexity and difficulty in distinguishing. Because of the immersive, interactive, and imaginative advantages of virtual reality, architectural students can participate in the process of bucket arch construction in the virtual environment. The results of student participation show that the bucket arch learning virtual reality platform is higher than the traditional learning mode in interest and knowledge retention. It reveals the effectiveness of virtual reality in the field of ancient architecture education and has positive significance for inheriting ancient Chinese architectural culture.

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    • Study on the Revulsive Mechanism and Strategy of Architectural Universities BIM Information Technology Educational Innovation

      Teng Jiaying, Wang Wan, Wang Xiaojing, Gao Yang

      This paper takes BIM information technology application as education innovation of architectural universities, and makes a research of the BIM revulsive mechanism in four aspects: education technical support, innovative resources network, teachers’ teaching ability and absorptive capacity of students, 24 induction factors are taken into consideration. The Structural Equation Model (AMOS) used to reveal the inter-relationships among those factors and used to construct a revulsive model of BIM information technology educational innovation, and then crucial revulsive path and 13 crucial revulsive factors are proposed. Results suggest that education technical support and absorptive capacity of students separately has maximum direct and total effects on BIM information technology education innovative behavior. Finally, the appropriation revulsive strategies are proposed. This study provide model and practice guidance for improving the architectural universities BIM Information Technology Innovation.

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    • Teaching Reform and Practice on the Whole Process of Course Design in Geotechnical Engineering

      LIANG Fayun, Wang Chen, Qian Jiangu

      Aiming at the reform demand of practical teaching in civil engineering, the teaching idea and course construction scheme of the whole course design of geotechnical engineering are put forward. The whole process of course design includes four modules, namely investigation of Geotechnical Engineering, excavation engineering, ground treatment, and pile foundation design. Meanwhile, the university-industry cooperation combined with practical project was established, and a comprehensive evaluation system of innovative and practical ability was built. Through the training of whole teaching process, the undergraduates can develop their skills of computing, analyzing and designing for typical Geotechnical cases, improve the ability to apply knowledge wisely, and acquire the capability of design philosophy expression, communication, and corporation. Practical teaching has proved that the whole course design has achieved good results in the teaching process of course design, during which the learning and practice ability of students were improved.

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    • Improving the Innovative Ability of Students Majoring in Civil Engineering by Innovative Thinking Training

      PU Wuchuan, GU Qian, FENG Zhongren

      In the traditional application-oriented training of civil engineering professionals, the graduates are required to have solid professional skills and rigorous, conservative and accurate thinking habits. In the new era, the transformation needs of civil engineering industry put forward higher and higher requirements for graduates" innovative thinking ability. Thinking is the premise of innovation, and high-quality thinking is the basis of innovation achievements. Civil engineering students generally have strong thinking patterns and are difficult to recognize their own weaknesses. Improving their thinking habits is very important to improve their innovative ability. Based on the teaching practice of civil engineering innovation course offered by our university, this paper analyses the needs of innovative ability, explores the thinking characteristics of civil engineering students, and expounds the necessity of offering innovative thinking and innovative ability training courses. Combining with the teaching practice, the composition and significance of the teaching content of the course are explained and discussed.

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    • Exploration on the building of Undergraduate Major course 《Foundation Engineering》under the New Civil Engineering Era

      Cao Zhi-gang, Ma Li, Hong Yi, Guo Zhen, Li Ling-ling

      《Foundation Engineering》is the core course for civil engineering undergraduate students. In the new era, basic engineering has been developed and applied to the fields such as ocean engineering, transportation engineering, energy and environmental protection. The traditional teaching content did not cover the new challenges in these areas. At the same time, students nowadays are proactive and active, and object to the traditional forced-feeding method of teaching. Based on these new challenges mentioned above, combined with the author"s recent teaching practice in Zhejiang University, the paper explored the building of the "Foundation Engineering" curriculum. From the aspects of teaching content, teaching concept, teaching methods and assessment methods of the course, the main innovative measures are: (1) Expanding the teaching content to the "Foundation Engineering" to the ocean, transportation, energy and environmental protection, etc. (2) Introducing the “scenario-stimulated teaching model” to fully mobilize the subjective initiative of students in the new era and improve students" participation in curriculum and engineering practice. The course is designed to cultivate civil engineers with new vision, solid foundation and strong practical ability in the new era of China.

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    • Research and practice on diversified assessment method for postgraduate students in HVAC based on effective learning drive

      WANG Zhao-jun, LIU Jing, ZHOU Zhi-gang, ZHANG Chen-hu, WANG Fang

      The basic, professional basic and professional courses are offered for postgraduate students in HVAC in Harbin Institute of Technology. The diversified assessment methods are put forward in accordance with the characteristics of different types of courses. Besides process management is enhanced in teaching process. The curriculum assessment contains various ways, such as "final examination + course paper + report defense", "final examination + reading assessment + review paper + case paper + questions + discussion", "final examination + research report + plus score", "on-line practice + research report", course paper + course practice + case defense". The diversified assessment methods discussed in this paper have been applied to teaching reform of HVAC discipline. It can certainly provide a reference for the postgraduate courses assessment reform of other engineering field.

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    • Practice and Discuss of Blended Teaching Mode Based on Rain Classroom

      WU An-jie, WANG Quan-ming

      With the deepened advancement of educational information, the rain classroom has been introduced, which endows the blended teaching with richer connotation, and further promotes the teaching reform in Colleges and universities. Blended teaching mode based on rain classroom integrates network information technology into traditional teaching process, which can realize the organic combination of dual-channel teaching including The application of rain classroom in undergraduate course teaching of science and engineering has remarkable effect in solving such problems as tedious classroom, large amount of notes, heavy task of correcting homework, formality of assessment, difficulty of quantification, and contradictions between less teaching hours and more content of courses, more students in class and lack of interaction between teachers and students. But in practice, there are still many problems: for example, excessive reliance on the network and smart phones and other equipment, the speed of the network, expensive traffic fee, and the quality of smart phones will directly affect the user experience, which is more prominent in the underdeveloped western universities, and extra energy input of teachers and teaching-hour subsidy do not match, resulting in weaken the enthusiasm of blended teaching. It is recommended to gradually improve from technical and institutional guarantees to truly promote education reform.

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    • Current Situation and Development Prospect of Urban Underground Space Engineering Major

      JIANG Yajun, ZHOU Xiaojun, YAN Qixiang, YU Li, GUO Chun

      The major of Urban Underground Space Engineering in China is rapidly developing, and the universities offering this major have grown rapidly in recent years. This paper analyzed the attributes, geographical distribution, subject’s background and enrollment scale of the major based upon the investigation of the domestic universities. Then introduced the main points of the national standard of major teaching quality. By investigating university samples, this paper introduced the characteristics of professional knowledge curriculum system and the publication of professional textbooks in domestic universities, and introduced the establishment of relevant teaching guidance institutions and the development of major construction in China. On this basis, a brief prospect was made for the development of Urban Underground Space Engineering major.

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    • Exploration and practice of architectural education in Anhui Province under the concept of synergy

      yanmin, lizao

      Architecture education in contemporary China exists unbalanced development.Based on the concept of synergy development, the common progress of regional architectural education is the key to improve the level of national architectural education.Taking the development of Architectural Education in Colleges and universities in Anhui province for the past 60 years as the research object ,combined with the demand for talents training in Anhui Province ,the concept of “synergy development” for local architecture education is put forward. It summarizes the reform and practice of the synergy development of Architectural Education in Anhui in recent years, and puts forward the prospect for future development.,in order to give some enlightenment to the development of architectural professional education in underdeveloped areas.

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    • Undergraduate engineering program should aim at education for engineers

      Chen Yiyi, Zhang Weiping

      There is vagueness for the education object in Civil Engineering Program. It is stated that the engineer education should be as the core objective of engineering program. In this paper the classification of engineering activities according to their complexity and the corresponding education tracks defined by International Engineering Alliance are discussed. It is suggested that the key issue of the undergraduate engineering education must be the ability to solve complex engineering problems for the substantial equivalence of program accreditation internationally; the ability shall be developed step by step, and thus the curriculum and course can be provided rationally. For the outcomes based education, the academic staff should enhance their engineering experience and promote the teaching ability.

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    • Discussion on the practice of multi-dimensional cross-border interactive teaching innovation

      zhang jigang, zheng lihong, li yunzhang, chou guozhen, yang jie

      The choice of teaching methods directly affects the loss of knowledge in the process of transfer and accumulation, affecting the breakthrough and development of the industry's technical level and theoretical research results. The simple teaching method has always been a criticism of the education sector. This article combines the teaching practice of "2018 West Nine School + "Planner" magazine (9+1) undergraduate joint design and "Zhongsheng Cup" design competition to explore cross-regional, interdisciplinary, cross-space, cross-disciplinary Cross-group multi-dimensional cross-border interactive teaching innovation theory, broaden students' research horizons, realize multi-party mutual benefit, promote teaching and learning among teachers and students, implement the concept of sharing educational resources, and provide reference model for interactive teaching organizations .

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    • A Research on Image Noumenon of Chinese Cultural Landscape Heritage Value

      Lv Xiaoyong, Wang Liyuan, Chen Chen

      Cultural landscape heritage is the category of UNESCO which is identified as the "natural and human works" in 1992. First, based on the analysis of the value of five Chinese cultural landscape heritages, the research puts forward image as the basement of value evaluation. Second, it discriminates the types of human and natural value being presented by noumenon of consciousness and representation under differential context. Last, it interprets spatiotemporal significance of authenticity and integrity. It purposes to enlighten the valuable definition core of the same types which aims to rise up the numbers of cultural landscape heritage and establish a theoretical foundation for the promotion of the value identity around the world.

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    • Research on the key professional abilities of architecture based on schoolfellows——Taking the excellent schoolfellows of HFUT as an example

      Zhang Jin Feng, LIN Si-yuan, Lv Meng Di, Ni Xia, Cao Hai Ying

      Through a large-scale questionnaire survey of the outstanding alumni of the architecture major of HeFei University of Technology, the project based on the data analysis of feedback to obtain the key professional competence of the different direction of architecture. Through the statistical analysis of the data to get clues, and from the original sample size of the selection of 20 core objects for targeted interviews, from which to extract the key elements of the training methods and employment related suggestions, thus providing development ideas and employment guidance, using alumni resources to promote the employment of the architecture students.

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    • Exploration on Teaching Reform of Concrete Structure Course Based on International Engineering Education Certification

      CHEN QINGJUN, JI JING, ZUO ZHILIANG, CAI JIAN, ZHANG YAN, Huang Yansheng

      The curriculum teaching reform based on international engineering education certification is a hot research issue. The curriculum reform of concrete structure course in our team under such background is introduced. "One syllabus, two practices" are the core contents of this reform, in which the reform of the curriculum syllabus is the foundation, and the reform and practice of the curriculum teaching content and teaching methods, curriculum assessment and evaluation methods are two important branches. The team promoted the teaching reform through the methods of project-based learning (PBL) and "Micro Teaching" methods such as WeChat Official Account, WeChat Mini Program, Micro-lesson. The calculation method of course completion and the establishment of feedback system is established, and the continuous improvement of the curriculum is effectively realized. From the implementation point of view, the measures of the teaching reform practice are coincident with the concept of the international engineering education certification and had achieved good results. The idea and practice of this course reform have better reference value to other curriculum reform of the same type.

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    • A Probe into the Teaching Reform of Improving the Design Practice Ability of Architectural Undergraduates by Relying on the Double-Qualified Teachers

      hanchenping, zhenzitong

      In response to the current situation of the lack of design practice ability of architectural undergraduates, the Architectural Teaching Reform Group of China University of Mining and Technology has traced and summarized the history and current situation of architectural teaching in China and abroad, and on the basis of comparing and summarizing different teaching modes, combined with the reality of the university,proposed a teaching reform policy and related reform methods that relying on the double-qualified teachers to improve the design practice ability of undergraduates, in order to provide further assistance for the teaching reform of architectural undergraduate.

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    • The Research on the Party Construction of College Students from the Perspective of We-Media

      Yang Dan, Huang Luyao

      The rapid development of We-media has changed the way people obtain and disseminate information. The characteristics of popularization of the disseminator, diversification of content, and immediacy of speed have also brought opportunities and challenges to college students' party construction. In order to improve the students’ party construction, the college should make use of advantages and disadvantages from the aspects of education of party members, construction of We-media platforms, construction of party construction teams, etc., in We-media environment. At the same time, this work can give play to the leading role of the party organizations, improve the work efficiency of party organizations, and create new types of specialized party construction team.

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    • Research on the Capability of middle-level Cadres’ and Promotion Countermeasures in Colleges in the New Era

      YANG Shouhong, YING Jia, WANG Qiqi

      After the nineteenth CPC Nation Congress, CPC put forward higher requirements to comprehensive reform of colleges in the new era. The status and function of middle-level cadres is very important in colleges. Take middle-level cadres of CPC colleges as the research object. Use self-administered questionnaire survey to investigate the capability of middle-level cadres combining the specific requirements for “eight skills” of cadres. Propose several countermeasures for the capability of middle-level cadres on the basis of research.

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    • The Construction of Cooperative Training System for the Master about Architecture and Civil Engineering on

      guo qingjun, HE Hui, WANG Yijie, WANG Shan, ZHAO Min

      Under the background of "mass entrepreneurship and innovation", establishing a scientific postgraduate training model is an important part of promoting postgraduate education reform. According to the present situation of talent cultivation, in order to satisfy the requirement of "mass entrepreneurship and innovation" for the Master of Architecture and civil engineering, it is necessary to excavate the resources of the school and the students, build up the talents training system of the interdisciplinary cooperation and the school-enterprise synergy, summarize the training results and promote the experience, to promote the innovative entrepreneurial ability of talents in the field of architecture and civil engineering, to provide reference for the cooperative cultivation of talents.

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    • The temporal and spatial evolution and driving factors of the major enrollment of human geography and urban and rural planning — Take Hubei provincial universities as an example

      YAN Qing, CHEN Kun-lun, LIU Xiao-qiong, GUO Yu-qi, LV Zhi-hang

      With the increasing demand for planning talents in the society, the major enrollment of human geography and urban-rural planning in various universities has also attracted widespread attention. From the perspective of geography, this paper analyzes the spatial and temporal characteristics and influencing factors of the enrollment of human geography and urban-rural planning majors in Hubei provincial colleges and universities from 2013 to 2017 and found that: (1) From the perspective of time, during the study period, the overall enrollment of this major showed a downward trend, with a large decline from 2013 to 2015 and a slight recovery in 2016. From 2013 to 2017, the planned enrollment of this major in other provinces is on the rise, but it does not affect the overall trend. (2) From the perspective of space, The enrollment of human geography and urban-rural planning major generally shows a pattern of more students in the west and less in the east, with the middle part in the middle and the northeast not distributed based on geographical features, whereas shows a pattern of more students in the southern region and less students in the northern based on the division of Qinlin mountain-Huaihe river; From the perspective of change trend, the enrollment of eastern regions is on the rise and then on the decline, while that of central and western regions is on the rise. From the perspective of the change range of the students’ number, some provinces, such as Yunnan, Hunan and Xinjiang, have a relatively large change range of the students’ number, while Anhui, Guizhou and Tibet are relatively stable. From the perspective of the stability of student sources, the central region is relatively stable, while the eastern and western regions change a lot, especially the eastern region. (3) The main factors affecting the temporal and spatial distribution of the major enrollment are population factors, economic development level and policy differences. In addition to the above factors, social factors, cultural factors will also have a certain impact on the spatial and temporal distribution of the major enrollment.

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    • Reflections And Breakthroughs In The Development Of Humanities And Social Sciences Under The Background Of First-Class Discipline Construction

      mengJing

      . The key point and foundation of the construction of First-class universities is discipline construction, however, under the background of construction of First-class universities China’s humanities and social disciplines have encountered difficulties in the times. This paper analyzes the development of humanities and social sciences through the status quo of first-class discipline construction, construction points, development policies of discipline. Analyze the internal causes of the development of humanities and social sciences from the conditions of teachers, researchers and top level design for discipline construction. To change the development of humanities and social sciences, we should take measures such as enhancing the practicality of the subject, following the inherent legitimacy of discipline development,, improve external incentives and strengthening the top-level design of discipline development.

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    • The causes and countermeasures of environmental group events in China--based on the perspective of interest subject game

      Chen Yongjin, Zhou Hongyun

      In recent years, under the background of comprehensive economic and social transformation, the adjustment of social interest pattern has led to frequent environmental group events. In the whole process of fermentation, environmental group events not only consume a lot of social public resources, pay high political costs, but also affect social order and threaten the ecological security of our country. This paper makes an in-depth game on the various stakeholders involved in environmental group events, and analyzes the causes of environmental group events, including local government negligence, corporate breach of trust, damage to citizens " interests and new media promotion.

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    • Research on the Development Direction of University Undergraduate Engineering Management Discipline Split-flow——Based on Social Network Analysis

      zhang jing xiao, pu si, li hui, wanghainian

      Under the background of the reform of undergraduate education mode of classified enrollment and discipline split-flow, there is no empirical data analysis in practical level for the engineering management discipline split-flow. In order to accurately locate the development direction of engineering management discipline split-flow, it takes the University of engineering management major in the whole country as an example. Firstly, the statistical methods were used to summarize schools of engineering management major, and then the social network analysis theory and Ucinet6.0 software were used to quantitatively study and visualize the current situation of discipline split-flow from three aspects: centrality analysis, multi-dimensional scale analysis, and cluster analysis. The results show that the central analysis initially found that most universities have set up engineering management and civil engineering majors in the same school, and the multi-dimensional scale analysis further shows that more than half of the universities set up engineering management majors in the context of engineering disciplines. The GN algorithm cluster analysis clearly shows that engineering management major is split-flowed to engineering and technical schools in more than 60% universities, and to economic management schools in nearly 35% of universities. The research results show the current engineering management discipline split-flow in a comprehensive and clear way, which provides a basis for the undergraduate engineering management discipline split-flow and major setting and provides reference for the quantitative analysis of other comprehensive discipline split-flow.

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    • Reform Thinking of HIT Urban-Rural Planning Undergraduate Education Program under Engineering Education Accreditation

      LV Fei, Dai Jian

      In order to meet the needs of urban-rural construction development in the new circumstances, HIT Urban-Rural Planning Undergraduate Education Program has carried out a brand-new reform thinking in combination with OBE concept and Engineering Education Accreditation. The new thinking is set as an effective form to cultivate "top innovative talents leading the future development of urban-rural planning, by the reasonable matching with cultivation objectives, graduation requirements and curriculum system. On this basis, a new curriculum system is established to train the abilities of general knowledge, professional skill and research interest, which include: a broad curriculum platform, a professional curriculum system and research courses focused on difficulties and hotspots

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    • The Innovation and Reform of Higher Engineering Education leading with the Construction of

      yinyi, tanglin, lisiqi

      The new era of engineering education reform should be guided by Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, take root in China's national conditions, correctly interpret the "new engineering" era responsibility and historical mission; highlight Chinese characteristics and accurately understand the inherent logic of "new engineering" System innovation; contribute to China's wisdom, scientifically construct the technical framework and implementation path of "new engineering", and earnestly shoulder the new mission and new responsibility of leading the transformation of engineering education and supporting the building of a strong country.

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    • Research on Teaching System Reform of Building Environment and Energy Engineering—an example of Hunan University of Science and Technolgy

      liyongcun

      Base on questionnaire survey for Building Environment and Energy Engineering graduates of Hunan University of Science and Technology, the requirements of knowledge and skills for society to the graduates are known, problems about practice teaching and class teaching and experimental teaching are dissected, then measures to solve above problems are proposed linking with reality. All of these are very important to improve the teaching result and graduates satisfaction, also can provide reference for revising or constructing teaching system to others college or university.

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    • The deepening reform of specialized curriculum construction of ‘wide civil engineering’ and the training mode of interdisciplinary talents under the new situation

      LUO Surong, WU Kaiyun, LI Xuhong

      Under the new international situation under the ‘One Belt And One Road’ strategy and the requirements of the ‘Double Tops’ construction policy on discipline construction, the existing teaching contents and teaching methods of civil engineering specialty in China cannot adapt to the rapid development of the international competitiveness of civil engineering, and the requirements of the ‘wide civil engineering’ on the cultivation of interdisciplinary talents in the new era. Based on the development status of diversification and internationalization of modern civil engineering under the new situation, and the existing problems of "narrow caliber" in the education mode of civil engineering specialty at present, this study puts forward that after the subject structure is optimized, the civil engineering major should carry on the deepening reform to the curriculum construction, its curriculum content and the teaching way all urgently need to find the balance between "the commonness" and "the individuality".Through scientific integration of curriculum content, construction of curriculum modules and expansion of international vision, professional curriculum construction can be firmly reformed. Meanwhile, enriching teaching methods, developing quality education and improving the quality of teachers can improve the"combination of general and specialized" compound talent training mode and enhance the competitiveness of civil engineering professionals in China.

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    • Constructing Strategies of the Graduate Cultivation Base jointed by Industry-University-Institute oriented to Social Demands

      Wang Yong

      Abstract: The graduate cultivation base is a practice platform for the Graduate students to train their practical and innovative abilities. From the perspective of need leading theory, this paper analyzes the problems of the graduate cultivation base jointed by Industry-University- Institute. Under the development of social demands, from the three aspects of functional positioning, service environment and participants, it discusses the new connotation of the graduate cultivation base Based on the "demand - meet" structure framework. In order to fully stimulate the vitality of the joint graduate cultivation base, and to meet the needs of multiple participants, it puts forward the constructing strategies of the graduate cultivation base jointed by Industry-University-Institute, the specialized construction on functional demands, the sustainable development on service demands and the multiple cooperation on benefit demands.

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    • Implementation and Suggestion of BIM Innovative Talents Trainingin Civil Engineering Management Specialty of Higher Vocational Colleges

      HUANG Hengzhen

      The paper takes Sichuan College of Architectural Technology as an example to explore the BIM innovative talents training issue in Civil Engineering Management Specialty. The results show: The realization of the goal to train BIM innovative talents depends on the multi-subject model operates well, collaborative platform support strongly, and BIM curriculum system implements smoothly. The paper then proposed such suggestions: strengthen teachers by multi-channel, construct BIM platform, optimize curriculum and teaching mode, and rethink the relationship between teachers and students, share resources on multi-level.

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    • Cultivating Suggestions and analysis on the award-winning projects of the national higher education teaching achievement prizes of China

      ZENG Lingbin, Liu Nian

      The national higher education teaching achievement prizes is the highest award in the field of higher education and signifies the highest level of job of teaching of higher education in China. It is a visual identity to determine an overall teaching level and comprehensive strength of one college and university. The award also has significant impact on the development of colleges and universities. Using the survey method, statistical analysis, case analysis and other research methods, the research was made on the award rate,constitute of organization,types of colleges and universities, subject distribution, probative term of practice, typical cases and so on of the national higher education teaching achievement prizes of the reward projects. Based on the research and analysis, the teaching achievement prizes at the construction of colleges and universities should set up reasonable structure project team, attaches great importance to the Practice and inspection, improving influence by strengthening promotion and publicity, improving Winning competitiveness by standing out characteristics.

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    • Reform and Evaluation of Cognitive Practice in Built Environment and Energy Application Engineering as Emerging Engineering Education

      Zhou Bin, Lu Qingsong, Li Fei, Wang Yu, Cheng Jianjie, Liu Jinxiang, Zhang Huijuan

      The major Built Environment and Energy Application Engineering is listed as an Emerging Engineering Education major. Under this circumstance, the development of the major faces unprecedented opportunities and challenges. After attracting excellent students through generally enrollment, enough attention must be paid to the connotation construction of the major. Cognitive practice is a very important step for students to get involved in majors. This study contrasts the specific practice units, knowledge and skill points of cognitive practice, metalworking practice, production practice and graduation practice, in order to better reflect the differences and characteristics of cognitive practice and other practices. By comparing the experiences and teaching methods of cognitive practice in domestic colleges, their successful experience was referred. It provides ideas for formulating the cognitive practice program for Nanjing Tech University. Under the conditions of compression of academic hour, the cognitive practice model of “culture edifying + campus base + standard literature + group discussion” was introduced. The enthusiasm of students was mobilized and good results have been achieved.

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    • Reform of Teaching the “Airport Construction Project Management and Construction” Course under the New Engineering Background

      FENG Xing, LI Runing, MA Lin

      Under the background of new engineering construction, new requirements are put forward for traffic engineering professionals. "Airport Construction Project Management and Construction Technology" is the core course of traffic engineering majors. How to reform its teaching is worth studying. The paper introduces the status and characteristics of the course, analyzes the shortcomings of the course in teaching, and puts forward that under the background of new engineering, taking students as the center and paying attention to the cultivation of students' innovation ability, from the aspects of improving the syllabus, enriching the content of teaching, improving the teaching methods, improving the curriculum assessment methods, emphasis on curriculum evaluation, good teaching materials construction, the teaching reform measures for the “Airport Construction Project Management and Construction Technology” course are adopted.

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    • Teaching reform and practice of civil engineering production practice based on Internet

      ZHANG Aili

      In view of many problems and deficiencies in the traditional teaching mode and management method of production practice, By standardizing the course documents of "production practice" and using the Internet and information technology, this paper improves each link of production practice teaching . A new teaching mode of civil engineering production practice process management and quality control based on Internet + has been formed. This mode realizes the real-time sharing of students' internship results and the real-time tracking guidance and management of teachers, strengthens the integration of practical teaching and theoretical teaching, and plays a positive role in the cultivation of civil engineering professionals and the improvement of students' engineering practice ability.

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    • The empirical research on the implementation effect of independent enrollment in universities——Based on the tracking and comparison between independent enrollment students and ordinary college entrance examination students in CQ University

      ZHOUYANLIN, CHENHUA, ZHANGYONGXIANG

      This study conducts follow-up investigations on self-enrolled students from the perspective of post-quality tracking. Through the self-assessment of student questionnaires, combined with a large number of objective data statistics, from the aspects of competence and quality, academic achievement, scholarships, participation in scientific research, etc., analyze and compare the differences between the two types of students after entering the school. And on this basis, analyze the reasons behind the conclusions. To test the independent enrollment effect of CQ University. The research shows that the scores of the independent students" ability and quality and the various ability and quality items are significantly higher than the ordinary college entrance examination students; Self-enrollment learning scores are slightly higher than those of ordinary college entrance examination students; The comprehensive quality performance of self-enrollment (comprehensive scholarship, evaluation of the May Fourth Movement, and competition for excellence) is significantly higher than that of ordinary college entrance examination students; Since 2015, the ability of self-enrolled students to create science and technology (the project of science and technology projects) has been significantly higher than that of ordinary college entrance examination students.

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    • Exploration and Informatization Practice of Undergraduate Tutor System Oriented to Personalized Training

      shanjiazeng, wuweichao, zhangweiping

      The undergraduate tutor system has become an effective training mode for domestic colleges and universities to train high-quality talents. Based on analyzing some existing problems in the practice of undergraduate tutor system, this paper puts forward innovative and sound management mechanism to ensure undergraduate tutor system plays great roles in cultivating students' growth and success, according to the implementation of undergraduate tutor system in civil engineering college of Tongji University, and reasonable suggestions for the practice of undergraduate tutors are put forward.

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    • Practice And Exploration Of Architecture Education In Local Universities Under The Background Of

      ZHAO Xiao-Gang, GAO Lei, WANG Yan-Kun, SUN Xiao-Dong

      In order to actively respond to a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, support a series of national strategies such as service innovation-driven development, the ministry of education actively promotes the construction of"Emerging Engineering Education". Compared with the construction idea of"Emerging Engineering Education", currently, education of architecture in local colleges and universities has the following major deficiencies: the major is independent and the talent export is single; The training mechanism lags behind and the industry adaptability is low; School positioning is similar, the service place is insufficient. Taking architecture major of Hebei University of Technology as a case study, this paper proposes solutions in breaking down professional barriers, building a "big design" platform, making use of social resources, strengthening the integration of production and education, positioning scientific education, serving local construction and other aspects, so as to provide reference for similar colleges to carry out "Emerging Engineering Education" research and practice. Finally, expand professional cognition, "wide caliber" talent export; Deepen the integration of industry and education, and build a education community; This paper clarifies the type orientation, carries on the path analysis to the local college architecture development"Emerging Engineering Education" construction from several aspects including the education school characteristic.

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    • Exploration?of?transformation?and?upgrading?of?traditional?engineering?based?on?Key Competencies ?cultivation

      zhangwenhai

      The?new?round?of?scientific?and?technological?revolution?and?industrial?revolution?in?the?world?set?new?requirements?for?engineering?education.?The?implementation?of?the?strategy?of?innovation-driven?development?and?the?realization?of?the?goal?of?two?centennial?goals?provide?a?new?historical?opportunity?for?the?reform,?innovation?and?development?of?Engineering?education.?To?meet?challenges,?make?changes,?and?upgrade,Engineering?education?should?take?the?initiative?to?rexamine?itself?and?take?the?cultivation?of?college?students'?Key Competencies ?as?the?starting?point?.

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    • Research on influencing factors and construction mechanism of postgraduate academic atmosphere

      YIN Shiping, HUA Yuntao, WANG Fei, LV Henglin

      A strong academic atmosphere is of great significance for cultivating postgraduate"s innovation ability and improving the academic level of postgraduates. This paper expounds the present situation of postgraduate academic atmosphere and the effect of academic atmosphere on cultivating of innovation ability. The influence on the academic atmosphere is analyzed from the aspects of the tutor, the university management institution and the postgraduates. Countermeasures for building a good academic atmosphere are put forward to provide reference for cultivating postgraduates" innovation ability.

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    • Research on Vitality Evaluation of Wenmiaoping Historic District in Changsha Based on AHP Technology

      Yan Jun, HuangYongxin, LuoQiWen

      In order to improve the disparity between the rapid development of the city and the activation and protection of the vitality of the historical neighborhoods, the urban cultural discrimination is increased. Based on AHP technology, this paper puts into the evaluation index of historical street area from four aspects of economy, society, ecology and environment, and establishes a system for comprehensive evaluation of vitality of urban historical blocks. It is also a strong practice in Changsha Wenmiaoping Historic District. explore.

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    • Countermeasure Analysis of Sustainable Development of Popular Science Information in the Perspective of Market Mechanism

      zhangLijian

      The market mechanism has unique advantages in resource allocation, and the introduction of market mechanisms in the construction of popular science information is conducive to promoting the sustainable development of popular science information construction. However, the market is not omnipotent. The profit-seeking nature of social capital may affect the public welfare of popular science work, thus affecting the sustainable operation of popular science information. By combing the market mechanism to participate in the basic situation of popular science information, analyze the advantages of market mechanism participation in popular science information, explore the problems that may arise after the participation of market mechanism, and put forward suggestions for the sustainable development of popular science information construction

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    • An Analysis of Demand and Satisfactionon Science Communication of Urban Communities

      zhang li jiang, y l

      In the age of Internet information, the environment of science communication has been charging. Under the background of informatization, the reform of science communication should be able to, based on informatiization, meet the needs of urban residents. Based on the investigation and analysis of the current urban residents’ needs and satisfaction of science communication of urban communities, this paper expects to put forward relevant suggestions, in order to make reference for the effective development of science communication of urban communities.

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    • The value idea and innovation principle of modern university teaching management system

      zhangHong

      Abstract: As an important guarantee of higher education, Teaching policy need to respect the law of higher education rules. Teaching and training quality become the standard of System construction and practice innovation. In order to protect the cultivating students '' innovative spirit and practical ability, as well as the need of doing people''s satisfaction education, building an innovative country and building a harmonious society, which has become an important research field of teaching reform in colleges and universities. To Analysis the problems of existing system ,discuss the idea Foundation, the value spirit and the innovation principle of teaching performance,management,assessment and service, is good for constructing the teaching system of cultivating the comprehensive development of talents.

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    • Innovative course -- the key platform to meet the scientific research needs of college students in the new era

      SHEN Chao, Ni long, JIANG Yiqiang, Wang Xinlei, HUANG Haibo

      With the increasing enthusiasm for scientific research among college students, more and more undergraduates expect to participate in scientific research and pursue their further study abroad after graduation. Harbin Institute of Technology, relying on the advantages of scientific research, has set up an innovative course, which is welcomed by students greatly. Teaching practice has proved that "Innovation Course" not only provides young teachers with scientific research assistants, but also establishes a bridge between undergraduates and postgraduates, creates an innovative base for undergraduates to publish SCI academic papers, and opens a window for undergraduates to participate in international exchanges.

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    • Score assessment of course exercise of steel structures based on analytic hierarchy process

      Wang Ya-jun, Li Yuan-song, Wang Zhang-qiong

      Course exercise of steel structures plays an important role in practical course of civil engineering major. Traditional evaluation methods for course exercise of steel structures are very subjective, and difficult to reflect students’ comprehensive ability. Therefore, a score assessment calculation method for course exercise of steel structures based on analytic hierarchy process is proposed by qualitatively analyzing the influencing factors which affect the course exercise of steel structures. Five first-level evaluation indicators and 17 secondary level evaluation indicators are presented, in addition a mathematical model for score assessment of course exercise of steel structures based on analytic hierarchy process is also built. The teaching practice indicates that this method is beneficial to mobilize students' enthusiasm and initiative, and is conducive to promote the quality improvement of course exercise of steel structures .

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    • Exploration and practice of excellent talent cultivating mode of building environment specialty based on the engineering specialty accreditation (evaluation)

      WANG Dong, QIAN Fu-ping, LU Jin-li, HUANG Zhi-jia

      The purpose of "Excellent engineer educating and training program" and "Engineering specialty accreditation (evaluation) are both to improve the quality of engineering education talents in China based on international standards. The two programs complement each other and promote mutually. In order to achieve the depth integration of them, school condition is constantly improved, management is standardized, the structure of specialty is optimized, and the Double innovation abilities” of students is cultivated. The cultivating mode of compound talents named two integrations and four levels is built based on both the industry and regional characteristics. Under the cultivating mode, the education qualities of students are improved significantly and achieved satisfied effect.

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    • Study on the indoor and outdoor test and its application

      Qin Pengfei

      Soil mechanics is a test of strong discipline, left the test and the test will not be able to develop, development of soil mechanics theory and experiment must be closely combined. Briefly summarizes the basic physical and mechanical indexes of soil test, direct shear test, three axial compression test, unconfined compressive strength test laboratory test and static load test, standard penetration test, cone penetration test, pressuremeter test method test and vane shear test field test, points out the important significance of soil test.

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    • The tectonic exploration in the teaching of architectural design basis

      LIU Qian, ZHANG Minghao, WANG Qian

      Tectonic has become a hot topic in the teaching of architecture in recent years. The training of tectonic awareness offers a more essential view to understand architecture. Through the analysis of the operation of two teaching units, chair making and full-scale model construction of small buildings, the essay introduces the tectonic exploration in the teaching of architectural design basis.

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    • A Study of Experimental Teaching in Architectural Design

      wangbo

      This article analyzes the deep-rooted problems in the current architecture education from the qualification of faculty, the quality of students and the scale of enrollment. What’s more the article puts forward a new mode of experimental teaching in architectural design based on the practical teaching.

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    • Construction of Engineering Graphics Courses Platform ----Cultivating Innovative Talents of the Civil Engineering

      huangli

      In the era of knowledge economy, the mission of education is: innovation knowledge and innovative talents. In this paper, through the analysis of innovative education and research, described in construction of Civil Engineering and Architecture Engineering Graphics course platform: relying on the use of three-dimensional series of teaching materials and modern information technology, to build inter-disciplinary civil engineering graphics class-based teaching platform. Focusing on computer graphics ability and the engineering quality of students, revolving the initiative to acquire knowledge and practical ability of this theme, the sense of innovation and innovative spirit and ability to train are important for students to make them into creative quality innovative engineering and technical personnel.

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    • Study on Safety Education for Undergraduates of Architectural College

      LiuHui

      In order to better improve construction safety education of our country, and play the main role of higher education to safety education major,based on safety engineering status of architectural engineering college and safety education status of architectural major in a brief, safety education of architectural major should be targeted that was stressed,relying on existing teaching resources of safety engineering major was proposed, safety education system of architectural major was composed of four aspects from college students safety culture, safety public elective courses, campus Safety and Health Association, safety practices teaching, as well as observations and recommendations was made for its teaching means and methods, throng which, gradually establish construction safety education system that safety education of colleges and universities play the main role and build parts and business play the supplementary role.

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    Volume 29,2020 Issue 3
    • DING Jin-hua

      2011,20(2):70-73, DOI:

      School of Architecture and Urban Planning ,Suzhou University of science and technology,Suzhou 215011,Jiangsu, P. R. China

    • FANG Gao ni, DING Ke wei, LIU Yun lin

      2010,19(1):29-31, DOI:

      The popularize development of higher education and needs of society and place economic development for different types of talents require colleges and universities choosing scientific training system. We discussed about some professional norms for training application oriented talent of civil engineering specialty.

    • 高校管理
    • LI Li-sha

      2007,16(2):153-157, DOI:

      In view of the varied situation and characteristics about the university student victims of larceny, the traditional larceny crime prevention measures that emphasize the criminal as the central issue are becoming limited today. Prevention and reduction of

    • CHEN Zhong lin, YAN Yong hong

      2008,17(2):1-3, DOI:

      This article analyzes the needs of energy saves, reduction of light pollution, and sustainable development of lighting project, the urgent of strengthening building optical education, researches domestic and abroad building optical education, graduate situation,and comes to the conclusion that building optical graduate can’t satisfy the requirement of quantity and quality. In order to bridge the gap between domestic and abroad, the article propose to attach great importance to optical education and graduate education.

    • 专业建设与人才培养
    • XIAO Yan

      2017,26(1):49-55, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2016.06.011

      Affected by the depression of real estate and construction industry in recent years, some university students, especially students majoring in engineering management doubt about their employment prospects. To provide career guidance to these students, taking graduates from Chongqing Technology and Business University as an example,this paper conducted a questionnaire with graduates majoring in engineering management and graduated from 2007 to 2011 as object, to investigate graduates' employment and current development. Results of the investigation were analyzed by SPSS software. The conclusion of this survey can provide undergraduates some employment guidance advices and help to guide students to strengthen their professional ability related to employment, as well as improve the core competitiveness of the engineering management major students.

    • WANG Li guo

      2008,17(2):4-7, DOI:

      Construction management is increasingly being paid attention by society. Nowadays, a gap is becoming apparent between cultivation purpose and course setting of construction management for undergraduate education and the need of society, which requires serious consideration. Cultivation purpose is ought to cultivate professional elites for certain specialty, strengthen specialty course and practice course. For those colleges that have not professional major background, construction management should develop advantages on aspects of management and economy, using “TianJi Racing Horses” strategies on the cultivation purpose.

    • DING Zheng

      2013,22(1):177-183, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2013.01.041

      With the development of culture economization and economy culturalization, cultural economy has turned into an important form in the present world. Cultural trade is also playing an increasingly important role in the world trade. In the international cultural trade, some countries set discriminatory provisions for cultural trade based on their own interests, which made the “cultural exception” become the criterion for cultural trade friction. Obliviously, those countries overstated the specialty of the cultural trade. Cultural exception principle is confronting the dilemma both theoretically and practically. Following the micro to macro sequence, the predicament of cultural exception under the WTO framework was discussed first, then the loss due to the cultural trade protection was evaluated based on the benefits analysis, and finally the solution of cultural trade friction under WTO framework was discussed.

    • LIU Xin-rong, HU Yuan-xin, LUO Jian-hua, GE Hua

      2011,20(2):137-141, DOI:

      1. College of Civil Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, P.R. China; 2. Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Logistical Engineering University, Chongqing 401311, P.R. China;3. Nanjiang Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology Bri

    • HU Ye min, ZHANG Can hui

      2012,21(2):66-68, DOI:

      In architectural basic teaching, the architecture space enlightenment is a very important part. Traditional space composition followed the practice of nine-square problem, emphasized the elements and form of space. But it is easy to lead students to ignore the nature of some important elements such as space and site. The new space strategy of contemporary architecture can change the monotony of the traditional space composition; it can also complement the lack of nine-square problem exercise, and resolve the students’ problems in the space practice.

    • 王一 张广生

      2000,9(4):48-49, DOI:

      建筑设计基础课程中基本表现技法方面的教学内容需要大量课堂演示,我们利用录像辅助教学,取得了较好的效果。

    • WU Xuan, DONG Jun, ZHANG Hong ru

      2008,17(2):106-110, DOI:

      It plays an important role in strengthening students’ comprehensive quality and abilities. Furthermore, It has been widely realized that practice teaching is crucial for bringing up student’s talents. Teaching reform in recent years has been focused on the training of students’ abilities of practical operation, scientific research and innovation activities. Since 1990s, Beijing Jiaotong University (BJTU) has held on prompting the research and innovation of practice teaching by teaching reform foundation. Through reconstructing the practice teaching system, reforming teaching contents and methods, building the practice teaching platform, an integrated innovative practical education system has been established and successful effect has been achieved in practice teaching.

    • PANG Chaoming, ZHANG Ping, QIN Honggen, ZHANG Yamei

      2013,22(3):132-138, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2013.03.035

      We pointed out that during the test teaching, the different standard should be comprehensively applied during the design experiment, the ability training to make comprehensive use of the various knowledge and skill should be paid more attention, and good habits for experiments should be developed, such as correctly modification, careful observation, complete records, and paying more attention to the scrupulousness of experimental process or operation. Finally, the 60 groups of mix proportion designed by undergraduates were discussed. The results shows that a part of parameters recommended by standard can be altered, such as the lower limit of water content in unit volume should be lowered to 140 kg/m3 or 145 kg/m3, and the upper limit of volume fraction of sand in mortar could be increased to 0.48. The results can provide a reference for improving the accuracy of research results and the level of experimental teaching.

    • LI Li, ZHANG Zhong xian, ZHU Hong ping

      2011,20(6):19-24, DOI:

      To implement the instructions of “excellent engineer training program” established by the Ministry of Education , school of civil engineering & mechanics in Huazhong University of Science and Technology combined the industry background with career-oriented of civil engineering specialty, researched on training standards, training programs, practice and implementation methods in training program.

    • WANG Yang

      2011,20(3):140-143, DOI:

      Computer aided design (CAD) is an important technical course for urban planning education (UPE) in universities and colleges. Its main target is to help students majored in urban planning gain professional skills of computer drawing and designing. Based on the function and characteristics of UPE’s CAD course, the paper presents the teaching target and demands of CAD course and proposes a CAD education framework for UPE, which is constructed by teaching module, teaching content, teaching methods and practice module.

    • HE Da-zhi, CAO Lin, ZHAO Shun-bo

      2010,19(5):147-150, DOI:

      Through analyzing characteristics of engineering drawing instruction, we developed a teaching assistant system for engineering drawing instruction based on further development of AutoCAD. By using the system, teachers would be more convenient in courseware making. The core goal of engineering drawing instruction, graphic drawing reading ability, was also improved.

    • ZHANG Yan- ni , WEI Yu - jie

      2006,15(1):20-22, DOI:

      Urban renewal is a hot issue,which has draw much attention and devotion of Chinese planners.This article makes a comparison between Chinese city and Western city on the development background,point out the problems in the course of urban renewal and bring

    • WANG Zhibin, XU Xincan

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    主管单位: 中华人民共和国教育部

    主办单位: 重庆大学

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    主        编:王时龙

    电        话:023-65112294

    邮        箱:gdjzjy@cqu.edu.cn

    创        刊:1985年

    国际标准刊号:ISSN 1000-582X

    国内统一刊号:CN 50-1044/N

    国内邮发代号:78-164