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    Volume 30,2021 Issue 1
      “新工科”建设
    • ZHANG Donghai, GAO Penghui, HUANG Jianen, WANG Yijiang, WEI Jingsheng

      2021,30(1):1-9, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.001

      Emerging engineering education is vital in building up a strong China in higher education and meeting the challenges of economic development, industrial transformation and global competition. Based on the advantages and feature resources in traditional engineering discipline and the new development requirements in emerging engineering education, the integrated interdisciplinary teaching mode of building environment and energy engineering is explored and in practice. The main measures include orientation of talents cultivation characteristics, development of integrated interdisciplinary curriculum system, construction of teaching staffs with multidisciplinary background, establishment of diversified practical platforms through collaboration, combination of research innovation and science and technology competition with teaching and learning, and implementation of China-International education collaboration. A characteristic training mode of interdisciplinary integration of building environment and energy engineering is formed and innovative practice of the training mode has achieved good results.

    • WU He, SUN Xujie, YANG Yang, ZHANG Xuhong, DONG Yanqiu, WANG Weiming

      2021,30(1):10-16, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.002

      Facing the development needs of emerging engineering education and construction industry, talent cultivation plan of civil engineering major of Intelligent Construction College built based on school-enterprise cooperation by Heilongjiang Institute of Technology is researched. Training objective is established to meet the demand of building industrialization and intellectualization, and the curriculum system adapting to the transformation and upgrading of civil engineering specialty in local universities is constructed including engineering general education platform, professional foundation platform of civil engineering, new technology and interdisciplinary module, engineering and social module, innovation and entrepreneurship module, and intelligent construction module. A "3+1" training mode based on multi-agent cooperation is adopted which introducing enterprises to participate in education. Taking the Intelligent Construction College as the carrier, practical research is carried out to cultivate application-oriented undergraduate talents who adapt to the development of industrialization, digitization, and intellectualization of construction and are needed by enterprises, and it works well.

    • 专业建设与人才培养
    • HUANG Zhuangwei

      2021,30(1):17-25, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.003

      Since 2000, with the rapid development of national economy, China has set off a new upsurge of architecture major. As a new major in local universities, architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology takes national professional evaluation standard as the program, regional culture and local construction demand in southwest Fujian as the support, and "reform, opening up, practice and service" as the guideline. An architecture professional system of local universities integrating teaching, scientific research and service has been established, and it passed the national education evaluation of architecture major of universities in 2018 and became the first-class discipline construction point in Fujian. Through the comprehensive combing of the construction process of architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology, the paper explores an effective path and method for the construction of professional system of architecture major in local colleges and universities, to provide ideas for the construction of discipline system of architecture major in local universities.

    • JIANG Fei, YANG Qianqian

      2021,30(1):26-33, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.004

      In order to meet the challenge of the fourth industrial revolution, China has implemented the excellence program 2.0 to continuously promote the development of engineering education. As a traditional engineering specialty, civil engineering needs to actively connect with excellence program 2.0 to realize the upgrading and transformation of traditional specialty, and cultivate excellent engineering talents to adapt to the new situation. The top-level design of talent training program outlines the blueprint of talent training from the professional school-running objectives, personnel training specifications, and curriculum system. Based on the comparative study of talent training programs of eight universities, such as Changsha University of Science and Technology, South China University of Technology, and Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, this paper analyzes the degree of fit between the eight universities and excellence program 2.0 and puts forward suggestions for optimizing the talent training program from the aspects of talent training goal orientation, interdisciplinary integration form, international talent training mode, school enterprise cooperation form, etc.

    • XU Jianhe, YAN Jun, OUYANG Guohui, HE Chuan

      2021,30(1):34-42, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.005

      Based on the background of emerging engineering education, following the education concept of perception and practice, an undergraduate education system of architecture with the characteristics of local universities and the characteristics of the times is built aiming at innovative consciousness and practical ability. This paper explores the mode and overall reform scheme of undergraduate talents cultivation of architecture specialty in local universities and constructs a cooperative cultivation system and curriculum system oriented by the goal of strengthening design and practical ability. Combining with the current situation of local colleges and universities, it strives to achieve the goal of training compound and applied talents of architecture for local economic construction.

    • FANG Cheng, WANG Wei, YANG Xinyue

      2021,30(1):43-48, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.006

      In order to actively meet the demands of diversified development of the engineering industry, and to cater to the "Made in China 2025", "Industry 4.0" and other national strategic plans, this paper deeply explores the training connotation of civil engineering intelligent structures mini-curriculum and explains the urgency and necessity of the implementation of such courses. The teaching reform should be carried out with the objectives of internationalization and diversification and build a multi-disciplinary cross training curriculum system, teaching methods, and curriculum assessment system. This study forms the basis for the new teaching model and method and for the establishment of the knowledge system of intelligent structure mini curriculum

    • CHEN Liping, YAN Chengchu, GONG Yanfeng, LU Qingsong, ZHOU Bin

      2021,30(1):49-55, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.007

      The demands of the development of modern building industry for talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty after the implementation of civil engineering category enrollment are analyzed. The capacities of high-quality talents of building environment and energy application engineering with competitiveness and great potential for future development are investigated. The efficient ways for talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty in civil engineering category are shown. It is pointed out that the professional education of building environment and energy application engineering should broaden the field of vision, rely on hot events at home and abroad to expand professional publicity and enhance students’ professional identity. The importance of teaching idea change from knowledge-transference to ability training and the necessary of a personnel training system including innovative technology such as big data are explained. The suggestions for solving knowledge link-up between courses by using internet instructional software are proposed. The effect of establishment of training system for innovation and entrepreneurship is discussed. The hierarchical training programs for cultivating students’ ability to solve complex engineering problems in guiding graduation project are presented.

    • 专业学位与研究生教育
    • XIAO Jianzhuang, XU Rong, XI Yonghui, XU Wei

      2021,30(1):56-61, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.008

      It has been 20 years for Tongji University starting the first session of part-time Master of Engineering since September 1998. The spirt of "serving the national strategy, connecting with the industry, leading the future development, and always for students" is held and the cultivation of part-time master student in the major of construction in civil engineering is becoming more and more mature. Focusing on the training characteristics of part-time Master of Engineering, confronting the difficulties and problems in the process of teaching and supervising, the paper carries out a series of innovation and exploration and gives full play to the radiation and incentive effects of Tongji University culture and the excellent tradition of civil engineering in Tongji University. A long-term cultivation mechanism of "requirements serving, accurate docking, collaborative education, and double wins" is built. It has achieved good implementation effect and social benefits, and cultivated many application-oriented, compound, and high-level engineering technology and engineering management talents for the national construction industry.

    • YU Xiaoping, JU Fali, LIU Liying

      2021,30(1):62-69, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.009

      In the new era, the cultivation of Master of Engineering needs to adapt to the talent demand of national innovation and development. The key ability of full-time Master of Engineering is engineering practice ability. The construction of engineering practice ability training system is an important measure to ensure the education quality of Master of Engineering. In view of the current situation of engineering master’s practice education in general colleges and universities, this paper analyzes the main reasons for the weakness of engineering ability training through literature review, questionnaire survey, and case study. Based on the basic laws of engineering ability composition and engineering master’s personnel training, it is suggested that the quality of engineering practice education should be improved by the following ways: strengthening the whole process engineering education thought, cultivating engineering system thinking by offering engineering guidance course for engineering postgraduates, constructing industry-academic collaboration engineering practice base, and setting up undergraduate-postgraduate linkage practice curriculum system. The training approach of engineering postgraduates’ innovative consciousness and engineering ability to face the ability demand of industry development and engineering post is put forward. The strategy of engineering practice education put forward in this paper can be used as a reference for the education reform and practice of Master of Engineering.

    • WANG Yingmi, WEI Ruirui

      2021,30(1):70-75, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.010

      At present, China’s graduate education has developed rapidly and the enrollment scale has been expanding continuously, but at the same time there are many problems in graduate education and alienation of teacher-student relationship is one of the typical problems. From the perspective of Simmel’s "boundary theory", this paper finds that the "ambiguous boundary between power and responsibility, interests and actions" is an important reason for the alienation of the teacher-student relationship. Therefore, it is the key to prevent and dissolve the alienation of teacher-student relationship by perfecting the system norms of teacher-student relationship, advocating the concept of equal interaction between teachers and students, and then constructing a clear boundary.

    • 中外建筑教育比较
    • CHEN Dan, LIN Yaoguang, ZHU Xuemei

      2021,30(1):76-87, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.011

      Renewal/reuse of buildings (built environment) has become a very important and common work in contemporary architecture industry. The transformation from new building to reusing and from protection to revitalization puts forward new requirements for current architectural education. It also makes related courses of architectural history and architectural design in traditional architectural education face urgent challenges. Faculty of Architecture and Built Environment (BK) of Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands has made a long-term exploration through reforming the history courses and embedding heritage value oriented architectural design minors, and has accumulated mature and edge-cutting experiences: integrating theoretical history education and designing education by regarding design as the goal of history education while taking heritage value evaluation as the guide and judgment standards of designing to cultivate the capabilities of students to do designing/planning in the historical and socio-cultural context. The course contents, teaching characteristics, and specific processes are fully analyzed in this paper to provide a reference for the innovation of domestic (architectural) education.

    • 课程建设与教学改革
    • LIU Lin, YANG Na

      2021,30(1):88-95, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.012

      It is of great practical significance to develop English teaching for core curricula in civil engineering major in a bid to cultivate high-quality professionals adapting to the development of globalization. The course of fundamentals of concrete structures possesses the characteristics of scientific, engineering and practice which is representative in the courses of civil engineering. Taking this course as an example, the pilot practice of English teaching in the bilingual course for students in MAO Yisheng Class and English course for international students in Beijing Jiaotong University is introduced. In compliance with the basic requirements of engineering education certification, the teaching notion, content, means, methods, course project, and grading policy are reformed aiming at strengthening English thinking and application of the two groups of students with distinct traits. The practice shows that the English course project helps to improve students’ professional English application ability in an all-round way and the online communication platform of teachers and students with the help of information teaching method effectively sparks students’ motivation and initiative in learning. Based on the pilot teaching experience, suggestions for the sustainable improvement of the courses are proposed.

    • MA Le, LI Nan, GUO Maoyun

      2021,30(1):96-104, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.013

      This paper creates a course quality ecosystem based on the teaching life cycle of course initiation, quality planning, quality assurance, quality control, and course conclusion. The responsibility matrix of the teaching and learning community is established, and quality assurance services are implemented. In the course initiation phase, the course requirements are elaborated and defined based on the course planning process of the University of Miami. Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives is employed to identify the course objectives, based on which the process of teaching and learning is evaluated and the course quality plan is developed. Value chain analysis is adopted to interpret the appreciation and depreciation of teaching activities and evaluate the contribution of these activities to teaching value. In the course quality control phase, diversified assessment methods and practice strategies are developed, and importance is attached to students’ learning process through the two types of formative assessment—assessment for learning and assessment as learning. At the course conclusion phase, multi-channel feedbacks are adopted such as teacher-teacher, teacher-student and third-party feedbacks. Taking learning engagement as an important factor to measure the effectiveness of the course quality ecosystem, data analysis shows that students have a high degree of recognition in terms of course satisfaction and learning performance.

    • YAN Lewei, LIANG Yingjing, SUN Zuoyu

      2021,30(1):105-110, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.014

      The concept of MOOC and "flipped classroom" are one of the emphases of current education and teaching reformation in China. However, according to the existing practical experience, there are some theoretical and practical issues remained to be paid attention to and solved urgently in the implementation of MOOC and "flipped classroom". The teaching concept of MOOC and "flip classroom" are discussed in depth. Combined with the "flipped classroom" teaching practice and research of theoretical mechanics. A set of "flipped classroom" teaching theories of basic courses for science and engineering majors are established and applied to the teaching practice, which is beneficial to make a positive contribution to deepening education and teaching reform as well as improving the quality of personnel training in higher education of China.

    • XU Jing

      2021,30(1):111-116, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.015

      China is in a critical period of coordinating and promoting the rural vitalization strategy and the new urbanization strategy. It is essential for colleges to grasp the important tools to break the urban-rural dualism pattern and explore the reconstruction and expansion of urban design of small towns in the interdisciplinary teaching system. Urban design of small towns course in Fujian Normal University is committed to cultivating undergraduate key competence. Starting from the three dimensions of cultural foundation, independent development, and social participation, FGCPP curriculum teaching model focuses on flip classroom, group discussion, classic reading, practice teaching and project driven, which provides reference and inspiration for revealing the characteristics of "Chinese design" more profoundly.

    • CHI Yin, XU Lihua, LIU Sumei

      2021,30(1):117-123, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.016

      According to the Implementation Plan of the Ministry of Education on the Construction of First Class Undergraduate Courses, the "Double 10000 Plan" for the construction of first-class courses includes online, offline, online and offline hybrid, virtual simulation, and social practice courses with characteristics of high level, innovation and challenge. Based on the national excellent resource sharing course "concrete structure and masonry structure design" of Wuhan University, this paper discusses the solutions to the outstanding problems in the course of principle of concrete structure design that is fully delivered by English. MOOC courses are established and full-English online and offline blended teaching methods are explored and practice, which provide guarantee for improving the full-English teaching quality of civil engineering courses.

    • 实践教学与创新教育
    • ZHANG Xue, QI Yongzheng, ZENG Wenjie, CHEN Sanbo

      2021,30(1):124-129, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.017

      The construction of emerging engineering education puts forward new and higher level requirements for the training of engineering talents in colleges and universities. As a traditional engineering major, the civil engineering major needs to explore the reform of practical teaching system in this situation. Focusing on the connotation of emerging engineering education and the training goal of civil engineering, this paper explores the reform of the practical teaching system of civil engineering. Based on the analysis of the current situation of practical teaching, this paper reorganizes all kinds of experimental courses and practical training of the major, integrates the innovation concept of emerging engineering, forms four teaching modules/platforms which contain course experiment, centralized design, centralized practice, and innovation and entrepreneurship, and three levels of practical teaching containing basic cognition, comprehensive application, and research innovation, and constructs a practical teaching system of civil engineering with "one main line, four platforms and three levels", aiming to provide reference for the cultivation of innovative, cross and compound high-quality engineering and technical talents .

    • LI Jun, LI Xiaodong, CUI Yifei, ZHANG Peng, QU Chengping

      2021,30(1):130-136, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.018

      In order to strengthen the cultivation of students’ professional interest, application and innovation ability, and practical ability to solve complex engineering problems, the ideas of the construction and application of virtual simulation experimental teaching resources serving the triple-leveled professional curriculum system namely the "core-direction-expansion" curriculum system of civil engineering are proposed. The three-level curriculum system has the characteristics of connecting theoretical teaching with practical teaching, and engineering practice with experimental teaching. The course of comprehensive experiment of civil engineering (including virtual simulation) with the characteristics of virtual-real combination is newly established which contains the experimental teaching content urgently needed by civil engineering majors and adapts to the new characteristics of college students’ growth and new laws of education and teaching in the information age. Relying on the national-level experimental teaching demonstration center, the national-level virtual simulation experimental teaching project, and a number of teaching research and teaching reform subjects, the virtual simulation experimental resource library serving the triple-leveled curriculum system is built with the "golden course" standard of virtual simulation, and the three-dimensional teaching resources are constructed combined with virtual simulation projects, courses construction, and teaching material construction.

    • LIN Nan, ZHANG Wenchun, LI Weidong, LIU Yongji

      2021,30(1):137-144, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.019

      Problems existing in the transformation and development of local undergraduate universities, such as practical teaching being subordinated to theory teaching, practical teaching being not concentrated, and the time of students’ practice training and participation in engineering practice being lacking, are analyzed and discussed. Combined with the standards of engineering education certification, a practical teaching system throughout 8 semesters and 4 academic years is constructed with students’ practical ability as the core and ability increment as the goal. The dominant position of practical teaching is guaranteed through the reform of talent training mode, the construction of dual-teacher faculty, the innovation of school-enterprise cooperation mechanism, and the evaluation of goal achievement. The research results can accelerate the integration between the goal of training applied talents and the construction of curriculum system, and comprehensively improve the ability of professional service for regional economic and social development. It is a beneficial attempt to reform the practical teaching mode of surveying and mapping engineering.

    • DAI Shiyu, ZHANG Xiongwu, SUN Yunfei, ZHOU Jianxiang

      2021,30(1):145-150, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.020

      At present, the cultivation of innovation and entrepreneurship ability has become one of the main tasks of talent training in colleges and universities in the new era. School of Electronic and Information Engineering of Suzhou University of Science and Technology has adopted the student research training center as an important platform for college students to promote innovation and entrepreneurship ability. Adopting a group and team cooperation model, carrying out capacity training centered on scientific research projects, and implementing a variety of innovative quality training methods and mechanisms, students’ innovative awareness and entrepreneurial spirit are cultivated. and the current extensive teaching mode. It not only fills the gap of the current extensive teaching mode in the cultivation of students’ quality, but also plays a role in promoting the improvement of university students’ scientific research ability and innovation and entrepreneurship, and the development of scientific research in universities.

    • WANG Yi, ZHU Kai

      2021,30(1):151-160, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.021

      Engineering education accreditation system is very significant for ensuring the quality of undergraduate engineering education. In addition, the evaluation of graduation requirements achievement is an important segment and core content of the system. Based on the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, a three-level evaluation system including teaching procedure, supporting curriculum and graduation requirement index points is constructed. A case of graduation requirement index points named research capabilities is conducted on the basis of civil engineering specialty in Henan University of Urban Construction. According to the results, the graduation requirements achievement could be demonstrated and the weak items during the three evaluating procedure could be found respectively. The feasibility and applicability of the evaluation system is proved and it makes preparations for the application of graduation requirements achievement evaluation in engineering education accreditation.

    • YANG Wansheng, LIU Lin, GAO Yunfei, WANG Zhangyuan, YAN Biao, WANG Xiaoxia, ZHENG Ruiyun

      2021,30(1):161-166, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.022

      Construction environment and energy application engineering is a major with strong engineering applicability which mainly trains students to be able to engage in industrial and civil construction environment control and energy supply. According to the requirements of engineering certification, each factor of the graduation requirements control index points of construction environment should be calculated according to the training objectives and curriculum system by weight coefficient. At present, due to the short time of engineering certification in China, professional teachers still lack the knowledge, understanding and grasp of the calculation method of relevant weight coefficient, which is not conducive to the teaching under the goal of professional engineering certification and does not meet the professional development requirements of engineering certification. On the basis of engineering certification standard, this paper analyzes the relationship between graduation requirement index points and supporting courses of construction environment. By using AHP, the judgment matrix of index points and supporting courses is established and the weight coefficients of each index point factor are calculated and analyzed, and the weight coefficients of different index points of graduation requirement are obtained. At the same time, the weight coefficient obtained by AHP is compared with that obtained by credit method, and the advantages and disadvantages of each calculation method are pointed out, in order to promote the engineering certification of construction environment specialty.

    • 高校管理与思政教育
    • XING Xiaoqin

      2021,30(1):167-172, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.023

      Ideological and political course in colleges is the key course to carry out the fundamental task of moral education. In order to improve the teaching quality of ideological and political education in colleges and truly realize the classroom revolution, we must explore the classroom model adapting to the ideological and political education in colleges in the new era. Firstly, the endogenous demand of ideological and political courses in colleges is clarified. On this basis, ecological teaching thinking science is integrated into ideological and political courses, with problem design as the core and ecological subject enjoying sense of acquisition as the center, to construct a "problem based" ecological classroom model. This mode can fully realize the two-way "sense of acquisition" between teachers and students, so as to better realize the innovation of ideological and political course teaching mode in colleges.

    • LI Wei, ZHANG Jingyu, JIANG Qiushi, ZHU Tianwei

      2021,30(1):173-181, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.024

      Based on the opportunity of transformation of architecture major to application-oriented specialty in Shenyang University of Technology, relying on the practice teaching curriculum reform, this paper explores the thought and method of ideological and political origin in the teaching process and puts forward a new model of education which combines professional education with ideological and political education, that is, creating an architectural practice teaching platform that keeps pace with times and is updated in real time, establishing two ideological and political teaching lines and promoting social values from different historical time lines and multiple perspectives, constructing a three-time and three-space ideological and political teaching environment, and promoting the orderly penetration of four-in-one teaching links and ensuring the full range of personnel involved in the course. After three years of practice, the teaching effect is remarkable, which can provide foundation and construction direction for the ideological and political work of relevant professional courses.

    • XU Tengfei, YANG Cheng, ZHAO Renda, FU Haiying, LIU Xueyi, DENG Kailai

      2021,30(1):182-189, DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2021.01.025

      The fusion approach of ideological and political education into specialty courses, which has a high ratio of credits, determines the success in building up the ideological and political education system. Meanwhile, it is a challenge for the civil engineering teachers to fuse the ideological and political elements into specialty courses seamlessly and educates students naturally. Design principle of concrete structures is taken as an example to discuss the aims, strong points, and fusion approach of ideological and political education in specialty courses. In specialty courses of civil engineering, the aims of ideological and political education can be set in the views of political and national identities, moral characters and professional ethics, as well as academic ambition and scientific spirit. The introduction part of each curriculum always includes the outlines, engineering applications, development history, and learning methods of the curriculum. The elements of political and national identities, as well as moral characters and professional ethics can be refined and fused into the introduction part. In the sections of professional knowledges, academic ambition and scientific spirit elements can be refined and fused by using historical literatures and classical experiments in the development of the professional knowledges.

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    • Teaching Reform of Soil Mechanics Course Aiming atImproving Comprehensive Quality of Students

      Gao Xiaojuan, Li Yuehui

      It is a very important goal of education goal to improve the students’ comprehensive quality. As a university teacher in an engineering college, he should not only teach students professional knowledge to improve students" theoretical level but penetrated the values and professional ethics properly into the whole process of teaching to help them develop correct professional outlook and values appropriately. Take soil mechanics course as an example, the teacher shows engineering case with purposeful choice around students to stimulate students’ interest. So the students can take part in the case and do some useful things to teaching work. Numerical simulation method is introduced into the classroom to increase the intuitiveness of theoretical knowledge. Grasp the essence, clarify the relationship between knowledge points to stimulate interest in learning and scientific research, enhance the teaching effect. Exploring the ideological and political elements in classroom in case teaching to cultivate students" sense of seeking truth from facts and social responsibility. Training talents with knowledge and responsibility for the construction of the new era.

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    • Exploration of undergraduate tutorial system oriented by cultivating innovative ability

      LI Haidong, WANG Tong-wen, ZHAI Fei-fei, LIU Long, Yan Hai-yan, ZHANG Yun-xing

      In order to promote the reform of school education and teaching, stimulate the innovation consciousness and passion of undergraduates, and enhance the innovation ability of students, Henan Polytechnic University has explored the undergraduate tutorial system in the cultivation process of landscape architecture undergraduates. On the basis of fully analyzing the research hotspots and trends of the tutorial system for undergraduates in China, and combined with advantages and characteristics of our college, this paper explores and constructs the "Counselor + Homeroom Teacher + Undergraduate Tutor" training mode of tutor system. On this basis, a tutorial system with "Mentor Group" as the core is formed. At last, this paper analyzes the operation mechanism of the three modules of "Tutor Development", "Main Ways , and puts forward some practical suggestions on the localization reform of the undergraduate tutorial system. It is hoped that the tutorial system for undergraduate students can be used as a useful reference for the implementation and improvement of architecture related majors.

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    • Exploration on Ideological and Political Teaching of Design Courses of Urban and Rural Planning Major——By Taking Detailed Urban Planning (2) of Suzhou University of Science and Technology as an Example

      Lv Fei, Yu Miao, Wang Yu-cun

      According to the angle of ideological and political teaching, it takes the teaching of Detailed Urban Planning (2) at Suzhou University of Science and Technology as an example to make the exploration on the teaching ways for the design courses of Urban and Rural Planning Major in this thesis. Based on this, it hopes to promote the simultaneous improvement of the ideological and moral quality as well as the professional knowledge level of students. Then, it will carry out deep research on the all-round and all-chain teaching of the course from these aspects, such as the strength on building teaching team, the extension and perfection of the teaching content, the organization of immersive "teaching process and the improvement of the teaching evaluation system. What’s more, it will pay attention to the curriculum value system of urban spatial cognition and start from space justice to build the ideological and political teaching path of "emphasizing professional curriculum supplemented by ideological and political course". In this way, it will combine professional knowledge education with the practice of socialist core values, achieve the target of curriculum cultivation guided by "value system", and realize the collaborative education of people by combining professional education with ideological and political education. Key words:urban and rural planning; design courses; ideological and political teaching

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    • Status, Focus and Trends of the Research about Innovative Talents Training in China:Visual Analysis based on CSSCI Journals

      Ni Guodong, Gao Lan, Wang Wenshun, Yang Shengqi, Xu Na

      Taking 1602 papers about innovative talents training published in Chinese Social Sciences Citation Index (CSSCI) database from 1998 to 2019 as research samples, the authors analyzes the distribution of publication year, research institutions, core journals and research authors systematically by bibliometric analysis, and analyzes the hot topics and research trends about innovative talent training in China visually using CiteSpace software. Research results show that the hot topics of innovative talents training in China mainly include cultivation system, cultivation mode, teaching system and cultivation standards, and, the research evolution process can be roughly divided into four stages. In the future, research can be carried out around the cultivation law and path, “Double First-Class” construction, emerging engineering education, morality-preferred and people-oriented responsibility, education internationalization and other research fields.

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    • Research on the cultivation path of innovative thinking of architecture major from the perspective of high level research university:A comparison and reference of Chinese and Korean universities

      liuzhihong

      The innovative thinking training system of Architecture Specialty in high-level research university is the education system to construct the basic teaching training. Combined with the characteristics of the current preliminary education stage of architecture major, this paper expounds several basic principles of architectural basic teaching, and emphasizes the importance of cultivating the spatial creative thinking ability of architectural students. We should combine the training of first-class architectural talents in high-level research universities with social needs, and fully understand the social employment standards. We should strengthen the cultivation of students" innovative ability and practical ability, and cultivate high-quality architectural innovative professionals with professional quality, self-improvement ability and lifelong learning ability to meet the social needs. This study focuses on the comparison and reference of Chinese and Korean universities, and constructs the method and path of "innovative thinking training system of Architecture Specialty in high-level research university".

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    • Exploration and effect analysis of output-oriented achievement evaluation mechanism for Port, Waterway and Coastal Engineering

      FUXIAOLI

      The fundamental purpose of student-centered engineering education certification is to promote or enhance "educational output", that is, outcome-oriented results. In order to meet the needs of water conservancy science and technology talent training under the background of the new era, Tongji University’s Port, Waterway and Coastal Engineering major started from the revision of the training plan, and implemented the OBE concept through the revision of training objectives, the specific decomposition of graduation requirements, and the continuous improvement of the curriculum system to realize the transition from cultivating "discipline-oriented" talents to cultivating "engineering-oriented" talents, from cultivating talents with strong professional and technical capabilities to cultivating compound talents with professional capabilities, professional qualities, and social responsibilities. An evaluation mechanism for the achievement of courses and graduation requirements, and an evaluation mechanism for the rationality of training objectives have been established respectively, combined with the operation of the mechanism to carry out an example analysis, to achieve a comprehensive mid-to-long-term follow-up evaluation and continuous improvement of the training quality of undergraduates in this major.

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    • Reforming Practice on the Undergraduate Training Mode of the Internationalized Talents in Traffic Construction based on University-Enterprise Cooperation Education

      YangLin

      In order to meet the urgent need of international engineering talents for the development of Chinese transportation construction enterprises going abroad, Chongqing Jiaotong University has carried out 10 years of exploration and practice of university-enterprise cooperative training mode with industrial enterprises. Based on the three dimensions of "engineering knowledge, engineering practice and engineering management" of international engineering talents, the university has built "Overseas Class", "International Engineering Class" and "Cross-border Composite Experimental Class", which are customized in short term, systematic in long term. Diversified school-enterprise education modes such as "Overseas Class" for short term customization, "International Engineering Class" for long term system and "Cross-border Compound Experimental Class" have been built for flexible setting. Through cooperatively recruiting?students, designing course program, presenting courses or lectures, organizing academic?competitions, guiding graduation practice and evaluating training quality, the mutual benefit and win-win cooperative education long-acting mechanism has been built. More than 3500 graduates have been supplied to CCCC ( China Communications Construction Company ), CREC (China Railway Engineering Corporation ) and CRCC (?China Railway Construction Corporation) to meet the needs of the internationalized, diversified and high-quality talents for “one belt and one road” traffic construction projects.

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    • Experiment Curriculum Reform of CTGB Mix-true Design Based on Similarity Between Laboratory Test and Actual Production

      wanglong, xiexiaoguang

      In order to achieve the coordination of cement treat gravel base(CTGB) material mix proportion design between indoor experiment laboratory test, and production practice test results play the role of guidance to field construction, base on the analysis of the traditional course "mix proportion design of semi-rigid base test ", the course objectives were adjusted on the basis of the principle of production practice in harmony with indoor test;According to the new objective of the course, the equipment of vibration mixing, vibration molding and anti-scour was developed, standard test parameters were proposed, and numerical simulation of anti-scour test was carried out. The scour stress distribution of the scour specimen was clarified, which was used as the basis of analysis of anti-scour test for students.Through the analysis of the physical indexes of three groups of different mix ratio design test methods, the students have made clear the physical significance of the optimal water content and the influence rule on the maximum dry density by the three methods.The mechanical index test results of three different test methods showed that the compressive strength average increase of 2MPa was obtained in group A, which was by vibration mixing and vibration molding.It can save the cement by 1.3%. Through the analysis, the students have made clear the influence of different test methods on the strength and the mechanism of the influence.The scour resistance test of CTAB under different cement dosages shows that the mass loss decreases with the increase of cement dosages. Functional indexes should be taken into account when determining the cement dosages. Numerical simulation results can well explain the test phenomenon.Based on the new goals of the "semi-rigid base mix design experiment" course, so that the students clear mix design essence, it is not only to meet the strength requirements, but also to take into account the functional indicators, new goals are not only cultivate students" practical ability, but also largely cultivate students" ability to analyze and solve problems.

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    • Teaching reform practice of “civil engineering materials” course based on the concept of science and education collaboration

      ZENG Gang, LI Zheng, WANG Yuanyuan, XU Fuwei

      "Civil engineering materials" course is an important professional compulsory course for civil engineering majors. The collaborative education of science and education is an important concept of talent training in universities and colleges, and it is also a hot issue for university administrators and higher education researchers. Based on the analysis of the teaching difficulties of civil engineering materials, this paper puts forward the teaching goal of "theory knowledge, innovation ability and scientific research literacy". It also makes a beneficial exploration and Practice on the connection point of scientific research work to the educational resources, the entry point of research results and professional knowledge, the implementation path of the concept of science and education coordination.

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    • Design and realization of virtual simulation experiment system for soil mechanical properties in complex environment

      BIAN Yadong, YIN Song, LI Xinming, CHEN Yuting, WANG Kai

      Based on virtual simulation technology, a virtual simulation experiment system of soil mechanical properties under complex environment is developed. The system can realize the repeated dry wet cycle and freeze-thaw cycle of soil samples through the virtual simulation experiment device. The influence of hot summer and rainy, heat and cold on the mechanical properties of soil can be simulated. The consolidation, direct shear and triaxial tests are carried out to test the strength and deformation characteristics of soil samples under complex environment. The operation process of virtual test were similar to that of real test. The interactive feeling was lifelike. Students can intuitively experience the process of environmental simulation and mechanical test of soil samples and overcome the difficulties of hard realization, high cost and limited by time and space. Students could understand the effect of complex environment on soil mechanical properties in limited classroom teaching time.

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    • Innovation of Territorial Spatial Planning from the perspective of basic research——On the Teaching of Regional Planning

      Zhang Jigang, Chen Ruotian, Tian Liling

      Since the reform and opening up, China?s urbanization process has accelerated, and the opportunities for regional development have prompted the education of regional planning courses in urban and rural planning to face challenges, especially at present, the sustainable development of regional planning and the innovative development of comprehensive land and space planning , There is an urgent need to rely on the advancement of basic research and its innovation results. This article briefly analyzes the significant promotion effect of relevant basic research development on regional planning from three levels of theory, technology and practice, and further proposes that, in the critical stage of China?s new era development, on the one hand, regional planning must be proactive and relevant to basic research. The combination of innovation and major breakthroughs can effectively promote the transformation and upgrading of China"s regional planning. On the other hand, regional planning must actively integrate with the territorial and spatial planning system, and develop new demands for regional planning and curriculum teaching in accordance with the development of territorial and spatial planning at different levels From the perspective of basic research and innovation, put forward the concept and path of regional planning curriculum teaching practice innovation, so as to provide continuous deepening and innovative talent preparation and theoretical preparation for land and space planning, and promote the long-term sustainable development of land and space planning practice.

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    • Exploration and practice of the practice education in university laboratories under the background of three-aspect comprehensive education

      yuyu

      The laboratory is animportant position for universities to organize experiment teaching, carry out innovative scientific research, cultivate students"" practical ability, and stimulate students"" innovative spirit and vitality. Taking the opportunity of the construction of the first batch of pilot universities forthe comprehensive reform of" Three-aspect Comprehensive Education ", Chongqing University has comprehensively promoted the comprehensive reform ofthe " Three-aspect Comprehensive Education ", has established ten major education systems, including curriculum education, scientific research education, practice education, culture education, network education, psychology education, management education, service education, subsidized education, and organization education,and has constructed six important education positions, including classrooms, dormitories, laboratories, canteens, venues and libraries. In terms of laboratory practice education,Chongqing Universityhas established avertically and horizontally integrated laboratory practice education system, has expanded the education space, has formed a laboratory pattern of " Three-aspect Comprehensive Education ", and hassolidly promoted the fundamental task of moral enhancement and talent cultivation.

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    • Dilemma and countermeasures of online guidance for civil engineering graduation design

      KANG Yan-qing, LIAO Hong-jian, GUO Xiu-qin, BAI Meng-meng, LI Ying, ZHANG Yu

      According to?the?practical?teaching?characteristics?of?civil?engineering graduation?design, the paper puts forward?some?countermeasures?on?how?to?carry?out online?guidance?effectively?under?the?COVID-19?epidemic to?ensure?the progress?and?quality. The civil?engineering graduation?project?is?a?special?comprehensive training?that?combines professional?theory?and engineering?practice with?many?tasks. This paper analyzes the difficulties of on-line guidance of civil engineering graduation design, such as difficulty in finding professional design manuals and specifications, poor intuitiveness in drawing guidance and theoretical derivation, poor individual learning atmosphere, and difficulty in supervision by teachers. The paper probes into the countermeasures from the aspects of constructing the electronic literature database, using the multi-dimensional network teaching platform, enhancing the interactive activities, refining the task objectives, strengthening the process management and control, and guaranteeing the design quality and progress.Combining with the concrete case, the paper introduces the implementation process and the teaching effect, and forms a set of effective on-line guidance mode, which gives prominence to the principal position of students and the leading role of teachers, from the angle of quantity and quality, it achieves the expected teaching goal and effect, which can be used for reference in the online instruction of the same kind of design courses.

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    • The Diversion Dilemma and Countermeasures of General Enrollment in Architecture Majors of Local HEIs

      HU Jushan, SUN Changsheng, ZHANG Chunying

      With the advance of “ general enrollment and diffluence cultivation ” pattern in Local HEIs (local higher education institutions), the problems of specialty differentiation in the division of architectural majors are increasingly outstanding . This paper finds that major selection is influenced by six factors and three levels by analyzing students’ process of thinking constructing. In the usual diversion pattern, the major selection presents two consistency deviations of architectural tendency even though the prospect and subject strength are similar between two majors. urban image causes the first deviation in major selection, and mere exposure effect reinforces the first deviation while mass-following Psychology leads to the second deviation. Therefore, it is an important guarantee for the overall planning of specialty construction to formulate targeted coping strategies and optimize specialty diversion mechanism.

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    • Teaching innovation and construction of fire resistance experiment teaching platform of building structure based on virtual technology

      chen wei, Ye Jihong, Zhang Yingying, Long Bangyun, Jiang Jian

      At present, the fire resistance experiment teaching of building structure has gradually become an important teaching element of the course of civil engineering disaster prevention and mitigation. However, only a few universities in China have the physical platform of building structure fire resistance experiment. Meanwhile, due to the particularity of fire resistance experiment, the related teaching resources are very limited. Based on the modern technologies of multimedia, network communication and virtual simulation, a series of teaching resources have been constructed, including physical experiment platform, virtual simulation platform, virtual teaching aids, micro experiment video and MOOC. A experimental teaching platform of building structure fire resistance is developed. Using the platform, the traditional experimental teaching mode is broke through. Taking interest as the core, this paper explores the teaching scheme of the combination of virtual and actual, and the integration of experimental teaching and theoretical teaching is realized. Meanwhile, the evaluation system of experiment teaching is established, which emphasizes both process and result, and pays attention to continuous improvement. In addition, it emphasizes the autonomy and innovation of learning, encourages students to try boldly, enhances their subjective initiative and professional competitiveness.

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    • Critical "visual perception training"——an architectural art education reform

      XieZhaoyu

      目前国内建筑美术教育,可以归纳为“传统技法训练”、“结构素描训练”以及更符合当下趋势的“视知觉训练”三大体系。通过分析它们的发源及特点,对比不同学者的教学总结,可以总结现今国内建筑美术教育的概况及革新方向。同时,在深入分析“视知觉训练”体系其具体教学构架、特性及不足的基础上,针对地方院校建筑美术教育的现状,从“在地性”、“课程联动”、“个人情感”等方面入手能够提出某种批判视角下的“视知觉训练”新构想,并据此进行相应的教改实验。

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    • Research on Popular Science Present Situation and Demand of Smart Community Residents —— analysis based on 849 questionnaires nationwide

      liwenjing, zhangLijian, xianglihui

      In order to understand the present situation of urban community residents under the background of smart community construction and community science popularization information,mastering the expectations of urban community residents in terms of popular science channels, contents and forms,and then explore the effective ways and methods to realize the urban community wisdom science popularization and precision science popularization.Through statistics on 849 questionnaires nationwide, the results show that: The demand for popular science among residents is concentrated on the level of survival and life,use smart platforms frequently,residents from the community to obtain limited knowledge of popular science, community satisfaction with popular science needs to be improved. Therefore, it is necessary to provide intelligent and accurate services, innovate the forms and channels of community science popularization, perfect the two-way interaction mechanism between community and residents, and integrate the popular science resources of social organizations and units under the jurisdiction.

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    • Practice of teaching reform of Planting Design based on optimization of planning and design program

      XU Jin, DENG Xiao-fei, , CHEN Wei-chang, Qiu Yan

      Planting design is an important professional course of landscape architecture major. Based on the spatial color organization method proposed in the previous stage, this paper optimized a set of complete plant landscape planning and design procedures, including prophase analysis, planting scheme planning, planting layout planning, spatial color organization method application and planting design, and illustrated the procedures step-by-step through the "planting redesign of Guangzhou children"s park" as a case, in order to provide assistance toSthe teaching of planting design and related courses in domestic landscape architecture major.

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    • Exploration of the Master's Cultivation Mechanism for Interdisciplinary (Professional) Students from the Perspective of "Three Integrity Education"

      Yan Xiaoli

      "Three Integrity Education" requires continuous improvement of the pertinence and effectiveness of talent training through all employees, the whole process, and all-round measures and paths. Interdisciplinary (professional) graduate students have obvious characteristics. After analysis, it is found that turning "disadvantages" into "strengths" is a breakthrough to improve the quality of scientific research, but there is a huge gap between their advantages and disadvantages. How to make up for this gap is the key to problem solving. Based on the idea of "three integrity education", a master's cultivation mechanism for interdisciplinary (professional) students has been constructed, including the realization of “full-staff education” through the “four into one” system, realization of "full-process education" through the whole process and key links of the cultivation; realization of "all-round education" through the joint efforts.

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    • Teaching reform andSpractice of water quality engineering course under the background of emerging engineering education

      ZHAO Zhi-wei, LI Li, XIANG Ping, GU Li, JIAGN Yan, CAO Zhi-ping, ZENG Jie, JIANG Shao-jie

      The emerging engineering education is posing a new challenge to the cultivation of professional talents. As the traditional core course of Water Science and Engineering, The Course of water quality engineering is both theoretical and practical, involving a wide range of professional knowledge and comprehensiveness. It is necessary to focus on the connotation of new engineering and national major needs, thus to reform and innovate courses. Aiming at the problems existing in traditional teaching, based on the student-centered approach, to design the multi-level teaching objectives according to ‘knowledge exploration, capacity building, and value guidance’, and to update the teaching contents in line with the latest developments in the industry; to design teaching activities based on the multi-dimensional teaching objectives; to carry out teacher-guided and accompany-style autonomous learning mode; to innovate teaching organization through the adjustment and integration of the sequence of teaching links; to use various classroom forms such as interest experiment introduction, case analysis, classroom debate, flipped classroom, etc.; to assist new information technology; to achieve value guidance by intensifying curriculum ideology and politics; to build a full-cycle systematic evaluation system. The practical application of teaching reform has achieved certain results, which can provide some guidance and reference for the teaching of Water Science and Engineering, Environmental Engineering and other related majors.

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    • The construction and practice of civil engineering graduates" innovative ability cultivation system based on large-scale engineering

      ZHANG Jianwei, CAO Wanlin, Dong Hongying, Qiao Qiyun

      In order to improve the innovation ability training level of civil engineering graduate students, the following seven factors affecting the cultivation of innovation ability of graduate students were analyzed: source of students, academic dissertations, supervisors, training environment, training model, training system and large-scale engineering. And the inner law of the interactive development between the seven key factors was revealed. The reform of educational idea, teaching method and mean were carried out. Four training platforms were established, including the comprehensive experiment and training platform inside school, the sharing training platform inside and outside school, the innovation alliance training platform and the large-scale engineering industrial base training platform. Three training models were proposed based on large-scale engineering, including the practical research and development mode, the group discussion mode and the open training mode. Finally an innovative three-dimensional training system integrating “production, study, research and application” was created. These innovations have been put into practice and achieved remarkable effects. The teamwork-oriented, engineering practice and innovation ability of graduate students were greatly improved.

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    • Research on the vocational education training mechanism majoring in prefabricated construction and focusing on the combination of education and training, scientific research support, and five-dimensional collaboration

      GOU HANMEI, ZHANG YINHUI, LUO WENJIN, GUO YINGYING, ZHENG ZHOULIAN

      Based on theory of all-round development and coordinated development of people and focused on typical issues such as "what to teach", "who will teach", "how to teach", and "who guarantees", the authors proposed three mechanism majoring in prefabricated building in accordance with the reform requirements of teachers, teaching materials, and teaching methods. One is the modular curriculum integration mechanism of course, certificate and post. The second is the teacher development mechanism of research and teaching. The third is the teaching reform mechanism combining "intelligence +" education and training. The last is the five-dimensional collaborative training guarantee mechanism for government, industry, school, education and research. These mechanisms have realized the innovation of education concept, education mechanism, education platform and education content.

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    • Reform of teaching mode of renovation design course with the concept of "Teaching, Learning, Evaluation and Inheritance"

      Mao Yalong, Lu Huifang

      Through the four aspects of “teaching, learning, reviewing and inheritance”.take the existing industrial building renovation design course as an example ,to analyze the teaching mode of reforming design course, and explore the ways of course teaching reform, the diversified teaching mode is a high-quality teaching team composed of architects of architects, planners and other experts, teaches the core meaning of design principles, Choose construction sites as teaching sites and Research heuristic teaching; Multi-channel learning is to ask questions from experts, observe the construction site, study topics and other ways of learning; Multi-type evaluation focuses on extensive communication, sharing and discussion. school teachers and outside experts to evaluate various types of drawings; Multi-perspective inheritance mode of the curriculum value, curriculum concept, and to learn the culture culture.

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    • Exploration on Contextualized Teaching Model of Architecture Major

      Wang Keqi

      Under the background of building first-class specialties of higher education, the era, the social needs, and the comprehensive characteristics, practical characteristics and unique thinking mode demand that the talents training of architecture major should change the teaching mode, look for multidimensional ways to activate the inert knowledge actively, explore the mode that teacher and students guiding together, establish environment of team participatory learning and sharing, create the contextualized situation, adhere to the “student-centered” thought, and be goal-oriented with these mentioned above, carry out contextualized teaching model with the help of environmental creation and project traction in the process of teaching, meanwhile, the teachers should do the effort of “traction”, which can awaken the power of the students,arouse the student’s autonomy, initiative and collaborative effectively, and improve students’ team spirit, innovation consciousness and comprehensive ability.

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    • Design and practice of MOOC based blended teaching in concrete structure course

      XU Li-hua, CHI Yin, LIU Su-mei, FAN Mei, HU Xiao-bin

      MOOC (Massive Open Online Course),as a new online teaching mode, is an important form of a combination of information technology and education. It provides support and guarantee for blended teaching, and plays a crucial role in boosting the education revolution and intensive development for college and university courses. Based on the national excellent resource sharing course "Design of concrete structure" at Wuhan University(abbreviated as concrete structure), the MOOC course construction based on MOOC platform is carried out. The curriculum structure is transformed and optimized through the content reconstruction, teaching design and online applicability, and the curriculum characteristics are formed. Based on the OBE (Outcome-Based Education) concept, according to the degree of difficulty of knowledge points, different levels and different forms of blended teaching mode are constructed, and the corresponding evaluation methods are established. Practice shows that it can stimulate the enthusiasm and initiative of students and improve the quality of teaching.

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    • Integration of curriculum political education and engineering education certification

      Zhang Lifang, Cheng Ye

      Carrying out engineering education certification and curriculum politics education are the important works in the construction and reform of engineering specialty, and it is imperative to integrate the two together. Based on the analysis of 12 graduation requirements of engineering education certification standard and political connotation in curriculums, it is found that curriculum ideological and political education can cover all the non-technical index requirements of engineering certification. It is proposed that curriculum political education needs top-level design. Ttaking civil engineering major of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics as an example, the top-level design and implementation measures of ideological and political curriculum are proposed. Combining the ideological and political objectives with the graduation requirements of certification standard in a planned way, so as to achieve the quality requirements of professional personnel training and realize the ideological and political objectives of the courses.

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    • Research on the University Training Mode for International Graduate Students Majoring in Transportation Engineering-Taking Southeast University as an Example

      Yu Bin, Zhou Wen, Yang Qian, Cheng Jianchuan, Gu Xingyu

      With the continuous development of the “Belt and Road” strategy, a large number of international students are attracted to China for graduate studies. How to cultivate professional and technical personnel in traffic and transportation engineering from countries along the “Belt and Road” is a new challenge for colleges and universities in China. In order to deeply explore the training model of postgraduates majoring in transportation engineering in China, selected overseas students majoring in transportation engineering from Southeast University to conduct questionnaire survey and analysis; through the principal component factor analysis method, obtained the status quo in four aspects: the participation of graduate students in campus activities, the relevance of scientific research topics, the grasp of learning focus, and the degree of scientific research task commitment; through sample testing, the similarities and differences of the adaptability of overseas graduate students from Asian and African countries to the university training model are analyzed. The survey results reflected the living and learning status of international students in the School of Transportation of Southeast University. This research then conducted data analysis to explore the weakness of the cultivation of international graduate students and putted forward corresponding suggestions.

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    • A preliminary study on the training of postgraduates in urban and rural planning under the integration of informatization

      gao yueer

      The development of digital technology and the improvement of information technology provide new methodology and theoretical support for urban planning, and strengthen the rational core of urban planning. However, the curriculum based on information integration is still in a weak position in the graduate teaching of urban planning. Based on the analysis of the improvement of information skills and the absence of information literacy training in the teaching system of urban planning graduate students in China, this paper analyzes the training courses and training methods of urban planning graduate students in three famous European and American planning universities, namely, New York University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and University College of London, and puts forward corresponding suggestions from three aspects: training objectives, curriculum setting and teaching methods

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    • The teaching exploration and practice path of the integration of ideological and political elements in the course of “Seismic Design of Underground Structures”

      CHEN Zhiyi, YAO Yixing

      The exploration and practice of curriculum ideological and political elements integrated into professional curriculum teaching is an important manifestation of Xi Jinping’s guiding ideology of higher education. Aiming at the current limitations of “Curriculum Ideological and Political” education in civil engineering, grasping key issues, taking the “Seismic Design of Underground Structures” course as an example, the article proposes to establish the correct professional curriculum teaching goals and ideological and political teaching goals, and actively enrich and expand teaching methods. According to the teaching content of “Seismic Design of Underground Structure”, deeply excavate the ideological and political elements related to the knowledge points of professional courses, and set clear goal orientation. Relying on the ideological and political elements extracted in each chapter, design the corresponding ideological and political teaching system, starting from the four dimensions of case introduction, case analysis, teaching process design, and teaching effect evaluation, exploring the teaching path that combines curriculum ideological and political with professional courses. Through the cases closely linked with actual ideological and political elements, the practice of teaching “curriculum ideology and politics”, the ideological and political achievements will be included in the final assessment results. Efforts to realize the integration of professional knowledge and ideological and political connotation, so as to realize the virtue and cultivation of people.

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    • Integrated Curriculum Design of Architectural Courses in Civil Engineering Based on the CDIO Concept

      Hong Yan

      This study analyzed the influence of the design of integrated curriculum of civil engineering majors and the change of the completion semester of subjects on the quality of students'' major knowledge system and graduation projects according to the concept of CDIO engineering education based on conceive, design, element and operation. Through this, the integrated curriculum plan of the architectural courses will be reviewed to improve the quality of the graduation project and the practical abilities. This study was conducted on graduates from 2017-2020 of the university to which the author belongs. This research figured out that the integrated curriculum plan of architectural courses can effectively improve students'' comprehensive mastery of architectural knowledge. Furthermore, although the teaching team has a clear understanding of the coherence between architectural courses from the perspective of "teaching", but the students still do not have a clear understanding of the coherence between the courses from the perspective of "receiving". They stayed in mastering the contents of each course, which failed to meet the "integrated learning experiences" required by CDIO.

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    • Research on the Quality Analysis and Improvement Countermeasures of Master Postgraduate Students——Take the School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering of China University of Mining and Technology as an example

      yangshengqi, Huang Yanhua, Li Yang, Wu Yuanzhou

      The quality of postgraduate students is directly related to the quality of postgraduate training in colleges and universities, and also affects the level of discipline construction in colleges and universities. In recent years, with the continuous increase in the scale of enrollment for postgraduate students, how to increase the proportion of high-quality postgraduate students has become particularly important for the training of talents and the development of disciplines in higher colleges and universities. This paper takes the School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering of China University of Mining and Technology as an example. Based on the data of master student source of this school in 2016-2019, the registration status of master graduate students in various majors is analyzed, and the proportion of high-quality students and the characteristics of the source structure of graduate students were discussed. The countermeasures to improve the quality of graduate students are put forward, which can provide important reference value for the enrollment of graduate students in similar universities in the future.

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    • Construction of Strategy for Civil Engineering Based on Accreditation Engineering Education

      Du Juan, Wang Zaicheng, Li Zhanjie

      Due to the accreditation of Civil Engineering in Hainan University, the educational objectives, graduation requirements, practical curriculum, teaching pedagogy and some other aspects are deeply researched and practiced based on the core ideology of Accreditation Engineering Education. Meanwhile, the similarities and differences in program setup and objectives of Civil Engineering for undergraduate education are compared and analyzed between State University of New York Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly) and Hainan University. The merits of the SUNY Poly program are reflected and noted for potential beneficial aspects one can adopt in the future. The ultimate goal of strategy for Civil Engineering is to cultivate talent Civil Engineering graduates with distinctive regional characteristics and meets the thriving market demand of Hainan province.

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    • Teaching with aptitude,Altering with condition ——Reflection on teaching of Eaglet program

      wzngzhiyang, yanbo

      The "Eaglet program" is a bridge between universities and high schools. Over the years, the plan has not only provided high school students with opportunities to study science and technology in depth, but also cultivated many talents with good scientific research foundation for universities. "Eaglet program" can not only stimulate high school students' interest and enthusiasm for scientific research, but also cultivate students' scientific literacy, innovation consciousness and practical ability. It is also an important way for colleges and universities to give back to the society and show their own image. Under the "colleges & high school" mode of University and high school, it provides an important platform for cultivating innovative talents. In the process of participating in the teaching and project research of the "Eaglet program", the author has a lot of experience in carrying out the project through communication and discussion with the students. Based on the review of the whole process of guiding the phase of the project, this paper discusses the particularity of scientific research subject, the uniqueness of scientific research methods and the diversity of scientific research means under the "colleges & high school" cooperation mechanism. From the perspective of Eaglet students, it also analyzes the training measures and characteristics of Eaglet students, and the key content to be grasped in the training process, and the future development of Eaglet program. Finally, we look forward to it.

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    • Innovation of Practical Teaching System for Civil Engineering under Emerging Engineering Education

      che wei

      In this paper, the civil engineering major of China University of Geosciences (Beijing) is taken as the object to study the practice teaching system under the background of new engineering. This paper systematically analyzes the problems existing in the current practice teaching system of our school, and adheres to the principle of student-centered, and establishes a multi-level plane spiral practice teaching framework system of "point face combination, module combination, spiral progression, new technology enhancement and all-round penetration". We have developed the "school enterprise collaborative practice information platform app" and adopted the "double tutor" system for undergraduates both inside and outside the university to provide strong guarantee for the effective implementation of our "new civil engineering" practice system.

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    • The innovation of teaching method for engineering students based on cloud computing platform under the background of COVID-19

      Xia Yingjie, Zhao Danchen, Tang Chunan, Liang Zhengzhao, Zhang Yongbin

      The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia has prevented the college students from returning to school after the winter vacation. The Ministry of Education issued the guidance of online courses. In view of the problems such as the difficulty of online teaching, the low participation of students and the poor learning effect of experimental courses in colleges and universities, the innovative teaching method of experimental courses in colleges and universities based on the cloud platform of numerical calculation is proposed. Through the practice of courses teaching during the epidemic period, the effect of the teaching mode is remarkable. This method solves the boring problems of engineering experimental courses during the epidemic period effectively, and improves students' interest and learning efficiency. Through the actual operation of the cloud computing platform and numerical calculation software, it improves students' ability to understand and solve engineering practical problems. In addition, based on the summary of engineering practical problems, it improves students' scientific research quality for their subjects’ research. The research results in this paper can provide references for the teaching of engineering experimental courses in colleges and universities under the background of epidemic period.

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    • Exploration on Teaching Methods of Architectural Design Courses under the Narrative Thinking

      Zhang Qianqian

      Creating narrative places and spaces is one of the most important design trends of contemporary architecture. Understanding the narrative of architecture from the perspective of experience interaction is a remarkably important way of architectural design thinking. In the teaching process of this graduation design, by guiding students to construct the narrative space in the design, to strengthen the training of the students' narrative design thinking, and to enhance the logic expression in the students' design works. This paper also takes some examples of students' work to explore the operability of implementing narrative design thinking in design courses, aims to provide directions and basis for future teaching reforms.

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    • Discussion on the curriculum reform of civil engineering major under the background of "New Engineering"

      Tang Yong-jing, Guan Linbo, Wu Jing, Li Yan, Tong Lewei

      Based on the "new engineering" under the background of the development and change of the civil engineering industry, combining the directions of educating undergraduate talents and the characteristics of college students who were born after 2000, this paper puts forward the fact that the general undergraduate students majoring in civil engineering should focus on applying engineering science, project management coordination, and the engineering technology innovation to ensure the normal graduate in civil engineering of intelligent construction up to engineering application and management work. Based on the multi-disciplinary development, new ways of thinking and innovation can be initiated. Taking the basic curriculum reform of “Basic principles of concrete structure” as an example, considering the technology updates of civil engineering industry, we employed the modern teaching and learning approaches to discuss curriculum reform. In terms of teaching content, precast prefabricated concrete structure and BIM technologies in civil engineering industry are actively combined with traditional knowledge to form a new framework of “basic principles of concrete structure” courses. From the view of pedagogy, we should fully explore and use the Internet+ learning platform and various teaching methods to better stimulate the willingness to learn of the students born after 2000, so as to improve the effectiveness of teaching.

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    • Progressive teaching method of conceptual analysis for students’ independent learning capability

      SUN Feifei, DUAN Ning-ling

      Taking the subject of structural mechanics as an example, the teaching method of progressive conceptual analysis is proposed from the perspective of “student-centered teaching”. The contradiction between teaching and learning of structural mechanics is expounded. The cultivation of conceptual analysis capability is divided into three stages: concept comprehension capability, concept discrimination capability and flexible concept application capability. Setting specific exercises which embody concepts, and then train students to summarize problem solving methods and clarify problem solving ideas from the perspective of conceptual analysis independently. It is aimed at developing students’ independent learning capability. The concept comprehension capability can be improved by setting wrong-prone exercises. The concept discrimination capability can be improved by setting easily confused exercises. The flexible concept application capability can be improved by setting multi-solution exercises. It can solve the difficulty of conceptual analysis teaching by using concept comprehension, concept discrimination and flexible concept application capability as steps. This teaching method is general and applicable to the teaching of most science and technology subjects.

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    • The Teaching Organization and Investigation Evaluation of Competition as Design Course

      Zhouxi, Zhangfang

      Various high-level design competitions are very helpful to the teaching of architecture undergraduates.Among the various forms of participation organization, choosing a competition as a design course organization for all teachers and students to participate has many advantages, but there are also some difficulties.Through the teaching practice of competition courses organized in recent years, the advantages and disadvantages of competition courses was analyzed, and the teaching organization process from competition topic selection, in-class teaching to extended after-school tutoring.was summarized. Through questionnaire survey analysis, it is found that students generally positively evaluate the competition courses, most of them can keep up with the competition rhythm, but there are more teaching needs; teachers also agree with the competition courses and believe that the original teaching framework can basically meet the requirements of the competition. Targeted education reform measures. were needed to develop. In short, competition as a design course is a feasible and beneficial teaching activity, and it is necessary to continuously accumulate experience and improve teaching organization.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Basic Teaching of Architecture Specialty in Local Universities for Holistic Education

      LV Yuan, ZHAO Rui, LIU Yue, ZHANG Qing

      Holistic education aims at cultivating students inner self, helping them to live freely, fully, comprehensively, harmoniously and continuously, and contributing to society. According to the characteristics and training needs of freshmen in local universities, based on the Holistic Education, the basic teaching and training mode of architecture specialty should adapt to the diversified development of students "interests, and promote students" personality and mental development in the future. Basic teaching of architecture specialty should provide courses combining with daily life experience, combining with professional practice, combining with research frontier, combining with personal growth, and improving teaching methods, enhancing curriculum experience, practicality, inquiry, interaction, and openness, and providing personalized guidance and multi-dimensional display evaluation to stimulate interest and enthusiasm in learning, release students" potential, promote practical operation ability and innovative thinking ability, establish their own personal and social values, so as to achieve deeper self-improvement and promotion.

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    • Characteristics and prospect of undergraduate ecological education conducted in Chinese colleges of landscape architecture

      WANG Qiong-xuan, YANG Rong, WANG Yun-cai

      Under the background of the increasingly severe ecological crisis and the construction of ecological civilization, the education of landscape architecture in China undertakes the responsibility of cultivating professionals with ecological awareness and ecological literacy for social development. As the basic support and key construction direction of landscape architecture disciplines, the combination of landscape ecology education with the discipline construction and the development of landscape ecology become the intrinsic requirements to measure the ecological development of the discipline. In this paper, we select 10 typical domestic colleges and universities which opened landscape architecture originating from architecture or agriculture and forestry. Making their undergraduate education programs among nearly recent years as the main research objects, this paper analyzes the curriculum types, teaching types, content distribution, and curriculum composition of ecological education in landscape architecture, and summarizes the present situation of the curriculum composition and basic characteristics of landscape architecture ecological education at undergraduate level in domestic colleges and universities. Then it prospects that the ecological education of landscape architecture should play a role in response to the needs of the ecological society in the new era.

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    • Reform of the steel structure experiment of civil engineering structure experiment course

      ZHAO Bida, WANG Jiandong, LIU Daichun

      For civil engineering, civil engineering structure experiment is a very important professional course, which divided into two parts: steel structure experiment and concrete structure experiment. The main shortcomings in the part of steel structure experiment including focusing on theory and neglecting practice, lack of experimental content, inability to strengthen the theoretical teaching effect, and few practical links for students. The reasons for the shortcomings are analyzed, and teaching reforms are explored in terms of teaching methods and teaching content. In terms of teaching methods, student autonomy experiments was emphasized, and teacher-student interaction was increased by the use of social information platforms. In terms of teaching content, it is proposed to change the steel beam bending test from a demonstrative test to a destructive test designed by students. The destructive test can enhance the theoretical teaching effect, e.g., improve the understanding of partial plate buckling and overall instability of the beam. In addition, the practice of assembling the steel components into the overall steel structure in the test was also proposed. The purpose of the teaching reform is to improve the quality of steel structure test teaching, and then improve the teaching effect of steel structure theory and curriculum design practice. The paper also provides a reference for strengthening students" practical ability, engineering ability and innovation ability training.

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    • Design and Practice of Research-oriented Teaching Case in Elastic Mechanics

      LIU Zi-xin, LIU Zhang-jun, SUN Zhi-guo

      Under the background of national "golden course" construction, research-oriented teaching not only emphasizes the unity of "teaching" and "learning", but also attaches importance to the integration of "teaching" and "research", which has become the focus of teaching reform in higher education at present. Incorporating research-oriented teaching into mechanics courses can better stimulate students" learning enthusiasm and innovative spirit, deepen their understanding and mastery of knowledge, and pay more attention to the engineering application of mechanics knowledge. Elasticity is one of the most difficult courses for engineering undergraduates. Its essence is to solve the boundary value problem of partial differential equations under given boundary conditions. However, the difficulty of solving elastic mechanics is that it is greatly difficult to satisfy the boundary conditions. Therefore, in the teaching practice of elastic mechanics, taking Saint Venant’s Principle and its application as an example, the design and practice of research-oriented teaching case are implemented. Through the in-depth elaboration and extension of the basic concepts, basic problems and basic methods in the basic teaching contents, combined with typical engineering examples, how to effectively understand and flexibly apply Saint Venant"s principle in different local boundaries is discussed in this study. The effect of teaching practice shows that carrying out research-oriented teaching in mechanics courses can enable students to more deeply understand the essence of mechanics and the flexibility of its application, and then feel the beauty of mechanics.

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    • The Inspiration from Idea of Engineering Science

      Que Renbo

      Inverse analysis of the historical context in which Qian Xuesen proposed idea of engineering science was performed. The difference between technology based on experience and technology based on science were first introduced. And then the idea of engineering science proposed by Qian Xuesen was introduced logically. The talent-training mode based on such a philosophy of engineering science is inspiring,especially for teaching of mechanics, which is a paradigm of engineering science. An in-depth interpretation was offered by combining with examples.

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    • Structural Mechanics Online Mixed Teaching Innovation and Practice

      CAO Zhouyang

      In order to ensure the quality of online mixed teaching of structural mechanics, promote students'' active learning and improve the quality of personnel training during the outbreak of NCP. Based on the teaching syllabus and training objectives of structural mechanics, choose Learning Tong and Dingding software as the teaching platform, optimize the allocation of teaching resources, innovate classroom teaching design, through moral education, learning guidance, learning exploration, teaching improvement and teaching innovation, the online mixed classroom teaching effect is guaranteed. through the four modules of homework, test, interactive discussion and sign in, the whole process of teaching management is fair and just, and the results are true and effective.The results show that the students have a positive attitude towards learning, their enthusiasm for active learning is significantly improved, their usual performance is better, and the final paper performance is good, basically achieving the goal of substantially equivalent online and offline teaching effects.Teachers'' diligence, students'' exertion, the online mixed teaching mode of structural mechanics courses can guarantee and improve the quality of student training.

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    • Research and Practice of 3+2 Inquiry-based Teaching with Situation Creation—— Course of Civil Engineering Materials as an example

      Zhang Min, Huang Yi-seng, He Chun-bao, Yang Jia-fang, Lu Jin-chi, Li Geng-ying

      The training of students with high quality, responsibility and innovation capability is indentified as essential goal in college education, which also has been inevitable requirement of “Double-First Class” initiative for all universities. Civil engineering has a unique position and important roles in the training of university education. It is quite necessary not only paying attentions on process, but also on purpose of college engineering education. The inquiry-based education model has the absoluteSsuperiority because of its capability of combining process and goals together. Taking an inquiry-based teaching system with 3+2 goals has been proposed in this paper according to the basic principles of inquiry science teaching, the characteristics of engineering education and the requirements of training goals. This system includes training goals and processes of knowledge, skills, scientific approaches and study attitude. Meanwhile, a teaching strategy which is creating learning situations, posing research questions and projects has been proposed and implemented during teaching. The practice shows that this teaching mode has good efficiency on improving the innovation ability and scientific literacy of students with its strong feasibility and prominent scientificity and innovation.

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    • Analysis on the Effective Ways to Enhance the Effectiveness of Science Education Activities in Science and Technology Museums

      Sun Xiao-li, He Su-xing, Wu Yuan, Miao Xiu-jie

      As a major place for informal science education, carrying out science education activities is an important means to realize the educational function of science and technology museums. In this paper the general situation and connotation of educational activities are analyzed in this article, focusing on the necessity and significance of science education activities in science and technology museums, the current situation and problems of educational activities of science and technology museums in China, and the basic characteristics of educational activities of science and technology museums. From the aspects of subject, acceptor, educational concept, service and operation of science and technology museums, this paper gives some thoughts and suggestions on how to create education activities with characteristics of science and technology museums, for promoting the educational function of the science and technology museums, and making the science and technology museums a place of lifelong education accepted by the public.

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    • The Reform and Practice of Virtual Simulation Aided Basic Courses of Architecture Design——Take “Constructio of the Chinese Southern Pavilion Virtual Simulation Experiment” of Zhejiang A&F University as an Example

      zhangxi, Hongmiao

      Nowadays architectural design basic courses are constrained by site constraints and traditional teaching models, there are shortcomings of lack of engineering practice ability training, repetitive teaching, and students′difficulty in understanding three-dimensional space. Aim to these shortcomings, “Construction of the Chinese Southern Pavilion Virtual Simulation Experiment” of Zhejiang A F University developed “virtual construction” module for engineering practice ability training, “basic cognition” module for repetitive teaching problem and “case learning” module for three-dimensional spatial cognition understanding problem, and It has explored the reform of teaching methods suitable for it. Teaching practices have shown that virtual simulation experiments can largely compensate for the shortcomings of traditional teaching models. With the continuous development and maturity of high-tech information technology, virtual simulation experiments will play an increasingly important role in teaching activities effect.

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    • Study on the Cultivation Model of Graduation Design for Civil Engineering Majors Combining Scientific Research Innovation and Engineering Practice

      WANG Jingxuan, WANG Wenda, ZHANG Xinze

      The graduation design is the final work in the undergraduate teaching process of civil engineering. It is a systematic inspection and application of students' undergraduate learning knowledge including theoretical knowledge and professional knowledge. The graduation design is a systematic and comprehensive training link for cultivating students' engineering application ability and scientific research and innovation ability, and it is more to reflect the comprehensive ability of undergraduate students in solving complex engineering problems. The existing undergraduate graduation design of civil engineering major is mainly engineering design, focusing on cultivating students' engineering practice ability, but neglecting the cultivation of scientific research and innovation links, which is not conducive to the comprehensive and all-round development of civil engineering graduates. This paper takes the graduation design of civil engineering major of Lanzhou University of Technology as an example, through a questionnaire survey of instructors and students, analyzes the existing problems in the process of graduation design of civil engineering major, and explore the civil engineering undergraduate design model that combines scientific research and innovation with engineering practice, in order to provide a reference for the civil engineering graduate design teaching in normal university.

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    • Exploration of the first-class undergraduate talent training program of mechanical design, manufacturing and automation based on professional certification—Taking Chongqing University as an example

      LI Congbo

      Derived from the needs of national and local economic development, combined with educational orientation and talent training direction of Chongqing University, centered on the fundamental task of morality and cultivation of people, and based on the latest standards of engineering education professional certification and first-class discipline construction requirements, professional training goals and graduation requirements were formulated. A professional curriculum system was built, such as public basic courses, general education courses, broad basic courses, professional basic courses, professional courses, practical exercises, and personalized modules. Focusing on the automobile manufacturing and parts supporting industries, high-end equipment manufacturing industry and intelligent robot industry, collaborative education with enterprises has been carried out. According to the evaluation results, the training goals, graduation requirements, curriculum system settings and teaching process have been continuously improved. Talent training program aimed at cultivating high-quality and innovative talents in mechanical engineering has been proposed. The first-class undergraduate education in mechanical design and manufacturing and automation major with Chinese characteristics and the style of Chongqing University was explored to provide talent guarantee for serving the high-quality development of the country and localities.

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    • Comprehensive Reform and Practice of applied Civil Engineering Specialty based on information Technology and School-enterprise Collaboration

      youchunhua

      The traditional talent training mode of civil engineering has many shortcomings, such as low participation of enterprises, course content lagging behind the development of industry technology, theory and practice teaching, management methods. Through in-depth investigation and research, the research group puts forward the new talent training mode of "3 + 0.5 + 0.5", which is the process of theoretical learning,practical growth and theoretical carding, to build a long-term mechanism of school-enterprise linkage talent training; the theory of integrating modern engineering intelligent manufacturing technology to reconstructing professional curriculum system; the mothod of relying on the platform of national BIM skills competition to implement project driven teaching and cultivate engineering intelligent manufacturing ability; the way of using information technology to reform traditional teaching and management methods to implement boundless teaching and practice management and construct a quantitative evaluation system of practical teaching quality. The comprehensive reform of civil engineering specialty has been highly recognized by the industry and enterprises, and the quality of personnel training and employment has been steadily improved, which can be used as a reference for other application-oriented professional reform.

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    • The Innovative Pathway of Conventional Engineering Specialty Education under Emerging Engineering Construction Background

      jiangxueliang, YANG Hui, WANG Hao-lei, YIN Peng

      The civil engineering specialty is a typical example of conventional engineering specialty. Under the emerging engineering construction background, there are many problems in the specialty construction, such as no established talent cultivation mode, no op-locked improved mechanism, unprogressive education idea and scattered reform measures. The civil engineering specialty of Central South University of Forestry and Technology (CSUFT) formed a new model of talent cultivation and achieved remarkable effects through the professional accreditation idea’s guide, optimization the system of content and teaching platform and creation of the circulatory improved mechanism (Plan-Do-Check-Act). CSUFT provided some insights for innovative development of conventional emerging engineering education. These insights include: the major goes ahead of the disciplinary and then develop parallelly. The top-level design of educational reform goes ahead of the action. All teachers and students should deeply participate in the overall reform process and the college autonomy should be guaranteed.

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    • Reconstruction path of multi-professional practice teaching system for the development of intelligent construction

      ZHANG Mei-liang, ZHANG Jun-xia, He Zhong-mao

      Cultivating intelligent construction engineering talents requires optimizing the training and teaching system, the construction industry is undergoing an overall transformation, three salient features can be observed, one is to derive the industrialization of construction from the scarcity of manpower, the second is to shift from pipeline products to parts and components, and the third is to shift from one-time delivery to full-cycle operation and maintenance. Correspondingly, civil engineering engineers also have new demands for their job-fitting capabilities, such as the engineering capabilities of applied talents, the collaboration capabilities of building industrialization, and the data capabilities of product services. Applying system dynamics theory to analyze the causal chain, enhancement loop, adjustment loop and feedback mechanism between the two major variables of training teaching and skill acquisition, the research results show that civil engineering majors in local colleges and universities can learn from the design teaching context, man-machine The interactive platform and the integration of production and education courses in three aspects, optimize the connection relationship of training elements, reconstruct the multi-professional full-cycle training teaching system, and better meet the needs of intelligent construction talents.

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    • Construction of Professional Practical Course System of Geomatics Engineering Oriented by the Ability to Solve Complex Engineering Problems

      Xiong Junnan

      The ability to solve complex engineering problems is an important issue in current engineering education certification and higher engineering education. By expounding the new situation and requirements of current higher education and higher engineering education; combining the concept of engineering education certification; the characters of complex geomatics engineering issue were analyzed; linking with university orientation and characteristics, professional training goals and graduation requirements of geomatics engineering were established, and disassembling the ability that should be trained in practical teaching. Furthermore, a practical teaching course system to support the ability training of complex engineering problems has been established, and constructing a roadmap of practical teaching-ability training. The ability is disassembled into courses for hierarchical and modular training to ensure the achievement of the ability to solve complex engineering problems. The results could provide useful reference for geomatics engineering and relevant major to carry out the revision of professional talent training program and the construction of professional practical course system.

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    • A discussion on the effect assessments of supervisor studio in the training of Master of Architectural: the Case of Shandong Jianzhu University

      ZHAO Hu, MA Cheng-chen, TONG Hui

      The discussion is of great significance in further optimizing the supervisor studio education mode and improving the training quality of the Master of Architectural. Based on the literature review of supervisor studio research, the paper puts forward the framework of studio in the cultivation of architecture graduate students from four aspects: Ideological and political education, curriculum learning, academic ability and professional skills. Moreover, the survey adopted a questionnaire method to evaluate the training effect of the students in Shandong Jianzhu University, which paid attention to the difference between the two types of the students with and without studio training experience, and finally proposed targeted optimization strategies. The research shows that the studio has become one of the main space carriers for the Master of Architectural in Shandong Jianzhu University, and plays an important and positive role in the training process. Although there are still some problems about the poor quality of academic output in the samples surveyed, the training effect of the Master of Architectural Major with studio training experience in Ideological and political education, curriculum learning, academic ability and professional skills is more prominent.

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    • Practice and thinking of multi-agent collaborative education mode in the joint graduation project of urban and rural planning major ——Based on the response of local universities in the context of new engineering

      Zhou min, Dun mingming, Lu zhigang, zhang hong

      Based on the background of new engineering construction, this paper proposes that the graduation design of urban and rural planning major in local universities should embody the curriculum goal of "four in one" comprehensive creative ability. Then, the model of "multi-subject collaborative education" is applied to the "7+1" joint graduation design teaching practice of the national urban and rural planning major, and the implementation measures of graduation design teaching reform are elaborated from the aspects of inter-school collaboration, intra-school collaboration, school administration, enterprise community . Finally, the improvement strategy of joint graduation design for urban and rural planning majors in the context of new engineering construction is proposed in order to provide new ideas for the reform of graduation design teaching in local universities and boost the reform and innovation of urban and rural planning education in the context of new engineering construction.

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    • Discussion on the construction of Curriculum Ideology in civil engineering courses

      JI Feng-ling, HUANG Wen

      Curriculum Ideology is an effective way for colleges to promote teaching reform and improve the quality of curriculum education. At present, the main problems existing in the process of Curriculum Ideology of civil engineering are as follows: the concept of ideological and political education of professional teachers is not strong, the level of ideological and political education is relatively low; the ideological and political education of professional curriculum is lack of practical experience for reference; ideological and political education can not be effectively implemented owing to the lack of organic connection between relevant professional courses. In view of these problems, this paper attempts to take the professional curriculum module as the basic unit to carry out the ideological and political construction from four aspects: improving the ideological and political level of the professional teachers team, carrying out the integration of professional curriculum and professional training, compiling auxiliary teaching materials of ideological and political education, and developing the second classroom of ideological and political education. The dual educational functions of "knowledge imparting" and "value leading" of professional curriculum can be truly realized. The ideological and political construction of professional curriculum is a foundation for the cultivation of high-quality civil engineering professionals with correct political direction, solid theoretical basis and innovative ability.

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    • Research and exploration of multimedia courseware making under the background of emerging engineering education——Taking

      JIAO Jin-feng, XING Ying, GUO Xiu-hua

      The proposal and construction of emerging engineering education policies have given new connotation to the multimedia courseware of civil engineering. Based on the new situation of emerging engineering education construction and industry development, this paper analyzed and summarized the current situation of making multimedia courseware making, proposed corresponding principles of making multimedia courseware, and taking the fundamental theory of steel structure design as an example, explored the making and research of its multimedia courseware.

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    • Study on teaching reform of postgraduate course based on dual carrier of classroom and project:Taking the course of science and technology of concrete as an Example

      LONG Guangcheng, ZENG Xiaohui, DONG Rongzhen, LI Yijin, XIE Youjun

      Curriculum reform is one of the important parts in graduate education. Combining with the characteristics of the course content of "Science and Technology of Concrete Materials" and the actual demand of civil engineering specialty, this paper puts forward the teaching reform goal of "deep integration of theory and practice and great improvement of research ability" in the course teaching. The teaching mode of dual carrier consisted of classroom and project is established, and the integrated teaching idea and method of "theoretical knowledge education-research practice education" oriented to strengthen the cultivation of research ability is formed. It has effectively promoted the improvement of graduate students" autonomous learning ability, knowledge application ability and scientific research practice ability, and has achieved good results in the practice of curriculum teaching reform.

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    • Constitution of Practice Teaching System for Environmental Engineering in Area-application-oriented Institutes

      Ma Xiao, Wang Hukun, Zhou Xiangjun, Yu Songlin, LI Lu

      Based on certification standards for engineering education, a kind of practice teaching system, combining universities, enterprises or government sectors and projects, was presented according characteristics of Environmental Engineering of Hubei Normal University. We discuss the reform methods from five respects to improve students" abilities for engineering practicing and solving complex engineering problems, including teaching system, practice base constructing, practice teachers, teaching management and evaluation. This project would provide a reference for reformation of Environmental Engineering in local universities or other relevant engineering majors.

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    • Research and practice of civil engineering construction course teaching based on online multi-platform

      shenqiyu, lijiejie

      In order to achieve "no suspension of classes" and "no suspension of classes" during the epidemic prevention and control period, the "Civil Engineering Construction" course of a university in South China adopted a multi-line platform teaching method, and achieved good results. This course is based on multiple online platforms such as Chinese university MOOC, architectural cloud courses, online course live platforms, QQ groups, etc., and the use of questionnaire surveys to evaluate the teaching effect, the results show that based on multiple online platforms Teaching provides students with rich and flexible learning methods, which can significantly improve students' independent learning ability, expand students' knowledge and improve learning effects. This application model of multi-online platform teaching provides new ideas for curriculum teaching reform during the epidemic.

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    • Teaching research on Conservation Technology of Architectural Heritage with breadth expansion and depth extension

      Wu Lang, Chun Qing

      In order to train qualified professionals, this paper discuss the teaching system of technical courses through reviewing development process of architectural heritage conservation and discipline construction in domestic and foreign universities. The important part of the paper is the teaching objective, course content and teaching form of the postgraduate course “conservation technology of architectural heritage” in School of Architecture, Southeast University. Through exploring a perfect teaching system with both breadth expansion and depth extension, stimulating teaching vitality, improving teaching quality, promoting personnel training towards a higher level and training technical professionals of conservation technology of architectural heritage who could adapt to Chinese conditions.

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    • Practice and Thinking on Online Teaching of for port, waterway and coastal engineering specialty under Epidemic Prevention and Control

      Fu Xiao-li, Cai Yi, Yang Yang, Shen Chao, Jiang Yu-yun

      In early 2020, novel coronavirus pneumonia outbroke worldwide. Under the requirement of the Ministry of education, online teaching has received unprecedented attention. Therefore, how to ensure the quality of online teaching and ensure the learning effect of students has become the teaching difficulties during the epidemic period. Taking the port, waterway and coastal engineering specialty of Tongji University as an example, the online teaching practices including the platform selection, organization arrangement, assessment method and quality management are presented, and the online teaching quality assurance system concerning "platform selection putting emphasis on effect, teaching organization on training, student assessment on process and practice link on guidance" is put forward. Meanwhile, based on practical teaching, the difficulty in online teaching is summarized and its solutions found, which can provide reference for online teaching of port, waterway and coastal engineering specialty specialty in the future.

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    • Exploration and Thinking on the construction of discipline competition of Urban Underground Space Engineering

      Yuwei Zhang

      the National College Students'' subject competition is an important means to stimulate students'' interest in learning, cultivate their innovative thinking, train their teamwork, improve their comprehensive quality and increase their communication. Urban underground space engineering specialty was first established by Central South University in 2002, which is a relatively new specialty. The corresponding discipline competition of urban underground space engineering specialty is also relatively short. At present, only four sessions have been held. Although there are more and more participating colleges and universities with the increase of holding sessions, most universities have not formed a systematic discipline competition construction mode. In order to give full play to the role of discipline competition in talent training and improve the level of undergraduate discipline competition, this paper takes the urban underground space engineering specialty of Xi''an University of architecture and technology as an example, analyzes the current situation of the discipline competition, puts forward the establishment of unified management system relying on Provincial Key Laboratory, and proposes the construction ideas of discipline competition. Finally, it discusses the impact of discipline competition on teaching reform and personnel The significance of talent training, taking this opportunity to improve the level of student participation, enhance the influence of discipline competition, give full play to the significance of discipline competition in talent training, and provide strong support for discipline construction.

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    • The course design and organization of BIM - based applied undergraduate engineering Management major project Cost Management-- A case study of Cun Jin College of Guangdong Ocean University

      Wanling, yueBai

      With the continuous development of information technology, our country at present in the Internet +, artificial intelligence, big data era, with the arrival of the 5 g technology, the new era is about to enter into an age of all things connected, with the development of industrial informatization, BIM (building information model) to become a great transformation in the field of construction engineering, the development of new era inevitably puts forward new requirements to talented person's demand, traditional engineering teaching system and the traditional teaching content might not be suited to the demands of a new age has, under this background, this article first analysis of the present development of engineering management major based on BIM course, Taking Chujin College of Guangdong Ocean University as an example, this paper discusses the course design and organization of Project Cost Management, an application-oriented undergraduate engineering management major based on BIM, so as to provide reference for the course design and organization of Project Cost Management, an application-oriented undergraduate engineering management major.

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    • Characteristics of Social Demand and Knowledge System of Engineering Education for the Major of Water Science and Engineering

      ZHANG Zhi

      According to the professional connotation and training objectives stipulated in the National Standard for Professional Teaching Quality of High Education, combined with the requirements of engineering education evaluation and certification, characteristics of social demand for the major of Water Science and Engineering are systematically analyzed from 8 aspects, such as resource, sociality, environment and economy, etc. The results show that the social needs of this major have the characteristics of wide range, many influencing factors, high complexity and strong comprehensiveness, so that higher requirements are put forward for the construction ofknowledge system for engineering education, the setting of curriculum system and the implementation of teaching system. Based on the concept of OBE, the knowledge system of engineering education is also put forward, which is suitable for the demand characteristics of the major of Water Science and Engineering, and the coupling relationship between them is analyzed systematically.

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    • Teaching Reform Research and Practice of Professional Introduction Courseware Based on the Concept of Engineering Education Accreditation——An Example of ‘Introduction to Road, Bridge and River-crossing engineering’ of Lanzhou University of Technology

      Xiang Changsheng

      Based on 12 graduation ability requirements of the concept of engineering education accreditation, the knowledge system of professional introduction courseware is reconstructed and divided into four parts, freshmen entrance education ability training guidance, bilingual teaching, ideological and political education in curriculum are involved, which are taughtSby four knowledgeable teachers separately. Organized by group teaching in class, students are dividedSintoSgroups of each 6 persons when teaching. For the course multi-level learning evaluation system design, online video watching task, complex engineering problem thinking, team question-basedScompetition, team special topic presentation, course paper writing are introduced. To strengthen or improve the relationship between teachers and students or teaching and learning, communication platform is established between all professional teachers and students to achieve continuous guidance, otherwise, the frame of "30 years linkage between teachers and students" is created for sharing alumni experiences into introduction courseware and assistance of specialty construction. Through several rounds of reformation and practice, the experience can be providedSforSuseful reference of similar engineering introduction courseware and valuable teaching practice guidance.

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    • Integration and teaching practice of Ideological and political elements in engineering project management under the background of new engineering

      lixiaojuan

      Combined with the teaching content and characteristics of engineering project management, exploring how to integrate the concept of"Ideological and Political Courses" in professional teaching, talking the content of the teaching plan design, improving teachers' Ideological and political ability, and discusses the process of combining curriculum ideological and political with curriculum and case. Taking the huoshenshan hospital construction project as an example as for in-depth analysis, digging out potential ideological and political elements, and finally making a conclusion on the curriculum ideological and political construction.

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    • Discussion and practice of ideological and political teaching of professional courses in the training of engineering postgraduates

      Li Jie

      In order to promote the construction of "curriculum ideological and political" model course in postgraduate training, as analyzing the problems existing in the development of curriculum ideological and political, the connotation and requirements of curriculum ideological and political are clarified. The countermeasures and ideas of curriculum ideological and political construction are discussed. Then the teaching concept of curriculum ideological and political education of faith + feelings + literacy is put forward. Finally, taking the civil engineering graduate students of Zhengzhou University as an example, the ideological and political teaching practice of the three forming an organic whole is carried out for the professional course "theory of bridge structure calculation".

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    • Construction Practice and Thoughts to Promote the Sound Development of Public Platform for University Scientific Research Experiments

      Yanglili, Long Yuchuan, Li Heping, Huang Haijing

      The key laboratory of the ministry of education is an important Public Platform for scientific research experiments in universities. Take the Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area for example, combined with practical problems, this paper introduces five main experiences in laboratory construction : Rationalization of talent echelon construction by introducing leading talents; Enhance research security by increasing hardware investment; Integration of industry, education, research and application to promote the development of science and education platform; Based on the characteristics of mountainous areas, expanding academic exchanges with foreign countries; Managing virtual and reality alternation, realizing hardware environment usage to be shared. It’s helpful for operation and construction management of the key laboratory of Education Ministry.

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    • Study on?training system?of “Creativity?&?innovation +” professional practical ability for Civil Engineering, Illustrated by the example of Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power

      duwenxue

      Based on new engineering education needs for civil engineering, the paper proposes a new training system pointed to characteristic training practical talents. A project mode for professional practical of the first course is strengthen effectively by a series of creativity & innovation off class, in order to perform the definite directive training system?of “Creativity?&?innovation +” professional practical ability for Civil Engineering. The recent three years results show that first-year postgraduates have a clear understanding to what they should do and how to do. The next important task for them is to perform with the help of both series creativity & innovation activities and professional practical ability. The whole Talent Training Goal?with creativity & innovation may be realized step by step to adapt the social development for undergraduates.

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    • Teaching Idea and Practice Exploration of Ideological and Political of Basic Mechanics Course

      zhengxunzhen

      To comprehensively promote the ideological and political construction of curriculum is an effective measure to fulfill the fundamental task of moral education, which affects and decides the problems of talent training, national stability, national rejuvenation and national rise. The basic mechanics course is a very important basic course for most science and engineering majors. How to integrate the ideological and political teaching idea into the basic mechanics course and realize the purpose of collaborative education are urgent problems for the majority of mechanics educators.Taking the course of basic mechanics as an example, by giving full play to the team construction and practical exploration, the ideological and political elements contained in the course are deeply explored, and the course ideological and political teaching cases and implementation paths are explored, so as to provide reference for the collaborative education construction of the course of mechanics in colleges and universities.Firstly, it emphasizes the necessity of ideological and political teaching reform of basic mechanics course.Secondly, the course ideological and political teaching case can cultivate students' patriotism and unremitting pursuit of science, improve students' national pride and cultural confidence, cultivate students' dialectical thinking, and shape students' correct outlook on life, values and engineering ethics.Finally, the paper puts forward the implementation path of multi-dimensional and multi-link curriculum ideology and politics, and adds modern information technology and student participation into the reform of curriculum ideology and politics.

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    • Research on the effectiveness of teaching quality evaluation method based on cloud model: a case of engineering mechanics course

      GUO Hui-yong

      In order to solve the subjectivity and effectiveness problem of university teaching quality evaluation method, a teaching quality evaluation method based on cloud model is presented and the effective strategy of teaching evaluation to avoid the influence of subjectivity is discussed. First, the main content of university teaching quality evaluation is described, which consists of six parts. Then, the subjectivity problem of teaching quality evaluation system is analyzed, and the effectiveness problem of evaluation result is discussed. Finally, using the advantage of cloud model in dealing with fuzziness and randomness of statistics problem, a teaching quality evaluation method based on cloud model membership is proposed, which can improve the reliability and reduce the subjective disturbance. Taking the evaluation data of an engineering mechanics course as a case, the traditional subjective observation exclusion method and statistical standard deviation exclusion method, and the proposed cloud model membership exclusion method and cloud model membership combination method are utilized to evaluate the teaching quality, respectively. The results show that the cloud model membership combination method can precisely evaluate the teaching quality. The method not only reduces the disturbance of subjective factors, but also improves the effectiveness of teaching quality evaluation results.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Open Service of Mountain Bridge and Materials Engineering Research Center of Ministry of Education

      ZENG Yong

      Open service is an important function of the engineering research center of the Ministry of education. Mountain Bridge and Materials Engineering Research Center of Ministry of Education has actively responded to national policies and accumulated some experience in open service. Open services mainly include the setting of open funds, hosting academic conferences, opening and sharing instruments and equipment, actively conducting academic exchanges, actively exploring and deepening international cooperation in production, learning and research, actively cooperating with domestic and foreign high-level scientific research institutes and engineering centers, scientific communication, and foreign technical services. These innovative measures have greatly stimulated the service ability, research and development ability, social influence and foreign exchange vitality of the center, and explored a new mode for the open service of the engineering research center of the Ministry of education of local universities. The achievements of the center in open service can provide reference for the construction and operation of similar engineering centers.

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    • Analysis on reform of doctoral candidates innovation achievement evaluation system in Universities under the context of "double first-class" construction

      Wang Henan

      "Double first-class" construction is a major strategic deployment of our party and country in the new historical conditions which is an effective approach to promote the development of higher education and deepen the reform of higher education system in China. We should adhere to the guiding ideology of "four actions" and elimination of "five only". According to the general policy of postgraduate education reform in China, this paper analyzes the current situation of doctoral cultivation and degree granting in universities which under the background of “double first-class” construction. In view of the shortcomings of the traditional education and evaluation methods, this paper clarifies the reform ideas of paying attention to the process supervision and paying attention to the diversification of evaluation methods to establish and improve the evaluation system reform of doctoral students' innovation achievements under the background of "double first-class". In order to establish and improve the reform of doctoral candidates innovation achievement evaluation system, the universities should promote the reform in terms of Building a first class doctoral teaching staff, improving the management system, supervision mechanism of doctoral thesis quality and formulating the corresponding innovation achievement evaluation scheme according to the characteristics of different universities and disciplines. The relevant reform measures proposed in this paper and the research outcomes can provide references for the cultivation and degree granting of doctoral candidates in universities.

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    • Discussion of ideological and political education in “Basic theory of reinforced concrete structure” course

      WANG Bo, LI Hong, WU Tao

      Aiming at the problem that the engineering teachers in universities attach importance to professional training, emphasize the acquirement of knowledge and skills, while neglect the educational work, the course “Basic theory of reinforced concrete structure” in civil engineering was taken as an example to conduct analysis. On the basis of analysis for the content and characteristics of this course, the principles and methods for ideological and political education were proposed. The construction of ideological and political education was introduced. The determinated purposes and implementation program of ideological and political education were summarized.

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    • Exploration of the teaching mode of the wood structure design software

      Li Hongmin, Que Zeli, Wang Zhiqiang, Qiu Hongxing

      Wood Structure Design Software is a professional core and characteristic course for the wood structure construction major of Nanjing Forestry University. It is an important design tool for wood structure professionals to engage in professional work and related to the cultivation of the comprehensive quality of wood structure professionals. The course is based on the application of Swiss Cadwork and Germany Xima, the international special design software for wood structure construction, in wood construction engineering. The teaching content involves a lot of international wood structure knowledge. However, the class hour of this course is quite limited which makes it difficult to teach. In order to accommodate the characteristics and difficulties of the course, a series of innovative models are proposed in terms of teaching content, teaching methods, course evaluation, and practical activities to cultivate the students' comprehensive ability. Teaching is based on classroom lectures, supplemented by an online question and ask of software professional training engineers, and academic reports on wood structure software of foreign experts. Students are organized to complete complex model design together with students of the same major from foreign universities, use the software they have learned to participate in the wood structure model design competition between domestic universities, and participate in the practice of digital design and processing of wood structures. Teaching practice shows that the teaching mode of Wood Structure Design Software has achieved good results and the students’ comprehensive ability has been significantly improved which laid a solid foundation for work and study in the future.

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    • Development of online virtual simulation experimental teaching platform of air conditioning system for deep underground space

      ZHANG Donghai, GAO Penghui, Wang Yijiang, WEI Jingsheng, HUANG Jianen, LIU Zhan

      Listed as one of the five top-quality courses launched by Ministry of Education of China, virtual simulation experiment is an important measure to integrate the information technology into experimental teaching to improve the quality and level of experimental teaching, and plays an important role in cultivating the talents. Students-oriented teaching and learning with emphasis on interaction and engagement has been adopted to design the virtual experimental system with combination real resources to aid mutually with advantages. The scientific research is introduced to demand-oriented and problem-based virtual experimental teaching. The modular, hierarchical and fragmented virtual simulation experimental teaching system of air conditioning system for deep underground space is developed based on cutting-edge research in the field of deep underground space air conditioning. The students will be able to implement the online virtual experiment anytime and anywhere with engagement, professional learning, interaction, and whole process assessment. It can make up the deficiency of traditional experiment setup, enrich the experimental teaching means and resources, enhance the students’ innovative capability of solving the complex problem and improve the teaching quality.

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    • Design and Practice of Ideological and Political on the Professional Courses of Port, Waterway and Coastal Engineering Based on OBE Concept: Take the course of "Waterway Engineering" as an example

      Fu Xiao-li, Zhang Hong, Cai Yi, Shen Chao

      The convening of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China marked the entry of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era. At the same time, it also puts forward morality education as the fundamental task of education. University educators should understand curriculum ideology from the mission and responsibilities of higher education in the new era, and regard serving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation as an important mission of education. Under the guidance of the OBE concept, the port, waterway and coastal engineering major of Tongji University takes "student-centered" as the logical starting point. Aiming at the current situation and existing issues of the ideological and political construction of professional courses, the teaching system is first designed as a whole, and subsequently the professional courses are sorted and condensed. Ideological and political concepts, and finally integrate the ideological and political elements into the revision of training goals, graduation requirements and curriculum syllabus. Take the professional core course "Waterway Engineering" as an example, combine new era, new development, new ideas and other topics to carry out case discussions or exchanges, tell Chinese stories well, stimulate students" sense of responsibility, mission and honor, and guide students to continuously improve their professional qualities and enhance the feasibility of students to establish lofty ideals and beliefs.

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    • Study on the cultivation of postgraduates' scientific research quality in the era of big data

      WANG Shu-qing, JI Jin-bao

      The improvement of scientific research quality is an important goal of postgraduate cultivation in universities. With the development of information technology, postgraduate education has been deeply integrated with big data,massive scientific data has gradually become a basic tool and information source for scientific research, and it also provides opportunities for academic misconduct. How to promote the development of education under the wave of big data, steadily improve students' data literacy and scientific research quality, and master the challenges of the fourth paradigm has become an urgent problem to be solved. This article focuses on the analysis of the changes in the learning methods and scientific research methods of college students in the era of big data. It specifically studies the huge impact of big data on the cultivation of graduate students’ scientific research quality from the aspects of teaching mode and scientific research methods. It also analyzes the impact of diversified data. Including issues such as intellectual property rights and scientific research ethics. In view of the unique application of big data in the field of education, this article puts forward suggestions for the cultivation of graduate students’ scientific research quality: (1) Adopting a training model that combines online and offline with the trend of the times; (2) Universities should focus on building databases, and consider cooperating with professional data companies; (3) Focus on improving students' data processing capabilities; (4) Cultivate students' application of emerging technologies; (5) Strengthen the cultivation of research ethics for graduate students.

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    • Research on the Work of Student Party construction in the Dormitory Area under the Background of

      wanglan

      In order to promote the " Three-Wide Education whole-process education and all-round education, the Huxi campus of Chongqing University has combined its own advantages and actively explored new ways of Student Party construction in the Dormitory Area .by establishing "One Student Affair Office and two Student Activity Rooms Then formed integrated education pattern of dormitory educating people.

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    • Rebuilding and operation of practical teaching system of distinctively -installed specialty based on OBE-PDCA idea

      YANG Hui, JIANG Xue-liang, SUN Guang-chen, FAN Wen-chen

      Aimed at the problems of practical teaching system of distinctively-installed specialty,the rebuilding of practical teaching system used the OBE(Outcome based education)idea and the operation of practical teaching system used the PDCA (plan-do-check-act)idea had been proposed. Taken the city underground space engineering specialty,the reverse design flow path of rebuilding for practical teaching system based on OBE had been explained in detail and the operation process of practical teaching system based on PDCA had been analyzed. The practice of our school shows the rebuilding and operation of practical teaching system based on OBE-PDCA idea has made significant progress. The experience of our specialty can provide reference for practical teaching of distinctively-installed specialty.

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    • 产学研;土木工程;创新;培养;协同

      丁选明, Chen Zhixiong, zhang wengang, Xiao Yang, Zhou Hang

      Civil engineering is a practical subject, therefore, the cultivation of civil engineering talents need combine with practice. There is a significant meaning for improving cultivation quality by production, teaching and research model. Combining with more than ten years teaching experiences, the civil engineering talents training model with integration of production-university-research has been created. In summary, colleges need cultivate more inter-disciplinary talents who can meet the needs of society, and corporations have to submit professional and technical requirements according to their needs. Only through the way to building a system of production-university-research cooperative education that integrates "collaborative education", "collaborative teaching", and "collaborative innovation" by colleges and corporations together, can it promotes the cultivation of civil engineering talents in the integration of production-teaching-research effectively.

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    • New teaching model and best practice of high-rise building construction with deep integration of PinMing software

      zhangaili, HUA Jianmin, KANG Ming, LUO Ling

      Knowing existing issues and inefficiencies of traditional teaching methods,this article propose a new teaching model that brings in deep integration of PinMing software and high-rise building construction course.The open classroom and collaborative teaching model focus on the integration of both course content and teaching and learning objectives.It implements emerging technology into high-rise building curriculum to align with industry standards and development,to fulfill the talent acquisition needs from society and companies. Flipped classroom is adopted for teaching, and a student-centered teaching system of high-rise building construction and a diversified evaluation system centered on ability assessment are established to cultivate students" engineering practice ability and BIM technology application ability, so as to realize the deep integration of information technology and teaching. The ideological and political elements contained in the curriculum are explored to form the synergistic effect of curriculum and ideological and political cooperation. The teaching mode of the deep integration of high-rise building construction courses and PinMing software software provides students with a space for independent thinking and free play, creates opportunities to exercise various abilities, and forms a classroom situation that stimulates innovation. The teaching model may be used as a reference of teaching practice of other courses in Civil Engineering major.

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    • Historical Architecture of Universities from the Perspective of Cultural Confidence: Cohesion of Spiritual Power and Cultural Inheritance

      Wei Wei

      Cultural self-confidence is the concentrated expression of the excellent culture of a country and nation at the spiritual level, and the conscious inheritance of the behavior level. As an important material heritage and spiritual and cultural carrier of the university, the historical buildings of the university have the possibility of transforming the outstanding culture of the university into the emotional identity of teachers, students, and employees from the architectural entities, design concepts, and memory spaces. On the basis of pride and self-esteem, build the cultural confidence of university students, and provide cultural prototypes and spiritual accumulation for the effective inheritance and development of university culture. At present, in the context of advocating the excavation of excellent traditional culture and the building of Chinese people"s cultural self-confidence, many colleges and universities are experiencing wastes of cultural resources related to historical buildings and inadequate publicity. University students still need to work together to build historical buildings into cultural heritage with unique values and distinctive features, and to become a favorable carrier for enhancing the self-confidence of university culture.

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    • Exploration and practice of the reopening class for improving teaching efficiency

      Wang Ye, Li Yaning

      Based on enough research data, some common problems existing in the students of reopening class and the present teaching management system of the university are summarized in this paper. According to the people-oriented principle and the author’s teaching practice, some efficient measurements are proposed from the aspects of improving students" ideological understanding, organizing the class teaching scientifically, reforming teaching management mode, strengthening the communication between teachers and students, clarifying the connection between student management and classroom teaching and deepening the interaction of scientific research and teaching. The study is meaningful for improving students" ideological understanding, stimulating the responsibility of the teachers, improving the present reopening class teaching model and perfecting the teaching management system of university teaching.

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    • Architecture Speciality Building Economic CourseExploration and Practice of Teaching Reform

      HE Zhao-ming

      This paper starting from the quality of architectural engineering, based on the analysis of the current situation of the training of architectural professionals and the teaching of architectural construction technology,to explored the application of engineering design patterns in the teaching of architectural construction courses,put forward the engineering design of case teaching and course of architecture design with the combination of teaching ideas. Through the demonstration of engineering design teaching process and the analysis of teaching effect, this paper expounds the procedure and characteristics of engineering design teaching. The teaching practice proves that the engineering design teaching of architectural construction courses not only enriches the teaching content of architectural construction, but also improves the independent learning ability and engineering practice ability of architectural students, providing new ideas for the practice of architectural courses.

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    • Innovative research and practice of talents cultivation plan of civil engineering major of intelligent construction college for emerging engineering education

      wu he, sun xu jie, yang yang, zhang xu hong, dong yan qiu, wang wei ming

      In this paper, talents cultivation plan of civil engineering major of intelligent construction college to meet the needs of emerging engineering education and the development of construction industry was studied. In the plan, training objective was established to meet demand of industrialization and intellectualization in construction, curriculum system was constructed which include engineering general education platform, professional foundation of civil engineering platform, new technology and interdisciplinary module, engineering and social module, innovation module and intelligent construction module. A "3+1" training mode based on multi-agent cooperation was adopted which introducing enterprise to participate in education. It is to cultivate the application-oriented undergraduate talents who are adapt to the development of industrialization, digitization and intelligence of construction and needed by enterprises. It plays well in intelligent construction college and can provides reference for similar colleges to carry out emerging engineering education major construction.

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    • Exploration and practice on the integrated interdisciplinary teaching mode of building environment and energy engineering specialty on the background of emerging engineering education

      ZHANG Donghai, GAO Penghui, HUANG Jianen, WANG Yijiang, WEI Jinsheng

      Emerging engineering education is vital in building up a strong China in higher education and meeting the challenges of economic development, industrial transformation, and global competition. Based on the advantages and feature resources in traditional engineering discipline and new development requirements in emerging engineering education, the integrated interdisciplinary teaching mode of building environment and energy engineering program is explored and in practice. The main measures include orientation of talents cultivation characteristics, development of the integrated interdisciplinary curriculum system, construction of teaching staffs with multidisciplinary background, establishment of the diversified practical platforms through collaboration, combination of research innovation and science and technology competition with teaching and learning, implementation of China-International education collaboration, and has achieved good results. The innovation and practice of training mode can be used as a reference for other programs in universities with industry characteristics.

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    • Thoughts on the Improvement and Reform to the Quality of Online Teaching of Civil Engineering Courses

      DING Yong, LI Wenjing, GAO Yafeng

      In the teaching process of higher education, the attention is often paid on the improvement of the teaching ability of teachers, but the necessary thinking on the improvement of the ability to gain knowledge of students is lacked. Combined with the development of the online teaching mode in recent China, the author conducted a survey and analyzed the state of the audience students, and on this basis, carried out thinking on the innovation of teaching methods of higher education. Through the survey about learning state, it is reflected that under the online mode, the students ''self-consciousness has a significant impact on the learning effect, and the improvement of students'' self-consciousness is also achieved gradually during the learning process. In the analysis of the teaching methods and models, combined with the differences in the characteristics of the audience students in the survey at each stage, the idea that teaching method should be taken according to different stages was put forward.

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    • The practice of undergraduate-level vocational education talent training: Taking Chongqing Vocational and Technical University of Mechatronics as an example

      fengxiaohong, chenjunjie

      As the first batch of undergraduate-level vocational education pilot colleges in the country, Chongqing Vocational and Technical University of Mechatronics actively participates in undergraduate-level vocational education talent training practice based on the characteristics of "undergraduate education in level and vocational education in type". First of all, through the transformation of talent training goals, the differences and connections between vocational undergraduates and vocational colleges and ordinary undergraduates are discussed, and the positioning of the training goals of undergraduate vocational education talents is found. Second, the undergraduate-level vocational education talent training system is constructed from four aspects: faculty, practical teaching, professional teaching, and skills training. Finally, take the engineering cost major of Chongqing Vocational and Technical University of Mechatronics as an example to carry out undergraduate level vocational education talent training practice. Through this talent training practice, a modular curriculum based on job ability was set up; the "1+X" certificate system was incorporated into the curriculum teaching and evaluation system for the first time; it promoted the reform of digital and intelligent online teaching models for engineering cost majors

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    • Study on the effect evaluation and countermeasure of cultivating professional master of graduate workstation in enterprise

      wang xing ping

      Combining with the national professional ability training of professional master"s degree graduate students orientation and requirements, based on a brief analysis on the relevant studies and references, this paper study on the enterprise graduate workstation which was constructed by Southeast university and other enterprises. We choose in standing professional master students and the tutors for different questionnaire. on the basis of questionnaire results, two groups for students and their tutors perceptions and opinions about the enterprise mode of cultivating postgraduate workstation are analyzed and summarized, and then the effects on the professional master"s degree graduate students professional skills training by the enterprise graduate workstation was evaluated and analyzed, Then, this paper puts forward some Suggestions for improving the existing problems.

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    • Exploration of online teaching practice of postgraduate specialized courses based on STU model-- Taking the course of Building Energy Conservation as an example

      ZHANG Ling-ling, XU Ao, SUI Jie-li, SUN Bao-de

      This paper makes a practical exploration of the online teaching method of the postgraduate professional course "Building Energy Conservation". Through the questionnaire survey of graduate students, the advantages and disadvantages of online teaching are analyzed, and corresponding countermeasures are taken. According to the characteristics of small-class teaching, Tencent class can be selected for course recording and playback, and combined with the QQ group sharing teaching form with better screen function and smooth operation; Use live online video teaching and interspersed with irregular questions to deal with the poor state of online teaching students; To mobilize students study enthusiasm, stimulate the learning motivation and professional interests of STU teaching mode, pay attention to the cultivation of the students" ability of autonomous learning, from the perspective of professional interests, will be boring static knowledge by using simulation software such as digital information means into dynamic interest in learning, curriculum knowledge into each student"s research direction, and complement each other in the team cooperation, from the view of the sustainable development of building energy efficiency and develop the students" scientific thinking, improve students" innovation consciousness.

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    • Research and Exploration on the Construction Practice of Architecture Major in Domestic Universities

      daiqiusi, WU Jiaxuan, YE Zixian, SHAN Haotian

      Architectural design teaching combined with construction practice has become an important teaching mode and been widely used.Through the collection and investigation of various construction practice activities carried out by architecture schools in recent years, three main types are summarized, namely construction courses as teaching activities, domestic and international construction competitions organized by colleges and universities, and rural construction competitions.The three types of construction activities are compared and expounded from the aspects of nature and objective, material and function, evaluation and influence. In the end, the paper gives some reflections and Suggestions on the future development of architecture construction teaching based on the dynamic development of construction practice.

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    • Experimental Study on the Overall Stability of Bamboo-skin Axial Compression Box Member

      NIE Shidong, ZHANG Hui, LI Jingyao, CHEN Zhi

      Axial compression test was carried out based on 114 bamboo skin box-section columns, and the overall stability performance of equilateral box-section columns made of bamboo with 0.35mm and 0.5mm thickness specifications under different width-to-thickness ratios was studied. Based on the test results, the instability failure form and the overall stability coefficient of the bamboo skin box-section column were analyzed. The test results show that when the box-section member is loaded, there are both local instability and overall bending instability. Among the members with a slenderness ratio less than the critical slenderness ratio, local instability is the main component under compression, and overall instability is dominant in the members with a slenderness ratio greater than critical slenderness ratio. By analyzing and fitting the test data, the critical slenderness ratios of the box sections with three widths and thickness ratios of two types of bamboo skins were calculated, and the design method of the column curve and bearing capacity of the box members with axial compression of bamboo skins was proposed, which provides scientific theoretical basis and calculation formula for the section design of members in the structural design competition.

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    • Method Research of Experimental Teaching on Tailings Reservoir Dam Break Based on Virtual Simulation

      Zhang Xiaobo, Yao Chi, WU Ligong, Yang Jianhua, Jiang Shuihua

      Due to its large-scale and large destructive nature, tailings pond dams have great difficulties in teaching practice and research. As an innovative teaching method, experimental teaching based on virtual simulation has been well applied in many fields of teaching and has achieved good results. Based on the virtual simulation system of the tailings dam breach laboratory at Nanchang University, this paper proposes a virtual-simulation-based experiment teaching plan of “one platform, two orientation, three levels and four modules”. The specific program and its characteristics of the virtual simulation experiment teaching on tailings dam break are introduced. Two main problems in the experimental teaching based on virtual simulation are summarized and corresponding solution countermeasures are put forward.

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    • Construction and Practice of "Five-in-One" Talents Training Model for Civil Engineering Specialty in Agricultural Universities

      HE Chunbao, LI Genying

      The Rural Revitalization and the construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Marco Greater Bay Area provide new opportunities for the development of civil engineering professionals in agricultural universities. In order to realize the goal of integrative talents training of civil engineering specialty in agricultural universities, which is "the knowledge of managerial,design and construction”, we should integrate the teaching resources inside and outside the school, Following the school-running characteristics of "work-based, combination of industry and agriculture", a “Five-in-One” talent training mode is created to reflect the characteristics of agricultural universities. The curriculum system,experimental teaching system, science and technology team of student, teaching staff , teaching quality monitoring and guarantee system have been constructed. Practice shows that the “Five-in-One” talent training model has achieved good results in terms of teaching conditions, teaching and research level of teachers, students’ comprehensive ability, demonstration and promotion of construction results and social impact.

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    • Experimental study on mechanical properties of hollow rods for structure design contest for college students

      WANG Yong-bao, ZHANG Liu-peng, WANG Jian, ZHANG Xiao-lei, MIAO Chen-xi

      In order to study the basic mechanical properties of different types of hollow bars made of bamboo strips or bamboo skin commonly used in the structural design contest for college students, and to select the appropriate section size for the model making of competitors, 123 pieces of samples made of bamboo skin with size of 0.2mm, 0.35mm, 0.5mm and bamboo strip with size of 2*2mm , 3*3 mm with 100 mm in length were made. The ultimate bearing capacity of hollow bar with different side length was tested by electronic pressure testing machine. And its failure form, load mass ratio and ratio of experimental and theoretical values were analyzed. The test results show that the single-layer bamboo skin component is mainly cracked by edges and corners. And the double-layer bamboo skin component is mainly damaged by bending; The composite component of bamboo skin and bamboo strip can avoid the above two kinds of damage forms; The single-layer bamboo skin component with 0.5mm in depth and 10 mm in width has a higher ultimate bearing capacity. However, the ultimate bearing capacity can be reduced by 50% due to manual manufacturing; The load mass ratio of the 0.5 mm double-layer bamboo skin component is the largest, up to 400 N/g; The ultimate bearing capacity of the composite component of bamboo skin and bamboo strip is about 1000 N. And the load mass ratio is between 300~450 N/g, which is not much different from that of the double-layer bamboo skin. The reduction of bearing capacity due to manual manufacturing is small. It is suitable for structures with large stress.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Hybrid Online Teaching Mode for Specialized Courses in Colleges and Universities

      kangfei

      Affected by the epidemic, most of the teaching activities have been converted to online teaching methods, exploring informatized teaching methods and ensuring the quality of online teaching is a common challenge faced by teachers and students. The characteristics of SPOC, Rain Classroom, Dingding Live and other teaching modes are analyzed, and the integrated online smart teaching mode of "SPOC + Rain Classroom + Dingding" is discussed from the aspects of teaching resource preparation, teaching activity design, and evaluation system establishment. The preliminary practice of teaching professional courses in engineering has achieved good results, which can provide a reference for online teaching of professional courses in colleges and universities.

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    • Research on related cases for the teaching of material mechanics in mining engineering

      ZHANG Guimin, LIU Yuxuan, DONG Jiwei, LUO Ning

      Material mechanics is a very important professional basic course for mining engineering. Collecting, collating and teaching the related cases of mining engineering can effectively improve the teaching effect. Driven by science and technology, mining engineering in China has achieved vigorous development, including many construction achievements and also many failure cases. If these cases are selected as teaching cases, they can make the course full of vitality. Based on the curriculum of material mechanics, several representative cases related to mining engineering are listed in this paper, including the axial tensioning of non-full-length anchors, axial compression of the mining pillar, shearing and extrusion of anchor trays, shearing of the horizontal roadway crossing normal fault, twist of the drill pipe of mining rigs, hypotheses of the fixed beam and cantilever beam for the roof, strength theory of rocks under uniaxial or triaxial compression, the combined deformation of the transmission shaft of the roadheader, the instability of the compressive single hydraulic prop, and the fall accidents of the shaft cage. The above cases refer to every chapters in the course of Material Mechanics, and they can provide reference for the classroom teaching of the instructors.

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    • Exploration on the "double regression path" of application-oriented undergraduates' practice and innovation ability training

      Li Ruige, WANG Yanru, WANG Xiaogang

      Abstract: The grasp is lacking in the cultivation of practical innovation ability of application-oriented undergraduates.After more than ten years of exploration, a dual return path of "extracurricular-in-class-extra-curricular" and "all-staff-top-notch-all" has been explored. Using this route could from point to area , the old to the new, and the excellent students to drive ordinary students in cultivate innovation ability in practice, and improved students' initiative and participation in innovative practice. The construction of this path started from the top-level design, and scientifically builds an innovative talent training system that combines in-class teaching and extra-curricular practice. At the same time,the teacher built a reasonable and effective innovation platform for students to integrate competition and education to ensure that the training of innovative ability extends from in-class to extra-curricular. Finally, the teacher optimized the selection mechanism, categorized and cultivated students' practical innovation ability, established the main status of students in innovative practice, and ensured the training effect. This method was implemented in the School of Civil Engineering & Architecture. The effectiveness of the dual return path in cultivating innovation ability was reflected in the students' awards in competitions, the quality and quantity of innovation results, employment rate, employer satisfaction feedback, and graduate satisfaction surveys.

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    • Reform and practice on mixed-mode teaching in the context of COVID-19 based on Indoor Air Environment curriculum

      WANG Zhao-jun, LIU Jing, DONG Jian-kai, LIU Chang

      In the context of COVID-19, a mixed-mode teaching was explored. The reforms for teaching content and mode were introduced through a case of Indoor Air Environment, which is a core curriculum for postgraduate students of HVAC program. The innovations included teaching content restruction based on online teaching mode, interaction design based on an intelligent teaching platform, and mixed-mode teaching design based on Flipped Classrooms. The ideological and political elements were deeply researched based on network resources for COVID-19, and were integrated into in a CFD simulation teaching case to reshape the teaching contents. Flipped Classrooms were adopted in the process management for curriculum paper to realize mixed-mode teaching and improve students" learning achievement. Finally, a good teaching effect has been achieved after a semester of teaching practice.

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    • On the “Three-Incorporation” in Teaching of Specialty Course for Undergraduate Students

      Chen Jianbing, Li Suzhen

      For some issues of common interest in the teaching of specialty courses for undergraduate students majored in engineering, in the present paper the perspective of Tsien’s modern scientific and technological systems is adopted, and the viewpoint of “three-incorporation” in teaching, i.e., the incorporation of scientific common basis and special engineering problems, the incorporation of scientific principles and experiences or commonsense in daily life and industrial production, and the incorporation of qualitative concepts and quantitative methodologies, is proposed. The idea is illustrated by taking the teaching of undergraduate course “Loads and Structural Design Principles” as an example.

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    • Blended Teaching Research and Practice for Application-oriented Undergraduate Education Based on SPOC --Taking the < soil mechanics> Course as an Example

      Li Ying, LIAO HongJian

      The applied talent is one of major talent gaps currently. However, the traditional teaching methods cannot meet the needs of cultivating applied technical talents. Classroom teaching reform is an important link in improving applied talent-cultivation system. In this paper, Characteristics of applied undergraduate students and problems of their classroom teaching are analyzed first, and four key problems in classroom teaching process are put forward. Based on these four problems and followed the criteria of golden course, the research and practice on blended learning based on SPOC is carried out with the < soil mechanics> course as an example. Contemporary course characteristics are discussed, teaching process and examination criteria are designed, students’scores are analyzed and teaching review is conducted. The practice shows that course difficulty is increased effectively without the increase of class hours after blended learning, study initiatives are improved and good effects have been got. Aiming to provide application-oriented universities a reference of developing blended learning with SPOC and a better practice of “student-centered, outcome-based and ability oriented “teaching concepts.

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    • Construction of Bridge Engineering Course Group under the Background of New Engineering

      ZHAO QIU, GU Yin, HUANG Yanping, SHANGGUAN Ping

      In the process of continuously improving the educational concept of "new engineering engineering subjects ". At present, China has made remarkable achievements in the scale and quantity of bridge construction, but it can only prove that China is a big bridge country, not a bridge powerhouse. As a traditional engineering specialty, bridge engineering is representative in the construction of " new engineering subjects ". This paper will discuss how to implement the construction of "new engineering subjects

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    • Teaching research and practice of urban design course for graduate students of big data empowering architecture

      LIU Jie-yi, HU Ying, Wang Yi -ming, Zhang Fang

      The application of big data combined with urban design has become the development trend in the field of urban design. It is of great significance to empower graduate students with big data through urban design teaching. According to the previous feedback, the existing urban design courses combined with the application of big data have some problems, such as insufficient subjective understanding of the use of big data, compression of teaching content of urban design, weak technical foundation of big data, lack of teaching guidance basis, etc. In view of the above problems, this paper puts forward the curriculum practice of urban design combined with big data application. In the process, it can be found that the adjustment of teaching objectives, pre class preparation, stage operation and big data teaching setting, course evaluation and feedback, etc. can be used as the realization means of big data application in the course. On this basis, the big data enabling approach can be combined with the urban design course, and students' big data application ability can be gradually strengthened through the training of big data foundation, data collection and mining, data analysis, innovative design of data application, visual expression, etc. Finally, it is pointed out that the use of big data has changed students' learning of urban design course and affected their creative thinking mode.

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    • Discussion on innovative model of training postgraduates by university -enterprise cooperation tutor team

      ZHANG Jiru, FAN Xiaochun, LIU Yuanzhi, PENG Ziqiang, FAN Jianfeng, SI Min

      The establishment of a professional degree postgraduate tutor team combining universities and enterprises is an important measure for innovative talent training models. The composition and operation management system of university-enterprise cooperation tutor team, the practical teaching reform, the curriculum construction, and the quality control and evaluation of degree thesis were summarized based on the pilot work of professional degree postgraduate team guidance, a project of university-enterprise cooperation training model reform in Wuhan University of Technology. The results promoted the change and innovation in the training mode of professional degree postgraduate. The tutor team with multi-disciplinary background promoted the knowledge innovation and technological innovation in postgraduate education.

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    • Exploration on curriculum ideological and political education under the background of engineering education accreditation standards: taking the course of Seismic Design of Building Structure as an example

      ZHENG Xiaofen, WANG Jiyao

      Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the state has put forward new requirements for ideological and political education in colleges and universities. Based on the construction requirements of ideological and political education in universities, taking the course of Seismic Design of Building Structure in Tongji university college of civil engineering as an example. By analyzing the meaning and the target of ideological and political education, combining with the three core ideas: Student Centering, Outcome Based Education, Continuous Quality Improvement in engineering education accreditation standards, moral education elements had been excavated. Based on the characteristics of the course itself, this paper explored the teaching reformation path. Starting from the three levels of teaching objective, teaching content, teaching form and mechanism, this paper puts forward suggestions for the teaching reformation of curriculum ideological and political education: firstly, it should straighten out values from the fundamental level of teaching objective, and make clear who to train, how to train and for whom to train; secondly, ideological and political elements should reflect the specific content of the course and be skillfully integrated into the teaching spontaneously and silently; finally, student-centered teaching forms and mechanisms should be reformed to improve students" self-perceived ideological and political abilities.

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    • The Teaching Reform of Civil Engineering Construction Course Led by

      wang wenjing, xu nianyong

      Education is the country’s top priority, what kind of people to train and how to train them is the primary problem of education. Under the concept of full-staff education, full-process education, and all-round education, curriculum ideology and politics is the internal requirement of ideological and political education reform in colleges and universities. and the teaching reform of professional courses under the guidance of curriculum ideological and political is the trend and direction. This article combines the civil engineering construction course of civil engineering majors, with the curriculum ideological and political as the guidance, and excavates the ideological and political elements of the course from the aspects of teaching objectives, teaching content, teaching methods and means, assessment and evaluation, classroom teaching organization, etc., to explore teaching reform. It provides the reference for the implementation of curriculum ideological and political of civil engineering professional courses.

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    • Analysis of party construction of independent colleges Based on Literature measurement

      wangshuyue, taoyuxiang

      The independent college has a special operation mechanism, and it is an important task to train the successors of socialism. It is an important task for the new era to do a good job in the party construction of the independent college. First, this paper combs the current situation and bottlenecks in the party construction of independent colleges; secondly, with the help of bibliometric method, the literature data of China HowNet from 2004 to November 2019 are visualized. The research found that the academic community continued to pay attention to the party building work of independent colleges, and the research focuses on four aspects: the necessity of the party building work of independent colleges, the discovery and solution of problems, the specific methods to solve problems, and the integration of innovative thinking to promote the development of Party building, theoretical research serves to solve practical problems. Strengthen the ideological and political education of teachers and students, empower the party construction of independent colleges with the help of new models such as Internet and intelligence, and improve the level of Party construction.

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    • The Causes and Measures of the Alienation of Post-graduate teacher-student Relationship In the View of “Boundary Theory”

      weiruirui, wangyngmi

      At present,China's graduate education has developed rapidly and the enrollment scale has been expanding continuously, but at the same time, there are many problems in graduate education, and alienation of teacher-student relationship is one of the typical problems. From the perspective of Simmel's "boundary theory", this paper finds that the "ambiguous boundary between power and responsibility, interests and actions" is an important reason for the alienation of the teacher-student relationship. Therefore, it is the key to prevent and dissolve the alienation of teacher-student relationship by perfecting the system norms of teacher-student relationship, advocating the concept of equal interaction between teachers and students, and then constructing a clear boundary.

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    • Research on the “problem based” ecological classroom model under the endogenous demand of ideological and political education in college

      XING Xiaoqin

      Ideological and political course in college is the key course to carry out the fundamental task of building moral education. In order to improve the teaching quality of ideological and political education in college and truly realize the “classroom revolution”, we must explore the classroom model adapting to the new era of ideological and political education in college. Firstly, the endogenous demand of ideological and political courses in college was clarified. On this basis, ecological teaching thinking science was integrated into ideological and political courses, with problem design as the core and ecological subject enjoying “sense of acquisition” as the center to construct a “problem based” ecological classroom model. This mode can fully realize the two-way “sense of acquisition” between teachers and students, so as to better realize the innovation of ideological and political course teaching mode in college.

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    • Research on the Effect of Online teaching during Outbreak of COVID-19 based on SPSS

      Jiang Chunlin, Ge Yanhui

      Owing to the outbreak of COVID-19, the opening of spring semester is postponed, but teaching is not suspended, which requires teachers to utilize the network platform for online teaching smoothly. How to ensure the quality of teaching and learning has become a big challenge. Based on the online questionnaire platform "www.wjx.cn", this paper analyzes the students after six-week online course. The results show that students are basically satisfied with online teaching,network stability and platform ease of use are the main influencing factors of online teaching effect. In addition to reasonable content arrangement and skilled platform use, teachers should use online real-time assessment to maintain students" attention and enthusiasm. In addition, the duration of online courses should be shortened appropriately. For students, mobile phones should be avoided as much as possible, and extra help should be provided for girls. These research results provide data support for the adjustment and improvement of online teaching in the later stage.

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    • Research and practice of railway engineering international education facing "the belt and road initiative"

      CHEN CHUN-YANG, Wang Wei Dong, HE XU-HUI, CHEN XIAO-BIN, YAN BIN

      Around the "the belt and road initiative", the "go globally" development strategy of China Railway (CR) is taken as an opportunity. Focusing on Southeast Asian countries and Africa, the talent training advantages of the two double first-class construction disciplines of Central South University, namely civil engineering and traffic and transportation engineering, are utilized fully, and the railway engineering international education is studied. The international education system of railway engineering is established, the railway international talent education alliance of the “belt and road” is initiated, and the railway engineering education community is built. The cooperation in talent training, scientific research, and cultural exchange among the universities along the route is promoted; the school-enterprise cooperative education between the Central South University and the national government departments and large construction enterprises is promoted; and the international accreditation of CR standard is promoted to promote the spread of Chinese culture taking the talent training as a platform. The main contents of the research results are summarized as "one alliance, two universities, three objects, four mechanisms, and five guarantees".

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    • Research on the Key Factors of the Teaching Mode for Online-blended Learning Courses——Taking Engineering Economics as Example

      Qi Shenjun, Zhan ZhaoXI, Zhang Yong, Mao Maosong

      The key factors of the teaching mode for online-blended learning courses is very important to improve students" online learning ability. Firstly, the study defines the basic characteristics of the blended learning courses, and then proposes the online-blended learning courses, and analyzes the relationship between them; Secondly, based on the teaching practice of online-blended Learning Courses for Engineering Economics and online questionnaire survey for students, the study identify the influencing factors of the teaching mode; Finally, based on the results of questionnaire survey,the key influencing factors of teachers" online teaching, students" online learning and teacher-student interaction are identified. Accordingly, the paper puts forward the strategies to improve the effect of online blended learning courses of Engineering Economics. The research results provide theoretical guidance and practical significance for online blended learning courses based on MOOC or SPOC, and provides a new idea for improvement of blended learning courses and rich practical teaching and learning experience.

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    • Reform and Discussion of Experimental Teaching Based on the Evaluation and Analysis of Experimental Results

      wang zhi de, xia yuan you, zhu wen hua, chen cheng, zhang lei, yin ya yun

      In order to further improve the quality of experimental teaching in the college, based on the evaluation criteria of experimental teaching achievements, the status quo and problems of the teaching of soil mechanics experimental courses in the college are analyzed, and the method of finding and filling vacancies is used to find the defects in the design of the experimental teaching system. Based on the previous professional experiments Set up professional basic experiments, revise the experimental performance evaluation plan, discuss the experimental teaching reform and experimental management methods, and construct a series of reforms such as the experimental teaching operating mechanism and experimental teaching performance evaluation system with college characteristics. The results show that the reform of experimental teaching based on the evaluation of experimental class results can better improve the effect of experimental teaching, optimize experimental teaching methods, help to effectively improve students" innovation and practical ability, and at the same time cultivate the quality of independent scientific research work and Competent talents provide some guidance.

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    • Gold Class Teaching Design of Structural Mechanics under the Background of Engineering Education Accreditation

      XIAN Qingjun, ZHANG Qingzhang, JIN Libing

      Based on the concept of engineering education, supporting effect of structural mechanics to graduation requirements of civil engineering specialty is analyzed. In view of the course features of structural mechanics, teaching ideas of structural mechanics are designed in accordance of gold class standard. Take the course content of force method for solving statically indeterminate structure for example, many methods of case teaching method, heuristic teaching method, discussion teaching method and so on are adopted. First the statically indeterminate structure is introduced from project cases, then specific ideas and steps of solution with force method are discussed, finally the knowledge learned is applied to solve steel structure engineering problems of the stadium in Zhengzhou Olympic Sports Center, thus general engineering problems and complex engineering problems are all solved. The teaching process achieves good results, which provides references for teaching of other foundation engineering courses of engineering specialties.

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    • Construction of Multi-disciplinary training system for Building Electricity and Intelligence Professionals

      yangyalong, FANG Qiansheng, wangmingyue, xiechenlei, Zhou yurong

      Building Electricity and Intelligence Professionals is an interdisciplinary subject involving civil engineering, information, electrical and other disciplines. The lack of relevant professionals has become an important reason to hinder the development of China's intelligent building industry. Therefore, the demand of national and social development for cultivating professional talents in building electrical and intelligent fields is imminent. Aiming at the four key issues of a single talent training model for building electrical and intelligent professionals, dislocation of training objectives, unclear training characteristics, and disjointed training links, Building Electricity and Intelligence Professionals of Anhui Jianzhu University puts forward integrated disciplines according to the needs of social development and composite talents advantaged talented person training method, and constructs the engineering application talents based on "new engineering" . The talent demand reconstructs the characteristic practice teaching system, forms the "1535" talent training system which adapts to the needs of the society and the industry, put forward the solution of the multi-disciplinary cross integration talent training system that integrates method innovation, model innovation and mechanism innovation, and show the application results of the multi-disciplinary cross integration talent training system, provides the reference for the construction of the national first-class undergraduate major of building electrical and intelligent.

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    • Methodology——The Application of Spatial Operation Method in Architecture Teaching by Analyzing the Results of the Third Grade Design Course

      lixiaodong, tonghui, liuwen, chenshiwei, yuyaxin, wangzhikun, qiyueyu

      Due to the combination of sensibility and rationality, the connection of art and technology, it is difficult to measure the conception, deepening process and design results of architectural courses. This also makes design course teaching generally have no rules to follow and cannot be followed, and it is difficult to use standard methods and step-by-step procedures to explain and impart professional knowledge. The teaching effect fluctuates greatly. The spatial operation method realizes the methodological training of step by step control and layer by layer depth, taking this as the starting point to guide the students to form the learning method of adapting to the task goal and restricting elements, further constructing a self-contained and logically mature design vocabulary, and cultivating students to form a perfect architectural professional accomplishment from the shallow to the deep and from the simple to the complex.

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    • Exploration on the development of bending experiment teaching of beam based on new materials

      Li Fuhai, Wu Haonan, Wang Jiangshan, Jiang Yilin, Hu Dinghan, Zhan Yulin

      Based on the research project, taking the bending performance of PP-ECC beam as an example, and combined with the experimental teaching of concrete beams in building materials, this paper analyzes the differences of RC beam and PP-ECC beam in crack shape, width, deformation development and bearing capacity, and summarizes and explores the new methods and new ideas of bending experiment of beam structure with new materials.The innovation and reform of beam structure experiment teaching mode, which integrates scientific research, engineering practice and experiment, is put forward. The exploration of this new model is the optimization and supplement of traditional teaching, which can provide ideas for the innovation of experimental teaching in other courses, and is conducive to stimulating students' interest in experiments, cultivating their ability of using software to process experimental data and analyze experimental results, as well as the comprehensive ability of combining theory with engineering application.

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    • The application of question-construction drawing-engineering training in the teaching of building equipment

      Wang Danmei

      Building Equipment involves three majors: building water supply and drainage, HVAC and building electrical. This course involves so much professional knowledge that teaching is difficult.The teaching of ‘building equipment’ includes theoretical knowledge, construction drawings and equipment installation. This paper puts forward the teaching method of the question-construction drawing-engineering training to improve the teaching effect of the course. In the paper, the problem-based teaching method is used to strengthen the students’ theoretical knowledge of construction equipment. The course improves students’ practical application ability through construction drawing teaching. The course enhances students’ understanding of equipment installation through on-site training.

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    • The syllabus in civil engineering based on the joint requirements for engineer capacity, accreditation standard, and professional specifications: a case of the curriculum of construction law

      ZHANG Youzhi, GU Hongchun

      Construction law is an important kind of law curriculum in civil engineering specialty. In the line with the joint requirements for engineer capacity, accreditation standard, and professional specifications, the curriculum of construction law is chosen as the study target, whose curriculum aims and capacity requirement, the relationship between curriculum aims and graduation standards, teaching contents and arrangement, teaching method design, curriculum test methods, and evaluation of curriculum aims. The research results have important complications for making curriculum syllabuses of civil engineering, and engineering management specialty in the context of engineering education accreditation.

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    • Research on using information technology to create offline first-class curriculum: take the course of “civil engineering materials” as an example

      KAN Jin, YAN Han-dong, WANG Hai-feng

      In view of the three major problems existing in the teaching of civil engineering materials, such as the lack of class hours, the lack of teaching process management, and the inability to achieve differentiated teaching and personalized learning, information technology is introduced into offline course teaching, to realize online key and difficult points, intelligent classroom teaching, real-time communication after class, and continuous process supervision. It achieves individualized learning and differentiated teaching, and effectively improves learning enthusiasm. The researchers use intelligent teaching tools to carry out teaching activities around pre class, class and after class. It has greatly improved class participation and communication between teachers and students. All aspects of students" learning are tracked and recorded, which has a strong urging effect on students. The research results show that the use of information technology has significantly improved the learning effect. participation in classroom has been significantly improved. students" performance has significantly improved. Quantitative evaluation of students" learning enthusiasm has become a reality, which is of great significance for timely and effective measures to urge students to learn. The use of information technology has realized the student-centered teaching concept and played an extremely important role in the creation of offline first-class courses.

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    • Innovation and practice of PBL method in the teaching of bridge engineering course base on OBE concept

      zhan yulin, Lu siji, Deng kailai, Xu tengfei, Li fuhai, Zhao renda

      With the deepening of educational reform and innovation, in order to promote the deep integration of modern educational technology and teaching, and improve the teaching quality of higher engineering education, according to the new situation of "bridge engineering" teaching, the application of PBL teaching method based on OBE concept in bridge engineering is introduced. As a basic theoretical course for civil engineering, bridge engineering has the characteristics such as wide knowledge, strong practicality and great difficulty et al. Based on the teaching experience and students" feedback, the reform and practice of teaching content of bridge engineering, decomposition of pedagogy , implementation and application of teaching method are carried out. An innovative classroom is built from the three aspects of " taking problems as the main line, teachers as the leading role and students as the main body " and takes the knowledge of bridge accidents and continuous beam bridge construction method as an example to illustrate. Through practical application, it not only inspires students" desire to seek knowledge actively, cultivates students" innovative thinking and team cooperation ability, but also improves students" ability to recognize, analyze and solve problems.

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    • Discussion on Basic Research Ability Training of Graduate Students

      YAN Lewei, LIANG Yingjing, ZHANG Yongshan, WANG Borui

      To improve the basic scientific research ability of the graduate students and ensure the quality of the dissertation, this paper clarifies the connotation and extension of the scientific research ability from the perspective of universities and tutors. The scientific research ability of graduate students includes two aspects, which are subjective aspect and objective aspect. The subjective initiative of graduate student has an important impact on graduate students" achievement level through objective aspect, such as scientific literacy and scientific research methods. Thesis proposal, mid-term examination and thesis are the three key nodes of graduate research. It is an important guarantee for the research level of graduate thesis to effectively complete the work required by these key nodes.

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    • Research on the mechanism of multi-party cooperative training under the background of new engineering——Take building electricity and intelligence as an example

      XU Xinyin, fubaochuan, WU Zhengtian

      Under the background of the rapid development of artificial intelligence in the new engineering, it puts forward new challenges to the cultivation of undergraduates in the building electricity and intelligence. Taking the major of building electricity and intelligence as an example, this paper analyzes the current situation of the students" training and development of the major and the correspondence between the collaborative theory and the students" training of the major, and applies the collaborative theory to the training of the major. On the basis of multi-party knowledge sharing and interaction, this paper explores the construction of undergraduate training mechanism of building electricity and intelligence specialty from the aspects of collaborative development of training objectives, collaborative development of dynamic adjustable operation mechanism, monitoring system and evaluation system, so as to meet the needs of the society for diversification of building electrical and intelligent professionals.

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    • Exploration on the improvement of students' participation in teaching under the Professional Engineering Education Accreditation

      HU XIAOWEI, WANG JIAN, YU HANG, CAO YANG

      In 2018, the National Conference on undergraduate education in New Era has clearly proposed to "strengthen the construction of university quality culture: three-level professional certification to ensure eligibility, upgrade and pursue excellence". Professional Engineering Education Accreditation is an internationally accepted quality assurance system for engineering education, China has became a full member of the Washington agreement in 2016. Under the background of professional Engineering education accreditation, how to grasp the innovative teaching methods and improve students' participation in teaching (in class and after class) is a key issue. This paper analyze the current situation of college students' classroom participation, and used for reference from the University of Minnesota (UM) teaching characteristic, introducing the preparation before class, Effective Student Teams, personal evaluation feedback, and timely test, and combining with Transportation Engineering features in China, explore the method and the way to how to improve students' classroom participation under the Professional engineering education accreditation, so as to improve students' learning efficiency, and strengthen the construction of university quality culture.

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    • Development of whole process IE+ teaching mode for Engineering Course

      LIU MENG, YU WEI

      With the rapid development of information technology, Internet+ education has been getting more and more attention. Compared with elementary and high school education, the targeted audience of speciality course is limited due to the diversity of the universities. Therefore, the IE+ in higher education is lagging behind. By analysing existing status of on-line teaching learning and updates of on-line teaching learning from the teachers and students in universities during the epidemic, together with the characteristics of IE+ technology, a whole process teaching mode is proposed based on internet technology. And the whole process teaching mode is based on common internet platform or tools which could easily build a virtual+ real classroom and integrate the on-class and off-class time to improve the teaching effects. The mode has been put in the teaching process of Heating and Cooling Sources and got a good teaching effect.

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    • Exploration and practice of Ideological and political construction in the course of engineering management frontier

      YUAN JINGFENG, Su Shu, Zhu Lei, Huang Jun

      Based on an in-depth understanding of the significance and connotation of Ideological and political courses, taking "engineering management frontier" as a pilot course, this paper discusses how to carry out ideological and political construction work for civil engineering management specialty. According to the main line of the course teaching, this paper constructs the ideological and political teaching system and content of the frontier course of engineering management, and puts forward the special teaching organization mode and means to facilitate the ideological and political content into the professional courses, so as to maximize the teaching efficiency of the course. The results show that as a pilot course, the expected goal has been achieved, which can provide experience for further ideological and political education teaching.

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    • Practice of educational reform of application-oriented construction specialty focusing on the cultivation of practicing ability

      Xu Fuwei, Wang Weiyi, Li Zheng, Chen Haiyu

      Aiming at the problems of how to improve the practicing ability of the practitioners in the construction industry and how to improve the difficulty, challenge and comprehensiveness of the course teaching, this paper discusses the implementation of the teaching reform which is oriented by practicing qualification education and focuses on cultivating practicing ability in the professional education of colleges and universities.Teaching reform based on "public knowledge and ability, professional skills, actual work ability, professional ethics and professional quality" of the professional knowledge and ability required for the main line, build the basis of focus on undergraduate education basic education platform, professional education and industry enterprise entry requirements of the comprehensive practice education platform, the practice of the actual operation ability request education platform, professional ethics and practicing quality requirements of the quality education platform of the course system of "one main siping station".The reconstruction of the curriculum system makes the curriculum setting clearer and the training tasks and objectives undertaken by each platform clearer, which is conducive to improving students" practicing ability.Comprehensive design practice the teaching reform of the project to the knowledge system, comprehensive, difficulty and the challenge has also improved, the teaching process to simulate the whole process of engineering construction, help students better understand the knowledge of engineering design, to improve the practice ability of students, inspire the students" learning enthusiasm, teaching effect is obvious.

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    • The Composition Characteristic of Connotative Development

      liu yu feng, xu wei

      Local colleges and universities are the main body of national higher education, the main undertakers and executors of promoting connotation construction and on a long-term basis, making China a powerful country by building an advanced system of higher education. Connotative development is a kind of development mode which differs from the scale development. Merely from the understanding of the concept, the composition of connotative development should include all the factors that affect the function of the local institutions, consisting of elements with regard to its goal, function, subject, object and governance, as well as the base level and promotion level of the constituent elements, all of which are integrated by knowledge processing. The basic elements of connotative development possess the characteristics of objective existence, knowledge-acquisition process, implicitness and explicitness of behavioral consequence, and input-output complexity. Local colleges and universities should grasp the essence of connotative development accurately with the viewpoint of system, contradiction and appropriate value, highlight their position and function as the subject elements, spot the key problems and main phases, so as to avoid the superficiality, formality, and quantity without quality of the connotation construction, thus improving the constructing effect.

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    • Discussion on the Way to Cultivate the Practice Ability of the Engineering Postgraduates in Local Universities

      yu xiaoping, Ju Fali, Liu Liying

      In the new era, the cultivation of master of engineering needs to adapt to the talent demand of national innovation and development. The key ability of full-time Master of engineering is engineering practice ability. The construction of engineering practice ability training system is an important measure to ensure the education quality of master of engineering. In view of the current situation of Engineering Master's education in general colleges and universities, this paper analyzes the main reasons for the weakness of engineering ability training through literature review, questionnaire survey and case study. Based on the basic laws of engineering ability composition and engineering master's personnel training, it is suggested that engineering education should be strengthened and integrated with the whole process of engineering education, and engineering guidance should be set up by engineering master's students. This paper analyzes the engineering practice education in the aspects of cultivating engineering system thinking, construction of engineering practice base of production, learning and research, and setting of the course system of undergraduate and postgraduate linkage practice, and puts forward the innovative consciousness and engineering ability training approach of engineering postgraduate to face the industry development and engineering post ability demand. The strategy of engineering practice education put forward in this paper can be used as a reference for the education reform and practice of master of engineering.

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    • Teaching and supervising for part-time master of engineering students in the major of construction in civil engineering (1998-2018)

      Xiao Jianzhuang, Xu Rong, Xi Yonghui, Xu Wei

      It has been 20 years for Tongji University starting the first session of part-time Master in Engineering since September 1998. After these years’ practice, Tongji University held the spirt that "service strategy, docking industry, leading the future development, always for students" in the cultivation of the part-time Master student in the Major of Construction in Civil Engineering, focused on the characteristics of full-time Master of engineering, confronted the difficulties and problems in the process of teaching and supervising, carried out a series of innovation and exploration, gave full play to the radiation and incentive effects of Tongji University culture and the excellent tradition of Civil Engineering in Tongji University, built the long-term cultivation mechanism of "service requirements, accurate docking, collaboration education, double wins". It has achieved good implementation effect and social response, fulfilled the requirements of The Times of writing papers on the motherland, and cultivated a large number of application-oriented, compound high-level engineering technology and engineering management talents for the national construction industry.

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    • A Study on the Construction Model of

      danhuayang

      The theoretical essence of "harmony culture" which emphasizes order, harmony but "harmony but different" has great reference function for the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture. As an important carrier of moral education in Colleges and universities, the practice base of moral education shoulders an important mission in the process of talent training in Colleges and universities. This paper intends to focus on the new requirements of the new era to solve the fragmentation and randomization problems of the second classroom practice course, to eliminate the difficulties of insufficient joint efforts and waste of resources in the construction of the practice base of moral education, to explore the construction of the "three one one " mode under the "harmony" perspective, to reconstruct the teaching staff, to start the construction of the database, and to improve the practice base of the second classroom moral education in Colleges and universities through the construction of the innovation platform In order to enhance the scientific and long-term effectiveness of the practice base system.

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    • Fusion approach of ideological and political education into specialty courses for civil engineering——experiences from design principle of concrete structures

      XU Teng-fei, Yang Cheng, ZHAO Ren-da, FU hai-ying, LIU Xue-yi, DENG Kai-lai

      The fusion approach of ideological and political education into specialty courses which has a high ratio of the credits determines the success in building up the ideological and political education system. Meanwhile, it is a challenge for the civil engineering teachers of fusing the ideological and political elements into specialty courses seamlessly, and educating students naturally. Design principle of concrete structures was adopted as an example to discuss the aims, strong points and fusion approach of the ideological and political education in specialty courses. In the specialty courses of the civil engineering major, the aims of the ideological and political education can be set in the views of political and national identities, moral characters and professional ethics, as well as academic ambition and scientific spirit. The introduction part of each curriculum always includes the outlines, engineering applications, development history and learning methods of this curriculum. The elements of political and national identities, moral characters and professional ethics can be refined and fused into the introduction part. In the sections of professional knowledges, the academic ambition and scientific spirit elements can be refined and fused into this parts by using the historical literatures and classical experiments in the development of the professional knowledges.

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    • Exploration on the Teaching Model of Urban and Rural Safety and Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Planning under the Territorial Space Planning System

      wang wei

      With the development of the national space planning system, the new requirements have been imposed on the education and teaching of urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning. Based on the current status of the construction and development of the urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning specialty in China, we comprehensively analyze the characteristics of the current urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning specialty and the impact of land and space planning on urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning, and explore the teaching objectives, content and form of the curriculum for urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and reduction majors in the context of the reform of the territorial space planning system, break the original planning teaching thinking mode, and establish a teaching framework that is suitable for the requirements of the territorial space planning system in the new era. These studies can make efforts to train new types of professionals in urban and rural safety and disaster prevention and mitigation planning.

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    • Development of Virtual Experimental Teaching Platform for Mechanical Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Members

      song xiao bin, zhang wei ping, Huang Qinghua, Ren Xiaodan, Zhu Peng, Chen Bao

      In response to the Ministry of Education's call to further promote the deep integration of information technology and experimental teaching of higher education, and to continuously strengthen the development and application of high-quality resources for experimental teaching in higher education, and to substantially improve the quality of experimental teaching and practice of talent education in higher education, the College of Civil Engineering of Tongji University, supported by the platform of the Civil Engineering Experimental Teaching Center of the National Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center, has developed a virtual experimental teaching platform for the mechanical behavior of reinforced concrete members. The platform focuses on the entire testing process of concrete members, including experimental design, specimen preparation, loading, measuring and data analysis, combined with the undergraduate course " Basic principles of Concrete Structures" as to achieve a mutual supplement between virtual and physical testing. It is expected that the physical experiments can be then complemented, expanded and improved. Meanwhile, the platform guides students, via intelligent guidance and assistance, to expand the application, prediction and verification of theoretical knowledge and to stimulate students’ interest in further exploring.

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    • Constructing a curriculum ecosystem of graduate students' international academic communication ability: Taking the curriculum system of related ability training of a western research-based university as an example

      Zhang Yu Xin, Li Xiaohui, Zhang Caizhi, Li Mei

      With the increasingly frequent international academic exchanges, it is more and more important to improve the international academic exchanges of postgraduates. The three courses of "professional foreign language", "scientific paper writing" and "graduate academic English" can improve the international communication ability of graduate students to different degrees, but these three courses do not form a joint force and fail to achieve the best effect of education. This paper makes a comparative study of the three courses from the aspects of teaching content design, teachers' background, postgraduate tutors and postgraduate after-class feedback, and explores a way to improve the international academic communication ability of postgraduate students.

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    • E-SPOC engineering talent teaching mode based on “Ability Tree”

      LIU Ai-fang, DU Bin-bin, REN Xiao-yu

      With the rapid development of Internet technology, information technology and engineering education are deeply integrated. In order to meet the training needs of engineering talents, this thesis analyzes the ability structure of engineering talents, and constructs the "ability tree" of engineering talents meeting to the graduation requirements of engineering education, and develops Engineering Education-Small Private Online Course (E-SPOC) engineering talent teaching mode based on "ability tree" docking classroom education and continuing education with information technology, carry out basic theoretical research of teaching mode, and discusses the application of E-SPOC engineering talents teaching mode in engineering education teaching and ability training from the aspects of teaching content, teaching process organization and teaching evaluation mode, and according to the "ability tree" to explore the implementation path of E-SPOC engineering talent teaching mode.

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    • Research on the Cultivation Mode of Mechanical Engineering Talentsfor Intelligent Manufacturing

      RAN Yan, ZHANG Ding Fei, LI Cong Bo, TANG Bao Ping, XIAO Gui Jian

      Intelligent manufacturing is the main trend in manufacturing today, and talent is the primary resource. Colleges and universities, as the export destinations of a large number of talents, face huge challenges. Aiming at the problem of engineering application ability cultivation of domestic college mechanical engineering students, this paper proposes new requirements for the talents of mechanical engineering professionals in the context of intelligent manufacturing based on the training objectives and the needs analysis of the corporate society. Based on the analysis of the status quo of the training of mechanical engineering professionals in some local undergraduate colleges, a new multidisciplinary cross-integration training model suitable for mechanical engineering professionals is proposed, and the teaching implementation under the new multi-disciplinary cross-fusion training model is discussed Compared with the traditional interdisciplinary teaching program, the program has obvious universality. Provides reference suggestions for cultivating high-quality intelligent manufacturing application talents that meet the requirements of enterprises.

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    • Exploration of case project teaching method of building structure seismic course

      ZHENG Xiao-fen, LI Kai-yang

      Seismic design of building structures is a strongly comprehensive professional course of the structural engineering division which covers disciplines such as steel and concrete structures, structural mechanics, geology, and seismic engineering. Compared to other professional courses with rather singular knowledge systems, this course requires much more for the integrity of a student's knowledge. The article focuses on the case project teaching approach, explaining why the method was proposed, its characteristics, and its specific requirements. It also provides some advice about the application of this new approach on actual courses. We sincerely hope that this article can be of help in the widespread application of the case project teaching approach.

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    • BIM design competition for college students under the background of new engineering The influence of engineer's ability training

      niyanling, panshuang, lvda, tuchunxing

      Abstract: since the promotion of new science and engineering construction, the education management system of engineering students has been comprehensively improved, more and more attention has been paid to the cultivation of engineers, and the training methods of engineers are becoming more and more perfect and diversified. The organization of large-scale college students' competition has also become a means of engineers' ability training. However, in terms of the current situation of civil and Engineering Management College Students' competition, the competition between At this stage, the education system is not suitable. Based on the experience of professional competition, this paper explores the influence of BIM design competition on the ability training of College Students' engineers, analyzes the main problems in the ability training of College Students' engineers, and puts forward corresponding solutions to the school and society.

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    • Research on the optimization of training program of Civil Engineering Specialty under the background of

      jiangfei, yangqianqian

      In order to meet the challenge of the fourth industrial revolution, China has implemented "excellence program" 2.0, and continuously promoted the development of engineering education. As a traditional advantage engineering specialty, civil engineering needs to take the initiative to connect with "excellence program" 2.0 to realize the upgrading and transformation of traditional specialty. The talent training program reflects the goal of running a school, the specification of talent training and the curriculum system, which is in the top-level design important position in the process of talent training. This paper makes a comparative analysis of the talent training programs of eight universities, including Changsha University of science and technology, South China University of technology, Xi'an University of architecture and technology, with the guidance of industry standards and clear positioning of talent training objectives; with the guidance of "big engineering concept", it enriches the form of interdisciplinary integration; introduces foreign high-quality education resources, explores the way of international talent training; and strengthens practical teaching, We will expand ways and means of cooperation between schools and enterprises to optimize personnel training programs.

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    • Research on local colleges characteristic governance under the perspective of inheriting regional culture

      FANG Qian-Sheng, PAN He-Ping

      Local colleges have long been under the influence of regional culture, it is the foundation of the characteristic development of local colleges. The paper explore the main problems existing in the process of characteristic running, analyzes the main influence of regional characteristic culture. It is based on ecological niche theory, research local colleges how to be absorbed regional cultural elements in the process of cultivate distinctive talents,and improve the quality of education through inheriting regional culture. Local colleges should renew the concept of talent training, reconstruct the characteristic curriculum system, expand the way of characteristic education, build the characteristic education platform, implement the characteristic education model.

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    • New Challenges and Teaching Reforms of the National Virtual Simulation Experimental Teaching Center under the Emerging Engineering Education Background

      WU Chen, MA Sheng-lan, ZHAN Jin-wu, WANG-Zhanliang

      The national virtual simulation experimental teaching center is the product of the in-depth integration of disciplines and information technology, and it is also the development direction of experimental teaching. From the perspective of global industrial development, Chinese new economic development, and the transformation of engineering education paradigm, it is responsible for the national virtual simulation experiment teaching center to promote “intelligence + education” educational productivity. The new challenges currently facing the center and the preliminary reform exploration in Fujian University of Technology are introduced. Finally, some suggestions are given for the continuous construction of the national virtual simulation experimental teaching center.

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    • Exploration on the wisdom teaching reform of tunnel engineering course under the construction of emerging engineering and double tops education

      DUAN Shuqian, SHI Gang, YAN Changbin, XIONG Jiecheng

      Wisdom teaching reform led by the appropriate application of teaching wisdom, has gradually become a key measure to realize and deepen the reform of higher engineering education under the strategy of emerging engineering and double tops education. As for tunnel engineering, a comprehensive, theoretical, interdisciplinary and practical core curriculum of civil engineering, the traditional teaching concepts, models and curriculum content can no longer meet the demand for high-level innovative engineering talents in urban rail transit, resource development engineering and the Belt and Road construction. The current teaching status and the existing problems of tunnel engineering course are systemically elaborated first, and then a creative wisdom teaching reform method is proposed. The student-oriented method fully integrates teaching ability intelligent upgrading, teaching content intelligent updating, multidimensional teaching mode and learning-oriented intelligent autonomy, taking discipline education as the criterion. Good practice indicates that the method could be a beneficial exploration of wisdom teaching reform and can effectively promote both wisdom teaching and learning of tunnel engineering course, making it possible for teaching from single knowledge to multiple wisdom.

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    • The Built Heritage Protection Dimension of Basic Design Teaching

      SA Ying, WANG Xiaoyun, LI Zhiying, LONG Ye

      The rapid development and progress of information technology, it has affected the spatial composition of cities and buildings, and has penetrated into and integrated into urban planning, urban design and architectural design. In this paper, it is focus on the idea of architectural heritage protection in basic design teaching. Meanwhile,it includes three aspects of teaching analysis, teaching construction, research and teaching. The purpose is the foundation for the protection of the engineering science from the course of the basic design of the undergraduate.

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    • Architectural History and Heritage + Design Education of Faculty of Architecture and Built Environment of Delft University of Technology

      Chen Dan

      Renewal /reuse of buildings (built environment) has become a very important and common work in the contemporary architectural designing/urban planning spheres. The transformation from new building to reusing and from protection to revitalization also puts forward new requirements for current architectural education. Department Architecture and Built Environment (BK) of Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands has made a long-term exploration through reforming the history courses and embedding heritage value oriented architectural design minors, etc., and has accumulated mature and edge-cutting experiences: integrating theoretical history education and designing education by regarding design as the goal of history education, while taking heritage value evaluation as the guide and judgment standards of designing, to cultivate the capabilities of students to do designing / planning in the historical and socio-cultural context. The course contents, teaching characteristics and specific processes are fully analyzed in this paper to provide a reference for the innovation of domestic (architectural) education.

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    • Comparison of Calculation Methods of Curriculum Weight Coefficient Based on Engineering Certification Standard

      Yang Wansheng, Liu Lin, Gao Yunfei, Wang Zhangyuan, Yan Biao, Wang Xiaoxia, Zheng Ruiyun

      Construction environment and energy application engineering is a major with strong engineering applicability, which mainly trains students to be able to engage in industrial and civil construction environment control and energy supply. According to the requirements of engineering certification, the graduation requirements of construction environment major control index points each factor should be calculated according to the training objectives and Curriculum system. At present, due to the short time of engineering certification in our country, professional teachers still lack the knowledge, understanding and grasp of the calculation method of relevant weight coefficient, which is not conducive to the development of teaching under the goal of professional engineering certification, and does not meet the professional development requirements of engineering certification. On the basis of engineering certification standard, this paper analyzes the relationship between graduation requirement index points and supporting courses of Jianhuan major. By using AHP, the judgment matrix of index points and supporting courses is established, and the weight coefficients of each index point factor are calculated and analyzed, and the weight coefficients of different index points of graduation requirement are obtained At the same time, the weight coefficient obtained by AHP is compared with that obtained by credit method, and the advantages and disadvantages of each calculation method are pointed out, in order to promote the engineering certification of construction and environmental protection specialty.the construction environment and energy application engineering is a major with strong engineering applicability, which aims to train students to be able to engage in industrial and civil construction environment control and energy supply. According to the requirements of engineering certification, the graduation requirements of the construction environment major should control all factors of the index points according to the training objectives and curriculum system to calculate the weight coefficient. At present, due to the short time of engineering certification in our country, professional teachers still lack the knowledge, understanding and grasp of the calculation method of relevant weight coefficient, which is not conducive to the development of teaching under the goal of professional engineering certification, and does not meet the professional development requirements of engineering certification. Based on the engineering certification standard, this paper analyzes the graduation requirements index points and their factors of the major of constructi030.03.662on and environment, establishes the judgment matrix by using the analytic hierarchy process, and calculates and analyzes the weight coefficients of the factors of each index point, and obtains the weight coefficients of different index points of graduation requirements The calculation results are analyzed and discussed in order to promote the engineering certification of the construction and environmental protection specialty.

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    • Exploration on civil engineering material course reformation according to the standard of “golden course”

      LI Hongying

      Under background of reconstruction of the military college system and systematic course reformation of the army college, according to the standard of "golden course", This paper explores and studies the course reform of civil engineering material. The main problems existing in civil engineering materials courses are analyzed , such as the lack of accurate docking of talent training objectives, the lack of optimization and reconstruction of teaching content system, and the lack of integration and innovation of teaching methods. Ideas and principles of civil engineering material course reform are established, the teaching goals of starting point to meet post capacity and the potential capacity for long-term development are established, the reverse transformation path is designed, the basic teaching design principles of course are the principle of subjectivity by students" effective participation and the basic principle of learning content optimization. Measures including course structure, teaching content, teaching method, practice platform, examination method, innovation competition, etc.are put forward to promote the course reformation , to eliminate "water course" and create "golden course".

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    • Exploration and practice of personnel training in urban underground space engineering by university enterprise cooperation

      Yuwei Zhang

      The development and utilization of underground space is the key development direction of the country in the future. Urban underground space engineering is a new subject which combines theory and practice closely. At present, the talent cultivation of various schools is still in the initial stage of exploration, which is out of line with the talent demand of enterprises. Combined with the urban underground space project of Xi'an University of architecture and technology, this paper puts forward some measures such as setting up Research Institute, laboratory, practice base and network platform by combining school and enterprise, establishing talent incubation pool by using the teaching resources and enterprise engineering practice of colleges and universities, giving full play to the respective advantages of colleges and enterprises, and putting forward the school enterprise cooperation training model from the perspective of talent training and enterprise development needs In this way, the school students can enter the practice base to improve the engineering practice ability, and the enterprise employees can supplement the theoretical knowledge through the network platform, so as to realize the win-win goal of the school and enterprise personnel training. This paper analyzes the feasibility of school enterprise cooperative training mode from the perspective of universities and enterprises, and discusses the significance of school enterprise cooperative training mode to universities and enterprises. The results show that the school enterprise cooperative training mode is of great significance to the teaching reform and the long-term development of enterprises.

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    • Research on flipped classroom teaching mode of《digital architecture design I》 from the perspective of mobile Internet

      Huang Li

      In the era of digital economy, students can learn online autonomously through the amount of learning resources on the Internet in their spare time. In class, teachers and students can learn offline through questioning and discussion. The combination of online and offline learning in different ways will constitute the most efficient learning method at this stage. The course of 《digital architecture design I 》attempts to take the design, discussion and practice of a series of experimental project cases as the main line of teaching process, and use mobile app, course wechat learning group and "rain class", "enterprise wechat", "Tencent class" and "Tencent conference" and other real-time online interactive technologies based on mobile Internet to build online and offline deep integration flipped course Classroom teaching mode. This paper attempts to build an active learning mode of thinking in practice and asking questions in practice with students as the center, so as to cultivate the technical talents who are good at asking questions and thinking, good at digital design conception, understanding the implementation steps of the project, familiar with the operation process of the project, and have the ability of innovation and hands-on practice.

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    • Bridge and architecture interdisciplinary construction and innovative engineering talent cultivation

      xu Li-ping, Zhang Jian-long, Xiao Ru-cheng

      Considering the new demand of bridge aesthetic art in urban construction at home and abroad, it is difficult to copy or directly use the existing relevant courses between architectural structure, architecture and architectural aesthetics, because of the particular relationship between bridge structure and form. Bridge and architecture interdisciplinary emerges as the time requires. The curriculum construction includes the compilation of teaching materials, the reform of teaching syllabus and personnel training mode, among which the teaching material development is the core and the leader.The theory and aesthetic creation of urban bridge architecture is based on the theory and engineering technology of bridge structure, the theoretical system and technical route of architecture, the research object of bridge structure technology, function and shape and their internal relationship, and the interdisciplinary subject of theory and creation of urban bridge, comprehensive technology and art.By elaborately arranging the syllabus, teaching contents, teaching methods and assessment methods of undergraduate and graduate courses, Tongji University has successively set up the interdisciplinary elective courses of graduate major and undergraduate excellent general courses, realizing the connection of undergraduate and graduate courses, and the connection of interdisciplinary and the two colleges' own major courses.The reform of curriculum construction and training mode will promote the engineering design from pure technical thinking of bridge structure to the comprehensive thinking and creation of bridge technology and art. The goal is to systematically cultivate the technical creativity and aesthetic creative quality of students majoring in bridge structure and architecture and urban planning.

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    • Competency of guiding?teachers of technology competitions for Chinese college students toward global engineering education accreditation

      zhangqi, dingxin, wangqiuping

      Engineering education accreditation is considered fundamental reforming orientation to the institutional constructions of talent cultivation for engineering majors, while technology competitions for college students are also considered important approaches to achieve the educational objectives and graduation demands by engineering education accreditation. On the understanding that guidance to technology competitions is dealt with in the light of 3 core ideas of engineering education accreditation, including student-centered, comprehensive ability outcome-based and continuous improvement, the structural equation model (SEM) of the competency of guiding?teachers is established with competency concepts and principles. Moreover, assumptions of SEM model are proved and formation mechanisms of the competency of guiding?teachers are analyzed through a case study of NACtrans. It is suggested that the competency of guiding?teachers is consisted of 3 dimensions, including topic selecting, works producing and team managing. While there are 10 characteristic vectors related to the 3 dimensions and 5 of them have more obvious direct influence on these dimensions according to SEM of NACtrans case. The hierarchical differentiation of colleges is the main reason for topic selecting performances of their guiding?teachers through indirect interference of intermediate variable in SEM of NACtrans case, as well as regional differentiation of colleges for works producing performances. Countermeasures to improve the competency continuously can be raised by both effects achieving in the short time and connotation constructing in the long run discussed above.

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    • Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation of Major Training Objectivein Higher Engineering Education Based on Multi-subject and Multi-factor

      WU Chen, WANG Zhan-liang, MA Sheng-lan

      In higher engineering education of China, the rationality evaluation of training objectives provides the foundation for objectives revision, and the achievement evaluation is an important basis for the continuous improvement in teaching. However, the current evaluation method is usually abstract and macroscopic, which affects the evaluation effectiveness. Under the background of emerging engineering education and big data, a new evaluation system based on multi-subject multi-factor is proposed for basic data collection. The fuzzy mathematic theory is adopted to evaluate comprehensively the rationality and achievement of major training objectives, which lays a foundation for the continuous improvement based on the concept of outcome -based education.

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    • Research on the "3+1+1" education model of college-enterprise cooperative in the viewpoint of integration between production and education for urban and rural planning

      WANG Baojun, JIANG Yun, PANG Bo, XIA Hongjia, TAO Chunhui

      The nation clearly considered integration between production and education as the major steps of the reform and development of higher education. In this context, for the problems of college-enterprise cooperation in urban and rural planning major from application-oriented institutions, this paper puts forward the college-enterprise cooperation of urban and rural planning Multinity Integration including teachers, students, enterprises, local governments, vocational training institutions in the perspective of integration between production and education. Depending on central platform of integration between production and education, the research built up cooperative education environment, optimizing the curriculum system and practical teaching system by revising the program of cultivating talents with college and enterprise cooperation, optimizing and innovating the “4+1” in urban and rural planning college-enterprise cooperative talents cultivating model, finally building up the talents cultivating model of integration between production and education of “3+1+1” in urban and rural planning and college-enterprise cooperation.

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    • Research on the Construction of High-level Universities with Industrial Characteristics in Jiangxi Province——Taking

      Wang Yong-xiang, Wu Tao

      The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" for the development of education in Jiangxi Province states that it would arrange financial funds to build a number of high-level universities with special characteristics. In order to clarified the way and direction of the construction of high-level universities with industry characteristics in Jiangxi Province, taking East China Jiaotong University as an example, five universities with the characteristics of rail transit were selected as the reference samples for the study. By obtaining actual official data, the correlation coefficient analysis method was used to The core competitiveness of the research sample was analyzed and compared. The results show that the core competitiveness of East China Jiaotong University in the sample universities is in the third echelon, which is far from the high-level universities with industry characteristics of the first echelon. Finally, it proposes strategic measures for the construction of East China Jiaotong University as a high-level university with industry characteristics.

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    • Perception and practiceAnalysis on the new mode of undergraduate education of architecture in local universities

      XU Jian-he, YAN jun, OUYANG-guohui, HE chuan

      Based on the background of the new engineering, combined with the social demand of new technology and new business form for architectural professionals, through the understanding and training of the concept of Education to build a local university characteristics and reflect the characteristics of the times of strong practical ability of the undergraduate education system of architecture, aiming at innovative consciousness and practical ability, this paper explores the mode and overall reform scheme of undergraduate talents cultivation of architecture specialty in local universities, and constructs a cooperative cultivation system and curriculum system oriented by the goal of strengthening design and practical ability, combining with the current situation of local colleges and universities, we strive to achieve the goal of training talents of compound and applied architecture for local economic construction.

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    • The dilemma and countermeasures of the construction of grassroots party organizations in major emergent public crisis events

      JIANG YANCHUAN, Zhang Yan, Yang Li-hua

      Major emergencies in public crises are closely related and closely connected with the construction of the grassroots organizations of the Communist Party of China. With the development of network information, the current major public emergencies are greater than any challenge to the social order. The grass-roots organizations of the Communist Party of China, as the main body involved in the handling of the incident, should adapt to the new challenges and continuously improve the organization in the face of new challenges. Construction level. In the process of responding to major emergencies, it is necessary to take precautions and make emergency contingency plans; strengthen the foundation and strengthen the credibility of grassroots party organizations; dare to act and play the role of the vanguard of the party members; take a two-pronged approach and pay attention to both spiritual and material security. In practice, the ability of grassroots party organizations will be improved to win victory in the handling of major public emergencies.

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    • Reformation of postgraduate training mode based on “Double First-Class” construction: Taking the major of Bridge and Tunnel Engineering in Harbin Institute of Technology as an example

      GAO Qing-fei, WANG Yan-fang, MA Qi-lu, LI Jun, WANG Qi

      Based on the strategic demand of "traffic power" put forward in the report of the 19th national congress of the CPC, combined with the background of "Double First-Class" construction, the quality of master training in bridge and tunnel engineering is particularly critical. Based on the analysis of the current training mode of the masters in Harbin Institute of Technology in the past 10 years, and the comparison with other typical universities in terms of training years, curriculum and student-teacher ratio, some suggestions on the reform of the training mode of the masters in bridge and tunnel engineering are put forward. Academic master and professional master should be trained by classification. The course setting, training years and assessment requirements should be truly differentiated, such as optimizing the course setting, reducing the credits of compulsory courses, increasing the credits of optional courses and enhancing students' learning initiative. In addition, it is also very effective to continue to strengthen the process management, improve the corresponding system, increase mutual supervision between teachers and students, and implement the end elimination system.

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    • Application of virtual reality in architectural space cognition

      GUAN Hui-qing, XU Jing-feng, GONG Cheng-jin, GAO Lu

      Virtual reality technology in such aspects as spatial cognition and design thinking training has unique advantages, and spatial cognition is an important index of the basic education of architecture. At present, the application cases of virtual reality technology in architectural design education mainly focus on the description of teaching process and decomposition of technical process, while the evaluation of teaching results still needs further practice and verification. This paper expounds the basic definition, form and evaluation factors of space cognitive. It also takes the virtual reality technology as part of an Architectural Essentials teaching reform course, to extract the space scale cognitive factors of spatial cognitive ability, in the form of a questionnaire for junior student of spatial cognition ability to improve conditions for quantitative analysis. The experimental results showed that after the intervention of virtual reality in the teaching process, students" cognitive ability of building spatial scale increased by 11.2 percent to 68.7 percent, while the understanding of the windowing scale showed limitations. In addition, students who have been taught by virtual reality pay more attention to the sense of experience, indicating that the way of spatial thinking is influenced by teaching methods, and virtual reality makes the relationship between visual representation and spatial thinking more close.

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    • Teaching practice of flipped classroom integrated with PBL in the course of urban planning principles

      WangTing, LI Wenting, Yang Wenyue

      Through the problem-based flipped classroom to solve the problems existing in the traditional urban planning principles course. The teaching contents of the course of urban planning principles are various and complicated. And the traditional teaching method is mainly based on teacher's narration, which leads to students' passive learning and poor teaching effect. In combination with PBL's flipped classroom, the traditional classroom will be flipped with the guidance of questions, forming a student-centered and teacher-directed ability training teaching. This paper introduces the concrete teaching practice plan, the practice includes modularized reconstruction of teaching content based on flipped classroom, and building learning platform on WeChat Subscription. It also clarifies the specific methods and steps of PBL flipped classroom before, during and after class, as well as the way of examination and evaluation. Through practical research, it is concluded that the teaching of PBL flipped classroom makes teachers more clearly understand the weak links of students' curriculum learning. Students' abilities in autonomous learning, communication and cooperation, summary and induction, and language expression have been greatly improved, and the teaching effect is improved.

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    • Design and practice of blended teaching mode for civil engineering

      zeng xueqin, WANG Liwen, LI Pengbo, LI Xiongwei, DING Chuan

      Innovative teaching and learning is an important way to improve the quality of talent cultivation. Based on the needs of talent training in the era of Education Informatiozation 2.0", this study analyzed the necessity of blended teaching reform of civil engineering courses. Then based on the internet plus curriculum construction mode and the reverse instructional design theory, this study constructed a blended teaching mode based on "SPOC+ MOOCs classroom" from the aspects of teaching goal setting, teaching object analysis, teaching resource construction, interactive teaching activity design and diversified assessment system. Taking the course of civil engineering construction organization as an example, the results indicate that the blended teaching mode improves the students" driving force and problem-solving ability in autonomous learning to some extent, increases the students" sense of acquisition, and promotes the cultivation of students" engineering practice ability.

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    • Discussion and practice of innovative capability cultivation in civil engineering graduation dissertation

      WANG Jingjing, OU Zhihua, ZHENG Yuqiang

      University graduation dissertation for civil engineering students in China is considered to have wide-ranging contents, heavy workload, and full of difficulties. Incorporating innovative capability cultivation into graduation dissertation meets the needs for improving students’ overall quality and providing high-end engineering talents. Issues exist in current graduation dissertation including outdated topics, negative learning attitude, passive education mode, and lacking of practice. To address these issues, instruction methods including offering more types of dissertation topics, updating design contents up to practical engineering, motivating students’ proactivity, playing the guiding role of teachers, making reasonably in-depth instruction plan, and emphasizing more on practices are proposed. Those proposed methods are expected to contribute to the enhancement of graduation dissertation.

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    • Pedagogical reform of “earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of engineering structures” and teaching practice during major epidemic situations

      Wang Hao, Zhang Zhiqiang, Xu Ming, Tao Tianyou, Li Aiqun

      The construction of the course “earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of engineering structure” is very important to cultivate the comprehensive talents with both ability and morality in the field of disaster prevention and mitigation. To fulfill the basic task of cultivating talents with moral integrity, enrich teaching materials, teaching methods, teaching language, improve the activity of classroom, and guarantee the teaching quality of the course, the pedagogical reform is carried out. Combined with the professional interpretation and discussion of typical engineering damage, the “infiltrative” ideological and political teaching mode of the course have been established. The bilingual interactive teaching practice of the course have been implement through adopting bilingual teaching and the thematic instruction by the international famous experts. The students’ understanding on the knowledge of earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of the engineering structure have been promoted by strengthening the practical teaching of the course. The teaching resources sharing platform of the course has been established to share the high-quality teaching resources in time. Meanwhile, the teaching strategy of the course in epidemic period is explored, and the strategy is verified by the teaching practice during COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019). The teaching strategy and practice can provide some reference for the course of “earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of engineering structures” in the period of major epidemic.

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    • The Theory and Practice of Project Whole Process Integration and Reverse Learning Method

      wu yingshi, guo yuanfang, xu guangyi

      Engineering cost major is an applied technic vocational educational major which needs to cultivate high-quality and skilled talents pragmatically and efficiently. Traditionally, basic and core courses are divided according to different semesters, as well as the course structure of map recognition and construction technology, measurement and pricing, and software application. Under the current new technical conditions such as Internet plus, BIM technological application, and prefab building promotion, suitability reform and innovation should be carried out. As for the “Project whole process integration and reverse learning method” referred to " P&R integrated reverse teaching method), this passage sets a basis of process, modularity, integration, reverse teaching method in accordance with the "branch or sub branch Project" for the object to build a curriculum structure in different majors and the whole process integration. P&R integrated reverse teaching method can better meet the requirements of "integration of industry and education, school-enterprise cooperation, combination of work and study, and integration of knowledge and practice" put forward by the ministry of education of China for the technical vocational education.

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    • Study On the construction of architecture specialty system in local Universities Based on national professional education evaluation standards and Fujian regional cultural characteristics——Construction practice of architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology

      Huang Zhuangwei

      Since 2000, with the rapid development of national economy, China has set off a new upsurge of architecture major. As a new architecture major in local universities,The architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology takes the national professional evaluation standard as the program, the regional culture and local construction demand in southwest Fujian as the support, and "reform, opening up, practice and service" as the guideline .The construction concept has built the architecture professional system of local universities integrating teaching, scientific research and service, and passed the national education evaluation of architecture major of universities in 2018. In this paper, through the comprehensive combing and refining of the construction process of architecture major in Xiamen University of Technology, we explore an effective path and method for the construction of professional system of new architecture major in local colleges and universities, in order to provide ideas and reference for the development and construction of the discipline system of Architecture major in local universities.

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    • Exploration on the practical teaching system of civil engineering specialty facing to emerging engineering education

      ZHANG Xue, QI Yong-zheng, ZENG Wen-jie, CHEN San-bo

      The new and higher level requirements for the training of engineering talents in colleges and universities has been put forward according to the requirements of the construction of "emerging engineering education". The reform of practical teaching system has to be explore for the traditional civil engineering specialty in the situation. The practical teaching system of civil engineering specialty was explored focusing on the connotation of emerging engineering education and the training goal of civil engineering in this paper. Based on the analysis of the situation of practical teaching, all kinds of experimental courses and practical training of the specialty were reorganized; the innovation concept of "emerging engineering education" was integrated; and a practical teaching system of civil engineering with "one main line, four platforms and three levels" was constructed. It is aimed to provide reference for the cultivation of innovative, cross and compound high-quality engineering and technical talents.

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    • The exploration and expansion of ideological and political origin in practical teaching of architecture specialty

      LIWEI

      Based on the experience of architecture major turning to application in shenyang university of technology, also with the curriculum of practice teaching reform, To explore the thought and method of ideological and political origin, put forward a new model of education that named the "1234..." which combines professional education with ideological and political education: Creating a real-time updated architectural practice teaching platform; Two ideological and political teaching lines should be established to promote social values from different historical time lines and multiple perspectives; Constructing "three time and space" ideological and political teaching environment; Promoting the orderly penetration of "four-in-one" teaching links, and ensure the full range of personnel involved in the course. After three years of practical experience, the teaching effect is remarkable, which can provide the foundation and construction direction for the ideological and political work of the relevant professional courses.

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    • The Construction of Learning Community of Civil Engineering University Students from the Perspective of New Engineering

      Wang Lu, Shen Yang, Liu Yun, Zhang Jie, Dingxiaoqing

      The new economic form of new technologies such as the Internet, artificial intelligence, and cloud computing has flourished, The construction of new engineering bring new opportunities and challenges to engineering education, and new demands for engineering and technology professional. As a traditional specialty, civil engineering is faced with problems such as incomplete knowledge of social development and industrial needs, and lack of interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary integration. Civil engineering education is urgently needed to be improved and upgraded. Carrying out student-centred education and taking the second classroom as the foothold, the School of Civil and Transportation of Hohai University realized the deep integration of teaching, system design and student learning community construction of two parallel one practice space containing online virtual space, offline shared space and practice situational experience space. On the basis of cultivating talents to acquire professional competence, it helped them to gain the characteristics of innovative practic, cross-border integration and diversified development ability. The strategy assists the transformation of new engineering disciplines (NEDs)from concept to action。

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    • Research on long-term operation construction mechanism of postgraduate workstation

      chenxuyong

      As an important form of university-enterprise cooperative cultivation and an important platform of Industry-Academy-Research Cooperation for postgraduates in China, graduate workstations are the best way to cultivate innovative and compound talents. At present, graduate workstations encounter many problems during their operation. Taking the highway intelligent maintenance innovation technology graduate workstation as the target analysis, the paper analyzes problems such as the separation of scientific research project from training plans, low motivation of cooperative cultivation and imperfect evaluation?mechanism, it also puts forward a series solutions pertinently from three aspects: joint formulation of menu-style projects through enterprise and universities; integrative construction of graduate workstation inside and outside campus; perfecting the evaluation mechanism. These solutions provide a guarantee for the long-term operation and the talent cultivation model of the graduate workstations, and make great significance to the improvement of postgraduate education quality,, the disciplines construction of universities and the innovative development of enterprises.

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    • Exploration on quality assurance of practice link of specialized postgraduates in the field of architecture and civil engineering– a case study of HVAC

      WANG Yong, XIAO yi-min, LIU Yong, LIU Fang

      In view of many problems in the cultivation of specialized postgraduates, the paper takes the key practical links in the cultivation process of specialized postgraduates in the field of Architecture Civil Engineering (specialties of HVAC ) as the research object, and puts forward the ideas of classified practical links. Based on the guidance of the Ministry of education and other relevant guidance departments on the training of specialized postgraduates, the paper establishes a system to strengthen the quality assurance of practice links, and puts forward the specific implementation methods of the quality assurance system based on the idea of training by specialties. And according to the specific practice cases of specialized postgraduates, the process analysis is carried out. Through the cultivation exploration of key links, it is expected to provide reference for the realization of the overall cultivation goal of specialized master in the field of Architecture civil engineering.

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    • Discussion on Talents Training Model of Network Universities in BRICS Countries

      GAO Chang-zheng, Tian Weili, LIU jiaqi

      By analyzing the two basic characteristics of the "BRIC National University" network and application type, starting from the dynamic talent cultivation ideas of "point-like basic cooperation, linear serial cooperation and surface deepening cooperation", the Ural College of North China University of Water Resources and Hydropower Architecture is an example to explore the talent training model of BRICS universities.Under the guidance of the “Belt and Road” concept, the architecture of Ural College should be based on the research of international architecture talent training model, and build a unique training program and modular curriculum around the development needs and trends of BRICS architecture talents.A new model of talent cultivation in the trinity of the system and the international joint teaching team.

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    • Research on ideological and political teaching of urban design course based on deep learning theory

      HE Shao-ying, JIANG Jia-wen

      Curriculum ideology and politics is an important focus for revitalizing our undergraduate education and improving talent training ability in the new era. The theory of deep learning, which focuses on immersing students in the context of knowledge and learning, and the realization of the intrinsic value of knowledge, has been widely used in the teaching research of the core literacy of disciplines. Based on the theory of deep learning, it was explored that, in the teaching of urban design series courses, how to integrate the inspiration and establishment of ideological and political elements with the original knowledge system in order to achieve all-round education. From the aspects of strengthening the guidance of teaching goals, expanding and rationally organizing teaching content, organizing the "immersive" teaching process, and improving the teaching evaluation system, a comprehensive and in-depth study of the full-chain teaching of urban design courses is conducted, and the next step of teaching exploration is proposed. Through the elaborate design of the full-chain of courses teaching, knowledge and experience between teachers and students is integrated and the interaction of scientific rationality and humanistic emotion is promoted, so that professional teaching and ideological and political education can be more naturally integrated and the professional learning of students is closely related to personal growth.

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    • Discussion on the Reform of Soil Mechanics Experiment Teaching and Assessment Model

      Liu Yong-jian

      Taking the reform of soil mechanics experiment teaching in Guangdong University of Technology as an example, the characteristics and teaching effects of the three experimental assessment models are compared and analyzed. The traditional teaching and assessment mode (the assessment mode I is based on the "normal performance + experimental report"), and the formation of the "one-size-fits-all" experimental report can’t achieve the expected teaching effect. The assessment mode II includes normal performance, experimental report experimental, examinations, and the distribution of experimental results and teaching effects have been significantly improved. The results show that the test of experiment can adjust the students' interest in practice, cultivate hands-on ability , and the impact of the operation test is particularly significant. The "guide-design-experiment-report" four-part experimental teaching process and the whole-test mode (the assessment mode III) are in line with the "student-centered, results-oriented" engineering education concept, which can achieve the desired experimental teaching effect. The research shows that progressive teaching methods can achieve better experimental teaching results.

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    • Analysis of several problems in structural dynamics

      PAN Dan-guang, LU Wen-yan

      To discuss several problems in the process of establishing and solving equations of motion in structural dynamics teaching. It mainly includes the difference of stiffness coefficients between dynamic and static mechanics as well as their relationship by the static condensation, the Fourier transformation condition from impulse response function to frequency response function and their effect on dynamic response, the frequency response function of the hysteretic damping system. The theory analysis and numerical results show that: (1) For the lumped-mass system with only translational degree of freedom, the stiffness in dynamics is the force required along DOF due to unit displacement at translational DOF and relaxation of rotational DOFs, and the stiffness coefficients obtained by the static condensation method and the unit displacement method are identical; (2) Whether a system with damping or not, the Fourier transformation relationship between the frequency response function and the impulse response function is accurate; the particular solution includes steady-state vibration and free adjoint vibration in the time domain, however, only the steady-state vibration in the frequency domain. Their difference is evident for the initial stage of vibration. The difference is more noticeable for small natural frequency. (3) For a system with hysteretic damping, the frequency response function of the negative frequency should be the conjugate function of that of the corresponding positive frequency.

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    • Research on the Cultivation of Civil Engineering Talents in Application-oriented Universities under BIM+ Industry-Education Integration

      LI Feiyan

      The arrival of BIM era proposes new requirements for the cultivation of civil engineering talents. This paper analyzes the importance of the industry-education integration in the talent cultivation in application-oriented universities, expounds the demand and current training situation of civil engineering talents in BIM era, puts forward the idea of talent cultivation based on the background of "deepening industry-education integration", "school-enterprise cooperation and cooperative education", and mainly discusses the measures of talent cultivation: improve the curriculum system with BIM capability as the core, develop BIM course resources, set up double-qualified teachers teams, encourage students to participate in student competitions and mass entrepreneurship and innovation projects, construct school-enterprise teaching practice bases and construct an industry-university-research cooperation project platform, etc., so as to provide reference for the cultivation of professional new technology talents.

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    • NLP-based text mining and analysis of engineering ethics education

      ZHONG BOTAO, PAN XING, JIAO LI, LUO HANBIN, SUN JUN

      Engineering ethics education is an indispensable part of higher engineering education reform. The research on engineering ethics education gets more attention forms researchers under the background of “New engineering”. Based on the processing of Natural language processing(NPL), with the support of SLatent Dirichlet Allocation(LDA)technology and metrological visualization tool, this article selected 212 research literatures collected in CNKI. Based on literature research overview, keywords frequency list, and documents co-citation network, this paper analyzed the research status, essential document, and hot topics in this domain based on the environment of machine learning . Besides, the problems that impeded the development of engineering ethics education were proposed. Finally, this paper proposed some suggestion to solve these problems in term of country, society and universities. This study provides an effective reference for promoting engineering ethics education in higher engineering education.

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    • A comparative study on the introduction courses of urban and rural planning undergraduate major in colleges and universities

      yaohongtao, zangliang

      Introduction to urban and rural planning is a basic course for students to understand the macro structure of the professional knowledge system, which plays an irreplaceable role in urban and rural planning education. As a young discipline, urban and rural planning is a typical multi-disciplinary integration major, and the introduction, development and practice of professional introduction courses are in the exploratory stage. Based on the relevant data of 29 urban and rural planning evaluation institutions, this paper analyzes the characteristics and practical effects of the professional introduction courses in the current urban and rural planning evaluation institutions, reviews and summarizes the academic theories of the professional introduction courses, and puts forward Suggestions for improvement of the content organization, class hours and follow-up links of the professional introduction courses. It is concluded that the introduction course of urban and rural planning in colleges

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    • Discussion and Analysis of the “Flipped Classroom” of Theoretical Mechanics Based on the Concept of MOOC

      YAN Lewei, LIANG Yingjing, CHEN Liujie, SUN Zuoyu

      The concept of MOOC and "flipped classroom" are one of the emphases of current education and teaching reformation in China. However, according to the existing practical experience, there are some theoretical and practical issues remain to be paid attention to and solved urgently in the implementation of MOOCs and "flipped classroom". The teaching concept of MOOC and "flip classroom" were discussed in depth combined with the teaching practice and research. A set of teaching theories on the "flip classroom" for theoretical mechanics course was established and applied to the teaching practice, which is beneficial to make a positive contribution to “deepening the reform of education teaching, as well as the quality of personnel training” in higher education of our country.

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    • Exploration of the coupling model between the innovation of civil engineering practice teaching and College Students' Structural Design Competition

      XIE Mingzhi, YANG Yongqing, JIA Hongyu, LI Lanping, ZHANG Ming, HUANG Shengqian

      Practical teaching is one of the important links in the training of civil engineering talents under the background of emerging engineering education, with new content and target requirements. This article actively explores the coupling of College Students' Structural Design Competition with practical teaching, and explores from the aspects of practical teaching goals, deepening of knowledge, innovation and creation, teamwork, comprehensive quality and ability training, etc., so as to improve students' analysis of problems and the use of professional knowledge to solve problems. As an important platform and effective carrier of practical teaching, the coupling of the Competition with practical teaching will further strengthens the education policy of “undergraduate education-oriented”, and provide ideas and inspiration for practical teaching reform, thereby improving the quality of talent training.

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    • Training system and experience of urban and rural planning major in American universities —— taking State University of New York at Albany as an example

      xia yongjiu

      Colleges and universities are important bases for training professional talents. The training system composed of training objectives and curriculum system not only determines the direction of talent training, but also has a profound impact on the quality of talent training. Taking the Department of Geography and Planning, Urban and Rural Planning of State University of New York at Albany as an example, this paper systematically analyzes its training system from the aspects of school-running level, training objectives, curriculum system and teaching management. From the aspects of training goal setting, knowledge system construction, thinking method training and professional ethics training, this paper summarizes its school-running experience.

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    • New model of joint training postgraduate based ontime and space

      ZHANG Yuxin, WANG Yi, Dong Fan, Li Mei

      With the implementation of the Outline of the National Innovation-Driven Development Strategy, how to train high-quality versatile talents in recent years has become an urgent issue for Chinese higher education. Postgraduate education, as the highest level of higher education, plays a crucial role in national talent training, and cooperative teaching has emerged as the times require. This paper first analyzed the differences between the theoretical and practical reality of studying inter-school joint training. Under the introduction of traditional and diverse joint training modes, a unique new mode of joint training is proposed, that is, joint training of postgraduate students based on space-time span, which focused on the introduction from the undergraduate to postgraduate stages, taking into account the problem of "universal ease" and the imbalance of resources between universities. The dual role of "undergraduate" to "postgraduate" and "postgraduate" to "postgraduate" emphasized the growth of students under the transfer of time and space. In addition, further thoughts were made on the status quo in inter-school cooperation.

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    • Practical exploration of virtual simulation experiment for the undergraduate students in Building Environment and Energy Application Engineering

      Li Junmei, Sun Yuying, Qiao Yaxin

      Taking the virtual simulation experiment of the ventilation system balance adjusting as an example, the application of virtual simulation experiment to the undergraduate experimental teaching in Building Environment and Energy Application Engineering is explored. The implementation results show that although the virtual simulation experiment can make up for the deficiencies in conventional experimental equipment, such as insufficient experiment instruments, experiment venues, teaching expenses, etc., and can enrich the experimental resources, it is low-cost, high efficiency, and strong scalability. There are still certain problems of this kind of experiment. Practical teaching and traditional experiment for the undergraduates should be considered for the virtual simulation experimental platform developing, experiment course content setting, process implementation and grade evaluation. In view of the shortcomings of virtual simulation experiments, virtual experiments and conventional experiments should complement each other, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the experimental teaching level and teaching effect.

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    • The training mode and practice of professional master's degree students majoring in built environment and energy based on the background of “Double First-Class” construction

      Gao Yafeng, Ding Yong, chenjinhua, Linan, Xushuang

      Cultivating first-class talents is an important connotation for constructing the first-class disciplines, but also a vital dimension for evaluating the outcomes of disciplines construction. Regarding the professional degree students, cultivating their innovation and hands-on abilities is a crucial role for university education under the new era. Taking the major of Architectural Environment and Energy in the School of Civil Engineering of Chongqing University as an example, this paper investigates the multiple training models for professional degree students, which integrate the international theoretical teaching mode with the innovative practical teaching mode of production, teaching and learning. Also, it explores the construction of international theoretical teaching system and multi-level practice platform, which aims at improving the innovation and hands-on ability of master degree graduates in Built Environment and Energy.

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    • Exploration of Teaching Practice for Architectural Design Based on Urban Function Repair Concept:Taking the Design of Second Grade Community Service Center as an Example

      Facing the current opportunities and challenges of architecture major education, Nanjing Tech University conducted the teaching reform on the curriculum design of the Second-Grade Architecture Community Service Center, and introduced new thinking dimensions and teaching links with the problem of “urban function repair” as the entry point. The teaching is focused on cultivating design values and design working methods and training students to establish independent design logic and research-based design thinking method. Combining the teaching reform practice, the content and methods of the curriculum practice are summarized, and a new means is explored to link the basic teaching and improvement teaching of design.

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    • Virtual Simulation Construction of Experimental Teaching Resources for Triple-Leveled Civil Engineering Curriculum System

      LI Jun, LI Xiaodong, CUI Yifei, ZHANG Peng, QU Chengping

      In order to strengthen the cultivation of students' professional interest, application and innovation ability and practical ability to solve complex engineering problems, the ideas of the construction and application of virtual simulation experimental teaching resources serving the triple-leveled professional curriculum system, namely the "core-direction-expansion" curriculum system of civil engineering are proposed. The three-level curriculum system has the characteristics of organically connecting theoretical teaching, practical teaching and engineering practice with experimental teaching. The course of "Comprehensive Experiment of Civil Engineering (including Virtual Simulation)" with the characteristics of " Virtual-Real Combination " is newly established, which contains the experimental teaching content urgently needed by civil engineering majors, and adapts to the new characteristics of college students' growth and new laws of education and teaching in the information age. Relying on the national-level experimental teaching demonstration center, the national-level virtual simulation experimental teaching project and a number of teaching research and teaching reform subjects, the virtual simulation experimental resource library serving the triple-leveled curriculum system is built with the "Golden Course" standard of virtual simulation, and the three-dimensional teaching resources are constructed combined with the virtual simulation projects,courses construction and teaching material construction.

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    • The teaching reform of architectural design course in the third grade of Shandong Jianzhu University based on the guidance of OBE concept ——Take "space regeneration" as an example

      chenlin

      Under the influence of OBE concept, Shandong Jianzhu University, based on the original intention of connecting with engineering education certification standard, has carried out the overall reorganization and framework of architectural design course, taking achievement oriented, student-centered and continuous improvement as the guiding ideology of curriculum reform.The third grade architectural design course played an important role in connecting the preceding and the following in the five-year architectural design study. Taking the "space regeneration" course assignment as an example, this paper specifically introduces how the third grade architectural design course responds from three aspects: curriculum setting, teaching process and curriculum improvement.

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    • Exploration on the Teaching Mode of concrete structure Design principle under the background of Engineering Education Certification

      MA JIAXING

      The implementation of engineering education professional certification has pointed out the way for our country to cope with the new round of scientific and technological revolution and further laid the foundation for the training of professional practical talents, which has important guiding significance. The principle course of concrete structure design is one of the important basic courses for civil engineering majors, but in the actual teaching process, there are some defects in our education, such as good teaching content and single form, less combination of new technology and less practical knowledge. Based on the concept and requirements of engineering education professional certification, this paper horizontally compares the teaching methods of concrete structure design principles courses in colleges and universities in China and Singapore, and further summarizes the experience, optimizes teaching methods, and puts forward teaching reform measures. improve the teaching quality of the course, in order to provide references for the curriculum reform of domestic colleges and universities.

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    • Study on the Cultivation of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Ability Based on

      daishiyu

      At present, the cultivation of innovation and innovation ability has become one of the main abilities of colleges and universities in the new era. The School of Electronics and Information Engineering of Suzhou University of Science and Technology has adopted the Student Research Training Center as an important platform for college students to promote innovation and entrepreneurship. Adopting a group and team cooperation model, carrying out capacity training centered on scientific research projects, and implementing a variety of innovative quality training methods and mechanisms to cultivate students "innovative awareness, stimulate students" entrepreneurial spirit, and fill the current extensive teaching mode. The gaps in the cultivation of student quality have played a role in promoting the improvement of university students" scientific research ability, innovation and entrepreneurship, and the development of scientific research in universities.

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    • Research on

      xujing

      Abstract: China is in a critical period of coordinating the rural vitalization strategy and the new urbanization strategy. It is essential for colleges to grasp the important tools to break the urban-rural dualism pattern, and explore the reconstruction and expansion of urban design in the interdisciplinary teaching system of small towns. Fujian normal university " urban design of small towns" course is committed to cultivating key competence. Starting from the three dimensions of cultural foundation, independent development and social participation, FGCPP curriculum teaching model focus on flip classroom, group discussion, classic reading, practice teaching and project driven. FGCPP provides reference and inspiration for revealing the characteristics of "Chinese design" more profoundly.

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    • Discussion on talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty in civil engineering category —A case study of Nanjing Tech University

      Chen Liping, Gong Yanfeng, Lu Qingsong, Cheng Jianjie, Zhou Bin

      The demands for enrollment and the modern development of building industry are analyzed for talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty. The capacities of high quality students of building environment and energy application engineering are investigated. The efficient ways to talent cultivation of building environment and energy application engineering specialty in civil engineering category are shown. Based on global major incidents, the ways are developed to enhance major self-identity by powerful broadcasting. The importance of teaching idea change from knowledge-transference to ability training and the necessary of the personnel training system including innovative technology such as big data are explained. The suggestions for solving knowledge link-up between courses by using internet instructional software are proposed. The effect of establishment of training system for innovation and entrepreneurship is discussed. The hierarchical training programs of solving Complex Engineering Problems in guiding graduation project are present.

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    • Study of graduation requirements achievement based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method —a case of civil engineering specialty

      WANG Yi, ZHU Kai

      Engineering education accreditation system is very significant for ensuring the quality of undergraduate engineering education. In addition, the evaluation of graduation requirements achievement is an important segment and core content of the system. Based on the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, a three-level evaluation system, including teaching procedure, supporting curriculum and graduation requirement index points, was constructed for evaluating graduation requirements achievement. A case of graduation requirement index points, named research capabilities, was conducted on the basis of civil engineering specialty in our school. According to the results, the graduation requirements achievement could be demonstrated, and the weak items during the three evaluating procedure could be found respectively. The feasibility and applicability of the evaluation system was proved and it makes preparations for the application of graduation requirements achievement by using the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation system.

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    • An Analysis of the Key Factors in the Cultivation of Postgraduates

      Wang Fei, wang congcong, YIN Shi-ping, Lv Henglin

      As a major target group for the cultivation of innovative talents, postgraduates" innovative ability influences the country"s future development prospects. In view of this, a questionnaire on the status of postgraduates" innovative ability and the key factors of cultivation of postgraduates" innovative ability is conducted. Analysis data shows that the key factors of cultivation of postgraduates" innovative ability are the tutors, self-condition and the environment of innovation. And related recommendations are proposed.

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    • Research on the teaching Reform of Construction Management Specialty Based on BIM in China

      lixingsu

      Under the background of the rapid informationization development of building industry, the teaching reform of construction management specialty based on BIM should be reconstructed to meet the market objective demand for college graduate. Training of personnel of construction management specialty should develop towards the direction of comprehensive ability based on data and information with BIM as the core. Based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), the paper analyzes the factors affecting the teaching reform of construction management specialty based on BIM, and puts forward suggestions.

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    • Analysis of the Training Objectives and Knowledge System for Engineering Management Majors in Undergraduate and Master Levels

      Jiyong Ding, Zhuofu Wang, Chenhao Jin

      Engineering Management is currently used as the official major name for both undergraduate and master programs in China. For people in both academia and industry, it is of great significance whether the professional connotations, training objectives and professional knowledge systems of the two levels’ education should be the same. On the basis of analyzing the connotation of engineering management, the training objectives and knowledge system of engineering management professionals in China and abroad, the authors of this paper suggested that the official name of undergraduate engineering management should be changed to “Construction Project Management”. It is suggested that the relevant knowledge of construction engineering transaction theory and project governance theory should be appropriately increased in the undergraduate program to meet major’s connotation. This paper also suggested that the training mode and the knowledge system for the Master of Engineering Management (MEM) degree program should be adjusted based on the needs of high-level talents in R&D project management and technical management for engineering/technical companies.

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    • Practice and Analysis of "MOOC+ Flipped Classroom" Mode in Theoretical Mechanics Teaching

      YAN Lewei, LIANG Yingjing, CHEN Liujie, SUN Zuoyu

      The trend of flipped class" mode in college teaching are discussed in this paper, based on the in-depth analysis. Their position as teaching method and mode are also clarified. In particular, although the subjectivity of students in the teaching process is emphasized in teaching mode, the dominance of teachers in the whole teaching process is not denied. The successful practice of "MOOC+ flipped classroom" teaching model in theoretical mechanics course of Guangzhou university shows that the willingness to learn independently has a very important influence on the teaching effect of this model. The difference of learning effect before class and the knowledge base are the biggest difficulty to implement this teaching model. The master and control of the teaching process is the fundamental guarantee for the effectiveness of the "MOOC+ flipped classroom" teaching mode.

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    • Practice and investigation on the heat transfer teaching for students of building environment and energy application engineering based on cultivation of scientific innovation ability

      WANG Yu, ZHANG Shujuan, TAN Meilan, LIU Jinxiang, ZHOU Bin, LI Wei

      The heat transfer course is one of the professional basic courses in the subject of building environment and energy application engineering. With the promotion of new engineering construction, the heat transfer course will undertake the task of training innovative talents, which are consistent with the current undergraduate scientific innovation ability training system. In the teaching process of heat transfer course in Nanjing Tech University, a "five-question introspect report" system is introduced to encourage students to apply their knowledge to undergraduate scientific innovation training programs. Meanwhile, the cases in the former challenging cups and "internet plus" innovation and entrepreneurship competition are introduced to explain the basic principles of heat transfer, as well as the discussion on scientific innovation projects. This practice provides a reference for the improvement of teaching quality in heat transfer course and the cultivation of innovative ability of undergraduate students in this subject.

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    • The construction of course quality ecosystem from the perspective of teaching life cycle

      MA LE

      This paper creates a course quality ecosystem based on the teaching life cycle life cycle. The responsibilities of the common teaching and learning community throughout the course life cycle are also been clearly specified. Quality assurance services are implemented on each phase of the life cycle, including the course initiation, quality planning, quality assurance, quality control, and course conclusion as quality-oriented. In the course initiation phase, the course requirements are elaborated and defined based on the course planning process of the University of Miami. The Bloom's taxonomy of the educational objectives is employed to identify the course objectives, based on which the process of teaching and learning are evaluated and the course quality plan is developed. As the course quality assurance, the value chain analysis is adopted to interpret the appreciation and depreciation of teaching activities and evaluate the contribution of these activities to teaching value. In the course quality control phase, diversified assessment methods and practice strategies are developed, and importance is attached to the students' learning process through the two types of formative assessment—assessment for learning and assessment as learning. At the course conclusion phase, multi-channel feedbacks are adopted, such as teacher-teacher, teacher-student, and third-party feedbacks. In addition, the responsibilities of the common teaching community throughout the course life cycle are also been clearly specified. In addition, taking learning engagement as an important factor to measure the effectiveness of the course quality ecosystem, data analysis shows that students have a high degree of recognition in terms of course satisfaction and learning performance.

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    • Exploration and practice of full-English blended teaching in fundamental principles of reinforced concrete

      CHI Yin, XU Lihua, LIU Sumei

      According to the 《Implementation plan of Ministry of education on the construction of first-class undergraduate courses》, the "Double 10000 Plan" for the construction of first-class courses includes online, offline, online and offline hybrid, virtual simulation and social practice courses with high level, innovation and challenge. Based on the national excellent resource sharing course "concrete structure and masonry structure design" of Wuhan University, this article discusses the solutions to the outstanding problems in the course "principle of concrete structure design" that is fully delivered by English. The MOOC courses were established and the full-English online and offline blended teaching methods were explored in practice, which provide guarantee for improving the full-English teaching quality of civil engineering courses.

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    • Reform to practical teaching of surveying and mapping engineering specialty in application oriented transformation of local universities

      LIN Nan, ZHANG Wen-chun, LI Wei-dong, LIU Yong-ji

      Practical teaching is the main carrier of training applied talents. It is necessary to study its design because it will directly affect the quality of talent training. In this paper, the problems existing in the transformation and development of local undergraduate universities were analyzed and discussed, for example the practical teaching was subordinated to the theory teaching, the practical teaching was not concentrated, and the time of students practice training and participation in engineering practice was lacked. Combined with the standards of engineering education certification, the practical teaching system throughout 8 semesters and 4 academic years was constructed, with students practical ability as the core and ability increment as the goal. The dominant position of practical teaching was effectively guaranteed through the reform of talent training mode, the construction of dual-teacher faculty, the innovation of school-enterprise cooperation mechanism and the evaluation of goal achievement. The research results can accelerate the integration between the goal of training applied talents and the construction of curriculum system, and comprehensively improve the economic and social development of the professional service region, which is a beneficial attempt to reform the practical teaching mode of surveying and mapping engineering.

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    • Primary investigation of the visualized teaching about the course ‘Seepage Theory and Test’ for postgraduates

      Liu Xianshan, Xu Ming

      The seepage problems are common in hydraulic engineering, geotechnical engineering, oil and gas engineering, related specialized course have attracted more attention by many universities, the ‘Seepage Theory and Test’ is opened for postgraduates in Chongqing University majored in geotechnical engineering. Aimed to the prominent teaching problems in the classroom, the basic seepage knowledge is improved for the students and also the visualized teaching mode is discussed in detail. In addition, different software technologies are used for visualized presentation from different points of view, describing the seepage concepts, laws, models and calculation methods, and the classroom presentation considering research projects give students deep understanding the seepage implications and the ability to implement the case analysis by themselves. The teaching practice show that above teaching mode based on software visualization can improve the studying activity of the postgraduates and stimulate their creative thinking and corresponding ability.

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    • Practice teaching exploration on embankment engineering course design based on scientific research resources

      Kong Gangqiang, Liu Hanlong, Shen Yang, Wen Lei, Min Fanlu

      Embankment engineering and its course design are one of the most important compulsory courses for undergraduate majors, such as, transportation engineering and civil engineering, etc. The practical teaching system exploring is an essential way for the development of the new engineering project and the "first-class disciplines". Firstly, the teaching status and the main problems of the embankment engineering course design in Hohai University were pointed out. Secondly, based on the scientific research resources of the Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Geomechanis and Embankment Engineering and the country key subject of geotechnical engineering, the teaching plan on "scientific research-experiment-teaching-engineering" was developed, and the practical teaching mode of embankment engineering course design was refined. Finally, the specific and detailed methods of embankment engineering course design in practice teaching were preliminarily explored. The objectives of this research is to improve the cognition and understand of embankment engineering for students in undergraduate majors, and further to improve their professional comprehensive skills and innovation ability.

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    • The Conception and Adjustment of Harbin Institute of Technology's Landscape Architecture Undergraduate Specialized Course System in the New Engineering Background

      Liu Yang, Zhao Xiaolong, Wu Songtao

      The goal of “New Engineering Education” is to cultivate high-quality and compound talents with engineering practice innovation capabilities. Landscape architecture professional service national ecological civilization strategy and human settlement environment construction, needs to face challenges and lead the future development of planning and design industry. Landscape Architecture in Harbin Institute of Technology is based in engineering, supported by the first-level subject group of the School of Architecture. In the new round of undergraduate training program adjustment, HIT-LA actively adapts to dramatic changes in the external environment, Rethinking the core values of the profession, clarify undergraduate teaching orientation and talent training ideas, highlight the core clues of professional teaching, continuously optimize the curriculum system with its own characteristics, and explore undergraduate teaching pathways based on the “Excellent Landscape Architect”.

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    • Exploration and application of the new achievements in the infrastructure construction field of China to the politic-ideological education

      Wang Licheng, DONG Wei

      The new achievements in the field of infrastructure construction of China and and the experiences of teachers and fellow students (currently studying in the campus or already graduated) are used as media to explore the new teaching pattern for politic-ideological education in the course of “Reinforced Concrete Structures”. The contents of each chapter and section have been specially planned and designed to include these media in terms of the professional knowledge, and then the media database and case set are built up. The politic-ideological education for the students is successfully and naturally integrated into the course teaching process.

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    • Exploration of “intelligent structures” mini-curriculums for multidisciplinary training for civil engineering students

      fang cheng, wang wei, yang xinyue

      In order to actively meet the demands of diversified development of the engineering industry, and to cater to the national “Made in China 2025”, “Industry 4.0” and other strategic plans, this paper deeply explores the civil engineering “intelligent structures” mini-curriculum training modes and explains the urgency and necessity of the implementation of such courses. The mini-curriculum is developed based on the “common basis and personality training” framework proposed by Tongji University. The teaching reform should be carried out with the objectives of internationalization and diversification, and to build the multi-disciplinary cross-training curriculum system, teaching methods and curriculum assessment system. This study forms the basis of the new model and new method for the establishment of the knowledge system for the intelligent structure mini-curriculum.

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    • Exploration and practice of Teaching Method for Gardening History of China based on“illustration”

      XIA Yu, CHEN Chongxian

      Theory and history of landscape architecture course is an important fundamental and bases for the program curriculum system. With the new turn changing of curriculum system for the education, this paper explores the renovation of theory and history of landscape architecture course based on the“illustration”, and proposes a teaching framework with three different objectives of “knowledge and technology”,“procedure and method”and “passion and value”.This study aims to help student understanding of relationship between time and space in traditional Chinese garden, developing a holistic map for the history of Chinese garden, exploring the contemporary meaning of history for modern landscape design and developing the valuable traditional cultural. It may also finally benefit on students to have a positive outlook on the life and world, which further improving them to bridge the gap between theory and practice, transformation of knowledge into wisdom.

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    • Cultivating Interdisciplinary Talents to Serve Cross-Disciplines——A case of Compound Talent Training in “Planning-Ecology”

      Zhou Hongxuan, Sun Jing, Chang Jiang

      Over the years, we have been focusing on teaching and research practices such as ecological restoration in mining areas and ecological restoration in coal mining collapse areas. While achieving gratifying results, we also deeply realized the need for ecological knowledge and inter-disciplinary talents in urban and rural planning. Based on this, the idea of "Planning-Ecology" compound talent cultivation for graduate education reform has gradually come into being. Creating ecology course groups, establishing the interdisciplinary planning plus ecological curriculum module, and introducing various of teaching methods to organize and implement teaching practices; meanwhile using the method of research feeding teaching to bring student to scientific projects, with the way of simulation and practice to devote them into researches to learn professional courses and technologies. Based on this, and constantly expand international education resources, and realize urban and rural problem oriented, by means of ecology theory and method of the interdisciplinary talents training mode, achieve the purpose of the compound talents cultivation.

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    • Cultivation of innovative and entrepreneurial talents with building environment and energy engineering specialty under the background of engineering education accreditation

      WuXiaoZhou, WangshuGang, wangjihong, lixiangli, wanghaichao

      In order to adapt to the new round of scientific and technological revolution and the new trend of industrial reform, professional construction in accordance with the standards of engineering education accreditation is an inevitable trend in the development of engineering education in China. As a specialty of the building environment and energy and application engineering with distinctive industry characteristics, it is responsible for providing high-quality innovative talents in the field of energy and environment, and should take the opportunity of passing engineering education accreditation to deepen professional education reform. Taking students as the center, build a quality model of innovative entrepreneurial talents, establish a multi-level, modular innovation education curriculum system, pay attention to the cultivation of students' innovative consciousness, strengthen the shaping of entrepreneurial abilities in the practice process, and integrate and innovate throughout the entire course ideas and professional knowledge. The proposed model of innovative and entrepreneurial talents and the training curriculum system under the background of engineering education certification are of great significance for the cultivation of high-quality composite talents that meet the international engineering education certification standards and the requirements of the new era.

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    • Study on BIM Teaching Curriculum System Reform in Construction Management- A Case Study in China University of Geosciences

      Guo Shengyu, Zichen Zhang, Peisong Gong, Liulin Kong, Zhonglei Feng

      In the current context, the sharp conflictions exist between the supply and demand of BIM technical talents, and the talents-training mode of construction management at colleges and universities lags behind the development of construction industry. Therefore, the reform of BIM teaching curriculum system is explored in China University of Geosciences and a hybrid teaching method of integrating practice into theory is adopted by four steps. Firstly, the goal is identified by considering the current teaching system. Secondly, the classes of practice teaching are developed. Thirdly, the mechanism of out-of-class activities for students is built and the knowledge and skill training for teachers is constructed. Finally, the studio for BIM is set up. The core of the whole implementation is the cooperation between the school and companies that related to BIM. The results provide ideas and methods that have theoretical and practical significance for the reform of BIM teaching curriculum system in China.

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    • Experimental on Spatial Cognition Teaching of Architectural Students Under VR Technology

      maochao, jinguilin, songxiaoyu

      As the key and difficult point of architectural design teaching, spatial cognition has been paid more and more attention by domestic and foreign universities. Virtual reality (VR) technology can generate 3D dynamic vision to provide users with a 1:1 virtual immersion experience. For architectural students, VR technology brings a new design perspective. In order to prove that VR has a positive effect on students' spatial cognition, this paper conducts teaching experiments on VR and several traditional architectural design methods, and conducts questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews at different stages. The research results show that under the VR design mode, students have more accurate control over spatial size and proportion, and their ability to understand spatial cognition and design has been significantly improved. At the same time, it also provides certain practical value for the application of VR technology in the field of architectural design teaching.

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    • Diversified Practice Teaching Methods on Energy and Power Engineering under the Background of Excellent Engineers

      Shi Weixiu

      The differences between diversified practice teaching methods and the regular teaching mode are discussed in the paper. In view of the shortcomings of the current traditional teaching mode in the cultivation of innovative professional talents, the two courses of《thermal equipment principle》and《heat exchanger principle and design》are taken as examples based on the energy and power engineering. Diversified practice should be strengthen during the course teaching process, including multimedia courseware design, engineering case analysis, off-campus engineers entering the classroom, experiment, actual engineering design and practice on project site. The teaching content allows students to carry out in-depth and comprehensive learning from basic knowledge, case application, experimental phenomena and results analysis, engineering field practice, etc. Diversified practice can improve students' interest in learning and comprehensive practical ability, and also cultivate outstanding engineers who can meet the needs of society.

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    • Construction of training program of urban underground space engineering specialty under the background of engineering education certification

      YANJian

      The Southwest Jiaotong University is a "double world-class" university with clear-cut industrial characteristics, as the earliest founded one of underground engineering related majors in colleges and universities. For constructing the cultivation scheme for urban underground space engineering specialty,?we deeply consider the training objectives, curriculum system construction and continuous improvement of talent training programs in practice, under the background of engineering education certification initiated by Washington agreement .Based on the concepts of engineering education certification, outcome based education,the talent training objectives for the needs of the development of national urban rail transit industry and double world-class construction of university were defined and refined , meanwhile, the graduation requirements and construct the realization matrix of the training objectives were quantified. The general framework of the curriculum system was established, and the curriculum module and realization matrix were determined through corresponding index points of graduation requirements under the mapping of standards, characteristics and capability structure.The the core of practical ability training cultivation is highlighted , and the cultivation approach of scientific research and innovation ability is expanded,through the optimization of the combination of major courses and the integration of diversified courses.

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    • Methods for Innovation Ability and Research Confidence of Postgraduates in Civil Engineering

      Guo Zeng-wei, Zhou Jian-ting

      The new situation of national strategies in new era, Emerging Engineering Education reform of China’s higher education and international certification of engineering education raise new requirements for postgraduate cultivation in traditional engineering. It becomes urgent to consider how to cultivate qualified future engineers with high moral standards. The current main contradiction in postgraduate education becomes to the conflict between expansion of graduate recruitments and promotion of engineering training objective. The present paper analyze the critical problems in postgraduate education of civil engineering. The approaches to emerging engineering education are also been discussed in terms of teaching method, mentoring mode, and seminar organization pattern.

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    • Application of Practice Theory to Knowledge and Practice of Technical Majors- Take Architecture as an Example

      Li Ting-ting, Liu-dongjiang

      The Theory of Practice is a philosophy that has been proved repeatedly by extremely successful practice, and its basic ideas are widely applicable to the process of practical activities. Technical majors have a variety of practical teaching process, is a common basic activity in students"cognition, students realize the leap from perceptual to rational knowledge through practical training; students use the knowledge they have learned to counter-practice in society after graduation, to complete the second leap in cognition. At the same time, the theory of practice has a good guiding significance for solving some problems and troubles in study and work.

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    • Teaching mode innovation and construction of General Education Golden Courses of engineering on the overall strategic layout of education process

      Yan Liang, Maolin Tang, Wei He

      The construction of Golden Courses is an important factor quality and guarantee of higher education overall construction. It is urgent to innovate from education idea, training program, curriculum setting, teaching mode etc. General courses are the vital roles in higher education to cultivate students’ overall quality such as humanistic literacy, moral sentiment, social responsibility. Based on the characteristics of different majors’ general courses, combined with the Golden Course construction, if the teaching effect of general education courses on civil engineering is improved, the limit of traditional teaching mode based on major courses should be broken and the unalloyed “teaching” on “teacher center” should transform into “learning” on “student center”. In order to response the national construction on “Double First-Class” university and “Golden Courses” and try to transfer students’ attention on mobile phone into the classes, the author focus on the innovation of teaching mode, relate the present hotpots on social environment, and take advantage of every possible measurement such as entity mode, engineer practice, mobile network, social platform, network video, traditional excellent teaching methods etc. As an example of civil general education course “Bridge Aesthetics”, the author gropes a feasible method to set a serial of “Golden Courses” which can be referred by peers.

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    • Teaching Reform of Plastic Mechanics Course Based on Engineering Application Talents Training in New Media Age

      ZHANG Zhi-guo, FANG Lei, YE Qian-yuan, CHEN You-liang

      civil engineering. The main body of the course is the law of stress and strain changes when the object is plastically deformed. If you rely solely on textbooks, the course content is complex and the formulas are numerous, which inevitably makes people feel obscure. In view of the significance and problems of the "plastic mechanics" course, this paper carries out the curriculum teaching reform oriented by engineering application-oriented talents in order to stimulate students" interest in learning and combine with the new era and new media platform. Taking the teaching situation of Shanghai University of Technology as an example, the specific reform measures include: (1) Establishing an online classroom through the WeChat public account, increasing the interaction between teachers and students, and optimizing the teaching content in the form of online course production. (2) Adding examples teaching in civil engineering through new media tools based on the combination of theory and practice.(3) Combining the design tools commonly used in the current civil engineering direction with traditional teaching, and presenting them to students through multimedia teaching. (4) Establish a school-enterprise cooperation model, network training for enterprise technicians, and virtual platform simulation training. (5) Requiring graduate students to combine their research directions, reviewing recent literature related to plastic mechanics and make reports, and reporting PPT in class.

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    • Practice and Tips in English Teaching for Core Courses in Civil Engineering

      LIU Lin, YANG Na

      It is of great significance to carry out English teaching for core curricula in civil engineering in a bid to cultivate high-quality professionals adapting to the trend of globalization. The course of Concrete Structure Design Fundamentals possesses the characteristics of science, engineering and practice, and is representative in teaching. This course was chosen to demonstrate the bilingual teaching practice for MAO Yisheng Class and English teaching practice for overseas students in Beijing Jiaotong University. In compliance with the basic requirements of engineering education certification, the teaching notion, content, means, methods, course project and grading policy were reformed, aiming at strengthening English thinking and application of two groups of students with distinct traits. Practice shows that the pilot courses have worked well; English course project and online platform for communication between teachers and students, based on information-assisted teaching means, can stimulate students" learning initiative, deepen their understanding of knowledge, and effectively improve their English application ability. Finally, suggestions for the sustainable improvement of the courses were summarized.

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    • A Comparative Study of Undergraduate Curriculum Systemof Civil Engineering Major at Home and Abroad

      LIU Lin, YANG Na, ZHANG Hongru

      The comparative study on the curriculum system of civil engineering specialty at home and abroad is of great reference value for the adjustment and optimization of the existing curriculum. Three famous civil engineering schools, namely Tongji University, University of Illinois and Imperial College London, were selected as the research objects, and the curriculum system of civil engineering major in our university was compared. Comparative analysis includes cultivation objectives, course setting, basic credit requirements, course structure, composition and proportion of specialized courses, core courses and so on. The research shows that the cultivation goal of Imperial College London is more specific to reflect the graduation requirements of students" abilities, which is worth learning from. Compared with foreign universities, civil engineering majors in domestic universities require more total credits and more courses. On the premise of meeting the requirements of Engineering Education Certification Standard, it is the key points of the course setting adjustment and course construction of our university to properly reduce the total credit requirement, brief the course scale, adjust the course structure, strengthen the construction of the core professional courses, and incorporate some postgraduate courses into the curriculum system.

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    • Construction and teaching practice of building material course

      Han Junnan, Zhang Tingting

      Driven by global information technology and educational informationization, Mooc has became the key development direction of education. In order to improve the public service level, promote education equity and curriculum teaching reform, the Ministry of Education of China "Opinions on accelerating the construction of high-level undergraduate education and comprehensively improving talent cultivation ability" pointed out that it needed to vigorously promote Mooc and virtual simulation experiments, and vigorously promote and develop high-quality Mooc. Taking lesson in Building Materials for Construction as an example, this paper had discussed the high quality of course resources construction from three aspects in terms of basic situation and characteristics of building materials course, building materials for class curriculum resources construction and building materials for class teaching design and effect. The experience of course content, teaching resources, teaching mode and the precious experience of online appraisal aspect were taken in this exploration, which laid the foundation practices for the future construction materials and other subjects classes.

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    • Preliminary Investigation on Integrating of Triz Theory into Innovation Capacity Training of Civil Engineering

      WU Rui, JIA Chuanguo, TANG Xianlong, GAN Min

      Aiming at the problems such as strong professional of TRIZ theory and low relevance many TRIZ case studies to civil engineering, this paper conducted preliminary investigation on integrating TRIZ theory into innovation capacity training of civil engineering. In this paper, the necessity and importance of improving innovation capacity of civil engineering students were investigated, regarding current situation of innovation capacity enhancement and development trends of civil engineering. Some proposals to integrate TRIZ theory and civil engineering were presented, in terms of stylization, specialization and simplification of TRIZ theory.

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    • Application of engineering case and virtual experiments in teaching of seismic design of building structures

      ZHOU Xiao-long, LIU Zhang-jun, LU Hai-lin, LIU Sheng-bing

      Seismic design of building structures is a major course of civil engineering. Based on the course have the characteristics of numerous contents, deep theory, abstract conception, bad effect on traditional teaching mode, a teaching reform thinking of engineering case and virtual experiments was proposed. The present condition and problems of seismic design of buildings are analyzed in this paper; and the modes and characteristics of “engineering case -virtual experiments” teaching model are summarized; then the teaching reform strategy and curriculum teaching content setting are stated; at last, take reaction spectrum theory as an example, the practice process of teaching model are introduced in detail. The “engineering case and virtual experiments” teaching model take basic theory and method of seismic design as the main thread, and the teaching cases are carefully designed; the virtual simulation is integrated into the case teaching. In this teaching model, the visualization of a real seismic engineering situation can help students submitting, analyzing and solving problems. Meanwhile, the teaching model emphasize heuristic teaching, the students’ interest is stimulated, and the understanding of basic concept and principle of seismic is deepened. By using the teaching model, the comprehensive ability of students to outputs are strengthened.

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    • Discussion on Teaching Reform of Undergraduate Research Graduation Design for Architecture Majors:Taking the “Reconstruction Design of Historical Buildings” as an Example of Architecture Design of Hunan University

      ZHANG Wei, YANG Yuhuan

      The graduation design topic of architecture is generally based on modern engineering examples. However, in recent years, the topic of research and exploration of the topic of graduation design has also been tried in various colleges and universities. This article takes the subject of the “Reconstruction of Historical Buildings Virtual Restoration and Renovation Design” of Hunan University Architecture in 2019 as an example. It introduces the whole process of teaching and design, including the arrangement of time and the focus of training, and fully respect the wishes and preferences of students in the topic selection, emphasizing research-oriented design, trying to introduce virtual repair technology to carry out repair and renewal design, showing and analyzing some teaching achievements, trying to provide new ideas for the teaching of architectural history through this graduation design practice.

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    • Course reform of civil engineering based on SC education concept:taking the seismic design course of building structure as an example

      Pan Yi, LIU Hao, LIN Yongjun, ZHOU Yi

      Top-ranking undergraduate education is the foundation of top-ranking universities. It is necessary to reform the teaching of civil engineering courses to meet the needs of training civil engineering composite talents, change the traditional “teacher-centered” teaching mode and explore a teaching mode of “student-centered”. Taking the seismic design course of building structure as an example, this paper carries out teaching reform that focused on the shortcomings of the current teaching and combined with the characteristics of the course such as more content, fewer class hours and greater teaching difficulty from teaching contents, teaching methods, practice links and evaluation system, based on the “Student-Centered” teaching concept. First, adjust the teaching mode and teaching methods, encourage and guide students to learn independently after class to solve the problem of less class but more content. Second, use a variety of means to assist teaching to stimulate students" interest in learning. Third, pay attention to practical teaching and enhance students" comprehensive application ability and innovative practice ability. Fourth, perfect the teaching evaluation system, introduce the process index into the evaluation system, and evaluate the teaching work at the same time to form a benign interaction between teachers and students. According to the comparison of teaching effects before and after the teaching reform, the analysis results show that the reform measures based on SC not only fully mobilize students" learning enthusiasm, enhance their autonomous learning ability, improve students" learning achievement, but also promote teachers" teaching level and training quality. The teaching reform has achieved good teaching results, hoping to be helpful to the curriculum reform of other civil engineering majors.

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    • Trends of virtual simulation experiment in civil engineering under background of “golden class”——based on the public data of 2018 national virtual simulation experiment teaching project sharing platform

      Weijie Xu, Ming Xu, Zhouhong Zong, Tong Guo, Yan Liu

      Large-scale civil engineering teaching experiment is limited by equipment, site, funds and other aspects for the high cost, long cycle and great danger, though civil engineering is a practical course. With the continuous progress of computer simulation technology, the virtual simulation method of civil engineering based on numerical simulation is playing an increasingly important role in the application of engineering practice and scientific research of this discipline. The virtual simulation experiment makes up for the shortcomings of classroom teaching and physical experiment, and becomes a special civil engineering specialty. The national virtual simulation experiment teaching project is a collection of the most advanced virtual simulation teaching projects in China, which represents the development direction of virtual simulation teaching and has a very high guiding significance. Based on the publicity data of the national virtual simulation experiment teaching project sharing platform in 2018, this paper classifies the schools, leaders and project types of the civil virtual simulation project, analyses the characteristics of the virtual simulation project in the publication, points out the development trend of the civil virtual simulation teaching project, and provides the reference for the construction of teaching projects in the future.

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    • The exploration and practice on the quality standard of blended "golden course"

      wanhongyu

      Before the construction of "golden course", the quality standard that conforms to the characteristics of "High order, innovativeness and challenge " should be formulated to ensure the implementation of the course construction. The course named Design Principle of Steel Structure was proposed to be constructed as a blended golden course. Six influencing factors, such as college orientation, social demand, specialty characteristics, course attributes, teaching team and student characteristics, were comprehensive considered, and the characteristics of "High order, innovativeness and challenge " were personalized deconstructed and refined to formulate the course quality standard combined with "generality" and "individuality".

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    • Architectural Design and Teaching Practices of Military Fitness Training Gym

      Li Zhen

      The construction of all-weather training spaces, particularly military fitness training gyms, are in urgent demand along with the increase of military training items and intensity. However, few studies and teaching activities have been carried out to explore the functional components and spatial patterns of the buildings that serve military fitness training purposes. The military fitness training gyms share similarities to their civil fitness counterparts on one hand and serve military purposes on the other. It is therefore crucial to identify the goals, contents, and focuses of the architectural design and teaching practices of the military fitness training gyms. In light of the multi-dimensional spatial structures and the special requirements for architectural skills, students should be trained to re-arrange the space multi-dimensionally, master the structural concepts of buildings and model the architectural patterns. Taking the requirements of a particular indoor military fitness training item as an example, this paper analyses the design of the indoor shooting training center, the swimming training center and the comprehensive training center, draw the basic requirements related to the spatial scale and quality, architectural structure, and equipment for military training, define the teaching contents, and summarize teaching experience from practices, thus providing theoretical reference for the architectural design and teaching practices of the military fitness training gyms.

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    • Exploration and Practice of Industry Associations Participating in the Training of Applied Talents in Local Undergraduate Universities

      YU Yang, JIANG Hui, LI Liang, ZHU Jiong, ZHANG Zhen

      Local undergraduate colleges and universities bear the important responsibility of training applied talents for regional development, which is directly related to the interests of local governments, industry enterprises and universities themselves. As an important third-party organization in society, trade associations use their resource advantages to build a bridge of cooperation between the government, universities and enterprises, deepen multi-party cooperation, innovate the training mode of applied talents, and constantly reform and improve in exploration and practice, so as to promote the training ability of Applied Talents in local undergraduate colleges and universities, technological innovation of industry enterprises, talent reserve and reasonable government policies and regulations. Make it a win-win situation for all parties.

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    • Cultivation Mode of Civil Engineering Application-oriented Talents Based on P-KTS-D Model

      Dai Bihui, Liu Dewen, Liao Wenyuan, Han Li

      For most engineering majors, it is an urgent problem to be solved to cultivate the application-oriented talents needed by the society during the undergraduate level in higher engineering education. There are many problems in the current cultivation mode, such as focus on theory but ignore practice, focus on principle but ignore design, focus on civil engineering but ignore related and adjacent majors, focus on rational culture but ignore humanities education. In order to solve these problems, comparing and analyzing the differences of training mode between application-oriented talents and research talents and managerial talents, constructing the cultivation mode of civil engineering application-oriented talents based on P-KTS-D model from the perspective of the professional ability of engineers and technicians. In this way, it is possible to cultivate application-oriented talents who are both good at adapting to the industrial environment and specialized in professional ability.

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    • Reform and Practice of GIS Teaching for Improving Students

      Wang cheng fang

      Based on the thinking of the GIS (Geographic Information System) course teaching reform for urban and rural planning major in the era of big data, some teaching reform suggestions and measures were put forward with combining more than ten years of teaching practice. By the teaching reform exploration including introducing academic frontiers and research trends, collaborative teaching with design courses, teacher-student interactive teaching practice, innovative comprehensive test, etc., some teaching experience and teaching reform results were systematically sorted out. The teaching practice had shown that relevant teaching reform measures had a good effect on improving the innovation ability of students in urban planning disciplines and the cultivation of innovative compound talents.

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    • Internationalization Path of Talents Cultivating in Energy and Power Engineering under the Background of the Belt and Road

      SHI Weixiu, SUN Fangtian, WANG Ruixiang, YAN Quanying

      In view of the shortcomings of the current traditional talent cultivating mode in international talent cultivating, the differences among them in the background of the Belt and Road are discussed in the paper, basing on the energy and power engineering. And the internationalization path of talent cultivating is explored. This paper includes reform of training programs, construction of bilingual courses, improvement of teachers" teaching ability and internationalization and innovation and internationalization of students, which can improve students" interest in learning and comprehensive practical ability, enhance students" professional international quality and develop new international talents that meet the needs of society.

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    • Teaching Practice of Engineering Structure Design Principles Based on the Theory of the Cone of Learning

      Qin Wei Hong, Lu Jinyu, Wu Jing, Lv Qingfang, Tu Yongming, Feng Jian, Fan Shenggang, Cao Shuangqi

      This paper analyzes the teaching content and teaching status of the course of principles of engineering structural design. Teaching methods are designed and adjusted based on the characteristics of the cone of learning and the attention curve of the students. In the attention distraction period of the class time, the method of pop-up questions during teaching sections is adopted. The pop-up questions on the screen can arouse the excitement of the students and stimulate their learning enthusiasm and learning motivation. Students participation and learning interest are stimulated through the approaches such as "cosplay", programming for reinforcement, flow chart compiling. A preliminary attempt to "flipped classroom" was carried out, and some experience and conclusions were obtained.

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    • Research on the Teaching Practice of Architectural Design Based on the Characteristics of Campus Environment

      Ding Ding, Xue Xiaojie

      Taking the current undergraduate design basic course of Xi'an University of Technology as the research object, by combing the present and the problems in the current basic course of architectural design, combined with the teaching characteristics of the school, the experiential teaching method conforming to the cognitive rules of the lower grades of architecture is proposed. Based on the learning model, re-integrate the existing teaching framework, from campus space to environmental awareness, garden architecture to environmental understanding, garden renewal to environmental remodeling, micro-architecture to tea room design, four modules, forming Xi'an University of Technology Featured undergraduate architecture basic design curriculum system.

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    • Research on the course reform of Specialized English for Civil Engineering

      LU Zheng, LIN Jiali

      With the in-depth implementation of “The Belt and Road” strategy in the 21st century and the increasingly fierce international competition in the construction industry, the talent training modes of colleges and universities should places more emphasis on the country"s major needs or market orientation to export a group of talents of high-quality, international and composite. The international development of civil engineering has put forward new requirements for the cultivation of civil engineering talents in China. In order to strengthen the competitiveness in the international market, the study of specialized English in civil engineering has become not only an inevitable trend but also an effective choice for the education of civil engineering. By re-examining a series of problems in the current teaching of Specialized English for Civil Engineering course, and taking in-depth study of the teaching system, elaborate the practical strategies of the course reform of Specialized English for Civil Engineering from the aspects of teaching mode reform and teacher team construction, and put forward several suggestions for the course construction reform. 1. Extend the course periods and improve students’ attention; 2. Enrich the teaching content and optimize the teaching modes; 3. Strengthen the curriculum resources and teaching staff; 4. Form a continuously improved assessment mechanism.

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    • Summary and analysis of specific problems in BIM curriculum setting in Chinese universities

      MEI Shengqi, TANG Guang, YANG Bin

      The application of BIM technology has been widely concerned by the engineers, but there are obvious differences in how to set up BIM courses and how to teach in colleges and universities. First of all, by adopting the method of literature review, the current domestic BIM curriculum and teaching are reviewed from the perspectives of BIM curriculum setting goal, curriculum content and teaching methods, effect evaluation and curriculum issues. The present situation of the BIM curriculum and teaching were also analyzed. It found that despite many relevant literatures were published, but the specific review of BIM curriculum and the teaching method is not comprehensive. Compared with the existing research results abroad, it provides a new perspective and solution path for the existing problems in the BIM curriculum setting and teaching in China, and provides a new reference for the BIM education research in colleges and universities.

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    • Practice and exploration of teaching timber structure abroad in summer school

      HUANG Haoyu, YAO Zhenyu, CHANG Wen-Shao

      Timber structure in China is developing rapidly, but the gap in teaching timber structure at university is large between China and other countries. Chinese civil engineering students’ design and analysis capacities of timber structure should be improved. Various practice resources and studying experiences can be obtained to students under the advanced timber structure teaching system by collaborating with foreign universities and sending Chinese students abroad for summer school in the area of timber structures. This paper introduces the course content and teaching methods of the summer school in timber structure. The students’ feedback of the summer school shows that the effect of studying abroad is significant, e.g. students’ design ability got improved, students’ practice experience got increased and students’ academic English got enhanced. This paper discusses the English teaching, practice teaching and pre- post- teaching, and raised related improvement measures. It also explores the development of the future summer school in timber structure.

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    • Practice on the Construction of Open Online Course of Soil Mechanics of Hohai University under the Goleden Courses System

      Shen Yang, Wu Jiawei, Rui Xiaoxi

      Soil Mechanics is the core and main course of Civil Engineering. It has strong specialty, numerous, trivial knowledge points, and high flexibility in application. It has abstract concepts and many hypothetical conditions and idealization theory, which easily make students incomprehensible and difficult to use. Taking the online course of soil mechanics of Hohai University as an example, this paper expounds the significance and difficulties of the "Golden Course" construction of open online course under the construction standard of Higher order property, Innovation and Challenge. This paper lists the specific measures to promote the construction of "Golden Course", for example,reforming the curriculum system, adopting case teaching methods, integrate ideological and political education concepts, and combine with the form of flipped classroom to improve the teaching content, improve the vitality of the course, raise students" ability to solve problems and cultivate students" comprehensive quality. The effectiveness of these measures is confirmed by the statistical results of learning effects.

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    • Development of Practical Resources in MOOC Teaching for Basic Principles of Civil Engineering Construction

      huxiaoyi

      The emergence of MOOC (massive open online courses) is gradually changing the way college students learn. At the same time, it also provides them with more abundant learning resources. Based on the characteristics of the course Basic Principles of Civil Engineering Construction and the content of MOOC construction, this paper introduces the dynamic construction of practical resources in the MOOC construction of this course, which included videos of construction process, animation of construction technology, photographs of construction sites and engineering case study, etc. The process of setting up the engineering case base is mainly introduced. It also discusses how to use the internet to optimize the teaching process and improve the teaching efficiency, which has a certain reference value for the teaching reform in civil engineering courses.

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    • Investigation on integration of innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education and professional education in colleges and universities

      Zhang Zheng, Li Xue-ying, Pan Qin-feng, Wu Chen

      In recent years, it pays high attention to the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education in the colleges and universities in China, and continuously explores that how to promote the implementation of the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education in a more effective way. It’s an important approach to realize the goal of the higher education under the background of new engineering course by combining the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education with the professional education. Currently, it makes a great progress and accumulates a lot of experience in the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education, but there are also many problems existing. We explained the connotation of the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education and the professional education and the relationship between them, and emphatically analyzed the principle issues face by the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education and the professional education in this paper. In addition, we put forward the specific countermeasures in order to implement the innovation, entrepreneurship and creation education in the undergraduate colleges and universities better and provide reference for improving the creative idea, entrepreneurial practice and creative spirit comprehensively.

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    • Hybrid Teaching Design of Structural Mechanics Oriented to China Engineering Education Accreditation

      WANG Daquan, Chen Zhaohui

      China Engineering Education Accreditation (CEEA) is put forward under the background that engineering education in China is in line with international standards. Its concept of "student-centered, outcoming-based and continuously improving" education is of great significance to guiding modern engineering education and training engineers with both technical and non-technical abilities. According to the requirement of outcoming-based education (OBE), the structural mechanics course group of Civil Engineering College Chongqing University, started from the learner's cognitive rules of constructivism, analysed the content characteristics of structural mechanics course and its position in the curricula system, applied backward design method to design the hybrid teaching model, which includes teaching methods and tools such as lectures, SPOC-based learning, task-oriented teaching and conversational framework. At the same time, practical engineer projects is introduced into the teaching design to cultivate students' ability to solve "complex engineering problems", so as to achieve the teaching goals and meet the corresponding CEEA graduation requirements.

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    • Innovation and Practice of Teaching Mode of Architectural Mechanicswith the Deep Integration of Research, Engineering and Teaching

      chen zhaohui, Li Zhengliang

      How to adapt the teaching of professional basic courses to the requirements of engineering interdisciplinary, and to keep the balance between the personal professional development with the teaching works, are the difficult problems for the higher engineering education in China. By excavating the engineering science connotation of the architectural mechanics in the discipline of civil engineering, the teaching group of architectural mechanics in Chongqing University has established the teaching concept of "research-engineering-teaching", and explored the teaching group construction mechanism which is the "integrating engineering into mechanics and promoting teaching by research". To centered on the students" mechanical thinking and comprehensive application ability, the progressive teaching mode of comprehensive analysis and innovative ability of mechanics has been constructed. The way to coordinate the development of personnel training, teaching group and discipline development in university has been explored. It is hoped that these experiences will be beneficial to the teaching mode of basic courses and the construction of teaching team in other engineering disciplines.

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    • The enlightenment of Princeton University’s undergraduate personnel training model to the construction of world-class universities in China

      Ma Junmin

      Talent training is an important starting point in the construction of first-class universities in the world. Carrying out the core position of talent training and promoting the reform of talents training mode is the proper meaning of the construction of first-class universities. It is of great significance for the construction of world-class universities to explore the mode of undergraduate talents training in world-class universities. It is found that the successful experience of Princeton University in the fields of talent training goal, curriculum arrangement, talent training system, academic evaluation and so on has important enlightenment significance to the innovation of undergraduate talent training model in research-oriented universities of our country. It plays an important role in speeding up the construction of world-class universities in China.

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    • Research on curriculum construction of technology foundation of mechanical manufacturing under the background of “emerging engineering education”

      李聪波 林利红 汤宝平 江桂云LI Congbo, LIN lihong, TANG Baopin, JIANG Guiyun

      Based on the new model of talent cultivation in new engineering education, learning from MIT's new engineering talent thinking, the existing teaching content of technology foundation of mechanical manufacturing needs to be updated. Teaching methods are mainly subject to “teaching”. Engineering training in the teaching process, systematic practice teaching and practical assessment of course evaluation are lacked. So new ideas and cultivation objectives of technology foundation of mechanical manufacturing are put forward, a curriculum system integrating the theoretical teaching, experimental teaching and practical teaching is builded, and a student-centered approach to teaching method and curriculum assessment is constructed. Effective ways of curriculum construction are explored actively under the background of new engineering, quality of education and teaching is improved continuously, high-quality innovative talents are cultivated.

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    • Discussion on Training of Designing Ability for Architecture Based on “CPS + Learning Skills” Model

      Wang Keqi

      Due to the complexity and contradiction of the involved factors of architectural design, it makes differences for architectural education from pure engineers, pure sciences, pure liberal arts, fine arts, and so on. The undergraduate specialty education of architecture are required to pay attention to develop the students" designing ability, to the local universities with the basic goal of applied talents training, architecture designing ability is the core of architecture speciality training. During the process of training for designing ability, it could yield twice the result with half the effort using "Creative problem solving model" combined with "learning skills model", namely the teaching ideas and methods bases on "CPS + learning skills" model, creating a learning community situation, realizing the ideas of "active learning" "learning through doing" "autonomous learning"under the guide of teacher, guiding students to discover new knowledge independently.

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    • Reform of Construction Law Course Based on the Concepts of Professional Engineering Education Professional Certification

      Lu Zheng, Qiao Jing

      The Construction Law Course is a general-purpose course for undergraduates of the school of civil engineering. It aims to enable students to understand and master the current laws and regulations in civil engineering and to develop students" ability to use relevant knowledge to solve engineering problems. In 2016, China joined the "Washington Accord construction of the Construction Law Course is based on the "student-centered", "results-oriented" and "continuous improvement" as the core concept, paying attention not only to the mastery of students" theoretical knowledge, but also to the cultivation of students" abilities and the formation of personality, and eventually guides students to become high-quality compound talents that meet the needs of society.

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    • Deepens learning environment design of building construction with integration of teaching, learning and doing

      zhuang shao pang, wang jing, leng tian xiang

      Strengthening practice is an important orientation in higher education at present. The introduction of "doing" in the teaching of theoretical curriculums has been generally recognized by teachers. Building construction course is generally divided into two stages of basic learning and deepens learning. How to integrate innovative practice effectively in the deepening learning stage is an important problem of teaching reform. To establish a whole learning environment of integrating teaching, learning and doing, the problems of what to do and how to do it need to be solved. Teachers can reasonably arrange the thematic teaching content, cleverly use different pedagogics, to establish a learning environment of teaching follows doing, doing promotes learning and learning in practice, and adjust it flexibly according the actual situation. The thematic teaching can take some clues to lead the whole and extend knowledge learning to method mastery. The interactive teaching with good practice experience can effectively activate students’ learning enthusiasm, and the innovative practice can promote the absorption of the theoretical knowledge of building technology and cultivate the overall design thinking. With these methods and the whole process learning environment of building construction, building construction learning can be developed as a bridge between architectural studios and building technology curriculums, and the quality of professional training can be improved.

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    • Curriculum of overseas undergraduate programs in construction management: Lessons Learnt

      ZHAO Zhen-yu, ZUO Jian

      The complexity of contemporary construction projects presents a significant challenge to the competency of construction management professionals. The undergraduate construction management program to some extent determines the quality of construction management professionals. The comparison between the curriculum of the undergraduate construction management program in overseas high-profile universities and those in China provides critical inputs to the sustainable development of these programs. Using investigation, comparison and induction method, the curriculum of undergraduate program in construction management in 7 universities of U.S.A., U.K., Australia, and Singapore were analyzed. Consequently, strategies are proposed to improve the curriculum of undergraduate program in construction management of Chinese universities.

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    • Application of five categories in materialistic dialectic in bridge inspection and strengthening technology teaching

      TIAN Wei-feng, SUN Ce-shi

      The five categories are the generalization and reflection of the most common dialectical relationship of things, the universal connection and development of the material world are revealed from different viewpoints. They are the important teaching contents of ideological and political course. The dialectical materialism thoughts contained in the bridge inspection and strengthening technology course are excavated and refined. The five categories are introduced in bridge specialty course teaching by some typical examples. It discussed that the teaching mode in which bridge specialty courses combine ideological with political courses and work together. Meanwhile, it promotes the concept innovation and model innovation of engineering education.

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    • Exploration of EAP course development in Chinese universities-Based on the English learning needs analysis of college students majoring in the Built Environment

      Zhou Mei

      With increasing international contact and the deepening of education internationalization, EAP (English for Academic Purposes) course development has become increasingly important. By collecting questionnaire data from the college freshmen of the Faculty of the Built Environment, an English learning needs analysis was conducted from the following five aspects: students’ past learning experience, learning objectives, their expectations of college English courses, target needs and their understanding of the necessity of EAP courses in Chinese universities. The results show that students have years of past learning experience and have already acquired the basic knowledge and skills in English. They have multiple target needs and a strong desire to associate English learning with their subject study and future career development, thus they are eager for EAP courses at the university. This paper also presents some suggestions concerning the necessity of EAP course development, multiple course design, refinement of course contents and the adoption of research-based methodology, in the hope of enhancing students’ academic communicative competence, and making them the inter-disciplinary talents who are needed by the society.

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    • Teaching reform cases of soil mechanics based on interest arousing

      Li Weiteng, Wu Yankai, Wang Lai, Wang Gang, Zhao Jingwei

      The teaching content of Soil Mechanics is rather dull, which can easily hurt students" learning enthusiasm and influence the teaching effect. In this regard, the interesting points in course content of Soil Mechanics were explored. Based on the basic framework of heuristic guidance teaching method, a new teaching scheme of Soil Mechanics characteristics in interest stimulation was designed. Students" daily experience and personal scenes are used to arouse their interest, students" subjective status and participation is highlighted, and teachers" timely guiding role is emphasized, which let students fully enjoy the fun of seeking knowledge while feeling the rigor of scientific knowledge. "Case 1" and "Case 2" were taken as examples in this paper, the implementation process of the new teaching scheme was introduced, the principle and basis of the new scheme designation were analyzed based on the author’s experience, and a summary of this teaching reform was made finally based on the feedback of teaching practice.

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    • Analyzing the Function of " Eight Unification" in the Ideological and Political Theory Courses:An Understanding of Social Psychology

      zhangyun

      The reform and innovation of Ideological and political theory course should adhere to the "eight unification", which is General Secretary Xi Jinping"s profound insight into the essence of Ideological and political theory course and provides a fundamental follow for the construction of Ideological and political course in the new era. How to comprehend the "Eight Unities" among teachers of Ideological and political courses should grasp the persistence of political, value, constructive, theoretical, unified, dominant, indoctrinating and explicit education, and make up for the academic rationality, criticism, practicality, diversity, subjectivity, enlightenment and invisible education as soon as possible. This paper attempts to understand the unity and mutual construction of "eight unified concepts" from the perspective of social psychology.

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    • Suggestions on Training Mode and Evaluation System under Engineering Certification compared with German Higher Education

      Yin Gu, Surong Luo, Ting Zhang

      With the growth of science and technology, the competition for talents has become increasingly fierce. The higher education is an important key to talent development. The status of higher education and the teaching method of German engineering are introduced. The training objectives, professional curriculum setting, learning simulation and evaluation system of German civil engineering majors are elaborated. The civil engineering under the higher education engineering certification in China are compared with the system in Germany. The current situation of education was compared, and the gap between the current and international engineering certification targets was proposed. The suggestions for training mode and evaluation system were proposed.

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    • Exploration and practice of construction management talents training for new demands of the industry

      GU Xiang, LUO Ying-ying, DENG Ya-lan, YANG Yu

      With the introduction of the national strategy of “One Belt and One Road” and technological innovation, China"s construction engineering field has expanded continuously and the industry has developed on a large scale, showing a new trend of industrialization, internationalization and intelligence. The industry has put forward new demands for professionals. However, in recent years, the frequent occurrence of engineering accidents and the raging construction wastes reflect the fact that in the practice of the industry, there is a certain disconnect between the cultivation of talents in colleges and the actual needs of the industry. Engineering management education faces new challenges, and talent cultivation needs to be reformed .This paper studies out five dimensions of the current industry"s demand for talent quality by using factor analysis, literature research, semi-structured interview and questionnaire survey method, which are personal quality literacy, professional practical skills, personal career development ability, professional subject knowledge, the basic subject knowledge and application. On this basis of these results, five key curriculum groups, three teaching platforms and related core training contents are proposed, which provides a reference for the reform and practice of engineering management personnel training.

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    • The Path of Training First-class Electrical and Electronic Information Technology Talents in the University of Toronto and Its Enlightenment to the Construction of the New Engineering Disciplines

      tanzhi

      How to train first-class talents for industry, the world and the future is an urgent task in the construction of the New Engineering Disciplines in Chinese universities. It is an effective way to learn from the successful experience of education-developed countries. As one of the top universities in the world, the information technology personnel training is characterized by emphasizing on training students' engineering and humanistic literacy, strengthening interdisciplinary integration, enriching students' learning experience, and strengthening the construction of multi-disciplinary collaborative education system at University of Toronto. It has important enlightenment for the construction of the New Engineering Disciplines in our country and the training of outstanding engineers and next generation engineering leaders who influence the world.

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    • Responding to leading: research on the relationship between American engineering education and industrial structure

      YIBEIBEI

      Engineering education and industrial development are mutually supportive and closely linked. The cultivation of engineering talents needed for economic and social development is the mission of engineering education and industrial development. Based on the development history of American engineering education and the history of industrial structure development, it integrates into the evolution of American engineering education paradigm, summarizing 1783 to 1990, the process from the first stage of the American engineering education technology paradigm to the scientific paradigm, the United States has transformed from a big agricultural country to a information country. And the relationship between engineering education and industrial structure has undergone three stages of response, adaptation and leading. And derived from 1990 to the present, that is, under the fourth industrial revolution, the engineering education of the return paradigm should lead the development of industrial structure.

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    • Research on Hybrid Teaching of Civil EngineeringSpecialty Course Integrating Online and Offline

      LIN Yongjun, LI Tongmei, PAN Yi

      At present, a systematic and comprehensive online and offline hybrid teaching model has not yet been formed.In particular, the application of hybrid teaching concept to the teaching and research of civil engineering specialty course is still very deficient. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of civil engineering specialty course and the problems existing in teaching, a hybrid teaching mode of online and offline integration is proposed. This teaching mode is based on multimedia PPT, blackboard book, MIRC network platform and course learning website. It adopts teaching methods such as lecture, discussion, task-driven and self-learning, and pays attention to the comprehensive application of teaching methods and teaching methods, which can minimize the fatigue of students in the process of learning and fully stimulate students" interest and potential in learning. The application results in the teaching of “building structure design” in the core professional course of civil engineering show that the proposed hybrid teaching mode of online and offline has better learning effect and contributes to the cultivation of innovative practical talents.

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    • Discussion?on?two?problems?in?the?teaching?of?Mechanics?of?Materials

      chenyan, Zhang Xiaoqing

      Abstract: According to the basic theory of mechanics of materials, two problems in in-plane bending of the beam are analyzed in this study: the influences of different sections on the flexural normal strength of the beam and on the maximum shear stress of the cross section of I-beam, the level of the influence of various cross-section shapes on the flexural normal strength and the effect of various I – beam section sizes on the maximum shear stress were obtained quantitatively. The main results obtained are as follows: The flexural normal strength of rectangular section is lower than that of circular section when the rectangular section is transverse and the aspect ratio is greater than 1.36926; When the vertical degree of I-section is smaller than that of rectangular section, if the web of I-section is very short or very wide, the flexural normal strength of I-section is lower than that of rectangular section;For the general section size, the maximum shear stress on the I-section is not equal to the nominal average shear stress on the I-section web,Only under the specific section size, the maximum shear stress on the I-section is equal to the nominal average shear stress on the I-section web. The research results have corrected some vague concepts in the teaching of mechanics of materials, and the research process and the research method provide a good case for improving students' scientific literacy and cultivating students' scientific research ability in the teaching of material mechanics, which of great significance.

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    • Discussion on the teaching method of Steel Structure Course for foreign students

      zhuangyizhou, chenjunjie

      In recent years, with the rapid development of the internationalization of higher education, a large number of foreign students come to China to learn the knowledge of civil engineering, which makes the universities put forward new challenges to the teaching of foreign students. Therefore, in order to improve the teaching quality of overseas students and cultivate more professional and international civil engineers, The teaching method of the course "Basic Principles and Design of Steel Structure" based on the questionnaire of overseas students of grade 14, 15 and 16 of Zhejiang University of Technology has been discussed.. The survey showed that in the teaching of overseas students, there are many problems such as the poor foundation of mechanics, the lack of English ability of teachers, the traditional teaching methods, the poor integration between practice and theory and the unreasonable assessment etc. The teaching effect of the course of “Basic Principles and Design of Steel Structure” in terms of the aspects of teaching goal, teaching content and teaching materials, teaching methodologies, curriculum design and examination evaluation system has been discussed and analyzed. This is based on the nature and characteristics of this course and the consideration of the particularity of foreign student group in China. Further suggestions are came up with in the article to elevate the teaching quality of overseas student group so that it can help to improve the competency of these overseas students and to supply the industry with more practical practitioners who can adapt with the rapid change of the industry. Meanwhile, reference for the delivery of the main course in Civil engineering was also provided.

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    • Comparison study on the New Engineering Education Transformation and the Engineering Education Integration Innovation

      zhouhongfang, Daisiyuan, zhuzhengwei, zhangzhong

      To cope with the needs and challenges of the Fourth Industry Revolution, MIT initiates the fourth engineering education transformation (MIT4.0), which can also be called New Engineering Education Transformation, NEET; the alliance of excellent colleges proposes Engineering Education Integration Innovation, EEII. Contents of NEET include six parts: project centric curricular, various pedagogies, flexibility, ways of thinking, building on the departments’ strengths and defining the engineering education of the future. EEII has several parts including the development strategy of China’s engineering education facing the Fourth Industrial Revolution, reconstructing the governance system of China’s engineering education, the shift of paradigm of engineering education from returning of engineering education to integration and innovation, implementation of engineering talent training mode based on industrial value chain, building a new knowledge system and a curriculum system facing engineering process, construction strategy of quality standard system of engineering talents training, etc. From the perspective of eight elements of engineering education, this study compares the differences and similarities of NEET and EEII. This study finds MIT realizes its new engineering education by transformative behavior, a connective one. And we need integration and innovation, to realize new engineering education which is “corner overtaking”, a jumping behavior.

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    • Strengthening major characteristics and enriching major connotation based on discipline vantages

      shi qingxuan, shi lin, Zhong weihui

      The curriculum system is the main part of the student training program of the major, and the key factor of major characteristics and major connotation. It is also the base of major construction and major reform. In this paper, taking the curriculum system of civil engineering major of the Xi"an University of Architecture and Technology as an example, which was well reformed and optimized to Strengthen major characteristics and enrich major connotation, the reforming and optimization practice of the major curriculum system were introduced. The major courses, and the core curriculum group, as well as the elective curriculum system, were firstly introduced, and then the foreign language curriculum system, bilingual curriculum system and innovation-entrepreneurship education curriculum system as well as MOOC curriculum were presented too. The curriculum system reform and set-up experience introduced in this paper have good reference value for the designing of civil engineering course system and major construction in other colleges and universities.

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    • Research on the Cultivation of Practical Ability of Undergraduates Majoring in Architecture: Based on Text Analysis of 5 Universities in Guangdong Province

      Yang Dan

      Architecture is a highly integrated and practical subject. Cultivating high-quality undergraduates with strong practical ability is an important component of contemporary architectural education. There are different emphases in the training plan of practical ability in Guangdong colleges. There is little difference in the distribution of credits and the proportion of course types in macro class, and the design course and technology course reflecting the professional practice ability are implemented in parallel. Colleges should start to build a systematic practical teaching system, form a crisscross course organization, and consolidate the guarantee conditions for practical ability training to speed up the training pace of practical ability of undergraduates majoring in architecture.

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    • Comparative study on material mechanics courses of civil engineering majors in mainland China and Taiwan

      Lu Li, Pang Lang

      As a required course of civil engineering major, material mechanics course is one of the basic mechanics courses of the whole course system, and its importance is self-evident. This paper analyzes the Chongqing university and Taiwan Chung Hsing university majoring in civil engineering material mechanics course and differences between the two aspects of teaching and learning are in by comparing the two universities teaching contents and teaching methods, complement each other, and constantly improve the interior quality of civil engineering material mechanics teaching, realize the balanced development, strengthen students" ability training, promote the reform of education. As a necessary foundation for a civil engineering student to deeply understand the professional field, the course of material mechanics is very important in the undergraduate teaching stage of civil engineering. Therefore, it is imperative to explore teaching mode and improve teaching quality for civil engineering teaching. By analyzing the teaching differences between the two universities, this paper studies the excellent teaching experience and teaching methods of other universities, selects the essence and gets rid of the dross, so as to further develop the teaching work of civil engineering major.

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    • Investigation and Practice on the China-International Education Collaboration Undergraduate Program of Building Environment and Energy Engineering:A case Study of Sino-Australia Collaboration Education Program

      ZHANG Donghai, SAN Shuxun, GAO Penghui, HUANG Jianen, WANG Yijiang, Meng Lei

      Chinese institute of higher education will be able to introduce overseas high level teaching resources and enhance the international impact and reputation by implementing the China-International Education Collaboration Program, an important action to internationalize China higher education under the background of "Double First-Rate". A case investigation of Sino-Australia Collaboration Program of Building Environment and Energy Engineering is presented in terms of the progress,aims and teaching features of the joint program. Detailed information in program duration, program courses, mutual visiting, internationalization of teaching staff and cooperative is given. The Sino-Australia Collaboration Program has been in practice for several years and good outcome has been reached. The experience in running this program can be used as a reference for other collaboration programs.

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    • Application of PBL teaching model in specialty degree graduate student’s case course

      YANG Hui, JIANG Xue-liang