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    论以环境质量改善为核心的环境法制转型
    李挚萍
    中山大学 法学院, 广东 广州 510275
    摘要:
    中国进入全面建成小康社会的关键阶段,人民群众对于环境质量的要求日益提高。中国“十三五”规划提出了环境保护工作应该以改善环境质量为核心,以环境质量改善为目标导向的环境管理模式正在形成。新的环境管理模式更重视公众的切身感受及其环境权益的实现,其管制目标理念、法律义务和责任设定、管制措施等与污染控制为目标导向的管理模式有明显的不同。管理模式的改变对环境立法、执法和司法都提出了新要求、新挑战,应当以环境质量改善为核心进行环境法制转型,在立法目的、法律制度和司法救济等方面进行回应。
    关键词:  环境质量改善  环境管理模式  环境法制
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.2017.02.013
    分类号:
    基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“生态文明法律制度建设研究”(14ZDC029);国家社会科学基金重点项目“环境修复司法制度研究”(16AFX020)
    Research on environmental law regulation transformation with environmental quality improvement as the core
    LI Zhiping
    School of Law, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    China now is in the key stage of building a well-off society, and the public's requirement for environmental quality is increasing day by day.The 13th Five-year Plan proposed that the core of environmental protection in China should be to improve environmental quality, and the environmental management pattern aiming at environmental quality improvement is shaping.New pattern of environmental management pays more attention to the realization of personal environmental rights and interests of the public, and its goal and concept, legal obligations and responsibilities, control measures are obviously different from pollution-control oriented management model.The change of the management pattern raises new demands and challenges for environmental legislation, law enforcement and judiciary.The environmental legal system should be transformed based on the core of environmental quality improvement, and attentions should be paid to legislative goals, legal system, and judicial relief.
    Key words:  environmental quality improvement  environmental management pattern  environmental legal system
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