热点关注
    期刊信息
    主管单位:国家教育部
    主办单位:重庆大学
    主  编:赵修渝
    地  址:重庆市沙坪坝正街174号
    邮政编码:400044
    电  话:023-65102306;023-65111861
    电子邮件:shekexeb@cqu.edu.cn
    国际标准刊号:ISSN 1008-5831
    国内统一刊号:CN 50-1023/C
    邮发代号:78-129
    单  价:10
    定  价:120
    引用本文:
    【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
    ←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
    本文已被:浏览 177次   下载 78 本文二维码信息
    码上扫一扫!
    分享到: 微信 更多
    生态文明视野下《核安全法》基本原则探析
    黄锡生
    作者单位
    黄锡生 重庆大学 法学院, 重庆 400044 
    摘要:
    线性生态文明观面临着难以自圆其说的逻辑漏洞,"系统生态文明观"应当成为检视和构建《核安全法》基本原则的指导性理念。《核安全法(草案)》中的"确保安全方针"与"安全第一原则"构成语义重复,同时放入基本原则条款无异于焚琴煮鹤;"纵深防御"并不具有原则的特质,更适宜作为一项制度进行规定;"严格管理"和"全面保障"宜合并为"全过程严格监管原则"。此外,从解释论的角度看,"责任明确原则"应当偏重理解为行政权力的"决策担责",方能从源头规避和治理核安全风险;从建构论的角度看,《核安全法》中应当增加"信息公开原则"和"公众参与原则",从而实现"监管核安全监管者"之目的。
    关键词:  生态文明  核安全法  法律原则  解释论  建构论
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.2017.05.010
    分类号:D922.6
    基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目"生态文明法律制度建设研究"(14ZDC029);司法部重点项目"生态环境保护法律机制研究"(14SFB1009)
    Research on the basic principles of the “Nuclear Safety law” from the perspective of ecological civilization
    HUANG Xisheng
    Abstract:
    The concept of "linear ecological civilization" is confronted with logical loopholes which are hard to justify. The concept of "systematical ecological civilization" should be taken as the guiding principle to inspect and construct the basic principles of the "Nuclear Safety law". The "policy to ensure security" and the "safety first principle" in the "Nuclear Safety law (Draft)" constitute a semantic repetition, which would be tantamount to the burning of the lyre and the boiling of the crane to include them all; The "defense-in-depth" policy does not possess the characteristic of a principle and it should be stipulated as a system; "Strict management" and "comprehensive protection" should be merged into "the strict supervision principle of the whole process". In addition, from the perspective interpretative theory, the "principle of clear liability" should be interpreted as the "decision-making responsibility" of administrative power to avoid and control nuclear risk from the source. From the perspective constructional theory, the principles of "information disclosure" and "public participation" should be added into the "Nuclear Safety law" to realize the goal of "supervising nuclear safety by regulators".
    Key words:  ecological civilization  nuclear safety law  legal principles  interpretative theory  constructional theory
    Copyright@ 2008 All Rights Reserved.