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    无权代理人归责中的代为履行问题研究——以民法总则第171条为视角
    张力, 何宏
    西南政法大学 民商法学院, 重庆 401120
    摘要:
    民法总则第171条第3款规定了权代理人实施权代理的代为履行责任,善意相对人有权在被代理人未予追认的情形下,选择直接向权代理人主张履行债务或损害赔偿。代为履行责任与损害赔偿责任是性质截然不同的两种责任,前者是合同责任,后者则是一种侵权责任。代为履行责任承担实际上突破了合同相对性原理,其实质属于合同权利义务的概括移转,也即合同主体的变更。基于此种责任承担方式的特殊性,为了防止该责任承担违背代理制度本身的宗旨,法律有必要对某些情形下相对人的选择权予以限制。同时为了构建科学合理的权代理人归责体系,法律有必要赋予权代理人与相对人在不损及被代理人合法权益前提下的协商权。
    关键词:  民法总则  权代理人  责任归属  代为履行责任
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.fx.2018.09.001
    分类号:D923.6
    基金项目:
    Research of problems in substitute performance responsibility of unauthorized agents' attribution of responsibility: Start with Article 171 of General Provisions of the Civil Law
    ZHANG Li, HE Hong
    School of Civil & Commercial Law, Southwest University of Political Science and Law, Chongqing 401120, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    The third paragraph of Article 171 of General Provisions of the Civil Law stipulates that the agent who has no right to act as the agent shall be liable for performance of the debts or damages. The liability for substitute performance and the liability for damages are two different kinds of liabilities in nature. The former is contractual liability and the latter is tort liability. The assumption of responsibility for substitute performance actually breaks through the principle of contract relativity and its essence is the general transfer of contractual rights and obligations, that is, the change of contract subject. Based on the particularity of this kind of liability bearing method, in order to prevent this kind of liability bearing from violating the purpose of the agency system itself, it is necessary for the law to restrict the choice of the counterpart in some cases. At the same time, in order to construct a scientific and reasonable system of liability for unauthorized agents, it is necessary for the law to grant the right of negotiation between the unauthorized agent and the counterpart without prejudice to the lawful rights and interests of the principal.
    Key words:  General Provisions of the Civil Law  unauthorized agent  attribution of responsibility  substitute performance responsibility
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