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    我国大学学术权力运行的历史变迁研究
    包万平1, 薛南2
    1.青海师范大学 教育学院, 青海 西宁 810016;2.澳门城市大学 教育学院, 澳门 999078
    摘要:
    大学作为学术性组织,学术权力是支撑和维系大学发展的基本纽带。学术权力运行不但是大学内部治理的重要组成,也是现代大学制度建设的重要内容。本研究通过历史梳理发现,我国大学学术权力发展呈现出从"潜隐"趋向"显现"、从依附行政权力到逐步独立的总体规律,但由于每个历史阶段的特点不同,学术权力在大学内部的地位和作用也有所不同。现阶段我国大学学术权力运行还存在一些问题,未来需要从历史发展中吸取经验,进一步提升学术权力在大学内部治理中的权威性,加强学术委员会等学术组织建设。
    关键词:  学术权力  学术委员会  学术组织  学术研究  现代大学制度  大学内部治理
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jy.2019.05.001
    分类号:G40-053;G644
    基金项目:
    Study on the historical changes of university academic power in China
    BAO Wanping1, XUE Nan2
    1.College of Education, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810016, P. R. China;2.Faculty of Education, City University of Macau, Macau 999078, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    As an academic organization, academic power is the basic link to support and sustain the development of universities. The operation of academic power is not only an important part of university internal governance, but also an important part of the construction of modern university system. Through historical review, this study finds that the development of university academic power in China shows a general rule from "latent" to "apparent", from the attachment of administrative power to gradual independence. However, because of the different characteristics of each historical stage, the position and function of academic power in universities are also different. Now, there are still some problems in the operation of academic power in China. In the future, we need to learn from the historical development, to further enhance the authority of academic power in the internal governance of universities, and to strengthen the construction of academic organizations such as academic committees.
    Key words:  academic power  academic committee  academic organization  academic research  modern university system  internal governance of universities
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