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    “双一流”建设背景下我国省际高校科研效率及影响因素研究——基于DEA-Tobit模型
    苏荟, 刘奥运
    石河子大学 师范学院, 新疆 石河子 832003
    摘要:
    基于我国2015-2017年31个省、市、自治区的面板数据,运用DEA模型测算我国省际高校的科研效率,研究结果表明:各地区高校科研效率普遍较低,"双一流"建设背景下,高校科研总体效率呈增长趋势。其中,西部地区高校科研效率总体相对较高,其次是中部、东部地区。运用Tobit模型进一步对影响高校科研效率的因素进行回归分析,发现我国高校人力资本投资总体处于"稀缺"状态,以经费为代表的物质资本投入处于"冗余"阶段,科学研究机构存在"重量短质"等问题。我国高校内涵式发展应将重点转向对人力资本的积累,相对减少物质资本的过度投入,同时,进一步加强国际交流与合作,努力推进"双一流"高校建设,不断提升我国高校科研效率,增强我国高校国际话语权。
    关键词:  “双一流”建设  省际高校  科研效率  DEA  Tobit回归  科研评价
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.jy.2019.06.003
    分类号:G644
    基金项目:
    A study on the efficiency and influencing factors of scientific research in inter-provincial universities under “Double First-Class” construction: Based on DEA-Tobit model
    SU Hui, LIU Aoyun
    Normal College, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    Based on the panel data of 31 provinces,municipalities and autonomous regions in China from 2015 to 2017,the DEA model is used to estimate the efficiency of scientific research in inter-provincial universities. Results show that the efficiency of scientific research in universities in different regions is generally low. Under "Double First-Class" construction,the overall efficiency of scientific research shows an increasing trend. The efficiency of scientific research in western universities is relatively high,followed by the universities in central and eastern regions. Then the Tobit model is used to analyze the factors that affecting the efficiency of scientific research in universities. It is found that the investment of human capital in universities is in a state of "scarcity" and material capital is in the state of "redundance". Scientific research institutions have such problem as focusing on quantity but not on quality. The connotative development of universities in China should focus on the accumulation of human capital and reduce the excessive investment of material capital,strengthen international exchanges and cooperation,and make great efforts to promote the construction of "Double First-Class",to improve the efficiency of scientific research in universities and to enhance the international discourse right of universities in China.
    Key words:  “Double First-Class” construction  inter-provincial universities  scientific research efficiency  DEA  Tobit regression  research evaluation
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