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    多元共治:乡村振兴战略视域下的农村生态环境治理创新模式
    张志胜
    安徽财经大学 财政与公共管理学院, 安徽 蚌埠 233030
    摘要:
    农村生态环境治理与乡村振兴战略的实施互促共进,前者是实施乡村振兴战略题中的应有之义,也是实施该战略的助推器,后者为农村生态环境治理提供了新的契机。农村生态环境问题可归因于相关主体责任缺失,既有地方政府"主导者"角色缺位,也有部分地方企业不重视农村生态环境保护,甚至污染或破坏环境的因素。另外,农民环保意识淡薄,非政府组织参与治理的能力有限等因素亦不容忽视。推进农村生态环境治理,实现乡村社会的全方位振兴,亟待在地方政府的主导下,地方企业、农民、非政府组织、农村社区等"利益攸关者"各司其责,且"多元共治"。其中,地方政府切实承担起"主导者"责任;地方企业需强化保护农村生态环境的社会责任;农民应增强治理主体意识;非政府组织需提升参与农村生态环境治理的能力;农村社区则应发挥生态环境治理的"主场"优势。
    关键词:  乡村振兴  农村生态环境  多元共治  美丽乡村  生态治理
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1008-5831.gg.2019.05.005
    分类号:F323.22;X321
    基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目"公共治理视角下的扶贫资源配置与优化研究"(16BZZ069);安徽高校人文社会科学研究重大项目"农村公共卫生服务中农民需求表达机制研究"(SK2017ZD49)
    Study on the multi-governance model of rural ecological environment governance from the perspective of rural revitalization strategy
    ZHANG Zhisheng
    School of Finance and Public Management, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu 233030, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    The implementation of rural ecological environment governance and rural rejuvenation strategy is the premise and foundation of each other. Rural ecological environment governance is an important way to realize rural revitalization,and the implementation of rural revitalization strategy provides a new opportunity for the governance of rural ecological environment. The problems of rural ecological environment can be attributed to absence of related subject responsibility,including local governance role absence,and some local enterprises' environmental disruption or pollution. In addition,some farmers' weak awareness of environmental protection,and non-governmental organizations' poor ability in participation can't be ignored. To achieve all-round revitalization of rural society,local governments should play the leading role,local enterprises should strength social responsibility,the farmers should strengthen the subjective consciousness,non-governmental organizations need to improve their ability in participation,and rural communities should full play the advantages of participating. Only by giving full play to their own advantages and cooperating with each other,it is possible to realize the all-round rejuvenation of the rural society.
    Key words:  rural vitalization strategy  rural ecological environment  multiple governance  the beautiful countryside  ecological management
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