Unsafe behavior of construction workers is the main cause of construction safety accidents. Research on the influencing factors and influence paths of unsafe behavior of construction workers is one of the key scientific issues to reduce unsafe behavior of construction workers. To reduce construction worker's unsafe behaviors, this paper reviewed the research results of the influencing factors of unsafe behavior of construction workers from three aspects:individual, organization and society, and combed the influence path of influencing factors. Based on the induction and summarization of literature reading, it was concluded that in the future, we should further study the influence path of unsafe behavior of construction workers from the perspective of cognitive psychology, and pay attention to the study of the influence process of environmental factors and individual interactions on unsafe behaviors. Moreover, attention should be paid to the impact of informal groups in the construction industry on unsafe behavior. The research results will help to improve the theoretical study of safety management and improve the level of safe production.