In recent years, virtual reality technology has become increasingly mature and has gradually been applied in the field of education. In order to optimize the education mode and practice education reform, the article uses virtual reality technology to design and implement a bucket arch culture experiential teaching application for the famous ancient architecture Foguang Temple. The components of the bucket arch have the characteristics of high complexity and difficulty in distinguishing. Because of the immersive, interactive, and imaginative advantages of virtual reality, architectural students can participate in the process of bucket arch construction in the virtual environment. The results of student participation show that the bucket arch learning virtual reality platform is higher than the traditional learning mode in interest and knowledge retention. It reveals the effectiveness of virtual reality in the field of ancient architecture education and has positive significance for inheriting ancient Chinese architectural culture.