The development and utilization of underground space is the key development direction of the country in the future. Urban underground space engineering is a new subject which combines theory and practice closely. At present, the talent cultivation of various schools is still in the initial stage of exploration, which is out of line with the talent demand of enterprises. Combined with the urban underground space project of Xi'an University of architecture and technology, this paper puts forward some measures such as setting up Research Institute, laboratory, practice base and network platform by combining school and enterprise, establishing talent incubation pool by using the teaching resources and enterprise engineering practice of colleges and universities, giving full play to the respective advantages of colleges and enterprises, and putting forward the school enterprise cooperation training model from the perspective of talent training and enterprise development needs In this way, the school students can enter the practice base to improve the engineering practice ability, and the enterprise employees can supplement the theoretical knowledge through the network platform, so as to realize the win-win goal of the school and enterprise personnel training. This paper analyzes the feasibility of school enterprise cooperative training mode from the perspective of universities and enterprises, and discusses the significance of school enterprise cooperative training mode to universities and enterprises. The results show that the school enterprise cooperative training mode is of great significance to the teaching reform and the long-term development of enterprises.