Due to its large-scale and large destructive nature, tailings pond dams have great difficulties in teaching practice and research. As an innovative teaching method, experimental teaching based on virtual simulation has been well applied in many fields of teaching and has achieved good results. Based on the virtual simulation system of the tailings dam breach laboratory at Nanchang University, this paper proposes a virtual-simulation-based experiment teaching plan of “one platform, two orientation, three levels and four modules”. The specific program and its characteristics of the virtual simulation experiment teaching on tailings dam break are introduced. Two main problems in the experimental teaching based on virtual simulation are summarized and corresponding solution countermeasures are put forward.