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    土木工程专业大学生工程意识培养研究——以结构设计竞赛为例
    武贤慧, 王步
    长安大学 建筑工程学院, 陕西 西安 710064
    摘要:
    经过十余年的探索,结构设计竞赛的目标越来越倾向于模拟和简化当今时代面临的重大工程问题,从而彰显出其在土木工程专业大学生工程意识培养方面的突出优势。文章针对工程综合意识的内涵和结构设计竞赛的自身特点,构建了包含工程应用意识、结构创新意识、团队协作意识、工作信心构建四个方面及其子项目在内的综合工程意识培养效果检验指标体系。以两年的校级结构设计竞赛调研数据为依托,对竞赛前后学生综合工程意识的变化进行了统计分析。结合多年组织和参加各类竞赛的经验,提出了土木工程专业大学生综合工程意识培养的改革方向。
    关键词:  结构设计竞赛  土木工程  综合工程意识  指标体系  改革方向
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2016.03.006
    分类号:
    基金项目:陕西省高等教育教学改革研究项目(15BY25)
    Research on the engineering consciousness training for civil engineering students :taking structural design competition as an example
    WU Xianhui, WANG Bu
    School of Civil Engineering, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710064, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    After more than 10 years development,the structural design competition increasingly tends to stimulate the major engineering problems today,which highlights the outstanding advantages of the competition in training engineering consciousness for civil engineering students. According to the connotation of engineering consciousness and the features of the competitions, the inspection index systemspirit how to train the comprehensive engineering consciousness for students is set up. This systemspirit contains the practical application ability,the structural innovation idea,the teamwork spirit, the work confidence and comprehensive engineering consciousness training effect inspection index system. Relying on the data of two school competitions, the statistics are analyzed by comparing the data before and after the competition. The reform ways are put forward based on the experience of organizing and participating in the competitions.
    Key words:  structural design competition  civil engineering  comprehensive engineering consciousness  index system  reform ways
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