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    主管单位:中国建设教育协会
    主办单位:重庆大学 中国建设教育协会普通高等教育专业委员会
    主  编:杜春兰
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    国际标准刊号:ISSN 1005-2909
    国内统一刊号:CN 50-1025/G4
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    建筑学专业学生非专业职业能力培养研究——基于在职校友的调查反馈
    张金锋1, 林斯媛2, 吕梦迪2, 倪夏2, 曹海婴2
    1.合肥工业大学 化学与化工学院, 安徽 合肥 230601;2.合肥工业大学 建筑与艺术学院, 安徽 合肥 230601
    摘要:
    基于建筑学在校教学对非专业职业能力培养不足的现状,通过对合肥工业大学历届建筑学专业优秀校友的调查,旨在为建筑学教育明确何为对建筑学学生发展至关重要的非专业职业能力。首先,从校友库中筛选150位合肥工业大学优秀在职校友进行问卷调查,在所获反馈数据的基础上,提炼出若干个对建筑学专业学生影响较大的非专业职业能力的要素。然后在150位优秀校友中筛选出20个核心对象,设计问答题进行针对性访谈,从中提取出最为关键的建筑学非专业职业能力要素——个人表达与人际交往能力、创新能力、自主学习能力和职业规划能力。在与建筑学专业教育者沟通、综合校友意见、参考现有文献的基础上,提出在校教育培养非专业职业能力要素的可能途径。最后,从专业教育的角度,对现有建筑学专业的本科教学安排、利用校友资源协助建筑学子未来发展提出了建议。
    关键词:  建筑学  优秀校友  非专业职业能力  个人表达与人际交往能力  创新能力
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.007
    分类号:G642
    基金项目:安徽省高水平教学团队建设项目(2017jxtd001);国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(201710359408);安徽省重大教学改革研究项目、教学改革与质量提升计划(2014zdjy)
    Research on the key professional abilities of architecture based on alumni: Taking the excellent alumni of HFUT as an example
    ZHANG Jinfeng1, LIN Siyuan2, LYU Mengdi2, NI Xia2, CAO Haiying2
    1.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230601, P. R. China;2.College of Architecture & Art, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230601, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    Based on the current situation of the lack of non-professional professional competence training in architectural teaching, this paper investigates the outstanding alumni of architectural specialty in Hefei University of Technology, aiming at clarifying what non-professional professional competence is essential for the development of architectural students. In the first stage of the investigation, 150 outstanding in-service alumni of Hefei University of Technology were selected from the alumni database and questionnaires were conducted. On the basis of the feedback data, several elements of non-professional professional competence which had a greater impact on students of architecture were extracted. In the second stage, 20 core subjects were selected from 150 outstanding alumni, and questions were designed to conduct targeted interviews, from which the key elements of architectural non-professional professional competence were extracted:personal expression and interpersonal communication ability, innovation ability, self-learning ability and career planning ability. After communicating with architectural educators, synthesizing alumni's opinions and referring to the existing educational model of architectural specialty, this paper puts forward the possible ways to cultivate non-professional vocational competence elements in school education. Finally, from the perspective of professional education, some suggestions are put forward on the current undergraduate teaching arrangement of architecture specialty and the use of alumni resources to assist the future development of architecture students.
    Key words:  architecture  excellent alumni  non-professional competence  personal expression and interpersonal communication ability  innovation ability
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