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    基于OBE理念和BOPPPS模式的快速建筑设计集中教学改革探索
    王亚莎, 方勇锋, 邢双军
    浙江万里学院 设计艺术与建筑学院, 浙江 宁波 315000
    摘要:
    快速建筑设计能力是建筑学专业学生应掌握的核心能力之一。快速建筑设计能力的培养除了依托建筑设计系列课程,还有赖于以集中教学的形式进行强化与提升。基于OBE理念和BOPPPS模式,以学习成果为导向,对快速建筑设计集中教学进行改革探索。分解快速建筑设计教学目标,将过去综合性快速设计目标分解为较为纯粹的方案和表现两个次目标,分别加以针对性的训练;重新设计教学进程,将一周的时间划分为环环相扣的八个环节,并在其中合理安排测评反馈节点;完善考评机制,根据重新设计的教学进程设定更全面的考评标准。这些改革措施,旨在使学生更加明确每一个阶段的学习目标,并获得更明晰的学习成果反馈。快速建筑设计课程能更好地激发学生的学习积极性,提高教学效果。
    关键词:  建筑学专业  快速建筑设计  OBE理念  BOPPPS教学模式  教学研究
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.020
    分类号:G642.0;TU2
    基金项目:浙江万里学院2018年课堂教改项目"整合高效——《快速建筑设计》实践课堂教学改革";浙江省教学改革研究项目"基于核心能力培养的建筑学专业课程体系改革"(SF0121610300530)
    Teaching reform of architectural quick design based on OBE concept and BOPPPS mode
    WANG Yasha, FANG Yongfeng, XING Shuangjun
    Faculty of Design and Architecture, Zhejiang Wanli University, Ningbo 315000, Zhejiang, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    The ability of architectural quick design is one of the essential capabilities of architecture. It will play an important role in the entrance examination for postgraduates, job interviews, and professional qualification examinations. In addition to the curriculums of architectural design, training of architectural quick design also depends on integrated practical course. Inspired by the OBE concept and BOPPPS mode, this paper aims to explore the reform of integrated practical course of architectural quick design with the guidance of learning results. The teaching goal of architectural quick design was decomposed. The integrated goal of rapid design in the past is divided into two sub-goals:architectural design and performance scheme, which are trained respectively. The teaching process was redesigned, which is divided into eight segments, and the feedback nodes are reasonably arranged among them. The evaluation mechanism was improved, the comprehensive evaluation criteria is set. According to the redesigned teaching process, it could make a clearer target of each stage and get a clearer feedback of the learning results, so as to protect the learning enthusiasm and improve the teaching effect.
    Key words:  architecture specialty  architectural quick design  outcome-based education  BOPPPS teaching mode  teaching research
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