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    主管单位:中国建设教育协会
    主办单位:重庆大学 中国建设教育协会普通高等教育专业委员会
    主  编:杜春兰
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    国际标准刊号:ISSN 1005-2909
    国内统一刊号:CN 50-1025/G4
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    大学生结构设计竞赛对结构力学课程教学的启示
    乔朋, 李悦, 马乾瑛
    长安大学 建筑工程学院, 陕西 西安 710061
    摘要:
    中国高校"双一流"建设的核心是一流本科教学。一流本科教学要实现一流人才的培养目标,在课程教学中应强化"学生为本"的教学理念。通过引导大学生积极参加结构设计竞赛,培养学生解决问题的能力、创新能力、动手能力和团队协作能力等,全面提升学生综合应用专业知识的能力。参考结构设计大赛的良好效果,建议在结构力学课程教学中增加定性结构力学内容,加强实践教学环节和采用探究性学习方式,可弥补传统课堂教学对学生知识应用训练方面的不足。
    关键词:  结构力学  课程教学改革  结构设计竞赛  能力培养
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.05.012
    分类号:G642
    基金项目:长安大学中央高校"双一流"引导专项项目(300104292804);陕西省"一流专业"建设项目(0012-310628170110);陕西省"一流专业"培育项目(0012-310628170124);陕西高等教育教学改革研究项目(17BZ018)
    Enlightenment of National Structure Design Competition for College Students to structural mechanics course teaching
    QIAO Peng, LI Yue, MA Qianying
    School of Civil Engineering, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    The first-class undergraduate teaching is the core part of "Double World-class" construction in Chinese colleges and universities. In order to achieve the objectives of training "first-class talents" in first-class undergraduate education, the "student-oriented" education philosophy should be adopted in teaching. Through guiding students to participate actively in National Structure Design Competition, the students are trained to improve their abilities of problem solving, innovation, practicing and team-cooperation. Their ability to use professional knowledge comprehensively is also enhanced. Referring to some specific practices and good effects of structure design competition, three measures are suggested in teaching of structural mechanics, which are adding qualitative analysis content, strengthening practice teaching and adopting inquiry learning method. These measures can complement the deficiency of knowledge application training in traditional teaching.
    Key words:  structural mechanics  teaching reform  structure design competition  ability training
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