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    虚实结合的多层次钢结构教学模型体系建设
    陈鑫1, 毛小勇1, 张兄武2, 田石柱1, 朱燕清1
    1.苏州科技大学 土木工程学院, 苏州 215011;2.苏州科技大学 教务处, 苏州 215011
    摘要:
    钢结构形式多变、构造复杂、课程知识点多给土木工程专业学生的学习带来了困难。对此,建立了虚拟仿真和实物模型相结合的教学模型体系辅助学生深入理解相关知识。梳理了本科教学中所涉及的钢结构课程体系,并总结了知识广、理解难和空间感要求高三大特点,从构件、节点、结构体系和损坏形态等多个层次建立了虚实结合的钢结构教学模型体系。最后,介绍了该模型体系中四大模块的建设情况。采用虚拟仿真和实物模型相结合的教学方法,与理论教学相互融合、相互促进,全面提高学生对钢结构相关知识的掌握程度。
    关键词:  虚实结合  教学模型  土木工程  实验室建设
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.05.013
    分类号:G642
    基金项目:江苏省品牌专业;江苏省青蓝工程(苏教师[2016]15号);江苏省社会科学基金项目一般项目(17JYB010);江苏省研究生教育教学改革课题(JGLX19_145)
    Construction of the multi-layer steel structure teaching model system based on virtual-real integration
    CHEN Xin1, MAO Xiaoyong1, ZHANG Xiongwu2, TIAN Shizhu1, ZHU Yanqing1
    1.School of Civil Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215011, P. R. China;2.Office of Educational Administration, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215011, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    With the characteristics of variable structural style, complicated construction, too many knowledge points, etc., steel structure courses have brought difficulties to civil engineering undergraduates. Therefore, this paper presents a teaching model system, which combines both virtual simulation and physical model, to help the undergraduates understand relevant knowledge. The system of steel structure courses in undergraduate teaching is concluded, and its three characteristics are summarized including too wide range of knowledge to learn, too hard to understand and high requirement of space sense. Then a steel structure teaching model system is constructed based on several layers, such as components, joints, structure systems and damage states. Lastly, the construction situation of the four blocks of the system is introduced. With the proposed integration teaching method and theory teaching integrating and promoting mutually, the undergraduates' mastery of steel structure relevant knowledge is improved comprehensively.
    Key words:  virtual-real integration  teaching model  civil engineering  laboratory construction
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