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    新形势下“大土木”专业课程建设及复合型人才培养模式
    罗素蓉, 吴恺云, 李旭红
    福州大学 土木工程学院, 福建 福州 350116
    摘要:
    面对"一带一路"倡议下的国际新形势和"双一流"建设对学科发展的要求,现有土木工程专业的教学内容和教学方式,已不能适应土木工程国际竞争力的快速发展,以及新时代"大土木"工程复合型人才培养要求。基于现代土木工程多元化和国际化的发展现状,以及土木工程专业高等教育模式存在的"窄口径"等问题,提出在优化学科结构的基础上,对土木工程专业课程进行深化改革,在课程内容和教学方式的"共性"和"个性"上寻找平衡点,合理整合课程内容,科学构建课程模块,拓展专业学生的国际视野。同时,优化教学方式,推进素质教育,提高教师队伍素质,完善"通专结合"复合型人才培养模式,提高土木工程专业人才的竞争力。
    关键词:  “大土木”  专业课程  课程建设  复合型人才培养
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.06.003
    分类号:G642.0;TU
    基金项目:2018年福州大学一流本科教学改革建设项目
    Specialized curriculum construction and the training mode of interdisciplinary talents of wide civil engineering under the new situation
    LUO Surong, WU Kaiyun, LI Xuhong
    College of Civil Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    Under the new international situation under the One Belt And One Road strategy and the requirements of the Double First-rate construction policy on discipline construction, the existing teaching contents and teaching methods of civil engineering specialty in China cannot adapt to the rapid development of the international competitiveness of civil engineering, and the requirements of the wide civil engineering on the cultivation of interdisciplinary talents in the new era. Based on the development status of diversification and internationalization of modern civil engineering under the new situation, and the existing problems of narrow caliber in the education mode of civil engineering specialty at present, this study puts forward that after the subject structure is optimized, the civil engineering major should carry on the deepening reform to the curriculum construction, its curriculum content and the teaching way need to find the balance between the commonness and the individuality, set up the curriculum content, construct curriculum modules and expand international vision. Meanwhile, enriching teaching methods, developing quality education and improving the quality of teachers can improve the combination of general and specialized compound talent training mode and enhance the competitiveness of civil engineering professionals.
    Key words:  wide civil engineering  specialized curriculum  curriculum construction  training of interdisciplinary talents
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