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    以创新思维训练提升土木工程专业学生创新能力
    蒲武川, 谷倩, 冯仲仁
    武汉理工大学 土木工程与建筑学院, 湖北 武汉 430070
    摘要:
    传统的面向应用的土木工程专业人才培养,注重培养毕业生的专业技术能力和理性、严谨、精确的思维。为了适应土木工程行业的变革与转型,创新能力正成为土木工程专业毕业生越来越重要的能力目标。思考是创新的前提,高质量思考是高价值创新成果的基础。土木工程专业学生存在较强的思维定式,难以突破工程思维惯性的约束,单一的思维模式对创新能力的提升形成了制约。文章在分析土木工程专业毕业生创新能力需求的基础上,探讨土木工程专业学生的思维特征,阐述开设培养创新思维能力的理论课程的必要性,以武汉理工大学为例介绍了土木工程专业相关课程的教学实践,并对课程教学内容构成和意义进行了探讨。
    关键词:  土木工程专业  人才培养  创新思维  创新能力  毕业生能力需求
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.06.004
    分类号:G642;TU4
    基金项目:湖北省高校省级教学改革研究项目"构建土木类型‘四位一体’工程人才核心能力体系与实践教学体系的研究与实践"(鄂教高函[2015]36号-2015107);武汉理工大学教学改革研究项目(W2019013)
    Improving the innovative ability of students in civil engineering specialty by innovative thinking training
    PU Wuchuan, GU Qian, FENG Zhongren
    School of Civil Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, P. R. China
    Abstract:
    In the traditional application-oriented training of civil engineering professionals, the graduates are required to have solid professional skills and rigorous, conservative and accurate thinking habits. In the new era, the transformation needs of civil engineering industry put forward higher and higher requirements for graduates' innovative thinking ability. Thinking is the premise of innovation, and high-quality thinking is the basis of innovation achievements. Civil engineering students generally have strong thinking patterns and are difficult to recognize their own weaknesses. Improving their thinking habits is very important to improve their innovative ability. Based on the teaching practice of civil engineering innovation course offered by our university, this paper analyses the needs of innovative ability, explores the thinking characteristics of civil engineering students, and expounds the necessity of offering innovative thinking and innovative ability training courses. Combining with the teaching practice, the composition and significance of the teaching content of the course are explained and discussed.
    Key words:  civil engineering  talent training  innovative thinking  innovative ability  graduates' ability requirement
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