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    满足新时代大学生科研需求的关键平台:创新研修课
    沈朝1, 倪龙1, 姜益强1, Xinlei Wang2, Haibo Huang3
    1.哈尔滨工业大学 建筑学院, 寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室;2.伊利诺伊大学 香槟分校, 美国 61801;3.弗吉尼亚理工大学, 美国 24061
    摘要:
    中美两国本科教学有着较大的区别。与美国相比,中国管理制的教学体制有利于督促学生学习,充足的课程让学生理论功底更扎实。但中国本科教学往往强调知识内容本身,而较少关注理论的实践运用,重知识传授,轻能力培养,以致学生实践能力不足。当代大学生科研热情日益高涨,越来越多的本科生期望参与科研。哈尔滨工业大学以科研优势为依托,设立"创新研修课",受到学生欢迎。实践证明,"创新研修课"不仅为年轻教师提供了科研助手,更为本科生搭建了通往研究生继续深造的过渡桥梁。"创新研修课"已成为本科生发表SCI学术论文的创新平台,为本科生打开了参与国际交流的一扇窗。
    关键词:  中美本科教育  创新研修课  科研需求  国际交流
    DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.06.014
    分类号:G642.0
    基金项目:黑龙江省高等教育教学改革项目"以学生需求为靶向的创新研修课新型教学模式探索"
    Innovative course: The key platform to meet the scientific research needs of college students in the new era
    SHEN Chao1, NI Long1, JIANG Yiqiang1, WANG Xinlei2, HUANG Haibo3
    1.School of Architecture, Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, P. R. China;2.University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana-Champaign 61801, Illinois, USA;3.Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061, USA
    Abstract:
    There are great differences between undergraduate teaching in China and the United States. Compared with the United States, the teaching system of Chinese management system can well supervise learning of student, and sufficient courses can make theoretical foundation of student more solid. However, the undergraduate teaching in China often emphasizes the content of knowledge itself, but pays less attention to the practice of theory, pays more attention to the imparting of knowledge than the cultivation of ability, which leads to the insufficiency of practical ability. Meanwhile, with the increasing enthusiasm for scientific research among college students, more and more undergraduates expect to participate in scientific research. Harbin Institute of Technology, relying on the advantages of scientific research, has set up an innovative course, which is welcomed by students greatly. Teaching practice has proved that innovation course not only provides young teachers with scientific research assistants, but also establishes a bridge between undergraduates and postgraduates, creates an innovative base for undergraduates to publish SCI academic papers, and opens a window for undergraduates to participate in international exchanges.
    Key words:  undergraduate teaching in China and the United States  innovative course  research needs  international exchange
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