2019, 28(4):1-6. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.001
Abstract:As a time responsibility and historical mission for the transformation of engineering education, the "emerging engineering education" program adheres to the fundamental task of establishing a new person, and takes the return to the new and fundamentally as the fundamental strategy, and has achieved remarkable results and great progress. At the same time, the "emerging engineering education" construction should be regarded as the "catalyst" of comprehensive reform of colleges and universities, systematically promote the concept innovation, model innovation and cultural innovation of engineering education, and lead the innovation and reform of higher engineering education with the construction of emerging engineering education.
2019, 28(4):7-15. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.002
Abstract:In order to actively respond to a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, support a series of national strategies such as service innovation-driven development, the ministry of education actively promotes the construction of "emerging engineering education". Compared with the construction idea of"emerging engineering education", currently, education of architecture in local colleges and universities has the following major deficiencies. The major is independent and the talent export is single; The training mechanism lags behind and the industry adaptability is low; School positioning is similar, the service place is insufficient. Taking architecture major of Hebei University of Technology as a case study, this paper proposes solutions in breaking down professional barriers, building a "big design" platform, making use of social resources, strengthening the integration of production and education, positioning scientific education, serving local construction and other aspects, so as to provide reference for similar colleges to carry out "emerging engineering education" research and practice. Finally, expand professional cognition, "wide caliber" talent export; Deepen the integration of industry and education, and build a education community; This paper clarifies the type orientation, carries on the path analysis to the local college architecture development "emerging engineering education" construction from several aspects including the education school characteristic.
2019, 28(4):16-20. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.003
Abstract:The necessity and urgency of promoting the construction and development of civil engineering with the concept of "emerging engineering education" were pointed out in this paper. With the transformation of management mode, the construction of "emerging engineering education", the accreditation system of engineering education and the development of the discipline, as well as the talent training in the new era were analyzed. The traditional teaching concept of talents training focuses more on theory than practice. It should be changed for the construction and reform of civil engineering. The construction of "double-qualified" teachers should be strengthened, and the school-enterprise cooperation is actively expanded. The construction of training platform inside and outside the school is further promoted, and the discipline competition mechanism is improved. The professional knowledge is popularized by the Internet, and the professional reform is comprehensively deepened. Finally, the talent training mode is built, which can meet the needs of the industry.
2019, 28(4):21-27. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.004
Abstract:The combination of general education and professional education is suitable for the basic national conditions of higher education in China. In order to explore the combination mode of general education and civil engineering education, the future development trend of civil engineering was firstly introduced, and professional capabilities of future civil engineers and training points were also discussed. Subsequently, some teaching reforms conducted by Chongqing Jiaotong University were introduced, such as curriculum reform based on the return to engineering teaching concept, duties of academic instructors, graduation design reform for practical engineering, and extracurricular practice activities.
2019, 28(4):28-33. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.005
Abstract:Based on the definition of innovation and entrepreneurship education by many scholars, proposed that innovation and entrepreneurship education need innovation, education, universality, integration, progressiveness and closure, emphasized that colleges and universities must recognize that the essence of innovation and entrepreneurship education is education, talents training and practice. With student-oriented, combining the needs of enterprises, from the top level design, talent training programs, teachers, learning conditions, and practice of the entire teaching link,implement double creation education. Based on this, it is further refined into teacher training, classroom reform, discipline competition, textbook research, results transformation, and on-campus practice, so as to integrate the "five closed-loop" training mode of innovation and entrepreneurship education based on cooperation between schools and enterprises.
2019, 28(4):34-39. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.006
Abstract:The undergraduate tutor system has become an effective training mode for domestic colleges and universities to train high-quality talents. Based on analyzing some existing problems in the practice of undergraduate tutor system, this paper puts forward innovative and sound management mechanism to ensure undergraduate tutor system plays great roles in cultivating students' growth and success, according to the implementation of undergraduate tutor system in civil engineering college of Tongji University, and reasonable suggestions for the practice of undergraduate tutors are put forward.
2019, 28(4):40-47. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.007
Abstract:Based on the current situation of the lack of non-professional professional competence training in architectural teaching, this paper investigates the outstanding alumni of architectural specialty in Hefei University of Technology, aiming at clarifying what non-professional professional competence is essential for the development of architectural students. In the first stage of the investigation, 150 outstanding in-service alumni of Hefei University of Technology were selected from the alumni database and questionnaires were conducted. On the basis of the feedback data, several elements of non-professional professional competence which had a greater impact on students of architecture were extracted. In the second stage, 20 core subjects were selected from 150 outstanding alumni, and questions were designed to conduct targeted interviews, from which the key elements of architectural non-professional professional competence were extracted:personal expression and interpersonal communication ability, innovation ability, self-learning ability and career planning ability. After communicating with architectural educators, synthesizing alumni's opinions and referring to the existing educational model of architectural specialty, this paper puts forward the possible ways to cultivate non-professional vocational competence elements in school education. Finally, from the perspective of professional education, some suggestions are put forward on the current undergraduate teaching arrangement of architecture specialty and the use of alumni resources to assist the future development of architecture students.
2019, 28(4):48-54. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.008
Abstract:After joining the Washington Accord, engineering education in China has entered a new stage of development. In order to serve the development of regional economy, it is a general trend to train professionals according to the advanced engineering education concept. Taking the training objectives, training requirements and curriculum system of the talent training programme as the starting point and referring to the concept of engineering education and the requirements of regional economic development, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University has carried out the attempt of the talent training programme, which provides reference for the local colleges and universities to carry out the characteristic connotation construction in the background of engineering education and to realize the misplacement competition among the same colleges and universities.
2019, 28(4):55-60. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.009
Abstract:With the development of computer technology, the third wave of informatization represented by the internet of things, cloud computing and big data has begun to emerge. In the field of civil engineering, big data technology has become indispensable, and the demand for talents in civil engineering and big data is increasing. As a result, the demand for training compound talents of civil engineering and big data is becoming stronger and stronger. This paper briefly introduces the concept of big data and lists the application status of big data technologies in civil engineering in domestic and abroad. Then it proposes the necessity of cultivating civil engineering and big data compound talents. Finally, it explores the training mode of compound talents for technology and application of civil engineering and big data.
2019, 28(4):61-67. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.010
Abstract:In recent years, the Party and the government to make solid progress in national cyber development strategy, constantly improving system mechanism of network information work, strengthening talent team and party building in the field of network information, etc. Under the background of the universities have not set up the majors of "network information", "public opinion", how to grasp the market changes in the demand of local emerging professionals, to cultivate the shortage of professional talents in line with industry characteristics have become a major issue for the government and universities. This paper intends to analyze the problems existing in the training of public opinion professionals in universities, based on the problem research, constructs the practice teaching base model with industry characteristics and summarizes the feasibility of model promotion through the exploration of Chongqing University's practice, provides the mode innovation and practice path for the joint training of national public opinion talents.
2019, 28(4):68-72. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.011
Abstract:Mechanics series courses are main courses and important professional basic courses of civil engineering specialty. This paper analyzes the current existing problems on teaching system in mechanics series courses of civil engineering specialty in local institutions and put forward the teaching system reform thinking of "three modules, three levels" for mechanics series courses. Practices have proved that the modular, hierarchical course teaching system is importance to adapt to the request of applied talents training in local colleges and universities.
2019, 28(4):73-78. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.012
Abstract:Curriculum construction is the basic construction content of college teaching. The realization of professional training goals needs to be concretely implemented in various courses. The characteristics of professional courses for civil engineering are numerous of content, involve a wide range, and the logic relationship between various knowledge modules is poor. According to the concept of student-centered and training-oriented authentication of engineering education certification, this paper analyzes and discusses the construction of professional courses from the aspects of the teaching philosophy of teachers, professional curriculum system, curriculum standards, and teaching mode.
2019, 28(4):79-84. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.013
Abstract:"Building services systems" is one of required building technology courses in all architectural schools in China. This course involves a lot of interdisciplinary theories and knowledge. In addition, the traditional design of this course in China has a little connection with architectural design. As a result, it is well-know that architectural students would like to ignore this course. To meet the development trend of higher education abroad, Nanjing University calls for the "inverted classroom" teaching reform campaign in recent years. This paper outlines teaching format, assignment scheme, and evaluation methods of the course, discusses problems of using the inverted classroom in order to set up the teaching mode with leading, open, bi-directional of architectural specialty.
2019, 28(4):85-89. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.014
Abstract:Fluid mechanics is a major course of the most students in engineering specialty. Computational fluid dynamics software is an important tool in the study of fluid mechanics science and engineering. Firstly, the necessity of adding the contents of computational dynamics to undergraduate learning is discussed. Secondly, the feasibility of adding the contents of computational dynamics to undergraduate learning is discussed in the theoretical basis, teaching conditions, class hours, teaching content and class hour allocation and assessment methods. Finally, the preliminary attempt has carried in the teaching process in order to stimulate students' learning enthusiasm and initiative, to improve the quality of teaching. The results show that the students' interest was stimulated, the understanding of basic theory was deepened and the teaching effect was improved after adding the contents of computational fluid dynamics to undergraduate learning. Compared with the past, the students' final average score has improved. The new ways of teaching reform about this curriculum are put forward in this paper on the basis of in-depth research and analysis of the main problems existing in the teaching practice.
2019, 28(4):90-98. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.015
Abstract:By implementing the document spirit of the abutment between teaching process and production process, which is proposed in The decision of the State Council on speeding up the development of modern vocational education(State Council issued No. 19). Our college takes the second-phase project (dormitory) as a production teaching project, adopting project teaching method, establishing the construction technology course as a project course, realization the abutment between the course teaching term and the project's whole construction period from start to completion. According to the construction process and construction schedule, abutment the content of the semester with the job content of the construction progress. According to the continuous progress of the construction process, carrying out the project teaching of project topics in turn. Breaking the fetters of the mutual disengagement between the teaching process and the construction process of the traditional construction technology course, through the theoretical knowledge's learning at classroom and practical operation at construction site, really improving the professional ability and quality of the students, it has greatly boosted the realization of the training goal of the technical backbone and managers of the 2014 grade students from Guangdong Country Garden Polytechnic's architectural engineering and technology major.
2019, 28(4):99-102. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.016
Abstract:Based on the concept of engineering education professional certification, this paper analyzes the characteristics and the existing problems of course design of building engineering of Tongji University, and the virtual-real combination teaching mode is put forward adapted to the course design, therefore it can make up for the inadequacy of real class, and help students get results quickly. The practice shows that the virtual class and the real class can complement each other, the teaching method is flexible and diverse, and it can improve the teaching quality effectively.
2019, 28(4):103-108. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.017
Abstract:By investigating laboratories of some art and architecture design universities including Tsinghua University and Tongji University, and discussing the teaching research with more than 30 colleges and universities in western China, the characteristics of the construction and practice of the experimental teaching system are analyzed comprehensively. Combining the actual situation of regional development in western region, we make recommendations for explore the features of experimental teaching of design, such as experiment teaching target localization, experimental projects being flexible and innovative, setting up the experimental teaching service team reasonably, optimizing the experiment appraisal system, creating "green lab", expanding external communication, and the opening of general courses.
2019, 28(4):109-114. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.018
Abstract:The transformation of local colleges to application-oriented colleges is a systematic project. The graduation design as an important part of teaching should be reformed accordingly. Taking Xuchang College as an example, firstly, the five urgent problems in civil engineering graduation design of applied universities were analyzed, these problems were referred to teaching management and teacher construction, respectively. Secondly, the corresponding reform measures were put forward. Finally, this paper introduces the reform and practical experiences of the 2017 and 2018 civil engineering graduation design of Xuchang College. The research results have the same guiding effect on the graduation design of other engineering majors in applied undergraduate colleges.
2019, 28(4):115-119. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.019
Abstract:In order to solve the problems in graduation design of geotechnical engineering specialty, the concept of CDIO was introduced; simultaneously, the initial reform and exploration for graduation design of geotechnical engineering in Ningbo University were conducted. Three parts of reform exploration content were proposed, such as tutor-led and graduates self-administered, teamwork graduation design participation,"dual tutor" system, which implemented a new mode of graduation design reform combined with theory and practice. Through the reform and exploration of this graduation design, the students' theoretical knowledge was reinforced, and the teamwork awareness, engineering accomplishment and practical ability for undergraduate were also trained.
2019, 28(4):120-125. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.020
Abstract:The ability of architectural quick design is one of the essential capabilities of architecture. It will play an important role in the entrance examination for postgraduates, job interviews, and professional qualification examinations. In addition to the curriculums of architectural design, training of architectural quick design also depends on integrated practical course. Inspired by the OBE concept and BOPPPS mode, this paper aims to explore the reform of integrated practical course of architectural quick design with the guidance of learning results. The teaching goal of architectural quick design was decomposed. The integrated goal of rapid design in the past is divided into two sub-goals:architectural design and performance scheme, which are trained respectively. The teaching process was redesigned, which is divided into eight segments, and the feedback nodes are reasonably arranged among them. The evaluation mechanism was improved, the comprehensive evaluation criteria is set. According to the redesigned teaching process, it could make a clearer target of each stage and get a clearer feedback of the learning results, so as to protect the learning enthusiasm and improve the teaching effect.
2019, 28(4):126-133. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.021
Abstract:According to the hierarchical demand of BIM talents for the enterprises, the paper completes multistage and gradient integration of BIM technology into the whole process of undergraduate cultivation in civil engineering under the condition that the existing teaching course system is not changed. Four-in-one teaching curriculum system of BIM education is established. Based on the characteristics of each course, the main knowledge points of BIM technology are integrated into the teaching of each specialized course. The students can find the appropriate training plan of BIM ability according to their own abilities, interests and future career plans. The integrating innovation of education, practice and service of BIM technology is realized through strengthening the comprehensive practice ability assessment of BIM project and graduation tracking.
2019, 28(4):134-138. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.022
Abstract:Based on current teaching status of field geological practice, the 3D panoramic technology is employed as an auxiliary tool to effectively conduct the field geological practice teaching combining with its characteristics and demanding. The real wild environments and geological phenomena can be reproduced by using high-resolution panoramic images. It provides the students a real learning experience which can actively mobilize their learning enthusiasm and effectively improve the quality of practice teaching, and explores a teaching mode combing the field geological practice and the 3D panoramic technology.
2019, 28(4):139-146. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.023
Abstract:In recent years, virtual reality technology has become increasingly mature and has gradually been applied in the field of education. In order to optimize the education mode and practice education reform, the article uses virtual reality technology to design and implement a bucket arch culture experiential teaching application for the famous ancient architecture Foguang Temple. The components of the bucket arch have the characteristics of high complexity and difficulty in distinguishing. Because of the immersive, interactive, and imaginative advantages of virtual reality, architectural students can participate in the process of bucket arch construction in the virtual environment. The results of student participation show that the bucket arch learning virtual reality platform is higher than the traditional learning mode in interest and knowledge retention. It reveals the effectiveness of virtual reality in the field of ancient architecture education and has positive significance for inheriting ancient Chinese architectural culture.
2019, 28(4):147-153. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.024
Abstract:The national higher education teaching achievement prizes is the highest award in the field of higher education and signifies the highest level of job of teaching of higher education in China. It is a visual identity to determine an overall teaching level and comprehensive strength of college and university. The award also has significant impact on the development of colleges and universities. Using the survey method, statistical analysis, case analysis and other research methods, the research was made on the award rate, constitute of organization, types of colleges and universities, subject distribution, probative term of practice, typical cases of the national higher education teaching achievement prizes. Based on the research and analysis, the teaching achievement prizes at the construction of colleges and universities should set up reasonable structure project team, attaches great importance to the practice and inspection, improving influence by strengthening promotion and publicity, improving winning competitiveness by standing out characteristics.
2019, 28(4):154-161. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2019.04.025
Abstract:With The Belt and Road Initiative, foreign cooperative education center of Universities in Jiangxi shifted to the cooperation with the countries along with "The Belt and Road", so the urgent need is to change the evaluation criteria for sino-foreign cooperative school. In this paper, the structural equation model is used to establish the influence paths of the various influencing factors of sino-foreign cooperative education and the weights of each influencing factors are obtained, thus obtaining a high level evaluation system of Chinese-foreign cooperative running schools and applying them to the universities in Jiangxi. Based on the analysis of factor analysis, the general influencing factors of the first 5 colleges were obtained, and the corresponding suggestions were given. Through the empirical analysis of 8 colleges and universities in Jiangxi Province, the paper obtains the more important influential factors in the high level sino-foreign cooperative education, and provides a feasible method for improving the operation quality of the sino-foreign cooperative school project.