2020, 29(1):3-8. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.001
Abstract:To carry out the spirit of the national education comgress and the "New era higher education 40" content, this paper puts forward the idea of using the MOOC to accelerate the improvement of the quality of teaching resources in the weak of teaching resources, and puts forward several ways and solutions to solve the shortage of curriculum resources and the shortage of teachers, and also the problems that need to be solved in the aspects of teachers, students, teaching management, and government.
2020, 29(1):9-15. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.002
Abstract:According to the document of higher education in the new era issued by the Ministry of Education, focusing on the purpose of first-class talent training, in the new era of China's undergraduate education, educators need to actively explore the deep integration of online and classroom teaching. The construction of open online courses and development on blended teaching for structural mechanics teaching team of Dalian University of Technology is introduced. The final exam results of students attended blended teaching are compared with those in traditional class through statistical analysis of a large amount of data. Based on their comparison with the final exam results of mechanics of materials, the advantages and disadvantages of blended teaching in improving students' performance are analyzed. Then, the factors effecting blended teaching are discussed according to the data provided by various platforms. Studies have shown that face-to-face teaching, online learning completion and in-class quiz are all main factors. Face-to-face teaching plays a key role in blended teaching. Giving full play to the guiding role of face-to-face teaching, blended teaching is beneficial to the implementation of the student-centered education concept and can help students better master the course if they complete online learning well and keep a good learning progress.
2020, 29(1):16-23. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.003
Abstract:The satisfaction of the teaching of basic profession courses to the training needs of comprehensive engineering ability, and the balance between the professional developments of the teachers with their teaching affairs, are the difficult problems for the higher engineering education in China. By excavating the engineering science connotation of the engineering mechanics in the discipline of civil engineering, the teaching group of architectural mechanics in Chongqing University has proposed the basic teaching idea, the "combination of research, engineering and teaching", and has set up the teaching group construction mechanism, the "integration of engineering with mechanics, while promoting the teaching ability by research works". In order to improve the students' ability of mechanical thinking and pratical application, the progressive teaching mode of comprehensive analysis and innovative ability of mechanics has been constructed. It is hoped that these experiences will be beneficial to the teaching of basic courses and the construction of teaching groups in the engineering disciplines.
2020, 29(1):24-30. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.004
Abstract:Soil mechanics is the core and main course of civil engineering. It has the characteristics of strong specialty, numerous and trivial knowledge points, and high flexibility in application. It has many hypothetical conditions and idealization theory, which are incomprehensible and difficult to use for students. Taking the online course of soil mechanics of Hohai University as an example, this paper expounds the significance and difficulties of the "Golden Course" construction of open online course under the construction standard of higher order, innovation and challenge. This paper lists the specific measures to promote the construction of "Golden Course", for example, reforming the curriculum system, adopting case teaching methods, integrating ideological and political education concepts, and integrating the form of flipped classroom, to improve the teaching content, improve the vitality of the course, raise students' ability to solve problems and cultivate students' comprehensive quality. The effectiveness of these measures is confirmed by the statistical results of learning effects.
2020, 29(1):31-37. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.005
Abstract:Curriculum system is the main part of student training program of a major, and is the key factor of major characteristics and major connotation. It is also the base of major construction and major reform. In this paper, taking the curriculum system of civil engineering of Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology as an example, which is well reformed and optimized to strengthen major characteristics and enrich major connotation, the reforming and optimization practice of the core curriculum group, the elective curriculum system, the foreign language curriculum system, the bilingual curriculum system, the all English curriculum system, the innovation-entrepreneurship education curriculum system, the general education curriculum, and the online curriculum group are introduced. The curriculum system reform and practice experience introduced in this paper have good reference value for the designing of civil engineering course system and major construction in other colleges and universities.
2020, 29(1):38-44. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.006
Abstract:The construction of Golden Courses is a quality guarantee of higher education and an important link of higher education overall construction. It is urgent to innovate from education idea, training program, curriculum setting, teaching mode, etc. General courses play an important role in higher education to cultivate students' overall quality such as humanistic literacy, moral sentiment, and social responsibility. Based on the characteristics of different majors' general courses, combined with the Golden Course construction, to improve the teaching effect of general courses of civil engineering, the limit of traditional teaching mode based on major courses should be broken and the teacher-centered teaching should be transformed into student-centered "learning". Taking the construction of "Double First-Class" universities and Golden Courses as an opportunity, and trying to transfer students' attention on mobile phone into the classes, combined with the current social environment and the focus of students' attention, the paper focuses on the innovation of curriculum setting and teaching mode, and takes advantage of every possible measurement such as entity mode, engineer practice, mobile network, social platform, network video, traditional excellent teaching methods, etc. Taking the civil engineering general course "bridge aesthetics" as an example, the paper gropes a teaching method of Golden Courses for engineering majors which can be referred to by peers.
2020, 29(1):45-50. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.007
Abstract:The emergence of MOOC (massive open online courses) is gradually changing the way college students learn. At the same time, it also provides them with more abundant learning resources. Based on the characteristics of the course of basic principles of civil engineering construction and the content of MOOC construction, this paper introduces the dynamic construction of practical resources in the MOOC construction of this course, which includes videos of construction process, animation of construction technology, photographs of construction sites and engineering cases, etc. The process of setting up engineering case base is mainly introduced. It also discusses how to use the internet to optimize the teaching process and improve the teaching efficiency, which has positive significance for the teaching reform in civil engineering courses.
2020, 29(1):51-59. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.008
Abstract:This paper analyzes the teaching content and teaching status of the course of principles of engineering structural design. Teaching methods are designed and adjusted based on the cone of learning theory and the characteristics of attention curve of students. In the attention distraction period of the class time, the method of pop-up questions during teaching sections is adopted. The pop-up questions on the screen can arouse the excitement of the students and stimulate their learning enthusiasm and learning motivation. Students participation and learning interest are stimulated through the approaches such as "cosplay", programming, and flow chart compiling. A preliminary attempt to "flipped classroom" is carried out, and some experience and conclusions are obtained.
2020, 29(1):60-67. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.009
Abstract:In response to the new round of technological revolution and industrial revolution, and actively cooperating with the national education reform strategy planning and policy requirements, domestic universities have taken the initiative to deepen the reform of engineering education, and lay out the emerging engineering talents training and education innovation, so as to train future-oriented innovative engineering talents. Civil engineering, as a typical traditional engineering specialty, is facing the practical problems of further "transformation" and "upgrading". Civil engineering construction regulations, as a course with significant interdisciplinary characteristics, is in line with the development trend of emerging engineering construction. Adhering to the concept of emerging engineering education, the ideas and direction of curriculum construction are proposed from four aspects of curriculum basic information, teaching objectives, curriculum content and teaching methods through comparative analysis of the building situation of construction regulations courses in four famous foreign universities. Taking the construction of civil engineering construction regulations course in Hohai University as an example, the construction of course materials, the practice of "flipped classroom" teaching model and the construction and effect of open online courses are analyzed and summarized.
2020, 29(1):68-73. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.010
Abstract:Driven by global information technology and educational informationization, MOOC has become a key development direction of education. In order to improve the public service level, promote education equity and curriculum teaching reform, the Ministry of Education of China's "Opinions on accelerating the construction of high-level undergraduate education and comprehensively improving talent cultivation ability" points out that it is needed to vigorously promote MOOC and virtual simulation experiments, and vigorously promote and develop high-quality MOOC. Taking construction of building materials MOOC as an example, this paper has discussed high quality course resources construction from the following three aspects:basic situation and characteristics of building materials course, curriculum resources construction of building materials MOOC, and teaching design and effect analysis of building materials MOOC. The experience of course content, teaching resources, teaching mode and the precious experience of online appraisal are taken in this exploration, which lays practical foundation for the future MOOC construction of building materials and other subjects.
2020, 29(1):74-85. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.011
Abstract:Large-scale civil engineering teaching experiment is limited by equipment, site, funds and other aspects for the high cost, long cycle and great danger, though civil engineering is a practical course. With the continuous progress of computer simulation technology, the virtual simulation method of civil engineering based on numerical simulation is playing an increasingly important role in the application of engineering practice and scientific research of this discipline. Virtual simulation experiment can make up for the shortcomings of classroom teaching and physical experiment, and it has become a development trend of civil engineering teaching. The national virtual simulation experiment teaching project is a collection of the most advanced virtual simulation teaching projects in China, which represents the development direction of virtual simulation teaching and has great guiding significance. Based on the public data of 2018 national virtual simulation experiment teaching project sharing platform, this paper classifies the schools, leaders and project types of civil engineering virtual simulation projects, analyses the characteristics of the virtual simulation projects in the publication, points out the development trend of civil engineering virtual simulation teaching projects, and provides reference for the construction of teaching projects in the future.
2020, 29(1):86-90. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.012
Abstract:Classroom teaching is one of the main forms of teaching in domestic colleges and universities. However, the traditional classroom teaching pattern, where teachers give lectures throughout while students keep listening passively, has led to some visible problems. Under its directly or indirectly influence, the learning effect is difficult to guarantee, students are lack of initiative on learning, their learning interest and creative thinking are failure to aroused, their understanding of classroom content is not deep enough, and the knowledge is not firmly grasped. This paper proposes that colleges and universities can adopt a teaching pattern that meets the students' internal needs, that is, problem-based learning (PBL) pedagogy. By creating a situation and atmosphere driven by practical problems, students' interest and motivation in learning can be improved. When implementing PBL teaching model in the class of civil engineering, college teachers are supposed to design appropriate problems which satisfy undergraduates' motivation to study and their development needs. Some teaching strategies are also needed to motivate students to participate in the class actively.
2020, 29(1):91-101. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.013
Abstract:At present, a systematic and comprehensive online and offline hybrid teaching model has not yet been formed. In particular, the application of hybrid teaching concept to the teaching and research of civil engineering specialty course is still very deficient. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of civil engineering specialty course and the problems existing in teaching, a hybrid teaching mode of online and offline integration is proposed. This teaching mode is based on multimedia PPT, blackboard writing, MIRC network platform and course learning website. It adopts teaching methods such as lecture, discussion, task-driven and self-learning, which can minimize the fatigue of students in the process of learning and fully stimulate students' interest and potential in learning. The application results in the teaching of "building structure design" as a core professional course of civil engineering show that the proposed hybrid teaching mode of online and offline has better learning effect and contributes to the cultivation of innovative practical talents.
2020, 29(1):102-109. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.014
Abstract:The Johns Hopkins University is regarded as the America's first research university, and the elite education system for undergraduates is adopted in the Department of Civil Engineering. The introduction to the civil engineering training program and its objectives at Johns Hopkins University is presented, which is further compared with the program at Wuhan University. The teaching contents and methods of two professional compulsory theoretical courses-evolution of engineering structures and structural design of Johns Hopkins University are described afterwards. Detailed discussions are provided by referring to the elite education system, the combined study and research mode and the professional practice, which can enable the quality enhancement of talent training. Further suggestions and thoughts are also presented to improve the international influence and recognition of engineering education in China.
2020, 29(1):110-118. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.015
Abstract:China Engineering Education Accreditation (CEEA) is put forward under the background that engineering education in China in the new era is in line with international standards. Its concept of "student-centered, outcoming-based and continuously improving" education is of great significance to guiding modern engineering education and training engineers with both technical and non-technical abilities. According to the requirement of outcoming-based education (OBE), the structural mechanics course group of Civil Engineering College of Chongqing University, starts from the learner's cognitive rules of constructivism, analyses the content characteristics of structural mechanics course and its position in the curricula system, applies backward design method to design the hybrid teaching model, and applies the teaching methods and tools such as lectures, online learning, task-oriented teaching and conversational framework. At the same time, civil engineering instances are introduced into the teaching design to cultivate students' ability to solveing "complex engineering problems", so as to achieve the teaching goals and meet the corresponding CEEA graduation requirements.
2020, 29(1):119-125. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.016
Abstract:Considering the wide-ranging, abstract, theoretical, and flexible contents of structural mechanics in civil engineering, a teaching method named "3W3E" is proposed by taking the modular knowledge units as clues. In "3W3E" teaching method, six modules of why, what, how, evolution, examples, and engineering are adopted, by which the significance, basic concepts, analysis procedures, historical developments, calculation training, and engineering applications of the knowledge point or approach are respectively introduced. The proposed method has the distinct characteristics of progressive levels, emphasized contents, and complementary functions. Taking force method as an example, this paper introduces the implementation process and teaching plan details of the "3W3E" teaching method. Practices show that the "3W3E" teaching method can improve the learning initiative of students so that the abstract knowledge can be well understood, and can help students to apply the problem-solving skills more proficiently and to widen their engineering cognition.
2020, 29(1):126-132. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.017
Abstract:Aiming at the problem that learning interests and motivation of some university students are not strong enough, the influence factors of learning interests are analyzed from the aspects of society, family, school, teacher and so forth. The subtle-type and direct action-type influence factors are proposed. On this basis, the principle of improving the learning interest was given, was discussed. The calculation of normal section flexural capacity of bending member in the course of basic theory of reinforced concrete structure is taken as an example to discuss the method of stimulating students' learning interests in classroom teaching, put forward specific measures to improve students' learning interests, and introduce the application of new technique in classroom teaching.
2020, 29(1):133-139. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.018
Abstract:As an important part of the talent training plan for colleges and universities, civil engineering experimental teaching is the key link for cultivating excellent civil engineers. At present, the curriculum system and laboratory management pattern of civil engineering experimental teaching is not perfect, the experimental teaching content is outdated, and the students do not pay attention to experimental teaching. In view of this, some teaching reform measures have been put forward, such as dividing experimental teaching level, constructing network experimental teaching platform, improving the experimental teaching syllabus and opening computer course. It is aimed at cultivating high-quality talents with practical ability, creative ability and satisfying social needs.
2020, 29(1):140-147. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.019
Abstract:According to the characteristics of close combination of professional theory and engineering experiment of civil engineering, based on the general existing problems during current course teaching, a teaching approach of combination of engineering experiment and theoretical teaching is proposed and related measures about course content modification, selection of typical experimental projects, checking method, and establishment and utilization of teaching and research experiment platforms are discussed. Taking civil engineering specialized courses and engineering structure experiment course as teaching cases, the main ideas and key implementation steps of the teaching method are described in detail. Students' gains and inspirations in innovative ideas and professional quality are listed from experiment reports written by students and discussion and feedback after class, so as to verify the effect of the proposed method.
2020, 29(1):148-155. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.020
Abstract:As the undergraduate education is increasingly paid attention to and the education idea is changing, it is necessary to reform the courses of civil engineering construction technology. Based on the education idea of knowledge construction of students, the quaternity teaching system is established and a whole teaching procedure is formed. The basic construction knowledge is combined with the real engineering project, the theoretical teaching in classrooms is combined with the real experience in construction sites, virtual construction technology is combined with teaching knowledge, and knowledge construction of students is combined with framework guidance of teachers. The interaction between students and multi-study-resources is emphasized. Students are promoted to construct the knowledge system of civil engineering construction technology.
2020, 29(1):156-161. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.021
Abstract:Geotechnical engineering (GE) is a discipline with a tight combination of theory and practice. It involves many complex stereometric aspects, such as slope engineering, underground engineering, engineering rock mass. Traditional two-dimensional teaching could not give an efficient introduction. The mentioned contents cannot be easily accepted by the students. To solve the problem, a "virtuality-reality" teaching approach and platform combining the virtual reality and 3D printing technique is proposed and practiced. It is found that the proposed teaching method could stimulate the learning interest of students. Students could learn about the complex structures about GE in an easy and safe circumstance, which solves the negative issues such as high cost, long period and potential danger. By using the 3D printing technique, the teaching quality of GE is effectively improved and the practical ability and innovative thinking of students are also cultivated. The proposed teaching approach can also provide a platform for extra-curricular innovative activities with the requirement of new engineering construction, which makes a better collaboration of teaching and scientific research.
2020, 29(1):162-168. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.022
Abstract:In view of the problems existing in the current project valuation and its curriculum teaching in China, it is proposed to introduce the Building Information Modeling (BIM) into the project valuation curriculum. Aiming at the problems existing in the current project valuation BIM teaching, the overall reform ideas of engineering evaluation BIM teaching are elaborated from three aspects:teaching goal reform, BIM and valuation course teaching integration, new teaching index evaluation system and BIM teaching resource input. Then it introduces the teaching reform method, teaching plan and main measures based on BIM from three aspects:valuation theory course teaching, course case teaching, comprehensive course design practice teaching, etc. Finally, by summarizing common BIM valuation software platforms, and combining the characteristics of project valuation and the actual needs of the engineering community, this paper proposes to apply BIM technology in the whole process of project valuation, including investment estimation, design budget, construction drawing budget, completion settlement and final accounting, envisages the training of comprehensive system valuation ability, and explores the teaching methods and techniques at each stage.
2020, 29(1):169-174. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.023
Abstract:Basic, professional basic and professional courses are offered for postgraduate students in HVAC in Harbin Institute of Technology. Diversified assessment methods are put forward in accordance with the characteristics of different types of courses. Process management is enhanced in teaching process. Curriculum assessment contains various ways, such as "final examination + course paper + report defense", "classroom content assessment + reading assessment + review paper + case paper + questions + discussion", "open-book examination + research report + plus score", "on-line practice + research report", "course paper + course practice + case analysis and exchange". The diversified assessment methods discussed in this paper have been applied to teaching reform of HVAC. It can certainly provide a reference for the postgraduate course assessment reform of other engineering field.
2020, 29(1):175-180. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.024
Abstract:The domestic BIM education system for engineering management and civil engineering has been increasingly improved, but the BIM education for mechanical and electrical majors such as water supply and drainage started late, and employers are in urgent need of BIM mechanical and electrical talents. Based on the experience of BIM technology education in domestic colleges and universities, the graded BIM course system of water supply and drainage major is established. In order to cultivate basic BIM talents, courses such as BIM application technology and BIM case analysis are set in the original training plan, and BIM technology is integrated into the original professional course teaching, At the same time, BIM software operation is added into the practical course system. For senior BIM talents, after learning basic courses, improvement training will be conducted to enable students to master the current mainstream BIM application management software. Meanwhile, students will be encouraged to participate in BIM competitions and students with strong abilities will be provided with 3+1 off-campus cooperative enterprise practice opportunities. Through the implementation of graded BIM curriculum system, a large number of BIM comprehensive applied talents have been trained for the society and enterprises, which can provide reference for the training of BIM talents for water supply and drainage.
2020, 29(1):181-188. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.025
Abstract:In the teaching of material mechanics, case teaching is an effective method to stimulate students' interest and initiative in learning. At present, mainstream textbooks for material mechanics are based on mechanically related structures or components, and rarely involve civil engineering cases. In the long history of civil engineering, there are many construction achievements and many failure cases. If these civil engineering cases are selected as teaching cases, they can not only make the course full of vitality, but also enable students to get more professional knowledge. Based on the curriculum of material mechanics, several representative cases related to civil engineering are listed in this paper, corresponding to the relevant chapters in the course of material mechanics, which can provide reference for classroom teaching.
2020, 29(1):189-195. DOI: 10.11835/j.issn.1005-2909.2020.01.026
Abstract:With the in-depth implementation of "The Belt and Road" strategy and the increasingly fierce international competition in the construction industry, the international development of civil engineering has put forward new requirements for the cultivation of civil engineering talents in China. In order to strengthen the competitiveness in the international market, the study of specialized English for civil engineering has become not only an inevitable trend but also an effective choice for the education of civil engineering. By re-examining a series of problems in the current teaching of specialized English for civil engineering, the paper elaborates the practical strategies of the course reform of specialized English for civil engineering from the aspects of teaching mode reform and teacher team construction, such as extending the course periods, improving students' attention, enriching the teaching content and optimizing the teaching modes, and strengthening the curriculum resources and teaching staff and forming a continuously improved assessment mechanism.